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X.. NO- 1 

JANUARY. ie09. 

if„*m^»^ at the Post-office at Charleston, S. C, as 
Enterea a* Second-Class Matter. 

^pvfNTCn won TMt SOCIETY BY 


Charuebton, ». C 




Joseph W. Barnwell, Henry A. M. Smith, 

A. S. Salley, Jr. 

Mabel L. Webber. 


Letters from Commodore Gillon in 1778 and 1779. 1 
Abstracts from the Record of the Court of Ordinary 

of the Province of South Carolina 1692- 1700 10 

Willtovvn, or New London 20 

The Second Tuscarora Expedition 33 

A Letter from John Laurens to his Uncle James 

Laurens 49 

Historical Relation of Facts delivered by Ludovick 

Grant, Lidian Trader, to his Excellency the Gov- 

ernour of South Carolina 54 

Historical Notes 69 

Necrology 71 

Editorship of the Magazine 73 

N. B. These Magazines are one dollar each to any one 
other than a member of the South Carolina Historical 
Society. Members of the Society receive them free The 
membership fee is $3 per annum (the fiscal year being from 
May 19th. to May 19th.), and members can buy back num- 
bers or duplicates at 75c. each. In addition to receiving the . 
Magazines, members are allowed a discount of 25 per cent, 
on all other publications of the Society, and have the free 
use of the Society's library. 

Any member who has not received the last number will 
please notify the Secretarj' and Treasurer, 

Miss Mabel L. Webber, 
South Carolina Historical Society, 

Charleston, S. C. 











Cmamukbton, S, C 



Of J 


4 ... 



South Carolina Historical Society, 

May 19, 1908 — May 19, 1909. 


Hon. Joseph W. Barnwell. 

1st Vice-President, 

Henry A. M. Smith, Esq. 

2nd Vice-President, 

Hon. Theodore D. Jervey. 

jd Vice-President, 

Hon. F. H. Weston. 

4th Vice-President, 

Hon. John B. Cleveland. 

Secretary and Treasurer afid Librarian, 

Miss Mabel L. Webber. 

Curators : 

Langdon Cheves, Esq., D. E. Huger Smith, Esq., 

Charles W. Kollock, M. D., 
Prof. Yates Snowden, Capt. Thomas Pinckney, 

Prof. C. J. Colcock, Hon. C. A. Woods, 

Hon. James Aldrich, G. M. Pinckney, Esq. 

Board of Managers, 

ALL OF the foregoing OFFICERS. 

Publication Committee, 
Henry A. M. Smith, Joseph W. Barnwell, 

A. S. Salley, Jr. 

'^ OF TMt 



The South Carolina 

Historical and Genealogical 


VOL. X. JANUARY, 1909. No. i. 

GILLON IN 1778 and 1779/ 

Worthy Sir 

As I am convinced no Grent". In America 
can better Judge of the propriety and practicabiHty of the 
inclosed proposals than you can I feel happy in putting 
them under your protection to testify as you think will 
best answer ye purpose of supplying this Continent with 
ye Articles now so much wanted should my humble services 
be accepted of 1 am not without great hopes that by a 
proper explanation of ye Trade of this Country to my Coun- 
trymen in Holland I may induce them to become bold Ad- 
venturers this way in Trade & perhaps Negociate a Loan 
that may prove convenient — Permit me to add that as I 
must give y usual comssons (which presume you will 
allow) in Europe for transacting y*. business there I crave 
your opinion in y* Adequate to y Expense & trouble I may 
be at in Europe in Superintending this Affair either as an 
Annual Stipend or a Comsson I am with much truth 
Worthy Sir Your most Obed* Serv*. 

Alexander Gillon 
To y e Honorable Henry Laurens Esq : 

"These letters are copies, and are to be found in one of Henry Lau- 
rens' Letter Books. 


As my name has only appeared in these proposals, Objec- 
tions may be made to leave so weighty a matter to One per- 
son in case of death therefore I mention ye parties intended to 
assist in it. M' — is to reside in America to Act with 
Mess". John S. Cripps and Mey in making ye remittances 
& delivering ye goods: I am with M' house in France to 
dispose of ye remitt' & make ye Purchases &c I am truly 

Your obligd hble Serv*. 

A. G. 


A few days ago I was favoured with a Letter from your 
Commercial Board acquainting me that y* Honble Congress 
had pass'd an order for half ye Sum to be advanced me 
on my Contract but deferred Sending ye Money till it was 
known if I continued my engagement with them in conse- 
quence of an Appointment proposed for me during my 
absence by His Excellency y*. President & the Honble y*. 
Council of this State 25 days before my Contract with 
you as appears by his Excellency's Letter to me of y*. 3*. 
Nov', which I rec*. on ye road ab*. 300 Miles from York 
Town on my way here Permit me to observe to you my con- 
duct thereon which I trust will be favorably thought of 
by Congress. On my arrival here I waited on his Excel- 
lency & thanked him for y*. Honour intended me of ap- 
pointing me to Command of y*. Navy of this State but that I 
was not at my own disposal in consequence of my Contract 
with you that this was y*. only reason why I did not accept 
of his friendly offer as I have held myself ready to act in 
that Line when called on so that I was not only bound by 
Gratitude but led by Inclination to give this State a prefer- 
ence of my very few Abilities if I had been disengaged in 
which his Excellency proposed writing you but y* Letter 
from y". Commercial Board seems to imply a desire on 
your Part for me to prefer this Appointment to your Con- 


tract wherefore I have taken ye liberty to accept of ye 
Command of y*. Navy of this State provided you approve 
of it for which purpose I wish to set off for France y*. i'*. 
May to procure y*. 3 frigates (for here) where I must 
tarry some Months during which or any other time I shall 
be happy to execute any of your Commands but if you 
prefer my Complying with your Contract it will give me 
pleasure to Compleat it permit me therefore to request you 
will favor me with an early Answer ere I leave this that if 
necessary I may appoint Attomies here to ship y*. Pur- 
chases I shall make & that on my arrival in Europe I may 
apply for & procure y\ Credit wanted as I proposed in case 
ye property from America shou'd be Captured or that I 
cannot effect ye Insurance on ye Exports & Imports. 
Shou'd you accede to my appointment here ye President 
concurs with me in Opinion that it will not interfere with 
my other business if I shou'd make your first Annual pur- 
chases as the Building and fitting out ye 3 Frigates will 
detain me 6 Months there & that I must go to Holland to 
adjust my old concerns there — I will only add that I very 
much Esteem ye continuance of your favourable Opinion 
condescend then to Grant it me & to beleve that no offer 
on Earth could have induc'd me to waver even A Iota from 
your Contract except the one of being call'd forth by the 
General Voice of the worthy People of this State be 
assur'd that neither Rank nor Interest had any Sway for 
if it cou'd your Contract by far exceeded any Income I 
could here tho they propose providing very bountifully for 
me & ye other Officers. 

I am with all due Respect 


You', most obed*. & very hble Serv\ 

A. Gillon 

To the Honble Henry Laurens Esq 

President of the Honble the Continental Congress. 


[Henry Laurens to A. Gillon.] 

Charles Town 4*^ May 1778 
Alexander Gillon 


Your favor of the 4**. 
March reached me the original about the 14". Copy on 
the 2i'\ April I should have hoped the Commercial Com- 
mittee had long before that time given you their determina- 
tion on the proposed Plan for importing goods — why the 
necessary measures had not been pursued on our part in 
due time I cannot tell — probably some delay was occasioned 
by the lowness of our Treasury there were calls from every 
Quarter for Money & every department had suffered ex- 
ceedingly from want of Supplies in due time — but I re- 
member to have heard a Gentleman say, who came to Town 
after you had left us that had he been present the bargain 
with you should not be concluded, his reason was, a fail- 
ure on your in a former Contract when you promised to 
go to Europe in person & sent an Agent in your place & 
that the Accounts of that transaction remained unsettled. 
This is all I know of the subject — I cannot doubt your 
having heard fully from the Committee, but my hands are 
so effectually or perhaps with more propriety actually em- 
ployed in my own duty, that I have not time, nor would it 
be pleasing to those Gentlemen that I should further inter- 
fere than, to remind them now & then of the necessity for 
writing to you — I sincerely wish you Success in your 
Maratime engagement the Noble part which France has 
taken in our quarrel with Great Britain will smooth your 

I have the honour to be &c 
H. L. 

Charles Town So Carolina 25 June 78 

I am much indebted to you for your very kind favour 
of ye 4". past with it I rec* a letter from ye Commercial 


Committee inclosing a Resolve of Congress which assigns 
ye reasons why I was not to pursue my Contract with them 
all I wish'd for was to have it known & believ'd that I did 
not accept of my present Command but with this Proviso 
that Congress acquiesced in it in conseq*. of my app". here 
being prior to my Contract with them as I allways held 
myself engaged to them & shou'd most certainly have ex- 
erted my utmost to've executed ye Contract had they not 
consented to ye App\ here As to ye Gentleman who observed 
that had he been in Congress ye Bargain with me shou'd 
not have been conckided must have supposed himself to 
have had very much influence in Congress indeed I lament 
that those whom I think myself entitled to look up to as 
my friends did not Remark to that Gentl'. the Reason 
why I was debarred of going to Europe to perform my 
other Contract, you know Sir that by ye fatigues of going 
from one end of ye State to ye other to procure Vessels 
Seamen &c caus'd a very alarming Attack of a Complaint 
that had reduced me much several times before & tho I 
had my baggage & every thing arrg'd so as to depart in 
24 Hours it was pointed out to me as certain death to go 
to Sea, but to immedly set of for ye Northwd. at my leisure 
by Land Query then which was most for ye Interest of this 
Continent, my going to Sea to be thereby totally depriv- 
ing Congress of getting what was so much wanted or else 
to send one of my Partners who was healthy and equal 
to ye business. Answer ye latter because he compleated 
what he went for & as ye AcctV not being settled that 
Gentr. will find very weighty reasons for, in my letter to 
ye Commercial Board inclosing them & as your hurry of 
Affairs may not admit your perusing of that letter * ♦ 
(which I wished you received) I quote you the reasons 
I never rec*. % Sales of one of ye Cargoes as it wou'd 
not sell in Cadiz (Say ye Indigo) but was Reship*. & 
my partner rec". a Credit equal to what was supposed it 
wou'd nett, besides I knew ye ball*, wou'd be trifling either 
way thus I wanted no after acc*V & had I not been quit- 
ting ye Continent for a while I cou'd wish'd toVe post- 


pon'd sending any acct'. till I had rec*. ye above % but 
I have sent them now & I flatter myself on examining 
them it will appear that my contract has been ye best exe- 
cuted of any made of that kind & most sincerely do I wish 
that Gentle", as a Member of ye Community in General may 
find every Contract he Knows of or has ye adjusting of as 
faithfully compleated as mine thus instead of being re- 
flected on I thought to have Rec*. thanks for risking 
£45000 this being of my own property at a time so early 
that many had hardly determined what part to take in ye 
American Opposition, but Sir I did it with pleasure & at 
ye Repeated request of 6 Gentlemen of Congress I had 
ye pleasure of being acquainted with & I glory in saying 
ye Exports was made on ye best terms practicable from here 
they all got safe to Europe was sold at a profit of 36 pCt. 
or there abouts that one half of ye Nett proceeds was there 
laid out on ace*, of ye Continent in Powder Arms &c on 
as good terms & as as good in quality as could be pro- 
cured in France & deliv'd to them at first Cost, that about 
Lv'. 4900 of my Moneys was laid out in same manner & 
deliv'd to their order at ye very Moderate Advance of 
^3^ Vs pC*. that ye remaining part of my funds in this 
Contract was expended to pay for Bills I had accepted to 
pay in Lisbon or Cadiz & some foreign debts that my 
partners saying that Americans cannot expect to pay our 
debts was of any force thus I was compelled to lise a little 
of my own Moneys to my own disadvantage without injur- 
ing ye Continent & above all no part of these Adventures 
either going or coming was taken Pardon me for troubling 
you so much to explain this matter to you that you may be 
able to judge how far I merit applause or censure & to 
vindicate ye character of one who as a Citizen of ye State 
ye represent, takes ye liberty of saying he claims your 
protection ye small ball, due I requested them to order 
how it is to be paid. I expect to set off for Europe in 
10 days to procure ye Frigates I'am to direct which I shall 
try to keep together to protect this Coast & Trade or 
or obey any other orders I may receive, if there is any 


thing I can do in France that will give you pleasure per- 
mit me to receive your directions thereon under Cover to 
Mess". H. L. Chaurand freres Merch*' Nantes you will 
present, my best respects to your promising and worthy 
Son & believe me that I am happy in having ye honour 
to subscribe myself 

Your Excellencys Most Ob\ & most hie Serv*. 

A. Gillon 

His Excellency 

Henry Laurens Esq'. — ^York Town. 

(To be continued in the next number of this magazine.) 



OF SOUTH CAROLINA, 1692-1700. 

Contributed by A. S. Salley, Jr. 

(Continued from the October number.) 

June 12, 1694, Mary Barton, widow and administratrix 
of John Barton, Peter LaSalle and William Nowell exe- 
cuted a bond to Governor Smith for Mrs. Barton's faith- 
ful execution of her trust. Witness: John Hamilton. (Page 


On the same day Governor Smith directed Mrs. Barton to 
administer on the said estate, and he also directed Lieu- 
tenant John Sanders, William Sanders and William Perri- 
man to appraise and make an inventory of the estate. ( Page 

May 13, 1694, Martha Winfield, of New Providence, ap- 
pointed Martin Cock her attorney in South Carolina. Wit- 
nesses : John Trimingham and Daniel Smith. Proved before 
Governor Smith, June 11, 1694. Recorded by John Hamil- 
ton, Deputy Secretary, June 20, 1694. (Page 153.) 

September 14, 1694, Mary Moore, widow and administra- 
trix of Thomas Moore, planter, late of Carolina, deceased, 
John Whitmarsh and James Batt, cooper, executed a bond 
to Governor Smith for Mrs. Moore's faithful performance 
of her trust. Witness: John Hamilton. (Page 159. The 
pagination skips from 153 to 159.) 

September 14, 1694, Governor Smith directed Mrs. Moore 
to administer on the said estate. (Page 160.) 
September 13, 1694, Governor Smith directed Lewis 
Pryce, John Whitmarsh, William Bower, George Ireland 
and Henry Bower to appraise and make an inventory of 
Thomas Moore's estate. (Page 160.) 

May 27, 1694, William Smith, Alexander Parris and Wil- 
liam Popell returned the inventory of the estate of John 


Vansusteren, which they had made May 23, 1694. Proved 
before and recorded by Paul Grimball, June 28, 1694. 
(Pages 162-165. Page 161 is blank.) 
May II, 1694, James Stanyarne, Daniel Courtis and Ralph 
Emms proved, before Joseph Blake, the inventory which 
they had made of the estate of James Beamer, joiner, de- 
ceased. Recorded by Paul Grimball, July 6, 1694. (Pages 

October 13, 1694, Jonathan Amory, administrator of the 
estate of Mary North, widow, late of Carolina, deceased, 
Anthony Shory and Noah Royer, Jr., executed their bond 
to Governor Smith for Amory's faithful execution of his 
trust. (Page 167.) 

September 17, 1694, Governor Smith directed Jonathan 
Amory to administer on the estate of Mary North, widow, 
of the Province of Carolina, deceased, and at the same time 
he directed John Cock, William Welsby, William Russell, 
Benjamin Lambert and Edward Westberry to appraise and 
make an inventory of her estate. (Page 168.) 
October 8, 1694, Mrs. Mary Phillipps, widow and adminis- 
tratrix of Richard Phillipps, gentleman, late of Carolina, 
deceased, William Smith and Jonathan Amory executed 
a bond to the governor for Mrs. Phillipps's faithful exe- 
cution of her trust. Witness: John Hamilton. (Page 169.) 
September 28, 1694, Governor Smith directed Mrs. Mary 
Phillipps, widow, to administer on the estate of Richard 
Phillipps, gentleman, deceased, and at the same time he 
directed Robert Fenwicke, George Logan, Charles Basden, 
Thomas Barker and Thomas Rose to appraise and make 
an inventory of the said estate. (Page 170.) 

Will of Daniel Rolinson, of Charles Town, made April 
II, 1693, proved before Governor Smith, September 18, 
1694, named his wife, Mary, as sole executrix and gave 
her the "messuage and tenement*' wherein he then dwelled 
and all the land and appurtenances thereunto belonging 
and all other property whatsoever. Witnesses : Jacob Bor- 
dels, Peter Jacob Guerard, John Young, William Peter 
and Richard Phillipps. Recorded by John Hamilton, 


D. S., September 22, 1694. Warrant of appraisement 
granted to Mary Rolinson by Governor Smith, October i, 
1694. (Page 171.) 

October i, 1694, Governor Smith directed Gilbert Ashley, 
William BoUough, John Smith, tailor. Dr. Jacob Burdell 
and William Chapman to appraise and make an inventory 
of the estate of Daniel Rolinson. (Page 172.) 

The will of Arnaud Bruneau, Chabociere, written in 
French. (Page 172. As this will is published in full, with a 
translation, in Transactions of the Huguenot Society of 
South Carolina, No. 10., no abstract is given here.) 
November 9, 1694, Governor Blake directed Isaac LeGrand, 
Alexander Chastaigner, Rene Ravenel, John Boyd and 
John Gendron to appraise and make an inventory of the 
estate of Arnaud Bruneau, Escuyer, Sieur de la Chabo- 
ciere. (Page 173.) 

November 22, 1694, Thomas Smith, executor of the last 
will and testament of Hon. Thomas Smith, deceased, Peter 
Guerard, merchant, and William Williams, gentleman, 
executed their bond to Governor Blake for Smith's faith- 
ful execution of his trust. Witness : John Hamilton. (Page 


Will of "Thomas Smith Senr: Esqr: of Carolina", 
made June 26, 1692, proved November 21, 1694, before 
Paul Grimball, by Joseph Blake, Landgrave and Governor, 
and Peter Guerard, gave son, George, his choice of testa- 
tor's mares, "either young or old, which he liketh best, 
with my second best saddle and bridle", all his "wearing 
apparell as well linnen, as woolen, silk stuflfe, &ct", his 
"brick house in Charlestowne cont : four roomes, one above 
another (with convenient passage to and from it", all his 
"instruments that belonge to Chirurgery and one-halfe" 
of his medicines, one-half of all of his books, one feather 
bed, two pairs of sheets, two blankets, one rug, two pillows, 
one bolster, a large brass mortar and pestle, a silver por- 
ringer, two silver spoons, a small silver tankard, two small 
silver salts, six heifers, six calves, £20 current money of 
Carolina, to be paid to him within three months after tes- 


tator's death, four leather chairs, one cedar table board and 
thirty shillings wallen in table linnen; gave to grandson, 
Thomas Smith, a large silver tankard, to be used and re- 
paired, nevertheless, by his son, Thomas Smith, during his 
lifetime; gave "faithful friend, Coll. Joseph Blake", for a 
remembrance, a silver tobacco box; gave son, Thomas, all 
the rest of his goods, real and personal chattels, plantations, 
houses, lands, cattle and negroes, and made him sole exe- 
cutor; requested Joseph Blake to be overseer, counsellor 
and trustee for son, George, until he became of age. Wit- 
nesses : Peter Guerard, James Ramsey, Joseph Blake. In a 
memorandum codicil appended to the above will, July 
15, 1693, "Thomas Smith, Esqr. one of the Landgraves & 
Governor of Carolina", bequeathed to his friend. Col. 
Joseph Blake, of Colleton County, his patent for Land- 
grave, which had been granted to him by the Lords Pro- 
prietors, tc^ether with all the baronies, lands, privileges 
and dignities thereunto belonging. Witnesses: Stephen 
Bull, Richard Conant, Capt. Charles Basden. Proved be- 
fore Paul Grimball, November 17, 1694. Recorded by 
John Hamilton, D. S. Warrant of appraisement granted 
to Thomas Smith, executor, by Govenor Blake, November 
21, 1694. (Pages 176-177.) 

November 21, 1694, Governor Blake directed Capt. James 
Younge, Benjamin Marion, Edward Pope, Thomas Bel- 
lamy and David Beatteson, to appraise and make an in- 
ventory of the estate of Hon. Thomas Smith, late gov- 
ernor of the Province. Recorded by John Hamilton, Dep. 
Sec., November 22, 1694. (Page 178.) 
January 11, 1694-5, Samuel Stent, executor of Daniel Bul- 
man, deceased, Benjamin Lamboll, carpenter, and William 
Carlisle, all of Berkeley County, executed a bond to Gov- 
ernor Blake for Stent's faithful performance of his trust. 
Witness: John Hamilton. (Page 179.) 
January 12, 1694-5, Governor Blake directed Benjamin 
Lamboll, Robert Collins, Thomas Holton, Robert Cole 
and George Gantlett to appraise and make an inventory of 
the estate of Daniel Bulman, deceased. (Page 179.) 


Will of Daniel Bulman, butcher, made November 17, 

1694, proved before Governor Blake, January 9, 1695, gave 
son-in-law, Samuel Stent, all of his estate, real and per- 
sonal, and appointed him his attorney. Witnesses: Samuel 
Langley, Thomas Tansly, Ralph Emms, William Ellits, 
Recorded by John Hamilton, January 22, 1695. Warrant 
of appraisement granted to Samuel Stent, executor, by 
Governor Blake, January 12, 1695. (Page 180.) 
January 25, 1694-5, Henry LeNoble and Daniel Huger, 
executors of Louis Perdriau, deceased, John Francis 
Gignilliat and Isaac Callibuffe executed a bond to Governor 
Blake for LeNoble and Huger's faithful execution of 
their trust. (Page 181. Louis Perdriau's will is recorded 
on page 182. As it has been published in full in Transac- 
tions of the Huguenot Society of South Carolina, No. 10, 
no abstract is given here.) 

January 24, 1694-5, Governor Blake directed Jonathan 
Amory, John Alexander, Peter Guerard, Peter La Salle 
and Isaac Callibuffe to appraise and make an inventory of 
Louis Pefdriau's estate. Recorded by John Hamilton, 
D. S., January 24, 1694-5. (Page 182.) 
April 15, 1694-5, James Moore and James Ladson, admin- 
istrators of Joseph Pendarvis, Andrew Russ and William 
Smith, vintner, executed their bond to Governor Blake for 
Moore and Ladson's faithful performance of their trust. 
Witness: John Hamilton. (Page 183.) 
"The Honoble: Joseph Blake Esqr. Landgrave & Gov- 
ernor of this part of the pvince of Carolina, that Lyeth 
from Cape ffeare South & West" directed James Moore 
and John Ladson to administer on the estate of Joseph 
Pendarvis, deceased, with the will annexed. Recorded by 
John Hamilton, D. S. (Page 184.) 

Will of Joseph Pendarvis, of Charles Town, made Nov- 
ember 19, 1694, proved before Governor Blake, January 10, 

1695, gave son, John Pendarvis, a negro man 'named 
Caesar, a negro woman named Bess, a silver tankard, known 
as "the old silver Tankard", a silver headed cane, the 
house in Charles Town wherein Judith King then lived 


and the ground behind the house, the tract of land bought 
of Mr. Popell and then occupied by his said son, a negro 
woman named Phoebe and a negro girl named Friday, a 
mare named Bonne, a cedar chest, one-third of his cattle 
and one-third of his goats ; gave daughter, Mary Pendarvis, 
a negro man named Mingo, a negro woman named Pegg, 
a silver tankard, a house in Charles Town wherein Stephen 
Williams, blacksmith, then resided, and the grounds behind 
the house and half the passage between this house and the 
one bequeathed to John Pendarvis, all the rent due by 
Stephen Williams for the said house, a lot fronting the 
lots of Mr. Buretell, one-half of his old cleared and newly 
cleared plantations and all land from the bridge by Mr. 
Amory's fence to the land formerly called Skipper's land, 
butting to the marsh which fronts Wando River, a negro 
girl named Phyllis, an old mare named Strawberry, one- 
half of his household stuff, not otherwise given, one-third 
of his cattle, one-half of his twenty sheep and one-third of 
his goats; gave daughter, Ann Pendarvis, a negro man 
named Tom, a negro woman named Moll, a silver tumbler, 
two coconuts tipped with silver, a silver dram cup, his 
brick house and a house standing by it in Charles Town, 
together with a lot and a half belonging to said house, a 
lot fronting Mr. Buretell's lots, and the other half of the 
lands from the bridge by Mr. Amory's to Skipper's land, 
a negro woman named Sarah, a young mare named Straw- 
berry, the other half of his household stuff, a third of his 
cattle, a half of his twenty sheep, and a third of his goats; 
gave William Allen, son of Priscilla Rose, formerly Pris- 
cilla Allen, a tract of land lying between the fences of 
Mr. Amory and Mr. John Watkins and reaching back to 
the broad path; directs his friends. Dr. At kin Williamson 
and Thomas Rose, to look after his daughters and see that 
no wrong be done them. Witnesses: Dr. Charles Burn- 
ham, William Popell, John Thomas, Pierre Le Chevallier. 
Recorded February 2, 1695, by John Hamilton, D. S. Let- 
ters of administration, with the will annexed, and warrant 
of appraisement were granted to James Moore and John 


Ladson by Governor Blake, April 15, 1695. (Pages 185- 

April 15, 1695, Governor Blake directed William Popell, 
George Bedon, John Bird, James Williams and John Wat- 
kins to appraise and make an inventory of the estate of 
Joseph Pendarvis. (Page 187.) 

February 16, 1694-5, William Williams, executor of the last 
will of Capt. Qiarles Clarke, Capt. Bumaby Bull and Fran- 
cis Fidling executed their bond to Governor Blake for 
Williams's faithful performance of his trust. Witness: Jo. 
Hamilton. (Page 188.) 

Will of Charles Clarke, of Berkeley County, made No- 
vember 2, 1694, and proved before Governor Blake January 
10, 1695, gave to Mrs. Mary Spragg, daughter of Mrs. 
Hannah Williams, wife of William Williams, a house and 
lot in Charles Town "bounded on a lott belonging to the 
Honoble : Thomas Smith of this pvince Landgrave & Gov- 
ernor"; gave to William Williams, of Carolina, gentle- 
man, a town lot adjoining a lot belonging to William 
Bayley, of Charles Town; gave to his god-daughter, Mary 
Cockfield, daughter of William Cockfield, of Carolina, 
planter, "one younge bob tayle heiffer" and a steer; gave 
remainder of estate to William Williams and Mrs. Mary 
Spragg, to be equally divided between them; gave Wil- 
liam Williams all of his goods and lands in Virginia, and 
appointed him sole executor of his estate. Witnesses: 
Thomas Gudgerfield, John Whitsimon, James Halbert. 
Recorded by John Hamilton, D. S., February 8, 1695. 
Warrant of appraisement granted by Governor Blake to 
William Williams, executor, February 16, 1695. (Page 

February 16, 1694-5, Governor Blake directed Capt. Burn- 
aby Bull, Thomas Gudgerfield, James Halbert, William 
Elliott and John Miles to appraise and make an inventory 
of the estate of Capt. Clarke. (Page 190.) 
February 14, 1694-5, Thomas Barker, joiner, administra- 
tor of the estate of John Parker, late of the island of 
Jamaica, mariner, deceased, in right of his wife, Sarah 


Parker, William Smith, vintner, and William Popell, mer- 
chant, executed thir bond to Governor Blake for Barker's 
faithful performance of his trust. Witness: John Ham- 
ilton. (Page 191.) 

February 20, 1694-5, Governor Blake directed Thomas 
Barker and Sarah, his wife to administer on the estate of 
John Parker, late of Jamaica, deceased. Recorded by 
John Hamilton, Dep. Sec., February, 1694-5. (Page 192.) 
February 20, 1694-5, Governor Blake directed George 
Logan, Thomas Rose, Richard Bellinger, William Bol- 
lough and John Collins to appraise and make an inventory 
of the estate of John Parker. (Page 193.) 
March 15, 1694-5, Mary Capers, widow relict and admin- 
istratrix of Richard Capers, planter, William Capers and 
William Chapman, all of Charles Town, Berkeley County, 
executed their bond to Governor Blake for Mrs. Capers's 
faithful execution of her trust. Witness : John Hamilton. 
(Page 194.) 

The same day CJovemor Blake directed Mrs. Capers to ad- 
minister on the estate of Richard Capers, deceased, and at 
the same directed William Capers, William Chapman, 
Nicholas Marden, William Buffinton, John Brae, William 
Edwards, William Fuller and Thomas Garry to appraise 
and make an inventory of the said estate. (Page 195.) 
March 27, 1695, William Rivers, James Witter and Ben- 
jamin LamboU, executors of the will of Thomas Great- 
beach, late of Carolina, deceased, Samuel Williamson and 
Alexander Spencer, all of Berkeley County, executed their 
bond to Governor Blake for the faithful performance of 
their trust by the aforesaid executors. Witness: John 
Hamilton. (Page 196.) 

March 27, 1695, Governor Blake directed Edward Drake, 
Ambrose Dennison, Robert Collins, William Carlisle and 
Samuel Langley to appraise and make an inventory of the 
estate of Thomas Greatbeach. (Page 197.) 

Will of Thomas Greatbeach, of Carolina, made Novem- 
ber 28, 1694, and proved before Governor Blake, March 14, 
1695, gave son, Daniel Greatbeach, all his land and houses 


in Carolina or elsewhere and all of his wearing clothes, 
silver buckles and buttons and two gold rings, which he had 
worn in his lifetime, all of his sheep not otherwise given, 
one half of his cattle, one half of his hc^s, his "best gun 
being a fuze with bayonett catouch box sword & pistoU", 
one half of his household goods, as pewter, brass, iron, 
bedding, linnen, and all other utensils, three silver spoons, 
one half his slaves and all other property not specifically 
mentioned, his two mares and their increase, excepting the 
first foal which should come from either of the mares, 
which was given to James Witter, son of James Witter; 
gave daughter, Ruth Greatbeach, the other half of his 
slaves, one-fourth of his cattle, one half of his hogs, his 
wife's wearing clothes and two gold rings, three silver 
spoons, one half of his household goods, as pewter, brass, 
iron, bedding, linnen and other utensils, three ewes, to 
be delivered to her within six months after testator's death ; 
gave "sonn & daughter in Law Thomas and Patience Dow- 
ning" one fourth of his cattle "to be equally divided be- 
tween my said sonn in law Thomas Downing and my said 
Daughter in law Patience Downing"; and gave each of 
them two ewes, to be delivered to them twelve months 
after testator's decease if no considerable loss should hap- 
pen to the stock of sheep in the meantime; requested Mrs. 
Hannah Trotter to stay in his family "and tutor and in- 
struct" his daughter Ruth as she had theretofore done for 
two or three years, she to have £5 per annum and a room in 
his house, with her board and washing as in his lifetime, 
as long as his executors should approve her care and dili- 
gence in instructing his said daughter, Ruth ; directed that 
his slaves, live stock and personal property should not be 
divided until his son-in-law (step-son) Thomas Downing 
should reach the age of twenty years and that in the mean- 
time a sufficient sum from their yield be used for educating 
and maintaining his children, Daniel and Ruth Greatbeach, 
and the overplus divided between them; appointed step- 
son Thomas Downing to be sole executor when he should 
become twenty years of age, he giving security for the per- 


formance and payment of bequests and legacies until his 
son, Daniel, should reach the age of eighteen when the 
latter should take charge of all pertaining to himself and 
his sister, Ruth, until the latter should marry or arrive 
at the age of eighteen, and in case of the death of either 
of the children, beneficiaries named, before the age specified, 
his or her share was to be divided between the survivors 
according to bequest; gave son David first choice always; 
appointed friends William Rivers, James Witter and Ben- 
jamin LamboU, executors until Thomas Downing should 
reach the age of twenty years; stipulated that in case of 
the death of both of his children before attaining the 
ages specified that all his lands and half of his personal 
property should go to his brother, Rowland Greatbeach, 
of Bermudas, and his eldest son, Daniel Greatbeach, and 
the other half of his personal estate to his step-children, 
Thomas and Patience Downing; appointed Richard Hill, 
Henry Younge and George Gantlett overseers and supervi- 
sors of his will, Witnesses : Hannah Trotter, Samuel Stent, 
Hugh Wigglesworth. Recorded by John Hamilton, D. S., 
April 5, 1695. Warrant of appraisement granted by Gov- 
ernor Blake to William Rivers, James Witter and Benja- 
min Lamboll, executors, March 27, 1695. (Pages 197- 


{To be continued in the next number of this magazine.) 


By Henry A. M. Smith. 

The town of Willtown, Wilton, or New London, altho 
it has been for many years one of the "dead towns" of 
South Carolina — indeed nothing but an ^andoned town 
site — yet was the first settlement after Charles Town which 
seems to have attained even the dimensions of a small town. 
We have not yet sufficient data or remaining records 
from which there can be positively stated when it was 
first settled or even the exact name by which it was desig- 
nated. The first mention we find of a contemplated town 
on the Edisto River is in some instructions dated May lo, 
1682 from the Lords Proprietors to Maurice Matthews 
Esq., or the Surveyor General of Carolina as follows: 
"We understand that there is on Edistoh River about 
"20 miles above the head of Ashley River a 
"convenient fertill peece of Land fitt to build a Towne 
"on five hundred akers of w**" We would have re- 
"served for that Use & 11 500 more about it for a col- 
"lony & it being above the salts & tides."* 

The site of Willtown is not 20 miles above 
the head of Ashley river nor is it above tides, but as the 
geographical knowledge of th^ Proprietors at that time con- 
cerning the Province was very hazy it may be they had 
reference to Willtown bluff. 

On 22 June 1683 the Lords Proprietors sent a letter of 
instructions to the Governor and Parliament of the Pro- 
vince with regard to holding the election for Parliament at 
more than one place so as to enable the scattered settlers 
to vote. In this letter the following passage occurs. 

"There are two counties so planted as to be capa- 
"ble of it. We hereby order the biennial Parliament 
"to be held next November for the future Parliament 
"London Transcripts in office Hist. Commission. Vol. 1, p. 135. 

A V 'I n 


A' ... V- 



"of twenty persons, ten to be chosen by the freehold- 
"ers of Berkeley County in Charlestown and ten by 
"the freeholders of Colleton County in London in the 
"said County/" 

Whether the "London" here referred to had developed even 
to the dignity of a village would appear doubtful from 
a letter of the Proprietors to Sir R. Kyrle Governor dated 
3 June 1684, in which they write 

"We have often recommended the building of towns 
"to the people but in vain; We now recommend the 
"same thing to yourself— one or two villages would 
"suffice to show the Convenience of it.'". 

Again. in a letter to Governor Joseph West dated i6 Feb- 
ruary 1684/5 th^ Proprietors say: 

"We being fully Convinced that Charles townc is 
"so Scituate that it must be alwayes unhealthy in the 
"hott months of the Sumer doe thinke fitt that the 
"Courts there held be adjourned from the lo** of June 
"to the 10** of October that men may not be obliged 
"to come into so unhealthy a place at that time of the 
"yeare and if any Accident should Happen that doth 
"make it needful to call the Councell or Parliam*. W** 
"in that time Wee would have you apoint the meeting 
"to be at London or Some place nere the head of 
"Ashley River".* 

And in a later letter dated 25 June 1684 they refer to 

"our Instructions for granting of Land directed for 
"the lands about London in Colleton & other Port 

So in the letter to Governor Joseph Morton Dated 26 April 

1686 they write 

"We desire you to take great Care y* y* Land of y* 

"squares about London Town be not granted to any 

Ibid vol 1— p. 244. 

•Calendar of State Papers Am : & West Indies 1681-1685, p. 645-6. 
^London Transcripts in office Hist. Commission vol 2 p. 4 
•Ibid vol 1— p. 304 


"But as we by our Instructions for granting Land have 
"directed & not otherwise".* 

Do these references to London mean the town later 
known as Willtown and still later as New London ? They 
are not sufficiently definite for it to be said that they do, and 
yet on the principle of exclusion it would not appear that 
they refer to any other place. 

There is another difficulty — 

In a letter dated Dec 20 1697 from the Lords Pro- 
prietors to Governor Joseph Blake they say 

"We very well aprove of your New Towne and y*. 
"name you have given it.'" 

We have not among any of 
the remaining records the communications from the Gov- 
ernor and Council giving the new town and its proposed 
name — and the letter quoted from the Lords Proprietors 
does not mention the name . The town of Dorchester on 
Ashley River was laid out just at that date but it was not 
laid out by the Government. It was laid out by the indi- 
viduals who had acquired the land which included the site. 
Nor was it known as the town of Dorchester at that time — 
A tract of some 4050 acres had been purchased for certain 
intending immigrants from New England and the whole 
tract was called Dorchester or Dorchester land. The imrt 
laid out in lots for a town was called the "place for trade 
"in Dorchester." The name too was bestowed by the set- 
tlers and not by the Governor and Council. 
Yet if the references in the letters of the Proprietors to 
"London" and "London Town" from 1682 to 1686 mean the 
later town of Willtown or New London why in 1691 do 
they speak of it as "your New Towne" and approve of the 

About this time we first meet the name of Wiltown. 
There are on record two grants, both dated 8 January 

•Ibid vol 2 p. 133. 
'Ibid, vol 3, p. 236. 


1697, for lots in Wiltown. The grants are in express terms 
stated to be for lots in the *'Town of Wilton" — and are 
made to Landgrave Joseph Morton/ 

The first grant is for lot N*. 13 butting and bounding 
"West on the wharfe or Front street, South on the 
"second street that lyes south from the Grand street 
"that runs East & West to the East on lot N*. 23 & 
"North on lot N\ 12". 

The next grant is for lot N*. 3 
"as in y* Grand Piatt of the s* Town West on 
"the Wharfe or front st South on the Grand street of 
"the s^ Town y' Rims East & West to the West on the 
"first street that runs parallel to the s* Wharfe or 
"Front street & to the North on lots 5 & 16." 

A comparison of these descriptions with the plan of New 
London published herewith will show that these boundings 
on other numbered lots do not agree with the lots of the 
numbers granted as they appear on the plan. These earlier 
lots would appear to have been granted with reference to 
a different plan. At the same time lots 3 and 13 on the plan 
are out of their place and order and it is possible that when 
a new and enlarged plan was later laid out for New London 
these two lots were left as already located and granted 
altho' the order of the numbering of the other lots was 
changed. The records do not show how and when the 
name of Wilton or Willtown was given. In a deed of 
much later date viz 16 February 1731* made to James 
Smith of "Will Town" he conveys a plantation or Island 
which he purchased of Robert Yonge in Colleton County 
"being opposite to Will" Town." 

The spelling of the name is also elsewhere often given as 

Will Town. The conclusion of the writer is that as the 

name Charles Town was bestowed when King Charles 

reigned, and James Town in honor of King James, so in 

•Office Hist. Commission Book N. C. p. p 188-189. 
'Office Hist Commission Memo : Bk vol 2, p. 64. 


1697 when King William was on the throne the name of 
William Town was given to the New Town which had 
just assumed shape. This name subsequently was abbre- 
viated to Will Town or Wilton by which name it has ever 
since been known notwithstanding strenuous efforts to 
change it later to New London. 

The records apparently show no other grant to lots in 
Willtown of that date nor are there any other grants re- 
ferring to the same plan as referred to in the grants to 
Landgrave Morton. Again on 19 Qctr 1699, the Proprietors 
write to Governor Joseph Blake that they — 

"Will send directions respecting the Edisto river set- 

but the name of the settlement is not mentioned. 
In an Act of the General Assembly ratified 23 December 
1703**, Commissioners are appointed and directed to lay out 
and construct a road 

"from the plantation of Thomas Rose planter on the 
"South West side of Ashley river to the town in Col- 
"leton County called Wilton". 

About this time the attempt must have been made to 
change this name to New London for in OMmixons Caro- 
lina published in 1708 he states", 

"Two miles higher is Wilton, by some called New 

"London, a. little town, consisting of about 80 houses. 

"Landgrave Moreton, Mr. Blake, Mr. Boon, Landgrave 

"Axtell, and other considerable planters have settle- 

"ments in this neighborhood, which is Sir John CoUe- 

"tons precinct" 

The writer is inclined to doubt that Willtown had at that 

time so many as 80 houses. The only grants that the writer 

has been able to find of that date are the two to Landgrave 


Oldmixon is not known to have been in Carolina and it 

is probable that this statement was only second hand from 

information. ^ 

"General Stats. S. C. vol. 9, p. 2. 
"Carroirs Collection vol. 2, p. 453. 


The old name however held on. 

In an Act ratified lo Nov'., 1711", the town is referred to as 
Wilton, and in another Act ratified 7*". June 1712"*, it is 
provided : 

"That a common highway shall be made and laid out 
"from the end of the bridge over South Edisto river 
"to the most convenient place of the highway from the 
"ferry to Wilton". 

In the next Act ratified 12 June 1714", both names are ap- 
plied to the Town. 

In Section i, a road is ordered to be laid out from 

"John Frip's plantation on Edisto Island to Wilton". 

In Section 4, another road is ordered to be laid out from 

"the most convenient part of the New London road 

"to the most convenient place on South Edisto river 

"over against the plantation of Capt John Jackson on 

"South Edisto river" to be done at the labour and 

charge of the persons "living within two miles of 

"South Edisto river on the North side from Wilton to 

"the plantation of James Rixons on South Edisto 

"river, and the persons living at New London and at 

"the plantation of James Rixons." 

And in Section 15, this Act repeals the clause in the Act 

of 7** June 171 2, 

"relating to making a high road from New London (form- 
"erly called Wilton) road to the end of the present bridge 
"over South Edisto river." 

This last Statute is the only one in which the name New 
London appears. 

The large number of grants of lots in the town ap- 
pear of record about this time. In these grants the lot 
granted is referred to as situate in the Town of New Lon- 
don, never in Wiltown. The grants range in date from 
June 1714 to August 1717. The lots granted also agree 

"General Statutes S. C vol. 9, p. 17. 
"Ibid p. 27. 
"Ibid p. 32. 


in their descriptions with the plan which is published here- 
with. It is probable that when it was determined to change 
the name from Willtown to New London the old plan of 
Willtown was discarded and a larger and more comprehen- 
sive one substituted as New London. 

In an unsigned letter dated 19 July 1715, in the Tran- 
scripts from the State Paper office in London * occurs the 
following passage: 

"about a Month Since the Apalatchee and other 
"Southern Indians came down on New London and 
"destroyed all the Plantations on the way besides my 
"Lady Blakes, Falls, Coll Eves and Several others, 
"have also burnt Mr Boons Plantation & the Ship he 
"was building". 

In the plan of New London published herewith the Town 
limits are given as bounding to the North and East on lands 
of James Cochran. 

This land of James Cochran was originally granted for 
2027 acres on 23 November 17 14, to Landgrave Robert 
Daniell and in the description in the grant it is stated to 

"to the Southward on New London, Mr. Will" 
"Livingstons, the said Jn* Dedcotts, and the said 
"James Cochran's land, to the Westward on the said 
"Jn* Ashes land. New London, and the said William 
"Livingstons' land"." 

William Livingston, also mentioned on the plan, received a 
grant on the 24 February, 1714/15", to lot N*. 18 in "New 
London Town" and on the same day received a grant" for 
500 acres on the South side of South Colleton (the name 
bestowed on the Edisto) river upon a creek over against 
"Wilton Town." 

"Office Hist Com"- vol 6, p. 106 

"Office Secrety of State Grant Bk. vol. 39 p. 42. 

"Ibid p. 155 

"Ibid p. 54 


The old name repidly displaced the New. 

In the road act ratified 12 February 17 19, it is referred to 
as Wilton" so also in the act ratified 16 Sept'. 1721". 
In the Act ratified 21 Sept'. 1721, (General Statutes S. C. 
Vol 7. p, 166) for establishing County and Precinct Courts 
it is provided that a Court of Pleas assize and gaol delivery 
shall be established at Willtown, in Colleton County, at which 
Court all the inhabitants of Colleton County should be 
attendant ; and in the act ratified the next year, 23 February 
1722, establishing seven free schools in the Province, one 
was to be established at Willtown. 

In the Act ratified 9 Deer, 1725; Col. John Palmer, Mr 
Robert Yonge, and M' Thomas Hill are appointed Com- 
missioners, and directed to build with all convenient speed, 
*'at Willtown a chappel for the public worship of al- 
"mighty God." " 

And in the road acts ratified 29 May 1736", and 11 March 
1737", it is referred to as Wiltown. 

Thenceforth the name New London wholly disappears, 
and it is always referred to as Wiltown, or, from the ele- 
vated site of the old Town, as Wiltown ''bluff." 

Dalcho in his Church History, published in 1820, in his 
account of the Parish of St Paul, Stone, states, (p. 355:) 

"In the year 1740 Wiltown contained about eighty 
"Houses, and was sometimes called New-London". 

But the writer is satisfied that this is but a repetition from 
Oldmixon the date being inadvertently placed as 1740 in- 
stead of 1704. 

A Presbyterian congregation was early organized and a 
church built at Wiltown. The settlements in that neighbor- 

"Statutes at Large S. C. vol 9, p. 46 

"Ibid p 53. 

"Ibid vol 3, p. 253 

"Ibid vol 9, p. 93 

"Ibid p. 101 


hood were largely of Presb)rterians and there is in existence 
an agreement among Presbyterian worshippers drawn up 
about 1728 at "Wilton Bluff." " 

There exists also a subscription list for building a Presby- 
terian Meeting house at Wilton in 1731*. 

It was at this Meeting house that the Rev. Archibald 
Stobo was preaching on 9 September, 1739, when the news 
was brought of a negro insurrection which had broken out 
at Stono a few miles distant and had assumed alarming 
proportions, the insurgent n^roes having swelled to a 
considerable number and marched towards the Edisto River 
destroying and burning everything in their way. 

The male members of the congregation were members of 
the militia and had attended church with their arms as re- 
quired by law. They were enabled without delay to pursue 
the negroes who were found on a plantation a short dis- 
tance north of the road to Jacksonboro ferry and still 
called "Battlefield." After a short conflict the negroes 
were routed — ^many captured and the rest dispersed. The 
leaders were executed and the insurrection wholly sup- 

This Meeting house appears to have been abandoned in 
1767 and a new one erected about three miles off". About 
1807 or not long previous to that year this last Meeting 
house was burned and it was judged expedient to rebuild 
on the old site at Wiltown and a list of subscribers was 
made up 

"for the purpose of rebuilding the Wilton Church 
"situate at Wilton Bluff."" 

This last must have been again destroyed for in 1820 a 

new house of worship was erected at a new site about a 

mile from the village of Adams Run at the intersection of 

the Wiltown road* ^ 

••Howes Hist. Pres. Ch. S. C, vol. 1, p. 146. 

"Ibid p. 202 

"Ibid p, 320 

"Ibid p. p. 472-577 & vol. 2, p 64 

"Ibid p. 335 


"The spot where the Church stood which was built 
"when it was adjudged expedient to remove it from the 
"Bluff is marked by some remains of the ruins and a 
"few grave stones which still stand in tolerable preser- 

The Chapel of Ease directed by the Act of Assembly of 
9*" Deer 1725, to be erected at Wiltown, does not appear 
ever to have been built, nor is there any evidence that any 
Church edifice of the Church of England or the Episcopal 
Church of America was ever erected in Wiltown until 1834 
when the congregation of Christ Church, Wiltown, was or- 
ganized, and a Church erected apparently on the site of the 
old Presbyterian Meeting house which was purchased for 
the purpose. 

"Standing on the Bluff one is surrounded by wide- 
"spreading live-oajcs, and looks over the beautiful 
"stream below him on an extensive reach of country 
"covered by rice fields which in spring time or at har- 
"vest is one of the loveliest prospects in the low coun- 
"try of the State. On the site formerly occupied by 
"the church now stands an Episcopal Church, built 
"among the graves in which sleep the ashes of those 
"who died in the Presbyterian faith."* 

Neither the Episcopal or the Presbyterian places of wor- 
ship were constructed on the four acres marked on the 
plan for a Church. 

Wiltown altho' the town settled next 
in date after Charleston, (that is if the early references to 
"London" were indeed to the spot afterwards called Wil- 
town and New London) — yet could never have attained 
much size or trade. It had a site fine in appearance being 
on a high bluff on a navigable stream, but its position was a 
bad one for any purposes of defence. An enemy advancing 
from the South would always pass it either along the nav- 
igable waterway to the East as the Spaniards did in 1688 
or farther to the West as Prevost did in 1779. It was not 

"Ibid p. 63 

•Ibid, vol 1 p. 18& 


suited to trade as the easy water communication with 
Charleston allowed the latter to supply all the territory 
around it. Finally it was on a fresh water stream in a 
most malarial section. 

It may be that it attained the dignity of 80 houses as 
stated by Oldmixon. If so that was the high tide of its 
prosperity. It rapidly decayed and has not for near two 
centuries been anything but an abandoned Town site — occu- 
pied principally by a church and a cemetery. 

The map published with this article is taken from an old 
parchment map in the office of the Historical Commission. 
This old parchment map is endorsed on the back New Lon- 
don or Wiltown but it is impossible to say whether the hand- 
writing of the endorsement is as old or more recent than the 
map itself. The lines and figures on the old parchment map 
are so faint and illegible that it was impossible to trace a 
copy over them. The map published is a copy from a copy 
of the old map made by Thaddeus Sobieski who was a 
surveyor here early in the 19*** century. This copy has 
however been carefully compared with and verified by the 
old map. The scale on the old map is stated as 5 chains 
per inch. The copy as published has been reduced to a 
smaller scale. 

The list of grantees of lots has been made up from the 
grant books in the Secretary of States office — ^picked out 
as it were by turning over the pages and is therefore likely 
to be incomplete. 

The site of the old Town is at what is now universally 
known as Willtown Bluff in Colleton County, on the East 
side of the South Edisto river where that river is commonly 
called the Pon Pon river, and about 5 or 5J/2 miles South 
of the present railroad bridge of the Atlantic Coast Line 
railroad over that river. 


No. of Lot. Name of Grantee Date of Grant 



















Joseph Morton 
William Bull 
John Brown 
James Cochran 
Thomas Bruce 
Joseph Blake 
William Axon 
John Bassett 
Joseph Boone 
Joseph Boone 
Joseph Morton 
Matthew Porter 
Wilham Livingston 
George Logan 
Dennis Gibbes 
Jonathan Miller 
William Gibbon 
Charles Hart 
James Cochran 
Robert Sedgwick 
David Bourke 
Coll Michael Brewton 
David Bourke 
David Bourke 
John Brown 
Thomas Bruce 
Thomas Bruce 
Thomas Bruce 
William Sparry 
William Sparry 
James Cochran 
James Cochran 
Thomas Hepworth 
William Sparry 

8 Jany 1697 

24 Febry 1714/1S 

8 Aug 1717 

24 Febry 1714 

24 Febry 1714/1S 

24 Febry 1714/1S 

6 April 171 5 
19 Deer 1716 

24 Febry 1714 

24 Febry 1714 

8 Jany 1697 

24 Febry 1714 

24 Febry 1714/15 

2 May 1715 

I April 1715 

3 March 1715 

24 Febry 17 14 

2 Febry 1714 

I April 1715 

24 Febry 1714 

24 Febry 1714 

25 Jany 1714/1S 
24 Febry 1714 

7 Febry 1714 
8 Aug 1717 

7 Aug 1717 
7 Aug 1717 
7 Aug 1717 

24 Febry 1714/15 

24 Febry 1714/15 

I April 1715 

24 Febry 1714 

24 Febry 1714 

24 Febry 17 14 



William Sparry 

24 Febry 17 14 


Sarah Bourice 

* 24 Febry 1714/1S 


Capt William Scott 

4 Aug: 1717 


Capt William Scott 

4 Aug: 1717 


Thomas Bruce 



Thomas Hepworth 

24 Febry 1714 


Thomas Hepworth 

24 Febry 17 14 


Marmaduke Payne 

24 Febry 1714 

78 . 

81 1 

Marmaduke Payne 

24 Febry 17 14 

James Cochran 

I April 1715 


^ Capt : William Scott 

4 Aug: 1717 

85 J 

Dennis Gibbes 

I April 1715 


Joseph Boone 

24 Febry 1714 


William Sparry 

29 March 1715 


William Sparry 

29 March 171 5 


Joseph Boone 

24 Febry 17 14 


Joseph Boone 

24 Febry 1714 


William Sparry 

29 March 1715 


William Sparry 

29 March 171 5 


.; .> 

By JosejA W. Barnwell. 

In the issue of this Magazine of January 1908, (vol IX 
page 28) the letters of Col. John Barnwell, the com- 
mander of the first Tuscarora Expedition were published, 
giving a detailed account — some of it in journal form — of 
his proceedings from the time he left the Pedee River in De- 
cember 171 1 or January 1712 till the conclusion of a treaty 
with the Indians- on April 17, 1712 at "King Hancock's 
fort" on the Cotechney, a branch of Neuse River in the 
present Craven County, North Carolina. * 
Under the terms of this treaty the fort was delivered up, 
and the white captives and negroes with it, but the lives of 
the Indians in the Fort were spared. 

The peace was soon broken by both sides, and the gov- 
ernment of North Carolina found itself again compelled to 
solicit aid from Virginia and South Carolina. The death 
of Governor Hyde of North Carolina had thrown the chief 
control in that state upon President Pollock of the colo- 
nial council, and in South Carolina Grovernor Robert Gibbes 
had been replaced by Governor Charles Craven. Governor 
Spotswood of Virginia finding that no security could be 
given for the repayment of the expenses of sending troops 
to the scene of action, confined his aid to a dispatch of much 
needed clothing, and to the use of his influence with the 

* In the History of North Carolina by Samuel A* Court Ashe pub- 
lished in 1908 no mention of these letters is made though published as 
long ago as 1898 in the Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 
(vol. VI., page 46.) and also cited in Osgood's American Colonies in 17* 
Century (Vol 2 page 431.) The confusion, begun by Hewat, between 
the first and second expeditions is therefore in some measure continued. 
Historical errors, when they are widely published, are indeed difficult 
to correct. 


Northern Tuscarora tribes to keep them from joining their 
more Southern brethren.' 

The extract from the jounal of the Commons House of 
Assembly of South Carolina, which is published herewith, 
will show the great sympathy felt by Governor Craven and 
the representatives of this colony for their northern neigh- 
bors, and also the interest taken by Col. Barnwell in the 
dispatch of a second expedition. Col. James Moore' was 
finally chosen to command it, and well chosen for he brought 
the war to a most successful close. 

There is no record of the day of the actual starting of 
the expedition, but it was expected to set out on September 
15" 1712.' 

The map published herewith is taken from a copy made 
for Mr. William J. Rivers from the English Public Record 
Office, and by him presented to the South Carolina Histori- 
cal Society. This map not only shows the route taken by 
Moore from Charleston to New Bern N. C, but also the 
route of Barnwell on the previous expedition in 171 1 — , 
that taken by Maurice Moore with recruits for his brother 
James in 1713, and the route, of Maurice Moore from 
North Carolina in 171 5, when sent with 50 white men to aid 
South Carolina during the Yemassee war. Between Charles- 
ton and the seat of disturbance in North Carolina there are 
four large streams to be crossed. The Santee, the Pedee, 
the Cape Fear, and the Neuse. The usual trade route seems 
to have been from Charleston between the Ashley and 
Cooper to the Santee, up that River on the west bank to 
the ''Congareee" or "Congrees" on the west bank of the 

'Spotswood letters, Virginia Historical Society; .Vol. I, pages 
170, 172. Vol 2, pages, 3, 6, 11, also North Carolina Records Vol 2, 
pages, 12 to 16. 

He was the son of James Moore, himself an Indian fighter, who, 
was chosen by the council governor of South Carolina in 17(X), and 
who exercised office till June 18** 1702. The son in after life was also 
chosen governor by the Revolutionary party in the Revolution of 1719, 
in place of Governor Robert Johnson, who adhered to the Lords Pro- 
* North Carolina records Vol. 1, page 880. 


Congaree opposite to Columbia. Crossing the Congaree the 
route led up the West bank of the Wateree to the Waxaws 
in the neighborhood or above Charlotte North Carolina, 
the river there being now called the Catawba. The course 
was then almost due East across the Pedee there called the 
Yadkin, thence North East across the Cape Fear, which like 
so many rivers named by Indians changed its name there to 
Saxapahaw, and thence across the Neuse where then 
called the Eno. The path or road to Virginia was from 
there East, but to New Bern South East. Moore seems to 
have followed this route, which is in the main that of John. 
Lawson in 1700' 

It will be observed from the map that Barnwell followed 
a more Southerly course after his crossing of the Catawba 
at the Waxaws. This may have been owing to the desire to 
give speedy aid to North Carolina, or in order to gather up 
some of the Indian tribes who made a part of his force.* 
or because he had arranged with Gale, the agent of North 
Carolina to meet him at a "place concerted'* ('). On the 
arrival of Moore at his destination — ^probably about the 
b^inning of December 171 2, he found the same want of 
preparation for his coming, and the same want of provisions 
to support his men of which Barnwell so loudly complained. 
He had with him 33 white men, and over 900 Indians and 
was obliged to lead his force to Albemarle on the Chowan 
River in order to obtain provisions for its support. 
Prior to Moore's coming President Pollock had arranged 
with Tom Blunt the King, or Chief of the Northern Tusca- 
roras, to seize the King or Chief Hancock, said to be the head 
of the hostile Indians, and bring him alive to the President 
for the purpose of negotiating a peace. Blunt's men were 
also to destroy the Indians who participated in the massacre, 
and to bring hostages for their own good behavior. The 
truce was to last till the new year. 

The following extract from a letter of President Pollock 

•Lawson's Carolina. 

• Vol IX S. C. Hist & Gen. Mag. page 30. 
^ ibid page 31 


pathetically tells the tale of the helplessness of North Caro- 

Choan, N. C, 23 Dec. 171 2. 
"I want words to express the miserable state of this poore 
Countrey — For Coll: Moore (who is a gentleman seeming- 
ly of great worth) not finding provisions ready at Bath 
County for his forces, was necessitated w*" all his Indians 
being about nine hunder, to march into this County wher 
they must by destroying the place untill provision is carryed 
round, and men raysed here to join them. — The want of 
having provision carryed round was chiefly occasioned by 
the ignorance and obstinacy of our Assembly,"*. * * 
The Presidents anticipations of what would happen upon the 
advent of nearly 1000 savages into the Albemarle country 
seem to have been well fulfilled as appears from the fallow- 
ing extract from his letter to Governor Spotswood of 
June 15. 17 12/13 C) 

"Col: Moore w^ould lykewise willingly have come in but 
the destructione his indians make here of our Catle & Come 
is intollerable, having already eat up a great deall of the 
corne that was raysed by the Assembly to maintain the 
ware, and also destroyed all the Catle wherever they have 
come, so that some of the people here have been semingly 
more ready to ryse upe against them than march out against 
the enemy. So that he is forced to march out w** them 
intending to depart from here on Saturday next and to 
attack the Fort he was at in coming in." 
Moore accordingly did "march out," but was detained by a 
heavy fall of snow and bad weather at Fort Reading on 
the "Tar", or "Pamlico", or "Pamtico", river. At length 
however all was in readiness and on March 20**" 17 13 the In- 
dians were attacked at a Fort called on the Map above re- 
ferred to "Neoheroka," but on the plan of attack which is 
published herewith Fort "Nooherooka". This important 
plan has long been in the possession of the South Carolina 
Historical Society, but owing to the destruction of our rec- 
ords during the Confederate War, we have no information as 

• N. C. Rec. Vol 1. page 892. 
' N. C. Rec. Vol 2 page 4 

•P .-^- 


E^ cg^s^ 

1 .^w^— 

roLLStU Ay A. ii 


to how we obtained it. It is done in black and colors on parch- 
ment, but though the parchment has been backed with can- 
vas, some of the words have become illegible. From this 
plan it appears that besides Moore himself, the officers pres- 
ent were Col. Mackay,* Col. Mitchell,* Capt. Pearse, 
Capt. Maur, Capt. Cantey", Capt. Harford, Capt. 
Thurston, Capt. Hastings, Capt. Stone, and Capt. Maurice 

Of these Harford, Thurston, Hastings, Cantey, and Pierce 
are said by Hewat, Ramsey, M'^Crady, and Ashe to have 
been officers under Barnwell. His officers however were 
Mackay, Steele, Jack and Bull (Bamaby), as appears from 
his journal. The fort was attacked on March 20*** 171 3 and 
taken three days later on March 23''. It was taken by reg- 
ular approaches, and the use of artillery. The description of 
the attack, given on the plan, is as follows : 
"After the Trenches were carried on with good success and 
a Triangular Block house finished att A and a Battery att 
B so high that from them they might Fire over the Ene- 
my's Fort and Mine carried under the Enemy's works to 
C and every Person ordered to his Post ready for a Gener- 
al! Storme on Friday the 20*** March 171 2/3 about tenn of 
the clock in the Morning the mine was sprung but with 
very little Success the Powder being damnified. However 
att the sound of the Trumpet the Assault was made. Capt 
Stone with 12 white Men from L. and Capt Moore with 
his Brother (illegible) Capt Hastings Capt Harford Capt 

•Alexander Mackay, who was major in Barnweirs Expedition — 
(S. C. Hist. & Gen. Mg, vol. IX. page 30) and who had remained in 
North Carolina with a body of Yemassees. He was afterwards Lieut 
Colonel with Barnwell iiT the Yemassee war of 1715. 

•Lewis Mitchell — or Louis Michell — a Swiss gentleman, who had 
accompanied the Baron De Grafenried to North Carolina, and obtained 
with him a grant of land for the settlement of a number of Palatines, 
and Swiss at Newbern or New Berne. He was much praised by Barn- 
well and on all sides for his skill as an engineer. 

^ William Maul or Maule commanded a company of North Caro- 

"One of the Carolina family of that name, but it is uncertain 
whether he was an ancestor of the wife of General Sumter. 

"A brother of James Moore and Roger Moore. He married the 
widow of Col Swann of North Carolina, and remaining there became 
very influential. 


Thurston with other white Men and Indians from under 
cover (illegible) the creek side. Presently made them- 
selves Masters of the Enemies works from G to K with 
very little Loss of Men, Notwithstanding the Enemy Fired 
very briskly through the same Loopholes that our men 
attacked them att. Capt Maul who was ordered from the 
Mulberry Battery to make his Attack bettween D. and K 
Imagining, he had some better advantage or mistaking his 
orders marched between Bastions E and D. from which 
Bastions the Enemy made very great Fire, and of which 
Company (illegible) 20 Escaped being Killed or wounded, 
being the greatest Loss sustained dureing the attack. 
Capt Canty from the Yamasee Battery was ordered to at- 
tack the same place which Capt Moore was ordered to, 
Seeing Capt Moore was gon on the wrong side off the 
Bastion and that his Indians did not come up readily went 
to the Commander in chief who was in the Battery B. [ 

(Two lines here illegible) 
wounded] immediately followed with the same Story and 
added that unles he was relieved they would all perish; 
Coll Moore immediately ordered to make all the Fire that 
could be made from Battery B upon the two Bastions E 
and D. and Capt Maul retreated. At the same time Coll: 
Moore observing that the small Lodgment made on the 
Ennemys work att G. was not sufficient to shelter above 
three Men he (illegible) spades to them with which they 
(illegible) to the Northeast capable to shelter a great 
number from the Fire of the Enemy made from F. and 
then commanded the work K to be set on Fire ; from thence 
the Commander in Chiefe went to Capt Hastings who be- 
haved himself very bravely att G. and ordered Fire putt 
(illegible) and by the next morning that was (illegible) 
with the Bastion of Block house F. and several houses 
within the Fort. 

The Enemy made verry great resistance and chose rather 
to perish by Fire with' the Bastion than to retreat in the 
Caves made under ground from whence some haveing time- 
ly made their Retreat and gott in the Caves did verry much 
mischief the next day and part of the Day following about 


tenn of the Qock we were entirely Masters of itt the last 
place which was held out being the wattering place J. which 
some of the Enemy had Fortified more strongly after the 
Fort had ben sett on Fire. 

T. N. this Action is computed by our enemies on Account 
their least Loss was two hundred and seventy of their 
Briskest men besides others aged and young Fellows. And 
with what prisoners were taken their whole Loss cannot 
be Less than Eight hundred. 

Loss on our side. Twenty two white men killed, Thirty 
six white men wounded, whereof twelve Killed fifteen 
wounded of Capt Maul's company (illegible) Indians 
Killed Fifty Eight 


The following letter was written by the Colonel to President 
Pollock just after the battle. It will be seen that his style 
is concise, and his spelling not much worse than BamweH's, 
and scarcely better than the Duke of Marlborough's, the 
greatest soldier of the time. 

27 March 17 13. 

Ye 20*" of this instant I attack No-ho-ro-co fort, on C — 
Creek & ye 23* In ye morning took itt, with ye Loss of 22 
white men & 24 more wound' ed — 35 Indians Kill'd & 58 
wound'ed — Most of ye Damage wee Rece* after wee had 
Gott ye fort to ye Ground, which we Did in ye first 3. 
hours — I have little else to advise y' Hon" but that ye 
Q" of ye Enemies Destroyed is as follows — Prisoners 
392, Scolps 192, out of ye sd : fort — & att Least 200 Kill'd 
& Burnt In ye fort— & 166 Kill'd & taken out of ye fort 
on ye Scout, which is all; but My Servis to Capt: Jones, 
from your Hon ob** Serv* 

Ja: Moore. 

After the taking of the fort all of Moore's Indians except 
about 180 returned to South Carolina to sell their captives 


as slaves. Moore however offered to remain and give his 
"service for the defence of the Country." 
The Tuscaroras awed by the terrible loss they had sus- 
tained abandoned their other fort called Cohunche and 
situated at Hancock's town, and retreating northward 
joined the well known "Five Nations'' at the North, which 
were afterwards known as the "Six Nations." Another treaty 
was then made with Blunt which left only the feeble tribes 
of Cores, Matamuskeets and Cotechneys to be dealt with. 
Against these Moore marched with the remnant of his army, 
and they were soon dispersed and driven away. 
In September 17 13 Moore having completed his task re- 
turned to South Carolina bearing a letter from President 
Pollock in which Governor Craven is assured that he was 
the "Guardian Angel to free and deliver us from our cruel 
and deceitful enemies" and that "Col. Moore ever since his 
arrival here hath behaved himself nobly and gallantly". 
The well deserved honors given to the Colonel on his return 
to South Carolina are set forth in the extracts from the Com- 
mons Journal. Just after the taking of the Fort by Moore, 
his brother Maurice Moore seems to have returned to South 
Carolina, and letters were sent to Craven asking for rein- 
forcements. The route taken by them under the command 
of Maurice Moore is marked on the map with those of Barn- 
wel and James Moore. This force may never have 
reached its destination, for Pollock finding that the Tus- 
caroras had gone, either stopt them on the way or at- 
tempted to do so, for which he seems to have been roundly 
taken to task by Governor Craven." 

It is pleasant to turn from the sore straits of the hardly 
pressed Government of North Carolina during this war to 
their generous conduct when peace was restored, and their 
own affairs seem to have been in better condition. The 
Yemassee Indians, who had been the mainstay of both Barn- 
well and Moore broke out in 171 5 into fearful conflict with 
the people of South Carolina. The settlements around Port 
Royal were almost exterminated, and the inhabitants of 

" N. C. Rec, vol. 1, p. 59. 


that island were only saved by taking ship to Charleston. In 
this extremity the Southern Colony needed aid, and it was 
Maurice Moore who with 50 white men from North Carolina 
came over to Charleston and marched with them not only to 
Augusta, but far into the Country of the Appalachees. This 
old map hidden away in the English archives for so many 
years fitly joins together the generous and gallant deeds 
of two feeble colonies — deeds which should not be forgotten 
to-day when the colonies have grown to be powerful states. 

Journal Commons House of Assembly (MS.), Wednesday, 
August 6, 1712, pp. 90-91 of (copy 1712-1716; pp. 73- 
74 of original journal (now missing). 

A message from the Governor and Council by Thos. Hepworth, 
Esqr., who acquainted the House that the Governor & Council required 
the attendance of this House immediately. 

Accordingly the whole House waited on the Govr. & Council. 

The House being returned Mr. Speaker acquainted the House that 
the Governor had made a speech to the House, which to prevent mis- 
takes, he had delivered to him in writing. 

Ordered : 

That the said Speech be read, which was read accordingly, in fol- 
lowing words, vizt. 

Mr. Speaker & Gentlemen: 

Another Massacre hath been committed by the Indians on the 
people of North Carolina: that government now implores our help by 
their agent, Mr. Foster : What we have already done, and the return 
they have made, might discourage us from giving them any further 
assistance, but we act upon nobler principles, than to involve the In- 
nocent with the Guilty and I believe a more healing temper is now 
amongst them; immediate danger makes men wise, opens their eyes 
to consult their own safety, let us join with them in their preservation, 
afford that aid they desire, then we have done our duty and they must 
blame themselves, if they neglect the opportunity put into their hands. 

The secret pleasure of doing good is mexpressable, to succor our dis- 
tressed brethren, to save our sister colony from a barbarous Enemy, 
are actions truly Christian & Heroic, & will stand recorded to all Pos- 

The four thousand pounds raised for the expedition against the Tus- 
queroras, and appropriated by Act of Assembly solely for that purpose, 
is not wholly expended, and I hope there still remains a sufficient sum 
to terminate this war & exturpate a savage people with whom no peace 
can be made, this work well done, I believe we are all sensible how 
advantageous 'twill be to our Province. 

Tis for these reasons, Gentlemen, that I summoned you to meet, that 
the most proper & safest methods might be thought of, both for our 
fellow subjects, and ourselves: 

The wise man tells us "that in the multitude of Councillrs, there is 
safety and I doubt not to experience the truth of it, from the result 
of your consultations. 

Nothing but so extraordinary an occasion as this should have per- 


suaded me to call you at this season of the year, when the sun is so 
near us; Therefore I hope you will give a speedy dispatch to what 
business you may think necessary to be done that we may each of 
us retire to our several Homes & enjoy the benefit of the Shade. 

Charles Craven. 


That it lye upon the Table until the afternoon to be considered by 
the members of this House. 

Ibid., afternoon session, Wednesday, August 6, 1712, pp. 
93-97 of original journal; (Original Journal pp. 78- 

A Message from the Govr. & Council by Thos. Hep worth Esq who 
brought the following message in writing 

Gentlemen : 
The private instructions of Mr. Foster received & signed by 
Governor Hyde, we send you with this, upon which he grounded that 
address he delivered to you this day, indeed his credentials are short 
and not regular, but we attribute that to the circumstances they are 
under, some charges he was to answer, if any complaint was made 
by Col. Barnwell either on the Govr. or Governmt., but no such thing 
appearing before us in public manner, we look only upon the means 
how to succor them, and therein must desire your assistance, that noth- 
ing may be wanting on our parts to save them and secure the pro- 
vince to the Lords proprs. 

Charles Craven. 

[Foster's Instructions follow covering pp. 94-96 of copy of Journal, 
79-82 of original.] 

That the said Message be read, which was read accordingly, as 
also the said Instructions. 

Ordered: That Mr. Saml. Wragg & Henry Wigington, Esq., carry the 
following Message to the Govr. & Council. 
May it please your Hours. 

The House of Commons is ready to concur with you in prosecuting 
the most speedy means for the relief of the Govrnmt & People of 
North Carolina, & in order thereto this House prays a grand confer- 
ence of both House this evening at such place as your Honr shall di- 

Who being returned informed the House That they have delivered 
the Message of this House to the Govr & Council. 

A Message from the Govr. & Council by Thos. Hepworth Esqr. who 
informed the House that the Govr. & Council were ready to meet 
this House immediately in a Grand conference at the House of Mr. 
George Haddrell. 

Mr. Speaker & the whole House went then, to wait upon the Govr. 
& Council at the Grand Conference. 

The House being returned, Mr. Speaker adjourned the House to the 
morrow morning 9 o'the clock 

Ibid., Thursday, August 7, 1712, pp. 97-99 of copy, 83- 
85 of Original. 


The House mett according to adjournment. 

A Message from the Govr. & Council by Thos. Hcpworth, Esqr. who 
laid before the House, the minutes of the Grand Conference taken yes- 

Ordered: That Col. John Fenwick & Mr. Benj. Godin be a Com- 
mittee to advise with Col. John Barnwell about ways & means further 
to assist the people of North Carolina against the Tusqueroras, and that 
they make their report thereon to this House this afternoon. 

Col. Jno. Fenwick Reported from the Committee aforesaid, that they 
had advised with Col. Barnwell on the best ways and means to assist 
the Inhabitants of North Carolina, and were come to resolutions there- 
on, which he read in his place and afterwards delivered in at the 

The Committee appointed to advise with Col. Barnwell about the 
ways & means further to assistance the people of North Carolina 
against the Tusquerora Indians, do report his opinion to be as follows. 

That it is absolutely necessary to prosecute the war we have begun, 
by encouraging as many of our Indians as we can conveniently, but 
more escpecially the Wachamau and Cape Fear Indians with only a 
few Traders to encourage and lead them on, and that it is also neces- 
sary there should be a commander in chief, & that he be sent to North 
Carolina, there to prepare matters against the arrival of our Indians, 
who shall be ordered all to meet at Barnwell's fort, there to join the 
forces of North Carolina, and proceed according to the directions of 
the Commander in chief, & farther, that the traders having liberty to 
trade with our Indians will be a sufficient encouragement without any 
further gratification from the Publick, and that the Indians be en- 
couraged by giving them ammunition & paying them as before for 
every scalp, otherwise they will not kill many of their enemy. It's further 
his opinion that our Indians will never of themselves attempt the taking 
of any fort, without they be led on by a considerable number of white 
men; & further he is of opinion that its morally impossible to totally 
destroy the enemy in a considerable time, but that the Governmt. there 
may take this opportunity while our forces are there of making a firm 
& lasting peace which will be much for their interest. 

Ordered: That it lye upon the Table to be considered in the after- 

The House adjourned to the afternoon three o'the clock. 

In the afternoon the House mett according to adjournment. 

ORDERED: That Col. George Logan & Col. Jno. Fenwick wait 
upon the Governor & Council & acquaint them that this House desires 
their Hours, to appoint a committee of their House to join a committee 
of this House in order to inquire of Col. Danl. if he be willing to go 
commander in chief of the forces to be raised against the Tusquerora 
Indians, and also to treat with him in case he be willing to accept a 
charge, on what terms he will undertake the same. 

Ordered: That Col. George Logan & Col. Jno. Fenwick be a com- 
mittee to that purpose. 

Col. George Logan reported from the Committee of the Upper House 
in order to discourse & treat with Col. Robert Daniel on the terms of 
heading our forces against the Tusqueroras, that they had joined the 
said committee & with them discoursed & treated with Col. Daniel ac- 
cording to the Instructions given them by this House, who answered 
them that he was willing to head our forces against the Tusqueroras, 
but that the terms on which the said Col. Daniel insisted as his reward 
for the same were so very large & extravagant that they could not any 
way agree to the same, upon which the conference broke up. 


And the House entering into a further debate on the choice of a 
fitt person to head our forces designed for the assistance of North 

Col. Alexr Parris proposed Capt Robt. Lorey as a suitable person 
for that expedition : And it being put to the vote whether Capt. Robert 
Lorey should be commander in chief of the forces to be sent to North 

Carried in the affirmative, nemine contra dicente. 

Resolved : 

That Capt. Robert Lorey be Commander in Chief of the forces to 
be sent by this Govemt. for the relief of North Carolina. 

Ordered: That Col. George Logan & Col. Jno. Fenwick wait upon 
the Govr. & Council & acquaint them that this House has made choice 
of Capt. Robt. Lorey to be commander in chief of the forces to be 
sent by this Govemt. for the relief of North Carolina. 

Col. George Logan & Col. Fenwick being returned acquainted the 
House that they had delivered the Message of the House to the Govr. 
& Council. 

Ibid., Friday August 8, 1712, pp. 101-102 of copy; pp. 87-8 
of Original. 

The House resuming the Debate on the affairs of North Carolina, 
and the assistance of that Government again implore from hence. 

Resolved : That this House will again assist their Brethren of North 
Carolina & prosecute the war against the Tusqueroras by applying the 
money yet unexpended of the sum of £4,000 raised for the relief of that 

Ordered : That an ordinance be drawn up for that purpose & that 
Henry Wigington Esqr. prepare & bring the same into the House this 

A Message from the Govr. & Council by Thos. Hepworth Esqr. with 
a written Message. 


We think you have nominated a very proper person in the room 
of Col. Parris, & we readily join with you in the choice 

Charles Craven 

Afternoon session. 

A Message from the Govr. & Council by Thos. Hepworth Esq. with 
a written Message. 

We have no exception against Capt Lorey either as to his 
courage or conduct, but not being a person acquainted with the way 
& manner of Indian warr, we believe a more proper officer may be 
thought of for this occasion. 

Charles Craven 

Wee have left the blank unfilled, who shall be Commander of 
our forces, we send you the names of two persons who we think in 
every respect qualified for this expedition. Col. Jno. Fenwick & Mr 
James Moore, in the choice of either of these gentlemen, you will have 
our approbation. 

Charles Craven. 


Henry Wigington Esqr. accoding to order brought in an ordinance 
for applying the remainder of the sum of £4000. aforesaid for the 
prosecution of the Warr against the Tusqueroras. 

Ordered: That the said ordinance be read, which was read accord- 
ingly and passed. 

Ordered: That Col. George Logan & Heniy Wigington Esqr. carry 
the foregoing ordinance to the Govr. & Council for their concurrence & 

Col. Geo Logan & Henry Wigington Esqr being returned acquainted 
the House that they had delivered the ordinance to the Govr & Council 

Ibid., Thursday, November 20, 1712, pp. 109-110 of copy, 
93-94 oi original. 

A Message from the Govr. & Council by Thos. Hepworth Esqr. who 
acquainted this House that the Govr. & Council required this House to 
attend them immediately. 

Accordingly Mr. Speaker & the whole House went to wait upon the 
Governor and Council. 

The House being returned, Mr. Speaker informed the House that the 
Governor had made a speech to the House, which to prevent mistakes 
he had delivered him in writing. 

Ordered: That the Govrs. speech be read, which was read accord- 


At the ending of the last Session of Parliament you were 
pleased to intrust me with the management of your money toward the 
carrying on the warr against the Tusqueroras; that I may not abuse 
the confidence you placed in me, I think myself obliged to acquaint 
you that I have endeavored to husband it after the best manner, and 
that nothing might be committed on my part towards answering the 
charitable end for which it was given easily induced me to go myself 
to the Congrees, the place appointed for the rendezvous of our army 
to encourage our men & likewise to see that neither provisions, arms 
or ammunition were wanting. 

I cannot say there were so many Indians as I expected and was 
assured me by my Letters, but I believe a sufficient Body to put a good 
end to the War, if the North Carolinians join heartily with our Arms 
and exert themselves in their own defence. 

The failure in our number of forces is wholly owing to some of our 
traders, the discouragement they gave the Indians contrary to my 
orders, prevailed on several to stay at home, and others to go to war 
where they thought fitt, this is the highest contempt that can be shown 
to the Government, and what is more a growing Evil & of so per- 
nicious a consequence, that if not timely prevented will endanger the 
safety of this province. I earnestly recommend this matter to your 
serious consideration, that some effectual means may be thought of to 
stop this mischief, that since we have such profligate wretches amongst 
us, that for sordid gain would betray their country, they may by whole- 
some severities receive the punishment due to their crime. 

Ibid., Friday, November 21, 171 2, pp. 111-112 of copy, 
pp. 95-6 of original. 


To the Rt. Honble. Charles Craven, Esqr. Governr &c. 
May it please your Hornr. 

The great satisfaction which we the Commons 
House of Assembly have received on all former occasions in meeting 
with your Honr. is at present heightened to a very high degree by 
reason of the new and signal instances which your Honr. hath been 
pleased to give us, and the whole Colony of that parental regard which 
hath been remarkable in all your actions since your arrival among us. 
And in a particular manner we do with all respect & sincerity lay our 
grateful acknowledgments before your Honr. for the great frugality, 
care & fatigue which you have undergone in sending relief to North 
Carolina by enduring many hardships, & breaking through all rules 
necessary for the presrvation of health, to accomplish this good de- 
sign. Your Honr. hath further confimed us in our opinion that you 
prefer the true ends of Governmt., before any personal danger or satis- 
faction whatever. Not only we who have the happiness to be under 
the immediate influences of your government, have experienced the 
good effects of your equity, but a charity and benevolence truly Chris- 
tian & great, you have protected those who were left victims to the 
savage assassins by others who are more nearly concerned. Wherever 
human misery, or the distress of any British is the object, your Honr. 
does not think yourself disengaged, & sit with an indolent mind as a 
Spectator unconcerned. And we are sorry & amazed that they to whom 
God hath given greater power & opportunities, should be so deficient 
in giving that assistance, which was ever due to human nature, and 
that any who have British blood in their veins should regard the de- 
struction of their neighbors as a Tragedy on a Theatre. This does not 
however create in us the least doubt, but that by the assistance of 
Heaven, your Honrs. indefatigable care & diligence, & the cheerful 
assistance of this Loyal Industrious & Dutiful Colony, a happy and 
desirable issue will soon be put to that unfortunate affair. We further 
thank your Honr. for putting us in mind of so many things necessary 
for the safety & prosperity of this Province, all which we shall take 
into due consideration 

Ibid., Tuesday, November 17, 1713, p. 181, of copy, p. 170 
of original Extract from Governor Craven's Message. 

I am likewise to inform you that Col. Moore is returned from the 
expidition against the Tusquerora's, in which he had the Honr. after 
many disappointments and very great oppositions to relieve our breth- 
ren of North Carolina and effectually subdue those Rebels 

And as we can not but be extremely well satisfied with his conduct 
in that affair, and that he has, by repairing the faults of others, hon- 
ourable acquitted himself of the Trust we reposed in him; so we can 
do no less than demonstrate that satisfaction by a Public Thanks & 

Journal C. H. of A, Page 183, of copy, p. 171 of Original. 

On reading the fifth paragraph of the Govrs. Speech relating to Col. 

Ordered: That Col. James Moore be desired by a letter under Mr. 
Speaker's hand to lay before the House, the Journal of his proceedings 
in the late War against the Rebels of North Carolina C*) 

" Will his journal be found, as that of Barnwell was, after nearly 
200' years ? 


Ibid., Thursday, December 3, 1713, Page 195 of copy, 180 
of original. 

Ordered : 
That Col. James Moore's Journal be read, which was read accord- 
ingly : 

And upon reading the same, together with a Letter sent to him by 
Col. Thorns. Pollock, President of North Carolina: 

Resolved : 
That the thanks of this House be given to Col. James Moore for 
his great services in the late expedition against the Indian Enemies 
of North Carolina, and that Col. Robert Daniell & Maj. Geo. Evans 
acquaint him therewith 

Ordered : 
That the sum of One hundred Pounds, current money be paid out 
of the Publick Treasury unto Col. James Moore, as a further reward 
for his said services, over and above what is already allowed him from 
the Publick for the same; and that Col. Robert Daniell & Majr Geo. 
Evans acquaint him therewith 

Ibid., Saturday, December 5, 1713, Page 205 of copy, p. 
190 of original. 

Col. Robt. Daniell acquainted the House that Col. James Moore is 
in Town, and he and Majr. Geo. Evans being ordered by this House 
to give him the thanks of the same. 

Ordered : 

That Col. Robert Daniell & Maj. Geo. Evans give him the thanks 
of this House in the following words 


The Commons of this Genl. Assembly being justly acquainted with 
the happy success of the Forces under your command in the late In- 
dian War against those formidable Rebels of North Carolina and how 
much that success (under the Providence of God) is owing to your 
prudent conduct, & intreuid valor and resolution; Have therefore sent 
us to wait on you with their thanks for those and eminent services; 
and as well to congratulate with you on an occasion which adds no less 
glory to yourself, than reputation to the arms of this Province, as to 
acknowledge that you have fully answered their expectations, and 
acquitted yourself of the Trust reposed in you (both as a soldier and 
General) with the utmost discretion & bravery; As also to assure 
you, that they will always retain a grateful remembrance of the Great 
things you have done in their service; and that they have appointed 
you a present of One hundred pounds as a farther instance of their 
esteem and satisfaction 

Col. Robert Daniel & Majr. Geo. Evans, reported to the House that 
(according to order) they had given Col. James Moore the Thanks of 
this House, and farther delivered to him what they had in charge ; Who 
expressed himself highly satisfied with the Honour & favour done him 
by this House, to whom he returns thanks for the same. 

Ibid., Thursday, May 13, 1714, page 257 of copy, p. 230 of 
Ordered : 


That the Publick, Receiver for the time being pay out of the 
Publick Treasury, the sum of sixteen for the use of four Indians that 
signah'zed themselves fn the late expedition against the Indian Enemies 
of North Carolina and that the Rt. Honl. the Governor or Col. James 
Moore have the disposal and distribution of the said sum amongst 
those Indians, and draw on the said Publick Receiver for the same. 

Ibid., Tuesday, June 8, 1714* page 274 of copy, original, 
page 240. 


* * * The Petition of Theophilus Hastings, and the Peticon 
of Cornelius Sullivant, relating to their several Publick services in 
North Carolina: 

These were referred to a committee for report. 


Addressed: James Laurens Esq'. 

to the Care of Mess Neufville 

24 October, 1776. 
My Dear Uncle 

Last night I had the pleasure of forwarding you a letter 
from my Father — the substance of what he writes to me 
dated 14*^ August, is as follows, & I shall be more par- 
ticular as in a P. S. of 17*"*. my Father mentions his being 
unable to write fully to you. 

i" My Letters by M'. Reid 
are acknowledged; that sent by way of Virginia, miscar- 
ried — Speaking of his Journey to Georgia my Father says, 
"at W. Savannah, B. Island, and N. Hope I found that 
amon* of thirteen hundred barrels of Rice — ^which I caused 
to be removed to places less exposed — where that great 
value still remains — the Georgians for the most part were 
hearty in the Cause of Liberty, none more so than the 
Mclntoshes — Lachlan is Colonel of a Regiment upon Con- 
tinental Establishm* his sons are Subalterns; his Brother 
Captain of Rangers, in a word the Country is Military. 

My Negroes there are to a Man attached to me, so are 
all of mine in this Country — not one has attempted to de- 
sert, many hundreds of that Colour have been stolen by 
the Servants of K. G. 3*. You know my Dear Son I abhor 
Slavery, I was born in a Country in which Slavery had been 
established by British parliaments and the Laws of the 
Country for Ages before my Existence — I found the 

'This letter contains a long quotation from a letter of Henry Lau- 
rens to his son John, and is of the same period but of later date, than 
the series of letters printed in volumes 3, 4, & 5 of this magazine. 


Christian Religion and Slavery growing under the same 
Authority and Cultivation. I nevertheless dislike it — in 
former days there was no combatting the prejudices of Men, 
supported by Interest — the day I hope is approaching, when 
from principles of Gratitude and Justice, every Man will 
strive to be foremost in complying with the Golden Rule. 
£20000 Stg. would my Negroes produce if sold at Auction 
tomorrow — I am not the man who enslaved them, they 
are indebted to Englishmen for that favour, nevertheless 
I am devising means for manumitting many of them and 
for cutting off the Entail of Slavery, great Powers oppose 
me, the Laws and Customs of my Country, my own and 
the avarice of my Countrymen — what will my Children 
say if I deprive them of so much Estate? these are difficul- 
ties but not insuperable. I hope to receive your advice 
and Assistance in this affair in good Time. 
I finished my Journay going round by Mepkin, and 
returned the i". June, half an hour after I enter'd 
my House Intelligence was brot of the Fleet at Anchor 
without the Bar — Upon the tremendous Range of 55 Sail 
of Hostile Ships — I thought it my Duty to add to the 
Dignity of V. President of the Colony (now State) the 
several offices of Engineer, Superintendent of works, &c. 
I who you know had resolved never again to mount a 
Horse, I who thought it impossible for me to gallop five 
miles in a day, was seen for a month and more on the back 
of a lively Nag at J4 past 4 in the morning sometimes gal- 
loping 20 miles before Breakfast, and often sitting the 
Horse 14 Hours in 18 — and I have recounted all this par- 
ticularly that you may judge of my Health — The presi- 
dent was as active and useful as a Man could be, all except 
a few Tories, and a few of a worse Stamp whom I call 
property Men, shewed a true Love of Country — Chas. Town 
was soon inclosed with Lines, trenches and Redoubts, the 
Wharves were cleared of all Incumbrances, Streets barri- 
caded, Retrenchments within. Batteries erected at practica- 
ble Landings above the Town — Thousands came in from 
the Country from N. Carolina and Virginia — Gen'. Lee, 


and the Brigadier Armstrong and Howe (to all of whom 
we are much indebted,) arrived at a Critical time — Lee 
was at first sight displeased with Fort Sulivant, and was 
for abandoning it — however that could not be done without 
Loss of the Stores, he advised some Amendments, gave 
Orders and his presence in the beginning of the Action, 
to which if we do not altogether owe the honor of the 28*^ 
June, we are certainly greatly indebted. At the approach of 
the ships, the Rampart and parapet of Ft. Johnston, where 
Coir Gadsden commanded were cover'd by Officers and 
Soldiers, anxious for the Sister Fortress, and ready to 
second her EflForts — the Batteries round the Town were 
mann'd. Guns loaded &c troops of Regulars and Militia 
properly stationed to oppose Landing, Engines at proper 
Places for extinguishing Fires in the Town — every ap- 
pearance of a Determination to give Gen' Grant the Lie, it 
was the fortune of his old Friend Will Moultrie to speak 
first, and he monopolized the Glory of the day. The Active 
was the last of the Enemy's Fleet on the Coast — she went 
with a Tendor to Bull's Island landed 40 white and 20 
black men, kill'd by platoon firing a few head of Cattle, 
augmented their black Guards by stealing Six Negroes; 
and went off — After the Attack on SuUivant's Island 
seconded by the Ravages and Murders in our West Fron- 
tier by the Cherokee Indians I believe there were few Men 
who had not lost all Inclination for renewing our former 
Connexion with your King &c — On the 2* 

Inst, a Courier arrived from Philadelphia and brought a 
Declaration of the 4'* July — by the Representatives of 
the 13 United Colonies, that from thence forward they 
should be "free and independent States;" this was pro- 
claimed in C. Town with great Solemnity attended by a 
Procession of President, Councils, Genls. Assembly, Offi- 
cers Civil and Military — amidst loud Acclamations of Thou- 
sands. The Sword of State which I have seen Unsheathed 
in Declarations of War against France was unsheathed and 
borne in a Declaration of War against Geo. 3*. 

The Indians and particularly the Cherokees had amus'd 


US by Talks — but suddenly the treacherous Devils headed 
by White Men and pushed on by Ministerial Agents made 
an Inroad upon our Settlements burn*d several Houses and 
Murder'd about Sixty Persons chiefly Women and Children. 
Coir. Andrew Williamson in South, Brigadier Rutherford 
in North Carolina and a large Command in Virginia 
marche'd against the Savages, we are not informed what 
Rutherford and the Virginians have done — Coir. William- 
son has driven back the Indians of the lower Townes, kill'd 
as many as could be come at, and has taken among pris- 
oners no less than 15 White men — he has destroyed Senneca, 
Warachy, Estatohee, Keowee and Sugar Town; at the 
Entrance of Senecca, Coir. Williamson suflfer'd from an 
Ambuscade, his Horse was kilFd under him by two Shot. 
M' Salvador whose Death is universally regretted was 
kiird by his side, eight Men wounded, two of whom soon 
died. He nevertheless rallied his Troops attak'd the Sav- 
ages, and beat them out of their Town, a Town 4 Miles 
long, after destroying which, he proceeded on his March — 

The Insurrections of the back Country have been happily 
querd, hundreds of prisoners instructed in the nature of the 
Dispute with the Mother Country — converted and sent 
home — Some of the most tenacious, and some whose In- 
fluence made them of Consequence, have freely taken the 
Oath of fidelity to the United Colonies, and offer'd their 
sarvices as Volunteers against the Indians — 

The Rev**. M' Cooper' gave offence to his Parish and 
has been dismissed — The King's officers are confined to the 
post Masters House — Coir Howarth and the Collector are 
at large on their Parole — W". Wragg remains at his 
Plantation, lately James Brisbane and some others who 
had sign'd the Association & acknowledged the Justice of 
the American Cause, but refus'd to do any Thing which 
might endanger thir property in case of Conquest by the 
English, these Property Men were sent to Cheraw Goal. 
The Success of 28''' June made some Converts, and those 
Gentlemen in particular advanced so far as to consent to bear 

* Rector of St. Michaels. 


arms, take the Test Oath &c but still under the Obedience, 
to avail themselves of the Plea of Compulsion and save 
Property — Such Men deserve no Station of Honour on 
either Side — I have no pity for them, while I sincerely 
commiserate every suffering Candid Man tho my Enemy. 

Mrs. Stuart Wife of the Cruel Superintendent who had 
no Pity for Innocent Women and Children in the 
back Country — has been set at Liberty the View of con- 
fining her being only to prevent if possible the Blow in the 
Back Country — " 

I have just Room to add with inexpressible Joy 
that my dear Father has given me Leave to return, and 
that I am preparing to revisit my native Soil — Upon that 
Subject and others of great Consequence I wish to have 
some conversation with my Dear Uncle — and I shall make 
some proposals for an Interview in my next — My Love 
to you all from your affectionate 

J. Laurens. 
Well's Acco*. of the Action is republish'd in the English 

M" Parsons desires as a very great Favour to have some 
Money advanced to her here, to be repai'd by her Brother 
in Carolina — She complains of being in very great Want. 
Endorsed : John Laurens 

London 24 Octob'. 1776 

w'^ Extracts from H — L's 

Letter Aug"* 1776. 




[Charleston Probate Court.. Book 1754-1758, p. 301.] 

In obedience to your Commands to acquaint you with 
all that I know or have heard concerning any Surrender of 
the Country of the Cherokees to the Crown of Great 
Britain in 1729 or at any other time, and also anything 
relative to any Surrender or sale of all or any part of 
Their Lands at any time before or since I have lived 
among them I take the liberty to lay before you the fol- 
lowing Memorial In which I have been careful to Insert 
nothing but what I know to be true and what I am ready 
to attest upon Oath. 

It is about thirty year's since I went into the Cherokee 
Country where I have resided ever Since, during that time I 
have Corresponded with the several Governours of this Pro- 
vince. And I have directions to communicate all occurrences 
of any Consequence or what ever was Proper the Gov- 
ernment should be made acquainted with. And agreably 
there to I have often written & sometimes received letters 
from them. I have also been acquainted with the headmen 
in every part of the Nation, and as I speak their language 
I have been often Consulted by them about their affairs, 
and I flatter myself I have thereby had opportunity of serv- 
ing my Country by explaining things & preventing misun- 
derstandings. — I may therefore Say with great certainty 
that if ever there had been any such Surrender I must have 
heard of it, but I never head of any such thing, nor do I 
believe that Such thing was ever proposed to them till 
lately. I fancy the transaction alluded to is what happened 
when *Sir Alexander Comings was in the Cherokees. Or 

* The sketch of Sir Alexander Cuming, or Cumming, in the Diction- 
ary of National Biography, calls him chi^ef of the Cherokees, and states 
that: In 1729 he was led, by a dream of his wife's, to undertake a 
voyage to America, with the object of visiting the Cherokee mountains 


when he carried over 6 or 7 of them to London tho it did 
not happen in the year 1729 but in the following year. And 
as I know more of that matter than any man now living 
I shall lay before you a full account of it. Sir Alexander 
had resided sometime in Carolina, and intending to return 
to England, he was desirous first to see the Cherokee coun- 
try. I resided then in the town of great Telliguo in that 
nation, And my business calling me to Charlestown I had 
got the length of Keowee which is about 150 Miles from 
where I live and I there met with Sir Alexander just ar- 
rived from Carolina. He acquainted me and some of the 
other Traders who where going down that He had no 
Errancf but to see the Country And that he would continue 
there but a few days requesting us to return with him, 

on the borders of South Carolina and Virginia. He left England 13 
Sept., arrived at Charles Town Dec. 5, and on March 11 following 
he began his journey to the Indian's country. April 3, 1730 he was 
**by the unamious consent of the people he was made lawgiver, com- 
mander, leader, and chief of the Cherokee nation, and witness of the 
power of God, at a general meeting at Nequisee [Nequasse], in the 
Cherokee mountains." . . . Extracts from his journal, giving an account 
of his transactions with the Indians and his explorations in the Cherokee 
mountains, were published in the London Daily Journal, of Oct. 8, 
1730. He returned to Charles Town April 13, 1730, accompanied by 
seven Indian Chiefs of the Cherokee nation, and on June 5, arrived 
at Dover in the Fox man-of-war; on the 18th he was allowed to 
present the chiefs to George II in the royal chapel at Windsor, and 
four days later laid his crown at the feet of the king, when the chiefs 
laid also their four scalps to show their superiority over their enemies, 
and five eagle tails as emblems of victory (Daily Journal, June 8, 12. 
and 20, 1730). The proceedings of the chiefs while in England excited 
the greatest interest (see Daily Journal and Daily Post, June to Octo- 
ber 1730, passim). Shortly before they returned to their country, 
Cuming drew up an 'Agreement of Peace and Friendship,' which he 
signed with them on 29 Sept. at his lodgings in Spring Gardens, in the 
name of the Brhish nation, and with the approval of the board of 
trade By this time some reports seriously affecting Cuming's charac- 
ter had reached England. In a letter from South Carolina, bearing date 
12 June 1730, an extract from which is given in the Eccho, or Edinburgh 
Weekly Journal, for 16 Sept., he is directly accused of having defrauded 
the settlers of large sums of money and other property by means of 
fictitious promissory notes. He does not seem to have made any 
answer to these charges, which, if true, would explain his subsequent 
ill-success and poverty. The government turned a deaf ear to all of his 
proposals, which included schemes for paying off eighty millions of 
the national debt by settling three million Jewish families in the Chero- 
kee mountains to cultivate the land, and for relieving the American 
colonies from Taxation by establishing numerous banks and a local 


and accompany him which accordingly we aggreed to do. 
We dined that day all together at the house of Joseph 
Baker Trader in Keowee and at dinner some of the Traders 
mentioned, that these Indians was not then in the best 
disposition. At night Wee went to the Town house where 
all the Indians men & women met every night' when They 
are not out hunting even the Headmen go there to partake 
of the diversion. After we had continued some time there 
Sir Alexander made a Speech, to the head men of the Town, 
Which I remember perfectly well having had occasion to 
hear him repeat the same Speech in every Town we went 
through. Viz that he was one of the Great King Georges 
Children but was not sent either by the Great King or any 
of his Governors — that he was no public person and only 
came for his own private Satisfaction to see their Country, 
And that he would Drink the King's health hopeing that 
all persons would pledge him which he accordingly did 
upon his knee desiring us to follow his Example and Wee 
Desired the Indians to do so. Upon which Sir Alexander 
said it was easy to make them all good Subjects, but I 
must not omit a Circumstance pretty Extraordinary, Sir 
Alexander carried with him into the Town house his Gun, 
his Cutlass and a pair of pistols, and one of the Traders 
telling that the Indians never came there armed, and did not 
Hke that any should, He answered with a Wild look, that 
his intention was if any of the Indians had refused the 
King's health to have taken a brand out of the fire that 
Burns in the middle* of the room and have set fire to the 
house. That he would have guarded the door himself and 
put to death every one that endeavored to make their Es- 
cape that they might have all been consumed to ashes. 
This strange speech which I and the other Traders heard 
him make, did not give some of them who were to have 
been of the party a very favourable opinion of him, so 
they concluded it would be saflfer for them to stay and leave 
him and me to pursue our Journey which accordingly we 
did next morning, and passing thro' all the Towns betwixt 
that and Telliguo where I lived. He seldom staid above 


two or three hours, never above a night at any place, 
whenever any Indian met us, as it is their Custom to shake 
hands — Sir Alexander would take his name down in his 
pocket book saying that he had made a Friend of him. 
From TelHguo we rode over to Tannassee and afterwards 
returnecT^y Neguasae Where several Traders met us and 
a good many Indians. Sir Alexander had been informed of 
all the Ceremonies that are used in making a head beloved 
man, of which there are a great many in this nation. They 
are called Ouka, and as we translate that word King, so 
we call the Cap the he wears upon that occasion his Crown, 
it resembles a wig and is made of Possum's hair Dyed Red 
or Yellow, Sir Alexander w-as very desirous to see one of 
them, and there being none at that Town One was sent for 
to some other Town, He Expressed Great Satisfaction at 
Seeing of it, and he told the Indians that he would carry 
it to England and give it to the gjeat King George, He 
again repeated what he had said at Keowee and the other 
Towns. That he was one of King George's Children and 
came to see their Country, that he was soon going over 
the Great Water and if any of them would go with him to 
see England he would Carry them — this, was what passed 
at that meeing, I was there present the whole time and am 
positive that there was not the least word spoke about 
Surrendering any lands. I know all the people that went 
over to England well, I know they had no Commission 
of authority from the Nation to give away any of their 
land, and I know they had no power or right in themselves 
to do it, I was present when they returned from England 
and when the presents they Brought over with them were 
distributed and heard them make their report of all that 
they had seen but I never heard one word about their 
Surrendering their Country on the Contrary They brought 
with them a written paper or Parchment which I have seen 
and read the title of which is Articles proposed or pro- 
posals made by the Lords of Trade to the Cherokees, and 
there is the answer of the Cherokees to these proposals 
but not the least tendency towards any Surrender of the 


Land, and I shall next give an account of a Transaction 
that will put that matter out of doubt. — Some of the 
Cherokees not long after the arrival of these people were 
Guilty of great irregularitys, and had seized on many of 
the goods belonging to the Traders refusing to give satis- 
faction for the same. So that this Government was obliged 
to withdraw the trade from them, and to call all the 
Traders out of the Nation, But the Indians immediately 
applied to Virginia who instantly sent goods to supply them. 
But this Government having notice that they were to come 
in by the Catawbaw Nation sent several people to stop 
them among whom I was one. The Cherokees having then 
no other resources were obliged to make their submission 
& accordingly came into Charlestown for that purpose. 
The Government used them well, & purchased a small spot 
of ground from them near Toogaleu to build a Fort upon. 
Mr. Johnston was then Governor who had been with them 
all the time that they were in England and knew every 
Transaction relating to them there. He came out with 
them in the ship and would never certainly have purchased 
a small spot of their Land from them had they Surrendered 
the whole to his Majesty when they were in England. The 
assembly also would have scrupled paying anything for it, 
but this transaction was in Presence of the Governor, Coun- 
cil and Assembly, and happened a year or two only after the 
return of the people who had been in England. 

The next Circumstance that I shall take notice of as 
having relation to their Lands is of a very extraordinary 
nature, it is what was transacted by one 'Pryber who 

•The South-Carolina Gazette, Monday, August 15th, 1743. 
Extract of a Letter from Frederica in Georgia, 

"The Creek Indians have at last brought Mr. Priber Prisoner here; 
he is a very extraordinary Kind of a Creature; he is a little ugly 
Man, but speaks almost all Languages fluently, particularly English, 
Dutch, French, Latin and Indian; he taks very prophanely against all 
Religions, but chiefly against the Protestant; he was setting up a 
Town at the Foot of the Mountains among the Cherokees, which was 
to be a City of Refuge for all Criminals, Debtors, and Slaves who 
would fly thither from Justice or their Masters. There was a Book 
found upon him of his own Writing ready for the Press, which he 
owns and glories in, and believes it is by this Time privately printed, 
but will not tell where; it demonstrates the Manner in which the 


Called himself a German but was certainly an Agent for 
the French, He went up from Amelia Township to the 
Cherokee Nation, and lived in the Town of Telligiio, and 
being a great Scholar he soon made himself master of 
Iheir Tongue, and by his insinuating manner Indeavoured 
to gain their hearts, he trimm'd his hair in the indian man- 
ner & painted as they did going generally almost naked ex- 
cept a shirt & a Flap, he told these people that they had 
been strangely deluded, that they had been tricked out of 
a great part of their Land by the English, That for the 
future they should make no Concession to them of any kind 
but should profess an equal regard both for the French & 
English, and should trade with both upon the same footing, 
which would be their greatest security for they would then 
be courted & caressed & receive presents from both. This 
Doctrine was very taking among the Indians as he en- 
deavoured that all he said should be. He proposed to them 
a new System or plan of Government, That all things 
should be in common amongst them, that even their Wives 
should be so and that the Children should be looked upon as 
the Children of the public and be taken care of as such & 
not by their natural parents, That they should move the 
chief seat of Government to a place nearer the ffrench 
called Coosawattee, where in ancient times a Town had 
stood belonging to the Cherokees, And that they shoul'd 
admit into their Society Creeks & Catawbaws, French & 
English, all Colours and Complexions, in short all who were 
of These principles, which were truly such as had no prin- 
ciples at all. But he inculcated most into the minds of the 
Indians a great care & Jealousy for their Lands, and that 
they should keep the English at a distance from them. This 
produced a very extraordinary letter to this Government 

Futigives are to be subsisted, and lays down the Rules of Government 
which the town is to be governed by; to which he gives the Title 
of Paradice; He enumerates many whimsical Privileges and natural 
Rights, as he calls them, which his citizens are to be entitled to, par- 
ticularly dissolving Marriages and allowing Community of Women, and 
all Kinds of Licenciousness ; the Book is drawn up very methodically, 
and full of learned Quotations; it is ex^|j^mly wicked, yet has several 
Flights full of Invention, and it is a Pity So Much Wit is applied to 
so bad Purposes." 


from the Indians which was written by Pryber & signed 
by him as Prime Minister. — This first opened the Eyes 
of the Government, and shewed them the great danger of 
his continuing any longer there, and accordingly they sent 
up letters to me desiring that I would do my endeavour to 
have him apprehended & sent down, I well knew the Im- 
possibility of seizing him without their leave and the diffi- 
culty of doing it without their assistance. I therefore en- 
deavored to prevail with Moytoy who was then the head of 
the Nation to Give Orders to some of his people to Seize 
him and I promised him a very great present for it. He 
thanked me and said he would accept of the present and 
said that he would permit me to apprehend him, and he be- 
lieved none of his People would find fault with it, but that 
they would not deliver to another people any Person who 
had taken shelter in their Country, however this did not 
discourage me to desist, and I sometime after went up into 
the Townhouse with a Resolution to try what could be 
done, but I found that he was well apprized of my design 
and laughed at me desiring me to try in so insolent a 
manner that I could hardly bear with it, and I told him 
although I knew the Indians would not permit me to Carry 
him down to be hanged Yet they would not find fault I 
hoped if I should throw him into the Fire, which I cer- 
tainly would do if he gave me any further Provocation. 

I was then deeply Engaged in Trade and saw the great 
ill conveniency of my Intermeddling any more in this 
matter upon which I wrote to the Government and repre- 
sented to them the difficulty of doing it and that I was 
obliged for the reason above to decline it. Soon after 
which Coll: Fox was sent up upon the same service with 
several persons to attend and assist him, and having en- 
deavored by several letters & messages to decoy & draw him 
out of Town but all in Vain, He at Length laid hold of him 
m the Townhouse, for which he had like to have suffered. 
The Indians took it very much amiss, and told him that as 
the Country was their own they might do in it what they 
thought proper, that they might receive any person and 


give him Protection, and would permit none others to 
force him away that whoever attempted it deserved punish- 
ment, But as this was the first fault of that kind it should 
be forgiven Wishing him to get out of their Country 
directly. Pryber Continued to have many conferences with 
the Indians in favours of the French, and at Length he 
went over to the Halbama. Fort, and was to have gone to 
Moville to transact some business of Importance but the 
Creek indian Traders were greatly alarm'd and they pre- 
vailed with their Indians to try to apprehend him which 
they accordingly did, and his Negro who Jumped into the 
River in order to make his escape they shot dead. Pryber 
was afterwards sent down to Georgia with all his papers 
and died in Goal there. Thus ended the famous Pryber 
after he had lived about three years in the Cherokee 
Nation, a most Notorious Rogue & inniquitous fellow who 
if he had been permitted to have lived much longer in that 
Country would undoubtedly have drawn that nation over 
to the French Interest — But notwithstanding of his death 
The French did not drop their design or lay aside hopes 
of having that Country, but sent in other agents from the 
Mississippi, who preached pretty much the same 
doctrine namely that it was good for them to 
live well both with French and English, to treat 
them alike and to Trade with them upon the same foot- 
ing. That this was the way to receive presents from both 
and to have plenty of goods sent into their nation from all 
quarters. In Short it was to have two strings to their Bow, 
and as the French and English just broke out in War with 
one another they should sell them or give them a piece 
of ground to build a strong house upon that they might be 
safe in their Persons and property from the English. But 
your Excellencys happy journey to 96 spoiled all the french 
Schemes for soon after the Indian called the Blackdogg 
struck his hatchett in one of ther heads & threw him into 
the River, and the other was shot and wounded in the 
Breast by one of his own people and went off. — 

The next Circumstance that I shall mention is your pur- 





chasing a Tract of Land from them in the year 1746 or 
1747. Col: Pawley was sent up as agent for that purpose 
and Capt. Haig [?] & Capt Fairchild with 8 or 10 more 
were sent to attend & assist him, it cost a great expense to 
the Government, and these Gentlemen found it very diffi- 
cult & were at great pains before they could prevail with 
the Indians to part with it tho' that land lay a hundred 
miles from their Nation The sale was made by the Lower 
Towns only, And they were many months about it, and 
after all Coll : Pawley was told by Connocautee that he 
had been doing nothing and that the Lower Towns had no 
right to sell these Lands for tho they lay nearest them Yet 
they belonged to the nation in general & could not *♦ ♦ ♦ 
without their consent — 

that he had received no part of the price nor h'* * ♦ been 
consulted about it. It is several years ago since your Ex- 
cellency first communicated to me your design of procurng 
a Grant or Surrender of all their lands to the King But 
I did not flatter you that it would be easy obtained, at first 
I thought it Impossible because I well knew the pains the 
French had taken to purchase a small Spot from them 
and I never entertained any hopes of your success till I 
heard the speech which the Indian made you at the Fort in 
Keowee. I was present when you Purchased that piece of 
ground whereon the Fort Stands and I remember that tho' 
one of the headmen offered you that land for nothing 
yet you refused to accept of it, till he had consulted the 
other headmen of the Lower Towns who were at home, 
I saw the goods delivered that you paid as the price of it, 
and was a subscribing Witness to the Conveyance it was 
Executed by the head men in the Fort, and one of them 
made the following Speech. "This Fort has been often 
"Promised to be built but I never Expected to live to see 
"it done but mine Eyes now see it, and my heart is Glad, 
"it is entirely owing to you And I thank you for it, I am 
"going to give a great talk but I shall not make it long, I 
"shall end before sun down formerly all this land on all 

*page mutilatig 


"hands belonged to the red people no White men had a 
'*right to any part of it, at length a Ship came over 
"the great water and the people who were in it desired 
"leave to come on Shore and as they were few in number 
"we thought there could be no great danger from them, 
"They then asked a bit of Land to plant upon which we 
"Gave them, but soon they Crept further up, and then a 
"little further till we began to fear there would be no 
"stopping of them, But at last they built a house at the 
"Congrees, and we Concluded that that was to be their 
"utmost limits and We were Satisfied it should be so, but 
"sometime after they came to Saludy and then to 96, and 
"now your Excellency is come up this length I shall be 
"glad that * * & my people live in Friendship with 
"King George & his people but he lives a great way from 
"us, there is the great Water between us and I am told he 
"has land enough of his own, You are very near us there 
"is nothing but a little bit of wood between you & us 
"I have often come backwards & forwards and think it 
"nothing, and your Excellency has also come up here and 
"I hope you will return in Safety, and will frequently come 
"and see us. Wee are a poor people and have nothing to give 
"you, the little piece of Land that I now Give you is as 
"nothing, it is like a small bit Cut off from a great piece of 
"Cloth it is hardly worth your acceptance but, I Propose, 
"Soon to go round the whole Nation to every Town in it, 
"and to get them to give up all their lands to you. To 
"which you answered That you had no use for their Lands 
"and that it would be of no service to their nation to give 
"them to you, but if they would give them to the Great 
"King, He would defend the Lands & prevent their being 
"conquered by the French or other Ennemies.' " The next 
Circumstance that gave me hopes of your Success was the 
behaviour of the Indians when your letter was read to them 
pressing them to give all their lands to the Great King I was 
present at that meeting — in Consequence of the letter that 
you had written to me and the other traders to use our 
utmost Endeavours to prevail with the Indians to aggree 


to your proposal and M'. Beam — * * * M^ * * * and M'. 
Elliot & many other Traders were then present the day that 
your Excellency's letter was taken into consideration by the 
Indians. They Seemed to aggree to what you desired, 
and acknowledged that it would be for their own good & 
safety, and resolved to write a letter to you to that purpose 
next day, but when that came many of them were of 
another mind. We Concluded that they had been dealt with 
in the night time by some of the White people who are 
Notorious Rogues and live there because they are out of 
the reach of the Law, But perhaps it might have been be- 
cause all the head men were not present, and since I have 
been at Saludy and saw them give up their Lands there 
I am persuaded it was because old Hop wanted to do it 
himself and in the presence of all his people, and it is very 
happy that it was not done at that meeting at Chotte, for 
probably your Excellency might have rested Satisfied with 
that, and not taken any further trouble but the Nation 
would never have thought it so binding upon them nor 
would they have been so generally satisfied with it Whereas 
being done in a formal manner at Saludy and in the pres- 
ence of all the head men & head Warriors There -is not one 
person in the whole nation who is not pleased with it and 
who will not fight to the last drop of their blood to defend 
the title that they made to his Majesty. And I am truly of 
the opinion That if any Claim had been laid to their lands 
as being the property of his Majesty before that surrender 
at Saludy it might have been attended with ill Conse- 
quences and might have induced them to have given Some 
part to the French to Convince us that they were their 
own. Where as they are now sensible that it is out of their 
power to do so, For when Connacautee the Chief returned 
to his Nation from that meeting he stopt at the several 
Towns as he passed thro' the Nation, and gave very good 
talks to all his people telling them that there must no 
longer be any Complaints against the English for settling 
on their lands for they had no longer any lands that they 
Properly call their own, They had given them all to the 


great King George upon whose goodness it would now de- 
pend to permit them to live there themselves. 

Lud: Grant — 
Ludovick Grant a Trader to the Cherokee nation of Indi- 
ans being duly Sworn made oath that the foregoing narra- 
tive by him delivered to His Excellency the Governor of 
South Carolina & containing fifteen pages every part thereof 
is true. 

Sworn before me this 12** 
of January 1756 — 

A Conversation between his Excellency the Governor of 
South Carolina and Chuconnunta a head man of the 
Cherokees Whose name formerly was Ouconecaw. 

Gov'. T have heard you often mention your having been in 
England and your having seen the great King George, 
and your talking with his beloved men are there any 
of your Countrymen Who went over with you now 

Indian. Not one they are every one dead — I am the only 
Cherokee now alive who was in England or that Saw 
the Great King George. 

Gov'. Can you Recollect what induced you to go to Eng- 
land or what passed when you was there? 

Indian. It is a great while ago but I remember every thing 
as if it had happened yesterday and if you please to 
hear it I shall give you an account of it & shall not 
be long, A Person came up to our Nation from the 
Country whom the Traders called a great man & a 
Warrier, He rode thro' most of our Towns and desired 
a Meeting of many of our Headmen, and accordingly 
they aggreed to meet him in one of the Towns near 
the middle of our nation, I was present at that meeting 


and heard everything that passed, I remember he said 
that he was one of King Georges Children, and that 
he intended soon to go over the great Water to Eng- 
land but before he went he had a Curiosity to see our 
Country, That unless he had come he could not have 
believed that We were so poor & naked & so much 
Want of everything, that he was sure if the Great 
King George knew it, He would take pity on our con- 
dition & would give us Some Qoaths and that when 
he went should go over the great Water, He would 
take care to inform him truly of it. But that it would 
have much better effect if some of us would go along 
with him. But after some questions were asked about 
England and how far it might be to it not one of our 
people would consent to go and so the meeting broke 
up and every man returned to his own house. At night 
M' Wiggan the Interpreter came to the house where 
I was, and told me that the Warrior had a particular 
favour for me, and that if I would Consent to go he 
would be indifferent whither any other Went; and 
Mr'. Wiggan pressed me very much to accept of his 
Invitation. I was then a young man but I thought it 
right to Consider before I spoke, I told him that I 
understood England was a great Way off. That I 
would be long in going there I should be detained there 
a Considerable time, and would be long in returning, 
and I did not know how I should get back. But he 
assured me that the Distance was very much magni- 
fyed and that I might be back at the end of the Sum- 
mer or at least some time in the Fall, Upon which 
assurance I agreed to go : Early next morning One of 
our people came to me and asked if what he had heard 
was true, That I had Promised to go to England I 
acquainted him that I had and that I would be as good 
as my Word, He then told me that neither he nor any 
other had intended to have gone but since I was to 
go That I should not go alone, for that he would ac- 
company me and that he knew of Two or three more 


that he could persuade to go accordingly they were 
spoke to and aggreed making in all Six and we Imme- 
diately got ready & soon set off, But before We 
Reached Charlestown We met Six of our. people re- 
turning from the Catawba Nation, and the leader of 
that Gang asked us whither we had any Business or 
had been sent for to Charlestown We acquainted him 
that We had no Business, But that a Warrier had 
been up in our Nation, and had promised to carry 
us to see England, and that we were going there. He 
replyed that he had heard much of England and 
wanted to see it, and would make one with us and de- 
sired the five people who were with him to return to 
the Nation, Before we reached England he asked us if 
we had anything to communicate to the great King 
or any message to deliver from the Nation. We told 
him we had not we were only going to see England 
for our own pleasure, But he said that no doubt many 
questions Would be asked us when we came before 
the Great King George, and that therefore it would 
be proper to fix upon one who should be the Speaker, 
that tho' I was the first person Who had agreed to go 
Yet as I was the Youngest of the Company it would 
not be right, that I should be the Speaker and there- 
fore Oukayula Was appointed. 

Gov'. Can you recollect whither the Warrier who carried 
you over proposed anything, about your Surrendering 
or giving your Lands to the Great King when he was 
in your Country or did the Great King or any of his 
beloved men when you were in England ever propose 
any such matter? 

Indian I am certain There was no such matter ever men- 
tioned either by the Warriour in our Country or any of 
our people nor was it ever thought of, and I am 
equally certain that there was no Proposal of that kind 
made while we were in England either by the Great 


King George or any of his beloved men, nor had we 
power to agree to any Such Proposal, nor did I ever 
hear that question asked till now, I understand so 
much that if our Country had been given away then 
we could not have given it to you. I remember the 
Talk we had in England perfectly well, that we would 
be one with the white people in War, That is if they 
assisted us in our wars against our Ennemies We would 
assist them against their Ennemies, but for our Lands 
they never would have been given but for the great 
pains you have taken with our people and for your 
going to our nation and building a Fort there and in 
particular for your meeting our head man at Saludy 
and promising to build a Fort — 
Richard Smith — 
Richard Smith one of the Traders to the Cherokee Nation 
of Indians being duly Sworn made oath. That the annexed 
four pages of paper contains the Substance of a conversa- 
tion lately had between his Exe*"'. The Go' of South Caro- 
lina & Chuconuto and that all the answers & sayings of 
Chuconunto were truly interpreted & repeated by him 
this Deponent as the same were delivered by the s* Indian 
& was therein set furth. 
Sworn before me 
this 12 of Jan'' 1756 
P Leigh. 



Copley's Picture of Mr. and Mrs, Izard — The following 
letters from the Manigault Collection are of interest in 
connection with the large double portrait of Mr. and Mrs. 
Ralph Izard, formerly the property of the Manigault Fam- 
ily of Charleston, and now in the Museum of Fine Arts, in 

[No. I.] 

Addressed Cha'. I Manigault Esq. 

S°. Carolina 

F Sheffield ) 

via Lpool 
Duplicate. Original P'. S. Jenkins 

London, 6 June 1831 
Chas. I. Manigault Esq' 

Charleston, S*. Carolina, 
My dear Sir, 

Yours of 28 March was rec*. last month and I 
delayed a reply till I should hear from M". Copley — ^which 
I have just done thro' Mr. Winslow the gentleman I saw 
before — M". Copley will consent to Sell the picture to you 
for 50 Guineas which I have agreed to give if it is in good 
condition. — The ground they assign for naming this price, 
is that it was originally to have been painted for that sum, 
and they waive interest charges &c. — There is no frame to 
it, I am told ; but it is rolled up and put by and M' Winslow 
will try and arrange a time for me to see it. I hope you 
will approve of this arrangement. . . . 
I am 

Yours truly 

Petty Vaughn, 
Endorsed : From Petty Vaughn London 

5 July 1831. 


[No. 2.] 

Addressed : Cha' I. Manigault Esq. 

Care of Mess". Wragg, Middleton, & Co 
S*". Carolina 
P'. Hibemia ) 
via Lpool ) 

P\ Hibemia 

London 14** Nov, 1831, 
Cha' I. Manigault Esq. 

Charleston, S. C. 
My dear Sir 

I have at length the pleasure to inform you that M". 
Copley has found the picture of your Grandfather and 
Grand mother Izard, painted by M' Copley in 1776: and 
I saw it on Tuesday last ; & found it in such good order that 
I agreed to take it for you & have paid the f 52 .. 10= or 
50 Gs as stated in my last. — Tis very large, & a Case will 
cost 40/ or 45/ this with shipping Charges will bring it to 
about f6o which I will thank you to remit me a bill for 
that sum, or a letter of Credit for payment of the balance 
of my ace*, not exceeding £60. 

I shall send the picture by the Columbia 25*" unless 
I hear of a ship for Charleston, 

There appears to be only one slight injury to the upper 
part of the picture, & not of any consequence. I have re- 
quested a letter, authenticating the production. It is a fine 
work, & corresponds with your description, except that a 
table is place between them. M'. I. is seated on a chair, 
& M" I. on the Sofa, 

M'. Vaughn unites with me in comp*' to you & M" M. 
& I am Yr's Mo. truly 

Petty Vaughn. 
Endorsed : 

From M'. Petty Vaughn London Nov' 1831 Respecting 
My Grandfather Izards Picture by Copley, 



Joseph Bryan, of Richmond Va., a member of the South 
Carolina Historical Society, died at his home "Laburnum,'* 
just outside of Richmond, November 20th, 1908. 

Mr. Bryan was probably the best known citizen of Rich- 
mond, and was one of the most prominent men in the South. 
He was bom at Eagle Point, Gloucester County August 13, 
1845, ^"d was the son of John Randolph Bryan and Eliza- 
beth Tucker Coalter. He was a student at the University 
of Virginia at the out break of the War between the States, 
and entered the Confederate Service in 1863, taking active 
field service in 1864, when he joined Company D. of Col. 
John S. Mosby's command, and served continuously up to 
the surrender of Gen. R. E. Lee ; he was twice wounded in 
a Cavalry fight near Upperville Va. 

Mr. Bryan was the owner of the Times Despatch of Rich- 
mond and was known in his own section as a doer of large 
things, and there are many large enterprises in the South 
to-day prospering through his ability and genius for organ- 
izing and conducting on a high business plane. 
Taking charge of the Richmond Locomotive Works he con- 
ducted it successfully and continued as managing director 
after its absorption by the American Locomotive Works. 
He was also a director in the Southern Railway, and at the 
time of reorganization of the Equitable Life Assurance Soci- 
ety was selected as one of the directors. He was also a 
director in the Sloss-Sheffield Company and in the North 
Birmingham Land Company. 

Mr. Bryan was recognized as one of the South's greatest 

He married, Feb. i, 1871, Miss Isabel Lamont Stewart, a 
daughter of Mr. John Stewart of "Brook Hill." Henrico 
County, and his wife Mary A Williamson, and had six 


William Elliott Guerard, a member of the South Carolina 
Historical Society, died at his home in Savannah, Ga., 
June 26, 1906. 

He was born in Philadelphia Dec. 22, 1839, but moved to 
Savannah Ga., when a child. In i860 he entered the State 
service, enlisting in Co. B. Savannah Volunteer Guards. 
He entered the service of the Confederate States in the 
same Company, 18'** Ga. Bat. on Feby. i, 1861. On July 
12, 1863, he was made a sergeant at Battery Wagner, South 
Carolina, and on Sep. 18***: 1863, he was transferred as ser- 
geant Major to Guerard's Light Battery, of which his brother 
Capt. John M. Guerard was commander. 
He was made second Lieutenant of Guerards Battery on 
March 16, 1863, after the Battle of Olustee Fla. and on 
May 12, 1865, he surrendered the Battery at Greensboro 
N. C. and received his parole. 

Mr. Guerard was in all the engagements on Morris Island 
and James and Sullivan Islands. He also served with the 
Cavalry Brigade of Gen. R. H. Anderson in Florida, and 
was in some of the engagements with McLaws Div. in 
S. C. and North Carolina. As a soldier he made a good 

He was married in 1871 to Miss Leona Ross of Macon 
Ga. He is survived by his widow and six children, Mrs. 
John S. Schly, Mrs. Edward Simkins, Miss Anna Guerard, 
Mr. W. E. Guerard Jr., Miss Harriett Guerard, & Mr. F. 
Ross Guerard. 

Mr. Guerard was descended from John Guerard one of the 
Huguenot emigrants who settled in South Carolina. 
He was a man of force and integrity and was held in 
high regard by all who knew him. 



With great regret the Publishing Committee of the mag- 
azine announce to its readers and subscribers that with the 
issue of October 1908 the connection of Mr. Alexander 
S. Salley Jr. with the magazine as editor came to a close. 
Just nine years ago Mr. Salley undertook at a most inade- 
quate rate of compensation to begin in Charleston, the 
home city of our Society, a quarterly publication, which 
would bring into the light the stores of historical matter in 
our possession. In that period 2700 pages have been pub- 
lished in the nine volumes of the magazine as against 1800 
pages published in all of the half century of the life of the 
Society up to that time. When it is recollected that the 
other publications, one and all, were brought out with the 
assistance of funds supplied by the State or the city of 
Charleston, while the magazine under his editorship has 
been self sustaining, the work which has been done will be 
appreciated. Rare indeed were his qualifications for his 
position. His industry was unflagging, his zeal untiring. With 
a knowledge of South Carolina history second to that of no 
living authority, with an absorbing passion for painstaking 
research, he unites a wonderful talent for telling the true 
from the false and the courage to maintain his opinion with- 
out fear of offending. When therefore a fact was stated, 
or a document published in the magazine, its truth was ac- 
cepted, its genuineness was unquestioned. He knew what 
an historical magazine should be, and, within the limits, 
allowed by the means of the Society, he succeeded in 
bringing it up to his mark. It was evident to this com- 
mittee from the very first that Mr. Salley would sooner or 
later be called to a more remunerative position, and when 
selected as Secretary of the State Historical Commission, 
they were prepared to see his editorship of the magazine 
come to an end. Yet, for three years, and without the least 
compensation, he continued his editorial work. At length 
however the arduous duties of his office in Columbia have 
compelled him reluctantly to give up his work with us. 


With characteristic generosity however he has promised to 
assist us with his valuable advise as a member of the 
Publishing Committee and to give us from time to time for 
publication material which he has gathered. The magazine 
will sorely feel his loss. In Miss. Mabel Louise Webber, 
our efficient Secretary and Treasurer, who now takes up the 
additional duties of editor, we are sure that the magazine 
will have a faithful successor to Mr. Salley, quite resolved 
that the magazine shall not go backward in her hands. 
The cost of publication has increased enormously during 
the last year, and the work of supporting the magazine will 
not be an easy one. We are confident however that all will 
go well. 

The South Carolina 

Historical and Genealogical 


VOL. X. APRIL, 1909. No. 2. 

GILLON IN 1778 AND 1779. 

(Continued from the January namber,) 



As Contrary Winds & bad sailing of ye Vessel I set of 
for France induced me to take this Course in my way I 
have had some oppt^ of judging how Americans may be 
rec* here & of what Utihty this Port may be of to us, which 
is ye reason why I take ye liberty of addressing you also to 
inclose you a Packet rec* yesterday from his Excellency ye 
Gov' here for you — ye other letters I rec* for Mr de 
Miraller I tho't best to inclose to his friend Mr. G A Hall 
who might better know where he was than you cou'd. On 
my Arrival here I was rec"* as all Strangers generally are 
that is give your Vessels what you want to prosecute your 
Voyage & then order you out without admitting you on 
shore, but finding one of my Vessels must be hove down I 
received my application for to Land with my Officers & on 
producing some Vouchers that was demanded I was ad- 
mitted to land in this Village' with permission to go to ye 
Havannah on part business only & then attended by an 
Adjutant 20 days has now past & ye Notre Dame returns 
this day — ye other Vessel is preparing & will compleat my 
Voyage in her if cannot obtain my principal request of 
which I have very little doubt tho still am positively denied. 


I found my Opinion on the Experience I have of their 
Nation a short time will'I think verify it — whereby I pre- 
sume ye most of my business is over — this Port I cannot 
but think well calculated to lodge many Articles in that ye 
Continent wants in Spanish Bottoms as ye rout to here by 
of Abacoa (commonly called ye Hole in ye Rock) & so 
by ye * * * * * over & along ye Bahama Bank is 
too uncertain for ye British Cruisers safe for ours by whom 
you could order any thing that is lodg'd here by your Order 
from Spain as you wanted it & your Vessels could be 
Careen'd & completely fitted out in a few days & ye distance 
from here to any of ye Southern States or even to Vir- 
ginia is so trifling considering ye strong Current they carry 
with them from here that they run if in a few days & with 
very little risque, but I presume permission must be first 
procured from Spain for this, if not already obtained, 
Spars, Masts, & Naval Stores will allways be acceptable here 
& will pay ye Vessels Expences. Pardon me for troubling 
your Excellency, on a matter you very likely know much 
better than I can inform you on but as I am Abroad it is 
my duty to acq* you with any thing that I humbly conceive 
can be useful to America — When we are admitted free ac- 
cess to ye Town I am convinced we shall receive ye friend- 
ships that sundry worthy Visiters has offer'd us & it is with 
pleasure that notwithstanding ye formal objections I met 
with I assure your ExcUy that even now every prudent 
American that will but patiently look around he will re- 
ceive more attention & assistance than any other Stranger, 
please present my best respects to Mess" I>rayton, Mat- 
thews & Hudson & Admit me to Subscribe myself your 

Most Obed* hble Serv* 
A Gillon 
Regie opposite to ye Havannah 
Sept' 18*** 1778 
To His Excellency 
Henry Laurens Esq' 
President of ye Honble 
the Continental Congress. 



D'Sir • 

Your faithful Serv* overtook me here, he wou'd 
have done it sooner but I find ye Roads so very bad that I 
left Hence this Morning at 8 A clock instead of lo that I 
might by time make up for ye bad roads tho I left directions 
that I shou'd be here till 2 o' clock & expected to sleep at 
Bently's to Night your Letter & other dispatches shall de- 
liver on Arrival — I shou'd not doubt your Memory or re- 
frech it had you not permitted it in desiring me to remind 
you to favour me with a Letter of Access to your Consignees 
in Europe also for an Order of ye Loan Officer in S* Caro- 
lina for ye first annual advances I think it is best to trouble 
your honour seldom therefore apply for ye whole Order at 
once tho' shall use it only as purchase which mode may 
prevent disap* & trouble pardon me for troubling you on 
this Score & accept of my best thanks for your friendly 
interference in my behalf I most sincerely wish you every 
felicity & am with much truth 

D' Sir 

You' most Obed'. Serv'. 
Alexander Gillon 

M' CuUips Tavern 34 Miles from 
York Town 2*. Dec'. 

To the Honble 

Henry Laurens 

President of Congress. 



I did myself the pleasure to write you a few lines ye 18** 
Sept' per Capt. Hall of the Notre Dame since when have 
been occupied in trying to compleat my business here it 
wou'd be the height of injustice in me if I did not Aver 
that every Assistance was given me here that I. expected 
or desired and with the surest expectations of a speedy 


Arrival I left this the 24*' past in Company with 2 Packets 
and a Merchantman bound to Spain but a few hours after 
we was out a Gale of Wind commenced that lasted 7 days 
and prevented hoisting any boat out to visit our neigh- 
bors our Vessel suffered much part^ when we was on the 
29*" within a few minutes of being Shipwrecked in the 
height of this Gale which forc'd us to cut away our Main 
topmast and all thereto belonging to heave 6 of our Guns 
overboard to clear the decks and to try to get in here but we 
could not thus was kept out till the 3* Instant when we re- 
turned almost a wreck they rec* us with much friendship 
and immedly favd me with the needful to refit the Medley 
whereby she is now again ready to proceed once more and 
to morrow She with sundry vessels bound for Spain sail. 
I have little doubt of getting safe tho it is winter and less 
doubt about succeednig in Europe where I will try to pur- 
chase so as to hurry out by May — I am more and more 
Convinced of the Utility of this Port to America part' to 
the Southern States during our present War wherefore I 
again assure you that every Continental or State Vessel 
whose Commander properly attends to the method of this 
place without hurry will receive every attention and find 
iv very Convenient to refit his Vessel here for which they 
should have a something to repay the Advances, I am 
happy in having had an opportunity of well knowing what 
is to be done here & in having experienced such attention 
to particularize wou'd tedious to you thus will only say that 
for allowg of disbts here on acct of Notre Dame and Medley 
Bills have been rec* at Par on So Carolina or pay* in Phil* 
perhaps they may fall into the hands of friend from here 
who is now with you, whose family has made my residence 
here agreeable and tho his introduction have pav'd the way 
for others to face better than formerly permit me therefore 
to crave your and Congress attention to him whilst with 
you or your Vicinity Nothing seems to be left undone to- 
wards me they even delivered me every American Prisoner 
here if anything is now wanting here it is an Agent to be 
appointed by you here for your Business which Sanction 
wou'd be the means of every American being readify As- 


sisted here and no Expense to Congress the Major or 
Governors Adjutants now Actually are Agents for much is 
left to them therefore if you will permit me the recommen- 
dation I think such an Appointm* useful and no one so prop- 
erly prepared for it as the Active and I may safely say 
Acting Agent here Mr. Rafel de Lus Adjutant to the Gov- 
ernor and Major in the Kings service whose friendship not 
a little Assisted me but if he or any other person is appointed 
by you it will be necessary that he is Confirmed by his King — 
Mr. Lee I presume may easily settle that & as Mr Lus holds 
his Post for life that he is so attached to America, so capa- 
ble for dispatch I know none so fit for this important Post 
which if you deign to grant can do no harm but may much 
good the other Adjutant Don Diego de Barrera who also 
very much favoured me is willing to shew his Zeal by 
offering his service and proposes going your way wish he 
may be useful have craved him to Accept of a Letter to 
your Excelly to use in that case as you may think proper 
perhaps whilst I am in Europe & contracting for some 
Vessels may procure more if so and thereby I can serve 
Congress they and you may freely dispose of me as I am 
determined to ramsack every Corner in Europe, but will 
procure the Needful & tho we are long from Home it cou'd 
not be help'd as no Vessel sailed from here for Europe 
since I arrived here till 24*' past please pres\ my best re- 
spects to Mr. Drayton Mr Mathews and Mr Hudson, I am 
with all due respect 

Your Excellencys 
Most Ob'. & Most humble Serv* 
A Gillon. 
Havanna 16 Nov' 1778 
To His Excellency 

Henry Laurens Esq' 



As I flatter myself it will give you some satisfaction 
to hear ye prospect of ye Navy Officers of So. Carolina I 


take ye liberty to acquaint you that Cap' Jonier after being 
taken by his own Crew & carried into Plymouth got here 
last Aug* with Mr. Spencer whom I intended as one of ye 
Marine Officers Mr Warters and Mr Doville after being 
taken have also got here & are intended as midshipmen all 
received much attention whilst in England, Capt' Robeson 
with Mr Lindwaith, Morant and Coram arr*. here ye 31 
Dec' in ye Snow Gustave of this Port that put in distress 
into ye Havana, Mr Theus a very promising Youth died with 
ye small pox a few days after her arrival here much do I 
lament his early fate as his Country woudVe rec*. much 
Assistance from his [blank] Albilities — I left Havanna ye 
17 Nov'. & on ye 19 Jan^ fell in with ye Count de Grassc 
fleet he imdiy ordered a Frigate of 40 Guns to land me in 
ye first Port of this Kingdom I landed at Brest ye 25 Jan' 
with Mr [blank] & my Secretary & got here ye 4**. past & 
found abt. 130 Casks of States Indigo and which will serve 
as a beginning, hav^ allready engag'd for a Sum on ye same 
terms as they grant to their friends in their own Islands & 
in 2 days set of for Paris where hope to compleat & procure 
ye remaining sum wanted if shou'd not succeed there must 
accept of ye invitation I've rec* from my friends in my Na- 
tive Country Holland to go there, but have, great expecta- 
tions that this Goverm* may perhaps spare me ye Ships I 
want ready fitted and mann'd, if so I will sail soon & per- 
haps Assist in checking ye Progress Campbell is making to 
ye Southw'* as appear by English accts rec". here this day 
was it not for this what they term alarming news from 
Georgia & ye failure of Sundry Capital Mercantile Houses 
in Paris & Bordeaux I shouM easily procure ye Needful, 
however I will persevere & will timely acq\ you of my 
Situation, it is to be lamented that some Naval Officers was 
not sent on this Place 18 Months ago when this Goverm*. 
did not need their Vessels so much when Men was plenty & 
Building with Stores 3 Pc*. Cheaper than at present Success 
must then have attended a proper Application by proper 
Officers & from what Idea I can form of ye past friendship 
by ye present, America would have procured a valuable 
Fleet at a distant Period & by keeping them together 


wou'dVe made America's Navy much more respectable than 
it now is however to me it does not appear too late yet tho 
it may prove somewhat dearer I formerly wrote you ye 
benefit that ye American Navy might receive from a free 
Admission into ye Port of Havanna, by Heaving down & 
refitting her Vessels at a trifling expence, no danger of de- 
sertion, near to annoy ye Jamaica Trade & by ye force of ye 
Gulph Stream cou'd allways be on ye American Coast in 7 
or 8 days tho I rec*. every attention there it may not be 
improper for Congress to Apply to Spain to send out posi- 
tive orders to their Governors at their Ports in Hispaniola, 
in Porto Rico & in ye Islands of Cuba to admit all their 
Continental Vessels, all State Vessels & may be added if 
you judge proper all American Vessels into any of their 
Ports, Bays or Harbours there with ye privilege of ye Port 
& if possible it wou'd much facilitate this business if Con- 
gress was to Appoint an Agent, Consul or Factor on each 
of these Islands — Shou'd it not suit Congress to cause this 
appreciation to be made for their Navy well do I know ye 
value of such permission to ye S**. Carolina Navy thus hope 
it will be made for our Navy to you worthy Sirs do I 
commit a matter of so much moment to America in General 
& to your Country in particular tho shall confer with Mr. 
Franklin thereon to him & your other friends must I refer 
you for what is passing in Europe as they by their longer 
residence can better judge of its validity. Permit me to 
request you will be pleased to inform me whether any Line 
is drawn by Congress for ye Continental & State Navy 
Officers conduct part^ if they meet or are to act together 
it might be of Service in General for ye line to be drawn 
believe me I have no Idea in this Service but doing my ut- 
most to serve ye glorious Cause we are so long & advantage- 
ously embark'd in, but I wish to see all Clogs remov'd as 
doubts will certainly and perhaps pre judiciously Arise 
wherever these Officers meet at Sea or Abroad your Opinion 
on this with copies of every resolve of Congress relative 
to their Navy will be thankfully rec*. by me & will prove 
of use to ye Navy, please also furnish me with ye General 
Signals that Congress has or may give for their Continental 


Ships to know each other at a distance or at Night so as 
to prevent any chasing each other on shore or Erroneous 
Engagements at Night & many other Accidents that may 
happen for want of proper Signals, because if I knew their 
Signals I crave their permission to use them on b*. ye Navy 
under my direction till I return to America when other 
Plans may be adopted, please also favour me with ye Con- 
tinental Navy Uniform & colours for my Guide with such 
other observatins on Naval Matters as you think may prove 
Essential your letters to me directed under Cover to Mess". 
H. L. Chaurand freres MerchtV here will get safe to hand 
after landed as perhaps Mrs. Gillon may be in or near Phila- 
delphia, you will much oblige me in such case to open ye 
out side Packet directed for His Exlly of So Carolina & 
thereout take a Letter for Mrs Gillon sending it to her 
safely & sealing up ye other Package which I commit to 
your care to be sent to his Exclly by ye first Oppty. please 
Present my respects to Mr. Penn if with you & have wrote 
on his business shall write him when have ye reply, respects 
also to other friends & be assured I am with all due re- 

Your Most Obed*. Serv*. 
A. Gillon 

Nantes 5*** March 1779 
The Honble Delegates representing 
ye State of So Carolina in ye Honble 
ye Continental Congress at Philadelphia. 

(To be continued in the next number of this magasine.) 



OF SOUTH CAROLINA, 1692-1700. 

(Continued from the January number.) 

Will of Henry Symmonds, of Charles Town, vintner, 
proved before Governor Blake, March 13, 1695, gave wife, 
Frances, all of his real estate, servants, slaves, and all other 
property whatsoever within the province of Carolina or 
elsewhere; appointed friend, Capt. Robert Daniell, to be 
executor in trust in behalf of his wife, Frances, whom he 
appointed sole executrix. Witnesses : Richard Codner, Mat- 
thew Bee, William Williams, John Givin, George Bedon, 
William White, John Griffiths. Recorded by John Hamilton, 
D. S., April 6, 1695. (Page 200.) 

May 9, 1695, Mrs. Elizabeth Quintyne, widow, relict 
and administratrix of Richard Quintyne, gentleman, de- 
ceased, John Beresford and Charles King executed their 
bond to Governor Blake for Mrs. Quintyne's faithful exe- 
cution of her trust. Witness: John Hamilton. (Page 

May 10, 1695, Governor Blake directed Mrs. Quintyne 
to administer on her husband's estate, at the same time di- 
recting Patrick Stewart, Philip Buckley, George Smith, 
John Padgitt and Patrick Scott to appraise and make an in- 
ventory of the said estate. (Page 202.) 

Will of Richard Quintyne, of Berkeley County, gentle- 
man, made January 26, 1695, and proved before Governor 
Blake, April 27, 1695, gave wife, Elizabeth Quintyne, the 
profits of the plantation whereon he then dwelled in Berke- 
ley County, or elsewhere in the said province or county, and 
her accommodation in his dwelling house thereon, together 
with an allowance for housekeeping as in his lifetime; gave 
daughter, Martha, fifty pounds sterling, to be paid her 


within two years after her marriage or the birth of her 
second child ; gave daughter, Mary, £50 to be paid her two 
years after her marriage; gave daughter, Elizabeth, her 
maintenance and clothing and an accommodation on his 
plantation during her lifetime if she should remain "soe im- 
potent as she is, butt if it shall please God to bless her with 
^fect health strength of body and minde I give her fifty 
pounds sterld to be paid her two years after her marriage" ; 
gave daughter, Jane, £50 to be paid two years after her mar- 
riage ; gave son, Henry Quintyne, when he should reach the 
age of twenty-one years, all of his estate, both real and per- 
sonal, not otherwise bequeathed, he paying part, proportion- 
ately, of legacies with administratrix, and whatever he 
should receive from the estate of his uncle, Richard Quin- 
tyne, of London, goldsmith, deceased; gave remainder of 
estate to wife, Elizabeth, whom he appointed sole adminis- 
tratrix of his will and overseer and guardian of his children 
during their minority ; desired John Beresford to be assist- 
ant to his wife. Witnesses: Thomas Nairne, John Beres- 
ford, Patrick Stewart, John Padgitt. Recorded by John 
Hamilton, D. S., May 2, 1695. Letters of administration, 
with the will annexed, and warrant of appraisement were 
granted by Governor Blake to Mrs. Elizabeth Quintyne, 
May ID, 1695. (Page 203.) 

May 2yy 1695, Governor Blake directed Daniel Lindrey 
to administer on the estate of Judith Francis, late of Lon- 
don, spinster, deceased, at the same time directing John 
Alexander, George Logan, Alexander Parris, Edmond Med- 
licott and Charles King to appraise and make an inventory 
of the said estate. (Page 204.) 

The same day Daniel Lindrey, merchant, administrator 
of that part of the estate of Judith Francis, late of London, 
spinster, deceased, in the province, Edmund Bellinger, gen- 
tleman, and William Smith, vintner, all of Charles Town, 
executed their bond to Governor Blake for Lindrey's faith- 
ful performance of his trust. Witness: John Hamilton. 
(Page 205.) 

May 28, 169s, Thomas Bill, planter, executor of the will 
of Elizabeth Keeling, widow, deceased, Gilbert Ashley and 


Matthew Bee executed their bond to Governor Blake for 
Bill's faithful performance of his trust. Witness: John 
Hamilton. (Page 206.) 

Will of George Keeling, of Charles Town, Berkeley 
County, province of Carolina, made July 17, 1694, and 
proved before Governor Blake April 25, 1695, gave daugh- 
ter, Mary Bill, wife of Thomas Bill, the best heifer he had; 
gave wife, Elizabeth Keeling, all the rest of his property so 
long as she should remain a widow, but in case she should 
remarry then his daughter, Mary Bill, was to have one 
house and lot; appointed wife sole trustee and executrix. 
Witnesses: Dr. Atkin Williamson, Elizabeth Fuz, Roger 
Hunsden and Thomas Bertinshaw. Recorded by John 
Hamilton, D. S., May 24, 1695. (Page 207.) 

Will of Elizabeth Keeling, of Charles Town, widow, 
made the loth day of Xber, 1694, and proved before Gov- 
ernor Blake, April 25, 1695, g^-ve friend, Mrs. Margaret 
Rivers, forty shillings, her best pettycoat, her Bible, her 
best hood, a new paid of shoes and a silver bodkin; gave 
friends Gilbert Ashley and Elizabeth Popell each a gold 
ring of ten shillings value each; gave son-in-law, Thomas 
Bill, and Mary, his wife, her two lots situated in Charles 
Town, her Indian woman. Flora, all her cattle and all the 
rest of her goods whatsoever, directing that at the death of 
either her son-in-law or her daughter that the Indian woman 
should be set free ; appointed son-in-law and daughter exe- 
cutor and executrix. Witnesses: Willian. Chapman, Findla 
Marten, David Ferguson. Recorded by John Hamilton, D. 
S., May 24, 1695. Warrant of appraisement granted by 
Governor Blake to Thomas Bill, executor. May 28, 1695. 
(Pages 208-209.) 

July 17, 169s, Elizabeth Schenckingh, widow, adminis- 
tratrix of the estate of Bernard Schenckingh, deceased, son 
of Bernard Schenckingh, Esq., late of the province, de- 
ceased, William Smith and Peter Guerard executed their 
bond to Governor Blake for Mrs. Schenckingh's faithful 
execution of her trust. Witness: John Hamilton. (Page 

The same day Governor Blake directed Mrs. Eliza- 


beth Schenckingh to administer on the estate of Bernard 
Schenckingh, son of Bernard Schenckingh, Esq., at the 
same time directing John Alexander, George Logan, 
Charles Basden, Edward Rawlins and Charles King to ap- 
praise and make an inventory thereof. (Page 211.) 

August 13, 1695, John Alston, gentleman, Mrs. Elizabeth 
Harris, alias Alston, John Guffell arid Thomas Hubbard, all 
of Berkeley County, executed their bond to Governor 
Blake for Mrs. Alston's faithful performance of her trust 
as administratrix of the estate of John Harris, gentleman, 
late of the province, her former husband. Witness: John 
Hamilton. (Page 212.) 

iMarch 14, 1694-5, Peter Guerard, Peter LaSalle and 
Isaac Callibeuf proved, before Paul Grimball, their inven- 
tory and appraisement of the estate of Louis Perdriau. Re- 
corded by Charles Odingsells, Deputy Secretary, August 

22, 1695. (Page 213.) 

March 21, 1694-5, William Bower and Lewis Price 
proved, before Paul Grimball, their inventory and appraise- 
ment of the estate of Thomas Moore. Recorded by Charles 
Odingsells, Dep. Sec, August 22, 1695. (Page 214.) 

February 21, 1694-5, George Logan, Thomas Barker 
and Thomas Rose proved their inventory and appraisement 
of the estate of Richard Phillips before William Smith. 
Recorded by Charles Odingsells, D. S., August 23, 1695. 
(Pages 214-216.) 

April 20, 1695, Samuel Langly, Ambr. Denison, Edward 
Drath and Robert Collings proved their inventory and ap- 
praisement of the estate of Thomas Greatbeach before Rob- 
ert Gibbes. Recorded by Charles Odingsells, D. S., August 

23, 1695. (Pages 216-217.) 

May 30, 1695, John Hill, John Smith and John Frow- 
man made an inventory of the "Goods Chatties & Cattle of 
Elizabeth Keeling widd who deced January ye 14. 1693-4" 
and the next day they proved it before Paul Grimball. Re- 
corded August 23, 1695, by Charles Odingsells, D. S. 
(Pages 217-218.) 

July 29, 1695, William Ballard, Edward Loughton and 
John Collings appeared before Gilbert Ashley and proved 



their inventory and appraisement of the estate of John 
Parker, deceased. Recorded by Charles Odingsells, D. S., 
August 23, 1695. (Pages 218-219.) 

June 15, 1695, Alexander Parris, Charles King and Ed- 
mund Medlicott made an inventory and appraisement of the 
estate of Judith Francis, spinster, and proved the same be- 
fore Gilbert Ashley. Recorded August 23, 1695, by Charles 
Odingsells, Dep. Sec. Charges against this estate were re- 
corded by Odingsells October 24, 1695. (P^ig^ 220.) 

July 23, 1695, Capt. Charles Basden, Edward Rawlins 
and George Lc^an proved their inventory and appraise- 
ment of the estate of Bernard Schenckingh, son of Bernard 
Schenckingh, Esq., before William Hawett, Recorded by 
Charles Odingsells, D. S., August 23, 1695. (Page 221.) 

July 13, 1695, William Popell, George Bedon and John 
Birde appeared before Gilbert Ashley and proved their 
inventory and appraisement of the estate of Joseph Pen« 
darvis. Recorded by Charles Odingsells, D. S., August 24, 
1695. (Pages 222-223.) 

May 2y, 1695, Richard Ireland, William Bower and 
Thomas Sacheverell appeared before Paul Grimball and 
proved their inventory and appraisement of the estate of 
Joseph Edwards, of Edisto Island, ''lately deced Novembr: 
loth Anno Dmi 1693." Recorded by Charles Odingsells, 
August 24, 1695. (Page 224.) 

January 26, 1694, Isaac LeGrand and Rene Ravenel ap- 
peared before J. Boyd and proved their inventory and ap- 
praisement of the estate of Amaud Bruneau de la Chabo- 
ciere. (Pages 224-226.) 

The will of George Baudoin, written in French. (Pages 
226-227. As this will has been published in full, with a 
translation thereof, in Translations of the Huguenot Society 
of South Carolina, No. 10 (1903), pp. 48-51, no abstract 
is given here.) 

The will of Antoine Prudhomme, written in French. 
(Page 227. Printed in full, with a translation, in Trans- 
lation of the Huguenot Society of South Carolina.) 

July 19, 1696, Elizabeth Morgan, Joseph Ellicott and 
James Young executed their bond to Governor Archdale 


for Mrs. Morgan's faithful performance of her trust as 
administratrix of the estate of Richard Morgan. Witness: 
Charles Odingsells. (Page 228.) 

July 27, 1696, Governor Archdale appointed William 
Capers administrator of the estate of John Bull, late of the 
island of Jamaica, at the same time directing Samuel Wil- 
liamson, Eph. Wingood, Humphrey Primatt, Henry Gill 
and Joshua Wills to appraise and make inventory thereof. 
(Page 229.) 

January 18, 1695-6, John Lebas, Henry Le Noble and 
Peter Guerard executed their bond to Governor Archdale 
for Lebas's faithful performance of his trust as adminis- 
trator of the estate of James Ehigue, late of Charles Town, 
deceased. Witness: Charles Odingsells. (Page 231.) 

On the same day appraisers were appointed for said 
estate, with directions to make an inventory thereof. (Page 

August 4, 1696, a warrant of appraisement for the estate 
of Richard Morgan, deceased, was given to Elizabeth Mor- 
gan. (Page 232.) 

January 18, 1695-6, Governor Archdale directed John Le- 
bas to administer on the estate of James Dugue. (Page 
234. Page 233 is blank. The pagination here jumps to 


March 20, 1695-6, John Barksdale, John Boone and Ed- 
ward Loughton executed their bond to Governor Archdale 
for Barksdale's faithful performance of the trust of admini- 
strator of the estate of Judith Francis. Witness : Charles 
Odingsells. (Page 243.) 

March 18, 1695-6, Governor Archdale directed John 
Barksdale to administer on the estate of Judith Francis, 
and on June 11, 1696, Barksdale made his inventory of the 
said estate. Recorded June 12, 1696, Charles Odingsells, 
Deputy Secretary. (Page 244.) 

July 9, 1696, Job Howes, John Beresford and Ralph 
Izard executed their bond to Governor Archdale for Howes's 
faithful performance of the trust of administrator of Benja- 
min Wildy. Witness: Charles Odingsells. (Page 245.) 

July 27, 1696, William Capers, Samuel Williamson and 


Ephraim Wingood, executed their bond to Governor Arch- 
dale for Capers's faithful performance of the trust of ad- 
ministrator of the estate of John Bull, late of Jamaica. 
(Page 246.) 

February 22, 1696-7, Anna King, Simon Valentijn and 
Richard Bellinger executed their bond to Governor Blake for 
Anna King's faithful performance of her trust as adminis- 
tratrix of the estate of Charles King, deceased. Witness: 
Charles Odingsells. (Page 248. Page 247 contains the last 
half of a deed the first half of which is recorded on page 

On the same day Anna King was granted letters of ad- 
ministration on the estate of Charles King, and Charles 
Basden, Edward Rawlins, Alexander Parris, Richard Bel- 
linger and Simon Valentijn were directed to appraise and 
make an inventory of the said estate. (Page 249.) 

February 26, 1696-7, Andrew Vetch, Joseph Allison and 
Henry Spry executed their bond to Governor Blake for 
Vetch's faithful performance of the trust of administrator 
of the estate of John Williams, deceased. Witnesses : James 
Moore and Henry Wigington. ( Page 250. ) 

January 30, 1699- 1700, Sarah Rhett, Capt. Job Howes and 
Capt. Thomas Smith executed their bond to Governor Blake 
for Mrs. Rhett's faithful performance of her trust as ad- 
ministratrix of the estate of Jonathan Amory, merchant, 
deceased. Witness: Henry Wigington. (Page 251.) 

The same day Governor Blake directed Mrs. Sarah Rhett, 
"wife of Capt William Rhett of Charles Town", to admin- 
ister on the said estate, reciting that the said Jonathan had 
constituted his wife, Martha, to be his executrix during her 
lifetime, at her death to be succeeded by his sons, Thomas 
and Robert, and that said Martha, before dying, appointed 
said Sarah executrix and her infant son, Robert, executor, 
providing for the educaticm of her children, Robert, 
Sarah and Ann. He also directed Capt. Alexander Par- 
ris, Dr. Charles Bumham, John Bird, William Gibbons, 
Lewis Pasquereau and Peter Guerard to appraise and make 
an inventory of the estate. (Pages 252-253.) 

February 5, 1699- 1700, letters of administration with the 


will annexed were granted to Elisha Prioleau on the estate 
of Mary Banval, for the use of John and Susannah Bon- 
nell, son and daughter of Daniel Bonnell and Mary, his 
wife, deceased, executors of said Mary Banval, and Augus- 
tine Memine, Elias Bissett, Peter Chevalier, Daniel Durou- 
seau and Peter Fileaux, were directed to appraise and make 
an inventory of the said estate. (Page 254.) 

January 30, 1699- 1700, Governor Blake directed Mrs. 
Sarah Rhett to administer on the estate of Thomas Amory, 
deceased, and at the same time directed her to administer 
also on the estate of Ann Amory. (Page 254.) 

July 14, 1698, Governor Blake directed Elizabeth Baker to 
administer on the estate of Richard Baker, deceased, at the 
same time reciting that Benjamin Waring, Gabriel Glaze, 
John Cattell, Thomas Butler and Richard Warner had been 
directed to appraise and make an inventory thereof. (Page 


On the same day Elizabeth Baker, John Buckley and 
Simon Valentijn, merchants, executed their bond to Gov- 
ernor Blake for Mrs. Baker's faithful performance of the 
trust of administratrix of the estate of Richard Baker. Wit- 
ness : Henry Wigington. ( Page 256. ) 

July 23, 1698, Governor Blake directed George Logan to 
administer on the estate of John Sellsby, late of the island 
of Providence, at the same time reciting that Col. Thomas 
Gary, Capt. George Smith, Alexander Parris, Joseph Cross- 
keys and Lewis Pasquereau had been directed to appraise 
and make an inventory of the estate. (Pages 256-257.) 

On the same day George Logan, George Dearsley and 
William Smith, merchants, executed their bond to Governor 
Blake for Logan's faithful performance of his trust as exec- 
utor of the estate of John Sellsby. Witness : Henry Wig- 
ington. ( Pages 257-258. ) 

June 20, 1698, Governor Blake directed John Birde and 
Mary Perriman to administer upon the estate of William 
Perriman, deceased, at the same time reciting that direction 
had been given to Capt. Collins, Robert Hall, James Ken- 
nedy, Thomas Ferguson and Daniel Donevan to appraise 
and make an inventory of said estate. (Page 258.) 


July 25, 1698, Mary Perriman, John Birde, Capt. John 
Collins and Thomas Perriman executed their bond to Grov- 
emor Blake for Mrs. Perriman and John Birde's faithful 
execution of their trust as administrators of the estate of 
William Perriman. Witnesses: Henry Wigington and Pat- 
rick Martin. (Pages 258-259.) 

By D. E. Huger Smith. 

THE so-called Luxembourg Claims against the State of 
South Carolina arose out of the disastrous career of the 
frigate South Carolina,^ held by that State under a treaty or 
contract, made in Paris on 30th May, 1780, between Alexan- 
der Gillon, Commodore of the Navy, acting for the State, 
and the Chevalier Anne Paul Emanuel Sigismond de Mont- 
morenci de Luxembourg. 

The history of the great house of Montmorenci is that of 
France, and few pages of the annals of that kingdom can be 
found which do not tell of their services to King and coun- 
try and of their blood shed on battle-field or scaffold. In 
1627 Francois de Montmorenci, Comte de Bouteville, and 
his friend and second, Comte des Chappelles, lost their heads 
for the infraction of the recent edicts against duelling in 
the celebrated combat with the Marquis de Beuvron of three 
on each side, when the Marquis de Bussy d'Amboise was 
left dead on the field. The posthumous son of the unhappy 
Bouteville was Frangois Henri de Montmorenci, who com- 
menced his illustrious career as Aide-de-Camp to his kins- 
man, the famous Prince of Conde, and died in 1695, a Duke 
and a Marshal of France. His wife was the heiress of the 
great house of Luxembourg, and he joined her name and 
arms to his own. At the outbreak of the American Revolu- 
tion the great-grandson of the Marshal was Duke of Luxem- 
bourg and was named Charles Anne Sigismond. He was 
born in 1721 and died in 1777. His two sons and a grand- 
son appear in the history of these claims. Of these, the 
elder was Anne Charles Sigismond de Montmorenci-Luxem- 
bourg, Duke of Luxembourg after the death of his father 
in 1777. He died in Lisbon an exile in 1803, ^tnd was suc- 
ceeded by his son Charles Emanuel Sigismond, who was 
Duke of Luxembourg when his late uncle's claim was finally 

*See S. Ca. Hist, and Gen. Mag., Vol. IX, p. 189. 





settled in his favot. This uncle was the Chevalier de Lux- 
embourg of this history. In his early life he is said to have 
served in the French Navy, but later, as Prince of Luxem- 
bourg, to have commanded a company of the Garde du 
corps, which commission he held in "survivance" of his kins- 
man, the Prince de Tingri. 

It is impossible to follow in minute detail the efforts of 
the State to adjust the claims that arose out of the short 
and disastrous career of the frigate South Carolina. Many 
of these were promptly filed and submitted to various com- 
mittees of the Assembly. On 21st April, 1783, Govr. Guer- 
ard transmitted to the Minister Plenipotentiary of his Most 
Christian Majesty the report of a joint committee on the 
subject, and on 9th October, 1783, the same Governor seems 
to have proposed to the Prince of Luxembourg that the mat- 
ter should be settled by a law-suit, or by a "Reference to 
Individuals to meet in this State." Perhaps it was in re- 
sponse to this suggestion that Dr. Edwq.rd Bancroft arrived 
in Charleston* on 6th February, 1784, vested with full pow- 
ers from the Prince to prosecute his claims. Dr. Edward 
Bancroft, "Doctor in Physic, Fellow of the Royal Society 
of London, and corresponding Member of the Royal So- 
ciety of Medicine in Paris," has left behind him a mystery 
as yet unsolved — was he at the same time the confidential 
friend and agent of Franklin and a spy in the employ of the 
British Ministry? This has been variously answered. The 
historian Bancroft says of him that he "accepted the post 
of a paid American spy to prepare himself for the more 
lucrative office of a double spy for the British Ministers."* 
On the other hand, Wharton, after a full discussion of all 
the known facts, leaves the question still a mystery, but in- 
clines to exculpate him, partly because otherwise there 
would remain grave imputations on the sagacity and vigi- 
lance of Franklin, Vergennes, John Paul Jones, and in a 
minor degree of others.* A sketch of Bancroft's life may 

The name of the chief city of South Carolina was changed from 
Charles Town to Charleston bv Act of Assembly in 1783. 

■See Bancroft, edition of 1888, vol. V., p. 17. 

*See Wharton, Diplomatic Correspondence of the American Revolu- 
tion, Vol. I., section 196. 


be found in the British Dictionary of MSitional Biography. 
In this may be noticed a statement that he was a friend of 
Franklin, and had published in 1769 an able tractate in de- 
fence of the liberties of the American Colonies; but there 
is an interesting absence of anything whatever to show his 
prominence in American diplomatic history. The selection 
by Luxembourg of Franklin's friend, I>. Bancroft, as his 
agent in this business may have been due to his (Bancroft's) 
previous knowledge of it, and should not be ascribed to any 
continuing interest in the matter on the part of Franklin. 

Dr. Bancroft, on i6th Feb., 1784, presented to both houses 
of the Legislature memorials on behalf of the Prince, in con- 
sequence of which a joint committee was appointed to which 
he submitted the following claims against the State and 
against Alexander Gillon, jointly and severally; 

1st, for the fourth part of all prizes taken by the South 
Carolina and other benefits with interest ; 

2nd, for the sum of 300,000 livres toumois with interest, 
due in consequence of tfie capture of the ship; 

3rd, for an indemnification for the employment of the ship 
against the Island of Providence ; 

4th, for an indemnification for the loss of eleven months, 
while the ship remained at the Texel beyond the time stipu- 
lated for her departure. 

In addition he gave notice of a further claim against the 
State and Commodore Gillon for sixteen thousand eight 
hundred and fifty-seven livres, eight sols, and seven deniers 
tourriois, expended at Teneriffe by the Consul of France for 
the maintenance of a number of sick landed there by Gillon. 
It is noticeable, in the light of later developments, that this 
last claim seems to have been made by the French Govern- 
ment primarily on the Prince. On 19th March, 1784, this 
Committee reported a proposition on the part of Dr. 
Bancroft that these claims should be submitted to the arbi- 
tration of those gentlemen who had represented the State 
in Congress, or a majority of them. This proposition was 
accepted by both houses. 

This board of arbitration met on 29th March at the 
State House in Charleston, and selected as their Chairman 


the Hon. John Rutledge, late Governor of the State. The 
arbitrators took into consideration: ist, the claim for de- 
tention in the Texel; 2nd, the claim respecting the Provi- 
dence expedition; 3rd, the claim for a fourth part of the 
prizes; 4th, the claim for the loss of the ship. The hearing 
was closed on 6th April, and the arbitrators met on the 8th. 
On the next day Dr. Bancroft was told in a friendly way 
by one of the arbitrators that the general principles of the 
award had been settled, and that they had unanimously 
agreed to admit the claim for the loss of the ship and for 
the share of the prizes, and also for the detention of the ship 
from 2 1st September, 1780, until 17th December 
following. On the other hand, he was told that they had 
unanimously condemned the Prince to pay damages to the 
State for detention from 17th December, 1780, to 8th June, 
1 78 1, on which latter day the troops had arrived on board; 
further, that the arbitrators had also, though not unani- 
mously, condemned the Prince to pay damages for the de- 
tention from 8th June, 1781, until 7th August, 1781 ; that 
thus a balance of 146 days for detention had been made 
against the Prince; and lastly, that Mr. Rutledge and Mr. 
Gervais had undertaken to make out an account upon these 
principles, which would be presented on the Tuesday fol- 

Thereupon on 9th April, 1784, Dr. Bancroft addressed to 
Mr. Rutledge a letter, declaring that he could not "think 
the proposed award conformable either to the Evidence de- 
livered to the Arbitrators, or to any Principle of Reason 
or Justice", and containing a long further argument to that 
effect. On 12th April Mr. Rutledge wrote that an absence 
from town had delayed his acknowledgment of the re- 
ceipt of this letter, which, however, he would lay before the 
arbitrators at their next meeting. A reply from Dr. Ban- 
croft of the same date re-asserted the title of the Prince to 
an allowance for detention after the troops were actually 
on board, which part of his claim, he said, had never been 
disputed "until the last Day of the Hearing, when a new 
Account had been irregularly produced, but without the 
smallest Attempt, at least in my (his) Hearing or Presence 


to support it by any Kind of Evidence or Reason whatever, 
excepting one transient suggestion by the Commodore, im- 
porting that this last Detention had been the Consequence 
of his former Embarrassments, and of his contract with 
Colonel Laurens". 

On 13th April Rutledge wrote that the arbitrators were 
unanimously of the opinion that Bancroft's letters of the 
9th and 1 2th were of such a nature as to render it impossible 
to proceed further in the case. Nevertheless he took occa- 
sion to inform Dr. Bancroft that neither Commodore Gillon 
nor any other person had been with them at any time during 
the progress of the arbitration, except when he (Dr. Ban- 
croft) had been present, nor had any evidence or reasoning 
been offered to them in his absence. Dr. Bancroft then on 
17th April wrote to the Governor an ingenious assumption 
that the action of the Legislature in authorizing the arbitra- 
tion had settled the times and place of payment, and that 
the amount only of what was due to the Prince remained 
to be ascertained. The Governor curtly replied that this 
letter, as well as those passed between Dr. Bancroft and the 
arbitrators, would be laid before the Legislature at the next 
sitting. Bancroft soon after left Charleston. 

What must strike the reader of these proceedings are the 
curious insolence shown by Dr. Bancroft and these facts: 
1st, that the claim for the loss of the ship was formulated 
in the name of the Prince, as by the treaty, and not in that 
of the King of France as its owner ; 2nd, that no claim was 
made by the Prince in behalf of the legionaries, who yet 
within a few years obtained in Paris a judgment against 
the Prince.* 

It would be well here to recall to mind, for comparison 
with the dates in the history of these claims, those marking 
the progress of the French Revolution. 

On 7th May, 1789, the States General met and soon de- 
clared itself a National Assembly. 

On 14th June, 1789, the Bastille was destroyed, and then 

*Dr. Bancroft's case is given in full in Series 3, Vol. 3 of Wm. 
Loughton Smith's Collection of Pamphlets in the Charleston Library. 


commenced the emigration of the Princes of the blood and 
of the nobility. 

On 20th September, 1789, a new constitution was assented 
to by the King. 

On 6th October, 1789, the mob of Paris attacked the 
Palace of Versailles and carried the King in triumph to the 
Tuileries in Paris, where he was thenceforth practically a 

On 22nd September, 1792, the RepubHc was decreed. 

On 2 1 St January, 1793, the King was guillotined. 

On 29th January, 1795, Robespierre was executed. 

On 27th October, 1795, under a new constitution, the 
Directory took over the executive power. 

In November, 1799, occurred the coup d'etat which placed 
Bonaparte in power as First Consul. 

And on 3rd May, 1804, Napoleon Bonaparte was created 

In South Carolina the desire to settle these claims against 
the State did not cease with the deparure of Dr. Bancroft, 
for by resolutions of nth and 21st May, 1786, the Legisla- 
ture liquidated the amount and payments were made amount- 
ing to £191-3/10 on 17th December, 1788. But on 12th Oc- 
tober, 1787, the Prince of Luxembourg executed in Paris a 
power of attorney in favor of Ferdinand Grand, Dr. Ban- 
croft, and John Browne Cutting, with a power of substitu- 
tion, and on 28th October, 1788, an agreement was signed 
between Dr. Bancroft and Cutting under the terms of which 
Cutting was to settle the whole business and to receive a 
commission of 2 1/2%, if completed within a certain period, 
and of 3%, if later. Thereupon in 1789 Cutting appeared 
in Charleston as agent for the Prince. 

Through Mr. Cutting's exertions a settlement was 
effected under date of 19th January, 1789, under which the 
debt was to be funded with interest at s7o from 7th Sep- 
tember, 1785, to 13th March, 1789, when principal and in- 
terest were to be consolidated, thereafter drawing 7% on 
whole amount. 

About this time the Prince of Luxembourg left France, 
and, under the severe law in reference to the emigrant 


nobles, his property there was cwifiscated. He died in Switz- 
erland on 15th June, 1790, intestate, but previously, at some 
time in 1788-89, judgments had been obtained against him 
in France in favor of the three classes of legionaries. Class 

I consisted of those who served on the South Carolina; Qass 

II was called the "India division," and Qass III contained 
those who took part in the invasion of Jersey. After the death 
of the Prince the agents of the legionaries had attempted 
to pursue in France the estate of the Prince, and a curator 
had been there appointed, against whom the legionaries had 
entered judgment. In the course of these proceedings it 
was asserted that procurators for the Duke of Luxembourg 
and the Marquise de Serran, brother and sister of the de- 
cedent, had in their name renounced the inheritance as more 
onerous than profitable. These said relatives were then in 
exile, having lost by confiscation all their property in France. 
The Duke was residing in Portugal, and the Marquise in 
London. Apparently the only assets of the estate of the 
Prince were his claims against South Carolina. 

We have found no record of the formulation up to 1794 
of a direct claim upon the State by either of the successive 
French Governments. It is, however, possible that one was 
made. A most interesting communication or note from the 
French Consul to the authorities of the State, written in 
1797, shows the attitude of that Government at that date. 
From it the following has been extracted and translated into 
English : 

"The debt of Carolina to France is of two sorts: The one is the 
"price of a vessel called the 'Indian', the use of which for three years 
"had been obtained by the Prince of Luxembourg, and ceded by him 
"to the State of Carolina, then represented by Commodore Gillon. 

"But, as attorneys of the Prince and later of his heirs have filed 
"claims as to the ownership of this vessel, it is natural that the State 
"of Carolina should remain in possession of these funds until a com- 
*V>€tent tribunal, having taken cognizance of the different claims, shall 
"have recognised the undeniable title of the French government." 

The other debt treated of in this "note" was for the value 
of the "fluttes la Truite et la Bricole" and for certain muni- 
tions of war and equipments sold to the State by France, 
partially offset by value of supplies and provisions furnished 
by the State to the squadron and army of Count d'Estaing 


during the short campaign ended by the disastrous defeat 
at Savannah in 1779. It will be remembered that the Truite 
and the Bricole were a part of the fleet commanded by Com- 
modore Whipple, which shared the fate of Charles Town 
when that place fell to Sir Henry Clinton in 1780. 

Also it may be possible that a direct claim on the State 
may have been made by agents of the legionaries prior to 
1802. Those curious about these details may perhaps find 
them in the archives of the State in Columbia. But the 
legionaries were during all this period seeking their remedy 
by establishing in the French Courts claims against the 
Prince and his estate as before stated ; and these, we will see 
later, were followed up by proceedings in Charleston against 
that estate both in the Circuit Court of the United States 
and in the Court of the Ordinary. 

In this latter Court, on Nov. 12th, 1794, a citation was 
granted to John Browne Cutting, of Charleston, gentleman, 
to administer as principal creditor on the estate and effects 
of Anne Paul Emanuel Sigismond de Montmorency Luxem- 
bourg, late of Paris, gentleman, deceased; and on jst De- 
cember, 1794, Mr. Cutting appeared. Then ensued a most in- 
teresting and remarkable incident. This was an attempt on 
behalf of the French Government to assert for that country 
what is todaj^ called an ex-territorial jurisdiction. D. A. 
Hall, Esq., (Dominic A. Hall — enrolled an attorney at 
Charleston 1789) appeared as proctor for the French Con- 
sul and excepted to the jurisdiction of the Court, contending 
that, under the convention of 14th November, 1788, between 
France and the United States^ this power was vested solely 
in the French Consul, and that, albeit the intestate had not 
died within the Consulate, his property lay there, thus 
bringing the case within the spirit and intention of the con- 
vention. The Ordinary, Charles Lining,* once an officer 
of the Continental Line of South Carolina, promptly and in 
decided terms ruled against this contention, which to an 
American of this century must seem a startling one. 

•Charles Lining— enrolled an attorney at law 1774 — Captain Con- 
tinental Line of So. Co. — Prisoner at fall of Charleston 1780-— Ordinary 


Thereupon Thomas Bee, Esq/ went upon the stand and 
gave a sketch of the matter, as it had been brought to his 
attention officially as a delegate to the Continental Congress. 
Mr. Bee further expressed his constant belief that "all the 
benefits of the treaty (including the payment of 100,000 
livres) were solely to accrue to the Prince." 

Then Mr. Cutting, having produced his powers and con- 
tract for commissions, &c., alleged his services since 1780 
in the matter, for all of which he had never received any 
compensation, and claimed that he was thus a substantial 
creditor. In reply Mr. Hall claimed that the ship was the 
property of the King, who therefore was entitled to the 
chief part of the funded debt and was the principal creditor; 
and that, this property being now vested in the French Re- 
public, the administration should be granted to the Consul. 
The Ordinary decreed in favor of Mr. Cutting on the grounds 
that the Prince clearly had an interest in the estate; that 
the question as to what part might belong to the Republic of 
France was a matter for judicial determination and could 
be ascertained by a suit in the Federal Court ; and that Mr. 
Cutting had rendered great services in time and money. Mr. 
Cutting qualified on loth December, 1794, his sureties being 
James Heyward, planter, and William Crafts, merchant. 
During the same month Mr. Cutting filed an inventory, in 
which it was recited that there was no property belonging 
to this estate, except a debt due by the State of South Caro- 
lina, said to be subject to a claim by the Republic of France. 
The principal was stated as £9,856.11/6 and interest from 
14th March, 1789, to 14th December, 1794, at 7% — 
£3,967.5/2, making a total in sterling of £13,323.16/8. 

After the lapse of nearly four years Mr. William Crafts 
on 27th November, 1798, petitioned the Court for relief as 
surety of John B. Cutting, alleging that he had been alarmed 
by efforts made by Mr. Cutting to withdraw from the State 
the debt due by the State contrary to engagment made with 
petitioner, and also alleging that Mr. Cutting was a "tran- 
sient person''. On 30th November a citation was granted 

'Thomas Bee— Continental Congress 1780-82; U. S. District Judge 


to Crafts to cite Cutting to show cause why this relief should 
not be granted, and also a special citation at the instance of 
Montmorency, Duke of Luxembourg, brother of the late 
Prince, to cite Cutting to show cause why his administration 
should not be revoked. And on loth December, 1798, Cut- 
ting assenting, his administration was revoked, and letters 
granted to said William Crafts, whose sureties were Na- 
thaniel Heyward, planter, of St. Bartholomew's, James Mil- 
ler, Thomas Ogier and Ebenezer Coffin, all of Charleston, 
merchants, and the estate was estimated not to exceed 
$64,000. Here matters in the Ordinary's Court rested until 
March, 1807. 

Meantime the parties in interest had not ceased to press 
upon the State their demands. We cannot follow in de- 
tail the efforts of the State to settle the conflicting claims, 
but the salient facts will be found recited in the later pro- 
ceedings in the Court of the Ordinary and in the Acts of As- 
sembly. On 1 8th May, 1807, the Ordinary granted a citation 
to Romain Marie Dauthereau to cite William Crafts to show 
cause why his administration should not be revoked. With 
Crafts appeared Timothy Ford,* Esq., as proctor, and with 
Dauthereau William Drayton* Esq. 

Dauthereau asked this revocation on the ground that the 
relatives of the Prince, in whose behalf Crafts administered, 
had renounced title to the estate in favor of certain creditors 
represented by him, and, as their agent, he now applied for 
the administration. In support of this he exhibited the 
Duke's renunciation of inheritance, dated i6th December, 
1790. Mr. Ford objected that this renunciation was by an 
agent of an attorney, and that the original power had not 
been produced ; and further, that in any case the renuncia- 
tion applied only to property in France and not in the United 

"Timothy Ford — enrolled an attorney 1786 — a native of New Jer- 
sey — wounded at Battle of Springfield 1780 — President of Charleston 
Library Society, &c. (O'Neall). 

•William Drayton — enrolled an attorney 1797 — Lieut-Col and Colo- 
nel U. S. Army 1812-15— Recorder of Charleston 1819-23— Member of 
Congress 1825-33— died in Philadelphia May 24th, 1846 (O'Neall). 


William Loughton Smith Esq." sometime Minister of the 
United States at the Court of Portugal, then deposed that 
he had known in Lisbon in 1797 the Duke of Luxembourg, 
who had frequently spoken to him in reference to this claim 
and had wished him to take from him a power of attorney : 
that the Duke had stated that, if the djelay in collecting was 
on account of the largeness of the debt, he would be then 
satisfied to have it liquidated and to receive only the interest ; 
that the Portuguese Minister to the United States had re- 
ceived from the Duke a power of attorney and had conferred 
with Col. Pickering about it. Letters were produced from 
Mr. Pickering to Mr. Thomas Parker," U. S. District Attor- 
ney, dated 21st November, 1797, ^^^ 5^^ January, 1799; 
also one to Mr. Crafts dated 21st March, 1800, all claiming 
this debt in behalf of the Ehike. Also there were produced 
affidavits showing the death of the Prince, a bachelor and in- 
testate ; that his heirs were his brother, the Ehike of Luxem- 
bourg, and his sister, Madame de Seran, who had been 
driven from France during the Revolution, and were resid- 
ing in straitened circumstances; one in Portugal, the other 
in England. There was produced also a power of attorney 
from Charles Emanuel Sigismond de Montmorency Luxem- 
bourg, dated 4th October, 1805, reciting the death of the late 
Duke, and his own status as heir to the Prince. At this 
state of the proceedings Mr. Drayton asked and was granted 
an adjournment to allow of his procuring certain documents 
from France, 

Between the dates of this adjournment and of the next 
hearing in the Probate Court the Assembly had taken great 
forward steps towards a settlement of the claims. By the 
act of 19th December, 1807, 224,000 livres with one year's 
interest, or the equivalent of $45,226.66, were ordered to be 
I>aid to Mr. Chancoine, or his successor in office, or to a 
duly authorized agent of the French Government, being that 

"William Loughton Smith — Student Middle temple, London, en- 
rolled an attorney in Charleston 1784 — Representative in Congress 
1788-97— Minister to Portugal 1797— Minister to Spain 1800— died De- 
cember, 1812. See So. Ca. Hist, and Gen. Mag., Vol. IV, p. 252. 

"Timothy Pickering — Colonel Continental Line — Postmaster General 
1791-95— Secretary of War 1795— Secretary of State 1795-1800. Thom- 
as Parker— U. S. District Attorney 1792-1821. 


part of the Luxembourg debt claimed by the Imperial Decree 
of "18 Brumaire, an treize". The text of this decree is not 
before us, but we can readily suppose that the new Emperor, 
whose sceptre was a sword, and whose throne rested upon 
bayonets, must have made very clear his meaning. The 
same Appropriation Act of 1807 ordered to be paid to the 
lawful administrator of the Prince the balance due by the 
State of the sum liquidated by the resolution of March nth 
and 2ist, 1786, after deducting pa)mients of £191.3/10 made 
on 17th December^ 1788, and of £1,000 to John Browne Cut- 
ting, Administrator, and of $45,226.66 therein directed to 
be paid to the French Government. 

The Assembly further ordered the Attorney General to 
file a bill of interpleader in the Court of Equity, making de- 
fendants of all claiming in right of legionaries and others 
who had served on the frigate South Carolina, It also au- 
thorized the Comptroller General to pay such other legion- 
aries or others on board said frigate, if satisfied of identity 
and authenticity. But on 17th December, 1808, the authori- 
zation to pay this balance to the administrator was repealed, 
which action may have been caused by the legal difficulties 
now to be described. By 4th March, 1808, both sides to the 
case in the Probate Court seem to have been reinforced by 
numerous documents from Europe and elsewhere, and the 
legal warfare flamed afresh. As proctor for Dauthereau, 
William Drayton had been replaced by John Greddes," while 
for Crafts Timothy Ford again appeared. 

The proceedings lasted intermittingly until 28th April. 
The petition of Dauthereau set forth the intestacy of the 
Prince and the renunciation of the inheritance by his brother 
and sister; also that various judgments obtained in France 
and this country made the legionaries, represented by him, 
the sole creditors. It set forth further that the administra- 
tion formerly granted to Cutting was unauthorized by law, 
and that the later administration granted to Crafts had been 
obtained by surprise ; that, in face of the renunciation by the 
Duke, his son had no better status than the father, and yet 
in this behalf Mr. Crafts claimed the administration. Fur- 

"John Geddes— Governor of South Carolina 1818-20. 


ther the petitioner claimed that the estate had not been ad- 
ministered according to law; that money received by Mr. 
Cutting had been squandered or applied to his private use; 
that Mr. Crafts had taken no steps to recover from Cutting, 
for whom he (Crafts) was liable as security, and that no 
account of that sum had been rendered to the Ordinary. 

Mr. Ford read the answer of Crafts, which denied that 
the brother and sister of the Prince had ever freely re- 
nounced their inheritance in France, but asserted that in 
any case such renunciation only applied to property in 
France and not to money due from South Carolina. The 
answer then set forth the exile of the family and the severe 
penalties to which the exiles were subjected, especially that 
of confiscation of property, and also the very heavy penalties 
that would have been incurred by a return to France. It 
further recited the constant efforts made by the Duke to ob- 
tain the money due by the State, and called attention to the 
fact that this claim of a renunciation had never been set up in 
this country until after the death of the EKike in 1803 ; fur- 
ther that his son had become reconciled to the French gov- 
ernment, and had been permitted to reside in Paris, and be- 
fore the tribunals there had taken out administration of the 
estate of the Prince, and on records of said tribunals h?d 
been styled his heir. In regard to the question of malad- 
ministration, the respondent submitted that it was not a 
subject of trial in this form or before this Court, yet answer- 
ing said that the money paid Cutting was paid by special 
order of the Legislature at the treasury, where he had given 
special security by virtue of the order, and that over this 
matter only the Legislature had control ; and further that a 
suit was now pending in the Federal Court in the name of 
Cutting to recover a large sum. 

It is needless to list here the many docimients and exem- 
plifications filed by the contesting proctors, though of great 
interest. Among them were judgments in Paris against 
the Prince in 1788 and 1789 in favor of the ist, 2nd, and 
3rd classes of legionaries for prize money, and in confirma- 
tion thereof also against the curator of his estate appointed 
under said proceedings in 1790 after his death; also three 


judgments in the Circuit Court of the United States against 
Crafts, Administrator, in favor of the legionary creditors : 

I St, at the suit of Duhamel and Betancourt $92,703 

2nd, o f Duhamel $58,85 5 

3rd, of Dauthereau, Dussaux and Oger ,. $34,385 

all under resolve of Assembly 15th December, 1802. 

Also among them was a letter from M. Marbois to M. 
Pichon, Commissary of the Commercial Relations in Amer- 
ica, dated 13th December, 1804, covering the decree of Bc«i- 
aparte 9th November, 1804, by which on payment of 224,- 
000 Hvres the French Government would withdraw all oppo- 
sition to the payments by the treasury to the marines of the 
South Carolina. 

The grounds on which Mr. Geddes asked revocation of 
the administration were two-fold and well deserve mention. 
The first was that the administration granted to Cutting was 
unlawful in that the Prince had no residence in this State ; 
that the Prince did not die in this State; that he had 
no personal property in this State, for which an admin- 
istration could be granted; that there was no liquidated 
debt here; that the inventory and the Gillon treaty were in 
the trunk of the Prince, who had died in Switzerland ; that 
administration could only be granted where the specialty 
was, or where the intestate died ; and that the case could not 
be altered even though the debt might have been liquidated 
in the Prince's lifetime; that' Cutting's administration was 
therefore illegal, and that of Crafts no less so. To Mr. 
Ford's contention that the present applicant (Dauthereau) 
had recognized the present administrator by bringing suits 
against him, Mr. Geddes replied that these suits were by di- 
rection of the Legislature, in order that creditors might sub- 
stantiate themselves as such. Mr. Geddes further main- 
tained that, even if the granting of this administration were 
possible in South Carolina, it should have been granted in 
Columbia and not in Charleston. Mr. Geddes' argument 
under this first ground was long and ingenious, and was 
largely based on the death of the Prince in a foreign coun- 


try. But his conclusions were incisively swept aside by the 
Ordinary, who declared that under the law he had the power 
disputed by Mr. Geddes, and that so mischievous a doctrine 
would unhinge every administration of a party dying 
abroad; that he had always exercised this authority and 
would continue to do so. 

Mr. Geddes then stated his second ground. He argued 
that the administration to Cutting had been granted un- 
known to present creditors and by surprise ; that the grant 
of an administration to Crafts was also by surprise, and that 
the Ordinary could revoke same if shown that it was granted 
through surprise or misrepresentation. He then submitted 
that there had been maladministration on the part of Mr. 
Cutting, and that Mr. Crafts had made no return any more 
than Mr. Cutting had. Mr. Geddes made the further point 
that Crafts was a surety on the administration bond of Mr. 
Cutting, and was therefore responsible for his maladminis- 
tration. To this Mr. Crafts' reply was that given in his 
answer, quoted above. The Ordinary in his decision gave 
a learned disquisition on "stuprise" and then said that this 
administration had been granted thirteen years before, and 
that, as far back as 14th December, 1803, the Legislature had 
been passing resolutions respecting Mr. Dauthereau ; that in 
all this time there had been no suggestion of surprise and 
that it was now too late; that, besides, there had been filed 
a caveat, and upon this there had been a debate ; that this 
case was one of discretion and election, and that he was of 
opinion that he had no right, at the instance of the creditors, 
to revoke the administration granted to Mr. Crafts. With 
this decision by the Ordinary matters seem to have rested 
in this Court until 1813. 

On 24th November, 1813, William Wightman, jeweller, 
of Charleston, qualified as administrator of the effects of 
Anne Paul Emanuel Sigismond de Montmorency Luxem- 
bourg, late of Paris, gentleman, deceased. William Crafts 
had some time before come into Court and surrendered his 
letters of administration in favor of Mr. Elnathan Haskell,** 

"Elnathan Haskell — Major Continental Line of Mass. — served from 
1776 to 1784. He settled in South Carolina on the -disbandmcnt of the 


who had declined qualifying in favor of Mr. Wightman. 
Mr. Wightman's sureties were George Keith and John M. 
Ehrick, and the value of the estate was stated not to exceed 

The Appropriation Act for 18 14 directed the Treasurer 
of the lower division to issue to William Wightman, as legal 
administrator of the Prince of Luxembourg, $28,894.50 in 
stock of this State at six per cent, upon receiving a full dis- 
charge of all claims against the State. The frightful de- 
struction or loss of public records during the Confederate 
War must account for the fact that neither the final return 
of the administrator nor his discharge are on file in the 
Probate Court. The same fate befell the records of the Cir- 
cuit Court of the United States, but an old index-book now 
in the Clerk's office shows, under date of 18 10, three judg- 
ments still unsatisfied against William Crafts, administrator, 
in favor of creditors of the Prince. Whether this money 
ultimately found its way to the Duke or to Dauthereau and 
his friends must be settled by other evidences, but later allu- 
sions to it would seem to indicate that it was paid over to 
the Duke. 

The authorities of the State seem to have made at no time 
denial of their responsibilities, but to have constantly de- 
sired only to ascertain who were the proper claimants. The 
extraordinary network of litigation; the interposition by 
the new republican government of France of a direct con- 
flicting claim, not made by its predecessor, the King^s gov- 
ernment ; the curious effect of the confiscation of the prop- 
erty of emigrant noblemen, while the French Courts were 
recording judgments for prior debts against them; the set- 
ting up of these judgments in South Carolina as liens; all 
of these facts can readily explain much of the delay in the 
adjustment of these two claims : ist, that for the loss of the 
ship; 2nd, that of the Prince for prize-money and other 
matters. The claims of the legionaries come under a third 
head. It would seem clear that only those legionaries had 
direct claims against the State who had actually served on 
board of the South Carolina. In the records of the case these 
are designated as Class I. Class II, or the "India divis- 


ion" (whatever that might mean), could have claims against 
the Prince, but not against the State, and the same seems 
true of Class III, or those lost to the service by the unfortu- 
nate invasion of Jersey.** 

Two documents give us succinctly the history of the claims 
made on the State by the legionaries of Class I. The first 
of these is a letter to Governor Adams, under date of 25th 
November, 1853, from the Count de Choiseul, French Con- 
sul in Charleston. He refers the Governor to the proceed- 
ings of the Legislature in 1824, following a communication 
from the French Charge des Affaires in Washington, from 
which it appeared that all other claimants in the case had 
been paid; the Prince, the American seamen, the French 
government, all except the French seamen. He especially 
referred to the report of the Comptroller General in 1804, 
and to that of a committee in 1807. He recited that in 18 19 
a committee of the House had reported that frauds and 
irregularities in obtaining decrees in favor of certain indi- 
viduals had made it advisable to pay no more of these claims ; 
that thereupon the claimants had appealed to their own gov- 
ernment; and that in 1824 it had been proposed to the State 
to transfer to that government for investigation by French 
Courts the funds remaining due to legionaries; that this 
had been declined by the Assembly on the ground that the 
evidence in relation to these claims had been brought to this 
country, where the claims had been prosecuted. In renewing 
the application for the transfer of the funds the Consul re- 
minded the State that similar claims were at that time urged 
against France in behalf of citizens of the United States 
and paid by France into the United States Treasury, "in 
the benefit of which it is believed the citizens of South Caro- 
lina largely participated". This naive allusion to the French 
Spoliation Oaims will undoubtedly be read with a grim 
smile by many now living in South Carolina." 

"As to invasion of Jersey see So. Ca. Hist, and Gen. Mag., Vol. 
IX, p. 202. 

*^hese claims originated in the French aggressions on American 
commerce in 1793, 1794, and 1795, and, by the treaty with France of 
30th September, 1800, the United States Government for a full consider- 
ation contracted to pay the claimants. By Secretary Pickering in 
1797 the claims were estimated to exceed twenty millions. They were 


The second document is the report of a joint-committee 
of the Legislature, submitted in December, 1850, signed by 
Messrs. A. Mazyck and William D. Porter of the Senate, 
and by Edward Frost and Isaac W. Hayne of the House." 
This recited that in obedience to a resolution of the Legis- 
lature of December, 1802, the Comptroller General, Mr. Paul 
Hamilton," had in 1803 presented a statement showing the 
names of the legionaries who had served as marines on board 
the frigate, and the sums to which each was entitled as pay 
and prize money, which sums aggregated £1,867.15/1; 
that on 14th December, 1803, the' Legislature had ordered 
these marines to be paid, provided they had not deserted be- 
fore the capture of the ship, and provided also that on a 
feigned issue in the Common Pleas it was proved that the 
persons claiming were authorized to receive the payments; 
that on 25th June, 1805, the sums due twenty-five of the said 
legionaries had been paid to their attorney, John F. De 
Lorme; that it was quite certain that none other of them had 
been paid; that from general statements in the reports of 
the Comptroller General for 1808-09-10, and 181 1 it would 
appear that payments had been made to some of the legion- 
aries in each of those years; but that it was clear that these 
payments had been made to other persons, who had served 
as officers and seamen on the frigate, and that these had 
been inadvertently confounded with legionaries; that de- 
ducting the principal due those who were paid off in 1804, 
viz., £233.3/0, from £1,367.15/1 (the amount reported in 
1803 as due) the balance unpaid was £1,134.12/1, equal to 
$4,684.02; that those paid in 1804 had been allowed interest 
at the rate of seven per cent, to which they were undoubtedly 
entitled, because until December, 1803, no arrangement had 

again and again reported on in Congress as perfectly just in princi- 
ple. Between 1885 and 1887 claimants were allowed to sue in the 
Court of Claims, but the loss of their proofs by the lapse of time and 
by the ravages of the Confederate War left to many claimants in 
South Carolina only a justifiable sense of injury. 

"A. Mazyck— Senator from St. James, Santee. William D. Porter- 
President of Senate 1858-66. Lieut-Governor 1866. Edward Frost— 
1801-68. U. S. District Attorney 1830. Law Judge 1843-53. Isaac W. 
Hayne— 1809-80. Attorney General 184&-68. 

"Taul Hamilton— Governor So. Ca. 1804-06.--Complti'oller 1799- 
1804.— U. S. Secretary of the Navy 1809-13. 


been made for paying them; that in December, 1804, the 
French Government had interposed a claim, which had pre- 
vented further payments until 1807, when that claim had 
been settled ; that from that time until December, 1819, any 
might have obtained payment by makinjg application and 
showing themselves entitled, but that the authority given to 
the Comptroller General had been revoked in consequence 
of the frauds and falsehood of one Asa Delozier, claiming to 
be the attorney of some of the legionaries. 

Therefore the committee, in consideration of the distance 
and the difficulties in the way of men who were poor and ob- 
scure, trying each to collect a small sum, recommended that 
the sum be placed for distribution in the possession of the 
government of the claimants, putting the amount at $27,- 
635-71, provided the interest was to be calculated at seven 
per cent., and at $21,078.02 if same were allowed at five per 

On 15th December, 1854, the Senate resolved that the 
Comptroller General be authorized to pay over to the French 
Government $27,635.71, and that he be'instructed to furnish 
at the same time to that Government a list of names and 
amounts. The House, however, referred the report to the 
Committee on Qaims, who in December, 1855, recommended 
pa)rment of the principal and interest, preferring five per 
cent., the legal rate of France. The dd>ate that followed was 
long and interesting. In it toc^ part men whose names 
were later to be heard of in the great conflicts of war and 
reconstruction. Memminger and Trenholm were each to 
serve the Confederate States as Secretary of the Treasury, 
and Perry to act as provisional Governor under President 
Johnson's abortive attempt at reconstruction. In it were 
heard, too, John Izard Middleton and J. Harleston Read of 
Prince George, Winyaw; Nelson Mitchell, John Siegling, 
Jr., and James B. Campbell of St. Philip's and St. Michael's; 
George D. Tillman of Edgefield; Boyleston of Fairfield; 
Thomson of Abbeville; and Mullins of Marion. 

It amuses one to learn that Dr. Johnson's book, the "Tra- 
ditions of the Revolution", was given as authority for the 
assertion that these claims had already been paid by the 


United States Government, which statement was promptly 
contradicted and disproved. 

The argument as to whether justice required that the in- 
terest should be computed at the legal rate of South Caro- 
lina or of France was settled in favor of the higher rate. 
Also, in the argument it was stated by Mr. Campbell that it 
was of record that there had been paid into the treasury of 
the State $115,000 for prizes taken by the frigate South 

The report of the committee was agreed to, and on 19th 
December the appropriation bill was amended so as to pro- 
vide for the payment of $27,635.70, with further interest on 
the principal sum of the debt from 15th December, 1854, to 
the agent of the French Government appointed to receive 
the same. This was the final action of the State in regard to 
what were known as the Luxembourg Qaims. 

But of course these various payments did not cover by any 
means the losses of the State resulting from this naval ven- 
ture. The Assembly was for many years occupied in audit- 
ing and providing for the foreign war-debts of the State, and 
among them were included those incurred in France and 
Holland by the Commodore of the Navy. In the settlement 
of these foreign debts Gillon's stepson, Mr. John Splatt 
Cripps, had early been employed as the agent of the State, 
and we find him with William Crafts still serving in that 
capacity in 1797. Mr. Cripps continued to serve the State 
in this capacity for a considerably longer period. Appar- 
ently, too, the affairs of the frigate figured in the final settle- 
ment between the State and Federal government. These 
accounts might all possibly be reconstructed by a diligent 
search among the records in the Capitol in Columbia and 
elsewhere, but the value of it would hardly be commensurate 
with the labor, and a partial statement would be misleading. 

At the time of Gillon's death his account with the State 
was still unsettled, and had been complicated in a curious 
way with other matters growing out of the political condi- 
tions of the period. Under the confiscation acts of 1782 the 
commissioners had sold many tracts of land, and among the 
buyers had been Gillon. The treaty of peace with Great 


Britain had affected the titles to many of these lands, and in 
many cases the purchasers were looking to the State for re- 
lief. At the time of Gillon's death in 1794 a chancery suit 
was pending between Gillon and the State. In this case the 
complainants were the commissioners of public accounts, 
Amoldus Vanderhorst and John Lewis Gervais, for whom 
appeared the Attorney General, Mr. John Julius Pringle," 
assisted by Mr. John Bee Holmes. For Gillon appeared 
Messrs. Moultrie, Hall, Pinckney, Rutledge and Harper. 

The status of this case, when Gillon left South Carolina 
to take his seat in Congress for the last time, may be best 
shown by inserting here his letter to Governor Moultrie, 
which appeared in the Citiy Gazette and Daily Advertiser 
of 24th April, 1794. It reads as follows: 

Dear Sir, 

As I am about to depart this State, to comply with the 
desire of my constituents, of taking my scat in the federal house of 
representatives, now met in Philadelphia, I conceive it a duty I owe to 
you as chief magistrate of this state to acquaint you in what state the 
suit between the public and myself is; that, if you deem it necessary, 
you will be pleased to lay the same before both houses of the legis-* 
lature, at their next meetmg in Columbia, at as early a period as may 
be convenient. 

Having filed a full replv to the bill urged by the commissioners of 
public accounts, which, with the official documents attending it, 
clearly refutes every charge of errors, the case was attended to at 
the last term of the court of equity, and a partial decree took place 
thereon as per copy herewith offered. The first part I have complied with, 
and have consulted my referee, Mr. William Crafts, on the latter part, 
who has received my general account, with vouchers, and is of opinion 
my presence is not necessary; particularly, as the case cannot be 
finally determined on until the next term, in the month of June. I 
am the more confident in the propriety of my attending to my federal 
duty, from the certainty that, even after allowing credit for whatever 
the commissioners on public accounts have been pleased to debit me 
with in their last account, the State is greatly indebted to me for large 
sums advanced in specie during the last war, and for property sold 
me by the commissioners of confiscated estates, which the public cannot 
support their titles to, and of course must be returned to them, auid 
they accordingly deduct the same from the debits against me, which 
amounts to upwards of fifteen thousand pounds; therefore no injury 
can arise to the public by my short absence ; for should it even be pos- 
sible, tfiat the public can make good their titles for the lands in dis- 
pute, and not admit any deductions, or that any accidental errors 
(altho' I know of none) may cause a balance in favor of the public, 

"Amoldus Vanderhorst — Governor of South Carolina 1792-94. John 
Lewis Gervais— Continental Congress 1782-3. John Julius Pringlc — 
Speaker of the House S. C. 1787-9— Attorney General S. C 1792-1808 
— U. S. District Attorney 1789. 


I shall be at all times prepared to pay the same, at the discount of five 
for one, conformably to the law passed for the relief of John Lewis 
Gervais, and others indebted to the public for purchases payable in 
indents, or to pay the same in indents of the state. 

In this state of the case, I dare to flatter myself that, so far from 
the legislature again interfering in what was, and still is pending in 
the proper court of decision, they will expunge from their journals 
the resolution of the fourth of December last, passed in the house of 
representatives before I had the least intimation thereof. 

The gentlemen who are members of both houses, and who have 
perused the documents I have produced— documents not of a private 
nature, BUT PROOFS, produced out of the treasury of this State, 
and from the federal settlements with this State by the commissioners — 
will, I trust, explain and advocate them. 

In that assurance, and relying on the wisdom and justice of the 
legislature, I attend to my federal duty; and have the honor to be, 
with every respect 

Your excellency's most obedient 

Humble servant 

A. Gillon. 

Charleston, 15 April, 1794. 

The appended document was not a ''partial decree," but an 
interlocutory order that Gillon should produce and deposit 
with the Register in Equity his "original portage bill book," 
of the South Carolina, his vouchers and all indents issued to 
him by the Treasurer, and that all accounts between him and 
the State should be referred to the Master in Equity, assisted 
as auditors by Mr. John Dawson, by Mr. William Crafts, 
and by Mr. Edward Darrell, nominated by the Attorney 
General, by Gillon, and by the Court respectively. A certifi- 
cate that Gillon had complied with this order was also pub- 

The progress of this suit seems to have been delayed by 
the death of the defendant in October of the same year, for 
it is mentioned in 1795 in the report of the Commissioners 
to settle accounts, signed by John Lewis Gervais, that the 
suit against the late Commodore Gillon had been renewed 
as soon as the law permitted, and was expected to come on 
at the next term. But not until November, 1801, did the 
Comptroller General report that this "interesting suit" had 
been decided and a decree given in favor of the State for the 
indents lodged with the Master and for a further sum of 
$42,571.00 in specie, which he feared could not be recovered 
on account of the insolvency of the estate and the numerous 
prior judgments. Apparently the offsets claimed by Gillon 
were many of them not allowed. 


It may be well to tell briefly here what befell Capt. Joyner 
on his return home from captivity. After the capture of 
the South Carolina Captain Joyner was held a prisoner in 
New York, and was released upon the "cessation of arms". 
The Gazette of loth May, 1783, mentions his arrival in 
Charles Town on a "flag vessel" from New York. He, too, 
had to meet the judgment of his country, for, on loth 
March, 1784, the Legislature passed an ordinance, amended 
on 26th, which authorized and instructed a board of officers, 
who had served during the war in the Navy of the State, to 
sit as a Court-martial to inquire into the loss of the frigate 
South Carolina, and the conduct of Capt. Joyner. These offi- 
cers were Captains Robert Cochran, Stephen Seymour, Wil- 
liam Hall, Jacob Milligan, John Hatter, Simon Tufts, 
Charles Crowley and Lieut. John Mayrant. 

Each of these had done good service, and the name of each 
finds again and again honorable mention in the naval annals 
of the war. Cochran had early been employed on a mission 
to the northern colonies to enlist seamen for the projected 
navy. His services in June, 1776, had been found valuable 
by Gen. Charles Lee, who described him as "a very active 
man". Later in the same year he sailed to France in com- 
mand of the Notre Dame. In 1780 he became a prisoner at 
the fall of Charles Town and was sent to St. Augustine. 
Stephen Seymour commenced his service at the very outbreak 
and in 1776-77 commanded the Rattlesnake, which in 1779, 
under Frisbie, after a gallant combat in the Stono, was fired 
and deserted by her crew. We find him also in command of 
the Notre Dame in 1777. The names of William Hall and 
the brigantine-of-war Notre Dame can never be spoken or 
heard in South Carolina without enthusiasm, for the services 
of each were continuous and notable. In the action with the 
British frigate Yarmouth, in 1778, the Notre Dame lay 
across the stern of the enemy when Captain Biddle and the 
entire crew of the Continental frigate Randolph perished 
in the explosion that destroyed the ship. This glorious 
Notre Dame was sunk with other ships in 1780 by the de- 
fenders of Charles Town for the purpose of blocking the 
channel of the Cooper against the passage of Arbuthnot's 


fleet. Hall became a prisoner, and was sent with Cochran to 
St. Augustine. Jacob Milligan, as a lieutenant of the Pros- 
per in 1776, boarded the frigate Actaeon, as she lay, burn- 
ing and deserted by her crew, on the shoal where Fort Sum- 
ter now stands, and, firing her guns at the British fleet, he 
brought off her flag ere she blew up. John Hatter we find 
in the Hope, making a successful voyage to France in 1776. 
Captured on his return, he was carried into St. Augustine, 
and underwent a long imprisonment. Simon Tufts in the 
Defence, to cover the blocking of Hog Island Channel, en- 
gaged on nth and 12th November, 1775, the British sloop- 
of-war Tamar and the Cherokee, firing the first shot of the 
war in South Carolina. Lieut. John Mayrant's name and 
fame are linked with those of John Paul Jones, with whom 
he served on the Bonhomme Richard, receiving a severe 
wound when the Serapis was boarded. At the recommenda- 
tion of Jones he commanded the Bonne Aventure, a French 
privateer, in European waters. Later he served on the 
South Carolina, but must have left her before her capture." 
The proceedings of this Court may at some future time 
be brought to light, but at present we only know that by it 
Captain Joyner was honorably acquitted. In 1786 he was 
a member of the Legislature, and from time to time there- 
after we find mention of his name in the affairs of the pub- 

"Sec Statutes at Large, Vol. 5, p. 715. 
See also Garden's Anecdotes, Second Series, p. 103. 



[Manuscript from the Laurens Collection.] 

Addressed : Henry Laurens Esq'. 
Fleyder Street N*. 23 

Mill Prison Plymouth Feb^ 19th 1782. 

I had the honour of adressing you when you ware in the 
Tower of London early in the month of Nov', last, as many 
of my fellow prisoners heard you were in a poor state of 
health, and not treated with that humanity you merited, and 
the justness of your cause deserved ; I am af ear'd that letter 
never came to your hand, as we never heard anything re- 
specting it ; I do assure you we are rejoiced to hear of your 
enleargement, and hope you will, ere long, be restored to 
good health. We are now in this 590 prisoners, many of 
them natives of South Carolina, Farmers and Traders, 
some of which was taken at Charlestown & admitted to 
paroles, and soon after were put on board a Man of War 
and sent to this Country ; many others sent from New York 
by order of Admiral Rodney, and several others taken at 
S*. Eaustatia, they were put on board a Man of War & 
sent here, they have really suffered mulch on board the 
british Vessels in Coming to this place ; but thank god they 
keep their spirits, we dont hear any news from our Country 
and are uneasy at our long captivity, many have been here, 
from, two, to five years ; a Flying Report prevailed a few 
days past that doctor Franklin had made proposals to the 
Court of Great Britain to Exchange part of Lord Comwal- 
lis's Troops for American prisoners now in Briton ; I hope 
some thing will turn up which will be the means of Libera- 


ting us; we are much Crowded in this place, tho' health, 
but much dread the Summer's heat; Several letters have 
been wrote to his Excellency Doct'. Franklin, but are not 
so fortunate as to hear from him ; you will obleige us much 
if you can give any encouragement of our being, released — 
I have not the honour of being personally known to you 
perhaps you might recollect me; I Commanded the Conti- 
nental Ship of War 'Queen of France* when she went from 
France to boston in 1777. Soon after obtained a lave of ab- 
sence to make a Voyage in the service of the Merch**. — 
Robert Morris Esq', furnished me with a new Ship bound 
for France, wherein I was taken ; I had commanded for the 
house of Mess". Willing and Morris, ever since ye year 
1764. Excepting the time I had the honour to serve the 
United States of America — M'. Ball shewed my your let- 
ter & gave me your Directions, M'. Miles Saurey is really a 
good man, but he is at all times of his coming to spake or 
give us our donations, bearing letters, or do us anny service, 
treated with much disrespect; Should be glad something 
was done by you to let this gentlemen see us in presence of 
the Egent or Keeper, when his business leads him here, 
without being subject to 111 treatment ; pray sir Excuse this 
long letter and for Intruding on your time and you will 
oblige Sir, 

Your most respectfuU Humble Serv'. 
Jn Green 

Endorsed : Capt. John Green 

19 Feby 1782 
Rec*. & answered 26*'' 
referred him to my Letter 
of 23'. to M'. Ball, shall 
know to morrow, if permitted 
to visit the Prison, can 
Illy afford the expense of 
the Journey but that shall 
be no Bar &c. 


List of the American Prisoners in Mill Prison at Plymouth 
&c. &c. continued, Viz.* 

Of Rhode Island. 
John Peck Rathbum 

Josiah Haynes 

Ezekiel Durphy 

Thomas Bowen 

Luther Salisbury 

Christ' Phillips 

John Pearce 

John Hull 

William Crandall 

William Springer 

Walter Parker 

Bristow Chatmus 

Deane Oswell 

Joseph Waddell ........ 

Riscombe Sandford 
Jonathan Sheldon ..... 

John Chattern 

Caleb Gilbert 

Joseph Wilkinson .... 

Timothy Child 

Gideon Tanner „.... 

Of Connecticut. 
Robert M'Kowan ...... 

Francis Butler 

Samuel Hubble „. 

Joseph Bartram 

David Brookes 

James Billings 

Hardy Engsine 

Tho'. Graversbock .. 

Ben j amen Ashby 

David Veal 

Rank or Station. 



























*This list is apparently not complete; the first part of the MS. does 
not seem to be among the Laurens papers in this Collection. 


Joseph Buell 

Joseph Clark 

Zach". Bassett 

George Lommas . 
EInathan Minor . 
Thomas Edgar .... 
John Haley 

Calvin Haynes 

Of New York. 
TheofrfiV Ellsworth 
Archibald M'Neal .... 

Joseph Jeffery 

John Sinclair 

James Coxeter 

Nathaniel Miller 

Nathan Howell 

Nathan Miller 

Benjamin Stakins .... 
Of New Jersey. 

Thomas Hayes 

James Hunt 

Setvus Church 

Jeremiah Church .... 
John Sack 

JcJin Huston 

John Maxfield 

Henry Weaver 

Of Pennsylvania. 

John Green 

John Kemp 

Griffith Jones 

Alexander Tindall ..... 
Nathan Simmons ..... 
Shubart Armitage .. 
William Whitpain .. 

Thomas Justice _ 

Joseph Ashbum 

George Mitchell 

Robert Burridge 

















Lieut. Mariner 







Thomas Pemberton 
William Downes .^. 

James Bumey 


John Claypool 

Samuel Gilbert 

John Stuart 

John Thomas 

Alex'. Crawford 

John Shairy 

Nicholas Depoe 

John Stephenson 

Charles Laine 

John Shaw 

Hugh Forsyth 

John Morton „.. 

Jacob Smith 

Henry Wager 

William Wild 

George Dryerson 

Dennis Delaney - 

James Bartlett 

Jacob Statt ...„ 

Robert Wilson 

Thomas Hooker 

John Martin 

John Allen 

Joseph Alexander 

John Spade 

John Harman 

Jacob Tryon 

Edward Gibbons 

John Cunningham .. 
Nathaniel Smith 

William M'MuUer ..... 

Langhome Jenny 

William Duncan 

John Jones 

William Dunstan 






































Patrick Gallagher 

James Robertson 

William Derrick 

William Lawrence ^.. 
William Lawrence J'. 

Nichols Calleday 

Joseph Puney 

George Moo;re — 

John Murray 

William Kemp 

John Langworthy 

Nath' Brooks 

Gilbert Stephenson 
John Thompson ...... 

Fred* Molineux 

Sam*. Alexander 

Samuel Owens 

Benjamin Broom 

Thomas Brookes 

Edward Porter 

Ichabod Beaby 

Of Maryland 

William Coward 

John Smith 

Samuel Chawkley 

William Harris 

William Vickers 

Colin M'Mullen 

Gassaway Pindle i, 

Josiah Wheeler 

James Pratt 

Aaron Parrish 

Virtus Sweat 

Nevir Walker 

Nathan Vennom . 

Samuel Bluver 

Stephen Watkins 

William Mull 

John Shrine 
























Philip Mitchell 

NichV McEnhener 

Elisha Powell 

James Glenn 

Solomon Evans 

Thomas Shepherd . 

Littleton Chilton .. 

James Bompson 

Charles Pickering .. 

William Mason 

Alex. Massey 

William Miles 

John Jenkinson 

Isaac Townsend 

Of Virginia. 

Thomas Tangle 

Francis Beck 

Peter Aspenell 

Leaven White . 

Sam*. Livingston ..... 

George Poole 

George Webland 

John Jones ^ 

Anthony Tennable .. 

John Cooper 

John Keeton 

Augustine Almon 

Anth'. Bellamy .. 

Richard Davis 

Robert Jarvis 

Thomas Bartlett 

Francis Tuptman 

Uriah Sutter 

Joseph North 

John Bourdeaux 

John Baptist 

Malachi Williamson 

Rob*. Ellsey 

John Connor 






































Abijah Buxton Mariner 

George Aspin D*. 

William Priss .^ Boy 

Nich' Barkinson Mariner 

John Mackingham ^ D*. 

Of North Carolina. 

Simon Alderson Captain 

William Throop Mate 

Simon Alderson Mariner 

Daniel Austen > Ditto 

William Fuse D*. 

Shad". Drew D". 

Isaac Pharoah D'. 

Rob* Booth D*. 

Rich*. Kennedy D*. 

Miles Bembridge D*. 

Simon Howard D*. 

Will", Kennedy Boy 

Henry Guy ^ Mariner 

Ephraim Jones D*. 

George Stysen D*. 

John Morrison D*. 

Edward King _ D*. 

And'. FuUerton D*. 

William Turner D*. 

John Davis D*. 

Malachi Novice ^ D*. 

Sheldon Jasper D*. 

David Vail D'. 

Thomas White - » D". 

Of South Carolina. 

John Ashton Lieutenant 

Jacob Stobo Ditto 

William Pitts Midshipman 

Daniel Russell -. -Ditto 

Thomas Ball - D^. 

Paul Ripley ......* Gunner 

Joseph Singletarry Mariner 

John Singletarry Ditto 


Daniel Duff Lieut : Militia 

William Steel Private D". 

Andrew Wells Ditto 

James Vestals D*. 

Will". Mllhaney D'. 

James Markham D*. 

Hardy Wilkes D'. 

James Kennerly « D*. 

Of Georgia. 

John Brown Lieutenant 

Endorsed by Henry Laurens: 
List of American Prisoners 
in Mill Prison 
Reed 8'' March 1782. 



The following letters written during Provost's expedi- 
tion against Qiarleston, in 1779, will show the tribulations 
and dangers of a "Rebel" young lady during the Revolu- 
tionary war. The first letter was written while Provost's 
army was occupying St. Andrew's Parish. He had crossed 
to the east bank of the Ashley May II*^ 1779, advanced 
to the lines of Charleston, which only the approach of 
Genl Lincoln's army saved from capture, and on May 14 
he retreated to the west bank. On June 20, 1779, a battle 
tCK^ place in Stono River, in which the Americans were 
repulsed, and soon afterwards Provost withdrew to Savan- 

[No. I.] 

*Many thanks my Dr. Sukey, for your kind inquiry's 
about me & still more thanks for acquainting me of your 
situation. We left Prince Williams the day after you parted 
with us. My Brother attempted bringing his Negroes with 
him, but we were obliged to leave them in Pon pon River, 
from whence they returned home ; thear was a few put on 
board Mr. River's Schooner — which arrived safe in Charles- 
Town; Nancy & self have six among them, they went about 
the Town for their victuals. We have our two maids with 
us; Mariah is with the rest of our negroes at Oakatees, (I 

*The writer of these letters, Mary Lucia Bull, was great-grand- 
daufirhter of Stephen Bull, the emigrant, "Caseeka of the Itawanas," 
and the grand-niece of the First Lieut Governor Bull. She was named 
after her grandmother, Mrs. Barnaby Bull, a daughter of the first 
Landgrave Edmond Bellenger. On the death of her brother, John 


believe,) under the care of Mr. Flower & Mr. M. Garvey. 
It is impossible for me to describe to you what I felt, while 
the British Army was on this side Ashley-Ferry, we never 
went in to our beds at night, had Candles constantly burning 
& were alarmed at every noise that we heard. Mrs. Bull 
was plundered of some of her clothes, my Aunt Bellinger's 
Chamber door was burst open & a great many of her things 
taken, in short everybody in the House lost something ex- 
cept Nancy & myself. As soon as we saw them taking 
things about the House we went into our Chamber, had the 
window shut & stood against the door, (for it could not 
lock. ) One Man came & turned the Brass but did not push 
against it hard enough to find out it was not lock'd. But, 
good Heavens, my Sukey, think what we must have suffered 
when a parcel of Indians came bolting into the House, as for 
my part, I expected nothing but death, & indeed, at that 
moment it was indifferent to me whether I lived or died, 
yet I could not bear the thought of being murder'd by the 
Savages. One of the British Colonels came to the House, 
we told him we were very uneasy about the Indians & com- 
mon Soldiers, he was sorry they disturbed us, (he said), 
but we had better fee him to stay with us, for he had good 
spirits, cou'd sing a good Song & had a deal of chitty-chatty, 
Whether he said that to divert us, ( for we were very dull) 
or whether he felt as little for our distress as he appeared to 
do, I will not undertake to say. You ask me what we in- 
tend doing — that is a question that I know not how to 
answer. I am as yet quite undetermined what to do. I 
wait for my brother's advice, who is at the Indian-Land.* 

Bull, who had married the heiress of the Bk*Bii|u family, she inherited the 
estate of their family. She married Jacob Guerard. Among her 
many descendants is James Lowndes, Esquire, now of Washington, D. 
C., whose interest in this Society and in the Carolina Art Association 
and the Charleston Library Society has been more than well proved by 
the presentation of pamphlets, books and other valuable gifts. 

*A part of Beaufort District — now County was for many years 
known as the "Indian Land." 



Mrs. Kelsall (my brother informed me) has invited us to 
go to Georgia, but I see no possibility of our accepting his 
invitation. I am very glad to hear your Mamma has been 
so lucky, please remember us all kindly to her, if you have 
any opportunity of writing to her; I wish, my Sukey, I 
knew how to go & see you before you go to River-May, I 
would not mind your being at a Strangers, I believe I would 
jump up behind Isaac now, if Nancy would let me^, but she 
wants to see you as much as I do, & she is so selfish she 
won't let me have the pleasure of seeing you alone. 

And now, my Sukey, I must beg that you will not be 
uneasy about me, I am as happy as your absence and the 
times will permit me to be. Mrs. Bull, Nancy & Miss Polly 
Cameron desire to be remembered to you. I remain your 
unchangeable Friend, 

Mary Lucia Bull. 

P. S. — Mrs Garvey & Miss Cameron stay'd at Prince 
Miss Susanna StoU. 

[No. 2.] 

Stoney Point, July 5, 1779. 
My Dr Sukey : The desire you must have of seeing your 
mother makes me cctfig^atulate you on the prospect you have 
of returning home, but as I know not when we shall meet 
again, my spirits are quite sunken; when shall I enjoy the 
heart-felt satisfaction of seeing and conversing with my 
amiable friend? You desire me to continue to love you; 
your command is easily obey'd ; yes my Sukey, as long as 
your Lucia is blessed with life and reason she will love you. 
Mrs. Bellinger has spent one day here since you left us. I 
agree with you in your opinion of that Lady ; she is indeed 
an agreeable woman. I hope to see her after a while I am 
here, as she intends making some stay in Chas Town. 


Please remember us all to your Mamma and Mrs Donnom. 

Nancy desires her love to you. Mrs Bull and Miss M. 
Cameron also desire to be remembered to you. 

Adieu, my dear Sukey ; believe me to be your affectionate 
and unchangeable, 

Mary Lucia Bull. 
Miss Susanna StoU, 

Favored by Mr M. Garvey 

[No. 3.] 

Prince William, March 15, 1782. 

My Dear Sukey : I am very sorry you had no paper to 
write to me ; a letter at this time wou'd have given me in- 
finite pleasure; I hope, my dear Sukey, the change in my 
situation will make no change in your regard for me; let 
me beg of you to treat me with the same affectionate free- 
dom that you have ever done. Your heart I have found 
capable of love and friendship at the same time ; pray imag- 
ine mine to be so, too; our sentiments were ever much alike. 
I wish to see you and your dear little Boy, I thought to 
have had that pleasure in a few days, but some British ves- 
sels being in the way will prevent my going up as soon as I 

Please present my respectful compliments tp your mother : 
my compliments to Mr Garvey also and believe me to be 
yours most affectionately, 

Mary Lucia Guerard. 
Mrs Susanna Garvey. 
Favored by Mrs. A. Garvey. 


Departed this life on the ist of June last, at his Planta- 
tion, (Cedar Field, Christ Church Parish,) in the Seventy- 
second year of his age, MR. THOMAS ALLAN, of a lin- 


gering illness of nearly two years, which he bore with Chris- 
tian fortitude and resignation to the will of his maker. He 
was a native of Gosport, E^land, but for sixty-one years, 
an inhabitant of Charleston and its vicinity. In the com- 
mencement of the Revolution he took up arms in the cause 
of his adopted country, and continued her defender through- 
out the arduous struggle, when Great Britain acknowledged 
her free and independent. He was one of the few who 
never took a British Protection, but rejected the idea with 
scorn, and to his end, a firm undeviating republican, and 
friend to Liberty. As a husband, parent, master, friend, 
and also a truly just and honest man, he can be placed 
amongst the first class of mankind. He has left a widow, 
six children, seven grand children and numerous friends and 
acquaintances, to bemoan his irreparable loss. He lived be- 
loved and died lamented — (City Gazette and Commercial 
Daily Advertiser, July i8, 1827.) 

Died — ^At the residence of Maj. Joseph Mickle, in Ker- 
shaw District, S. C, on the 8th inst., Mr. Samuel Breed, in 
the 78th year of his age. Mr. Breed enrolled himself among 
the patriots of '76 at an early age, and continued in the serv- 
ice of his country until May, 1780, when he was taken a 
prisoner at the surrender of fort Moultrie, and paroled with 
Major Eli Kershaw, and others to Camden, where he con- 
tinued a citizen until within a few years. Having lost his 
wife and a numerous family, all except a grandson, he lived 
among his friends in the country, who will recollect the 
goodness of his heart, as well as his mild and amiable dis- 
position. — {City Gazette and Commercial Daily Advertiser, 
Thursday, Nov. 16, 1826.) 


Died, at Georgetown, Gen. Robert Conway, formerly of 
this city, a soldier of the Revolution, aged /o^interred 
with military honors. — {City Gazette and Commercial Daily 
Advertiser, Monday, December 8, 1823.) 

The South Carolina 

Historical and Genealogical 


VOL. X. JULY, 1909. No. 3 


GILLON IN 1778 AND 1779. 
(Continued from the April namber.J 



I had the honor of writing you y' 5 march and 
sent you two copies thereof wherein you'll observe y* 
then prospect I had of speedily compleating the busi- 
ness I was sent to Europe on But y' loss y' trade this 
kingdom met with, y* reports from England of the suc- 
cess of their troops in Georgia with Count D'Estaing's 
situation damped y* spirit of those in trade so much 
that I could procure no credit from them excepting 
about one hundred thousand livres from the house at 
Nantes that was to do all y* business, my chief depend- 
ance for money being those in Trade I was not a little 
chagrined at this. However I then determined to ap- 
ply to government and went to Paris where M' Franklin 
introduced me by letter to M' de Sartine who heard my 
proposals and desired me to state them to him in writ- 
ing which I immediately did as follows 

To lend me y* money y* State of South Carolina au- 
thorised me to borrow in Europe 

To join me in y* security ye State had given me if 
monies were to be procured in any other place. 

To sell me three of their Frigates ready for sea pay- 
able here in two and five years with Interest or pay- 


able in provisions of our produce by y* State at any of 
their Foreign Islands at any time they would fix and 
these provisions or even naval stores to be conveyed by 
the S C fleet to one of their foreign islands, this I 
urged in preference to y* other proposals because I knew 
these Frigates would be partly useful to America in 
general and to Georgia in particular by helping to break 
up y* English expedition in that quarter this I fully ex- 
plained to M' Franklin and M' de Sartine requesting 
them to persue a plan I would draw up for an expedi- 
tion against Georgia that I am sure might with y' aid 
of our army there secure all y* British Army, Forces, 
Ammunition provisions and shipping, — it was for 
them if they would not sell me three frigates to send 
three ships of y* line three Frigates two cutters and six 
'TOW gallies all of y* easiest draft of water to Georgia 
first making ye island of [blank] to know their exact 
distance from St Augustine the to proceed off that Bar 
and take all that was there, then to send to Georgia 
& South Carolina for advices when I conceive this 
Fleet would've secured all y* British vessels there or 
thereabouts, this done they might have gone to His- 
paniola or Martinico and joined their fleet there carry- 
ing a convoy of provisions with them for their Navy and 
Army, all of this need not have detained them longer 
than about 25 days more than if this small Squadron had 
sailed directly from here for their islands, and as I 
knew there was a reinforcement going to their Islands 
I thought they could not be better employed than taking 
this sudden and unexpected trip to Georgia in their 
way. — To remove a difficulty that was hinted at I re- 
moved it by saying that I would go in this fleet with all 
my officers as volunteers provided that M' Sartine 
would here agree to let y* State of South Carolina have 
all y* vessels, stores, & ammunition this fleet took that 
would suit them either on paying for all of them here or 
on paying for them in y* foreign islands in provisions 
at y* price that the French commandg officer and y* person y* 
State would choose to value them at — this Equitable 


proposal was objected to, I therefore renewed my 
former request with these additions because I thought 
they might object aiding any State without y* support 
of Congress. 

That I would request y* favor of y* State to apply to 
Congress to become guarantee for y* State to those I 
should borrow money from and for Congress to support 
y* measure of fitting out y' three Frigates this I did 
because I suppose Congress would readily do it as in 
my humble opinion a navy to my State is a Navy to 
America in general and that South Carolina does not 
confine herself to such narrow limits but to y' continent 
in general, thus would' ve offered (instead of being 
asked) to Congress any aid their ships could've given 
but this availed nothing is M' de Sartine told me that 
my application was y* same as if Congress had author- 
ised me to make it — I therefore proposed give me but 
one good Frigate on paying you what monies I have 
here and paying y' balance in two years, or as I have 
monies enough to build y* hull of a ship and to pay 
advanced wages will you furnish me with the materials 
to fit her for Seas on a short credit, this is well as y* 
other proposals was refused. I then requested him M' 
de Sartine to favor me with a written answer to y' proposals 
I made him and assured him that y' State would be pleased 
he would do it and assign y* reasons why their great and 
generous allies would not assist them, I also asked a 
passage for y' few officers that were here say 2 Cap- 
tains — 2 Lts of Marines & 4 midshipmen in y' Frigate 
that was going with ye ambassador as they could ruff 
it rather than lose the opportunity of going to serve 
their invaded Country, he desired me to apply by letter 
which I immediately did three weeks since but hitherto 
have received no answer whatever thus all hopes of aid 
from this government are at an end, — I am trying to 
borrow some monies in Amsterdam by obligations as 
they there term it having got a house there to under- 
take it who gives me some hopes of success I have also 
proposed y* matter to y* directors general of y' Society 


of y* maritime commerce at Berlin who are determined 
to trade with America as they have wrote me thereon 
whereby I had y' opportunity of proposing the States 
business them but if nothing is done there or in Hol- 
land I then think of laying out what monies I have in 
Materials for three ships and send them to America by 
y' best opportunity which perhaps may be St Eustatius 
as then ye State if they persevere in their original war 
can order y* Frigates to be built in Boston, Portsmouth, 
Philadelphia, or Charles Town South Carolina as they 
think proper or if they chuse to sell these materials 
they will yield more than the first sum of £500,000 of 
currency voted and expended in this affair thus there is 
a prospect of y' State losing nothing by this intent of 
having a Navy, perhaps they may ask Congress for their 
share of y* Continental fleet or fall on some other mode. 
As I am denied a passage in y* French Frigate by M' de 
Sartine or in y* Alliance by M' Franklin for y* officers to 
return to America I must see and procure their passage 
elsewhere I shall also return as soon as I've finished 
all ye State business under my care, pardon me for trou- 
bling you with this affair but I tho't it wou'd be satis- 
factory to you to know what I had done here & what 
assistance we in future must expect from this govern- 
ment. Tve sent Gov Rutledge copies and particularly 
of all my correspondence here on this matter with some 
remarks that America ought to know, no doubt he will 
furnish you with such as he deems necessary out of 
them. I find Capt Jones is now ready with y* following 
vessels under his command, 

Bon Homme Richard 44 guns 400 men. An old India- 


Alliance 36 " 200 ** 

Pallas 32 " 250 " A merchant- 


A Ship 20 " 200 " D'. 

2 Cutters of 18 Guns & 200 men each 

A brig of > 14 " 100 " 

12 Chase-Maris or tenders. 


Y' two first appear under continental colours and 
all y' rest under French colours and with French offi- 
cers having continental marine commissions but I am 
told they are to hoist Continental colours as soon as out 
to Sea what a useful fleet this might prove on America's 
shore to scour it of y" privateers that are ruining your 
trade to break up y* Georgia expedition and to gather 
strength by picking up the y' straggling British cruisers, 
but M' Franklin told me they were not going to America 
thus suppose they may be going on a project that is 
expected to prove more advantageous to certain parties 
Time must prove who is right — I craved M' Adams to 
take charge of this packet with my letters to S° Caro- 
lina which he will deliver you. — will you be pleased to 
forward them by y* very first safe hand as they are of 
much consequence to our State M' Adams would've 
aided me much had I met him at Paris, M' Lee and M' 
Izard did all in their power but when people are pre- 
determined not to help us & when those whom America 
has appointed to support her requests & are averse to 
y* measure itself it avails little to have y* aid of such 
gentlemen as Mess' Adams, Lee & Izard whose assist- 
ance had they been in power wouldVe procured I 
should suppose at least a something. May I crave you 
to present my respect to M' Jay and such of y* delegates 
as IVe the honor of being known to and believe me to 
be very much 


Your most obed' Servt 
A. Gillon 

L'Orient 15 June 1779 

To the Honorable the Delegates from y* State of South 
Carolina at y' Continental Congress Philadelphia. — 

1 692- 1 700. 

By A. S. Salley, Jr. 

(Continued from the April number.) 

August II, 1698, John Whitmarsh, William Bower and 
Charles Odingsells executed their bond to Governor 
Blake for Whitmarsh's faithful performance of his trust 
as administrator of the estate of Margaret Morris. Wit- 
ness: Henry Wigington. (Page 260.) 

October 3, 1698, Joseph Hunt, Thomas Elliott and 
Thomas Booth executed their bond to Governor Blake 
for Joseph Hunt's faithful performance of his trust as 
administrator of the estate of John Hunt. Witness: 
Henry Wigington. (Page 261.) 

October i, 1698, Mary Ladson, Capt. William Smith, 
and Jonathan Amory executed their bond to Governor 
Blake for Mrs. Ladson's faithful performance of th« 
trust of administratrix of the estate of John Ladson. 
Witness: William Gibbon. (Page 262.) 

March 11, 1697-8, Hannah Bennett, Capt. William 
Smith and William Edwards executed their bond 
to Governor Blake for Mrs. Bennett's faithful execution 
of her trust as administratrix of the estate of Richard 
Bennett, deceased. Witness: Henry Wigington. (Page 

The same day Governor Blake directed Hannah Ben- 
nett to administer on the estate of Richard Bennett, at 
the same time directing William Edwards, Edmund Dun- 
don and Hugh Cochrum to appraise and make an in- 
ventory thereof. (Pages 264-265.) 

March 16, 1697-8, Martha Lardant, Noah Royer, Jr., 
Isaac Calabeuf and Jonas Bonhost executed their bond 


to Governor Blake for Mrs. Lardant and Royer's faith- 
ful performance of their trust as administrators of the 
estate of James Lardant. (Pages 265-266.) 

The same day Governor Blake directed Martha Lar- 
dant and Noah Royer, Jr., to administer on the estate 
of James Lardant, at the same time reciting that Isaac 
Callibeuf, Peter Chevalier, Stephen Taveron, Jonas 
Bonhost and Abraham Leswear had been directed to 
appraise and make an inventory of the said estate. (Page 

Will of Thomas Bolton, made January 10, 1696, and 
proved before Governor Archdale May 14, 1696, gave 
"friende" Phoebe Codner £ 10 as an acknowledgment of 
her tenderness and care to his late wife and himself dur- 
ing their sickness ; gave the Congregation of Friends in 
Carolina £ 10 to be used for repairing the fence of the 
burying place and for "building a little house to shelter 
people from bad weather, on occasion" ; gave his negro 
man, Titus, his freedom at the expiration of two years 
after testator's death, or as soon as his executors should 
see fit within five years; gave one tenth of his estate, 
after all debts were paid, to charitable uses (to be divided 
equally between the Congregation of Friends in London 
and the Congregation of Friends in Charles Town) ; 
gave the remainder of his estate to his two daughters, 
Rebecca and Ann Bolton, to be equally divided between 
them, and in case of the death of both of them. their es- 
tate was to go to his brother, Randolph Bolton, of Lon- 
don; gave friends, Joseph Blake and James Stanyarne, 
£10 each, and appointed them his executors. Wit- 
nesses: William Bailey, Phoebe Codner, John Beamer. 
"Vera Copa Chas. Odingsells, Dept : Secrty :" Recorded 
by Henry Wigington, D. S., March 25, 1698. Letters of 
administration, with the will annexed, were granted by 
Governor Archdale to Landgrave Joseph Blake and 
James Stanyarne, May 14, 1696. (Pages 267-268.) 

March 15, 1697-8, Governor Blake directed Francis 
Fidling to administer on the estate of Reuben Willis, at 
the same time reciting that Richard Tradd, Edward 


Berry, John Hill, Edward Loughton and William Poole 
had been directed to appraise and make an inventory of 
the same. (Pages 268-269.) 

March 15, 1697-8, Francis Fidling, Thomas Rose and 
Samuel Saxon executed their bond to Governor Blake 
for Fidling's faithful performance of his trust of adminis- 
trator. Witness: Henry Wigington. (Page 269.) 

May 24, 1698, Governor Blake directed David Davis to 
administer on the estate of William Davis, at the same 
time reciting that Col. Robert Gibbes, Capt. Jacob Allen, 
Thomas Drayton, William Nash and Capt. Samuel Du- 
Berdieu had been directed to appraise and make an in- 
ventory thereof. (Page 270.) 

The same day David Davis, Capt. William Smith and 
John Maverick executed their bond to Governor Blake 
for Davis's faithful performance of his trust as adminis- 
trator of the estate of William Davis. Witness: Henry 
Wigington. (Pages 270 and 255.) 

October 14, 1699, Elisha Prioleau, Peter Chevalier and 
Daniel DuRoureseau executed their bond to Governor 
Blake for Prioleau's faithful performance of the trust of 
administrator of the estate of Maria Bonnell. Witness: 
Robert Dacres. 

The warrant of appraisement of the said estate was 
directed to Peter Chevalier, John Girardeau, Abram 
La Sade, Peter Manigault and Peter Filleux. (Page 

October 16, 1699, Governor Blake directed Samuel 
Saxon to administer on the estate of John Travis. (Page 

The same day Samuel Saxon, David Maybank and 
Francis Fidling executed their bond to Governor Blake 
for Saxon's faithful performance of his trust as adminis- 
trator of the estate of Travis. Witness : Robert Dacres. 
The warrant of appraisement was directed to Francis 
Fidling, James Peartree, Simon Valentijn, William Gib- 
bons and Miles Brewton. (Ibid.) 

Olctober 17, 1699, James Dubosc, Peter LeChevalier 
and Daniel DuRoureseau executed their bond to Gov- 


ernor Blake for DuBosc's faithful execution of his trust 
as administrator of the estate of Peter Rosier. Witness : 
Robert Dacres. The wa-rrant of appraisement was 
directed to Elisha Prioleau, Daniel Avoe, Peter Le 
Chevalier, Daniel DuRoureseau and Peter Filleux. 
(Page 273.) 

October 27, 1705, Madelein Cheneshane and Rene 
Ravenel executed their bond to Sir Nathaniel Johnson, 
governor and ordinary, for the said Madelein's faithful 
execution of her trust as administratrix of the estate of 
Daniel Cheneshane. 

March 16, 1698-9, Philodocia Glaze, George Burnett 
and Increase Sumner executed their bond to Governor 
Blake for Mrs. Glaze's faithful performance of her trust 
as administratrix of the estate of Gabriel Glaze. Wit- 
ness: Henry Wigington. (Pages 275-276.) 

May 12, 1699, James LeBas, James DuBose and An- 
thony Cordes executed their bond to Governor Blake tor 
LeBas's faithful performance of his trust as administra- 
tor of the estate of John Herant. Witness: Henry Wig- 
ington. The warrant of appraisement was directed to 
Christopher Walker, Lambert Sanders, Philip Rowland, 
Joseph Weld, John Greenland and John Alston. (Pages 

May 13, 1699, Thomas Hubbard, James Moore and 
John Lawes executed their bond to Governor Blake for 
Hubbard's faithful performance of his trust as adminis- 
trator of Francis Rider. Witness: Henry Wigington. 
(Page 278.) 

September 3, 1696, Samuel Hartley, James Stanyarne 
and William Smith executed their bond to Governor 
Archdale for Hartley's faithful execution of the trust 
of administrator of the estate of Benjamin Wildy. Wit- 
ness: Charles Odingsells. (Page 279.) 

November 24, 1696, Simon Valentijn, Edward Lough- 
ton and Charles King executed their bond to Governor 
Blake for Valentijn's faithful performance of his trust 
as administrator of the estate of Susannah Barker. Wit- 
ness: Charles Odingsells. (Page 280.) 


The same day letters of administration on the said 
estate were granted to said Simon Valentijn, and a war- 
rant of appraisement was issued to Wm. Pople, Charles 
King, Edward Loughton, Thomas Noble and Charles 
Prouty. (Page 281.) 

November 28, 1696, James LeBas, Peter Guerard and 
Antoine Bouran executed their bond to Governor Blake 
for LeBas's faithful execution of his trust as administra- 
tor on the estate of John Lemoyn. Witness: Charles 
Odingsells, Dep. Sec. (Page 282.) 

The same day letters of administration on the said 
estate were granted to James LeBas, and a warrant of 
appraisement was directed to Mr. DeRoureseau, Christo- 
pher Walker, John Greenland, Mr. Cloningham, and 
Lambert Sanders. (Page 283.) 

January 13, 1696-7, Elizabeth Turgis, Rebecca Axtell 
and William Cantey executed their bond to Governor 
Blake for Mrs. Turgis's faithful execution of her trust 
as executrix of the estate of Francis Turgis. Witness: 
Charles Odingsells. (Page 284.) The warrant of ap- 
praisement on the said estate was directed to Maj. 
Thomas Broughton, Gabriel Glaze, Thomas Graves and 
George Burnett. (Page 285.) 

Ottober 27, 1696, Peter DuGue, son and sole executor 
of the last will and testament of James DuGue, Sr., de- 
ceased, Samuel DuBourdieu and Judith, his wife, James 
DuBose and Mary, his wife, and Marianna DuGue, 
widow and relict of James DuGue, Jr., on behalf of her 
daughter, Marianna DuGue, arranged a division of the 
property of James DuGue, Sr., reciting that the said 
James DuGue, Sr., by his will, made May 28, 
1696, bequeathed to his five children therein named 
and to his granddaughter, Marianna DuGue, all of his 
real and personal estate to be equally divided among 
them ; that all of the said property that had come to the 
knowledge of said legatees had been divided into six 
parts, whereof Peter DuGue, in his own right and also 
as trustee in right of his brother, Isaac, and sister, Eliza- 
beth; Samuel DuBourdieu and James DuBose, in right 


of their wives, and Marianna DuGue, widow, in right of 
her daughter, Marianna DuGue, severally took their 
several parts of the same, Peter DuGue taking the 
plantation upon New Town Creek, James's Island, two 
town lots in Charles Town, numbered 165 and 186, a 
negro boy and £2. 5. 10. sterling; Peter taking for 
Isaac and Elizabeth part of a town lot in Charles Town, 
on Broad Street, which James DuGue purchased of James 
DeBourdeaux, blacksmith, together, with the buildings 
thereon, and £4. 12. 4.; James and Mary DuBose tak- 
ing a negro man, a negro woman, a negro boy; James 
and Mary DuBose receiving the use of two lots in 
Charles Town, numbered 70 and 98, for two years and 
six months; then delivering possession of them up to 
Marianna DuGue for the use of her daughter, Mari- 
anna ; Marianna DuGue taking for her daughter the use 
of lots in Charles Town for two years and six months, 
one of the lots being on Church Street, numbered 70, 
granted to Arthur Middleton, and having been pur- 
chased by James DuGue from Robert Skelton, cord- 
winder, the other granted to James DuGue, and num- 
bered 98, the said lots to become the property, at the ex- 
piration of the time, of the younger Marianna DuGue ; 
Samuel and Judith DuBordieu also to receive £ 54. 8. 6. 
in goods of said estate. Witness: Antoine Couran, 
Isaac Callabeuf, Jonathan Amory and Anthony 
Cordes. Signature of Marianna DuGue witnessed by 
Boisseau, John Marriner and John Filbein. Proved be- 
fore James Moore, November 9, 1696, and before James 
LeBas, January 22, 1696-7. Witness: Charles Oding- 
sells, Dep. Sec. (Pages 286 and 247.) 

March 15, 1705, Sarah Howes, Ralph Izard and Arthur 
Middleton executed their bond to Governor Johnson 
for Mrs. Howes's faithful execution of her trust as ad- 
ministratrix of the estate of Job Howes. (Page 287.) 

December i, 1696, William Williams, Richard Conant 
and Francis Fidling executed their bond to Governor 
Blake for Williams's faithful performance of his trust as 
administrator of the estate of Richard [undecipherable 


name]. Witness: Charles Odingsells. (Page 290. 
Pages 288 and 289 are blank.) 

May 13, 1697, Elizabeth Elliott, Capt. William Brock- 
hurst and Christopher Jauard executed their bond to 
Governor Blake for Mrs. Elliott's faithful performance 
of her trust as administratrix of the estate of Joseph 
Elliott. Witness: Charles Odingsells. The warrant of 
appraisement was directed to William Elliott, John 
Elliott, James Stanyarne, Hugh Hext and John Norton. 
(Page 291.) 

June 3, 1697, William Dry, James Risbee and John 
Buckley executed their bond to Governor Blake for 
Dry's faithful execution of his trust as administrator of 
the estate of Robert Rhimer. Witness: James Moore. 
(Page 292.) 

June 10, 1697, Samuel Williamson, Richard Tradd, 
Thomas Rose and James Peartree executed their bond 
to Governor Blake for Williamson and Tradd's faithful 
administration of the estate of Robert Adams. Witness : 
William Dry. (Page 293.) 

June 17, 1697, Governor Blake directed Mrs. Marga- 
ret Laverick to administer upon the estate of Robert 
Laverick. At the same time he directed Findla Marten, 
John Frooman, Thomas Noble, Art: Dicks and Joh: 
Hill to appraise and make an inventory of said estate, 
(Page 295. Page 294 contains the will of Robert Adams) 

By virtue of a warrant of appraisement to them 
directed by Governor Blake, March 3, 1696-7, John 
Ladson, William Chapman and Joseph EUicott appeared 
before John Beresford June 18, 1697, and proved the in- 
ventory which accompanied their jurat. (Page 296.) 

June 21, 1697, Hugh Hext, William Elliott, John 
Elliott prepared an inventory of the estate of Joseph 
Ellicott, which they proved the following day before 
William Hawett. (Page 297.) 

June 28, 1697, Thomas Gary, Receiver, acknowledged 
receipt of £ 16. from Lady Axtell for 800 acres of land, 
sold for the Lords Proprietors. (Page 297.) 

July 24, 1697, William Dry acknowledged the receipt 


of £67. 8. 7J^., at five shillings each piece of eight, from 
Thomas Palmer, administrator of Robert Rymer, 
(Page 297.) 

July 20, 1697, John Beresford, Esq., of Berkeley 
County, executed his bond to Edward Lascells, of Bar- 
badoes, merchant, guaranteeing the payment of three 
bills of exchange which he had drawn upon* Col. John 
Hallett, of Barbadoes, for £25. sterling, payable to said 
Edward Lascells. Witnesses: Charles Basden and Su- 
sannah Rawlings. (Page 298.) 

July 20, 1697, Thomas Cary, Esq., of Charles Town, 
executed his bond to Edward Lascells and William 
Heysham, both of Barbadoes, guaranteeing the payment 
of three bills of exchange for £140., drawn by Philip 
Ostome, of Carolina, planter, on Capt. Peter Colleton, 
of Barbadoes, payable to **CoIl : Thomas Cary Receiver", 
and, in consideration of cash paid him by Ithiel Smart, 
endorsed over by him to the said Lascells and Heysham. 
Witnesses: William Smith and Hugh Hall. (Pages 298- 

The first of the above bonds was proved before Thom- 
as Cary by the oaths of Capt. Charles Basden and Susan- 
nah Rawlings; the second was proved before James Ris- 
bee by the oaths of Capt. William Smith and Hugh 
Anderson. (Page 299.) 

The second of the above bonds was declared void 
by both parties to the agreement July 30th, and another 
bond executed, slightly different in its conditions. Wit- 
nesses : William Dry, Alexander Parris and John Reene. 
(Pages 299-300.) 

June 8, 1697, John Moore and Samuell Pray made 
oath before James Risbee that at the request of Richard 
Narramore, "Commander of the Bridgateen Carrolina", 
they had gone '*on board sayd vessell to view the sd. 
Vessell's houle butt more Espetially a hogs head" par- 
ticularly marked and found "the Sd — hhd well stowed 
loaded & quined'*. (Page 300.) 

July 30, 1697, John Reese, of Barbadoes, executed his 
bond to Thomas Palmer, of the said island, merchant, 


conditioned for the payment of £ lo. sterling on or be- 
fore August 30, 1697. Witnesses: Hugh Hall and Ithiell 
Smart. (Page 300.) 

March 17, 1696-7, Gabriel Glaze, William Cantey and 
Thomas Butler, appraisers appointed by Governor Blake, 
February 11, 1696-7, prepared an inventory and ap- 
praisement of the estate of Francis Turgis, deceased, 
which they proved before Richard Conant, March 19, 
1696-7. (Page 301.) 

(To be continued in the next number of this magazine.) 

[inscription on cover:] 

Memoranda by 

Col. Isaac Hayne the Republican Martyr 


was Sacrificed in Charlestown 


Saturday — 4 August — 1781. 

Rob* Ballingall was living at Parkers ferry Sept' 16 — 
1755 — 


Harriet Will"' : Daughter of William & Mary Hayne 

Z?" August I, 1764. 
Abraham Son of Abram & Susanna Hayne Z?* 

Septemb': 7 1764. 
Catherine Daughter of Gideon & Ann Dupont 

Sen": Septemb' 17 1764. 
Miary Daughter of Arthur & Mary Perron- 

neau February 14 1765 
William Son of Moses & Elizabeth Darquier 

D^ February 20 1765 
Son of W" Qay & Catherine Snipes Z?* 

March 26 1765 

*These records were kept by Col. Isaac Hayne, who was executed by 
the British in 1781 (See South Carolina Historical and Genealogical 
Magazine, vol. 5, p. 180), in a little book, which is now in the possession 
of the family of the late Mr. Isaac Hayne, who have kindly loaned it for 
publication. It consists chiefly of births, deaths and marriages. Much 
of it was apparently taken from the newspapers of the period, with 
occasionally such data added as came within the writer's personal 
knowledge. There are some plantation notes concerning negroes and 
horses. The journal will be printed in full. Where it is necessary to 
supply words brackets are used. The cause of death, when given, is 
printed in italics. 


Elizabeth .....Daughter of Tobias & Mary Ford — 

July 16 1765 
Thomas Son of Peter & Elizabeth Bacot — 

August 16, 1765. 
Son of Thomas & Phebe Farr — 

August 17 1765. 
Daughter of John & Catherine War- 
ing—Sept' 1765 
John Son of Robert & Sarah Gibbes — 

Sept' 2y 1765 
Mary Daughter of Gideon Jun' & Ann Du- 

pont — Oct' 24 1765 
Daughter of John & Dorcas Smelie 

— May 26 1766 
Peggy Ann Daughter of Col : Joseph & Ann 

Glover — July 16 1766 
Isaac Son of Is' & Elizabeth Hayne — 

July — 2* 1766 
Ann — Dead Daughter of R|ob* & Sarah Gibbes, 

Sept' r'— 1766 
Elizabeth Daughter of Arthur & Mary Per- 

ronneau — Sept': 8 (?) 1766 
Son of His Excell : Ld Cha' : & 

Montagu, Oct': 9 — 1766. 
Dead W" Clay & Catherine Snipes Octo- 
ber 25 — 1766 
Daughter of Jn* & Mary Moxell 

Nov' 18 1767 
Son of James & Ann Cuthbert Nov' 

19 1767 
William Son of Andrewr & Marg* Cunning- 
ham Z?' Aug* 8, 1768 
Daughter of Alex' : & Henrietta 

Michie, Sept' 1768. 
Son of James & Sarah Graeme — Oct' 


William W" & Mary Harden— Nov' 8 1743 

William James & Sarah Atkins — July 18 




William John & Elizabeth Mullins— Oct' 13, 

Rebecca W" & Mary Harden (mar Tho' 

White) Dec' 17 1747 

Sarah Joseph & Mary Hunt — March 9 

Philip Philip & Elizabeth Hext — ^June 15, 


Ann Elias & Helen Ball — Angus* 18, 1747 

Ann John & Elizabeth Vinson (mar* Jn* 

Jones) Dec' 5 1747. 
William Joseph & Hull— Nov' 28 

John James & Ann Williamson May 6 


Sarah Atkins — Dec' 26 1750 

Thomas Philip & Elisa: Hext — Jan 22 1751 

Charles W" & Mary Harden — Jan. 14 1751. 

Mary Ann Geo & Martha Vincent (now Mrs 

Proctor) Feb.y 26 1751 
Susannah Jn* & Mary North (now M" Buchan- 

nan) Oct' 10" 1751 
Sarah Jn** & Sarah Laird (now M" MTher- 

son) Oct' 29 1751 
Ann Holland Tho' & Rebecca Hutchinson (now 

M" Skirving) :Nov' 16 1751 
Sarah Sa el & Elizabeth Sleigh. Oct' 

2 1752 
Elizabeth Coir Henry & Eliza. Clark Hyrne, 

Oct' 31 1752 

Mary David & Mary Ferguson. 

Mary Culcheth & Jane Gibbes (now M" 

Batty) Z?* 1778— 1753. 
William William & Sarah Webb, April 13 

Mary Col" George & Mary — kson (now 

M" Boswood) March 27 1753 
Elizabeth Joseph & Sarah Sanders (now M'" 

La—) July I 1753 


Hannah Hugh & Mary Cochran. (M" T. 

Smith) D* 1774 July 29**^ 1753 
George Philip & Catherine Spooler. Aug* 

25, 1753- 
Mary James & Mary Sharp (now M" 

Jones) Nov' 2* 1753 
Rebecca Tho' & Rebecca Hutchinson (now 

M" Chiffelle) Nov' 5 1753 
Jane Rev* Rob* & Christian Baron (now 

M" Slann) Nov' 13 1753 

Elizabeth W" & Mary Harden. March 30 1754 

James James & Ann Postell. Aug* 17 1754 

James W" & Hannah M'Cants Aug* 21 

Joseph Col' Jos: & Ann Glover. Aug* 28 


Deborah W"* & Sarah Webb Jan' 18 1755 

Philip Phil :& Cath : Spooler May 3 1755 

William Jn' & Ruth Wells June 4, 1755 

John John & M^ry North. Aug* 8 1755 

Noah Sam* & Blinco. Ap* 7 1756 

Benjamin W" & Sarah Webb. May 2 1756 

Rachel Tho* & Mlary Jones (now M" Cos- 
sens) Ap* 27 1756 

John James & Ann Postell. Aug* 14 1756 

Charles Joseph & Ann Sanders Oct' 10 1756 

Mary David & Hannah Maybank. — Oct' 

31. 1756. 

Charles James & Mary Skirving 1760 

W" W° & Hannah M^Cants Dec' 25 

Mary Ann Henry & Mary Ann Hyrne March 

6 1757 
Deborah Jones Jeremiah & Deborah Miles March 

IS 1757 

Jackson Skirving.... James & Mary May i 1757 

William W" & Sarah Field. Oct' 18 1757 

Rebecca Joseph & Rebecca Hunt, Dec' 2 



Thomas Thomas & Susanna Ford, Dec' ii 



Edward W" & Sarah Webb 1758 

Isaac Peter & Sarah Bush Jan' 21 1758 

Mary Easter W" & Elis: Bellinger. 1758 

Ann Sam* & Marg* Singleton Dead, Feb' 

15, 1758 

Charlotte Jn' Elias & Mary Hutchinson 1758 

Wilson Joseph & Ann Glover March 29, 

Mary Philip & Cath : Spooler, Ap* 22* 


Sam* Samuel & Porcher, May 4 1758 

Sarah Jn* & Ann Newbould, Sep' 12 1758 

Elizabeth Daniel & Strobel, Oct' 7 1758 

Sarah Hugh & Elles: Sleigh, Nov' 17 1758 

Joseph W" & Hannah MXants. Jan 18 


Benjamin James & Ann Postell, Feb' 8 1759 

James Adam & Mary CuUiatte Ap* 3* 


Joseph Miles W" & Sarah Webb, Ap' 16 1759 

Susannah 1 W" & Elizabeth Eberson (mar* 

Mary Dead J Josiah B — ) Mar i 1759 

Mary ^Philip & Mary Smith (now M" Jn* 

Postell, Feb': 8: 1776) July 23, 


Elizabeth Jn* & Martha Brown Nov' 12 1759 

Sanders Joseph & Ann Glover Dec' 20 1759 

Charles Tobias & Mary Ford. March 14, 

Margaret Moses & Elisab: Darquier (mar*: R. 

Singleton) Ap. 22 1760. 

John John & Martha Joulee, Ap* 22 1760 

Henry Henry & Mary Ann Hyrne Oct' 14 


Elizabeth W" & Sarah Field, 1760 

John Thomas & Stock 1760 


Charles -James & Mary Skirving 1760 

Mary Perry Jn° Elias & Mary Hutchinson 1760 

William ..' W" & Ann Fisburn Sept' 12 1760 

Elizabeth Charles & Susann: Colleton. Sept' 

21 1760 

Mary Dead / James & Anne Postell (married W" 

Elizabeth ) Day) Dec' 26 1760 

Joseph Joseph & Ann Fabian 1760 

William W" & Elis: Bellinger, 1760 

Florence Dennis & Sarah Mahoney Dead. 

Nov' 15 1760 
Thomas William & Hannah M'Cants Jan' 9 


Susannah Samuel & Sleigh 1761 

Darius Darius & Dalton 1761 

Mary Jonathan & Elisab: Cochran (Mar- 
ried Col" Taarling, 1778) 1761. 

Joseph Edward [?] Wilkinson 1761 

Jane James & Bolton, 1761 

William W" & EHsabeth Bellinger Mar. 14 

Elizabeth Samuel & Marg* Singleton Dead 

Sept' 20 1 761 

Daniel Joseph & Ann Fabian 1761 

Elizabeth Joseph & Ann Miles Sept' 18 1761 

Susan Bellinger Henry & Mary Hyrne (D* July 22* 

1780) Nov' 18 1761 
Elizabeth James & Susannah Reid (Marr* W" 

Bull Esq') Sept' 28 1762 

Mary Ann Ruth Jn' & Ruth Wells, Dec' 11, 1762 

James Joseph & Ann Glover. Died 1779, 

Nov' 9 1762. 

Esther Jn" & Martha Joulee Mar 3 1763. 

Hannah Tobias Ford & Mary Ap' 7 1763 

Ann Dennis & Sarah Mahoney Oct' 20 

Peter Girardeau ....Henry & Mary Ann Hyrne Dec' 6 



Sarah Hartley Joseph & Elizabeth Miles Jan i8 


Sarah W" & Deborah Webb Feb: 14 1764 

Sarah W" Clay & Catherine Snipes Feb i 


William Stephen & Ford. Mar 13 1764 

Tobias Thomas & Susannah Ford Mar. 21 


Moses Joseph & Ann Glover July 9 1764. 

Thomas John & Ruth Wells, Ap' 8 1765 

Sophia Joseph & Elizabeth Miles. July 4 


Elisa: Nash Tobias & Mary Ford. July 15 1765 

Mary Louisa W" & Elisabeth Bellinger. Sep' 5 

Ann Wrong Joseph & Ann Glover. Wrong Sept' 

12, 1765 
Edm* Massenbird... Henry & Mary Hyrne. Oct' 20 1765 
Elizabeth W" & Deborah Pinckney Dec' 2 


John D' Lyman & Mary Hall Dec' 4 1765 

William William & Elis: Bowler 1765. 

Mary D' James & Susanna Reid, Jan' 31 


Peggy Anne Joseph & Ann Glover July 24, 1766 

Isaac Isaac & Elizabeth Hayne, July 2 

Benjamin Benj" & Rebeccah Webb Aug* 5 

Magdalene Ja* Lewis & Mary Culliatte, Sep* 26 

Hugh jThomas & Sarah Grange, Nov' 15 


Ann Ladson Tho' & Rachel Buer Jan' 8 1767 

Josiah John & Ruth Wells, Mslt 22 1767 

Ann Simmons William & Sarah Swinton. Ap' 5 


Sarah Jennet W" & Sarah Field. Aug* 25 1767 

Sarah Darius & Mary Dalton Sept' 26 1767 


W" Hunt W° & Sarah Ferguson Sept' 29 1767 

Susan Miles W" & Sarah Webb Oct' 3 1767 

Mary James & Sarah Shirving Dec' 24 

Barbara Rob* & Debora pmsitler (?) Dec' 

2y 1767 

Mary Sam* & Ann Nichols Jan' 11 1767 

Sarah Esther W" & Elisabeth Bellinger Jan' 17 


Joseph W Tho* & Mary Holman Jan' 18 1768 

Elizabeth W"* & Elizabeth Bowler March 9 


Catherine W" Clay & Catherine Snipes May 

16 1768 
Mary Clifford Tho' & Jane Poole (dead) July 24 

Mary Ja' Lewis & Mary CuUiatte Sept' 6 

W" Cotesworth ....W" & Deborah Pinckney Oct' 23 

Susannah JD' James & Susannah Reid. Dec. 14. 

Andrew Andrew & Martha Maybank Dec' 

20 1768 
Mary Ann RacheL.Tho' & Mary Holman Feb. 16, 1769 
Mary Dennis & Sarah Mahoney Ap' 10 

Mary John & Jemima Croskeys Ap* 20 

Jn* Bohun Jn* Bohun & Hannah Girardeau. 

June 19 1769 
Martha James & Hannah Skirving July 25 


Lucretia John & Ann Sharpies Dec' 8 1769 

Samuel Samuel & Ann Nicols Dec' 23 1769 

Bennet Clare Henry & Susannah Webster March 

i'* 1770 
Harriet Maria Thomas Molineaux & Sarah Low- 

der March 10 1770 


William W" Clay & Catherine Snipes (Died 

1770) July 8 1770 
Sarah .Isaac & Elizabeth Hayne Aug* lo 


Sarah Elisa: Ja' Lewis & Culliatte Aug* 26 1770 

Mary Thomas & Hannah Smith Jan' 21. 


Isaac Tobias & Mary Ford Mar 11. 1771 

John Qifford Jn" & Jane Postell Dead Feb' 28 1773 

William Thomas & Hannah Smith Ap* 4 1773 

W" Norman Jn* & Elisabeth Sullivan May 25**^ 


Susannah Tobias & Mary Ford Aug* 9 1773 

Jn* Edward Thomas & Rebecca White Dec' 4 



Bryan Mary 1766 May 1702 
Bryan Jonathan 1708 

Bryan Mary 1745 

Bryan Josiah 1774 Ott' 3 1746 

Bee Joseph. Dec: 30 1746 

Barnwell Eliza: June 20 1753 

Barnwell Nat. May 24 1779 

Bee John Aug* 1707 

Bee Susannah April i 1713 

Bos wood Margaret Aug* 1721 

Clifford Charles Sept' 18 1753 

Creighton Leslie July 11 1749 
Cooper Mary (Basil wife of) Dec' 5 1751 

Dupont Gideon Sen': Oct' 2* 1712 

Dupont Ann Sen': Jan'': 23 1723 

Dupont Rebekah July 10 1742 

Dupont Ann Jun' July 15 1744 

Dupont Hannah Marc: i4 1745 

Dupont Mary Oct': 19 1752 

Dupont Gideon Fan*= Mar. 31 1755 

Dupont John Mar: 31 1761 

Ford George Oct' 5 1756 


Ford Susannah 

Glover Charles 

Garden Benj" Col" : 

Glaze James 

Hayne Isaac 

Hayne Elizabeth 

Hayne Abraham 

Hayne Susannah 

Hutson Richard 

Hutson Thomas 

Hutson Esther 

Hutson Ann 

Hayne Hannah 

Hunt Mary 

Hunt Martha (Joe & Mary) 

Hunt Elisabeth 

Hunt Joseph 

Hayne Jn"* H 

Hayne Eliza 

Hutson M. W. 

Hayne W" E 

Hayne Isaac 

Hayne Sarah 

Hutson W"" M 

Hayne Eliza 

Millar Mary 

Mackensie Rob* Jun' 

W" Pillans 

Ferryman James 

Ferryman Benj" 

Ferryman Elisabeth 

Ferryman Ann 

Mary Fillans 

Ferronneau Elizabeth 

Feronneau Ann M 

Skirving James Jun. 

Smith John 

Smith Elizabeth 

Shepheard Charles 

Aug' 9 1773 
July 23 1756 

June II 1737 
Oct: 4 1745 
Jan II 1746 

May 22 1746 
May 23 1747 
Jan': 1751 
March 21 1753 
Jan II 1755 
July 8 1707 
May 19 1742 
July 19 1742 
Nov' 14 1746 
19 Dec' 1751 
Feb' r' 1773 
Nov. 17 1774 
Nov. 23 1774 
Aug 29 1776 
July 2 1776 
Aug'* 10 1770 
Jan' 21 1777 
Nov' 9 1779 
Oct': 6 1748 
Mar 21 1741 
Aug 14 
Sept 25 1744 
Jan 13 1746 
Feb 6 1749 
Aug 28 1752 
Feb. 25 1744 
Aug*: 1744 
Oct' 23. 1744 
Mar: 29** 1745 
Tan' 1720 
May 1 73 1 
Aug : 13 1744 


Snipes W" Clay Octo: 5 1742 

Sanders W" Apr' 25 1749 

Sanders John June 2* 175 1 
Smith Mary (Mrs Cowper) Dec' 5 1751 
Simmons John 

Simmons Susannah Aug* 13. 1759 
Stobo James 1705 

Smith Rev* Josiah 1705 

Sanders W" April i 1774 

Singleton Rich* Aug* 8. 1778 

Simmons Carolina Sept 24 1778 

Webb John October 3*: 1744 

Webb William Dec 1745 

Wigg W"" Hazard Nov: 24 1746 

Wilson Sarah Dec': 2* 1747 

Wigg Mary Mar 2 1774 

Wigg E. H. May 13 1775 

Wigg W" Hutson Nov. 21 1778. 


William Ap: Son of John & Mary Hayne [Aged] 34 J/^ 

Nov: 26, 1764. 
Mary CiS* Daughter of Coll*: John & Susanna Bee 

Nov. 18, 1764. 
Abraham. W. C. Son of Abram & Susanna Hayne 

[Aged] 7 mo. Mar 26, 1765. 
Hannah. S. T. Daughter of And'': & Martha Maybank 

[Aged] 3>4. Ap' II, 1765 
Joseph S. T. Son of And" & Martha Maybank [Aged] 2. 

Apr: 13, 1765 
Harriot W": S, T. Daughter of William & Mary Hayne 

[Aged] 10"** June 2, 1765 
Ephraim F. Son of Ephraim & Mikel [Aged] 22. 

Sept' 26, 1765 
Mary Sharp C B^ Daughter of Wife of J. Sharp 

Esq. [Aged] 36. Oct: 24, 1765 
Joseph P: Moody of Charles Town [Aged] yy. May, 

Capt" P John North of St Bartholemews. Mar. 21 1766. 


Capt' C. W" Eberson of the Horshoe [Aged] 34. 

Ap: 26, 1766. 
Archibald Hamilton May. St. Pauls. [Aged] 30. May 

27, 1766. 
William Jackson of Jacksonsburg. [Aged] 25 Jan 12, 

Thomas P. Clifford of the Horshoe. [Aged] 22. Dec' 25, 

Charles Shinner Chief Justice of y' Province Feb 26 
Adam Sud: Daniel. Dorchester. Jan. 16, 1767. 
Joseph P. Spry of St Pauls [Aged] 21 Apr: i, 1767. 
David P Maybank of the Horshoe. Apr: 14. 

Bradwell of the Round O. Apr: 9. 
William Nf Pillans of Charles Town [Aged] 33 Oct. 12. 
Joshua Swindle of Jacksonsburg. Taylor July 23, 1769. 
Thomas Buer of the Round O. Planter. Oct': 23, 1769. 

Deaths. 1768 

Nicholas Harlston, Charles Town. Jan: 1768. 
William Guerin. St Andrews P: Jan: 20, 1768 
Thomas Bennet. [Aged] 87. Jan. 12 1768. 
Charles Shinner Chief Justice of y* Province Feb 26 

Alexander Petrie Charles Town Mar: 6 1768 
William Middleton Esq' Port Royal Island [Aged] 24 

William Hall Charlestown Apr: 
M" Stoutenburg " [Aged] 79 Apr: 

Mary Skirving Wife of William Skirving [Aged] 18 

William Dandridge Charlestown May: 
George Cuthbert Esq' of Georgia Apr: 
James Streather [Aged] 86 May. 
Mary Daughter of James Donnom Esq' [Aged] 16 May. 
Sarah Skirving Wife of James Skirving Esq' C T June 
M" Pinckney Aug. 

M" Hunter of the Round O [Aged] 70 Dec': 
Childermas Harvey of Ch: Town at Philadel: [Aged] 

20 Dec: 


Lady Ann Ainslie of S* Georges [Aged] 19 January 18 

Philip Pleu : Hext of the Horsehoe [Aged] 83 ? January 18. 

John (Shot) Sharpies of the Round O May 6 1768 

James Glaze of the Round O Feb 2 1769 

Thomas M'Cants of Ponpon May 6 1769 

Ann Wife of Gid: Dupont of Jacksonburg June 28 

George Livingston of C Town Jan: 1769 
William Johnston Electrician C Town Jan 
Mary Relict of D' W" Pillans [Aged] 25 Janu : 9 
Robert Davies [Aged] 108 Jan' 

Mary Wife of Christopher Gadsden Esq' C Town Jan 
George Seaman of Charles Town [Aged] 64 Jan: 31 
Archar Smith of St Georges Parish Feb: 1769 
Robert P Mcleod of Prince Williams P : [Aged] 38 Feb 

John Cattel Esq' of St Georges Feb 6". 

Martha Relict of Francis Bremar C Town May 9 1769 

Peter Broughton Esq of S* Johns Apr : 

Susannah Reu: Relict of CoP John Bee St Pauls [Aged] 

S3 May 11 1769 
George Fever Mathews of Charlestown Jun : 9 
Elizabeth Wife of D' James Carson Johns Island June 
Elizabeth Wife of D' Michael Racket Jamaica June 
Catherine Wife of John Waring S* Georges Jl 22 1769 
Elizabeth Wife of D' Clitherall C Town Aug: 25 

Thomas Smith Charlestown [Aged] 74 Sep : 8, 1769 
Charles Jones of the Horshoe of a fall from his Horse 

[Aged] 40 June 1769 
Rev^ M' M'Cleod Edistoe Sept: 1769 
Rev* M' Farmer St Johns Sept : 1 1 
Ann Wife of Thomas Walter of C Town Sep : 1 1 
Ann Wife of Richard Waring of S Georges P Sept : 
Isaac Fever Mathews Charles Town [Aged] 19 Sep : 
James Reid CH:M Esq' Member for S* Bartholemews 

Parish Oct: 12 1769. 
Edward Lightwood of Charles Town [Aged] 67 Oct 



Thomas Bulline of S* James at Rode Island of y* S'm 

Pox 1769. 

Elizabeth wife of Rob* Williams Esq' C Town 

Nov' 7 1769 
John Snilling of Charles Town Merch' Nov' 
Thomas Nightingale of Newmarket [Aged] 53 Nov' 4 
David Stoddard of Ch : Town Merch* Nov' 5 
Whitmarsh Fuller of Ashley River Plant' 
Dec' 3 1 76 [9] 

Elijah Prioleau of C Town Plant' Dec' 6 1769 
John Chapman of C Town Merchant Dec' 12 1769 
Judith Wragg [Aged] 71 Dec' 16 1769 
Ann Peacock [Aged] 90 Jan 1769 
Thomas Dixon of James Island Plan: Mar 1769 
Christopher Simpson of C Town Merch*: June 25 1769 
James Pots' Sands of C Town Merch*: Aug 1769 
Thomas Lee of C Town [Aged] 59 Aug 1769 
Richard Baker of C Town Merch* Sept: 1769 
Charlotte Mary Ann Porcher [Aged] 75 Oct: 1769 
William Ward Crossthwait of Combahee Planter 

[Aged] 26 Nov' I 1769 
Thomas Poole of the Horshoe [Aged] 22 Jan 1769 

Deaths. 1770 

Stephen Bull Sen': P: W"" Jan: 

Nehemiah Rivers Ja' Island Jan: 

Mary Austin Aged 84. Jan 4 

James Sharp Esq' Jacksonburg Jan : 22. 

Dan* Bourgett Jan: 21. Ag. 75 

Magdalen Truan Jan. Ag, 96 

Ebenezer Simmons C. Town Jan 29. 

Rich: Cochrane Ash Tobodoo March 

Tho": Elliott Esq' S' Andrews May 

Thomas Pinckney Ashepoo Feb 

Rev* Jn' Evans St Barth: Feb: 

Claudia Ingles. W. of Geo: Ingles. C T. March. 

Stephen M'azyck Esq' April 21. [Aged] 52. 

Ann Lebas April Ag*: yy 


Daniel Doyley Esq' May 

Helen Laurens W. of H. Laurens Esq' May 

Samuel & Mary Thornton May 

Charles Grimball Merch* : May 

Ann Hume June 9 Ag* 80 

Jacob Motte P: Treasurer June 20 Ag 70 

D' Ja" Dick S* Pauls 17 June 

W" Grame Esq' Attorney at Savanna. June 

William Baker Merch : C T. July 

Ann Gibbes Re: of Col" Gibbes of Jn"* Island Aug 

Jn" Dodd. Gunsmith C T. Aug 

Farquhar M'Gilvray. Carp. C T. Aug. 

Isaac Mazyck Esq' C T July 25 A: 71 

Nat. Green Hiltonhead Aug 

W" Carwithen, Librarian of C T L S Aug. [Aged] 66 

'Ruth Pinckney. Relict of y* Commissary Ag 66 

*Eliza: Moore Aug: Ag 16 

W" Wson. Factor C. Town Aug. A 33 

John Law of S* Bart : Aug* 

Maurice Jones Merch* : Aug C. T 

W" Woodrop of C T. Merch* Aug 12 [Aged] 63. 

D' Dishington of C T. Aug 2 [Aged] 24. 

Benj" Smith Esq' C T. July 28. Ag' 53 

Rich" Holoway. Collet': at Beaufort Aug. 

Jane Thomas W. of Samuel Aug 

D' Francis Garden Ashepoo Sep' 

Geo: Whitefield AB Sep: 30 

E. Lamboll W of Tho': Esq' Oct C T 11*' [Aged] 45 

Stephen Bedon Oct 

Catherine Moody Re: of Joseph C T Oct 14 [Aged] 53 

Samuel Lord. 

Marg: Cattell W of John. [Aged] 50 Ashley River Oct 


Jn* Lloyd Waring C T. Oct: 21. A 2o(?) 

Ann Lambton W of Richard Oct : C T. A 66. 

James Cuthbert D* in Georgia Oct: 15 

Ann Regina Smiser W of Paul C T 

'Relict of Wm. Pinckney, Esq. (Sec 5". C. and American General 
Gazette, Sept. 3, 1770.) 
^Daughter of John Moore, Esq., of St. Thomas Parish (Ibid.) 


'Jane Boone C T Ag : 69 

*Jn* Braund Sexton of S* Michaels. Nov: 14 

Charles Odinsell Esq' Georgia Nov. 

Ann Lowndes W of Rawlins Esq' C. T. 

Tho* Melvin S* Bart : Dec' 9 A : 65 

Jn* Combe S' Thomas Dec' 8 Ag: 35 

Jn* Gibbes of S* Barth : Planta — Dec'. 

Mary Faucheraud [Aged] 88 Ap': i 

Capt Geo Higgins ^ 

Thomas Colman L drowned March 4 

John Still J 

W" Shaw Merch* Beaufort drowned Aug i. 

Rachel Howard [Aged] 75 Aug 2 

Ann (Jn* Ward Taylor) Sept 14 

Alex Hext 20 

Joseph Ball Sug Bak [Aged] 66. 23 

Isabella Wish Oct i. 

1743 W" Singellton Jan' 13'' Round O [Aged] 23 

1749 Mar 3' Coir Jn" Bee St Pauls [Aged] 42 >$ 

^754 J^"^ (Culch*") Gibbes Mar: 11. 

17-5 Hon And" Rutledge Esq' Nov' 19 

1759 Isaac Holmes. 

*May 20 Hon: Jn* Cleiland [Aged] 60 
June 3 Dan* Crawford Esq'. 
July 16. Hon James Michie 
Sept: 14. D' John Linning 
Oct' 24 Jacob Martine [Aged] 85 
Morton Brailsford 
25 George Rex II 
Nov' II Thomas Drayton Esq' 

Jan' 9 Mary (Henry) Middleton 

•Jane Boone relict of Wm. Boone Esq. (S. C. and American Gen- 
eral Gazette. Nov. 13, 1770. 

•Last Monday Mr. James King, was elected Clerk and Sexton of St. 
Michael's Parish, Charles-Town, in the Room of Mr. John Braund 
deceased. — South-Carolina Gasette, Thursday, November 22, 1770. 

'On Tuesday last died at WinyaWt the Hon. John Cleiland, Esq., 
one of the Members of His Majesty's Hon. Council. — The South^Caro- 
Una Gazette, Saturday May 17, to Saturday May 24, 1760. 





















Rev Jn"* Rae Williamsburg 
Ralph Izard Esq' 
Moreau Sarrazin Silversmith 
Jn** Basnet. Master in Chancery 
Rev' W" Hutson 
Samuel Caesan 

Childermas Croft Clk Assembly 
Jordan Roche 17. 

John Ratray Att^ at Law 
W" Lloyd Merch* 
Edmond Atkin Sup : Int : In : Aff. 
Mrs Harry Garden ^ 

Ja' M'Pherson L drowned. 

Miss Butler & 8 Negroes J 
27 Mary Brewton 
Dec' 12: Ann (Anthony) Matthewes. 
Revd Jona*"* Copp S* Jn*" Colleton 
Jn* Gordon, the largest Man in Ame 
Chas Stevenson Merch* 
Sam' Winborn Merch' 
Jn* Macqueen Merch* 
Hugh Grange 

Jn* Jones Merch* 
Miss Judith Eraser. 
Miss Ann Mathews [Aged] 17 
Mary (George) Seaman 
Coll Daniel Horry 
Archibald Johnson Planter 
Isaac Holmes Merch* 

Andrew Johnson Planter 
Cor Henry Hyrne 

Sam* Perkins Coachmaker. [Aged] 62. 
Francis Gracia Oilmaker [Aged] 70. 

•On Thursday the 8th instant died, at Mar's Bluff in Craven county 
the Hon. Edmond Atkin, Esq; his Majestys Superintendent of Indian 
affairs in the Southern department of North America. — The South- 
Carolina Gazette; Saturday October 10, to Saturday October 16, 1761. 





























Mary (Isaac Mazyck) 
Martha (Frederick) Grimke. 
Alex' Broughton Planter 
Fred' Grunsweig Musick Mast 
Hannah (W") Brisbane 
Jn" Ball Planter S' Johns 
Mary Miles Stono [Aged] yy 
Mary (James) Donnom [Aged] 33 
W" Hayne Planter [Aged] 34 
Jn* Raven Planter 
Rob' M'Kewn Jun' 
Cor John Gibbes [Aged] 69 

M" (Humphry) Somers 

George Dandridge Glazier [Aged] 87 

Mary (Rev' Rob*) Smith 

Thomas Lamboll Jun' 

James Crokatt M. D. 

Francis Lejeau 

Rev* Levi Durand S* Johns 

Moses Audebert Barber 

John Tobler Esq' 

Maurice Harvey Merch* 

Ann (Geo) Austin [Aged] 65 

Ja' Grindlay Att' 

Cap* Alex' Anderson [Aged] 83. 

M" (Jonathan) Sarrazin. 

Ja" Moultrie Att^ 

Martha (D' Lionel) Chalmers. 

Arch* Stobo Merch* 

Jane (Rev* Arch*) Simpson 

Tho' Bromley Clk Assembly. 

Sarah Middleton [Aged] 82. 

Peter Taylor Planter 

W" Raven Planter. 

Capt" Jn* McKensie Merch* 
Tho" Wright Planter 
M" (Justice) Shinner 




: 22 

















































16 W" Fuller Planter 
Feb: 22 ]vl Williamson Planter 
July 15 Cap" Robert Boyd 
Aug 5 Rich' Black Coll': Beaufort 

13 Coir W" Walter 

Mrs (C) Gadsden 

26 Rev* Abram Immer S' Peters 
Sept' 2 Thomas Lloyd Merch* 
Sept: 17 Ann (John) Mayrant 

22 Francis Stuart Merch* 
Oct' I Rob' M^^Kewn Stono [Aged] 67 
4 Ann (Rev* Jn**.) Tonge 
8 Mary Hesket [Aged] yj 
12 Hector Berenger de Beaufain Coll' Charles 

Town [Aged] 67 
12 Mary Frost [Aged] 79 

Rev* Hugh Gaston 
16 M'" (Pat') Calhoun at 96 [Aged] 24 
22 Rob' Hume Planter [Aged] 37 

22 W" Poole Merchant 
25 Ag^es Lind. Milliner 

Nov' I Rev* Alex' Skene P Frederick's 
M'" (Steph) Drayton 

M'' (Th*") Hartley 

23 W" Elliott Planter [Aged] 70 
Elis: (John) Barnwell 

Dec' I Capt. Silas Miles 

2 W" Pinckney , Commissary (Aged) 63 

16 Elis: Hunt Midwife [Aged] 73 

17 Cor Tho' Middleton 
Champernown Williamson PI" 

27 M" (Sam') Thomas 

Jan' Edward Bullard [Aged] 70 

31 Mary Ann Bourdeaux [Aged] yy 
Feb: 10 Caleb Lloyd Merch* 

18 Joseph Stanyarne Jun' Stono 
Mar Elias Foissin Planter 

Mar I Marg* Ladson Ash: River [Aged] 80 


Ap' I 

W" Eddings P": Edisto 
W Branford Planter 

May 27 
June 2 

Major Jn* Mayrant 

Francis Kinloch Planter 

July 4 

M" (Ben) Elliott 

16 George Marshall Tav" Keep' : 

21 W" Harvey C Coir Beaufort 
Adam Stewart [Aged] 79 
Aug' IS .Capt: ]n Bull [Aged] 72 

23 Ann (John) Mathewes [Aged] 19 

30 Relict of Henry Peronneau 
Sept 22 Francis Varambaut Fr: Mast [Aged] 68 

25 Jn* Neyle Merch' 

26 Ann Proctor 

Oct' 6 'Rev* Jo' Darce Appleby Wilton. C. T. 

Jn* Govan W" loor 

Nov' 9 Susannah Scott [Aged] 75 

Rev* Daniel Wheeler 
21 Ann (White) Outerbridge 
26 John Harleston Planter [Aged] 60 
W" Matthews 
Francis Roche 
Dec' Rev* Hector Allison 

21 M" (W") Wragg 

Oct' D' W" PiUans 

Jan' "Rebecca (Col*) Rivers 

•Last Tuesday died, universally regretted, that truly pious and good 
man, the Rev. Mr. Joseph Darce Appleby Wilton, assistant lecturer to 
the rector of the parish of St. Philip's:— The South Carolina Gazette, 
Monday October 5, to Monday October 12, 1767. 

'•Rebecca Boone, the daughter of William Boone and his wife Jane 
Wilkinson, was bom in Antigua, October 13, 1733; {Oliver's History 
of Antigua, p. 70-71.) She married Capt. John Lloyd, G)mmander of 
Fort- Johnson, Nov., 1752. {Marriage Notices in the South Carolina 
Gazette . . . Compiled by A. S, Salley, Jr., p. 16), and afterwards 
became the third wife of Col. Robert Rivers as is shown by the will 
of her mother Jane Boone, dated Nov. 18, 1767, and proved Nov. 16, 
1770. which mentions among others, daughter Rebecca Rivers, grand- 
son Charles Rivers, and his sister Rebecca Lloyd. 



Lady Ann Murray 


W" Guerin Merch* 
Nicholas Harleston 



Cha" Shinner Ch : Justice 



Alex' Petrie (Silver Smith 


W" Middleton Esq' Planter. 


M" Stoutenburg Sarah [Aged] 79 


W" Hall Carpenter 
Mary Donnom 
W" Dandridge [Aged] 47 
Mary (W") Skirving 


Col' Jn'' Skene 

George Cuthbert Georgia 


Barnabas Branford Planter 



Sarah (D') Skirving [Aged] 45 



The two Miss Roses 


Elis: (Roger) Pinckney 


M" (Bern*) Beckman 
Elis: (Geo) Mullins 
Ann Cor Howarth 


Elis: (Barn") Elliott [Aged] 52 



Samuel Peronneau 


Geo: Bedon 

W" Simpson C Justice Georgia 


Childermas Harvey [Aged] 20 
James Stobo Jun' 
Cath (Childer") Croft 


Geo: Livingston 
W" Johnson 


Adam CuUiatte 


John Ladson 

1740 EHs: Huger 48 \^'^ 

1754 Jn" Gendron )£"| 

1764 Cath Henrietta Cordes ( ©ts 

1765 Magdalen Prioleau ( g §^ 



69 Jane Douxsaint jg-g 



69 Mary Ann Charl : Porcher J Q^ 



Mary (D') McNeil 





Sept' Jn° Taylor 
Ocf D' Matthew Hardy 

Nov' 9 Patience Cath (Dan') Stevens 
Mary (John) Amory 
21 Elis: (Tho") Fuller. 
Jan 21. Ann (Rob*) Little 
Feb Cor John Bell of 96 

Elis: (Math) Guerin 
10 Judith (Dav*) Guerard 
12 John Deering Att' 
W" Bellinger Planter 
Ann (James) Cassels 
March 6*"* Thomas Gadsden Merch' 
May 6 Tho" Elliott Planter Wappoo 
Aug* Jn" Amory 

Sep* Jn° Cleator blacksmith 

Ann (Rich*) Cole 
Mary (Cha') Cantey 
Isabella (]n) Nevin 
M" (Wellins) Calcott. 
Jan^ Capt. Joseph Miles 

Isabella (John) Nevin 
Martha (W") Lloyd 
Moses Darquier Merch* 
Elis: (John) Simpson 
Mary (Ben) Godfrey [Aged] 32 
30 Thomas Corker [Aged] 75 
Feb: Major Mathew Neilson [Aged] 41 

Elisha Poinsett [Aged] 60 
17 Elis: (Rich* Bohm) Baker 
Mar: Charles Richbourgh 

6 Capt James M'Pherson [Aged] 83 
25 Benj" Singellton [Aged] 27. 
April: John Mazyck [Aged] 18 
M" (Edw*) Legge 
Ann (Ed") Wilkinson 
May David Murray Georgia 


Elis: (Moses) Darquier 
Elizabeth Holmes [Aged] 76 
30 Jn" M'Kenzie Planter 31 
June 8 Elis: (Rev* Rob') Smith 

9 Henrietta (James) Stanyarn 
Elis: (Sheldon) Bull 
July II Charles You. Barber 

14 Alice (Plowden) Weston 
17 Sarah (W") Somersall 
Aug* 15 Peter Delancy in a Duel 
Sept' I James Harvey Merch* 

Mrs (Josiah) Perry 

David StoU 
23 Rev* Tho' Panting C T • 
27 Rev* Mr Pearce Beaufort 
Oct' Rev Jn' Thomas C T Ind* Church 

Alex' Rigg 58 
John Cole 
Nov' Rev* John Maltby. Wilton 
W" Mickie Merch* 
7 Mary (Ben) Huger 
19 Mary (Capt John) Bull [Aged] 72 
23 Rachel (Bart: Hen) Himeli 76 
4 Henry Webster Merch* 
30 Mary (John) Beale 
Dec' Thomas Butler 

10 John Moultrie M D [Aged] 71 
Susannah (Tho') Bee 
C CuUiatte 

Cha' Steven Stocker Merch* 
June W"* Brisbane 

Jan' David Gillespie 

Mary Ann (Benj) Farrar 

D' W" Tyffe Geo Tov^n [Aged] 43 

Rebecca (James) Brisbane 

Elizabeth Righton C T 75 

James Jordon Planter 

Rev* Alex' Keth S* Stephen 


Rev' Caleb Evans Bap*: C T 
Feb I. Hughes CoU': C. T 

Mary (Henry) Middleton 
14 W" Roper Factor 63 
20 Helen (James) Fitch 

Edw* Moran "C C Parish [Aged] 86 
March Edw* Dempsey C T 70 
Jn' Bennet C C P 96 
Jacob Stevens S* Bart: Mer 30 
25 Dan' Lessesne 
April I Rob' Quash [Aged] 72 
7 Joseph Stanyarne 72 

Judith Eraser 74 
16 Martha Combe 83 
30 Benj Simons Comssy Gen* 60 
May 19 And'' Rutledge Merch* 30 

30 Capt Ben Roberts 
June 4 James Hinds 30 

23 Lazarus Brown (Shot) 

25 Peter Mazyck Merch* 

26 Harriott Beresford (Miss) 
July Miss Manon Guerin [Aged] 63 
Aug* 5 Rich* Beresford 

Marg* Drayton 
22 Henry Gray 

26 Marg' (]n) Edwards 

27 M" Solomon Legare [Aged] 72 
Sep* 4 Jn" Jooi" Dorchester 60 

Sept' Edward Hughes Printer 
Rob' Randall 

James Simpson Shoemaker 
Alex' Chisolme 
Nathan Stott 
Rev' Miller S' Barth : 

24 George Murray Dep Sec'^ 
Oct' Newman Swallow Merch* 

M" (Oilver) Hart 

Ma ry (Isaac) Peronneau 

"Christ Church Parish. 



' 5 Sarah Perkins [Aged] 68 
II Jn° Miles S* Andrew 
IS Ann (Isaac) Motte 


John Rae 
12 D' Alex' Fitzgerald 
i6 Jn* Stanyarne [Aged] yy 
i8 Tho'Singellton 53 
19 W" Ellis 46 


7 John Warham 19 
Stephen Smith Merch* 
Hugh Wilson Jn* Isl" Plant: 
Lambert Lance Merch* 

4 Major Luke Stoutenberg 


19 (Peter) Manigault 



27 Jn' Marley [Aged] 49 
Tho' Hartley Planter 


21. Elis: Holmes [Aged] 69 
22 Othnel Beale (Hon***) Cor 85 
W" Rivers James Isl* 70 


4 Tobias Ford 

16 Tho' Loughton Smith 33 

17 W" Webb Planter 

Maj' Ja' Postell [Aged] 50 
10 Rosamond Perry 68 
28 Cap* Tho' Mace 75 

James Henderson 56 


13 W" Bampfield Merch* 
30 Sarah (John) Bull 


25 Arch* Stanyarne 


"Rev* M' Sewab St Andrew 
D' Wilply Ashepoo 
17 Martha (Cap* Jn°) Somers 

18 Sabina (W") Elliott & last week 

one of her. 


"Rev. John Christopher Ernest Schwab, Rector of St. Andrews Par- 
ish, a native of Franconia; elected Rector Nov. 25, 1771, and died of 
country fever, July 5, 1773. (Dalch, Frederick; Historical Account of 
the Protestant Episcopal Church in South- Carolina . . . page 342.) 


Augt Henrietta Michie (Alex') 

Theodore Jourdine P. Fred : [Aged] 40 
28 W Davis 76 

Sept' 2 Sarah (Jn*) Mitchell 
6 Catherine loor 86 

Ja" Wilson Wine Merch* 
20 Geo: Logan Planter 
Oct' Jn* Drayton Jun' 

"W" Rigby Naylor Arch* & Sury' 
18 Elis: Packrow 97 

Charles Elliott Jun' 12 
20 Mary (Jn°) Wilson 
Nov' 3 Tho' Mellichamp 
16 "Rev** Jn" Tonge 

Mary Stewart "St Jas : Sante [Aged] 82. 
W" Johnson D* D** 76 
Frances Deschampes 73 

James Jacquette 105 

12 Peter Manigault 42 

Ann (Ja') Simmons 
Dandridge Clifford 
Sam* Burn Taylor 
Nov 18 Cap*: Tho' Jones St Bart 
Dec' I Alex' Peronneau Jun' 

5 (Jn- Jun') M'Call 

Richard North 
George Swadler. 

"On Thursday last died, the injjenious Mr. William Rigby Naylor, 
Architect and Surveyor. (The South-Carolina Gazette. .Monday, Octo- 
ber 18. 1773). 

"Rector of St. Paul's Parish from 1759-1773. Dalcho, p. 356-357. 

"Parish of St. James Santee. 


(From the Laurens Papers.) 


As this Man has been so kind of his own accord 
to call upon me to know if I had any letter for York, 
being to set off early to morrow morning express from 
Mr Livingston — I take the liberty to Inclose you a 
printed Copy of our Constitution, this instant from 
the Press. 

The melancholy news of the loss of the Randolph, 
has reached us by the prize Master of a small Schooner 
from New York which was captured by poor Biddle 
he was witness to the dreadful scene when the Ran- 
dolph Blew up in the Engagement, which a Letter from 
Capt Wm Hall in a Brig in the service of our State 
and under the Command of the Randolph thus de- 
scribed "Lat 17° 54' n" Long 55° 18 W 8** March 
made Sail to Windward bearing E. N. E. 9 Leagues, 
gave Chace at 5 she proved to be very large, she bore 
down to us and at 7 p. m. fired a Gun to bring us to 
and then haled the Moultrie who answered them, I 
being under the Moultrie's lee quarter the Randolph 
upon the Moultries Weather Bow, the Polly to Wind- 
ward of the two, and the Fair American to Leeward of 
me — the Enemy shot by the Moultrie and continued 
towards the Randolph, the Randolph hove out no Sig- 
nal for hauling in a Line of Battle, but laid her Mosen 
Top Sail to the Mast and got in readiness for engage- 
ment. — the General Moultrie being to Windward of 
me I could not get to Windward to get up in the Ran- 
dophs wake, with that I laid my Main top sail to the 
mast for the General Moultrie to shoot ahead, we 


being then with our Starboard tack on board, by this 
time the Enemy got so near the Randolph as to hail 
her, with that the Randolph luffed up in the 
Wind and brought her Quarter & Quarter deck 
Guns to bear upon the Enemy and discharged 
them — with that I immediately gave the Ene- 
my a broadside, the Enemy took the advantage of the 
Randolph & Shot up to windward of her and gave her 
a broadside and so continued for 12 minutes the Gen- 
eral Moultrie to the Southward to get clear of her — 
Enemy began to engage when I exchanged the broad- 
side at her; by this time the Randolph Blew up, and I 
thought it was best for me to make the best of my 
way clear of her, as soon as the Randolph blew up she 
immediately gave chace to the General Moultrie and 
myself as I stood away to the Westward, & the Gen- 
eral Moultrie to the Southward to get clear of her — 
I found before she engaged that she had a flag hoisted 
at her fore topmast head & a high poop which I take to 
be a 40 or 50 Gun Ship — the Randolph disabled the 
Enemy much she shot away the mosen top Mast and 
Boltsprit" — I could not Sir help giving you the par- 
ticulars of this really distressing and affecting affair 
as the Letter lies on my desk before me from whence 
I have extracted the article — 50 of the best men in the 
first Regiment were on board of her and Several very 
promising Youths of this Country who have thus im- 
maturely fallen in their Country's Service the four 
Vessels in Company with the Randolph above alluded 
to, were those fitted out by this Country and put under 
the Sole direction of Riddle for the Express purpose of 
clearing our Coast, which has been for several Months 
annoyed by one, two and sometimes 3 Vessels — his 
taking so large a circuit was incompatible in my opin- 
ion with his destination, and the Views of Goverm*. 
and has left us now without any Recourse from the 
Evil, which we every day feel the effects of. 

Had I known of this Opportunity sooner, I should 
have transmitted to you an Acct. which our Comm*' 


have made out against the Continent to a large amount 
— The advance on this head, and the great and increas- 
ing charges of our State keep the Treasury so bare of 
Cash, that all schemes of Supply scarcely answer the 
daily demands. By the Tax Bill just passed 500.000 
dollars are to be raised in Consequence of the Requi- 
sition from Congress — by a tax of £5 on Lands and 
Slaves payable next June — 

About three days ago a Flag of Truce was despatched 
to St Augustine with 45 prisoners of war, to exchange 
as many of our unfortunate people as we can procure 
for them. 

I wish some means could be devised to obtain the 
enlargem* of Pickering and his Men who Suffer rigor- 
ously at New York — I saw a Letter lately from one of 
his Officers complaining in very affecting terms of their 

You will Excuse this hasty indigested Epistle 
by Candle light which I meant only to cover you the 

I am with Respect 

Sir y' Most Obed* hum Serv* 
Raw' Lowndes 
30 March 1778 
Charles Town. 


(From Manuscript Loaned by Mr. Townscnd Mikell of Edisto Island.) 

George Henry Smith of St George's Parish to Miss 
Maria Day of same place, March 2i'\ 1816, at 

William Bonner of Abbeville Dist., to Miss Ann Lee 
Joell of Charleston. March 27, 1816, at Charleston. 

Fabricus Perry, M. D., of St. George's Parish, to 
Mary Tranquil Scott of same place, M!ay 21, 1816, at 
St. George's Parish. 

Benjamin Singellton of St. George's Parish, to Mrs. 
Elizabeth Ladson of Charleston; October 31", 1816, at 

William Whitehead, of St. George's Parish, to Miss 
Sarah Holland of the same place; Jan' 12, 1817, at St. 
George's Parish. 

Samuel Jenkins of St George's Parish, to M" Lavinia 
Emma Whaley of St. George's Parish. December 3"^*, 
1817 at St. George's Parish. 

John P. L. Seabrook of St. Paul's Parish, to Miss 
Harriet Smylie Seabrook of same place. Dec' 11*" 1817, 
at Charleston 

Aquila Wood, of St. George's Parish, to Miss Emily 
Jorner of same place. Dec' 29, 1817, at St. George's 

*Rev. Wm. States Lee, born 1793, died July 28, 1875, was pastor of 
the Presbyterian Churches at Dorchester and Beech Hill for the six 
years proceeding 1821, when he received a call to the Presbyterian 
Church of Edisto Island, where he remained, except for a short 
period during the War between the States, until his death, a term of 
fifty-two years. (See H olive's History of the Presbyterian Church in 
S. C, p. 619.) 


Joseph loor Waring of St. George's Parish, to Miss 
Mary E. Perry of St. Paul's Parish December 23, 1817, 
at St. Paul's Parish. 

George Petrie Jun', of St. George's Parish to Mrs. 
Dorothy Bullfinch, of same place. May 3'*, 1818, at St. 
George's Parish 

William Jennings to Miss Eleanor Winningham, 
Jan'' 13" 1819, at St. George's Parish. 

Thomas Marklay, of Goose-Creek, to Miss Hester 
Hoflf, of same place. Jan' 21", 1819 at Goose-Creek. 

William Hoff, of Goose-Creek, to Miss Ann Breaker, 
of same place. Jan'' 28*\ 1819, at Goose-Creek. 

William P. Berberidge to Miss Margaret Sweat, Feb' 
9*^ 1819, at Summerville. 

Daniel Wright, of North Carolina, to Miss 
Eleanor Godbolt, of Marion Dist. S. C. Sept' 2*, 1819, 
at Summerville. 

Josiah Perry, of St Paul's Parish, to Miss Susan M. 
Smith, of St. George's Parish, Dec' i6'\ 1819, at St. 
George's Parish 

Joseph Mason Dill, of Charleston, to Miss Regina 
Alison, of St. Bartholomew's Par. Jan' 17, 1820, at St. 
Bartholomew's Parish. 

John R. Townsend, of St. John's Colleton, to Miss 
Amelia Waring of St. George's Parish. March 9*** 1820, 
at St. George's Parish. 

Thomas Williams, of St. George's Parish, to Miss 
Frances Blewer of the same place, July 6", 1820, at St. 
George's Parish. 

Judas Driggers to Mary Williams, July 31", 1820, at 


William Gell to Miss Rachel Berberidge. Otet', 1820, 
at Summerville 

Thomas Boone, of St. Paul's Parish, to Miss Sarah 
Stanyarne, of the same place. April I9*\ 1821, at St. 
Paul's Parish 

John Fripp, of Edisto Island, to Miss Mary Edings 
of the same place. Feb'' I2*^ 1822, at Edisto Island. 

Jeremiah Dickinson, of Charleston, to Miss Caro- 
Ime Shrewsbury, of the same place. Feb^ 27*^ 1823, at 

William Clark, of Edisto Island, to Miss Mary Bailey, 
of Wadmalaw Is. December 1823, at Wadmalaw 

John Jenkins, of Edisto Island, to Miss Elizabeth 
Clark, of Edisto Island. Jan^ 1824, at Edisto Island. 

William M. Mlurray, of Edisto Island, to Miss Lydia 
Clark of same place. Jan' 19*"* 1825, at Edisto Island. 

John Pope, of St. Helena's Island, to Miss Mary 
Townsend, of Edisto Island. Jan'' 1824, of Edisto Island. 

Ephraim Mikell Seabrook, of Edisto Island to Miss 
Margaret Mikell of same place. March, 1825, at Edisto 

John A. Seabrook, of Edisto Island, to Miss Maragret 
Murray, of same place, April, 1825, at Edisto Island. 

John Evans Edings, of Edisto Island, to Miss Mary 
Matthews, of the same place, Jan^ 1827, at Edisto 

William G. Baynard, of Edisto Island, to Miss Mary 
Swinton, of St. Paul's Parish, Dec' 20th, 1827, at Edisto 

Benjamin S. Logan, of St. Bartholomew's to Miss 


Dorothy L Lock wood, of Charleston April 22*, 1829, at 

George Washington Seabrook, of Edisto Island, to 
Miss Abigail Clark of same place. Jan'' 12th, 1830, at 
Edisto Island. 

James Meggett, of Edisto Island, to Miss Susan Mur- 
ray, of the same place, Feb. I8*^ 1830, at Edisto Island. 

William Edings of Edisto Island, to Miss Sarah 
Mikell of the same place. Jan'', 5*\ 1832, at Edisto 

William Townsend, of St. Paul's Parish, to Miss Hen- 
rietta Reynolds of Wadmalaw Island, May 3*, 1832, at 
Wadmalaw Island. 

B. W. Seabrook Jenkins, of St. Paul's Parish, to Miss 
Sarah Swinton of Edisto Island. April 4"*, 1833, at 
Edisto Island. 

William M'Cants, of Wadmalaw Island, to Mrs. 
Sarah Recard of the same place. October 24*\ 1833, at 
Wadmalaw Island. 

Ephraim M. Clark of Edisto Island, to Miss Susan 
J. Bailey of the same place, October 28*^ 1833, at Ed- 

Bartholomew R. Carrol, of Charleston, to Miss Eliza 
Adeline Mikell of Edisto Island. Nov' 21", 1833, at 
Edisto Island. 

Henry Bailey, of Edisto Island, to Miss Martha 
Hardy Mikell, of James' Island, April 24'^ 1834, at 
James' Island. 

Edward S. Lovell, of Charleston, to Miss Caroline 
O. Jenkins, of Edisto Island. Dec' 11**, 1834, at Charles- 

William B. Seabrook, of Edisto Island, to Miss Eliza- 
beth M'Leod, of same place. Dec' 29*^ 1834, at Edisto 


Daniel Jenkins Townsend of Edisto Island, to Miss 
Henrietta Evans of St. Paul's Parish. Jan^ i" 1835, at 
St. Paul's Parish. 

Dandridge C. You, of Mobile Al*, to Mary Lee Lock- 
wood, of Charleston, Nov. I7*^ 1835, at Charleston. 

Lockwood Alison of Charleston, to Miss Jane E. Tay- 
lor, of same place. Dec' 9*\ 1835, at Charleston 

William Browning, of Edisto Island, to Miss Lucinda 
Banister, of Edisto Island. Jan^ I9*^ 1836, at Edisto 

Derrill Sanders, of Edisto Island, to Miss Louisa Ann 
Earle of Edisto Island. August I4*\ 1836, at Edisto 

Joshua W. Lockwood, of Charleston to Miss Jane 
Bonnell of Charleston, March 29", 1838, at Charleston, 

Thomas Smith, of Charleston, to Miss Elizabeth T. 
Townsend, of Edisto Island. Dec' 20th, 1838 at Edisto 

Edward N. Fuller, of Charleston, to Miss Mary 
Mikell of Charleston. Nov' 14" 1839, at Charleston. 

W" James Whaley, of Edisto Island, to Miss Martha 
M. M. Clark of Edisto Island. Feb. 22"^ 1841, at Edisto 

Andrew Gordon Magrath, of Charleston, to Miss 
Emma C. Mikell of Charleston. March 8'\ 1843, ^^ 

William Edings, of Edisto Island, to Mrs. Hesse M, 
W. Mikell, of Edisto Island. Feb. 14", 1844, at Charles- 

Edward C. Whaley, of Edisto Island, to Miss Abigail 
Whaley, of Edisto Island. Jan^ 21'*, 1848, at Edisto 


Owen p. Fitzsimons, of Georgia, to Miss Mary E. 
Baynard. of Edisto Island. Jan' 27", 1848 at Edisto 

William M. Murray of Edisto Island, to Miss Caro- 
line Swinton, of St. Paul's parish. March 23'*, 1848, 
at John's Island. 

Joseph Y. Pope, of Charleston, to Miss Emily H. 
Mikell of Edisto Island. May 9, 1850, at Edisto Island. 

Theodore A. Beckett, of Edisto Island, to Miss Mary 
L. Walpole, of John's Island. May 28, 1850, at Edisto 

John Jenkins Jr., of Edisto Island, to Miss Marcel- 
line R. Murray of Edisto Island. Nov' 18", 1850, at 
Edisto Island. 

W" States Lee J', of Walterborough, to Miss Ann 
Judith Lafitte, of Barnwell District, Jan' 20*' 1853, 
Barnwell District. 

Ephraim C. Bailey, of Edisto Island, to Miss Char- 
lotte P. Edings, of Edisto Island. Jan' 30'', 1854, at 
Edisto Island. 

J. Evans Edings, of Edisto Island, to Miss Josephine 
Seabrook, of Edisto Island. Nov' 30", 1854, at Charles- 

D' Edward D. C. Jenkins, of St. Paul's Parish, to 
Miss Martha Ann Murray of Edisto Island. Dec' 19", 
1854, at Edisto Island. 

D' States Lee Lockw^ood, of Charleston, to Miss Ann 
Murray Lockwood of Charleston. Oct' i6*\ 1855, at 

D' Edward E. Jenkins, of Edisto Island, to Miss 
Eliza Isabella Jenkins, of St. Paul's Parish. Dec' 11", 
185s, at St. Paul's Parish. 

Septimus Hamilton Jenkins, of Edisto Island, to M" 


Annie Manson Bailey of Edisto Island, Sep* I8*^ 1857, 
at Edingsville. 

Rev. Ferdinand Jacobs, of Charleston, to Miss Caro- 
line L. Lee, of Edisto Island. Nov' i", 1859, at Edisto 

I. Jenkins Mikell, of Aiken, S. C., to Miss Sarah 
Georgiana Lee, of Edgefield District. Jan^ 7*^ 1864, 
at Edgefield District* 

W" Osborne Hubbard, of Augusta, Ga., to Miss Vir- 
ginia H. Whatley, of Edgefield District, Oct' 26*\ 1864. 
at Edgefield District.* 

John Millen Hightower, of Edgefield District, to Miss 
Melina Melissa Morris, of Edgefield, of Edgefield Dis- 
trict, January 25'\ 1866, in Edgefield District. 

Dawson Jardon, Graniteville, to Mrs. Mary Ann 
Walker, of Edgefield District. February 11", 1866, at 
Edgefield District. 

Julius C. Sosnowski, of Columbia, S. C, to Miss 
Susan Grace Tov^nsend of Edisto Island. February 14**, 
1867, at Edisto Island. 

Benjamin Seabrook Whaley, of Wadmalaw Island, to 
Miss Mary Ellen Bailey, of Wadmelaw^ Island. February 
2i'\ 1867 at Rockville. 

Amory Coffin of Penn', to Miss Emma E. 

Hopkinson, of Edisto Island. Jan"" 14*", 1868, at Edisto 

Robert E. Seabrook, of Edisto Island, to Mrs. Annie 
B. Whitehead, of Edisto Island. February 8*" 1870 at 
Edisto Island. 

Henry Barker Lee, of Edisto Island, to Miss Louisa 
Gibbes Turner of Charleston. March I4*\ 1871, at 

*Notc. Places of residence corrected in a pencil note to Edisto 


(Contributed by the Rev. J. R H. Galbraith, 
Rector of All Saints, Waccamaw.*) 

[The graves are surrounded by a brick wall be- 
tween three and four feet high, forming a square ; there 
are three old arched brick graves, apparently older than 
the others, and without inscriptions. J. E. H. Gal- 

In Memory / of / Benjamin Allston Sen' / son of 
John / Planter / Bom in All Saints Parish / 6*** Oct' 
1765. / Died in Charleston / on his way home / 26'*" 
Nov' 1847 / In his 83* year. . . . 

[Long Inscription on the right side, and on the reverse, 
the Allston Arms, and mottoe Immotus, and further in- 


Sacred / to the memory / of / Miss Ann E. Allston 
/ Eldest daughter of / Benjamin & Mary C. Allston / 
who departed this life / on the 23** day of November 
1814. / Aged 2y years / None knew her but loved her / 
None named her but to praise. 

[One marble slab, and three bricked graves, names 

In memory / of / William Allston Jun' / who died 
the 31" day / of July 1780 / aged 42 years. 

*For lack of space, all long inscriptions of an eulogistic nature have 
been omitted. 


In Memory / of / Benjamin Allston Jun' / who de- 
parted this Life / 22* February 1809 / aged 40 years / 
& 25 days. 


Sacred / to the memory of / Mrs Elizabeth Ann 
Tucker / the affectionate & beloved wife of John H 
Tucker / Born T* November 1790 / Died 13*'' Sept' 1822 
/ also / to the memory of two infants / who rest with 
their Mother / She was truly pious & benevolent / Kind 
& affectionate / Elevated in sentiment and / correct in 


William Washington / Son of Benj" & Charlotte Ann 
Allston / died Sept' i'* 1823 aged 19 years 27 days / 
His bereaved mother consecrated this / stone to the 
memory of her beloved / and affectionate Son /. . . . 


Died / in / Georgetown S. C. / Oct 21" Anno Domini 
1824 / Mrs. Charlotte Ann Allston / youngest daughter 
of / William and Sabina Allston / and Widow of / 
Benjamin Allston Jun' Esqr. / aged 53 years 3 months 
and 7 days / 

This stone is consecrated to the memory / of an 
affectionate and beloved parent / by her bereaved and 
afflicted child / M D C C C XXIV. 


To the Memory of / Mrs Charlotte Mary / Allston / 
wife of / Joseph W. Allston / who departed this life on 
the / 18*' day of February 1831 / In the 28"* year of 
her age / . . . . 


In memory / of / Mary Pyatt Jones / Widow of Wil- 
liam H. Jones / of Pennsylvania, / third daughter of 
Benjamin AUston J' / who died in Georgetown / March 
1836 / in the 41'* year / of her age. 


Sacred / to the Memory / of / Charlotte A. Coach- 
man / Widow of / John Coachman / Second daughter 
of / Benjamin & Charlotte A. Allston / who died / 
June 1 8th 1842 / aged 54 years and 18 day'. 


In Memory / of / Robert Allston / who died in 
March 1839 / in the 4*" year of his age / also of / 
Charlotte Frances Allston / who died in June 1843 / i" 
the 6" year of her age / children of R. F. W. / and 
Adele Allston. 

Mary Latin / the daughter of / Jos. & Eliz*** Ward / 
ob* 4*"* July 1806 / iE 4 years. 


In Memory of Mary Charlotte Allston, / youngest 
daughter of Benjamin Alston Sen' Esq' / and / Mary 
Charlotte his wife / Bereft but a few months before of 
/ an amiable and affectionate Mother / She fell her 
self a victim to a Violent / and Sudden attack of bilious 
fever / on the 25'** day of October 1802 / at the early 
age of 12 years and 7 days 


Inscription from the Quaker burying ground, 38 King 
Street, — **Charles L West | died | 17 Nov. 1837 | aged 
92 [?] yrs — 10 ms [?] 

• "B. W/' '*B. Wistar'* [two small marble strips set into 

"Daniel | and | Sarah Latham | and their children ] 
Daniel, Richard, | John, Ann, | Abigail, Rebecca, | Caro- 
line, j and I Grace Forbes.*' 

The Lathams are gathered together in one shield 
shaped sunken space, and "Grace Forbes" is separated 
from them in a distinct sunken space of her own — 
(Copied by M. Alston Read — ) 

Degrees Conferred on South Carolinians. "At a 

public commencement held on Friday, May 15, at the 
university of Pennsylvania, the degree of doctor of 
medicine was conferred on the following gentlemen, 
who submitted inaugural dissertations to the examina- 
tion of the medical faculty, on the following subjects: 

Mr. Joseph Johnson, of Charleston, South-Carolina, 
an experimental enquiry into the properties of carbonic 
acid, gas, or fixed air; its mode of operation, use in 
diseases, most effectual method of relieving animals 
afflicted by it. 

Mr. William AUston, of Georgetown, South-Caro- 
hna, on dropsy, or the hydropic state of fever. 

Mr. Francis K. Huger, of South-Carolina, on gan- 
grene, and mortification. 

Mr. Edward North, of South-Carolina, on the rheu- 
matic state of fever. {City Gazette and Daily Advertiser. 
Tuesday, June 6, 1797.) 

Obituary Notices of Revolutionary Soldiers. — Died.] 
At his plantation in the parish of St. George, Dorchester, 


Dr. Benjamin Lu€a<s Perry, surgeon in the American 
Army. — City Gazette and Daily Advertiser. April 30, 

Lately died at his plantation, at Oakettee-Creek soon 
after his return from this city, Col. John Leans Bour- 
quin, a firm supporter to the establishment of American 
independence, an affectionate husband and father, and a 
sincere friend. — City Gazette and Daily Advertiser, Sep- 
tember 22, 1794. 

Departed this life, on the 13th inst. in the 64th year 
of his age, Joseph Dulles, Esquire, formerly a respecta- 
ble Merchant of this City, and for some years past a 
resident of Philadelphia. Mr. Dulles was a native of 
Dublin — He came to this State during the War of the 
Revolution, and immediately after his arrival bore arms 
in defence of this City when besieged by Sir Henry 
Clinton, and lived and died exclusively attached to the 
Country of his adoption. . . . City Gazette and Com- 
mercial Daily Advertiser, Saturday Morning, January 17, 

The Theatre in 1773 and 1774. — Catalogue of Plays that 
have been performed here the Season, by the American 
Company of Comedians, under the Direction of Mr. 
David Douglas. 

Dec. 1773. 22. A Word to the Wise. High Life below 
Stairs. 24. Hamlet. Cross Purposes. 27. Suspicious 
Husband. Catherine & Petruchio. 30. Clandestine Mar- 
riage. Mayor of Garrat. 

Jan. 1774. I. Earl of Essex. Irish Widow. 3. Love in 
a Village. Lethe. 5. Gamester. High Life below Stairs. 
8. Stratagem. King & Miller. 10. Constant Couple. 
Catherine & Petruchio. 13. Mourning Bride. Lying 
Valet. 15. She Stoops to Conquer. Irish Widow. 17. 
Jane Shore. Cross Purposes. 19. Busy Body. Love 
A-la-Mode. 21. Cymbeline. A Wonder! 25. Beggar's 
Opera. Love A-la-Mode. 27. Romeo and Juliet. Miss in 


her Teens. 29. Merchant of Venice. Devil to Pay. 31. 
Richard III. Thomas & Sally. 

Feb. 2. Tempest. 4. Love in a Village. Love A-la- 
Mode. 7. The Wonder. Midas. 10. Alexander the 
Great. King and Miller. 12. Tempest. Guardian. 14, 
George Barnwell. Edgar & Emmeline. 17. Henry iV. 
Thomas & Sally. 19. Theodosius. Citizen. 21. Bold 
Stroke for a Wife. Mayor of Garrat. 24. Othello. Da- 
mon & Phillida. 26. She Stoops to Conquer. Edgar & 
Emmeline. 28. Jealous Wife. Citizen. 

March 2. Shipwreck. Catherine & Petruchio. 4. 
School for Fathers. Lethe. 7. Fashionable Lover. 
Padlock. 10. Maid of the Mill. High Life below Stairs. 
12. King Lear, Irish Widow. 14. Tempest. Padlock. 
16. Cymon. Miss in her Teens. 18. Recruiting Officer. 
Oracle. 21. West Indian. Devil to Pay. 25. Provoked 
Husband. Lying Valet. 26. Romeo & Juliet. Flora. 

April 4. School for Fathers. Buck. 6. English Mer- 
chant. Contrivances. 8. Fair Penitent. Cross Pur- 
poses. II. Roman Father. Irish Widow. 13. Way to 
Keep Him. Contrivances. 15. Constant Couple. Lying 
Valet. 18. False Delicacy. Witches. 20. Julius Caesar. 
Register Office. 22. Macbeth. Young American in 
London. 25. West Indian. Midas. 27. Tamerlane. 
Catherine & Petruchio. 29. Cymbeline. Love A-la- 

May 2. Bold Stroke for a Wife. Neck or Nothing. 
4. Orphan. Miss in her Teens. 7. Clandestine Marriage. 
Apprentice, 11. Cato. Reprisal. 16. Douglas. Devil to 
Pay. 19. King John. Guardian. — The South Carolina 
Gazette. Monday, May 30, 1774. 

Corrections for the April number. — The first letter 
from Miss Bull, on page 125, should be dated Ashley River, 
June 14, 1779, and the note on page 126 should read heiress 
of the Purry family, and not Perry. 

















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litLkjO Uir 

The South Carolina 

Historical and Genealogical 


Vol. X. OCTOBER, 1909. No. 4- 

By Henry A. M. Smith. 

The ancient town of Purrysburgh in South Carolina, 
which at the date of its settlement promised to be a rival 
of the nearby and nearly contemporaneously founded town 
of Savannah in Georgia, derived its name from Monsieur 
Jean Pierre Purry of Neufchatel in Switzerland. M. 
Purry is said to have been a Director-General of the 
French East India Company.* As early as June 1724 he 
addressed a memorial to the King proposing to procure 
to be transported to, and to settle, in South Carolina a 
number of poor Swiss protest ants on condition that he 
should be granted four leagues square of land with the 
same rights and liberties to his settlers as were enjoyed by 
the other inhabitants of the Province ; that the settlers should 
be formed into a Swiss regiment of which he should be 
made the Colonel, and that he should also be made a judge, 
and have the nomination of his own officers &c. and that 
his Majesty should transport the proposed settlers gratis 
from a port in England to one in Carolina.' The govern- 
ment of the Colony was then in the hands of the Crown, 
the Crown having assumed control after the upheaval of 
1719-20. The Lx)rds Proprietors however still claimed their 
charter rights and the ownership of the soil, and tliis me- 

*Dalcho— p. 385. 

•London MSS. in Off: Hist. Commr Vol. 11. pp. 13, 14, 127, 128, 132. 


morial was referred to them.* M. Purry came to England in 
1724 and came to an agreement with the Lords Proprietors 
in pursuance of which they agreed to grant him 24000 
acres for procuring 600 persons to settle, and also agreed 
to pay the charges of their transportation from England to 
Carolina; and on 2y April 1725 granted to Mons' Jean 
Vatt of Watt in Switzerland the 24000 acres in trust to be 
transferred to M. Purry when he should have fulfilled his 
part of the agreement.* 

M. Purry returned to Switzerland and evidently induced 
quite a number to agree to emigrate to South Carolina 
for M. Jean Vatt writes in October 1726 that a number had 
repaired to Neufchatel for the purpose, but that in conse- 
quence of the failure of the Lords Proprietors to comply 
with their agreement for their transportation to Carolina 
the intending emigrants had been stranded in Neufchatel 
to the great consequent misery of many who wandered up 
and down the streets not knowing where to find a dinner 
or a bed*: that Men' Purry and the others associated with 
him lacked even the £100 sterling that would have re- 
lieved the unfortunates, and had been forced to withdraw 
from Neufchatel and leave the Swiss there to shift for 
themselves*. M. Vatt stated also that 24 Swiss men women 
and children had already lately gone from Switzerland to 
South Carolina and petitioned that proper relief should be 
given them. 

With this unfortunate fiasco seems to have terminated 
M. Purrys first attempt at his settlement. 

In 1728 the Crown arrived at a settlement with the 
Lords Proprietors and acquired all their interests in South 
Carolina. Robert Johnson was appointed Governor in 
1729 and by the 43* and 44'* articles of the Instructions 
issued to him on his appointment as Governor provision 
was made for the laying out and settlement of eleven town- 
ships two of which were to be located on the Savannah 

•Ibid; Vol. 11, p. 132. 

*Ibid: Vol. 13, p. TJ, 

•Pub: Hist. Society of S. C, Vol. 1, p. 241. 

•London MSS. in Off: Hist. Com".. Vol. 12, p. 190. 


river. The specific instructions given him with regard to 
these townships were that a square of twenty thousand 
acres was to be first marked out for the township proper 
and in this square reservations were to be made for a town, 
a common for the use of the inhabitants of the town, and 
a glebe. Then the country surrounding this 20000 acres 
square for a distance of six miles in every direction from 
the outer line of the square was to be reserved for future 
settlers in the township. 

In July 1730 M. Purry renewed his proposition to the 
Crown proposing to settle 600 Swiss protestants at their 
own expense within the space of 6 years provided they be 
placed on the same footing with the rest of his Majestys* 
subjects in the Province and that Purry be granted 12000 
acres for himself free from all quit-rents\ This proposition 
was referred to Governor Robert Johnson who on 20 July 
1730 wrote advising favourably as to the project and 
suggesting that the township for the settlers should be set 
out on the Savannah river near Palachuccola Fort*. 

This proposition of Purry's seems to have been accepted 
on the condition that the Swiss upon their arrival take the 
usual oath of allegiance, and that thereupon lands be as- 
signed to them where they should dwell together in one or 
more townships as might be thought most convenient for 
the security of the Province, and that Purry be not entitled 
to his 12000 acres until he should have fully performed his 

Instructions to this effect were sent out to Governor 
Johnson and Purry with several other Swiss set out for 
South Carolina and seems to have arrived at Charles Town 
in the early part of 1731. The General Assembly of the 
Province in the Act for the imposition of certain duties on 
slaves &c, appropriated £5000 current money of the 
Province (about £715 sterling) out of all duties after 
the 25 March 1731 to be applied to laying out and survey- 

'Ibid; Vol. 14, p. 112. 
•Ihid; Vol. 14, p. 237. 
•Pub: Hist. Soc. of S. C, Vol. 2, pp. 127-179-182. 


ing Townships, and purchasing tools, provisions and other 
necessaries for poor protestants desiring to settle." 

In May 1731 Purry was in Charles Town for on 6" May 
Governor Johnson recemmends to the General Assembly to 
allow Col Purry £150. current money for his expenses to 
Savannah River to find a suitable spot for his Swiss set- 

From and after this date Purry is generally referred to 
as "Col" Purry or "Col" John Peter Purry this rank being 
apparently derived from the agreement that his settlers 
were to be formed into a regiment and that he was to be 
its colonel. 

The General Assembly allowed the £150 which was 
paid on the 8"" May 1731, and a letter was on that day sent 
to Capt Evans at the Palachocola Fort to meet Col Purry 
at Port Royal and attend him up the Savannah river and 
assist him in the location of a place for his settlement." 

Purry accordingly examined the banks of the Savannah 
river and finally selected a site on the north bank known 
as "Great Yamasee Bluflf."" This was to be the site of the 
future town and Purry marked a tree where he desired the 
middle of his town to be." 

Under the instructions to the Governor the Township 
square of 20000 acres was to include this town site and then 
there was to be a circuit of six miles from the line of this 
Township reserved for the settlers in the Township. 

The site having been selected Governor Johnson on i** 
Septr 1 73 1 issued a proclamation forbidding any one from 
procuring grants of lands within six miles of the proposed 

Governor Johnson says that no survey was then made of 
the Township and the contiguous six-mile area, as the season 
was not propitious for surveying" and Purry seems then 

"Stats, at Large, S. C. Vol. 3, p. 301. 

"Council Journal, Vol. 5, p. 74. 

"Ibid ; p. n. 

"London MSS. Office Hist. Com., Vol. 16, p. 347. 

"Ibid ; Vol. 17, p. 174. 

"Pub: Hist. Society, Vol. 3, p. 306— London MSS., Vol. 16, p. 318. 

"London MSS. Off: Hist. Com.. Vol. 17, p. 174. 


to have returned to Europe to gather together his settlers. 
Whilst in South Carolina he seems to have effected an 
agp-eement with the General Assembly whereby he was per- 
sonally to be allowed £600 sterling for every 100 effective 
men he procured to settle at Purrysburg. 

Before his return however he drew up at Charles Town 
in September 1731 his "Proposals" for the encouragement 
of such Swiss Protestants as should agree to accompany 
him to Carolina to settle a new colony and also a descrip- 
tion of the Province of South Carolina," 

According to these proposals persons could go as servants 
or on their own account. If they went as servants they 
would have to contract for service for three years, and their 
expenses, or certain of them were to be charged against their 
wages. Those who went cwi their own account were re- 
quired to have each at least 50 crowns as their passage would 
cost from 20 to 25 crowns. 

The alluring description of South Carolina covers too 
many pages to be reproduced here even in part No 
modern "boomer" of lands for sale could improve much 
upon Col Purry's rhetoric, and imaginative description. Of 
his proposed town he says : 

"The Town of Purrysburg will be situated 30 miles 
"from the Sea, and about 7 miles from the highest tide; 
"the Land about it is a most delightful Plain and 
"the greatest part very good Soil especially for Pasturage 
"and the rest proper enough for some productions. It was 
"formerly called the great Yamassee Port and is esteemed 
"by the Inhabitants of the Province the best place in all 

And again : 

"There are between 5 and 600 houses in Charles 
"Tozvn the most of which are very costly ; besides 5 hand- 
"some Churches vis: one for those of the Church of 
"England one for the Presbyterians, one for the Anabap- 
"tists, one for the Quakers and one for the French. If you 
"travel into the Country, you will see stately Buildings, 

"Carrolls Hist. Coll" of S. C, Vol. 2, p. 121. 


"noble Castles and an infinite Number of all sorts of cattle, 
"If it be ask'd what has produced all this? the Answer is: 
" 'Tis only the rich Land of Carolina." 

Purry came with some others whom he styles a "small 
ccMnpany." The names signed to his proposals along with 
his own are James Richard of Geneva Abraham Meuron of 
St Sulpy and Henry Raymond of St Sulpy, all of whom sub- 
sequently were settlers in Purrysburg. 

On his return to Europe Purry applied in March 1732 for 
an increased allowance in land for his efforts in procuring 
the settlement." This was not unreasonable for as he 
showed the mere cost of the passage of 600 persons from 
England to South Carolina was about £2400 sterling. 
His efforts were successful and in July 1732 an additional 
instruction was sent over to Governor Johnson to the effect 
that Col Purry or rather the "Sieur Jean Pierre Purry" 
should have granted to him 48000 acres provided he should 
have settled 600 Swiss protestants including men women 
and children within 6 years from Christmas 1732'*. This 
48000 acres to be laid out in lands most contiguous to the 

At a meeting of the Trustees for Georgia held in London 
on 22 July 1732 according to a letter published in 
the South Carolina Gazette," 

"M' Purry Leader M' Bingio Minister & the Elders 
"of the Swiss Protestants, who are going to establish 
"a Town on the River Saz^anah ; attended the Trustees 
"in behalf of their Congregation, returned them 
"Thanks for their Protection, and desired a Continu- 
"ance of it. The Trustees ordered a Library of Books 
"to be given the Minister, for the Use of him and 
"his Successors, and a handsome sum of Money was 
"raised by the Contributions of some of the Trustees 
"then Present, in order to be put into the Hands of the 
"Leaders and Elders of the Congregation for provid- 

"London MSS. Off. Hist. Comm", Vol. 15, p. 102. 

"Ibid; Vol. 15, pp. 105-121, 113^125. 

"Ibid; Vol. 16, p. 347. 

■No. 47— Deer. 2 to Dccr. 9, 1732. 


"ing Refreshments for the Sick in their Passage and 

"on their first Establishment." 

Col Purry and his company must have sailed soon after. 

The first notice we find in the South Carolina Gazette is 

in the N° (42) for the Week from October 28 to Novr' 

4, 1732 viz: 

"On Wednesday last, a Ship arrived here in about 

"12 Weeks from London, having above Sixty Switzers 

"on Board, the Master of whom Reports that we may 

"expect Col Purry with more every day." 

In the next number for the week Novr' 4 to Novr 11, 

1732 it is stated; 

"Major James Richards" (presumably the same who 
"signed the proposals with Purry) "is appointed Major 
"and Capt. of the Company of Switzers lately arrived 
The exact dates and numbers of the arrivals are stated 
by Purry himself in an affidavit made at the time." 

"S" Carolina Customhouse Charles Town Coir John 
"Peter Purry being duly Sworn on the holy Evange- 
"lists maketh Oath That he the said John Peter Purry 
"hath here Landed and put on Shoar at Charles Town 
"in this Province viz. 

"Novem' i'* 1732 out of the 
"Ship Peter and James Joseph Cornish Master Sixty 
"one men Women and Children 

"Decern' I3*\ 1732 Out of the 
"Ship Shoreham John Eldwards Master Forty two 
"men Women and Children. 

"December 15"* 1732 Out of the 
"Ship Purrysburgh Joseph Fry master Forty nine men 
"Women and Children who are all Come here on the 
"footing of Switz Protestants. 

"dated at Charles Town aforesaid this twelfth day of 
"March 1732. 
"Sworne to before us — John Peter Purry 

"Office Hist. Com", Book "Commissions Instruct"' 1732-1742," p. 6. 


"W Saxby Jur:&Comp: 
"Tho : Gadsen Coll : 
"Geo. Saxby 

"Xav. Officer" 

The total stated in this affidavit is 152. 

Governor Johnson in a letter to the Ehike of Newcastle 
dated 15 December 1732 states that M' Purry had arrived 
with 120 Swiss about 50 of whom are men, the rest women 
and children. For all of whom he had furnished provisions 
and necessaries at the expence of the Province." In a later 
letter of Dec 21, 1732 he states that M' Purry had ar- 
rived with 50 men and 70 women and children and that the 
60 who had arrived before had gone to Purrysburgh.** Purry 
is likely however to have more accurately stated the total 
himself in his affidavit and as we have seen he puts it at 


The Provincial Council had on 6*"* Octr 1732 in anticipa- 
tion of their arrival ordered Col Parris to provide such 
necessary tools as had been agreed by the General Assembly 
for the Swiss expected from Europe and also to hire 
"Perriagers" to transport them to "Purreesbourg" on 
Savano River with 3 months provisions for each of them, 
being computed to be alx)ut 150 Souls." 

On the 9"* Octr 1732 the Council ordered delivered to 
M' James Richard six small cannon at Port Royal and other 
tools nails &c for the use of the Swiss already arrived 
and to arrive;" and on the 16 Deer 1732 Col Parris was 
ordered to prepare his "Piragues" to transport Col Purry 
and his Swiss to Purrysburg." 

They left Charles Town according to the notice in the 
Gazette on Wednesday 20 Deer 1732. 

"On Wednesday last Col John Peter Purry, set out, 
"in three Pettiaugiis, with Eighty-Seven Switzers, in order 
"to settle a Colony on Savannah River in Granville County 

"London MSS., Office Hist. Com", Vol. 16, p. 4. 
"•Pub: Hist. Soc. of S. C, Vol 1, p. 248. 
"Council Journal No. 5, 1730-1734. p. 212. 
"Ibid; p. 215. 
"Ibid ; p. 249. 


**and was Saluted with Seven Guns from the Bastion at 
**their Passing by. 

"His Excellency our Governor has been pleased to appoint 
"M' Joseph Edward Flowers to be Captain ; and Mr. John 
"Savy to be Lieutenant under the said Col. Purry." 

If Purry only at first carried 87 out of his 150 it is 
probable that at the first occupation in winter of a wholly 
bare and unsettled spot it was judged wiser to leave the 
weaker members and the young children in Charles Town 
until some suitable provision for their shelter could be made. 
To each person above 12 years of age the Council allowed 
as follows. 

8 Bushels corn and peas 
300 Wght beef 
50 " Pork 
200 " rice 
I bushel salt 
I Axe 

I Broad and i Narrow hoe 
Also I cow I calf and i young sow for every 5 persons 
with some powder and shot." 

The Council also on 21 Febry 1732 ordered M' St: John 
the Surveyor Greneral to admeasure to each family of the 
Switzers settled at Purrysburg one Town lot and fifty acres 
of land additional and also to mark out 260 acres for a 
common and 100 acres for a Glebe." 

Purry himself seems to have actually arrived on the ship 
Purrysburgh on the 15" Deer' 1732 for on 14 Deer Govr 
Johnson wrote to the Lower House of the Assembly that 
there had arrived 43 Palatines" and on the next day Deer 
15 he writes to correct this, saying that Col Purry had 
arrived a few hours after his last letter and said that these 
43 were of his party." 

Purry's party were not the only immigrants to South 
Carolina arriving at that time for in the Gazette for the 

"London MSS. Office Hist. Com". Vol. 17, p. 78. 
"Council Journal, Vol. 5, 1730-1734, p. 277. 
"Ibid; p. 341. 
■Ibid; p. 342. 


week Nov 25 - Dec 2. 1732 it is stated that there had just 
arrived a sloop in about eleven weeks from Barbadoes with 
100 people on board who on the passage had been reduced 
to such extremity that they had but a pint of flour a day 
for 8 people for nigh three weeks. 

The names of the first arrivals are no doubt those men- 
tioned in the list set out later below of those who qualified 
before Governor Johnson on 22 and 23 December 1732. 
They only aggregate in number 93 and may therefore refer 
to the party who were carried to Purrysburgh in Decem- 
ber 1732 as mentioned in the Gazette. 

How long Col Purry remained with his infant settlement 
before returning to Europe for another contingent does 
not appear. 

On 10"* March 1732/3 the Provincial Council issued an 
order to pay M*^ John Peter Purry £700 currency on ac- 
count of £600 sterling to be paid him when he should 
4iave transported 100 effective men into the Province and 
another order to pay him on i'* July 1733 £700 currency 
on account of £400 sterling to be paid him when he should 
have transported 100 effective men into the Province." On 
31 Aug 1732 he petitioned the General Assembly to be al- 
lowed all of the next year to complete the number of people 
he was to bring over." 

On 6 Sept 1733 at the Council Meeting; 

"The Honble William Bull Esq' laid before this Board 

"a Plan of the Township of Purrysburgh and the re- 

"served land thereto appertaining which was by him 

"surveyed and run out. 

"Which Plan having been examined by his Excy 

"& His Majtie's Honble Council was allowed to be 

"very regular & was approved of." * * "And also made 

"an Order to pay Col W" Bull £500 curr: for nm- 

"ning out & making a regular Plat of the Township of 

"Purrysburgh & the reserved land thereto appertain- 


"Council Journal, Vol. 5, 1730-1734, p. 396. 
"Ibid; p. 514. 
"Ibid; p. 514. 


At the date this plat of Col Bull was approved of by Coun- 
cil Col Purry was in Charles Town or at least Governor 
Johnson so states in a letter the next year". 

The settlement seems to have been definitely made whilst 
he was there. On 17 March 1732/3 Joseph Edward 
Flower appeared and took the oaths as Lieut : Col : of the 
Switz Regiment at Purrysburgh"* and on 21 Sept' 1733, the 
Council ordered to be paid to M' Joseph Bignion the Swiss 
Minister the sum of £300 current money of the Pro- 
vince in consideration of his expense in coming over." 

When Purry effected his settlement he found an unex- 
pected and disturbing condition of affairs. 

Under the instructions to Gov' Johnson when the Town- 
ship was determined upon, there was to be allotted for the 
Township first a square on the river containing 20,000 
acres and then there was to be reserved for the use of the 
future settlers in the Township all the land within an area 
limited by a line six miles at every point from the outer 
line of the 20,000 acre original Township tract ; this re- 
served area containing approximately 109500 acres, 
additional to the original 20,000. In 1731 when Purry 
selected his Town site Gov' Johnson issued a proclamation 
announcing the fact and notifying all persons not to take 
out grants within the six mile limit. Notwithstanding this 
a number of grants were taken out intruding within this limit 
one of the grants for 8000 acres being to no other than 
Gov' Robert Johnson himself. Purry must have communi- 
cated this fact to his friends at home for his son Charles 
Purry in May 1732 addressed a petition to the King on 
behalf of his father whom he stated had embarked with 150 
Swiss for Carolina and was then settled upon part of the 
Township, and that Col Purry was apprehensive lest the 
remaining part of the Township should be taken up by in- 
different persons before he could entitle himself to the 48000 
acres to be granted to him in the reserved area, and pray- 
ing therefore that a grant be at once made to him for so 

"London MSS. Office Hist. Com". Vol. 17, p. 174. 
"Council Journal, Vol. 5, p. 294. 
"Ibid; p. 505. 


much of the 48000 acres as the proportion of the settlement 
already made by him would entitle him to." This seemed 
reasonable to His Majestys Council and on 19 July 1733 
an order was accordingly issued to Gov. Johnston to grant 
to Col Purry a proportional part of the 48000 acres accord- 
ing to the number of Swiss Protestants by him settled 
in the Province.* 

Other settlers seemed to have come out to join Purrys 
settlement who did not come directly with his party ; for in 
May 1733 ^^^ EHike of Newcastle wrote to Gov' Johnson 
recommending to him the bearer M' John Frederick Hol- 
zendorf a gentlemen of good family in Brandenbourg, whc 
went to Carolina for the purpose of settling at the new 
town of Purysburg: that he desired a commission in the 
militia and as he carried over two servants (labourers) and 
necessary implements, desired an allotment of a proportion- 
ate quantity erf land near that Town.*" 

Purry must have left Carolina in the autumn of 1733 
or early in 1734; for in April 1734 he presented a petition 
to the King which went before the Privy Council stating 
that in 1731 Governor Johnson under His Majestys instruc- 
tions had sun-eyed and set apart a Township on Savannah 
River since called Purrysburgh containing 20 000 acres and 
had issued a proclamation i*' Sept' 1731 forbidding persons 
to take up grants within six miles of the Township, the space 
included within which six miles limit was to be reserved 
for settlers in the Township. That a survey had been 
made of this area when it had been found that several per- 
sons had taken up grants on the South and East sides of the 
Township and within the six mile line which would defeat 
his Majestys intentions; that he had complained to Gov- 
ernor Johnson but the Governor did not regard himself 
authorized to remove these intruders; Purry therefore 
besought that these intruding grants be annulled and that 
his Majesty would order the six miles around the Town- 
ship be surveyed and set apart for the settlers in the Town- 

"London MSS. Office Hist. Com»., Vol, 16, p. 153. 
"Ibid ; p. 169. 
«rbid ; p. 123. 


ship; and that the most substantial settlers in the Town- 
ship be allowed grants for additional land within this six 
mile limit, and that those whose lots were situated on the 
rivulet which ran through the Town should be allowed a 
double lot in the Town for their charges in cleaning and 
clearing the same.** This petition was by Charles Purry 
as Agent for his father, but is was followed up by a list of 
the intruding grants furnished by Purry himself** viz — 
eight grants aggregating 47655 acres 

Purry followed this list by a long letter dated 13 July 1733 
stating his case, that he had borrowed from others the mon- 
ey to pay the expenses of making the settlement, that he 
had carried over and placed in Purrysburg 260 Swiss but 
that when his friends ascertained that persons claiming to 
be entitled to Grants from the Lords Proprietors had in- 
truded upon and taken up lands within the reserved area, 
they refused to advance and assist him any more to com- 
plete his settlement. This affected him Purry personally 
for the 48000 acres which was to be awarded him for car- 
rying out the settlement was to be laid out in the lands 
in the six mile area most contiguous to the Township** 

This petition of Purry was granted so far as related to 
allowing substantial settlers more land in the Township 
and reserved area, and also as to allowing the settlers along 
the rivulet double lots ; the question as to the validity of the 
intruding grants was referred by the Committee on planta- 
tion affairs to the Board of Trade and by the Board to His 
Majesty's Attorney General and Solicitor General for an 
opinion and in the meantime Governor Johnson was writ- 
ten to for an explanation. This explanation he gave fully 
in a letter dated 9 Novr 1734 in which he stated that as 
soon as M' Purry had marked the tree where he designed 
the middle of his Town to be, he had issued a proclamation 
forbidding any person taking up lands within six miles of 
that place. The Township and contiguous six miles were 
not surveyed at that time the season not being propitious 

^"London MSS. Office Hist. Comm"., Vol. 16, p. 318. 

^•Ibid; p. 343. 

•London MSS: Office Hist. Com"., Vol. 16, p. 347. 


for surveying; that Col Bull had been sent to survey it as 
soon as possible and then found that several tracts had been 
laid out for intending grantees within the six mile limit; 
that Col Bull had reported the matter to the Provincial 
Council and gave it as his opinion that it would be better 
for the Township to replace the area thus lacking below 
the Town by an addition above, as the Township would 
then have a larger frontage on the river and that the Coun- 
cil had ordered Col. Bull accordingly to give a double 
quantity above the Town, that M' Purry was at the time in 
Charles Town and made no objection. The mistake arose 
from the Township and six mile limit not being run out at 
the time when the spot was selected by Purry ; that it was 
impossible to judge of distances in the woods. 

Grovernor Johnson also gives an account of how the grant 
to himself (which he offers to surrender) came to be issued 
and adds that as soon as His Majestys orders came he would 
have a new survey made and thought that the people who 
had grants of whom there were not many would acquiesce.** 

On 12 Aug 1734 the Attorney and Solicitor General 
gave in their opinion that the intruding grants were in- 
valid** and instructions were issued accordingly but no 
direct action seems to have been taken and it was not until 
May 27 1738 that positive instructions were issued to Col 
Sam* Horsey just appointed Governor of South Carolina 
(he died without even reaching the Province) to resurvey 
the six mile area and remove the intruding claimants.** 

Most of these intruding grants only invaded the reserved 
area for a portion of the grant, with the exception of the 
grant to Robert Thorpe for 12000 acres which was entirely 
within the six mile limit, and it appears in the other cases 
that as stated by Governor Johnson the trespass was due 
to mistake. 

Whilst this controversy was going on Purry continued 
the completion of his settlement. He must have left 
Europe for South Carolina in the late summer or early 

nbid; Vol. 17, p. 174. 

•Ibid; Vol. 16, pp. 404-408. 

-•Ibid: Vol. 18» p. 224; Vol. 19, p. 170. 


autumn of 1734 for on 8 Novr 1734 there is a letter from 
Governor Johnson to the Council recommending that pro- 
vision be made for subsisting Col Purrys people just ar- 
rived" and in his letter of the 9" Novr 1734 above referred 
to he states that **M' Purry is arrived with about 280 souls. 
"I ordered provisions to be ready against their arrival." 
The Gazette for the week Nov 9 to Nov 16 1734 gives 
the following account of this arrival : 

"Col Purry is lately arrived from England at Purys- 
''burg in the Ship Simmon Capt: Cornish with 260 
"Switzers Protestants and their minister M' Chiefelle ; 
"one hundred and odd more are expected there every 
"day, who were ready to embark at the beginning of 
"October last, among those are 40 Persons of the per- 
"secuted Protestants in Piemont and a Collect has been 
"made for them in England, Where we hear that 
"James Oglethorpe Elsq*^ has subscribed 4o£ sterling 
^'the Due de Montague and several other Persons of 
"distinction have likewise handsomely subscribed — 
" Tis hoped the Province will be kind enough to afford 
"them the necessary Provisions, Tools, Cattle &c in 
"order to help forward an infant Colony which is now 
"almost two Years old'* — 

In the next number of the Gazette (16 Nov to 23 Novr 
1734) the account is given 

"We hear that on Saturday last the Petition of Coll 
"Purry was read and exam* by the Hon : the Commons 
"House of Assembly wherein he demanded (i) that 
"the 20o£ Sterl: due to him for having carried over 
"to South Carolina even a greater number of People 
"then he had engaged for, might be paid to him, 100 
"£ Sterl now and the other 100 in the Month of 
"March next (2) That the necessary Provisions be 
"given to the 260 Persons he brought over with him 
"last, the same as it was given to them that came over 
"before (3) And lastly that the debts made at Geor- 

**Council Journal, Vol. 6, p. 2. 


"gia by the Passengers that landed there for Purrys- 
"burgh, for victuals and other necessaries, likewise for 
"Periawgus to Carry them to the said Place might be 
"paid. Both the Hon: Houses finding his demands 
'Very reasonable, readily granted them. 

"To the petition of the Minister at Purysburg M' 
"Chiflfelle, it was answered that the Pension of a Min- 
"ister could not yet be allowed to him till the Town of 
'*Purrysburg should be erected into a Parish; in the 
"meantime one hundred Pounds should be paid to him 
"for defraying the Qiarges of his Voyage, and further 
"care be taken to satisfy him.' 
The record does not disclose whether Purry himself con- 
ducted any other band of settlers; nor does it show how 
long he remained in South Carolina after his arrival in 
November 1734. 

The Gazette for the week 19*"* April to 26'** April 1735 
contains the following; 

"By a Letter from Purry sburg of April 10 We are 
"informed, that of the 200 Protestant Swiss who were 
"to embark in London for that Place, no having been 
"put a shore in Georgia by Capt Thompson were ar- 
"rived there, that the King has given them out of his 
"own Money I20o£ sterl. to pay their Passages on 
"Condition that they should settle in Purrysburgh and 
"no where else; That upon this Fund Notes were made 
"amounting to the said Sum, payable in five Years 
"with Interest, according to the Usage of Carolina to 
"reckon from the Day of their Arrival, the Money 
"accruing by the reimbursement of these Notes to be 
"em,ployed for the Use of that Town to fortifie it, and 
"to render it more commodious to its Inhabitants." 
And the Gazette for the next week following viz 26" Apl 
to 3 May 1735 contains the item; 

"On Monday arrived here the Scoouer Dolphin 
'* James Lusk in 7 Weeks from London with about 30 
"Swiss for Purrysburgh." 
From the terms of Gov' Johnsons Proclamation men- 


tioned later Col Purry would certainly appear to have been 
in Carolina in April 1735. 

Purry seems to have early had trouble with his settlers. 
The Gazette for the week 12*'* April to 19 April 1735 con- 
tains a proclamation by Gov' Robert Johnson reciting that 
he had received information from Col. Peter Purry that 
several persons at Purrysburgh had sold the lots and lands 
in the Township of Purrysburg which they claimed, al- 
though they had obtained no grants to them, and notwith- 
standing they had received the benefits and bounty of the 
Province in provisions &c &c. and that others had attempted 
to sell their pretended lots in the Township although they 
had never been to Purrysburgh, all of which was contrary 
to the Kings intention in settling the Township, and a fraud 
and imposition on the public as no grants would be issued 
except to persons named in the warrants who were actual 
settlers in the Township. 

After his death his son and heir Charles Purry addressed 
a petition dated 18 May 1738 to the King in which he 
stated that his father had imported 600 Swiss and per- 
formed his part of the contract; and in the additional in- 
structions to Governor Johnson dated 13 Febry 1734 it is 
said that Col Purry had asked in his petition that as other 
foreign protestants might desire to settle at Purrysburgh 
all such should be credited to him in order to entitle him to 
the 48000 acres.** 

It is likely that settlers came over not directly in com- 
pany with Purry but who as induced to come by his settle- 
ment he claimed to be entitled to the credit for."*** There 
was a petition addressed to the Lords Commissioners of 
Trade in July 1735 by Daniel Vemezobre in which he 
slated that about a year since he had given to a gentleman 
who was about to settle at Purrysburgh several of his people 
on condition that a proportion of the lands should be as- 
signed over to him. That he had expended a considerable 

•Office Hist. Com^ Vol. Commissions Instructions 1732-1742, p. 148. 

Note. The Gazette for the week 12th July to 19th July, 1735, states 
that 250 Switzers had arrived to settle a Township on the Edisto 


sum, above £1000 Stg, in the affair in transporting peqrfe 
tools implements ironwork trees negroes &c &c and desired 
that the lands granted should be put in his name. This 
petition was refused apparently on the grounds that none 
but an inhabitant could take up lands within the six mile 
limit; and Vemezohre seems later to have become an in- 

The settlement was apparently a commercial venture on 
Purrys part. In which venture he seems to have induced 
others to aid and take part by advancing money &c &c 
He was to receive the 48000 acres to be granted him by 
the King and the bonus or payment allowed by the Province 
viz £600 sterling for every 100 effective men. Some 
idea of the expense to which the Province was put is given 
by an estimate of the charges incurred at the time of the 
arrival of the first batch in 1732. The paper is headed 
"Estimate of the charge arriving by the encouraging Coll 
Purry to transport and settle Purysburg" * 

£ s.d. 

Expenses to locate T ship 150. 0.0 

allowed Col Purry 2800. 0.0 

Survey 500. 0.0 

Provision for 250 persons over 12 4312. 10. o 

" " 50 Children under 12 405. 0.0 

Tools for 250 persons 1000. 0.0 

Sixty Cows & Calves 480. 0.0 

" Young Sows 180. 0.0 

Conveyance at £5. per head 1500. 0.0 


£11327. 10. o in current money was worth at the time 
about one seventh of the amount in sterling. 

The expenses of the second batch of 260 or 280 who 
arrived in 1734 could scarcely have been less to the Pro- 
vince. How Purry and his friends came out of the ven- 
ture can only be a matter of speculation now. 

^London MSS. Office Hist. Com"., Vol. 17, p. 78. 


The following are the grants which on the record appear 
to have been made to Purry; 

23 Febry 1732 100 acres 

23 March 1733 12000 " 

12 Nov' 1734 6650 " 

16 Jany 1736 600 '* 

6 Octr 1733 One Town lot in Purrysburgh 

To Charles Purry there was granted on 9 Sept' 1736 town 
lot N° 56 in Purrysburgh and to John Rodolph Purry there 
was granted on 18 March 1735 /6 300 acres and on 4 Novr 
1736 a town lot in Purrysburgh. 

The settlement was a large one for the time, say over 
600 persons and composed in part at least of settlers of a 
very substantial character. Daniel Vernezobre as we have 
seen claims to have expended over f 1000 stg a large 
sum for those days; Jean Baptiste Bourquin had been a 
surgeon in Marlborough's army;"** John Frederick Hol- 
zendorff was of good family, D' Daniel Brabant was 
a physician, and among the settlers was Hector Berenger 
de Beaufain, and also Henry de Saussure the ancestor of 
the family of that name. It has been spoken of as a French 
Huguenot settlement but this is an error. Many if not 
most of the settlers were French speaking Swiss but many 
were also German Swiss, and were Huguenots only in the 
sense of being protestants. 

The settlement at the location at Purrysburg does not 
seem to have thriven. The site selected was an. unfortu- 
nate one, not at a good point for navigation and in a very 
sickly and malarial locality. The circumstances that most 
tended to check its development was the settlement of 
Georgia and the near neighbourhood of the Town at Savan- 
nah. Many if not most of the settlers at Purrysburg 
appear to have drifted over into Georgia. 

S. C. Gazette for 30th Jany. 1784, states : 

"Died near Purrysburg D' John B. Bourquin, aged 93 years— 
"He served nine years as a Surgeon in the Duke of Marl- 
"borough's army and settled at Purrysburgh in this State in 


Others went elsewhere; Berenger de Beaufain lived in 
Charleston and others moved to Beaufort. 

Very little is known of the subsequent history of the 
Town. The two ministers the Rev* M' Joseph Binion or 
Bignion or Bugnion and the Rev* M' Henry Chiffelle are 
said both to have been in orders in the Church of Eng- 
land."***" The Rev* M' Binion is stated by Dalcho to have 
moved to the Parish of St. James Santee in 1734. 

In 1746 the General Assembly passed an Act "for erecting 
the Township of Purrysburgh and parts adjacent into a 
separate and distinct Parish'"* 

This is the Act which creates the Parish of St Peter and 
it declares "That the church or chapel and the dwelling 
"house at Purrysburgh wherein the Rev M' Chiffelle hath 
"preached and dwelt for some years past shall be deemed 
"and taken and they are hereby declared to be the Parish 
"Church and parsonage house of the said Parish of St 

The Act further provided that the Minister or Rector 
should receive £100 currency yearly and that the Parish 
should have one representative in the Commons House of 
Assembly. The Church and parsonage had been built with 
public funds and were therefore by this Act only de- 
clared to be the Parish church and parsonage for the new 

In his petition in 1738 after the death of his father 
Charles Purry states that the not possessing the lands affect- 
ed by the intruding grants surveyed to the Switzers, had oc- 
casioned their inability to support themselves after the pro- 
vision for them was exhausted, whereby many had perished 
and more had been forced to disperse. 

Note. Dalcho states that the Rev. M. Bugnion was ordained Priest 
by the Bp. of St. Davids 25 July 1732 and that the Rev. M' Chiffelle was 
a native of Switzerland ordained Priest by the Bp of London in 1734 
and was sent out by the Society for the propagation of the Gospel in 
Foreign Parts— Dalcho, p. 386. 

••Statutes at Large. Vol. 3, p. 668. 

Note. The Tax Act for 1736-7 appropriates £200 for building a 
place for divine worship at Purrysburg— Cj^n7 Stats. S. C, Vol. 3, 
p. 484. 


Dalcho states that in 1735 Purrysburgh contained near 
100 dwellings. 

Hewatt in his History, published in 1779, g^ves the ac- 
count which has been followed by later writers — viz : 

"On the other the poor Swiss emigrants began their 
"labours with uncommon zeal and courage, highly ele- 
"vated with the idea of possessing landed estates, and 
"big with the hopes of future success. However, in 
"a short time they felt the many inconveniences attend- 
"ing a change of climate. Several of them sickened and 
"died, and others found all the hardships of the first 
"state of colonization falling heavily upon them. They 
"became discontented with the provisions allowed tliem, 
"and complained to Government of the persons em- 
"ployed to distribute them; and to double their dis- 
"tress, the period for receiving the bounty expired be- 
"fore they had made such progress in cultivation as to 
"raise sufficient provisions for themselves and fam- 
The settlement continued however for many years. 
Notwithstanding the depletion by withdrawals to Georgia, 
tc the healthier part of Beaufort now Hampton County, and 
elsewhere, the Church at Purrysburgh continued as the 
Parish Church of St Peters Parish for many years. The 
Rev. M' Chiffelle served until his death in 1758. He was 
succeeded by the Rev. Abraham Imes who arrived in 1760 
and continued until his death in 1766. Purrysburgh was 
in 1779 the headquarters for some time of General Lincoln 
and also of General Moultrie when they were facing Prevost 
on the opposite side of the river but after the disastrous 
rout of General Ash's command at Brier creek the Ameri- 
cans abandoned Purrysburgh, which place in April 1779 
was occupied by the British Army under General Prevost 
as the first step in the advance against Charles Town. 

After that there is but little mention of Purrysburgh, 
which apparently continued to dwindle until it practically 
disappeared as a town settlement, aJtho in his "Statistics 
of South Carolina" published in 1826, Mills enumerates it as 
still one of the villages or towns of Beaufort County, com- 


ing next to Beaufort and being situate on a high and pleas- 
ant bluff twenty miles north of the City of Savannah. 

The following list is taken from a parchment bound volume 
in the office of the Historical Commission marked "Com- 
missions Instructions 1732-1742," on p. 4. It appears to 
be a list of those Swiss who came over with Purry in the 
Autumn of 1732, or of such of them as went from Charies 
Town to Purrysburgh with him and qualified i. e. took the 
oath of allegiance. 

"A List of the Germains and Switz Protestants under the 
"Command of CoU" Purry qualified before his Excellency 
"Robert Johnson Esquire Governour of this Province on 
"the 22 and 23 dayes of December 1732. 

"David Huguenin age de 60. 

"Susanne Jacot sa femme 47. 

"Dan* Huguenin son fils 14. 

"David son fils 8. 

"Abraham son fils 10. 

"Marguerite sa fille 12. 

"Josue Robert 56. 

"Josue Robert son fils 21. 

"Marie Madeleine sa fille 29. 

"Anne Valleton Veuve de Pierre Jeanneret 49. 

"Henry son fils 19. 

"Jacques Abram son fils 17. 

"Jean Pierre son fils 14. 

"Marie sa fille age de 21. 

"Rose Marie sa fille 9. 

"Franqois Buche 46. 

"Margarette sa femme 50. 

"Jean Pierre son fils 4. 

"Dan Henry son fils i. 

"Abram son fils 2. 

"Susanne sa fille 8. 

"Henry Girardin 32. 

"Marguerite sa femme 32. 

"David son fils 7. 

"Henry son fils 4. 


"Anne sa fiUe 2. 

"Francois Bachelois 46. 

"Madeleine sa femme 36. 

"Batiste son fils 6. 

"Francois sa fille 3J4. 

"Marie sa fille ij4. 

"La veuve Breton 53. 

"Jean Pierre breton son fils age de 17. 

"Ulric bac age de 50. 

"Jacob Calame age de 56. 

"Abram Marte age de 60. 

"David Giroud age de 18. 

"Jacob Henry Meuron age de 19. 

"Madame Varnod 

"Abram Varnod son fils 

"Francois son fils 

"Frantions sa fille 

"Mariane La fille 

"Andriane Richard 

"Monsieur Purry 

"Monsieur buttal 

"Monsieur Flar 

"Names of the Germains 

"Jaque Winkler 15 de Lage 

"Anna Catarina Winkler 43 

"Jaque Winkler 19, 

"Nicholas Winkler 16. 

"Son Jaque Winkler 9 

"Luis Winckler 6, 

"Frederick Winckler 3 

"Eve Elizabeth 12 

"Theobald Kiiffer 49 

"Anna Margarita 40. 

'7aqueKuflFer 16 

"Theobald Kuffer - 13 

"Margaritt 14 

"Elissabeht Margaritt n 


"Elizabeht Catarina 9. 

"Maria Ottillia 4. 

"Barbara 2. 

"Luis Kohl 45. 

"Anna Barbara 40. 

"Son Nicolas 11. 

"Son Jaquer 5. 

"Nicolas 3. 

"Margaritha 13. 

"Anna Marill 8. 

"Maria Margaritha i. 

"Nicolas Riger 46. 

"Anna Barbara 36. 

"Son Michael Riger 13. 

"Janett Ottallia 18. 

"Catarina Barbara 4. 

"Henrich Cronenberger 40. 

"Elizabeht 35. 

"Nicolas Cronenberger 15. 

"Gertrues 5. 

"Anna Catharina 2. 

"Sorg Mengersdorff 28. 

"Anna Sibilla 26. 

"Son Hendrick Mengersdorff 3. 

"Elizabeht 2. 

"Andrew Winckler 23. 

"Anna Susan 23. 

"Leonhards Franck 50. 

"Anna Susana 48. 

"Danl Franck 8. 

"Christian Fuus 32. 

La Sama 45.*' 


In the following list of grants it is to be noted that there 
are non earlier than 4 December 1735. As the first set- 
tlers went to Purrysburgh in December 1732 it is some- 
what strange that the earliest grants should be of a date 
three years later. Whether the lots were assigned but the 
actual grants were not issued until later; or what is more 



likely that the earliest volume of such grants has been lost, 
cannot now be stated with certainty. The earliest volume 
marked 'Township Grants" in the office of the Secretary 
of State is numbered as vol. 41- 1734-1735. This number 
41 does not bear any relation in numbering to the other 
volumes of grants and is only a designation or number 
placed on the volume many years later. The dates of the 
first warrants or orders to survey the land to be granted to 
Purry are 23 Febry and 27 Febry 1732 (1733 new style) 
and as no grants can be found of those datesi it is likely that 
at first warrants were made out to survey and allot the lands 
to the several settlers and the formal grants were issued 

The following list is made up from the volumes in the 
Secretary of States office denominated "Township Grants 
volumes numbered 41 and. 42" 


No : Acres Town Lot 


Peter Charmason 100 

Thomas Newall 400 

Anthony Ageron 200 

Anne Jenneret 250 

Henry Girardin 50 

Pierre Louis Recordon 150 

Andrew Winkler 100 

Henry De Roche 50 

Jacob Winkler 350 

Major James Richard 300 

Joseph Reymond 50 

Alexander La Croix 50 

Jeanne Urbaine Voyer 50 

Benjamin Henriond 200 

Heirs of Uhrich Bache 50 

Jean Delpont 50 

David Gantier 400 

Abraham Marthe 50 

Jean Henry Girardin 250 

Anthoine Thermin 100 

Jonas Spach 50 


4 Deer I 
7 Mch 





Grantee No .Acres Town Lot Date 

Rice Price loo " " 

Benjamin Calis 50 " " 

Joseph Girardin 100 " " 

Jean Baptist Bourquin 300 

Mons' Guiir Bnilott 50 

Abraham Muron 100 17 Mch 1735 

Ann Barbara Frank 100 

David Ecolier 50 

Henry Francois Bourquin 300 

David Geroud 50 

George Minguers Dorff 100 

Augustus Bartoun..... 50 

Gabriel Francois Revout .... 50 

Jean Rudolph Netman 50 " " 

Henry Grovenemberg 200 " " " 

Jean Pierre De Gallin 50 " " 

Joseph Edw* Flower 1 ^ r. „ 

Jemmett Cobley J ^ ^ 

Wallier Cuillatt 50 9 Apl 1736 

Jacob CoUume Dec* 50 17 Mch 1735 

Hector Berenger De Beaufin 800 10 Dec' 1736 

ff >» >> »> _ - -. >» » >» 

>* » » >f 200 *' " " 

Samuel Montague 710 " " 

Capt John Holdzendorf 200 60 

M' John Chivillet 50 59 

Daniel Vernezobre 2000 29 June 1737 

Abraham Elizard 800 " " 

James De Las 300 

John Lewis Poyas 350 13 July " 

Daniel & Francis Mongin.... 650 12 Aug " 

John Fountain ...., 150 6 Oct' 1737 

John Peter Brace 100 

Hector Berenger De Beaufin 800 i June " 

Cor Samuel Montague iioo " " 1738 

Hugh Rose 150 10 April *' 

John Kreeps 150 6 Sept' " 

George Talebach 250 272 16 " " 



I June 
1 6 Dec' 


Grantee No: Acres Town Lot Date 

Gasper Myer 200 312 

John Grabs 50 

Jacob Tanner 300 67 

Francis Buche 100 

Abell Pinnell 150 

Peter Abraham Devision .... 50 

Abraham Pallet 400 

Isaac Coste 150 

Matthew La Pierre 50 

Francis Vemays 50 

John Redolph Netman ...,1 

Adam Gullet J ^^ 

Joseph Banaki 250 

David Buches 350 299 

Andre Albatestier De Men 

Clar 150 

Francis Buech 200 

John Under 450 340 

" 150 

Peter Laffite 150 3 Feby 1737 

Peter Laffite 450 3 Feby 1737 

Mary Masson 50 8 .16 Sep' 1738 

Rodolff Purry 300 10 Apl " 

Charles Purry 56 " " " 

John Chevelis 450 16 Sept' " 

Henry Shaflfele and Sister.... 100 58 & 115 " " 

Andre Verdier 500 '' " 

Andelheith Grob 50 " " 

John Grenier 400 " " 

Elizabeth Grob 50 " " 

Stephen Vigneu 100 3 Feby 1737 

Henry Enderlin 290 16 Sept' 1738 

L^wis Quinch 174 

Levis Michel 50 

Abraham Bonninger 200 186 

Joseph Banaquier 265 

Nicholas Riguer 250 


Grantee No : Acre^ Town Lot Date 

Christopher Brickell 200 193 

Abraham Chardonet 300 

Peter Masson 50 

John Peter Perrottet 100 

John Rodolff Lier 50 

Anna Maria Villcr 300 

John Mog 150 397 

George Schonman Grober 50 

John Henry Mayerhoffer 244 16 Sep' 1738 

Lewis Devill 50 98 

John Wunderlick 200 63 

Jonas Pelow 241 

John Dominick 50 266 

John Baptiste Bourquin 100 

Abraham Malkey (or Mat- 

tey) 200 140 

Henry Gasman 200 182 

Andrew Winkler 50 

Jacob Reck 50 

James Sterchis 250 

Anne Mary Viller lOO 

John James Morr 200 184 

Theobald Kueffer 50 

Henry Bourquin 50 

Anna Inglerine 250 153 

Daniel Choupart 100 210 

John Grenier 400 

Andrew Winkler 50 

Anthony Pallons 200 176 

John Lagayes 231 

Benedict Bourquin 200 208 

Henry Desaussure 300 

Isaac Bonyoe 150 

David Sauce 50 

Anna Eunets Viller 300 

Charles Jacob Pichard 200 16 Sepf 1738 

Daniel Merret 5^ 

John Philip Merret 150 


Grantee No : Acres Town Lot 

David Huquin lOO 

Loudwick Khell lOO 

John Peter Perrotet 87 

David Christians 250 

Matthew Moore 150 

John Labord 348 

Mary Bourquin 100 

Elias Bernard 100 


David Nichols 50 

Capt Peter Laffite 450 

John Bear 50 249 

John Weffs 50 

John Jacob Miller lOO 

Jaques Valours 200 

John Stranblar 300 108 

John Rodolph Pleir 50 246 

Anthony Goliere 50 175 

Major James Richards 400 

Devall KueflFer 450 

David Roberts 300 

David Faucounet 250 

John Legare 100 

John Legare 50 

Jane Lebray Widow ^ 

Twinet Lebray > 300 

Fanshaw Lebray J 

George Herchnecht 50 197 

John Genbretz alias \ 

Michael Gombze J 

Abraham Jindra 50 203 

Daniel Pillet 100 

John Jacob Roch 227 

Robert Williams 1300 

Ludovick Kaill 300 

Gideon Mallett 550 

Mary Henrie 50 

John Labord 50 



4 Mch 
16 Sept' 

99 M 



99 »> 


23 Feby 
16 Sept' 


99 » 


12 Ap' 


II May 


II May 


2 June 


16 Sept' 


»> f> 


>> » 


II May 


16 Sept' 
14 Dec' 




No : Acres Town Lot 


Anthony Jaton 50 

D' John Brabant (in Grant 
also styled D' Daniel 

Brabant) 500 

John Henry Mayorhotser 150 

John Ring 250 

Capt John Frederick Holz- 

cndorf 250 

Peter Sterchy 150 

John Francis Henry 50 

Peter De Pia icx) 

John Francis Vana.y 50 

Vincent Dalescale 50 

Jeremiah Remond 200 

John Lewis Schetfley 450 

Peter Detscher 100 

Joseph Laye 100 

Abraham Donnatt 50 

David Zublier 600 

Daniel Jacob Ortellier 100 

John Henry Derick 50 

John Henry D* Roch 50 

Jacob Metsger 350 

Peter Ditmastre 400 

Henry Dessaure 50 

Henry Duberdosser 100 

David Ginger 300 

Francis Lewis Recorder 100 

Adam Cuillat 250 

Ann Marie Egnia 150 

John Henry Mayorholser 100 

John Michall 46." 

John Labord 150 

Peter Detmestre 200 

George Mingersdorffe 50 

Peter Lutie 50 

John Martin Lasman 250 

Hans Ulrick Isong 50 



14 Dec' 
3 Feby 
16 Sep' 
14 Dec' 



it » 


16 Sep' 

ft l> 



" Aug. 

8 " 
29 Jany 

9 Apl 

1 741 





Grantee No : Acres Town Lot 

Daniel Shipard 50 

Anthony Jaton 50 

Savastian Zouberbukber 100 

John Michall 30 

Henry Mererhotfer 100 

John Michall 22 

Peter Maillier 200 

Isaac Overy 200 

Peter Latfitte 224.** 

George Teleback 250 

Henry Bourquin 100 

Hugh Rose 400 

David Pierre Humber 200 

Hugett Piarsh 50 

Henry Chefeille 450 

Daniel Abraham David 
and Margaret Huguenium 200 

John Rodolph Grand 350 

John Delagaye 250 

John Francis Henry 100 


9 Apl 1743 

24 Aug 

II Nov' 

8 Dec' 1744 
24 May 1745 
II Nov' 1743 

In addition to the foregoing names the following appear 
as owners of lands bounding on the grants made but to 
whom no actual grants were found recorded viz 

M' Sansober 

Pierre Galache 

David Saussy 

Francois Faurc 

Widow Francoise Breton 

Francis Bachelor 

Rev* M' Bugnion 

Leonard Frank 

David Kuiffer 

Abraham Le Roy 

Jean Henry Pierre de Gallier 

Josua Roberts 

Urich Rachie 


Louis Devall 

AUes Voucher 

M' Vanderheyd 

Samuel Augspourger 

John Lx)uis Shifle 

Andrew Gender 

Rev' M' Shiffle 

Godfrey Detrevis 

John Neef 

Capt Dejeau 

David Huginier 

Pierre Malliet 

Lewis Kehl 

Francis Yanam 

Sam : Delane 

Godfrey Detrivirs 

Jacob Stuly 

Anna Ingler 

Ulrich Buch 

Capt John Perry felder 

William Staples 

James Turner 

Peter Janett Vannerheid 

John Jenbuck 

Jacob Jannet 

In the office of the Historical Commission there are sev- 
eral maps relating to Purrysburgh. 

Two are of the Town proper. One of these is a plan 
of the Town, showing the glebe land and the commons as 
reserved and set out immediately contiguous to the Town. 
The other contains more lots : the lots are differently shaped 
in places, and there is no reservation for the glebe and com- 
mons. An examination of the plats annexed to the grants 
of the Town lots develops that these grants were made with 
reference to this last mentioned map, thus evidencing that 
it was the later and final map. Of the other two maps one 
is a map of the Township of 20,000 acres, exhibiting the 
space reserved for the Town proper, and the remainder cut 


up into 50 acre subdivisions. The fourth map is a general 
map, exhibiting the Township of 20,000 acres, and also' the 
entire area within the six mile limit, with the intruding 
grants, and was made in 1735, by Hugh Bryan. 

The Council, in February, 1732 /3, ordered the Surveyor 
General, M' St. John, to admeasure to each family of the 
Swiss settlers one town lot and 50 acres of land, and to lay 
out a glebe and commons. In Sept', 1733, ^^ ^s stated that 
Col. William Bull laid before the Council a plan of the 
township and the reserved land appertaining thereto. For 
his survey and plat he was paid £ 500 currency of the Pro- 
vince. In the statement of the expen3e to which the Pro- 
vince had been put in settling the township this £500 is 
also enumerated, but nothing is mentioned of any amount 
paid to M' St. John for any survey or map. 

It would appear then that the older map of the Town 
and the map of the Township subdivided into 50 acre plots 
were the ones made by Col. Bull, as they both appear to 
be in the same handwriting. Against this supposition is 
that the minutes of the Council meeting state that Col. 
Bull's map showed the "reserved" land appertaining, which 
this map does not; if the word "reserved" was intended to 
apply to the land within the six mile limit, but without the 
Township proper, of 20,000 acres. The later map mentioned 
as the fourth, made in 1735, was evidently the later map 
made by order of Lieut. Governor Broughton, under the 
later instructions he received, and was made by Hugh 

The maps annexed to this article are copies of that map 
of the Town, v^ch appears to be the latest in date, and 
which corresponds to the Grants, and also a reduced copy 
of the Bryan map, of 1735, located on the map of the 
Counties of Beaufort and Hampton, so as to show the posi- 
tion of the Township as originally designed and laid out. 

Of THt 


Of / 

(Continued from the July number.) 


Jan' 4 Catherine Beale, [aged] 72 
Jn* Ainslie 

10 Benj' Williamson 
Elis: (W") Scott 22. 

11 Martha Ferguson 

12 John Murray, M. D. 
Francis Nicolson 
James Miles P W"' 
Tho'HoIman S' And" 
D' Thomas Baker 

Mary Ann (Rich*) Singellton 74 
Ch: Jenkins Edisto 

21 Sam* Cardy: Carpt' 
Feb': Jane (John) Remington 

Jerusha (D' Aaron) Gillet 

Ann (Coll Jn") Bell 

Elizab: (Peter) Delancy W. 
Mar. John Cattell St Andrews 

28 Sarah (Jn*') Mathewes Sen'. 

Algernon Wilson Planter 
April 6 Rev' W" Davies St Marks 

22 Alex' Peronneau 

23 D' Arch' McNeil 
26 Sarah Johnson 84 

Moses Lindo 62 
26 Geo: Mullins of an old [illegible] 
May 17 Jeremiah Theus Limner. 
19 Elis: (Tho Sen') Smith 
23 Rebecca (And'' Sen') Rutledge 
2^ Miss Mary Ford 16 
June 5 Knight Giball Merch' 

Sarah (Rev* Ja') Edmonds. 


Mary (]n') Bush 

Jacob Axon Sen' 


Rev* John Martin Wilton 


Frances (D' Peter) Spence 



Rev* Jn° Dundass S' Johns Col: 



Alex' Michie Merch* 


Jn* Pamham Merch' 


Sarah (Capt Tho') Tucker 


Oliver Dale School M 


Rev* Philip Dobell "1 Ashley 
Rev* Philip Dobell Jun'. J River 




Sarah (Tho') Elliott 
Mary (D' Jno) Wells. "22 
Sarah (James) Graham 24 


James Guerin 


Arthur Peronneau Merch' 


Tho' LamboU 81 


Miss Sally Croft 



Rebecca (Ben) Webb 


Catherine Poinsett' W 

Ledwick Lewis 

David Lynn Shipw' 72 



Mary (Bern*) Elliott 
Hannah (Ichabod) Atwell 



Josiah Bryan 


Hannah (Tho*) Smith 


Rev* Francis Pelot Euhaw 
Lewis Reeve 
Dan' Ravenal 


Solomon Legare 71 
D' Samuel Greville 


David Dott Merch' 
Sarah (W") Creighton 


Charlotte (D') Elder 

(Alex) Chovin 

*Last Tuesday died here, a worthy good Woman — Mrs. Katherine 
Poinsett, Widow of Mr. Elisha Po'insett—S ouih-Carolina Gasette, 
Monday, December 12, 1774. 


Cor Nath: Barnwell 

6 Elis (Chas) Shepheard 

8 Penelepo Brown (Sist to Lowndes) 

M"&Miss (W") Burrows 

Gavin Pou 

1 6 James M' Alpine 8o 

1 8 Providence (Sam Sen') Prioleau 


22 Elis (Isaac) M'Pherson 31 


2 (James) Bentham 

I W" Johnstone Planter 

W" Maine Jun' 

John Forbes 

24 James Simmons 


Lady of Sir Edmond Head 


Marg' Sanders 68 

James Amos 

(Geo) Flagg 


: 20 :W" Mazyck 

Richard Wade 

(John) Dutarque 


Timothy Philips 

Ezekial Branford 60 

26 David Deas 


6 Geo Inglis 

3 Jn'' Remington Not : Pub : 

M" Deboahm 

9 'James Creighton. 

12 (Hopson) Pinckney 

15 John Matthews 
Oct' X Rev** Oliver Reese Wilton 
25 Mary Atwell 72 
Edward Harleston 

Oct' Edw* Simons 

19 Martin Campbell Merch 

20 Jn"* Gamier 89 
Stephen Bull Jun' 
Charles Dewar 

Nov' Isaac Bourdeaux 


(Cor) Moultrie 
(W") Butler 
James Cordes S* John 76 
Dec' 5 WAir 

8 Catherine (Jn"") Gordon 

15 W" Chapman 

Thomas Elfe Cab* Maker 
Michael Thomson, Cooper 
Mary (Tho') Middleton 
Elis: (Tho') Ferguson 
W : 6 : 26 : Hugh Bryan fall from a Horse. 

Jan' D'Jn'Haly 

Elis: (Capt Sam') Wise 
Robert Pringle Ass : Judge 

20 John Peter 
Feb: Jn* Perkins 

Tho' Godfrey 

W" Young (Speaker) Georgia 

21 Francis Beattie 

Roger Pinckney (Prov: Mars:) 
Miss Eleanor Davis, fall of a horse 
April W" Maine 
May Michael Smith Sherif B. D. 

27 Cor Stephen Miller 
June 5 Sam' Singellton 

Sabiner (D') Ramsay 
July 3. Rob* Williams 90 

(Peter) Bounetheau 
Aug* Sarah (D') Fayssoux 

21 Miss EKs : Simmons 
26 Cha" Mathews Cosslet Ass* Judge 
Sep* Martha (Gab) Capers 

Arnout Schermerhorn 
James Rantowle 

16 D' Edward Gunter 
18 Cato Ash Bricklayer 

D' Jn* Cleiland 


Esther (John) Rose 

Col* Jn* Savage S* Mathew's 
26 Catherine (Col*) Motte 
Oct* Sarah Woodbury 

Daniel Crokat 

L* Armstrong 

25 (Hawkins) Martin 

Elis: (James) Caveneau 
Nov' D' Alex' Fotheringham 

Mary Smith (Gooscreek) 86 

Helen Rattray W. 
Dec' Hon: Tho' Lynch at Annopolis 50 

Rowland Rugely 

D' W" Clarkson. 

Jan'' 19 Elis: (Philip) Smith 

Jn' Boone C C. P. 

Mary (Arnout) Schermerhorn 
Feb: 2 W" Elliott 13. 

George Parker Merch* 

Sarah (Tho') Rivers 

Elis (Cha') Harris 

Mary (Job) Milner 
Marc: Arch* Bullock President Geor: 

James Bolton Mer : Ashepoo 

Joseph Young 
* 1 f Peter Simons Planter 
^P^ ID'W- Roberts \ p. , 

March D' Howel Bowen J ^^^^"^^• 

April Rich* Lambton Aud: Gen' 

Arch* Calder 32 
7 L* Cor Sam' Elliott 

George Wood Bookbinder 

Mary (Benj) Smith 
May 8 D' Lionel Chalmers 63 
June Culcheth Gibbes 

Martha Liston 83 

D' James Air 26 


James Peronneau 

Sarah (Benj) Mathewes 
April M" (Jos) Wigfall 
July Benj : Wigfall 

Charlotte (John) Waring 
Aug* II Rev* W" Tennent 

22 Miss Mary Waring 
D' William Keith 
Susannah Vergereau 73 

Sep: 6 (Jn**) Ash 

6 Sir John Colleton 
12 D' James Carson 52 
May Jn** Brewton 

George Eveleigh 
Catherine (Dav*) Burgher 
George Somers 
Jane (John) Prioleau 
Sept* 13 Edmond Cossens 

23 Isaac Goddin 

Oct* Cor Daniel Heyward 

D' Robert Gibb 
Press Smith 

26 (W") Guerin 
W" Carss 

Jane Price 82 

Nov* 8 Capt : Richard Shubrick 27 
14 David Graeme 

Susan" (Josiah) Bonneau 

(Capers) Boone 
W" Stockon Merch* 
Elis: Richardson 73 
22 Mary Rout 

27 Cor Peter Leger 
Dec' Jane (W") Scott 

Sarah (Rich") Baker 
Elis: Tucker 86 
Isaac Rivers 
Thomas Evance. 




Helen (And') Robertson 
Christopher Holson 


Ann Delahoyde W 
Isham Qayton Esq' Orang* 
W" Oiicken Santee 
W" Laurence 


W" Savage Merch* 



W" Elliott Beaufort 
Capt : Tho" Ladson 
Mary (Tho') Wright 


(Dan: Sen') Legare 
Susannah (D') Haig 
Paul Porcher S* Peter 
Helen Trewin 
Cap' Jacob Shubrick 21 
Susannah (Tho*) Watts 



Mary Hayne W 44 
L* Cor W" Cattel 31 
Jn* Benfield Merch* 
W" Boone Jn' Island 



Capt: Ja' Skirving 


Sarah Brown 60 



Paul Townsend 53 

Dan* Heyward Jun' 

Paul Trapier 

Jn" Gordon sometime ago at 



Agnes Scott W 68 


Mary (D' Francis) Marshall 


Elis: Witter 


Ann (Jonathan) Fowler 


W" Withers Goosecreek 


Sam* Bradley Esq' S* Marks 


CorW":Flud Santee 


Tho' Baldwin Carpenter 


Nicolas Langford Bookseller 


W-Fell Planter 


Major Benj : Marion 


Simon Hirons Esq : 



26 Thomas Legare 63 
Aug* 28 W" Ladson Toboodoo 
Oct' 2 Capt Jn'' Armstrong 1 ^ t 
Capt Ja' Lacey J ^ ^^^ 

3 Nathan Broughton Esq' 
Elis : Fidling 88 
Oct* Alex' Adamson 

17 Justinus Stoll 74 
17 Cap: Benj Stone 
Jn* Giles 

Frederick Grimkee 74 
George Parsons 18 
25 L* Cor Bernard Elliott 
31 Mary (Rev* Dan*) Wheeler 60 
Nov' I Sarah Campbell 87 
2 Solomon Legare 
9 Mary (Nath) Far 
II D' Maurice Lee 
K Tuke 

13 Robert Rose 

14 Sarah Stoutenburgh 

16 Jeremiah Trapier D' 
Dec': 4 Mary (James) Wilkie 

Tho' Young Gardiner 

17 Elis: Ash 73 

18 Rev* Ja" Henderson Edisto 
Maj' Adam McDonald S' St: 

31 W" Miller Carpenter. 

Jan^ 21 Helen (Alex') Rantowle 59 

20 Hon : Geo : Gab : Powell 
Feb: 3 Elis: (Jn*) Waring 
20 John Fullerton 

Elis: Martha (Edgar) Wells 
25 Hannah Cox 

James Reid Pow' Rec' 78 
Elis (Tho") Broughton 
Mar 14 Tunes Tebout 


Ann Chudley 74 
Michael Muckenfus 
Elis (James) Oliver 
21 Hon: W" Tucker Saxe Gotha 
April 19 Susannah (Jn') Rose 

21 Miss Mary Pickering 

22 D' Lewis Motet 86 
May 4 Capt: Benj Coachman 

4 Jonathan Cochran 
June Hon : John Drayton 

John Gibbes 
Sarah Randall 

(Capt Jn') Joiner 

17 M" Sarrazin 

20 Cor Owen Roberts ^ Killed 

Maj' Geo: Ancram [?] L at 
Capt' Dogget & Goodwin J Stono 
July James Glover 

Capt: Joseph Hutchins 60 
Sarah (Rev* Rob*) Smith 

Robert Raper 70 

10 Rebecca Wood 91 

12 L* Sam' Guerry 2* Reg* 22 

15 Joseph Verree 43 

16 Elis: Blamyer 51 
16 Esther (Joseph) Bee 
20 Charles Warham 79 
25 D' Dubertas 

Aug* 2 Tho* Middleton Crowfield 

6 Mary (Peter) Edwards 

8 Nathaniel Savineau 63 

1 1 Hon : Tho" Shubrick 76 
Capt : John Bennsee 

18 Rob* Cattell S* Andrews 41 

23 Hext Prioleau 26 
Sep* 4 W" Henry Drayton Hon"* 
Oct': James Parsons Hon***' 

James Ferguson 


Ann (Joseph) Glover 
Augustine Stillman 
John Laughton 
I>avid Gaillard Santcc 

Oct' 9 Maj' Sam' Wise 3* 

Maj' Cha' Motte 2* 

Maj' Jones Aid. G M'Intosh 
g Capt: Cha' Shepheard C. T. F 
j^ Capt W" Donnon Artillery 

Capt Beraud. Gen : W" Sons B. 

Lieut : Wickman 2* Reg* 

^ V Alex' Hume 2* 
j2 L* John Bush 2* 

L* Bailley 3* 

U Georgia 


L* Lewis Desaussure 3* 
U Gaston 3* 

Count Pulaski B. Gen*. 
•S Capt Roux 2* 

§ Capt Alex' Boyce e'"* 
S L' Vlieland 2* 
L^Grey 2* 

L* Bruneau Orangeburg 
^ L' Himmel C T Fusileirs 
•g The Brave Serg* Jasper 
(5 Capt David Dubois Dragoons 




Nov' 12 John Savage 

17 L* Cor Dan' Roberts 3* Georgia 
Mary (Cha') Middleton 
John Dutarque 
26 Felix Warley 
28 Noah Stevenson 

Magdalen Gamier 80 
Dec' Cor Bedeux Pulawskie L. 



1744 Jas Postell Ann Waring S 

1750 April 7 Sam' Brailsford Elis: Holmes S. 

George Godfrey Han* Andrews Sp. February 23* 
Francis Kinloch Ann Cleiland S — 8 

Adam CuUiatt Carp. St. Bart: Mary Campbell S. S* Bar: 

July 16 
David Deas Kenneth Michie W February 13 

Culcheth Gibbes Plant: S' Bart: Jean Butler Widow No- 
vember 7 
Samson Neyle Martha Garden S February 14 

Coir : Henry Hyme Plant : St Bart : Eliza : Qark Sanders 
W : December 25 

John Penny Planter S* Bart: Mary Finley Spin S* Bart: 

April 4** 
Robert Hill Mary Wilson Wid : May 10*' 

David Ferguson Plan : S' Bart Mary Webb Spin : May 26 
Edward Candy S* Pauls Catherine Murphy S S* Bart 

April 27 
Charles Lastly Mary Rattray Spin June 25 

Robert Robarts Elizabeth Garving S. September 6** 

Samuel Sanders C. Town Margaret Brown S S* Bart 

October 26 
James Hamilton Plan. S* Bart: Mary Boggs Spin S* 

Bart. October 28 
James Sharp Esq' Jacksonbourgh Mary Newton S. S* 

Bart. October 31 
William Gibbons Planter Sarah Martin S. November i"* 
John Morgan Planter S' Pauls Purchase Berry W. S* Bart 

November 7 
Gilbert Nash Jean M'Cord S. S' Pauls November 7 

Jacob Turner Planter Mary Nash S. S* Bart December 2* 
Daniel Legare Chas Town Eliza : Peacomb S S* Pauls De- 
cember 6 


Francis Yonge Planter S* Pauls Sarah Clifford S S* Bart. 

December 6 
Joseph Glover to Ann Doughty Sept' 22 1751 

Robert Oswald Plant S* Bart Susannah Fabian W. S* Bar 

February 14 
Jeremiah Miles Plan S* Bart Deborah Webb Spin Feb 26. 
D' John Cockran S* Bart Margaret Anderson W S* Bar. 

April 25 
William Anderson Mary Beatty Spin April 22 

William Mitchell Mary Osborne S June 28 

Silas Kerslake Mary P^mer S* Helen June 28 

Darol Gartman Sarah Dalton Spin S* Bart June 14 

Andrew M*Carley Dorcas Dalton Spin S* Bart August 15 
Benjamin Splatt PI S' Pauls Sarah Eberson Spin S* Bart 

September 27 
William M'Cants S* Pauls Hannah Murphy S October 4" 
Benjamin Andrew Susan : Franklyn Spin October 28 

Joseph Massey S* Bart Hannah Mitchell Spin December i. 
Richard Fitzpatrick Catherine Dunlop S 

William Oswald S' Bart Margaret Liddle Wid : S* Bart 
Edward Fenwick C Town Mary Drayton S C Town Feb' 27 
George Roupell C Town Elizabeth Prioleau C Town 

May 12. 

Joseph Ladson Margaret Wells Spins March 2* 
Jesse Goodwin Sarah Sleigh Spinster March 13 
Hugh Sleigh S* Bart Eliz: Hazleton Spinst: April 28 
Joseph Hext Sarah Harden Spin May 22 
/acob Johnston Sarah Burton Widow May 26 
John Robarts Susan: Jeffrys Spin. May 30 
Thomas Jones Planter S* Bart Mary Gough Widow S* Bart 

Septemb': 12 
Thomas Brown Catherine Boy Spin October 19 
Thomas Stocks Ann Rivers Spinster November 14 
Jonatham Donnom S* Bart Marg* : Dunwoody June 6 

John Harrison Margaret Cox January 8 


Jonathan Westbury S' Bart Sarah Melvin Spin S* Bart 

February 11 
Archibald Stobo Mer: S' Pauls Elizabeth Skirving Sp. S* 

Bart March 27 
David Maybank Christ Church Hannah Splatt Sp S' Pauls 

March 27 
William Reading Margaret Kelly April i" 

Maurice Williams Mary Kerslake Widow May 8 

William Eberson S' Bart Elizabeth Nash Spinst S* Pauls 

May 15 
James Orr S* Bart Jennet Kinloch Spins S* Bart July 15 
Thomas Ford Plant S* Bar Susannah Glaze Spin S* Bar 

August 28 
Owen Bowen Survey S' Bar Mary Heap Spins September 14 
Tho" Lynch Santee Hannah Motte S. C Town March 6 
Alexander Eraser C Town Mary Grimke S C Town 20** 
Peter Manigault C Town Elizabeth Wragg S C Town 

June 8*' 
Christopher Gadsden C Town Mary Hazell S. Dec' 29 

Jn" Elias Hutchinson S* Bart Mary Cochrane W January 20 
Henry Hyme PI: S* Bart Mary Ann Giradeau S S* Bart 

April 8 
Joseph Hunt Hant: S* Bart Rebecca Holman S S* Bart 

April 8 
William Bellinger P : S* Bart Isabella Wellchusen S S* Bart 

April 25 
Henry Mashow Plan S* Bart Susanna Maybank S C Church 

June 20 
Jn* Newbould Carp S* Bart Ann Burgess December 21 

Tobias Ford Planter S* Bart Mary Turner Widow S' Bart 

January 18 
Edward Fowler Mary Ferguson May 28 
James Caveneau S* Bart Mary Booswood May 25 
Samuel Singleton S* Bart Margaret Singleton S June 7 
John Smith Jacksonburg Susannah Davison S July 31 
John Joulee Martha Wells S September 8 

John Brown Martha Fisbume S September 11 


Jacob SoUer Overseer Catherine Miller October 24 

Edward Wright Elizabeth Bosswood S January 18 

Michael Seller Sarah SoUer January 2^ 
Peter Bush S* Bart Ann Bolton Spinst May 23 

Moses Denny Sarah Coats Spins July 9 
Jacob Harman Barbara Beech September 3 
Ephraim Payne Mullins October 10 

Jacob Witsell Bricklayer S* Bart Mary Witter W S' Bart 

March 17 
Tho' Fishburne Mary Armstrong S. June 12 
Darius Dalton Ranter S* Bart Mary Nichols S June 20 
Edward Hext Planter S' Bart Mary Lidde S June 28 
Moses Darquier Jacksonbourg Eliz: Rymer Wid S* Bart 

July 5 
James Oswald Plan' S* Bart' Elizabeth July 3 
John M*Collough S' Bart Ann Harry July 5 
John Beatty S' Bart Elizabeth S' John W S* Bart July 12 
James Glaze Planter S' Bart Hannah Nash S S' Bart 

August 23 
Isaac Newton Planter S* Bart Sarah Martin S S* Bart 

October 25 
Job Milner Mary Bond S April 22 
James Simmons Ann Holmes S D* 

Sebastian Clang Barbara Wizard January 15 
Dennis Mahoney PI S* Bar Susanna Grange S. S* Bar 

March 11 
Valentine Lynn Overseer S* Bar Mary Monroe S March 25 
John Atkin Mary Sanders W April 22 
Abram Woodman Marg*: Witsel W June 15 
Emanuel Geigleman S* Bar Marg* Swadler W. S* Bar 

June 29 
Tho*: Shoemaker D' S* Bart Eliz: Boyce Spin S* Bar 

July 8 
David Hext Planter Rebecca Boggs S July 10 
W" Beatty Ann Broadbelt July 10 


James Reid D' S* Pauls Susan: Mashow W S* Bart 

July 17 
Andrew Maybank C. Church Martha Splatt S S* Pauls 

Aug: 28 
W" Webber Overseer Eliza: Barton Sept: 4 
James Atkin S* Bart Ann Grey S* Bart October 30. 
W" Brown S' Bart Mary Hunt S. S* Bart Dec' 13 
John Strickling Mary Dungworth Dec' 21 
Benj Smith C Town Mary Wragg S C Town Oct' 2 
Peter Leger C Town Eliza Mary Haig Congaree Nov' 16 

Peter Luther S' Bar Ann Robinson S Feb'' 8 
Moses Hunscomb Mary Brown S June 2 
Frederick Witsel S' Bar Marg' Didcot W June 4 
Eli ja : Harty S* Bart Mary Ann Timmons June 25 
John Rivers Mary Holman July 23 
Geo: Matthouse al: Walthour Mary Seabrook July 25 
Jacob Ulmer Ursula Counts July 25 
Anthony Hyatt PI: S' Bart Mary Roberts Sp. S* Bart 

Nov' 22 
W" Pinckney Planter S* Bart Deborah Miles W. S* Bar 

Nov' 26 
Tho" Spencer Planter S* Bart Mary Butler Dec' 17 
Valentine Lynn Overseer S* Bart Elizabeth White Dec. 

William Raven C T Henrietta Smith S. C T June 7 
Andrew Robertson C T Helen Crawford S. C T June 16 
James Laurens C T Mary Crawford. W C T. Aug* 19 
Adam Daniel S* George Ann Blake S S* Geo. Nov' 5 
John Izard S* George Isabella Hume S C T Dec' 7 
Thomas Bee C T Susannah Holmes S C T May 5. 
Robert Herriott C T Mary Oldfield S Geo Town Nov' 5 

John Timmons Maria Wells January 19 
Hugh Swinton Mer C Town Susan: Splatt S. S* Pauls 

Feb: 6 
Francis Beatty Carp: S* Bart Ann Fishbume W S* Bart 

Feb: 20 


W" Spoon Mary Houser S Feb: lo 

John Packrow Cabinet : C Town Jane Singleton W S* Bart 

Mar 4 
Sam' Chaddock Ann Lewis S. Mar 7. 
Thomas Hobnan S* Bart Mary Holman S* Bar March 1 1 
Arthur Perronneau C Town Mary Hutson S. C Town 

June la 
John Moultrie M. D. C T Eleanor Austin S. C T Jan^ 5. 
John Beale C T Mary Ross S C T. March 18 
Daniel Blake C T Elizabeth Izard S. C T March 21 
Isaac Huger C T. Elizabeth Chalmers S. C T March 23. 
Joshua Ward C T Sarah M'Call S. C T. April 22 
Rev* Richard Qarke London Susannah Crokat W. London 

Feb. 17. 

{To be continued in the next number of this magainne.) 



OF SOUTH CAROLINA, 1692-1700. 

By A. S. Salley, Jr. 
{Continued from the July number.) 

Will of Richard Butler, made September 12, 1696, gave 
grandson, Richard Hickman, a negro girl, Tamer; gave 
granddaughter, Mary Hickman, a young negro woman 
when she should reach the age of 6 years; gave son, John 
Butler, maintenance out of the produce of the stock and 
plantation, without sale of land or negroes, as he had had 
in testator's lifetime, so long as testator's widow. Cicely 
Butler, should survive ; gave whole estate into the possession 
of his said wife until her death, appointing her sole 
executrix, and at her death to he held by his son and the 
heirs thereof forever, but in case of the death of said son 
the estate was to go to the children of his daughter, Mary 
Hickman ; appointed Major Robert Daniell guardian to his 
wife and son. Witnesses: Timothy Bewell, John Butler, 
Thomas Fry, Thomas Fitzgerald, Leon Hickman. (Page 

August 23, 1697, Thomas Booth, Findla Marten and John 
Wells appeared before James Risbee and proved the in- 
ventory and appraisement which they had made, in ac- 
cordance with Governor Blake's warrant of June 16, 1697, 
of such estate of Robert Adams as has been shown to them 
by Samuel Williamson and Richard Tradd, administrators. 
(Page 303) 

March 29, 1697, Thomas Cary, Receiver, acknowledged 
receipt of £6. 8s. from William Norman, Jr., in payment 
for 320 acres of land. (Page 303.) 

June 16, 1697, Thomas Cary receipted to John Stevens 
for £20. foT 1000 acres on Ashley River. (Page 303.) 


September 24, 1697, he receipted to William Oswell for 
f I. i6s. for 90 acres. (Page 303.) 

December 15, 1693, Benjamin Hirst, of Charles Town, 
Berkeley County, planter, executed ' his bond to "Robert 
Adams of Charles Town aforesd. Practitioner of Phisick" 
conditioned for the payment of £150. sterling. Witnesses: 
Roger Axson, Richard Cartwright and Ralph Marshall. 
(Page 304.) 

September 9, 1697, Thomas Cary, Receiver, receipted to 
Nicholas Bochett for £3. currency for 150 acres in Berke- 
ley County. (Page 304.) 

June 8, 1697, he receipted to Peter Cooly for £6. for 300 
acres on Cooper River. (Page 304.) 

February 9, 1697, he receipted to James Lesad for £2. for 
100 acres cm Ashley River. (Page 304.) 

July 20, 1697, Governor Blake directed William Dry to 
administer on the estate of Robert Rhimer, "Dead on board 
the brigateen Carolina," and on August i, 1697, he directed 
Samuel Hartley, Alexander Parris, George Logan, George 
Smith and Charles Basden to appraise and make an inven- 
tory of the said estate. (Page 305.) 

September 28, 1697, George Logan, Alexander Parris 
and Charles Basden, by virtue of a warrant from Governor 
Blake, dated September 28, 1697, proved before Thomas 
Cary, an inventory and appraisement which they had made 
of the estate of Robert Rhimer; the inventory consisting of 
cash monies received from Capt. Richard Norramore, 
Hugh Hale and Thomas Palmer. (Page 306.) 

July 24, 1697, Thomas Dalton drew on Wm. Godman & 
Comp., merchants in Barbadoes, in favor of Mrs. Sarah 
Rhett for £110. Mrs. Rhett endorsed it over to Alexander 
Parris, who endorsed it over to Jacob Francks. (Page 


September 2^, 1697, Dalton gave Mrs. Rhett another bill 
of exchange on the same firm for £100. and Mrs. Rhett 
likewise endorsed this over to Alexander Parris. Jonathan 
Fitch made an affidavit before Robert Gibbes that he had 
heard Mrs. Rhett acknowledge receipt of the bills. (Pages 


April I, 1697, Thomas Cary, Receiver, acknowledged 
receipt of f i. 8. from John Ashby for 70 acres of land. 
The same day he acknowledged receipt of £8. 8. for 420 
acres. April 19th, he acknowledged receipt of purchase 
money for 200 acres bought by Mrs. Ann King. May 
15th, he acknowledged receipt of £41. 12s. from John Sea- 
brook for 2080 acres. The same day he acknowledged 
receipt of £54. from Robert Seabrook for 2700 acres in 
Colleton County. July i6th, he acknowledged receipt of 
40S. from Robert Seabrook for 100 acres. November 14th, 
he acknowledged receipt of £4. from John Freer for 200 
acres on Wadmalaw. (Page 307.) 

July 6, 1696, James Moore, Receiver, acknowledged re- 
ceipt of £20. from Capt. Eldmund Bellinger for 1000 upon 
the east side of Wando River. (Page 307.) 

April 28, 1697, Thomas Cary, Receiver, acknowledged 
receipt of £3. from Thomas Akins for 150 acres. Septem- 
ber 24th, he acknowledged receipt of £3. from Capt. Job 
Howes for 150 acres. July 28th, he acknowledged receipt 
of £26. from Major Thomas Broughton for 1320 acres on 
Cooper River and at Seewee. November 27th, he acknowl- 
edged receipt of £19. 4s. from William Dry for 960 acres. 
August 31st, he acknowledged receipt of £4. from George 
Smith, carpenter, for 200 acres in Berkeley County. (Page 


August 13, 1697, (jeorge Paull acknowledged having 
borrowed £64. 19s. 4d. from James Risbee and promised 
to repay the same to his order in Jamaica or elsewhere when 
demanded. Witnesses: James Conyers, Charles FoUett, 
George Smith and Joseph Allison. Proved before Wm. 
Smith by George Smith, December 10, 1697. (Page 308.) 

August 10, 1697, Thomas Cary, Receiver, acknowledged 
receipt of purchase money from Thomas Drayton for 100 
acres. (Page 309.) 

November 4, 1697, Edith Beresford, Capt. Job Howes 
and Ralph Izard executed their bond to Governor Blake for 
Mrs. Beresford's faithful performance of her trust as ad- 
ministratrix of the estate of John Beresford, late of Caro- 
lina, deceased. (Page 309.) 


September 23, 1697, Thomas Gary, Receiver, acknowl- 
edged receipt of fii. from Thomas Elliott for 550 acres. 
(Page 310.) 

Will of Joseph Barker, of the island of New Providence, 
merchant, about to take a voyage to New England, made 
October 5, 1691, gave wife, Hannah Barker, all of his 
estate in goods, chattels, negroes, lands, houses, leases, 
debts, plate, money, household stuffs, &c., and appointed 
her sole heiress and executrix; requested his friend, Capt. 
Richard Holloway, to act as assistant to the executrix, 
directing his executrix to pay him £5. Witnesses: Cad- 
wallader Jones, Gilbert Ashly, Thomas Bulkley. (Page 

December 22, 1697, Thomas Gary, Receiver, acknowl- 
edged receipt of £2, 8s. from Hugh Fling for 120 acres 
on "Gooper Riuer". November 30th. he acknowledged re- 
ceipt of £3. from James LaRoche for 150 acres. January 
31, 1697-8, he acknowledged 20s. from Mr. Branford for 
50 acres on Ashley River. (Page 310.) 

January 12, 1697, George Smith, merchant and "Dor- 
ithy,'''his wife, of Charles Town, released and forever quit 
claim "unto James Risbee late of Jamaica but now of the 
Town & Province aforesd. Esqr. (one of the Executors of 
the late will & testament of John Archer Planter, late of 
the Parish of St Thomas in the Vale in the Island aforesd. 
Deceased) " ♦ ♦ * "from the full & Just Sum of One thousand 
Thirty & two pounds Chie Shilling Gurrant money of Ja- 
maica being in full of all Legacies, Gifts Bequests sum & 
sums, of money & Demands wtsour bequeathed & giuen 
unto my sd. Wife Dorithy by the last will & Testament of 
the sd. John Archer." Witnesses : George Stanton, Thomas 
Smith and John Buckly. Proved before Thomas Gary, 
January 13, 1697-8. (Page 311.) 

November 10, 1697, Thomas Gary, Receiver, acknowl- 
edged receipt of £4. from John Morton for 200 acres on 
'TLitten waw Greeke in Golliton Gounty." The same day he 
acknowledged £9. 4s. from Francis Gratia for 460 acres on 
Wando River. (Page 311.) 

February 28, 1697-8, Mary Basden, Edward Rawlings 


and William Bayly executed a bond to Governor Blake 
for Mrs. Basden's faithful execution of her trust as ad- 
ministratrix of the estate of Capt. Charles Basden. (Page 
313. Page 312 contains a blank bond.) 

June 3, 1697, Thomas Cary, Receiver, acknowledged re- 
ceipt of £8. I2s. from William Whippe for 430 acres of 
land on Edisto Island. (Page 314.) 

February 18, 1697-8, Thomas Cary, Receiver, acknowl- 
edged receipt of £2. from William Peters for 100 acres on 
South Edisto. (Page 314.) 

Will of Benjamin Willdy, "of Lx)ndon Norwich ffac- 
tor", made December 11, 1694, gave sister, Martha Wood, 
wife of Edward Wood, £50, but in case of her death it was 
to go to his mother, Martha Doggatt; gave sister, Mary 
Manwarring, wife of Thomas Manwarring, £50., but in case 
of her death the bequest was to go to her daughters, Mary 
and Martha Manwarring; gave brother, Robert Cranstone, 
£10.; gave sister, Elizabeth Willdy, wife of Joseph Willdy, 
£10.; appointed mother, Martha Doggatt, executrix. Wit- 
nesses : Edward Wood, Sarah Brunton, Isaac Miller. Sworn 
by Jacobus Puckly, Notary Public. Recorded February 11, 
1698. (Page 314.) 

January 17, 1695-6, Governor Archdale cited all persons 
to show cause, if any, why letters of administraticMi on the 
estate of James Dugue should not be issued to John Lebert, 
of Charles Town, merchant. The same day Mariane Dugue 
declared that she knew no reason why the desired letters 
should not be issued. Witness: Charles Odingsdls. (Page 


October 18, 1695, William Chapman, William Bouinton 
and Nicholas Marden made an inventory and appraisement 
of the goods oi Richard Capers shown to them by Mrs. 
Mary Capers, widow, and proved the same before William 
Hawett, October 21, 1695. (Page 316.) 

March 10, 1695-6, Margaret Morgan, Philip Buckley and 
Charles King executed their bond to Governor Archdale 
for Mrs. Morgan's faithful execution of her trust as ad- 
ministratrix of the estate of John Morgan. Witness: 
Charles Odingsells. (Page 317.) 


March lO, 1695-6, Governor Archdale directed Marga- 
ret Morgan, wife of John Morgan, deceased, to administer 
on his estate, at the same time directing Major Robert 
Daniell, John Rensford, John Pagett, David Snarby, John 
Bird and Pat. Steward to appraise and make an inventory 
of the same. Recorded by Charles Odingsells, Deputy 
Secretary, March 10, 1695-6. (Page 318.) 

October 30, 1699, Mary Esther Page, Abraham Lesueur 
and James Dubosc executed their bond to Governor Blake 
for Mary Esther Page's faithful execution oi her trust as 
administratrix of the estate of Esther Page, deceased. Wit- 
ness: Robert Davis. (Page 319.) 

December 4, 1699, Lydia Young, John Buckley and George 
Logan executed their bond to Governor Blake for Lydia 
Young's faithful execution of her trust as administratrix 
of the estate of Joseph Ward. Witness : Henry Wigington. 
(Page 321. Page 320 is blank.) 

December 4, 1699, Governor Blake directed a warrant of 
appraisement of the estate of Joseph Ward to Edward 
Loughton, David Maybank, George Bedon, Sr., Francis 
Fidling and William Nowell, at the same time granting 
Lydia Young letters of administration on the said estate. 
(Page 322.) 

December 4, 1699, Purchase Spry, Joseph Boone and 
Soloman Legare executed their bond to Governor Blake for 
Purchase Spry's faithful performance of her trust as ad- 
ministratrix of the estate of Henry Spry. Witness : Henry 
Wigington. (Page 323.) 

The same day Governor Blake directed a warrant of ap- 
praisement of the said estate to John Buckley, Anthony 
Shoty, Edward Loughton, John Jones and David Ferguson, 
and granted letters of administration to Purchase Spry. 
(Page 324.) 

December 11, 1699, Martha Nombre, Elisha Prioleau and 
Elias Bissett executed their bond to Governor Blake for 
Mrs. Nombre's faithful execution of her trust as admin- 
istratrix of the estate of Jermain Cotteneau. Witness: 
Henry Wigington. (Pages 324-325.) 

The same day Governor Blake issued a warrant of ap- 


praisement for the said estate to Abraham LeSuer, Peter 
LeChevalier, Abraham EhiPont, James DuBose and 
John Valvot, and granted letters of administraticm to 
Martha Nombre. (Page 325.) 

December 15, 1699, William Russell, John Vander Horst 
and Benjamin LamboU executed their bond to Governor 
Blake for Russell's faithful performance of his trust as ad- 
ministrator of the estate of Elizabeth Collins. Witness: 
Henry Wigington, D. S. (Pages 325-326.) 

The same day Governor Blake directed a warrant of ap- 
praisement of the said estate to Findla Marten, Richard 
Tradd, John Jones, David Ferguson and George Bedon, 
and granted letters of administration to William Russell. 
(Page 326.) 

December 18, 1699, Mary Ann Pepin, Peter LeChevallier 
and Elisha Prioleau executed their bond to Governor Blake 
for Mrs. Pepin's faithful performance of her trust as ad- 
ministratrix of the estate of Paul Pepin. Witness: Henry 
Wigington. (Pages 226 and 329.) 

October 25, 1699, Abram LeSuer and James Dubosc 
executed a bond to Governor Blake for LeSuer's faithful 
performance of his trust as administrator of the estate of 
Sarah Poinsett. Witness : Robert Davis. The warrant of 
appraisement was directed to James DuBose, Daniel Durou- 
seaux. ( Page 327. ) 

October 30, 1699, Florant Phileipp Troulear, Peter Le^ 
Chevallier and John Guerard executed their bond to Gov- 
ernor Blake for Troulear's faithful performance of his 
trust as administrator of the estate of Peter LaSalle. Wit- 
ness: Robert Davis. (Page 328.) 

December 18, 1699, Governor Blake directed a warrant 
of appraisement of the estate of Paul Pepin to Peter Mani- 
gault, Abr: DuPons, Abr: LeSuer, John Guerard and 
Nicholas Longemare, and granted letters oi administration 
to Mary Ann Pepin. (Page 329.) 

December 20, 1699, Anthony Poitevin, Lewis Pasque- 
reau and James DuBose executed a bond to Governor Blake 
for Poitevin's faithful performance of his trust as adminis- 


trator of James DeBordeaux. Witness: Henry Wigington. 
(Page 330.) 

The same day Governor Blake issued a warrant of ap- 
praisement of the estate of James DeBordeaux to James Le- 
Serurier, Henry LeNcble, Peter de St. Julien and Nicholas 
de Longnemare, and granted letters of administration to 
Anthony Poitevin, reciting that DeBordeaux had made a 
will in writing, appointing Jean Francis Gignilliat and 
Peter LaSalle, executors, but that both had died before 
qualifying as executors. Witness : Henry Wigington, Dep. 
Sec. (Page 330.) 

January 22, 1699- 1700, Sarah Rhett, Ralph Izard and 
James Stanyame executed a bcmd to Governor Blake for 
Mrs. Rhett's faithful performance of her trust as adminis- 
tratrix of the estate of Jonathan Amory. (Page 331.) 

January 15, 1699-1700, Elizabeth Bellinger, Capt. Ed- 
mund Bdlinger and George Atwood executed their bond 
to Governor Blake for Elizabeth Bellinger's faithful per- 
formance of her trust as administratrix of the estate of 
John Bellinger. Witness: Henry Wigington. (Page 332.) 

February 22, 1699- 1700, Elizabeth Dry and George Lo- 
gan executed a bond to Governor Blake for Mrs. Dry's 
faithful performance of her trust as administratrix of 
the estate of William Dry. Witness: Henry Wigington. 
(Page 333.) 

February 23, 1699- 1700, Mary MuUins, Robert Fenwicke 
and Solomon Legare executed their botid to "honourable 
Joseph Blake Esq; proprietor and Governour" for Mrs. 
MuUins's faithful performance of her trust as administra- 
trix for Philip Mullins. (Page 334.) 

The same day Governor Blake granted letters of adminis- 
tration on the above estate to Mary Mullins, widow, and 
directed a warrant of appraisement to John Barksdale, Capt. 
Humphrey Primatt, Henry Gill, William White and 
Thomas Fry. (Page 335.) 

March 14, 1699-1700, Elizabeth Ely, Edmund Bellinger 
and George Franklin executed a bond to Governor Blake 
for Mrs. Ely's faithful performance of her trust of ad- 


ministratrix of John Ely. Witness: Henry Wigington. 
(Pa&e 335.) 

March 22, 1699- 1700, John Fripp, Thomas Bower and 
William Fry executed their bond to Governor Blake for 
Fripp's faithful performance of his trust of administrator 
of the estate of Richard Frampton. Witness: Henry Wig- 
ington. (Page 336.) 

June 16, 1697, Governor Blake appointed as administra- 
tors and executors of the estate of Robert Adams, Samuel 
Williamson and Richard Tradd. (Page 337.) 

The same day the above named executors of the last will 
and testament of Robert Adams took an oath before James 
Moore to return a full, true and perfect inventory of the 
said estate. (Page 337. See also 294 ante,) 

The same day Governor Blake directed Findla Marten, 
Wm. Chapman, Thomas Booth, John Wells and Thomas 
Holton to appraise and make an inventory of the above 
estate. (Page 337.) 

June 17, 1697, Margaret Lanericks, Arthour Dicks and 
"ffindla Martin" executed a bond to Governor Blake for 
Mrs. Lanericks's faithful administratioti of the estate of 
Robert Lanericks. Witness: Wm. Dry. (Page 338.) 

(To be continued in the next number of this magogine.) 


(Contributed by Henry A. M. Smith.) 

Col. William Washington, the noted cavalry commander 
in the American army during the Revolutionary War with 
Great Britain, died i6th March, 1810, at Sandy Hill planta- 
tion, in St. Paul's Parish, South Carolina. Towards the 
end of the war, in 1782, he married Miss Jane Riley Elliott, 
who acquired the Sandy Hill plantation under the will of 
her father, Charles Elliott, of Sandy Hill, who died in 1781. 
Col. Washington, after his marriage, became a planter in 
St. Paul's Parish, and made his home at Sandy Hill, where 
it was that he entertained his kinsman, George Washington, 
then President of the United States, on his jotimey from 
Charleston to Savannah in May, 1791. 

Col. Washington was buried at the old Elliott private 
cemetery, in St. Paul's Parish, situated but a comparatively 
short distance from the scene of his first conflict with the 
British cavalry, under Lieut. Col. Banastre Tarleton, in 
March, 1780, when a sharp cavalry encounter took place 
between the two commands, near the bridge over Rantowle's 

The cemetery is not upon the Sandy Hill plantation. It 
IS about seven miles distant from that plantation upon 
another plantation, which his wife acquired from her 
father, known as "Live Oak." The cemetery is about 10 
miles from Charleston, on the road to Savannah. 

Immediately after crossing the public bridge over Ran- 
towle's Creek, going toward the south, and before reaching 
the turn of the road where it divides, the road to the left 
going to the bridge over Wallace's Credc, another read to 
the right going to Parker's Ferry, the cemetery can be seen 
to the right of the road in a field, and about a quarter of a 
mile from the road. It is enclosed with a low brick wall 
enclosing an area of about 30 or 40 feet square. 

The widow of Col. Washington survived him for 20 


years, and died 14th December, 1830, and was also interred 
in the private cemetery. 

The following gravestones were still in existence in this 
cemetery in March, 1899: 

Here lies the Body 
of Sarah Stanyame 

wife of 

Archibald Stanyarne 

who died 27** of October 

1767 Aged 25 years 

Sacred to the Memory 


Mary Rowand 

Wife of Robert Rowand 

who departed this life April 3* 

1802 aged 67 years 

also of 

Henrietta Sommers Rowand 

& Robert Rowand children of 

Charles Elliott & Henrietta Rowand 

the former born Oct' 16" 1797 

& died Sept' 23* 1799 

the latter born April 10** 1801 

& died July 24'* 1801 

This frail memorial of Respect & 

Affection was erected by her son 

Charles Elliott Rowand 


our Parents 

William and Martha 


Died in Charleston A. D. 1830 

My Parents Dear Lie Here 
J. A. 


In Memory 


John Williamson 

Cp* of Ordnance United States Army 

who died the 23* day of Dec' 1849 

aged 43 years and 8 months 

This stone is erected by his Wife 

who with Four Children survive 

to mourn their loss. 


to the memory of 

William Washington 

who departed this life 

August 20*** 1849 

Aged 39 years 

and 5 months 


to the memory oi 


infant Son of 

William & Theodosia Narcissa 


who departed this life 

on the 21" of August 1845. 

Col. William Washington left two children, a son, Wil- 
liam, who died in 1830, and a daughter, Jane, who married 
James Hasell Ancrum. 

The family information is that the stone slab marked 
simply "My Parents Dear Lie Here," with the initials be- 
low, "J. A.", was placed by Mrs. Ancrum to mark the spot 
where her parents were interred. 


THE POWDER MAGAZINE. — The following reference to the 
old powder magazine on lot 180 of the original plan of 
Charles Town is from the journal of His Majestiy's Coun- 
cil for South Carolina, sitting as the upper house of the 
General Assembly of the Province, of Thursday, Febru- 
ary 26, 1740^41: 

Read the Petition of Ralph Izard, Nathaniel Broughton and Paul 
Mazyck, Esq', setting forth that the Public had Built a Magazine on 
their Lott (180) by w**: Means the said Lott and four others Adjoin- 
ing thereto belonging to them were Intirely Renderd useless, and 
therefore, praying that they may be Relievd in the Premises and 
Refferd the same to the Commons House. 


which has been contributed by Mr. E. Lowndes Rhett, of 
New York, is of interest as fixing the exact date of the mar- 
riage of Col. William Rhett, an account of whose descend- 
ants will be found in volume four, 1903, of this magazine. 

Netteswell Rectory 

Harlow, Essex 

Mar 2. 1909. 
I certify that in the old Register of this Parish, now in 
my charge, I find the following under the heading — "the 
Register follows for the year 1692." 

"William Rhitt [the i may be an e] & Sarah Cooke, both 
of Buontwood [as well as I can make out the word] in the 
County of Essex, were marry 'd the first day of September." 
The entries are signed: 

"Henry Sanders, Rector 

"William Laybank, church warden." 

Chas. J. Ward, B. D., 

Rector of Netteswell. 
"Buontwood" is plainly Brentwood, in Essex, England. 


Abacoa, 76. 

Abbeville District, 174. 

Actaeon, The, 115. 

AcHve, The. 51. 

Adams, Gov., 108. 

Adams, Mr., 135. 

Adams, Robert, 142, 236. 237, 244. 

Adam's Run, 28. 

Adamson, Alexander, 227. 

Ageron, Anthony, 211. 

Aiken, S. C, 180. 

Ainslie, Lady Ann, 157. 

Ainslie, John, 220. 

Air, Dr. Tames, 224. 

Air. William, 223. 

Akins, Thomas, 238. 

Albemarle, 35. 

Alderson, Simon, 123. 

Aldrich, James, 2. 

Alexander, John, 14, 84, 86. 

Alexander, Joseph, 120. 

Alexander, Samuel, 121. 

Alison, Lock wood, 178. 

Alison, Regina, 175. 

All Saints, Waccamaw, 181. 

AUan, Thomas, 128-129. 

Allen, Capt. Jacob, 138. 

Allen, John, 120. 

Allen, Priscilla, 15. 

Allen, William, 15. 

Alliance, The, 134. 

Allison, Rev. Hector, 164. 

Allison, Joseph, 89, 238. 

Almon, Augustine, 122. 

AUston, Adele, 183. 

Allston, Ann R, 181. 

AUston, Benjamin, Sr., 181, 183. 

Allston, Benjamin, Jr., 182 (3), 183. 

Allston, Charlotte Ann, 182 (2), 183. 

Allston, Charlotte Frances, 183. 

Allston, John, 181. 

Allston, Joseph W., IS2. 

Allston, Mary C, 181. 

Allston, Mrs. Charlotte Mary, 182, 183. 

Allston, Mary Charlotte, 183. 

Allston, R. F. W., 183. 

Allston, Robert, 183. 

Allston, Sabina, 182. 

Allston, William, 182. 184. 

Allston, William, Jr., 181. 

Allston, William Washington, 182. 

Allston Burying-ground at Turkey Hill, 

Alston, Mrs. Elizabeth, 86. 
Alston, John, 86, 139. 
Amelia Township, 59. 
America, 3, 4, 5, 54. 
American Locomotive Works, 71. 
American Navy, 81. 
American Revolution, 129, 130, 245. 
Amory, Mr., 15. 
Amory, Ann, 89, 90. 
Amory, Jonathan, 11, 14, 89, 136, 141, 

Amory, John, 166 (2). 
Amory, Mary, 166. 
Amory, Mrs. Martha, 89. 
Amory, Robert, 89. 
Amory, Sarah, 89. 
Amory, Thomas, 89. 
Amos, James, 222. 
Amsterdam, 133. 
Anabaptist Church, 191. 
Ancrum, Maj. George, 228. 
Ancrum, James Hasell, 247. 
Anderson, Capt. Alexander, 162. 
Anderson, Hugh, 143. 
Anderson, Mrs. Margaret, 231. 
Anderson, Gen. R. H., 72. 
Anderson, William, 231. 
Andrew. Benjamin, 231. 
Annapolis, 224. 
Antigua, 164. 

Apalatchee Indians, 26, 41. 
Arbuthnot, Admiral, 114-115. 
Archdale, Governor, 87, 88, 137, 139, 240. 
Archer, John, 239. 
Armitage, Shubart, 119. 
Arms, 8. 

Armstrong, Brigadier, 51. 
Armstrong, Lieut., 224. 
Armstrong, Capt. John, 227. 
Armstrong, Mary, 233. 
Ash, General, 207. 
Ash, Cato. 223. 
Ash, Elizabeth, 227. 
Ash, Mrs. John, 225. 
Ash, Richard Cochrane, 158. 
Ashburn, Joseph, 119. 
Ash by, Benjamin, 118. 
Ashby, John, 238. 
Ashe, John, 26. 



Ashe, Samuel A'Court, 33, 37. 

Ashepoo, 158, 169. 224. 

Ashley, Gilbert, 12, 84, 85, 86, 87, 239. 

Ashley-Ferry, 126. 

Ashley River, 20, 22, 34, 125, 158, 159, 

186, 236, 237, 239. 
Ashton, John, 123. 
Aspenell. Peter, 122. 
Aspin, George, 123. 
Atkin, Edmond, 161. 
Atkin, John, 233. 
Atkins, James, 146, 234. 
Atkins, Sarah. 146, 147. 
Atkins, William. 146. 
Atlantic Coast Line railroad, 30. 
Atwell, Hannah. 221. 
Atwell, Ichabod, 221. 
Atwell, Mary, 222. 
Atwood, George, 243. 
Audebert, Moses, 162. 
Augspourger, Samuel, 218. 
Augusta, Ga.. 41, 180. 
Austen, Daniel, 123. 
Austin, Mrs. Ann. 162. 
Austin, Eleanor, 235. 
Austin, George, 162. 
Austin, Mary, 158. 
Avoe, Daniel, 139. 
Axson, Roger, 237. 
Axtell, Lady. 
Axtell, Landgrave, 24. 
Axtell, Rebecca, 140. 
Axon, William, 31. 

Bac, Ulric, 209. 

Bache, Uhrich (Heirs of), 211. 

Bachelois, Francois, 209. 

Bachelois, Francois (the younger), 209. 

Bachelois, Batiste, 209. 

Bachelois, Madeleine, 209. 

Bachelois, Marie, 209. 

Bachelor, Francis, 217. 

Bacot, Elizabeth, 146. 

Bacot, Peter, 146. 

Bacot, Thomas, 146. 

Bailey, Lieut., 229. 

Bailey, Mrs. Annie Manson, 180. 

Bailey, Ephraim C, 179. 

Bailey, Henry, 177. 

Bailey, Mary, 176. 

Bailey, Mary Ellen. 180. 

Bailey, Susan J., 177. 

Bailey, William, 137, 240. 

Bahama Bank, 76. 

Baker, Elizabeth, 90, 166. 

Baker, Joseph, 56. 

Baker, Richard, 90, 158, 225. 

Baker, Richard Bohun, 166. 

Baker, Sarah. 225. 

Baker, Dr. Thomas, 220. 

Baker, William, 159. 

Baldwin, Thomas, 226. 

Ball, Mr., 117. 

Ball, Ann, 147, 

Ball. Elias, 147. 

Ball, Helen, 147. 

Ball, John, 162, - 

Ball. Joseph, 160. 

Ball, Thomas, 123. 

Ballard, William, 86. 

Ballingall, Robert, 145. 

Bampfield, William. 169. 

Banaki, Joseph, 213. 

Banaquier, Joseph, 213. 

Bancroft, Dr. Edward, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97. 

Band, Mary, 233. 

Banister, Lucinda, 178. 

Banval, Mary, 90. 

Baptist, John. 122. 

Barbadocs, 143. 196, 237. 

Barker, Hannah, 239. 

Barker, Joseph, 239. 

Barker, Sarah, 17. 

Barker, Susannah, 139. 

Barker, Thomas, 11. 16, 17, 86. 

Barkinson, Nich., 123. 

Barksdale, John, 88. 243. 

Barnwell, Elizabeth, 153, 163. 

Barnwell, John, 163. 

Barnwell, Col. John, 33, 34, 35, 37, 39, 40. 

42, 43, 46. 
Barnwell, Joseph W.. 2. 33. 
Barnwell. Nathaniel, 153, 222. 
Barnwell District, 179. 
Baron, Christian, 148. 
Baron, Jane, 148. 
Baron, Rev. Robert, 148. 
Barrera, Don Diego, 79. 
Bartlett. James, 120. 
Bartlett, Thomas, 122. 
Barton, Elizabeth, 234. 
Barton, John, 10. 
Barton, Mary, 10. 
Bartoun, Augustus, 212. 
Bartram, Joseph, 118. 
Basden, Charles, 11, 13, 86, 87, 85. 143. 

237, 240. 
Basden, Mary, 239, 240. 
Basnet, John, 161. 
Bassett, John, 31. 
Bassett, Zach., 119, 
Bastile, The, 96. 
Batt, James, 10. 
Batteries, 51. 
Battery Wagner. 72. 
Baudoin, George, 87. 
Bayley, William. 16. 240. 
Baynard, Mary E., 179. 
Baynard, William G., 176. 
Beaby, Ichabod, 121. 



Beale, Catherine, 220. 

Bcale. John, 167, 235. 

Beale, Mary, 167. 

Beale, Othnel, 169. 

Beam, Mr., 64. 

Beamer, James, 11. 

Beamer, John, 137. 

Bear, John, 215. 

Beatteson, David, 13. 

Beanie, Francis, 223, 234. 

Beatty, John, 233. 

Beatty, Mary, 231. 

Beatty, William, 233. 

Beaufain, Hector Berensrer de, 163, 205^ 

206, 21Z 
Beaufort, 159, 160, 207, 226. 
Beaufort District, 126. 
Beck, Francis, 122. 
Beckett, Theodore A, 179. 
Beckman, Mrs. Bernard, 165. 
Bedeux, Col, 229. 

Bedon, George, 16, 83, 87, 165, 241, 242. 
Bedon, Stephen, 159. 
Bee, Esther, 228. 
Bee, John, 153, 155. 157. 
Bee. Col. John, 160. 
Bee, Joseph, 153, 228. 
Bee, Mary. 155. 
Bee, Matthew, 83, 85. 
Bee, Susannah. 153, 155, 175, 167. 
Bee, Thomas, 100, 167, 234. 
Beech Hill, 174. 
Bell, Ann, 220. 
Bell. Col. John, 166, 220. 
Bellamy, Anthony, 122. 
Bellamy, Thomas, 13. 
Bellinger, Mrs. 126. 127. 
Bellinger, Edmund. 84. 125. 238, 243. 
Bellinger, Elizabeth. 149, 150 (2), 151, 

152, 234. 
Bellinger, John, 243. 
Bellinger, Mary Easter, 149. 
Bellinger, Mary Louisa. 151. 
Bellinger, Richard, 17, 89. 
Bellinger, Sarah Esther, 152. 
Bellinger. William, 149, 150 (2), 151, 

152. 166. 232. 
Bembridge, Miles. 123. 
Benfield, John, 226. 
Bennett, Hannah, 136. 
Bennet, John. 168. 
Bennett, Richard, 136. 
Bennett, Thomas. 156. 
Bennsee, Capt. John, 228. 
Bentham. Mrs. James, 222. 
Bently, Tl. 
Beraud. Capt., 229. 
Berberidge, Rachel, 176. 
Bcrberidge, William P., 175. 
Beretford, Mrs. Edith, 238. 

Beresford, Harriott, 168. 

Beresford, John, 83, 84, 88, 142, 143, 238. 

Beresford, Richard, 168. 

Berkeley County, 16, 17, 21, 83, 143, 

Berlin, 134. 

Bermudas, 19. 

Bernard, Elias, 215. 

Berry, Edward. 13a 

Berry, Mrs. Purchase, 230. 

Bertmshaw, 85. 

Betancourt, 105. 

Beuvron, Marquis de, 92. 

Bewell, Timothy, 236. 

Biddle, Captain. 114, 171, 17Z 

Bignion, Rev. Joseph, see Bugnion. 

Bill, Mary, 85. 

Bill. Thomas, 84, 85. 

Billings, James, 11& 

Bird, John, 16, 87, 89. 90, 91. 241. 

Bissett, Elias, 90, 241. 

Black, Richard, 163. 

Blackdog (an Indian), 61. 

Blake, Mr., 24. 

Blake, Ann. 234. 

Blake, Daniel. 235. 

Blake, [Joseph], (Governor), 12, 13, 14, 

16, 17, 22, 24, 31. 83. W, 85, 86. 89, 90, 

91, 136. 137. 138. 139, 141, 142, 144, 

236, 240. 241, 242. 243. 
Blake, Lady, 26. 
Blaymer, Elizabeth. 228. 
Blewer, Frances, 175. 
Blinco, Samuel, 148. 
Blinco, Noah. 148. 
Blunt, Tom., Chief of Northern Tut- 

caroras, 35. 
Bluver, Samuel, 121. 
Bochett, Nicholas, 237. 
Boggs, Mary, 230. 
Boggs, Rebecca, 233. 

Boisseau , 141. 

Bollough, William, 12, 17. 
Bolton, Ann, 137, 233. 
Bolton, James. 150, 224. 
Bolton, Jane 150. 
Bolton, Randolph, 137. 
Bolton, Rebecca, 137. 
Bolton, Thomas, 137. 
Bompson, James, 122. 
Bonaparte, Napoleon, 97. 
Bonhomme Richard, The, 115, 134. 
Bonhost, Jonas, 136, 137. 
Bonne, Aventure, The, 115. 
Bonneau, Josiah, 225. 
Bonneau, Susannah, 225. 
Bonnell, Jane, 178. 
Bonnell, John. 90. 
Bonnell, Maria, 138. 
Bonnell Mary, 90. 



Bonnell, Susannah, 90. 

Bonner, William^ 174. 

Bonyoe, Isaac, 214. 

Books, 12. 

Boon, Mr., 24, 26. 

Boone, Mrs. Capers, 225. 

Boone, Jane, 160, 164. 

Boone, John, 88. 224. 

Boone, Joseph, 31, 32» 241. 

Boone, Rebecca, 164. 

Boone, Thomas, 176. 

Boone, William, 160, 164, 226. 

Booth, Robert, 123. 

Booth, Thomas, 136, 244. 

Bordeaux, 80. 

Bordels, Jacob, 11. 

Boston. 134. 

Bos wood, Mrs. 147. 

Boswood, Elizabeth, 232. 

Bos wood, Margaret, 153. 

Boswood, Mary, 232. 

Bouinton, William, 240. 

Bounethcau, Mrs. Peter, 223. 

Bourdeau, Isaac. 222. 

Bourdeaux, John, 122. 

Bourdeaux, Mary Ann, 163. 

Bourgett, Daniel, 158. 

Bourke, David, 31. 

Bourke, Sarah, 32. 

Bourquin, Benedict. 214. 

Bourquin, Henry. 214, 217. 

Bourquin, Jean Baptist, 205, 212, 214. 

Bourquin. Col. John Lewis, 185. 

Bourquin, Mary, 215. 

Bowcn, Dr. Howel, 224. 

Bowen, Owen. 232. 

Bowen, Thomas, 118. 

Bower, Henry, 10. 

Bower, Thomas, 244. 

Bower, William, 10, 86, 87. 136. 

Bowler, Elizabeth, 151. 152. 

Bowler. William, 151, 152. 

Bowler, William (b. 1765), 151. 

Boy, Catherine. 231. 

Boyce, Capt. Alexander, 229. 

Boyce, Elizabeth, 233. 

Boyd, John, 12, 87. 

Boyd, Capt. Robert, 163. 

Boylston, 110. 

Brabant, Dr. Daniel, 205, 216. 

Brabant, Dr. John, 216. 

Brace, John Peter, 212. 

Bradwell. , 156. 

Brae. John. 17. 
Bradley, Samuel, 226. 
Brailsford, Elizabeth. 230. 
Brailsford, Morton, 160. 
Brandenbourg, 198. 
Branford, Mr., 239. 
Branford, Barnabas, 165. 

Branford, Ezekial, 222. 
Brandford. William, 164. 
Braund, John, 160. 
Breaker, Ann, 175. 
Breed, Samuel, 129. 
Bremar, Francis, 157. 
Bremar, Martha, 157. 
Brentwood, Essex, England, 24S. 
Brest, 80. 

Breton, (a widow), 209. 

Breton, Francoise, 217. 

Breton, Jean Pierre, 209. 

Brewton, John, 225. 

Brewton, Mary, 161. 

Brewton, Col. Michael, 31. 

Brewton, Miles, 138. 

Brickett, Christopher. 214. 

Bricole, La, 98, 99. 

Bridges, 24. 

Brisbane, Mrs. Hannah, 162. 

Brisbane, James, 52. 167. 

Brisbane, Rebecca, 167. 

Brisbane, William, 162. 167. 

British Army, 126, 132. 207. 

British fleet. 51. 

British Ministry. 93. 

British Parliament. 49. 

Broadbelt. Ann. 233. 

Broad Street, 141. 

Brockhurst, Capt. William. 142. 

Bromley. Thomas. 162. 

"Brook Hill." Henrico Co, Va., 71. 

Brookes, David, 118. 

Brookes, Thomas, 121. 

Brooks, Nathaniel, 121. 

Broom. Benjamin. 121. 

Broughton, Lieut.-Govemor, 219. 

Broughton, Alexander. 162. 

Broughton. Elizabeth, 227. 

Broughton, Nathan. 227, 2418. 

Broughton, Peter, 157. 

Broughton, Thomas, 140, 227, 238. 

Brown, Elizabeth, 149. 

Brown, John, 31, 149, 232. 

Brown. John, (of Georgia), 124. 

Brown, Lazarus, 168. 

Brown, Margaret, 230. 

Brown. Martha, 149. 

Brown, Mary. 234. 

Brown, Mrs. Penelope, 222. 

Brown, Sarah, 226. 

Brown, Thomas, 231. 

Brown. William, 234. 

Browning. William, 178. 

Bruce. Thomas, 31, 32. 

Brulott. Guill.. 212. 

Bruneau. de la Chabociere, Amaud, 12 

Bruneau. Lieut., 229. 
Brunton, Sarah, 240. 



Bryan, Hugh, 219, 223. 

Bryan, John Randolph, 71. 

Bryan, Jonathan, 153. 

Bryan, Joseph, 71. 

Bryan, Josiah, 153, 221. 

Bryan, Mary, 153. 

Bryan, Mary, (b. 1745), 153. 

Buch, Barbara, 233. 

Buch, Daniel Henry, 20a 

Buch, Jan Pierre, 208. 

Buch, Ulrich, 218. 

Buchc. Abram, 208. 

Buche, David, 213. 

Buche, Francois, 208, 213. 

Buche, Margaretha. 208. 

Buche, Susanne, 208. 

Buchannan, Mrs. 147. 

Buckley, John. 90, 142, 239, 241. 

Buckley, Philip, 83, 240, 241. 

Buckley, Thomas. 239. 

Buell, Joseph. 119. 

Buer, Ann Ladson, 151. 

Buer, Rachel, 151. 

Buer, Thomas, 151. 156. 

Buffinston, William, 17. 

Bugnion, Rev. Joseph, 192, 197, 206, 217. 

Bull, Mrs., 126, 128. 

Bull, Capt. Bumaby, 16. 

Bull, Mrs. Barnaby, 125. 

Bull, Elizabeth, 167. 

Bull. John. 126. 169. 

Bull. John, (of Jamaica). 88, 89. 

Bull. Capt. John, 164, 167. 

Bull, Mary, 167. 

Bull, Marv Lucia. Letters from, in 1779 

and 1782, 125-128, 186. 
Bull, Sarah, 169. 
Bull, Sheldon, 167. 
Bull, Stephen, 13, 125. 158. 
Bull, Stephen, Jr., 222. 
Bull William, 31, 150, 219 125, 196. 197, 

Bull's Island, 51. 
Bullard, Edward, 163. 
Bullfinch, Mrs. Dorothy, 175. 
Bulline, Thomas. 158. 
Bullock, Archibald. 224. 
Bulman, Daniel, 13, 14. 
Burden, Jacob. 12. 
Buretell, Mr., 15. 
Burger, Catherine, 225. 
Burgess, Ann, 232. 
Burgher, David, 225. 
Burn, Samuel, 170- 
Burnett, Ceorge, 140. 
Burney, James, 120. 
Burnham, Dr. Charles, 15, 89. 
Burridgc, Robert, 119. 
Burrows, Mrs. (Mary), 222. 
Burrows, (Sally), 222. 

Bnrrovs, William, 222. 

Burton, Mrs. Sarah, 231. 

Bush, Isaac, 149. 

Bush, John, 221. 

Bush, Mary, 221. 

Bush, Peter, 149, 233. 

Bush, Sarah, 149. 

Bu8sy d'Amboise, Marquis de, 92. 

Butcher, 14. 

Butler, Miss, 161. 

Butler, Cicely, 236. 

Butler, Francis, 118. 

Butler, Mrs. Jean, 230. 

Butler, John, 236. 

Butler, Mary, 234. 

Butler, Richard, 236. 

Butler, Thomas, 90, 144, 167. 

Butler, Mrs. William, 223. 

Buttal, Monsieur, 209. 

Buxton, Abijah, 123. 

Cadiz, 7, 8. 

Caesan, Samuel, 161. 

Calcott, Mrs. Wellins, 166. 

Calder, Archibald. 224. 

Calame, Jacob, 209. 

Calendar of State Papers, American 

and West Indian, 1681-1685, 21. 
Calhoun, Mrs. Patrick, 163. 
Calis, Benjamin, 212. 
Calleday, Nichols, 121. 
Callibeuffe, Isaac, 14, 86, 136, 137, 141. 
Camden, S. C, 129. 
Cameron, Polly, 127, 128. 

Campbell, , 80. 

Campbell, James B.. 110, 111. 

Campbell, Mary, 230. 

Campbell, Martin, 222. 

Campbell, Sarah, 227. 

Candy, Edward, 230. 

Cantey, Capt., 37, 38. 

Cantey, (Tharles, 166. 

Cantey, Mary, 166. 

Cantey. William, 140, 144. 

Cape Fear Indians, 43. 

Cape Fear River, 35. 

Capers, Gabriel, 223. 

Capers, Martha, 223. 

Capers, Mary, 17, 240. 

Capers, Richard, 17, 240. 

Capers, William, 17, 88. 

Cardy, Samuel, 220. 

Cargoes, 7. 

Carlisle, William, 13, 17. 

Carolina, 10. 11, 12, 13, 14, 16, 17, 18, 

20, 55, 187, 238. 
Carolina (a briganteen), 143, 237. 
Carolina Art Association, 126. 
Carrol, Bartholomew R., 177. 



Carroll's Historical Collections of S- C 

Carson, Elizabeth, 157. 
Carson, Dr. James, 157, 225. 
Carss, William, 225. 
Cartwright, Richard, 237. 
Carwithen, William, 159. 
Cary, Thomas, 90, 142, 236, 237, 238, 

239, 240. 
Cassels, Ann, 166. 
Cassels, James, 166. 
Catawba River, 35. 
Catawba Indians, 59, 67. 
Cattcll, John, 90, 157, 159, 220. 
Cattell, Mrs. Margaret, 159. 
Cattell, Robert, 228. 
Cattell, Col. William, 226. 
Cattle, 15, 36, 195. 
Caveneau, Elizabeth, 224. 
Caveneau, James, 224, 232. 
Cedar Field Plantation, 128. 
Chabocier, Annaud Bruneau, Sieur de 

la, 12. 
Chaddock, Samuel, 235. 
Chalmers, Elizabeth, 235. 
Chalmers, Dr. Lionel, 162, 224. 
Chalmers, Mrs. Martha, 162. 
Chancoine, Mr., 102. 
Chapel of Ease (Willtown), 29. 
Chapman, John, 158. 
Chapman, William, 12, 17, 85, 142, 223, 

240, 244. 

Chappelles, Comte des, 92. 

Chardonet, Abraham, 214. 

Charles, King of England, 23. 

Charles Town, 6, 11. 12, 14, 15. 16, 17, 
20, 21, 23, 29, 50, 55, 83. 85, 88. 89, 
93, 114. 116, 125. 134, 137, 141, 143, 
145, 155. 156, 157, 158, 159, 160, 173, 
189, 191, 195, 200, 229, 230. 232, 234. 
235, 237, 239. 

Charlestown (defenses), 50. 

Charles Town Fusiliers, 229. 

Charleston, 30, 34, 41, 69. 93, 94, 96, 
97, 99, 101, 105, 125, 129, 174, 175, 
176, 177, 178, 179, 180, 181. 

Charleston Library Society, 97, 101, 
126, 159. 

Charlotte, N. C, 35. 

Charmason, Peter, 211. 

Chastaigner, Alexander, 12. 

Chatmus, Bristow, 118. 

Chattern, John, 118. 

Chaurand, Messrs. H. L., freres, 9, 82. 

Chawkley, Samuel, 121. 

Cheneshane, Daniel, 139. 

Cheneshane, Madelein, 139. 

Cheraw Goal, 52. 

Cherokee Indians, 51, 54-68. 

Cherokee, The, 115. 

Chevalier, Peter, 90, 137, 13a 

Cheves, Langdon, 2. 

Chicken, William, 226. 

Chiffelle, Mrs., 148. 

Chiffelle, Rev. Henry, 201, 202, 206w 

Child', Timothy, 118. 

Chilton, Littleton, 122. 

Chirurgery, 12. 

Chisolm, Alexander, 168. 

Chivillet (or Chevelis), John, 212, 213. 

Choan, N. C, 36. 

Choiseul, Count de. 106. 

Chotte, 64. 

Choupart, Daniel, 214. 

Chovin, Mrs. Alexander, 221. 

Chowan River, 35. 

Christ Church Parish^ 128, 168. 

Christians, David, 215. 

Chuconnunta, 65. 68. 

Chudley, Ann, 228. 

Church, Jeremiah. 119. 

Church, Sctvus, 119. 

Church of England, 29, 191. 

Church Street, 141. 

Churches, 27. 191. 

City Gazette and Daily Advertiser, Hi 

City Gazette and Commercial Daily Ad- 
vertiser, \29, 130. 185. 

Clang, Sebastian, 233. 

Clark, Abigail, 177. 

Clark, Elizabeth, 176. 

Clark, Ephraim, M., 177. 

Clark, Joseph, 119. 

Clark, Lydia, 176. 

Clark, Martha, M. M., 178. 

Clark, William. 176. 

Clarke, Capt, Charles, 16. 

Clarke, Rev. Richard. 235. 

Clarkson (?), Col. George, 147. 

Clarkson (?) Mary, 147. 

Clarkson, Dr William, 224. 

Claypool, John, 120, 

Clayton, I sham, 226. 

Cleator, John. 166. 

Cleiland, Ann, 230. 

Cleiland, Dr. John, 223. 

Cleiland, Hon. John, 160. 

Cleveland, John B., 2. 

Clifford, Charles, 153. 

Clifford, Dandridge, 170. 

Clifford, Sarah, 231. 

Clifford, Thomas, 156. 

Clinton, Sir Henry, 99. 

Clitherall, Dr. 157. 

Clitherall, Elizabeth, 157. 

Cloningham, Mr., 140. 



Coaltcr, Elizabeth Tucker, 71. 

Coachman, Capt. Benjamin, 228. 

Coachman, Charlotte A., 183. 

Coachman, John, 183. 

Coats, Sarah, 233. 

Cobley, Jemmett, 212. 

Cochran, Elizabeth, 150. 

Cochran, Hannah, 148. 

fochran, Hugh, 136, 148. 

Cochran, James, 26, 31, 32. 

Cochran, Jonathan, 150, 228. 

Cochran, Mary, 14^8, 150. 

Cochran, Mrs. Mary, 232. 

Cochran, Robert, 114, 115. 

Cock, John, 11. 

Cock, Martin, 10. 

Cockfield, Mary, 16. 

Cockfield, William, 16. 

Cockran, Dr. John, 231. 

Codner, Phoebe, 137 

Codner, Richard. 83. 

Coffin, Amory, 180. 

Coffin, Ebenezer, 101. 

Colcock, C. J., 2. 

Cole, Ann, 166. 

Cole, John, 167. 

Cole, Richard, 166. 

Cole, Robert, 13. 

Colleton, Charles, ISO. 

Colleton, Elizabeth, 150. 

Colleton, Sir John, 24, 225. 

Colleton, Capt. Peter, 143. 

Colleton, Susannah, 150. 

Colleton County, 13, 21, 23, 24, 27, 238. 

Collins. Elizabeth. 242. 

Collins, John, 17, 86, 90, 91. 

Collins, Robert, 13, 17, 86. 

Collume, Jacob, 212. 

Colman, Thomas, 160. 

Columbia, S. C, 35, 99, 105, 180. 

Combahee, 158. 

Comb^, John, 160. 

Combe, Martha, 168. 

Commons House of Assembly of S. 

C, Journal of, 41-48. 
Commons House of Assembly of South 

Carolina 34 
Conant, R'ichard, 13, 141, 144. 
Cond^, Prince of, 92. 
Confederate Army, 71. 
Confederate States, 72. 
Confederate War, 36, 107, 109. 
Congaree River, 34, 35. 
Congress, Continental, 4, 7, 8, 82, 100, 

133, 135. 
Congress, Continental, Commercial 

Board of, 4, 6, 7. 
Connecticut, 118. 
Connocautee (an Indian), 62, 63. 

Connor, John, 122. 

Continental Congress, s^e Congress, 

Continental Establishment, 49. 
Continental Fleet, 134. 
Continental Line of S. C, 99. 
Conway, Gen. Robert, 130. 
Conyers, James. 238. 
Cooke, Sarah, 248. 
Cooley, Peter, 237. 
Cooper, Rev. Mr., 52. 
Cooper, Basil, 153. 
Cooper, John, 122. 
Cooper, Mary, 153. 
Cooper River, 34, 114, 238, 239. 
Coosawattee, 59. 
Copley, John Singleton, 69, 70. 
Copley, Mrs., 69, 70. 
Copp, Rev. Jonathan, 161. 
Coram, Mr., 80. 
Cordes, Anthony, 139, 141. 
Cordes, Catherine Henrietta, 165. 
Cordes, James, 223. 
Cores, The (Indians), 40. 
Corker, Thomas, 166. 
Cornish, James Joseph, 193, 201. 
Cornwallis, Lord, 116. 
Cossens, Mrs., 148. 
Cossens, Edmond, 225. 
Cosslet, Charles Mathewes, 225. 
Coste, Isaac, 213. 
Cotechneys, The, 33, 40. 
Cotteneau, Jermain, 241. 
Counts, Ursula, 234. 
Couran, Antoine, 141. 
Court of the Ordinary, 99. 
Court of Ordinary, Province of South 

Carolina, abstracts from the records 

of, 10-19, 83-91, 136-144, 236-244. 
Courtis, Daniel, 11. 
Courts, 27. 

Coward, William, 121. 
Cowper, Mrs., 155. 
Cox, Hannah, 227. 
Cox, Margaret, 231. 
Coxeter, James, 119. 
Crafts, William, 100. 101, 102, 103, 105, 

106, 107, 111. 112, 113. 
Crandall, William, 118. 
Cranston, Robert, 240. 
Craven, Charles, Governor, 33, 34, 40, 

42, 44, 46. 
Craven County, S. C, 161. 
Craven County, N. C, 33. 
Crawford, Alex., 120. 
Crawford, Daniel, 160. 
Crawford, Helen, 234. 
Crawford, Mrs. Marv, 234. 
Creek Indians, 58, 59. 



Creighton, Tames, 222. 

Creighton, Leslie, 153. 

Creighton, Sarah, 221. 

Creighton, William, 221. 

Cripps, John Splatt, 4, 111. 

Crokatt, Mrs. Susannah, 235. 

Croft, Mrs. Catherine, 165. 

Croft, Childermas, 161, 165. 

Croft, Miss Sally, 221. 

Crokatt, James, M. D., 162. 

Cronenberger, Anna Catharina, 210. 

Croncnberger, Elizabeht, 210. 

Cronenberger, Gertmes, 210. 

Cronenberger, Henrich, 210. 

Cronenberger, Nicolas, 210. 

Croskeys, Jemima, 152. 

Croskeys, John, 152. 

Croskeys, Joseph, 90. 

Croskeys, Mary, 152. 

Crossthwait, William Ward, 15& 

Crowfield Plantation, 22a 

Crowly, Capt. Charles, 114. 

Cuba, 81. 

Culliatte, Adam, 149, 165. 213, 216, 230. 

Culliatte, C, 167. 

Culliatte, James, 149. 

Culliatte. James Luvis, 151. 152, 153. 

Culliatte, Magdalene, 151. 

Culliatte, Mary, 149, 151, 152, 153. 

Culliatte, Sarah Elizabeth, 153. 

Culliatt, Wallier, 212. 

Cullip's Tavern, 77. 

Cumins: or Cumming, Sir Alexander, 

Cunningham, Andrew, 146. 
Cunningham, John, 120. 
Cunningham, Margaret, 146. 
Cunningham, William, 146. 
Custom House at Charles Town, 193. 
Cuthbert, Ann, 146. 
Cuthbert, George, 156, 165. 
Cuthbert, James, 146, 159. 
Cutting, John Browne, 97, 99, 100, 101, 

103, 104, 105, 106. 

Dacres, Robert, 138, 139. 

Daily Journal, 55« 

Daily Post, (London), 55. 

Dalcho's Church History, 27, 165, 170, 

187, 206, 207. 
Dale, Oliver, 221. 
Dalescale, Vincent, 216. 
Dalton, Darius, 150, 151, 233. 
Dalton, Dorcas, 231. 
Dalton, Mary, 151. 
Dalton, Sarah, 151. 231. 
Dalton, Thomas, 237. 
Dandridge, George, 162. 
Dandridge, William, 156, 165. 

Daniel, Col, 43. 

Daniel, Adam, 156, 234. 

Daniell, Robert, 26. 43, 47, 83, 236, 241. 

Darquier, Elizabeth, 145, 149. 167. 

Darquier, Margaret, 149. 

Darquier, Moses, 145, 149. 166, 167. 

Darquier, William, 145. 
Darrell, Edward, 113. 
Dauthereau, Romain Marie, lOI, 103. 

105, 106. 107. 
Da vies, Robert, 157. 
Davies, Rev. William, 220. 
Davis, David, 138. 
Davis. Eleanor, 223. 
Davis, John, 123. 
Davis. Richard, 122. 
Davis. Robert, 241, 242. 
Davis, William, 138, 170. 
Davison, Susannah, 232. 
Dawson, John, 113. 
Day, Maria, 174. 
Day, William, 150. 
Dearsley, George, 90. 
Deas, David, 222, 230. 
Deboahm, Mrs., 222. 
DeBourdeaux, James, 141, 243. 
Declaration of Independence, 5l. 
Dedcotts, John, 26. 
Deering, John, 166. 
Defence, The, 114 
De Grafenried, Baron, 37. 
De Jean, Captain, 21& 
Delahoyde, Ann, 226. 
Delancy, Elizabeth, 220. 
Delancy, Peter, 167, 220. 
Delane, Samuel, 218. 
Delany, Dennis, 120. 
De Las, James, 212. 
De Lorme, John F., 109. 
Delozier, Asa, 110. 
Delpont, Jean, 211. 
Dempsey, Edward. 168. 
Dennison, Ambrose, 17. 86. 
Denny, Moses, 233. 
Depoe, Nicholas, 120. 
De Pia, Peter, 216. 
Derick, John Henry. 216. 
Derrick, William, 121. 
DeRoch, John Henry, 216. 
DeRoche, Henry, 211. 
DeSaussure. Lieut. 229. 
DeSaussure, Henry. 205. 214, 216. 
Deschamps, Frances, 170. 
Detmestre, Peter, 216. 
Detrevis, Godfrey, 218 (2). 
Devall (or Devill). Louis, 214, 218. 
Devision, Peter Abraham, 213. 
Dewar, Charles, 222. 



Dick, Dr. James, 159. 

Dickinson, Jeremiah, 176. 

Dicks, Arthur, 142, 244. 

Dictionary of National Biography, 54, 

Didcot, Margaret, 234. 
Dill, Joseph Mason, 175. 
Dishington, Dr., 159. 
Dixon, Thomas, 158. 
Dobell, Rev. Philip, 221. 
Dobell, Rev. Philip, Jr., 221. 
Dodd, John, 159. 
Doggatt, Martha. 240. 
Dogget, Capt, 228. 
Dolphin (a schooner), 202. 
Dominick, John, 214. 
Donevan, Daniel, 90. 
Donnatt, Abraham, 216. 
Donnom, James, 156, 162. 
Donnom, Jonathan, 231. 
Donnom, Mary, 156, 162, 165. 
Donnom, Capt. William, 229. 
Dorchester, 22, 156. 
DorflF, George Minguers» 212. 
Dott. David, 221. 
Doughty, Ann, 231. 
Douglas, David, 185. 
Douxsaint, Jane, 165. 
Doville, Mr., 80. 
Downes, William, 120. 
Downing, Patience, 18, 19. 
Downing, Thomas, 18, 19. 
Doyley, Daniel, 159. 
Drake, Edward, 17. 
Drath, Edward, 86. 
Drayton, Mrs.. 76, 79. 
Drayton, Hon. John, 228. 
Drayton, John, Jr., 170. 
Drayton, Margaret, 168. 
Drayton, Mary, 231. 
Drayton, Mrs. Stephen, 163. 
Drayton, Thomas, 138, 160, 238. 
Drayton, William, 101, 102, 103. 
Drayton, Hon. William Henry, 228. 
Drew, Shad., 123. 
Driggers, Judas, 175. 
Dry, Elizabeth. 243. 
Dry, William, 142, 143, 237. 238. 243. 

Dryerson, George, 120. 
Du Berdrin, Capt. Samuel, 13& 
Duberdosser, Henry, 216. 
Dubertas, Dr., 228. 
Dublin, 185. 

Dubois, Capt. David, 229. 
Dubosc, James, 138, 139. 241. 
Du Bose, James, 139, 140, 141, 242. 
Du Bose, Mary, 140, 141. 
Du Bourdrin. Judith. 140, 141. 

Du Bourdtea. Samuel. 14Q, HI. 

Duff, Daniel, 124. 

Du Gue, Elizabeth, 140^ 141. 

Du Gue, Isaac, 140, 141. 

DuGue, James, 87, 140, 141, 240. 

Du Gue, James, Jr., 140. 

Du Gue, Marianna, 140, 141, 24a 

Du Gue, Marianna (the younger). )40L 

Du Gue, Peter, 140^ 141. 
Duhamel, 105. 
Dulles, Joseph, 185. 
Duncan. William, 120. 
Dundass, Rev. John, 221. 
Dundon, Edmund, 136. 
Dungworth, Mary, 234. 
Dunlop, Catherine, 231. 
Dunstan. William, 120. 
Dun woody, Margaret, 231. 
Dupont, Abraham, 242. 
Dupont, Ann, Sen., 145, 153, 157. 
Dupont, Ann, Jr., 146, 153, 
Dupont, Catherine, 145. 
Dupont, Gideon, Sen., 145, 153, 1S7. 
Dupont, Gideon, Jr., 146. 
Dupont. Gideon F. (Fauchereau), 153, 
Dupont, Hannah, 153. 
Dupont, John, 153. 
Dupont, Mary, 146, 153. 
Dupont, Rebekah, 153. 
Durand, Rev. Levi, 162. 
Du Rouseau, Daniel, 90, 138, 139, 140, 

Durphy. Ezekial. 118. 
Dussaux — , 105. 
Dutarque, John. 229. 
Dutarque, Mrs. John, 222. 

Eagle Point, Glouster Co., Va., 71. 

Earle, Louisa Ann, 178. 

Eberson, Elizabeth, 149. 

Eberson, Mary, 149. 

Eberson, Sarah, 231. 

Eberson, Susannah, 149. 

Eberson William, 149, 232. 

Eberson, Capt. William, 156. 

Eccho, or Ediftburg Weekly Joumah 5S, 

Ecolier, David, 212. 

Edgar, Thomas, 119. 

Edgefield District, 180. 

Edgefield, S. C, 110. 

Edisto Island. 25, 87, 164. 

Edings, Charlotte, P., 179. 

Edings, John Evans, 176. 

Edings, J. Evans. 179. 

Edings, Mary. 

Edings, William, 164. 177, 178. 

Edingsville, 180. 



Edisto, Island. 174. 176, 177. 178. 179. 

Edisto River. 20. 24. 26. 28. 
Edmonds. Rev. James, 220^ 
Edmonds, Sarah. 220. 
Edwards, John. 168, 193. 
Edwards. Joseph. 87. 
Edwards. Margaret. 168. 
Edwards. Mary. 228. 
Edwards. Peter, 228. 
Edwards. William. 17. 136. 
Egnia, Ann Marie. 216. 
Ehrick, John M.. 107. 
Elder. Charlotte, 221. 
Elder, Dr. [Thomas, of St. Thomas 

Parish]. 221. 
Elfe, Thomas, 223. 
Elizard, Abraham, 212. 
Ellits, William, 14. 
Ellicott, Joseph, 87, 142. 
Elliott, Mr., 64. 
Elliott, Bernard, 165, 221, 227. 
Elliott, Mrs. Benjamin, 163. 
Elliott, Charles, 245. 
Elliott, Charles, Jr., 170. 
Elliott, Elizabeth, 142, 165. 
Elliott, Jane Riley, 245. 
Elliott, John, 142. 
Elliott, Joseph, 142. 
Elliott, Mary, 221. 
Elliott, Sabina, 169. 
Elliott, Col. Samtiel, 224. 
Elliott, Sarah, 221. 
Elliott, Thomas, 136, 158. 166, 221, 

Elliott, William, 16, 142, 163, 169. 224, 

Elliott Cemetery, St. Paul's Parish, 

Ellis, William, 169. 
Ellsey, Robert, 122. 
Ellsworth, Theoph., 119. 
Ely, Elizabeth, 243. 
Ely, John, 244. 
Emsitler, Barbara, 152. 
Emsitler, Deborah, 152. 
Emsitler, Robert, 152. 
Emms, Ralph, 11, 14. 
Enderlin, Henry, 213. 
England, 55, 131, 188. 
English Public Record Office, 34. 
Engsine, Hardy, 118. 
Eno River, 35. 

Episcopal Church of America, 29. 
Equitable Life Assurance Society, 71. 
Estaing, Count de, 98, 131. 
Estatohee, 52. 
Euhaw, 221. 
Europe, 3, 6, 7, 191. 

Evance, Thomas, 225. 
Evans, Rev. Caleb, 168. 
Evans. Maj. George. 47. 
Evans. Henrietta. 178. 
Evans. Rev. John. 158. 
Evans, Solomon, 122. 
Eveleigh, George, 225. 
Eves, Colonel. 26. 

Fabian. Ann. 150 (2). 

Fabian. Daniel, 150. 

Fabian, Joseph, 150 (2). 

Fabian. Mrs. Susannah. 231. 

Fair American, The, 171. 

Fairchild. Captain. 62. 

Fairfield. S. C. 110. 

Pallet, Abraham, 213. 

Falls, Mr., 26. 

Farmer, Rev. Mr., 157. 

Farr, Mary, 227. 

Farr, Nathaniel, 227. 

Farr, Phebe, 146. 

Farr, Thomas, 146. 

Farrar, Benjamin, 167. 

Farrar, Mary Ann, 167. 

Faucheraud, Mary, 160. 

Faucounet, David, 215. 

Faure, Francois, 217. 

Fayssoux, Dr., 223. 

Fayssoux, Sarah, 223. 

Felder, Capt. John Perry, 218. 

Fell, William, 226. 

Fen wick, Edward, 231. 

Fenwick, Col. John, 43, 44. 

Fenwicke, Robert, 11, 243. 

Ferguson, David, 85, 147, 230, 241. 242. 

Ferguson. Elizabeth, 223. 

Ferguson, James, 228. 

Ferguson, Martha, 220. 

Ferguson, Mary, 147, 232. 

Ferguson, Sarah, 152. 

Ferguson, Thomas, 90, 223. 

Ferguson, William, 152. 

Ferguson, William Hunt, 152. 

Ferry, 25. 28. 

Fidling, Elizabeth, 227. 

Fidling, Francis, 16, 137, 138, 141. 241. 

Field, Elizabeth, 149. 

Field, Sarah, 148, 149, 151. 

Field. Sarah Jennet, 151. 

Field, William, 148, 149, 151. 

Filbein, John, 141. 

Fileaux, Peter, 90, 138, 139. 

Finley, Mary, 230. 

Fires, 51. 

Fishburne, Mrs. Ann, 150, 234. 

Fishburne, Martha, 232. 

Fishburne, Thomas, 233. 

Fishburne, William, 150. 



Fisburn, see Fishburn. 

Fitch, Helen, 168. 

Fitch, James, 168. 

Fitch, Jonathan, 237. 

Fitzgerald, Dr. Alexander, 169. 

Fitzgerald, Thomas, 236. 

Fitzpa trick, Richard, 231. 

Fitz Simons, Owen P., 179. 

Five Nations, The, 40. 

Flagg, Mrs. George, 222. 

Flar, Monsieur, 209. 

Fling, Hugh, 239. 

Flora (an Indian), 85. 

Flower, Mr., 126. 

Flowers, Joseph Edward, 195, 197, 212. 

Florida, 72. 

Fludd, Col. William, 226. 

Foissin Elias, 163. 

Follett, Charles, 238. 

Forbes, Grace, 184. 

Forbes, John, 222. 

Ford, Charles, 149. 

Ford, Elizabeth, 146. 

Ford, Elizabeth Nash, 151. 

Ford, George, 153. 

Ford, Hannah, 150. 

Ford Isaac, 153. 

Ford, Mary. 146, 149, 150, 151, 153 (2), 

Ford, Stephen, 151. 
Ford, Susanna, 149, 151, 153, 154. 
Ford, Thomas, 149, 151, 232. 
Ford, Timothy, 101, 104. 
Ford, Tobias, 146, 149, 150, 151 (2), 

153 (2). 169, 232. 
Ford, William, 151. 
Forsyth, Hugh, 120. 
Fort Cohunche, 40. 
Fort Johnson, 51, 164. 
Fort Keowee, 62. 
Fort Moultrie, 129. 
Fort Nooheroka, 36, 39. 
Fort Reading, 36. 
Fort Sulivant, 51. 
Fort Sumter, 115. 
Foster, Mr., 41, 42. 
Fotheringham, Dr. Alexander, 224. 
Fountain, John, 212. 
Fowler, Ann, 226. 
Fowler, Edward, 232. 
Fowler, Jonathan, 226. 
Fox, Col., 60. 

Fox, The (man-of-war), 55. 
Frampton, Richard, 244. 
France, 4. 9, 51, 75, 92, 97, 98. 
Francis, Judith, 84, 87, 88. 
Franck, Anna Susana, 210. 
Franck, Daniel, 210. 
Franck, Leonhards, 210. 

Francks, Jacob, 237. 

Frank, Ann Barbara, 212. 

Frank, Leonard, 217. 

Franklin, Benjamin, 81, 93, 94, 117, 

131, 132, 134, 135. 
Franklin, George, 243. 
Franklyn, Susannah, 231. 
Franconia, 169. 
Eraser, Alexander, 232. 
Fraser, Judith, 168. 
Eraser, Miss Judith, 161. 
Frederica, Ga., 58. 
Free Schools, see Schools. 
Freer, John, 238. 
French, The, 60, 61. 
French Church, 191. 
French Consul, 98, 99. 
French East India Company, 187. 
French Revolution, 96. 
French Republic, 100. 
French Spoliation Claims, 108. 
Friends, Congregation of, 137. 
Frigates, 5, 8. 
Fripp, John, 25, 176, 244. 
Frooman, John, 142. 
Frost, Edward, 109. 
Frost, Mary, 163. 
Frowman, John, 86. 
Fry, Thomas, 236, 243. 
Fry, William, 244. 
Fuller, Edward N., 178. 
Fuller, Elizabeth, 166. 
Fuller, Thomas, 166. 
Fuller, Whitmarsh, 158. 
Fuller, William, 17, 163. 
Fullerton, Andrew, 123. 
Fullerton, John, 227. 
Fuse, William, 123. 
Fuus, Christian, 210. 
Fuz, Elizabeth, 85. 

Gadsden, Col., 51. 

Gadsden, Mrs. C, 163. 

Gadsden, Christopher, 157, 232. 

Gadsden, Mary, 157- 

Gadsden, Thomas, 166, 194. 

Galache, Pierre, 217. 

Galbraith, Rev. J. E. H., 181. 

Gaillard, David, 228. 

Gale (Indian Agent), 35. 

Gallagher, Patrick, 121. 

Gallier, Jean Henry, Pierre de, 217. 

Gallin, Jean Pierre de, 212. 

Gantier, David, 211. 

Gantlett, George, 13, 19. 

Garden, Alexander, Anecdotes of the 

American Revolution, 115 
Garden, Col. Benjamin, 154. 
Garden, Francis, 159. 



Garden, Mrs. Harry, 161. 

Garden, Martha, 230. 

Gamier, John, 222. 

Gtrnier, Magdalen. 229. 

Garry, Thomas, 17. 

Gartman, Darol, 231. 

Garvey, Mrs., 127. 

Garvcy, M., 126, 128. 

Garvey, Mrs. Susanna, 128. 

Garving, Elizabeth, 230. 

Gasman, Henry, 214. 

Gaston, Lieut., 229. 

Gaston, Rev. Hugh, 163. 

Geddes, John, 103, 105, 106. 

Geigleman, Emanuel, 233. 

Genbretz, John, 215. 

Gender, Andrew, 218. . 

Gendron, John, 165. 

Gendron, Philip, 165. 

General Assembly of South Carolina, 

24, 189, 190. 191. 206. 248. 
Geneva, 192. 
George II, King of England. 60. 61. 

65, 66, 67, 68, 160. 
George III, King of England, 49. 
Georgetown, S. C., 130. 167, 182, 183, 

184 234 
Georgia, 49, 124, 131. 132, 133, 135. 

German Protestants, 208, 209. 
Gervais, Mr., 95. 
Gervais, John Lewis, 112. 113. 
Giball, Knight, 220. 
Gibb, Dr. Robert. 225. 
Gibbes, Ann, 146, 159. 
Gibbes, Culcheth, 147, 160, 224, 230. 
Gibbes, Dennis, 31, 32. 
Gibbes, Jane, 147, 160. 
Gibbes, John, 146, 160, 228. 
Gibbes, Col. John, 159, 162. 
Gibbes, Mary, 147. 
Gibbes, Sarah, 146. 
Gibbes, Robert, 146, 237. 
Gibbes, Col. Robert, 138. 
Gibbes, Robert, Governor, 33, 86. 
Gibbons, Edward, 120. 
Gibbons, William, 31, 89, 136, 138, 230. 
Gignilliat, John Francis, 14, 243. 
Gilbert, Caleb, 118. 
Gilbert, Samuel, 120. 
Giles, John, 227. 
Gill, Henry, 88, 243. 
Gill, William, 176. 
Gillespie, David, 167. 
Gillet, Dr. Aaron, 220. 
Gillet, Jerusha, 220. 
Gillon, Alexander, 92, 94, 96, 98, 105, 

111, 112, 113. 

Gillon, Alexander, letters. 3-9, 75-8|> 

Gillon, Mrs., 82. 
Ginger, David, 216. 
Giradin. Anne, 209. 
Giradin, David, 208. 
Giradin. Henry, 208, 211. 
Giradin, Henry, (the younger), 208. 
Giradin, Jean Henry, 211. 
Giradin, Joseph. 212. 
Giradin, Marguerite, 208. 
Giroud, David, 209. 
Giradeau, Hannah, 152. 
Giradeau, John Bohun. 152. 
Giradeau. John Bohun (b. 1769). lS2. 
Giradeau, John, 138. 
Giradeau, Mary Ann. 232. 
Givin, John, 83. 

Glaze, Gabriel, 90, 139. 140, 144. 
Glaze. James, 154, 233. 
Glaze, John, 157. 
Glaze, Susannah, 232. 
Glaze, Philodocia, 139. 
Glenn, James, 122. 
Glover, Ann, 146, 148, 149 (2), 150. 151, 

Glover, Charles, 154. 
Glover, James, 150, 22a 
Glover, Joseph, 146, 148, 149 (2). 150, 

151, 229, 231. 
Glover, Moses, 151. 
Glover, Peggy Ann, 146^ 151. 
Glover, Sanders, 149. 
Glover, Wilson, 149. 
Goats, 15. 

Godbolt, Eleanor, 175. 
Godfrey, Benjamin, 166. 
Godfrey, Mary, 166. 
Godfrey, Thomas, 223. 
Godin, Benjamin, 43. 
Godin, Isaac, 225. 
Godman, William & Co., 237. 
Goliere, Anthony, 215. 
Gombye, Michael, 215. 
Goodwin, Captain, 228. 
Goodwin, Jesse, 231. 
Goose-Creek, 175, 224. 226. 
Gordon, Catherine, 223. 
Gordon, John, 161, 223, 226. 
Gosport, England, 129. -v, 

Gough, Mrs. Mary, 231. 
Gourdin, Theodore, 170. 
Govan, John, 164. 
Grabs, John, 213. 
Gracia, Francis, 161, 239. 
Graeme, David, 225. 
Graeme, James, 146. 
Graham, James, 221. 
Graham, Sarah, 221. 



Grame, Sarah, 14d 
Grame, William, 159. 

Grand, Ferdinand, 97. 

Grange, Hugh, 151, 161. 

Grange, Sarah. 151. 

Grange, Susanna, 233. 

Grange, Thomas, 151. 

Graniteville, 180. 

Grant book, 26. 

Grant, General, 51. 

Grant, Ludovick (his historical rela- 
tion in regard to the Cherokee 
lands), 54-68. 

Grasse, Count de, 80. 

Graversbock, Thomas, 118. 

Graves, Thomas, 140. 

Gray, Ann, 234. 

Great Britain, 6, 54, 245. 

Greatbeach, Daniel, 17, 18, 19. 

Greatbeach, David, 19. 

Greatbeach, Rowland, 19. 

Greatbeach, Ruth, 18, 19. 

Greatbeach, Thomas, 17, 86. 

Green, John, 119. 

Green, Capt. John, letter to Htnry 
Laurens, 116-117. 

Green, Nathaniel, 159. 

Greenland, John, 139, 140. 

Greensboro, N. C, 72. 

Grenier, John, 213, 214. 

Greville, Dr. Samuel, 221. 

Grey, Lieut., 229. 

Grey, Henry, 168. 

Griffith, John, 83. 

Grimball, Charles, 159. 

Grimball, Paul, 11, 12, 13, 86, 87. 

Grimke, Frederick, 162, 227. 

Grimke, Mrs. Martha, 162. 

Grimke, Mary, 232. 

Grob, Andelheith, 213. 

Grob, Elizabeth, 213. 

Grober, George Schonman, 214. 

Grovenemberg, Henry, 212. 

Grunsweig, Frederick, 162. 

Gudgerfield, Thomas, 16. 

Guerard, Govr., 93. 

Guerard, Anna, 72. 

Guerard, David, 166. 

Guerard, F. Ross, 72. 

Guerard, Jacob, 126. 

Guerard, John, 72, 242. 

Guerard, Capt. John M., 72. 

Guerard, Judith, 166. 

Guerard, Mrs. Mary Lucia, 128. 

Guerard, Peter, 12, 13, 14, 85, 86, 88, 
89, 140. 

Guerard, Peter Jacob, 11. 

Guerard, William Elliott, 72. 

Guerard, William Elliott, Jr., 72. 

Guerard's Light Battery, 7Z 
Guerin« Elizabeth, 166* 
Guerin, James, 221. 
Guerin, Manon, 168. 
Guerin, Mrs. (Mary), 225. 
Guerin, Mathew, 166t 
Guerin, William, 156. 165, 221 
Guerry, Lieut. Samuel, 22^ 
Guffell, John, 86. 
Gunter, Dr. Edward, 223. 
Gustave, The, 80 
Guy, Henry, 123. 

Hacket, Elizabeth, 157. 

Hacket, Dr. Michael, 157. 

Haddrell, George, 42. 

Haig, Capt., 62. 

Haig, Dr., 226. 

Haig, Eliza Mary, 234. 

Haig, Susannah, 226. 

Halbama, 61. 

Halbert, James, 16. 

Hale, Hugh, 237. 

Haley, John, 119. 

Hall, Captain, 77. 

Hall, Mr., 112. 

Hall, Dominic A., 99, 100. 

Hall, G. A., 75. 

Hall. Hugh, 143. 

Hall, John, 151. 

Hall, Dr. Lyman, 151. 

Hall, Mary. 151. 

Hall, Robert, 90. 

Hall, William, 156, 165. 

Hall, Captain William, 114, 115. 171. 

Hallett, Col. John, 143. 

Haly, Dr. John, 223. 

Hamilton, James, 230. 

Hamilton, John, 10, 11, 12. 13, 14. 1$, 

16, 17, 19, 83, 84, 86. 
Hamilton, Paul, 109. 
Hampton County, 207. 
Hancock, an Indian Chief. 33, 35. 
Harden, Charles, 147. 
Harden, Elizabeth, 148. 
Harden. Mary, 146, 147. 148. 
Harden, Rebecca, 147. 
Harden, Sarah, 231. 
Harden, William, 146. 147, 148. 
Harden, William (son of above), 146. 
Hardy, Dr. Matthew, 166. 
Harford, Capt., 37. 
Harleston, Edward, 222. 
Harleston, John, 164. 
Harleston, Nicholas, 156, 16S. 
Harper, Mr., 112. 
Harman, Jacob, 233. 
Harman, John, 120. 
Harris. Charles, 224. 



Harris, Elizabeth, 224. 

Harris, Mrs. Elizabeth, "alias Alston," 

Harris, John, 86. 
Harris, William, 121. 
Harrison, John, 231. 
Harry, Ann, 233. 
Hart, Charles, 31. 
Hart, Mrs. Oliver, 168. 
Hartley, Samuel, 139, 237. 
Hartley, Thomas, 169. 
Hartley, Mrs. Thomas, 163. 
Harty, Eliza, 234. 
Harvey, Childermas, 156, 165. 
Harvey, James, 167. 
Harvey, Maurice, 162. 
Harvey, William, 163. 
Haskell, Elnathan, 106, 107. 
Hastings, Capt., 37, 38. 
Hastings, Theophilus, 48. 
Hatter, Caot. John, 114, 115. 
Havana, 75, 79. 80, 81. 
Hawett, William, 87, 142, 240. 
Hayes, Thomas, 119. 
Ha3me, Abram, 145, 155. 
Ha)me, Abraham, 145, 154, 155. 
Hayne Eliza, (b. 1779), 154. 
Hayne, Eliza, (b. 1774), 154. 
Hayne, Elizabeth, 146, 151, 153. 
Hayne, Elizabeth, (b. 1746), 154. 
Hayne, Hannah, 154. 
Hayne, Harriet Will—, 145, 155. 
Hasme, Isaac, 146, 151, 153, 154. 
Hayne, Isaac (b. 1776), 154. 
Hayne, Col. Isaac, Records kept by, 

Hayne, Isaac, b. 1776, 151. 
Hayne, Isaac (1839-1888), 145. 
Hayne, Isaac W., 109. 
Hayne, John, 155. 
Hayne, John H, 154. 
Hayne, Mary (wife of William), 155. 
Hayne, Mrs. Mary, 145, 155, 226. 
Hayne, Sarah, 153, 154. 
Ha3me, Susanna, 145, 154, 155. 
Hayne, William, 145, 155, 162. 
Hayne, William E., 154. 
Hayne, William M., 154. 
Ha3mes, Calvin, 119. 
Haynes, Josiah, 118. 
Hazell, Mary, 232. 
Hazleton, Elizabeth, 231. 
Head, Sir Edmond, 222. 

Head, Lady , 222. 

Heap, Mary, 232. 
Henderson, James, 169. 
Henderson, Rev. James, 227. 
Henrie, Mary, 215. 
Henry, John Francis, 216. 

Henriond, Benjamin, 211. 

Hepworth, Thomas, 31, 32, 41, 4Z, 43, 

Herant, John, 139. 
Herchnecht, George, 215. 
Herriott, Robert, 234. 
Hesket, Mary, 163. 
Hewat, Alexander, 33, 37, 207. 
Hext, Alexander, 160. 
Hext, David, 233. 
Hext, Edward, 233. 
Hext, Elizabeth, 147. 
Hext, Hugh, 142. 
Hext, Joseph, 231. 
Hext, Philip, 147, 157. 
Hext, Philip (b. 1749), 147. 
Hext, Thomas, 147. 
Heysham, William, 143. 
Heyward, Col. Daniel, 225. 
Heyward, Daniel, Jr., 226. 
Heyward, James, 100, 101. 
Heyward, Nathaniel, 101. 
Hickman, Leon, 236. 
Hickman, Mary, 236. 
Hickman, Richard, 236. 
Higgins, Capt. George, 160. 
Hightower, John Millen, 180. 
Hill, John, 86, 138» 142. 
Hill, Richard, 19. 
Hill, Robert, 230. 
Hill, Thomas, 27. 
Hiltonhead, 159. 
Himeli, Bart. Hen., 167. 
Himeli, Mary, 167. 
Himmel, Lieut., 229. 
Hinds James, 168. 
Hirons, Simon, 226. 
Hirst, Benjamin, 237. 
Hispaniola, 81, 132. 
Hoff, Hester, 175. 
Hoff, William, 175. 
Hog Island Channel, 115. 
Hogs, 18. 

Holland, Sarah, 174. 
Holland, 3, 80. 

Holloway, Capt. Richard, 239. 
Holman, Joseph William, 152. 
Holman, Mary, 152 (2), 234, 235, 
Holman, Mary Ann Rachel, 152. 
Holman, Rebecca, 232. 
Holman, Thomas, 152 (2), 220, 235. 
Holmes, Ann, 233. 
Holmes, Elizabeth, 167, 169, 230. 
Holmes, Isaac, 160. 
Holmes, Isaac (d. 1763), 161. 
Holmes, John Bee, 112. 
Holmes, Susannah, 234. 
Holoway, Richard, 159. 
Holson, Christopher, 226. 



Holton, Thomas, 13, 244. 
Holzendorf, John Frederick, 198, 205, 

212, 216. 
Hooker, Thomas, 120. 
Hop (an Indian), 64. 
Hope, The, 115. 

Hopkinson, Miss Emma £., 180. 
Horses, 15. 

Horseshoe, The, 156, 157. 
Houser, Mary, 235. 
Howard, Rachel, 160. 
Howard, Simon, 123. 
Howarth, Col., 52, 165. 
Howarth, Mrs. Ann, 165. 
Howe, General, 51. 
Howell, Nathan, 119. 
Howe's History of the Presbyterian 

Church in S- C 28, 29, 174. 
Howes, Job, 88, 89. 141, 238. 
Howes, Sarah, 141. 
Hubbard, Thomas, 86, 139. 
Hubbard, William Osborne, 180. 
Hubble, Samuel, 118. 
Hudson, Mr., 76, 79. 
Huger, Benjamin, 167. 
Huger, Daniel, 14. 
Huger, Elizabeth, 165. 
Huger, Francis K., 184. 
Huger, Isaac, 235. 
Huger, Mary, 167. 
Hughes, Edward, 168. 
Hughes (Collector at Charles 

Town), 168. 
Huguenin, Abraham, 206, 217. 
Huguenin, Daniel, 208, 217. 
Huguenin, David, 208, 215, 217. 218. 
Huguenin, David (tht younger), 208. 
Huguenin, Marguerite, 206, 217. 
Huguenin, Susanne Jacot, 206. 
Huguenot Society of South Carolina 

Transactions of, 12, 14, 87. 
Hull, John, 118. 
Hull, Joseph, 147. 
Hull, William. 147. 
Humber, David Pierre, 217. 
Hume, Lieut. Alexander, 229. 
Hume, Ann, 159. 
Hume, Isabella, 234. 
Hume, Robert, 163. 
Hunscomb, Moses, 234. 
Hunsden, Roger, 85. 
Hunt, Elizabeth, 154, 163. 
Hunt, James, 119. 
Hunt, John, 136. 

Hunt, Joseph, 136. 147, 148, 154, 232. 
Hunt, Martha, 154. 
Hunt, Mary, 147, 154, 234. 
Hunt, Rebecca, 148. 
Hunt, Sarah, 147. 

Huston, John, 119. 

Hutchins, Capt. Joseph, 228. 

Hutchinson, Ann Holland, 147. 

Hutchinson, Charlotte, 149. 

Hutchinson, John Elias, 149, 150, 232. 

Hutchinson, Mary, 149, 150. 

Hutchinson, Mary Perry, 150. 

Hutchinson, Rebecca, 147, 148. 

Hutchinson, Thomas, 147, 148. 

Hutson, Ann, 154. 

Hutson, Mary, 235. 

Hutson, M. W., 154. 

Hutson, Richard, 154. 

Hutson, Thomas, 154. 

Hutson, Rev. William, 161. 

Hyatt, Anthony, 234. 

Hyde, Gov., 33. 

Hyrne, Edmund Massenbird, 151. 

Hyrne, Elizabeth, 147. 

Hyrne, Elizabeth Clark, 147. 

Hyrne, Henry, 148, 149, 150, 151, 232. 

Hyrne, Col. Henry, 147, 161, 230. 

Hyrne, Mary, 150, 151. 

Hyrne, Mary Ann, 148, 149. 150. 

Hyrne, Peter Girardeau, 150. 

Hyrne. Susan Belinger, 150. 

Immer, Rev. Abram, 163, 207. 

Immigrants, 196. 

Independent Church, Charles Town, 

Indian Traders. 43, 54-68. 
Indians, 26, 33-48, 51, 52, 54-68, 126. 
Indian Land, 126. 
Indigo, 7, 80. 
Ingler, Anna, 218. 
Inglerine. Anna, 214. 
Inglis, Claudia, 158. 
Inglis, George, 158, 222. 
Insurance. 5. 
loor, Catherine, 170. 
loor, John, 168. 
loor, William, 164. 
Ireland, George, 10. 
Ireland, Richard, 87. 
Isong, Hans Ulrick, 216. 
Izard, Elizabeth. 235. 
Izard, John, 234. 
Izard, Mrs. Ralph, 69, 70. 
Izard. Ralph. 69, 70. 88. 135, 141, 161, 

238, 243, 24a 

Jack, Capt., 37. 
Jackson, Capt. John. 25. 
Jackson. William. 156. 

{acksonboro Ferry. 28. 
acksonburgh, 156, 157, 230. 
Jacobs, Rev. Ferdinand, 180. 
acquett, James, 170. 



Jamaica, 16, 17, 81, 68, 157, 238, 239. 
James, King of England, 23. 
James Island, 72, 141, 158, 169. 
James Town, 23. 
Jannet, Jacob, 218. 
Jardon, Dawson, 180. 
Jarvis, Robert, 122. 
Jasper, Sergt., 229. 
Jasper, Sheldon, 123. 
Jaton, Anthony, 216, 217. 
Janard, Christopher, 142. 
Jay. Mr., 135. 

Jeanneret, Anne Valleton, (widow of 
Pierre), 208, 211. 

{eanneret, Henry, 208. 
eanneret, Jacques Abram, 208. 
Jeanneret, Jean Pierre, 208. 
Jeanneret, Marie, 208. 
Jeanneret, Marie Rose, 208. 
Jeanneret, Pierre, 208. 
Jcnbuck, John, 218. 
Jeffery, Joseph, 119. 
Jeffrys, Susannah, 231. 
Jenkms, B. W. Seabrook, 177. 
Jenkins, Caroline O., 177. 
Jenkins, Ch., 220. 
Jenkins, Dr. Edward D. C, 179. 
Jenkins, Dr. Edward E., 179. 
Jenkins, Eliza Isabella, 179. 
Jenkins, John, 176. 
Jenkins, John, Jr., 179. 
Jenkins, S., 69. 
Jenkins, Samuel, 174. 
Jenkins, Septimus Hamilton, 179. 
Jenkins, John, 122. 
Jennings, William, 175. 
Jenny, Langhorne, 120. 
Jersey, 98, 108. 
Jervey, Theodore D., 2. 

Jindra, Abraham, 215. 
oell, Ann Lee, 174. 
Johns Island 157, 159, 169, 179, 226. 

Johnson, Andrew, 161. 
ohnson, Archibald, 161. 
Johnson, President, 110 
Johnson, Joseph, 184. 
Johnson, Joseph, Traditions of the 

American Revolution, 110. 
Johnson, Sir Nathaniel, 139. 
jfohnson, (Sir Nathaniel), Governor, 

Johnson Robert, Governor of S. C, 34, 

58, 188. 189, 190, 191, 194, 198, 199, 

200, 201, 208. 

{ohnson, Sarah, 220. 
ohnson, William, 157, 165, 170. 
Johnston, Jacob, 231. 
ohnstone, William, 222. 
Joiner, Captain, 80, 114, 115. 

Joiner, Capt. John, 228. 
ones, Capt., 39. 
Jones, Major, 228. 
ones, Mrs., 148. 
Jones, Cadwallader, 259. 
Jones, Charles, 157. 

}ones, Ephraim, 123. 
ones, Griffith, 119. 
Jones. John, 161, 241, 242. 
Jones, John, (of Maryland), 122. 

Jones, John, (of Pennsylvania), 120. 
ones, John Paul, 93, 115, 134. 
Jones, Mary, 148. 
Jones, Mary Pyatt, 183. 
Jones, Maurice, 159. 
Jones, Rachel, 148. 
Jones, Thomas, 148, 231, 
Jones, Capt. Thomas, 170. 
Jones, William H., 183. 

Jordan. James, 167. 
orner, Emily, 174. 
Joulee, Esther, 150. 
oulec John, 149, 150, 232. 
Joulee, Martha, 149, 150. 

Jourdine, Theodore, 170. 
ustice, Thomas, 119. 

Kaill, Ludovick, 215. 

Keeling, Elizabeth, 84, 85, 86. 

Keeling, George, 85. 

Keeton, John, 122. 

Kehl, Lewis, 218. 

Keith, Rev. Alexander, 167. 

Keith, George, 107. 

Keith, Dr. William, 225. 

Kelly, Margaret, 232. 

Kelsall, Mrs., 127. 

Kemp, John, 119. 

Kemp, William, 121. 

Kennedy, James, 90. 

Kennedy, Richard, 123. 

Kennedy, William, 123. 

Kennerly, James, 124. 

Keowee, 55. 

Kershaw, Major Eli, 129. 

Kershaw District, S. C, 129. 

Kerslake, Mary, 232. 

Kerslake, Silas, 231. 

Khell, Loud wick, 215. 

King, Anna, 89.. 

King, Mrs. Ann. 238. 

King, Charles, 83, 84, 86, 87, 89, 139, 

140, 240. 
King,' Edward, 123. 
King Hancock (an Indian), 33. 
King, Judith, 14. 
Kinloch, Francis, 164, 23a 
Kinloch, Jennet, 232. 
Knox, , 120. 



Kohl, Anna Barbara, 210. 

Kohl, Anna Marill, 210. 

Kohl, Taquer, 210. 

Kohl, Luis, 210. 

Kohl, Margaritha, 210. 

Kohl, Maria Margaritha, 210. 

Kohl, Nicolas, 210. 

Kollock, Charles W., 2. 

Kreeps, John, 212. 

Kuffer, Anna Margarita, 209. 

Kiiffcr, Barbara, 210. 

KuflFer, Devall, 215. 

Kiiffer, Elizabeht Catarina, 210. 

Kuffer, Elissabeht Margaritt, 209. 

Kiiffer, Jaque, 209. 

Kuffer, Margaritt, 209. 

Kuffer, Mane Ottillia, 210. 

Kuffer, Theobald, 209, 214. 

Kiiffer, Theobald (the younger), 209. 

Kuiffer, David, 217. 

Kyrie, Sir R., 21. 

Labord, John, 215, 216. 

Lacey, Capt. James, 227. 

Lachlan, Col., 49. 

La Croix, Alexander, 211. 

Ladson, Mrs. Elizabeth, 174. 

Ladson, James, 14. 

Ladson, John. 16, 136, 142, 165. 

Ladson, Joseph, 231. 

Ladson, Margaret, 163. 

Ladson, Mary, 136. 

Ladson, Capt. Thomas, 226. 

Ladson, William, 227. 

Lafitte, Ann Judith, 179. 

Laffitte, Peter, 213. 215, 217. 

Lagayes, John, 214. 

Laine, Charles. 120. 

Laird, John, W. 

Laird, Sarah, 147. 

Lambert, Benjamin, 11. 

Lamboll, Benjamin, 13, 17. 19, 242. 

Lamboll, Mrs. E., 159. 

Lamboll, Thomas, 159, 221. 

Lamboll, Thomas, Jr., 162. 

Lambton, Mrs. Ann, 159. 

Lambton, Richard, 159, 224. 

Lance. Lambert, 169. 

Landgrave, patent of, 13. 

Lanericks, Margaret, 144. 

Lanericks, Robert, 244. 

Langford, Nichols, 226. 

Langley, Samuel. 14, 17, 86. 

Langworthy, John, 121. 

La Pierre, Matthew. 213. 

Lardant, James, 137. 

Lardant, Martha. 136, 137. 

La Roche. James, 239. 

Las, James de, 212. 

La Sade, Abram, 138. 

La Salle, Peter, 10, K % 242, 20. 

Lascells, Edward, 143. 

Lasman, John Martin, 216. 

Lastly. Charles. 230. 

Latham, Abigail, 184. 

Latham, Ann, 184. 

Latham, Caroline, 184^ 

Latham. Daniel, 184w 

Latham. John, 184. 

Latham, Rebecca, 184. 

Latham, Richard, 184. 

Latham, Sarah, 184. 

Laughton, John, 229. 

Laurence, William, 226. 

Laurens, Mrs. Helen, 159. 

Laurens, Henry, 49, 116, 124, 159, 171. 

Laurens, Henry, letters from Gillon to, 
3-9. 75-^82. 

Laurens, James, 49, 234. 

Laurens. Col Jc^n, 96. 

Laurens, John, letters to James Laurens, 

Laurens Collection (of Manuscripts), 

Laverick, Mrs. Margaret, 142. 

Laverick, Robert, 142. 

Law, John, 159. 

Lawes, John, 139. 

Lawson, John, 35. 

Lawrence, William. Jr., 121. 

Lawrence, William, 121. 

Lawson's Carolina, 35. 

Laybank, William, 248. 

Laye, Joseph, 216. 

Leaven, White, \2Z 

Lebas. Ann, 158. 

Lebas, John, 88, 139, 140. 

Lebert, John, 240. 

Lebray, Jane, 215. 

Lebray, Fanshaw. 215. 

Lebray, Twinet, 215. 

Le Chevallier, Pierre, or Peter, 15, 138, 
139. 242. 

Lee, Mr., 79, 135. 

Lee, General, 50, 51. 

Lee, Caroline L, 180. 

Lee, Gen. Charles, 114. 

Lee, Henry Barker, 180. 

Lee, (jen. Robert E., 71. 

Lee, Sarah Georgiana, 180. 

Lee, Thomas, 158. 

Lee, William States, Jr., 179. 

Lee, Rev. William States, Marriage re- 
cord kept by, 174^180. 

Legare, Daniel. 230. 

Legare, Mrs. Daniel, 226. 

Legare, John, 215. 

Legare, Solomon. 221, 227. 241, 243. 

Legare, Mrs. Solomen, 168. 



Legare» Thomas, 227. 

Leger, Col. Peter, 225, 234. 

Legge, Mrs. Edward, 166. 

Le Grand, Isaac, 12, 87. 

Leigh, Peter, 65, 6& 

Lejcau, Francis, 162. 

Lemoyn, John, 140. 

Le Noble, Henry, 14, 88^ 243. 

Le Roy, Abraham, 217. 

Le Sad, James, 237. 

Lessesne, Daniel, 168. 

Lesueur, Abraham, 137, 241, 242. 

Le Seurier, James, 243. 

Lewis, Ann, 235. 

Lewis, Francis, 216^ 

Lewis, Ledwick, 221. 

Library at Purrysburgh, 192. 

Liddle, Mrs. Margaret, 231. 

Liddlc, Mary, 233. 

Lier, John Rodolff, 214. 

Light wood, Edward, 157. 

Lincoln, General, 125, 207. 

Lind, Agnes, 163. 

Linder, John, 213. 

Lindo, Moses, 220. 

Lindrcy, Daniel, 84. 

Lindwaith, Mr., 80. 

Lining, Charles, 99. 

Linning, Dr. John, 160. 

Lisbon, & 92. 

Liston, Martha, 224. 

Little, Ann. 166. 

Little, Robert, 166. 

Livingston, Mr., 171. 

Livingston, George, 157, 165. 

Livingston, Samuel, 122. 

Livingston, William, 26, 3L 

Lloyd, Capt. John, 164. 

Lloyd, Caleb. 163. 

Lloyd, Rebecca, 164. 

Lloyd, Thomas, 163. 

Lloyd, William, 161. 166. 

Lockwood. Ann Murray. 179. 

Lockwood, Dorothy L., 177. 

Lockwood, Joshua W., 178. 

Lockwood, Dr. States Lee. 179. 

Logan, Benjamin S., 176. 

Logan, Georjre. 11, 17. 31, 43, 45, 84, 86, 

90. 170, 237, 241, 243. 
Lommas, George, 119. 
London, Colleton County, see Willtown. 
London, England, 55, 69, 96. 
London Manuscripts in the Office of the 

S. C. Historical Commission, 187, 188, 

189, 190, 192, 194, 195, 199, 200. 
Longuemare, Nicholas, 242, 243. 
Lord, Samuel, 159. 
Lords Proprietors, 20, 21, 22, 187, 188, 


Lorcy, Capt. Robert, 44. 

Loughton, Edward, 86, 88, 138, 139, 14a 

Lovell, Edward S., 177. 
Lowndes, Mrs. Ann, 160. 
Lowndes, James, 126. 
Lowndes, Rawlings, 160, 222. 
Lowndes, Rawlins, Letter to Henry 

Laurens, 171-173. 
Lus, Rafei de, 79. 
Lusk, James, 202. 
Luther, Peter, 234. 
Lutie, Peter, 216. 
Luxembourg Qaims, {^115. 
Luxembourg. Duke of, 92-93. 9S, 102L 

103, 104, 105. 
Luxembourg, Prince of, 93, 97, 98, 102L 

103. 104, 105. 
Lynch, Thomas, 224, 232. 
Lynn, David, 221. 
Lynn, Valentine. 233, 234. 
Mace, Capt Thomas, 169. 
Mackey, Col. Alexander, 37. 
McKensie, Capt John, 162. 
McKenzie, John, 167. 
Mackensie, Robert, Jr., 154. 
Mackingham. John, 123. 
Macqueen, John, 161. 
Macon, Ga., 7Z 
Magrath, Andrew Gordon, 178. 
Mahoney, Ann, 150. 
Mahoney, Dennis, 150 (2), 152, 233. 
Mahoney, Florence. 150. 
Mahoney, Mary, 152. 
Mahoney, Sarah, 150 (2), 152. 
Maine, William, 223. 
Maine, Willian^, Jr., 222. 
Malkey (or Mattey), Abraham, 214. 
Mallett, Gideon, 215. 
Malliet, Pierre, 218. 
Maltby, Rev. John, 167. 
Manigault, Charles I, 69, 70. 
Manigault, Peter, 138, 170. 232, 24Z 
Manigault, Mrs. Peter, 169. 
Manigault family, 69. 
Manumitting of Slaves, 50. 
Manwaring, Martha, 240. 
Manwaring, Mary, 240. 
Manwaring, Thomas, 240. 
Maps, 30. 
Maps of the Tuscarora Expeditions, 33» 

Marbois , 105. 

Marden, Nicholas, 17, 240. 
Marion. Benjamin, 13, 225. 
Marion, S. C, 110. 
Marion District, 175. 
Markham, James, 124. 
Marklay, Thomas. 175. 



Marlborough, Duke of. Z7. 
Marlborough's army, 205. 
Marlcy, John, 169. 
Marr, John James, 214. 
Marriner, John, 141. 
Mar's Bluff, 161. 
Marshall, Dr. Francis, 226. 
Marshall, George, 164. 
Marshall, Mary, 226. 
Marshall, Ralph, 237. 
Mashow, Henry, 232. 
Martc or Marthe. Abram, 209. 211. 
Marten, Findla, 85, 142, 236, 242, 244. 
Martin, Mrs. Hawkins, 224. 
Martin. John, 120. 

Martin, Rev. John (Minister at Will- 
town), 221. 
Martin, Sarah, 230, 233. 
Martine, Jacob, 160. 
Martinico, 132. 
Maryland, 121. 
Mashow, Henry, 232. 
Mashow, Mrs. Susannah, 234. 
Mason, William, 122. 
Massacre, 31. 
Ma^sey, Alex, 122. 
Massey, Joseph, 231. 
Massan, Mary, 213. 
Masson, Peter, 214. 
Matamuskeets, The, 40. 
Mathews, Miss Ann, 161. 
Mathewes, Mrs. Ann, 164. 
Mathewes, Benjamin, 225. 
Mathews, George, 157. 
Mathews, Isaac, 157. 
Mathews, John, 164, 220. 
Mathewes, Sarah, 220, 224. 
Matthews, Mr., 76, 79. 
Matthewes, Mrs. Ann, 161. 
Matthewes, Anthony. 161. 
Matthewes, John, 220. 
Matthews, Mary, 176. 
Matthews, Maurice, 20. 
Matthews, William, 164. 
Mattey (or Malkey), Abraham, 214. 
Matthous, George, 234. 
Maul. Capt. William, 37. 38, 39. 
Maverick. John, 138. 
May, Archibald Hamilton, 156. 
May, Jackson Skirving, 148. 
May, James, 148. 
May, Mary, 148. 
May. River, 127. 

Maybank. Andrew, 152, 155 (2). 234. 
Maybank, Andrew, (b. 1768), 152. 
Maybank, David. 13& 148, 156, 232. 241. 
Maybank, Hannah, 148, 155. 
Maybank, Joseph, 155. 
Maybank, Mary, 148. 

Maybank, Martha, 152, 155 (2). 
Maybank. Susannah, 232. 
Mayerhoffer (or Mayorholser), John 

Henry, 214, 216. 
Mayrant, Mrs. Ann, 163. 
Mayrant, Major John, 163, 164. 
Mayrant, Lieut. John, 80, 114, 115. 
Mazyck, A., 109. 
Mazyck, Isaac, 159, 162. 
Mazyck, John, 166. 
Mazyck, Mrs. Mary, 162. 
Mazyck, Peter, 168. 
Mazyck, Paul, 248. 
Mazyck, Stephen. 158. 
Mazyck, William, 222. 
McAlpine, James, 222. 
M'Call, Mrs. John, Jr., 170. 
M'Call, Sarah, 235. 
McCants, Hannah, 148 (2), 149, 150. 
McCants, James, 148. 
McCants, Joseph, 149. 
McCants, Thomas, 150. 157. 
McCants, William, 148 (2), 149, 150, 

177, 231. 
McCarley, Andrew, 231. 
McCollough, John, 233. 
McCord, Jean, 230. 
McCrady, Edward, Z7, 
McEnhener, Nich., 122. 
M'Gilvray, Farquhar, 159. 
M'llhaney, William, 124. 
Mcintosh, General, 228. 
Mclntoshes, The, 49. 
McKewan, Robert, 118, 163. 
McKewn, Robert, Jr., 162. 
McLeod, Rev. Mr., 158. 
McLeod, Elizabeth, 177. 
McLeod, Robert, 157. 
McNeil, Dr. Archibald, 165, 220. 
M'Mullen, Colin, 121. 
M'Muller, William. 120. 
M'Neal, Archibald, 119. 
McNeil, Mrs. Mary. 165. 
McPherson, Mrs., 147. 
M'Pherson, James, 161. 
McPherson, Capt. James, 166. 
Medicine, 12. 
Medley, The. 78 
Medlicott, Edmund, 84, 87. 
Meetinghouse (Presbyterian), 28. 
Meggett, James, 177. 
Mellichamp, Thomas, 170. 
Melvin, Sarah, 232. 
Melvin, Thomas, 160. 
Memine, Augustine, 90. 
Memminger, C. C, 110. 
Mengersdorff, Anna Sibilla, 210. 
Mengersdorff, Elizabeht, 210. 
Mengersdorff, Hendrick, 210. 



MengersdorflF, Sarg., 210. 
Mepkin, 50. 

Mererhotfer, Henry, 217. 
Mcrret, John Philip, 214. 
Metsger, Jacob, 216. 
Meuron, Abraham, 192, 212. 
Meuron, Jacob Henry, 209. 

Mey, , 4. 

Michael, John. 216, 217 (2). 
Michell, Louis, 37, 213. 
Michie Alexander, 146, 170, 221. 
Michie, Henrietta, 146, 170. 
Michie, Hon. James, 160. 
Michie, Mrs. Kenneth, 230. 
Mickie, William, 167. 
Mickle, Maj. Joseph, 129. 
Middle Temple, 102. 
Middleton, Arthur, 141. 
Middleton, Charles, 229. 
Middleton, Henry, 160, 168. 
Middleton, John Izard, 110. 
Middleton, Mrs. Mary, 160, 168, 223, 

Middleton, Sarah, 162. 
Middleton, Thomas, 163, 223, 228. 
Middleton William, 156, 165. 
Mikell, Eliza Adeline. 177. 
Mikell, Emma C, 178. 
Mikell, Emily H., 179. 
Mikel, Ephraim, 155. 
Mikel, Ephraim, (son of Ephraim), 

Mikell, Mrs. Hesse M. W., 178. 
Mikell, I. Jenkins, 180. 
Mikell, Margaret, 176. 
Mikell, Martha Hardy, 177. 
Mikell, Mary, 178. 
Mikell, Sarah, 177. 
Mikell, Thownsed, 174. 
Miles, Ann, ISO. 
Miles, Deborah, 148, 234. 
Miles, Deborah Jones, 148. 
Miles, Elizabeth. 150, l5l (2). 
Miles, James, 220. 
Miles, Jeremiah, 148, 231. 
Miles, John, 16, 169. 
Miles, Joseph, 150, 151 (2). 
Miles, Capt. Joseph, 166. 
Miles, Mary, 162. 
Miles, Sarah Hartley, 151. 
Miles, Capt. Silas, 163. 
Miles, Sophia, 151. 
Miles, William, 122. 
Militia, 51. 
Mill Prison, American Prisoners at, in 

1782, 116-124. 
Millar, Mary, 154. 
Miller, Rev., 168. 
Miller, Catherine, 233. 

Miller, Isaac, 240. 

Miller, James, 101. 

Miller, John Jacob, 215. 

Miller, Jonathan, 31. 

Miller, Nathan, 119. 

Miller, Nathaniel, 119. 

Miller, Col. Stephen, 223. 

Miller, William, 227. 

Milligan, Capt. Jacob, 114, 115. 

Mills, Statistics of South Carolin:., 207. 

Milner, Job, 224, 233. 

Milner, Mary, 22A. 

Mingersdorffe, George, 216. 

Minor, Elnathan, 119. 

Miraller, de, Mr., 75. 

Mississippi, 61. 

Mitchell, George, 119. 

Mitchell, Hannah, 231. 

Mitchell, John, 170. 

Mitchell, Col. Louis, 37. 

Mitchell, Nelson, 110. 

Mitchell, Philip, 122. 

Mitchell, Sarah, 170. 

Mitchell, William, 231. 

Mobile, Ala., 178. 

MoK, John, 214. 

Molineux, Frederick, 121. 

Molineaux, Harriet Maria, 152. 

Molineaux, Sarah Lowder, 152. 

Molineaux, Thomas, 152. 

Mon Clar, Andre Alba testier De, 213. 

Money, 8. 

Mon gin, Daniel, 212. 

Mongin, Francis, 212. 

Monroe, Mary, 233. 

Montague, Due de, 201. 

Montagu, Lord Charles, 146l 

Montague, Samuel, 212. 

Montmorenci, Charles Anne Sigis- 
mond, Duke de Luxembourg, 92. 

Montmorenci, Francois de, Comte de 
Boutcville, 92. 

Montmorenci, Francois Henri de, 92. 

Montmorenci-Luxembourg, Anne 
Charles Si^smond, Duke de, 91. 

Montmorenci-Luxembourg, Anne Paul 
Emanuel Sigismond, Chevalier, 92, 
93. 99, 106. 

Montmorenci-Luxembourg, Charles I 
Emanuel Sigismond, Duke de Lux- 
embourg, 92. 102. I 

Moody, Catherine, 159. 

Moore, Elizabeth. 159. 

Moody, Joseph, 159. I 

Moore, Capt., 38. 

Moore, George, 121. I 

Moore, Tames, 14, IS, 34, 89, 139, 141, 
142, 238, 244. 

Moore, Col. James, 34, 35, 36> 37, 38, i 



39, 40. 44. 46, 47, 48. 
Moore. John, 143, 159. 
Moore, Mary. 10. 
Moore, Matthew, 215. 
Moore. Maurice, 34. 37, 40, 41. 
Moore, Roger, 37. 
Moore. Thomas, 10, 86. 
Moran, Edward. 168. 
Morgan, Elizabeth, 87, 88. 
Morgan, John. 230. 240, 241. 
Morgan, Margaret. 240, 241. 
Morgan, Richard, 88. 
Morris, Margaret, 136. 
Morris. Melina Melissa, 180. 
Morris, Robert. 117. 
Morris Island, 72. 
Morrison. John. 123. 
Morton, John, 120, 239. 
Morton. Joseph, 21, 22, 23, 31. 
Morton, Landgrave, 24. 
Mosby, John S., 71. 
Motte, Col., 224. 
Motte, Ann, 169. 
Motte, Catherine, 224. 
Motte, Maj. Charles, 229. 
Motte, Isaac, 169. 

Motte, Jacob, (public treasurer), 159. 
Motte, Hannah, 232. 
Motett, Dr. Lewis, 228. 
Moultrie, Mr., 112. 
Moultrie, Col., 223. 
Moultrie, General. 207. 
Moultrie, James, 162. 
Moultrie, John, M. D., 167, 235. 
Moultrie, William, 51. 
Moultrie, The General, 171, 172 
Moxell, John, 146. 
Moxell, Mary, 146. 
Moytoy (an Indian), 60. 
Muckenfus, Michael, 228. 
Mulberry Battery, 38. 
Mull, William, 121. 

Mullins, , 110. 

MuIIins, Miss, 233. 

Mullins, Elizabeth, 147, 165. 

Mullins, George, 165, 220. 

Mullins, John, 147. 

Mullins, Mary, 243. 

Mullins. Philip, 243. 

Mullins, William, 147. 

Murders (on the Frontier), 51, 52. 

Muron. Abraham, 212. 

Murphy, Catherine, 230. 

Murphy, Hannah, 231. 

Murray, Lad^ Ann, 165. 

Murray, David, 166. 

Murray, George, 168. 

Murray, John, 121, 220. 

Murray, Marcelline R., 179. 

Murray, Margaret, 176. 
Murray, Martha Ann, 179. 
Murray, Susan, 177. 
Murray, William M., 176, 179. 
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 69. 
Music Masters, 162. 
Myer, Gasper, 213. 

Nairne, Thomas, 84. 

Nantes, 9, 131. 

Narramore, Richard, 143, 237. 

Nash, Elizabeth, 232. 

Nash, Gilbert, 230. 

Nash, Hannah, 233. 

Nash, William, 138. 

Naylor, William Rigby, 170. 

Neef, John, 218. 

Negro insurrection, 28. 

Negroes, 14, IS, 28, 49, 50, 51, 125, 161, 

Neilson, Maj. Mathew, 166. 
Nequasse, 55. 
Neufvilles, Messrs., 49. 
Neuse River, 33, 34, 35. 
Netman, Jean Rudolph, 212, 213. 
Neufchatel, 187. 
Nevin, Isabella, 166. 
Nevin, Isabella, 166 (2). 
Nevin, John, 166 (2). 
New England, 22, 239. 
New Jersey, 101, 119. 
New London, see Willtown. 
New Providence, 10, 239. 
New Town, 24. 
New Town Creek, 141. 
New York, 119. 
Newall, Thomas, 211. 
Newbern, N. C, 34. 35, 37. 
Newbould, Ann, 149. 
Newbould, John, 149, 232. 
Newbould, Sarah, 149. 
Newcastle, Duke of, 194, 198. 
Newmarket, 158. 
Newton. Isaac, 233. 
Newton, Mary. 230. 
Neyle, John. 164. 
Neyle. Samson. 230. 
Nichols, Ann, 152 (2). 
Nichols. David. 215. 
Nichols, Mary. 152, 233. 
Nichols. Samuel, 152 (2). 
Nichols, Samuel, (b. 1769), 152. 
Nicholson. Francis. 220. 
Nightingale. Thomas, 158. 
Ninety-Six. 63, 163, 166. 
Noble, Thomas, 140. 142. 
Nombre, Martha, 241, 242. 
Norman, William, Jr., 236. 
Norramore, Capt. Richard, 237, 143. 



North, Edward, 184. 

North Birmingham Land Company, 7. 

North Carolina, 33, 34, 35, 36, 40, 41, 

42. 43, 44, 45, 46. 123, 175. 
North Carolina Records, 34, 36, 40. 
North, Capt. John, 155. 
North, John. 147, 148. 
North, Joseph, 122. 
North, Mary, 11. 
North, Mary, 147. 148. 
North, Richard, 170. 
North, Susannah, 147. 
Notre Dame, 75, 77, 78, 114. 
Novice, Malachi, 123. 
Norton, John, 142. 
Nowell, William, 10, 241. 

Oakatees, 123. 

Oakettee Creek, 185. 

Odingsells, Charles, 86. 87, 88, 136, 137, 

139, 140, 141, 142, 160, 240, 241. 
Oglethorpe, James, 201. 
Ogier, Thomas, 101, 105. 
Oldfield, Mary, 234. 
Oldmixon's Carolina, 2A, 27, 30. 
Oliver, Elizabeth, 228. 
Oliver, James, 228. 
Oliver's History of Antigua, 164. 
Olustee, Fla., 72. 

O'Neal, Bench and Bar of S. C, 101. 
Orangeburg, 226. 
Ordinary, Court of, Province of South 

Carolina, see Court of Ordinary, 

Province of S. C. 
Orr, James, 232. 
Ortellier, Daniel Jacob, 216. 
Osborne, Mary, 231. 
Osgood's American Colonies in j/th 

Century, 33. 
Ostome, Philip, 143. 
Oswald, James, 233. 
Oswald, Robert, 231. 
Oswald, William, 231. 
Oswell, Deane, 118. 
Oswell, William, 237. 
Oukayula (an Indian), 67. 
Outerbridge, Mrs. Ann, 164. 
Outerbridge, White, 164. 
Overy, Isaac, 217. 
Owens, Samuel, 121. 

Packrow, Elizabeth, 170. 

Padgitt. or Pagett, John, 83, 84, 235, 

Page, Esther, 241. 
Page, Mary Esther, 241. 
Palachuccola Fort, 189, 190. 
Palatines, 37, 195. 
Pallas, The. 134. 

Pallons, Anthony, 214. 

Palmer, Col, John, 27. 

Palmer, Mary, 231. 

Palmer, Thomas, 143, 237. 

Pamlico River, 36. 

Panting, Rev. Thomas, 167. 

Paris, 80, 131. 

Parker, John, 16, 17, 87. 

Parker, George, 224. 

Parker, Sarah, 17. 

Parker, Thomas, 102. 

Parker, Walter, 118. 

Parker's Ferry, 145, 245. 

Parliament of S. C, 20. 

Parnham, John, 221. 

Parris, Col., 194. 

Parris, Alexander, 10, 44, 84, 87, 89, 

90, 143, 237. 
Parrish, Aaron, 121. 
Parsons, Mrs.. 53. 
Parsons, George, 227. 
Parsons, Hon. James, 228. 
Pasquereau, Lewis, 89, 90, 242. 
Paull, George. 238. 
Pawley, Col., 62. 
Payne, Ephriam. 233. 
Payne. Marmaduke, 32. 
Peacock, Ann, 158. 
Peacomb, Elizabeth, 230. 
Pearce, Rev. Mr., 167. 
Pearce. John, 118. 
Peartree, James, 138, 14(2. 
Peedee River. 33, 34, 35. 
Pelot, Rev. Francis, 221. 
Pelow, Jonas, 214. 
Pemberton, Thomas; 120. 
Pendarvis, Ann, 15. 
Pendarvis, John, 14, 15. 
Pendarvis, Joseph. 14, 16, 87. 
Pendarvis, Mary, 15. 
Penn, Mr., 82. 
Pennsylvania, 119, 180. 183. 
Pennsylvania, University of, 184. 
Penny, John, 230. 
Pepin, Mary Ann, 242. 
Pepin, Paul, 242. 
Perdriau, Louis, 14, 86. 
Perkins, John, 223. 
Perkins, Samuel, 161. 
Perkins, Sarah, 1651 
Peronneau, Alexander, 220. 
Peronneau, Alexander, Jr.. 170. 
Peronneau. Ann M., 154. 
Peronneau, Arthur. 145, 146^ 221, 235. 
Peronneau, Elizabeth, 146. 
Peronneau, Mrs. Henry, 164. 
Peronneau, Isaac, 168. 
Peronneau, James, 225. 
Peronneau, Mary, 145, 146, 168. 



Peronneau, Samuel, 165. 
Perriman, Mary, 90, 91. 
Perriman, Thomas, 91. 
Perriman. William, 10, 90. 91- 
Perrotet, John Peter. 214, 215. 
Perry. B. F-, 110. 
Perry, Dr. Benjamin Lucas, 185. 
Perry, Fabricus, M. D., 174. 
Perry, Josiah, 175. 
Perry, Mrs. Josiah, 167. 
Perry, Mary E., 175. 
Perry, Rosamond, 169. 
Perryman, Ann, 154. 
Perryman, Benjamin, 154. 
Perryman, Elizabeth, 154. 
Perryman, James, 154. 
Peter, John, 223. 
Peter. William, 11. 
Peter, (a ship), 193. 
Peters, William, 240. 
Petrie, Alexander, 156, 165. 
Petrie, George, Jr., 175. 
Pharoah. Isaac, 123. 
Philadelphia, 51, 72, 134, 156. 
Philips, Timothy, 222. 
Phillips, Luther, lia 
Phillipps, Mary, 11. 
Phillips, Richard, 11, 86. 
Fiarsh. Hugett, 217. 
Richard, Charles Jacob, 214. 
Pichon, Mr., 105. 

Pickering, , 173. 

Pickering, Charles. 122. 

Pickering, Mary, 228. 

Pickering, Timothy, 102. 108. 

Pierce (or Pearse), C»pt., 37. 

Pillans, Mary. 154. 157. 

Pillans, William. 154, 156. 

Pillans, Dr. William, 157, 164. 

Fillet, Daniel, 215. 

Pinckney, Mr., 112. 

FincVney, Mrs., 156. 

Pinckney, Deborah, 151. 152. 

Finckney, Elizabeth. 151, 165. 

Pinckney, Gustavus M., 2. 

Pinckney, Mrs. Hopson. 222. 

Pinckney, Roger, 165, 223. 

Pinckney, Ruth, 159. 

Pinckney, Thomas, 2, 158. 

Pinckney, William, 151. 152, 159, 163, 

Pmckney, William Cotesworth, 152. 
Pindle, Gassaway. 121. 
Pinnell, Abell, 213. 
Pitts, William, 123. 
Plavs performed in Charleston, 1773- 

1774 (List of). 185-186. 
Pleir. John Rodolph, 215. 
Plymouth. Eng., 80, lia 

Poinsett, Mrs. Catherine, 221. 

Poinsett, Elisha, 166, 221. 

Poinsett, Sarah, 242. 

Poitevin, Anthony, 242, 243. 

Pollock, President, 33, 35, 39, 40. 

Pollock, Col. Thomas, 47. 

Polly, The, 171. 

Pon Pon River, 30, 125. 157. 

Poole. George, 122. 

Poole, Jane, 152. 

Poole, Mary Clifford, 152. 

Poole, Thomas. 152. 158. 

Poole, William, 138, 163. 

Pope, Edward, 13. 

Pope, Tohn. 176. 

Pope, Joseph Y.. 179. 

Popell, Mr., 15. 

Popell, Elizabeth, 85. 

Popell, William, 10, 15, 16, 87, 140. 

Porcher, Charlotte Mary Ann, 158, 165. 

Porcher, Paul, 226. 

Porcher, Samuel, 149. 

Port Royal, 40, ICO. 

Porter, Edward, 121. 

Porter, Matthew, 31. 

Fort Royal Island, 156. 

Porter, William D., 109. 

Porto Rico, 81. 

Portsmouth, 134. 

Portugal, 98, 102. 

Fostell, Ann, 148 (2), 149, 150. 

Fostell, Benjamin, 149. 

Postell, Elizabeth, 150. 

Fostell, James. 148 (2), 149, 150, 169, 

Postell, Jane. 153. 
Postell, John, 148. 153. 
Fostell, Mrs. John. 
Fostell, John Clifford, 153. 
Fostell, Mary. 150. 
Fou, Gavin, 222. 
Powder, 8. 
Powder Magazine at Charles Town, 

Powell, Elisha, 122. 
Powell, Hon. George Gabriel, 227. 
Foyas, John Lewis, 212. 
Pratt, James, 121. 
Fray, Samuel. 143. 

Presbyterian Church, at Beech Hill, 174. 
Presbyterian Church at Charles Town, 

Presbyterian Church at Willtown, 27, 28. 
Frevost, General, 29, 125, 207. 
Friber, or Fryber. Christian. 58-61. 
Price, Jane (Widow of Rice Price), 

Price, Lewis, 86. 
Price, Rice, 212. 



Primatt, Humphrey, 88, 243. 

Prince Fredenck's Parish, 163, 170. 

Prince Williams, 128. 

Prince William's Parish. 125. 157. 220. 

Pringle, John Julius. 112. 

Pringle, Robert, 223. 

Prioleau, Elijah, 158. 

Prioleau. Elisha. 90, 138. 139, 241, 24Z 

Prioleau, Elizabeth, 231. 

Prioleau, Hext, 228. 

Prioleau, Jane, 225. 

Prioleau, John, 225. 

Prioleau. Providence, 222. 

Prioleau. Samuel. Sr.. 222. 

Prisoners of War, 173. 

Priss, William, 123. 

Prioleau, Magdalen, 165. 

Proctor, Mrs., 147. 

Proctor, Ann. 164. 

Property Men, 52. 

Proprietors, see Lords Proprietors. 

Prosper, The. 115. 

Prouty, Charles. 140. 

Providence (Island of). 90, 94. 

Provincial Council, 194, 196, 201. 

Prudhomme. Antoine, 87. 

Pryce, Lewis. 10. 

Public Record Office, England, 34. 

Puckly. Joseph, 240. 

Pulaski. Count. 229. 

Pulaski's Legion. 229. 

Puney. Joseph, 121. 

Purry, Monsieur. 209. 

Purry. Charles. 197. 199, 205. 213. 

Purry. Jean Pierre. 187-219. 

Purry, John Randoloh, 205. 

Purry, Rodolph. 213. 

Purry Family, 126. 186. 

Purrysburgh, 187-219. 

Purrysburgh (a ship), 193. 

Quakers, 137. 

Quaker Buryinsr-ground, King Street, 

Charleston, 184. 
Quash, Robert, 168. 
Queen of France (continental ship of 

war), 117. 
Quinch. Lewis, 213. 
Quintyne, Elizabeth, 84. 
Quintyne. Mrs. Elizabeth, 83, 84. 
Quintyne. Henry. 84. 
Quintyne. Jane, 84. 
Quintyne. Martha. 83. 
Quintyne, Mary. 84. 
Quintyne. Richard, 83, 84. 
Quintyne, Richard (of London), 84. 

Rachie, Urich, 217. 
Rae, John, 169. 

Rae, Rev. John. 161. 

Ramsay, Dr., 223. 

Ramsay, David, 37. 

Ramsey, James. 13. 

Ramsay, Sabiner, 223. 

Randall, Robert. 168. 

Randall, Sarah, 228. 

Randolph, The. 114, 171-173. 

Rangers. 49. 

Rantowle. Alexander. 227. 

Rantowle. Helen, 227. 

Rantowle, James, 223. 

Rantowle's Creek, 245. 

Raper, Robert. 228. 

Rathburn. John Peck, lia 

Rattray, Mrs. Helen, 224. 

Rattray, Jordan. 161. 

Rattray. Mair. 230. 

Rattlesnake, The, 114. 

Raven, John. 162. 

Raven, William. 234. 

Ravenal, Daniel. 221. 

Ravenel, Rene. 12, 87, 139. 

Rawlins. Edward, 86. 87. 89, 239. 

Rawlings, Susannah, 143. 

Read, J. Harleston, 110. 

Reading, William. 232. 

Recard, Sarah. 177. 

Reck, Jacob. 214. 

Recordon. Pierre Louis, 211. 

Reene, John. 143. 

Reese, John. 143. 

Reese. Rev. Oliver, 222. 

Reeve. Lewis, 221. 

Resrulars (Continental establishment), 

Reid, Mr., 49. 
Reid. Elizabeth. 150. 
Reid. James, 157. 227. 
Reid. Dr. James. 150. 151, 152, 234. 
Reid. Mary. 151. 
Reid. Susannah. 150, 151. 152. 
Reid. Susannah (b. 1768). 152. 
Remington, Jane. 220. 
Remington. John, 220, 222. 
Remond. Jeremiah. 216. 
Rensford. John, 241. 
Revolution of 1719, 34. 
Revolution, the American, 129. 130. 
Revout, Gabriel Francois, 212. 
Reymond, Joseph. 211. 
Reynolds. Henrietta. 177. 
Rhett. E. Lowndes. 248. 
Rhett. Mrs. Sarah, 89. 90. 237, 243. 
Rhett. William, 89. 248. 
Rhimer. Robert. 142. 143, 237. 
Rhode Island. 118. 158. 
Richard, Adriane. 209. 
Richard, James. 192. 193. 211. 215. 
Richardson, Elizabeth, 225. 



Richmond, Va., 71. 

Richmond Locomotive Works, 71. 

Richourgh, Qiarles, 166. 

Rider, Francis, 139. 

Riger, Anna Barbara, 210. 

Riger, Catarina, 210. 

Riger, Janett Ottallia, 210. 

Riger. Michael, 210. 

Riger, Nicolas, 210. 213. 

Rigg. Alexander, 167. 

Ri^fhton, Elizabeth, 167. 

Ring, John, 216. 

Ripley, Paul. 123. 

Risbec, James. 142, 143, 236, 238, 239. 

Rivers, Mr., 125. 

Rivers, Ann, 231. 

Rivers, Charles, 164. 

Rivers, Isaac, 225. 

Rivers, John. 234. 

Rivers, Mrs. Margaret. 85. 

Rivers, Nehemiah. 158. 

Rivers, Mrs. Rebecca, 164. 

Rivers, Col. Robert, 164. 

Rivers, Sarah, 224. 

Rivers, Thomas. 224. 

Rivers, William, 169. 

Rivers, William James, 34. 

Rixons, James. 25. 

Rivers, William. 17. 19. 

Roads, Commissioners of, 24. 

Robarts, John, 231. 

Robarts, Robert, 230. 

Robert. Josu^. 208, 217. 

Robert, Josu^, (the younger), 208. 

Robert. Marie Madeleine, 208. 

Roberts, David. 215. 

Roberts, Capt. Benjamin, 168. 

Roberts, Lt. Col. Daniel, 229. 

Roberts. Mary. 234. 

Roberts, Col. Owen, 228. 

Roberts, Dr. William. 224. 

Robertson, Andrew. 226, 234. 

Robertson, Helen, 226. 

Robertson. James, 121. 

Robespierre, 97. 

Robeson, Captain. 80. 

Robinson. Ann. 234. 

Roch, John Jacob. 215. 

Roche, Francis, 164. 

Roche. Jordan. 161. 

Rodney, Admiral. 116. 

Rolinson, Daniel, 11, 12. 

Rolinson. Mary, 11, 12. 

Roper, William, 168. 

Rose, Esther. 224. 

Rose, Hugh, 212, 217. 

Rose, John, 224. 

Rose, Priscilla, 15. 

Rose, the Misses, 165. 

Rose, John, 228. 

Rose, Robert, 227. 

Rose, Susannah. 228. 

Rose, Thomas, 11. IS, 17, 24, 86, 138, 142. 

Rosier, Peter, 139. 

Ross, Leona, 72. 

Ross, Mary, 235. 

Round. O. 156, 157. 

Roupell, George, 231. 

Rout, Mary. 225. 

Rowand. Charles Elliott, 246. 

Rowand, Henrietta, 246. 

Rowand, Henrietta Sommers, 246. 

Rowand, Mary, 246. 

Rowand. Robert. 246. 

Rowand, Robert, the younger, 246. 

Rowland, Philip, 139. 

Roux, Capt., 229. 

Royal Society of London, 93. 

Royal Society of Medicine, 93. 

Royer, Noah, Jr., 11, 136, 137. 

Rugely, Rowland, 224. 

Russ, Andrew, 14. 

Russell, Daniel, 123. 

Russell, William. 11, 242. 

Rutherford, Brigadier, 52. 

Rutledge, Mr., 112. 

Rutledge, Governor, 134. 

Rutledge, Andrew, 160, 168, 220. 

Rutledge, John, 95, 96. 

Rutledge, Rebecca, 220. 

Rymer, Mrs. Elizabeth, 233. 

Rymer, Robert, 142, 143. 

Sacheverell, Thomas, 87. 

Sack, John, 119. 

Salisbury, 118. 

Salley, Alexander S., Jr., 2, 10, 73-74, 

13^ 236. 
Salley, A. S., Jr., Marriage Notices in 

the South Carolina Gazette, 164. . 
Saluda, 63, 64. 
Salvador, Mr., 52. 
Sama, La, 210. 
Sanders, Ann, 148. 
Sanders, Charles, 148. 
Sanders, Derrill, 178, 
Sanders, Elizabeth, 147. 
Sanders, Elizabeth Clark, 230. 
Sanders, Henry, 248. 
Sanders, Lieut. John, 10. 
Sanders, John, 155. 
Sanders, Joseph, 147, 148. 
Sanders, Lambert, 139, 140. 
Sanders, Margaret, 222. 
Sanders, Mrs. Mary, 233. 
Sanders, Sarah, 14/. 
Sanders, Samuel, 230. 
Sanders, William, 10. 



Sanders, William, (b. 1749), 155. 

Sanders, William, (b. 1774), 155. 

Sandford, Riscombe, 118. 

Sands, James, 158. 

Sandy Hill plantation, 245. 

Sansober, Mr., 217. 

Santee, 226, 229. 

Santee River, 34. 

Sarrazin, Mrs., 228. 

Sarrazin, Mrs. Jonathan, 162. 

Sarrazin, Moreau, 161. 

Sartine, Mr. de, 131, 132, 133. 

Sauce, David, 214. 

Saure" Miles, 117. 

Saussy, David, 217. 

Savage, John, 224. 229. 

Savage, William, 226. 

Savannah, 72, 99, 125, 159, 187, 205, 245. 

Savannah River, 192. 

Savineau, Nathaniel, 228. 

Savy, John, 195. 

Saxapahaw River, 35. 

Saxby, George, 194. 

Saxby, William, Jr., 194. 

Saxe Gotha, 228. 

Saxon, Samuel, 138. 

Shenckingh, Bernard, 85, 86, 87. 

Schenckingh, Bernard, (son of above), 
85, 86, 87. 

Schenckingh, Mrs. Elizabeth, 85, 86. 

Schermerhorn, Arnout, 223, 224. 

Schermerhorn, Mary, 224. 

Schetfley, John Lewis, 216. 

Schly, Mrs. John S., 72. 

Schools, 27. 

Schwab, Rev. John Christopher Ern- 
est, 169. 

Scott, Agnes, 225. 

Scott, Elizabeth, 220. 

Scott, Mary Tranquil, 174. 

Scott, Patrick, 83. 

Scott, Susannah, 164. 

Scott, William, 220, 225. 

Scott, Capt. William, 32. 

Seabrook, Ephraim Mikell, 176. 

Seabrook, George Washington, 177. 

Seabrook, John, 238. 

Seabrook, John A., 176. 

Seabrook, John P. L., 174. 

Seabrook, Josephine, 179. 

Seabrook, Mary, 234. 

Seabrook, Robert, 238. 

Seabrook, Robert E., 180. 

Seabrook, William B., 177. 

Seaman, George, 157, 161. 

Seaman, Mrs. Mary, 161. 

Secretary of State, office of, 26-30. 

Sedgwick, Robert, 31. 

Seewee, 238. 

Seiler, Michael, 233. 

Sellsby, John, 90. 

Senneca, 52. 

Serapis, The, 115. 

Serran, Marquise de, 98, 102. 

Seymour, Stephen, 114. 

Shaflfele, Henry. 213. 

Shairy, John, 120. 

Sharp, James, 148, 158, 230. 

Sharp, Joseph, 155. 

Sharp, Mary, 148, 155. 

Sharpies, Ann, 152. 

Sharpies, John, 152, 157. 

Sharpies, Lucretia, 152. 

Shaw, John, 120. 

Shaw, William, 160. 

Sheep, 18. 

Sheldon, Jonathan, 118. 

Shepheard, Charles, 154, 222, 229. 

Shepheard, Elizabeth, 222. 

Shepherd, Thomas, 122. 

Shiffle, (Chiffelle?), Rev. Mr.. 218. 

Shifle, John Louis, 218. 

Shinner, Charles, 156 (2), 165. 

Shinner, Mrs. (Charles), 162. 

Shipard, Daniel, 217. 

Ship-building, 26. 

Shoemaker, Thomas, 233. 

Shoreham (a ship), 193. 

Shory, Anthony, 11, 241. 

Shrewsbury, Caroline, 176. 

Shrine, John, 121. 

Shubricic, Capt. Jacob, 226. 

Shubrick, Capt. Richard, 225. 

Shubrick, Hon, Thomas, 228. 

Siegling, John, Jr., 110. 

Silver (plate), 14, 15. 

Silver tankard, 14. 

Simkins, Mrs. Edward, 72. 

Simmons, Ann, 170. 

Simmons, Carolina, 155. 

Simmons, Ebenezer, 158. 

Simmons, Elizabeth, 223. 

Simmons, James, 170, 222, 233. 

Simmons, John, 155. 

Simmons, Nathan, 119. 

Simmons, Susannah, 155. 

Simons, Benjamin, 168. 

Simons, Edward, 222. 

Simons, Peter, 222. 

Simpson, Rev. Archibald, 162. 

Simpson, Christopher, 158. 

Simpson, Elizabeth, 166. 

Simpson, James, 168. 

Simpson, Jane, 162. 

Simpson, John, 166. 

Simpson, William, 165. 

Sinclair, John, 119. 

Singellton. Benjamin, 166, 174. 



Singdltoii» Mary Ann, 220. 
Singellton, Richard, 220. 
Singellton, Samuel, 223. 
Singellton, Thomas, 169. 
Singellton, William, 160. 
Singletarry, John, 123. 
Singletarry, Joseph, 123. 
Singleton, Ann, 149. 
Singleton, Elizabeth, 150. 
Singleton, Mrs. Jane, 235. 
Singleton, Margaret, 149, 150, 232. 
Singleton, Richard, 155. 
Singleton, Samuel, 149, 150, 232. 
Six Nations, The, 40. 
Skene, Rev. Alexander, 163. 
Skelton, Robert, 141. 
Skene, Col. John, 165. 
Skipper's Land, 15. 
Skirving, Dr., 165. 
Skirving, Mrs., 147. 
Skirving, Charles, 148, 150. 
Skirving, Elizabeth, 232. 
Skirving, Hannah, 152. 
Skirving. James, 148, 150, 152 (2), 156, 

Skirving, James, Jr., 154. 
Skirving, Mary, 148, 150, 152, 156, 165. 
Skirving, Martha, 152. 
Skirving, Sarah, 152, 156, 165. 
Skirving, William, 156, 165. 
Slann, Mrs., 148. 

Slaves, 18, 49, 50, 58, 83, 85, 173, 189. 
Sleigh, Elizabeth, 147, 149. 
Sleigh, Hugh, 149, 231. 
Sleigh, S., 147. 
Sleigh, Sarah, 231. 
Sleigh, Samuel, 150. 
Sleigh, Sarah, 147, 149. 
Sleigh, Si'sannah, 150. 
Smart, Ithiel, 143, 144. 
Smelie, Dorcas, 146. 
Smelie, John, 146. 
Smiser, Ann Regina, 159. 
Smiser, Paul, 159. 
Smith, Gov., 10, 11, 12. 
Smith, Archar, 157. 
Smith, Benjamin, 159, 234. 
Smith, Daniel, 10. 
Smith, D. E. Huger, 2, 92. 
Smith, Dorothy, 239. 
Smith, Elizabeth. 154, 167, 220. 224. 
Smith, George, 12, 13, 83, 90, 237, 238, 

Smith, George Henry, 174. 
Smith, Hannah, 153 (2), 221. 
Smith, Henrietta, 234. 
Smith, Henry A. M., 2, 20, 187, 245. 
Smith, Jacob, 120. 
Smith, James, 23. 

Smith, John, 12, 86, 154, 232. 

Smith, John, (of Maryland), 121. 

Smith, Rev. Josiah, 155. 

Smith. Mary, 149, 153. 155. 162, 224. 

Smith, Michael, 223. 

Smith, Nathaniel. 120. 

Smith, Philip, 149, 222. 

Smith, Press, 225. 

Smith, Richard, 68. 

Smith, Robert, 162. 

Smith, Rev. Robert, 167, 228. 

Smith, Sarah, 228. 

Smith, Stephen, 169. 

Smith, Susan M., 175. 

Smith, Mrs. T., 148. 

Smith, Hon. Thomas, 12, 13, 16. 

Smith, Thomas, (2d), 12, 13. 

Smith, Thomas, (3d), 13. 

Smith, Thomas, 153 (2), 157, 178, 221. 

Smith, Thomas, Sr., 220. 

Smith, Capt. Thomas, 89. 

Smith, Thomas Loughton, 169. 

Smith, William, 10, 11, 85, 86, 90, 139, 
143, 238. 

Smith, William, vintner, 14. 17, 84. 

Smith, Capt. William, 136, 138, 143. 

Smith, William, (b. 1773). 153. 

Smith, Wm. Louphton, 96, 102. 

Snarby, David. 240. 

Snilling, John, 158. 

Snioes, Catherine, 145, 146, 151, 152. 

Snipes, Catherine, b. 1768, 152. 

Snipes, Sarah, 151. 

Snipes, William, 152. 

Snipes, William Clay, 145. 146, 151, 
152, 153, 155. 

Snowden, Yates, 2. 

Sobieski, Thaddeus, 30. 

Soller, Jacob, 233. 

Soller, Sarah. 233. 

Somers, George, 225. 

Somers, Mrs. Humphry, 162. 

Somers. Capt. John, 169. 

Somers, Martha. 169. 

Somersall, Alice. 167. 

Somersall, William, 167. 

Sosnowski, Julius C, 180. 

South Carolina. 10. 20. 33, 34. 40. 50, 
65, n, 78. 79. 91, 97, 98, 104, 105, 107, 
116, 123, 131, 132, 133. 134. 187, 191. 

South Carolina, Commons House of 
Assembly, see Commons House of 

South Carolina, Court of Ordinary of 
the Province, abstracts from the rec- 
ords of the. 10-19. 83-91. 236-244. 

South Carolina, General Assembly. 



see General Assembly of S. C 
South Carolina, General Statutes, 24, 

25, 27. 
South Carolina Historical and Genea- 

lopical Magasine, 33, 35, 37, 92, 108^ 

South Carolina Historical Commis- 
sion, 20. 21. 30, 73. 187, 188, 189, 193, 

203. 207. 208, 218. 
South Carolina Historical Society, 34, 

36, 71. 72, 73, 126. 
South Carolina Historical Society, 

Collections, 188, 189» 190. 
South Carolina Navy. 4, 5, 79, 81, 132, 

Souffi Carolina, The, 92, 93. 94. 98, 103, 

105, 107. 111. 113, 114, 115. 
South Carolina and American General 

Gazette, 159, 160. 
South CaroVna Gazette, 58, 160. 161, 

164, 170. 192. 193, 201, 221. 
South Carolinians, degrees conferred 

on. 184. 
South Edisto River. 25, 30. 
Southern Railway, 71. 
Spach. Jonas, 211. 
Spade, John, 120. 
Spain. 78, 81- 
Spaniards, 29. 
Sparry, William. 31. 32. 
Spence, Francis, 221. 
Spence, Dr. Peter, 221. 
Spencer, Mr., 80. 
Spencer, Alexander. 17. 
Spencer, Thomas, 234. 
Splatt, Benjamin, 231. 
Splatt, Hannah. 232. 
Splatt. Martha, 234. 
Splatt, Susannah. 234. 
Spooler, Catherine, 148 (2), 149. 
Spooler. George, 148. 
Spooler. Mary, 149. 
Soooler. Philip, 148 (2). 149. 
Spoon, William, 235. 
Spotswood, Governor, 33. 34, 36. 
Spotsivood Letters, Virginia Histori- 
cal Society, 34. 
Spragg. Mrs. Mary. 16. 
Springer, William, 118. 
Springfield, Battle of, 101. 
Spry, Henry, 89, 241. 
Spry, Joseph, 156. 
Spry. Purchase. 241- 
St. Andrew's Parish, 125, 156, 158, 169, 

St. Augustine, 114. 115, 173. 
St. Bartholomew's. 101, 155, 157, 160, 

230, 231. 232. 233, 234. 
St. Eustatia, 116, 134. 

St. George's Parish, 1*57, 174, 175, 184w 

St Helena's Island, 176. 

St. James Parish, 158. 

St. James Santee, 170, 206. 

St. John, Mr., 195. 219. 

St. John. Mrs. Elizabeth, 233. 

St. John's Colleton. 221. 

St. John's Parish, 157. 

St. Julien, Peter de, 243. 

St. Mark's Parish. 220, 226. 

St. Mathew's Parish, 224. 

St. Michael's Church, 52, 150. 

St. Paul's Parish, 27, 156, 159, 170. 174, 

175, 176, 177, 178, 179, 230, 232, 234, 

St. Peter's Parish. 163. 206, 226. 
St. Philip's Parish, 164. 
St. Stephen's Parish, 167. 
St. Sulpy, 192. 
St. Thomas Parish, 159, 160. 
Stakins, Benjamin. 119. 
Stanton, George, 239. 
Stanyarne, Archibald, 169, 246. 
Stanyarne. Henrietta, 167. 
Stanyarne, James, 11, 137, 139, 14^, 167, 

Stanyarne, John. 169. 
Stanyarne. Joseph. 168 
Stanyarne, Joseph, Jr., 163. 
Stanyarne, Sarah, 176, 246. 
Staples. William. 218. 
States General, The, 96. 
Statt, Jacob. 120. 

Statutes at Large of S. C, 27, 115, 190. 
Steel, William, 124. 
Steele, Capt., 37. 
Stent, Samuel, 13, 14, 19. 
Stephenson, Gilbert. 121. 
Stephenson. John, 120. 
Sterchis, James. 214. 
Sterchy, Peter, 216. 
Stevens. Daniel, 166. 
Stevens. Jacob, 168. 
Stevens, John, 236. 
Stevens. Patience Catherine, 166. 
Stevenson, Charles. 161. 
Stevenson. Noah, 229. 
Stewart, Adam. 164. 
Stewart, Isabel Lamont, 71. 
Stewart, John. 71. 
Stewart, Mary, 170. 
Stewart, Patrick, 83, 84, 241. 
Still, John, 160. 
Stillman, Auprustine, 229- 
Stobo, Archibald, 162. 232. 
Stobo, Jacob. 123. 
Stobo, James, 155. 165. 
Stock. John, 149. 
Stock, Thomas, 149. 231. 



Stocker, Chas, Steven, 167. 

Stockton, William, 225. 

Stoddard, David, ISa 

Stoll, David, 167. 

Stoll, Justinus, 227. 

Stoll, Susanna, 125-128. 

Stone, Capt. Benjamin, 227. 

Stoney Point, 127. 

Stono, 163. 

Stono River, 125. 

Stott, Nathan, 168. 

Stoutenberg, Major Luke, 169. 

Stoutenburg, Mrs. Sarah, 156, 165, 227. 

Streather, James, 156. 

Strickling, John, 234. 

Strobel, Elizabeth, 149. 

Strobel, Daniel, 149. 

Stuart, Mrs., 53. 

Stuart, Superintendent, 53. 

Stuart, Francis, 163. 

Stuart, John, 120. 

Stobo, Rev. Archibald, 28. 

Stoll, Susannah, 125-128. 

Stone, Capt., 37. 

Stono, 28. 

Stranblar, John, 215. 

Stuly, Jacob, 218. 

Stysen, George, 123. 

Sugar Town, 52. 

Sullivan's Island, 51, 72. 

Sullivan, Elizabeth, 153. 

Sullivan, John, 153. 

Sullivan, William Norman, 153. 

Sullivant, Cornelius, 48. 

Summerville, S. C, 174, 175, 176. 

Sumner, Increase, 139. 

Surveyor General, 20. 

Sutler, Uriah, 122. 

Sutter, Uriah, 122. 

Swadler, George, 170. 

Swadler, Mrs. Margaret, 233. 

Swallow, Newman, 168. 

Swann, Col., 37. 

Sweat, Margaret, 175. 

Sweat, Virtus, 121. 

Swinton, Caroline, 179. 

Swinton, Hugh, 234. 

Swinton, Mary, 176. 

Swinton, Sarah, 177. 

Swindle, Joshua, 156. 

Swinton, Ann Simmons, 151. 

Swinton, Sarah, 151. 

Swinton, William, 151. 

Swiss, 37. 

Swiss Protestants, 187-219, 

Switzerland, 98, 105, 187, 188. 

Symmonds, Mrs. Frances, 83. 

Symmonds, Henry, 83. 

Taarling, Col.. I5a 

Talebach, George, 212, 217. 

Tamar, The, 115. 

Tangle, Thomas, 122. 

Tanner, Gideon, 118. 

Tanner, Jacob, 213. 

Tansly, Thomas, 14. 

Tar River, 36. 

Tarleton, Lieut. Col. Banastre, 245. 

Taveron, Stephen, 137. 

Tax Bill, 173. 

Taylor, Mrs. Ann, 160. 

Taylor, Jane E., 178. 

Taylor, John, 166. 

Taylor, John Ward, 160. 

Taylor, Peter, 162. 

Tebout, Tunes, 227. 

Telliguo, 55, 56, 57. 

Teneriffe, 94. 

Tennable, Anthony, 122. 

Tennent, Rev. William, 225. 

Test Oath, 53. 

Texel 94 95. 

Theatre in Charleston, 1773-1774, 185- 

Thermin, Anthoine, 211. 
Theus, Mr., 80. 
Theus, Jeremiah, 220. 
Thomas, Jane, 159. 
Thomas, John, 15. 

Thomas, John, (of Pennsylvania), 120. 
Thomas, Rev. John, 167. 
Thomas, Samuel, 159. 
Thomas, Mrs. Samuel, 163. 
Thompson, Captain, 202. 
Thompson, John, 121. 
Thomson, — —, HO. 
Thomson, Michael, 223. 
Thornton, Mary, 159. 
Thornton, Samuel, 159. 
Thorpe, Robert, 200. 
Turner, James, 218. 
Thurston, Capt., 37, 38. 
Tillman, George D., 110. 
Times-Despatch, The, 71. 
Timmons, John, 234. 
Timmons, Mary Ann, 234. 
Tindall, Alexander, 119. 
Tingri, Prince de, 93. 
Tobler, John, Esq., 162. 
Tombstone Inscriptions, 181-183, 184, 

Tonge, Ann, 163. 
Tonge, Rev. John. 163, 170. 
Toobodoo, 158, 227. 
Tower of London, 116. 
Townsend, Daniel Jenkins, 178. 
Townsend, Elizabeth T., 177. 
Townsend, John R., 175. 



Town send, Mary, 176. 
Townsend, Paul, 226. 
Townsend, Susan Grace, 180. 
Townsend, William, 177. 
Tradd, Richard, 137, 142, 236, 242, 244. 
Trade, 3. 8. 
Trade routes, 34. 

Transcripts from the State Paper Of- 
fice in London, 26. 
Trapier, Jeremiah, 227. 
Trapier, Paul, 226. 
Trewin, Helen, 226. 
Truan, Magdalen, 158. 
Travis, John, 138. 
Trenholm, 110. 
Troop, William, 123. 
Trotter, Mrs. Hannah, 18. 19. 
Trimingham, John, 10. 
Troulear, Florant Philippe, 242. 
Truite, La., 98, 99. 
Tryon, Jacob, 120. 
Tucker, Elizabeth, 225. 
Tucker, Mrs. Elizabeth Ann, 182. 
Tucker, John H., 182. 
Tucker, Sarah, 221. 
Tucker, Capt. Thomas, 221. 
Tucker, William, 228. 
Tufts, Capt. Simon, 114, 115. 
Tuileries, 97. 
Tuptman, Francis, 122. 
Turgis, Elizabeth, 140. 
Turgis, Francis, 140, 144. 
Turkey Hill Plantation, 181. 
Turner, Louisa Gibbes, 180. 
Turner, Mrs. Mary, 232. 
Turner, William, 123. 
Tuscarora Expedition (second), 33-48. 
Tyffe, Dr. William, 167. 

Ulmer, Jacob, 234. 
United States, 99, 102. 
U. S. Circuit Court, 99, 107. 
University of Virginia, 71. 
Upperville, Va., 71. 

Vail, David, 123. 

Valentyn, Simon, 89, 90, 138, 139, 140. 

Valours, Jaques, 215. 

Valvot, John, 242. 

Vanay, John Francis, 216 

Vanderheyd, Mr., 218. 

Vander Horst, Arnoldus, 112. 

Vander Horst, John, 242. 

Vannerheid, Peter Janett, 218. 

Vansusteren, John, 11. 

Varambaut, Francis, 164. 

Varnod, Madame, 209. 

Varnod, Abram, 209. 

Varnod, Francois, 209. 

Varnod, Frantions, 209. 

Varnod, Marian e La, 209. 

Vatt or Watt, Jean, 188. 

Vaughn, Petty. 69. 

Veal, David, 118. 

Vennom, Nathan, 121. 

Verdier, Andre, 213. 

Vergennes, 93. 

Vergereau, Susannah, 225. 

Vernays, Francis, 213. 

Vernezobre, Daniel, 203, 204, 212. 

Verree, Joseph, 228. 

Versailles, Palace of, 97. 

Vestals, James, 124. 

Vetch, Andrew, 89. 

Vickers, William, 121. 

Vigneu, Stephen, 213. 

Viller, Anna Eunets, 214. 

Viller, Ann Mary, 214. 

Vincent, George, 147. 

Vincent, Martha, 147. 

Vincent, Mary Ann, 147. 

Vinson, Ann, 147. 

Vinson, Elizabeth, 147. 

Vinson, John, 147. 

Virginia, 16, 33, 49, 55, 122. 

Virginia Historical Society, SpoiU'- 

wood Letters, 34. 
Virginia Magazine of History and Bi^ 

ografihy, 33. 
Vlieland, Lieut., 229. 
Voucher, Alles, 218. 
Voyer, Jeanne Urbaine, 211. 

Waccamaw, 181. 

Wachamau Indians, 43. 

Waddell. Joseph, 118. 

Wade. Richard, 222. 

Wadmalaw Island, 176, 177, 180, 238. 

Wager, Henry, 120. 

Walker, Christopher, 139, 140. 

Walker, Mrs. Mary Ann, 160. 

Walker, Nevil, 121. 

Wallace's Creek, 245. 

Walpole, Miss Mary L, 179. 

Walter, Ann, 157. 

Walter, Thomas, 157. 

Walter, Col. William, 163. 

Walthour, George, 234. 

Wando River, 15, 238, 239. 

Wappoo, 166. 

Warachy, 52. 

Ward, Charles J.. 248. 

Ward, Elizabeth, 183. 

Ward, Mary Latin, 183. 

Ward, Joseph, 183, 241. 

Ward, Joshua, 235. 

Warham, Charles, 228. 

Warham, John, 169. 



Waring, Amelia, 175. 

Waring, Catherine, 146, VS7, 

Waring, Ann, 157, 230. 

Waring, Charlotte, 225. 

Waring, Elizabeth, 227. 

Waring, John, 146, 157, 225, 227. 

Waring, John Lloyd, 159. 

Waring, Joseph loor, 175. 

Waring, Mary, 225. 

Waring, Richard, 157. 

Waring, Benjamin, 90. 

Warley, Felix, 229. 

Warters, Mr., 80. 

Warner, Richard, 90. 

Washington, George, 245. 

Washington, Jane, 247. 

Washington, Martha, 246. 

Washington, Theodosia Narcissa, 247. 

Washington, William, 247. 

Washington, Col. William, 245-247. 

Washington, D. C, 106, 126. 

Wateree River, 35. 

Watkins, John, 15, 16. 

Watkins, Stephen, 121. 

Watts, Susannah, 226. 

Watts, Thomas, 226. 

Waxaws, 35. 

Weaver, Henry, 119. 

Webb, Benjamin, 148, 151, 221. 

Webb, Benjamin, born 1766, 151. 

Webb, Deborah, 148, 151, 231. 

Webb, Edward, 149. 

Webb, John, 155. 
Webb, Joseph Miles, 149. 

Webb, Mary, 230. 

Webb, Rebeccah, 151, 221. 

Webb, Sarah, 147, 148 (2), 149 (2), 152. 

Webb, Sarah, b. 1764, 151. 

Webb, Susan Miles, 152. 

Webb, William, 147, 14« (2), 149 (2), 
151, 152, 155, 169. 

Webber, Mabel Louise, 1, 2, 74. 

Webber, William, 234. 

Webland, George, 122. 

Webster, Bennet Gare, 152. 

Webster, Henry, 152, 167. 

Webster, Susannah, 152. 

Weflfs, John, 21 5. 

Weld, Joseph. 139. 

Wellchusen, Isabella, 232. 

Wells, Andrew, 124. 

Wells, Edgar, 227. 

Wells, Elizabeth Martha, 227. 

Wells, John, 148, 150, 151 (2), 236, 244. 

Wells, Dr. John, 221. 

Wells, Josiah, 151. 

Wells, Marearet, 231. 

Wells, Maria, 234. 

Wells, Martha, 232. 

Wells, Mary, 221. 

Wells, Mary Ann Ruth, 150. 

Wells, Ruth, 148, 150, 151 (2). 

Wells, Thomas, 151. 

Wells, William, 148. 

Welsby, William, 11. 

West, Charles L., 184. 

West, Joseph, Governor, 21. 

Westberry, Edward, 11. 

Westbury, Jonathan, 232. 

Weston, Alice, 167. 

Weston, F. H., 2. 

Weston, Plowden, 167. 

Whaley, Abigail, 178. 

Whaley, Benjamin Seabrook, 180. 

Whaley, Edward C, 178. 

Whaley, Mrs. Lavinia Emma, 174. 

Whaley, William James. 178. 

Wharton's Diplomatic Correspondenct 

of the American Revolution^ 93. 
Whatley, Virginia H., 180. 
Wheeler, Rev. Daniel, 164, 227. 
Wheeler Josiah, 121. 
Wheeler, Mary, 227. 
Whippe, William, 240. 
White, Elizabeth, 234. 
White, John Edward, 153. 
White, Rebecca, 153. 
White, Thomas, 147. 153. 
White. Thomas, (of N. C), 123. 
White, William, 83, 243. 
Whitefield, George, 159. 
Whitehead, Mrs. Annie B., 180. 
Whitehead, William, 174. 
Whitmarsh, John, 10, 136. 
Whitpain, William, 119. 
Whitsimon John, 16. 
Wickman, Lieut., 229. 
Wigfall, Benjamin, 225. 
Wigfall, Mrs. Joseph, 225. 
Wiggan, Mr., (}6. 
Wigglesworth, Hugh, 19. 
Wigg, E. H., 155. 
Wigg, Mary, 155. 
Wigg, William Hazard, l55. 
Wigg, William Hutson, 155. 
Wightman, William, 106, 107. 
Wigington, Henry, 42. 44, 45, 89, 90, 

91, 136, 137. 138, 139, 241, 242, 243, 

Wild," William, 120. 
Wildy, Benjamin, 88, 139, 240. 
Wildy, Elizabeth, 240. 
Wildy, Joseph, 240. 
Wilkes, Hardy, 124. 
Wilkie, James, 227. 
Wilkie, Mary, 227. 
Wilkinson, Ann, 166. 
Wilkinson, Edward, 150, 166. 



Wilkinson, Jane, 164. 
Wilkinson, Joseph, 118. ISO. 
William, King of England, 24. 
William Town, 24. 
Williams, Elizabeth, 158. 
Williams, Mrs. Hannah, 16. 
'Williams, James, 16. 
Williams, John, 89. 
Williams, Mary, 175. 
Williams, Maurice, 232. 
Williams, Robert, 158, 215, 223. 
Williams, Stephen, 15. 
Williams, Thomas, 175. 
Williams, William, 12, 16, 83, 141. 
Williamsburgh, 161. 
Williamson, Col. Andrew, 52. 
Williamson, Ann, 147. 
Williamson, Dr. Atkin, 15, 85. 
Williamson, Benjamin, 220. 
Williamson, James, 147. 
Williamson, John, 147, 163, 247. 
Williamson, Malachi, 122. 
Williamson, Mary A., 71. 
Williamson, Samuel, 17, 88, 142, 236, 

Williamson, William, 159. 
Willing, Mr., 117. 
Willis, Reuben, 137. 
Wills, Joshua, 88. 
Wilply, Dr., 169. 
Willtown, or New London, 20-32, 221, 

Willtown, plat of, 21, 23. 
Willtown BluflF, 30. 
Wilson, Algernon, 220. 
Wilson, Hugh, 169. 
Wilson, James, 170. 
Wilson, John, 170. 
Wilson, Mary, 170. 
Wilson, Mrs. Mary, 230. 
Wilson, Robert, 120. 
Wilson, Sarah, 155. 
Wilton, Rev. Joseph Darce Appleby, 

Winborn, Samuel, 161. 
Win field, Martha, 10. 
Wingood, Eph, 88, 89. 
Winckler, Andrew, 210, 211, 214. 
Winckler Anna Susan, 210. 
Winckler, Eve Elizabeth, 209. 
Winckler, Frederick, 209. 
Winckler, Luis, 209. 
Winckler Anna Catarina, 209. 
Winkler, Jacob, 211. 
Winkler, Jaque, 209. 
Winkler, Nicholas, 209. 
Winningham, Eleanor, 175. 
Winslow, Mr., 69. 
Winyaw, 160. 

Wise, Elizabeth, 223. 
Wise, Samuel, 223, 229. 
Wish, Isabella, 160, 
Wistar B., 184. 
Witsel, Frederick, 234. 
Witsel, Jacob, 233. 
Witsel, Mrs. Margaret. 233. 
Withers, William, 226. 
Witter, Elizabeth, 226. 
Witter, James. 17, 18, 19. 
Witter, James (2d), 1& 
Witter, Mary, 233. 
Wizard, Barbara, 233. 
Wood, George, 224. 
Wood, Rebecca, 228. 
Woodbury, Sarah, 224. 
Wood, Aquila, 174. 
Wood, Martha, 240. 
Wood, Edward, 240. 
Woodman, Abram, 233. 
Woodnip, William. 159. 
Woods, C. A., 2. 
Wragg, Elizabeth, 23Z 
Wragg, Judith, 15& 
Wragg, Mary, 234u 
Wragg, Middleton & Co., 70, 
Wragg, Samuel, 42. 
Wragg, William, 52. 
Wragg, Mrs. William, 164. 
Wright, Daniel, 175. 
Wright, Edward, 233. 
Wright, Mary, 226. 
Wright, Thomas, 162, 226. 
Wunderiick, John, 214. 

Yadkin River, 35. 
Yamasee BluflF, 190. 
Yamassee Port, 191. 
Yanam, Francis, 21& 
Varmouth, The. 114. 
Yemasee Battery, 38. 
Yemassee Indians, 37, 40. 
Yemassee War, 34. 
York Town, 9. 
Yonge, Francis, 23f 
Yonge, Robert, 23, 27. 
Yorktown, 77, 
You, Charies, 167. 
You, Dandridge C, I7a 
Young, Henry, 19. 
Young, Lydia, 241. 
Young, James, 13, 87. 
Young, John, 11. 
Young, Joseph, 224. 
Young, Thomas, 227. 
Young, William, 223. 

Zouberbukber, Savastian, 217. 
Zublier, David, 216. 









\/OUUME XI.. NO. 1 

JANUARY, 1910. 

Entered at the Poet-office at Charleston, 8. C, ae 
Second-Class Matter. 



Charukston. S. C 




Joseph W. Barnwell, Henry A. M. Smith, 

A. S. Salley, Jr. 

Mabel L. Webber. 


Evacuation of Charleston by the British in 1782.. 1 

Records kept by Colonel Isaac Hayne 27 

Radnor, Edmundsbury and Jacksonborough 39 

Abstracts from the Record of the Court of Ordinary 

of the Province of South Carolina, 1692-1700 50 

Records from the EUiott-Rowand Bible, with an Ac- 
count of Thomas Elliott and his Descendants. . . 57 
Historical Notes 72 

N. B. — These Magazines are one dollar each to any 
one other than a member of the South Carolina Historic- 
al Society. Members of the Society receive them free. 
The Membership fee is $3 per annum (the fiscal year 
being from May 19th to May 19th), and members can 
buy back numbers or duplicates at 75c. each. In ad- 
dition to receiving the Magazines, members are allowed 
a discount of 25 per cent, on all other publications of 
the Society, and have the free use of the Society's li- 

Any member who has not received the last number 
will please notify the Secretary and Treasurer, 

Miss Mabel L. Webber, 
South Carolina Historical Society, 

Charleston, S. C. 













South Carolina Historical Society, 

May 19, 1909 — May 19, 1910. 

Hon. Joseph W. Barnwell. 

1st Vice-President, 
Henry A. M. Smith, Esq. 

2nd Vice-President, 

Hon. Theodore D. Jervey. 

jd Vice-President, 

Hon. F. H. Weston. 

4th Vice-President, 

Hon. John B. Cleveland. 

Secretary and Treasv/rer and Librarian, 

Miss Mabel Louise Webber. 

Curators : 

Langdon Cheves, Esq., D. E. Huger Smith, Esq., 

Charles W. Kollock, M. D., 
Prof. Yates Snowden, Capt. Thomas Pinckney, 

Prof. C. J. Colcock, Hon. C. A. Woods, 

Hon. James Aldrich, G. M. Pinckney, Esq. 

Board of Managers, 
all of the foregoing officers. 
Publication Committee, 
Henry A. M. Smith, Joseph W. Barnwell, 
A. S. Salley, Jr. 

The South CaroUna 

Historical and Genealogical 


VOL, XL JANUARY, i9io No77 


By Joseph W. Barnwell. 

In his Political History of the United States' Pro- 
fessor Goldwin Smith, in describing the treatment of 
the Tories, or Royalists, at the close of the Revolution- 
ary War by the successful party in the different States 
of the American Union, uses these words with regard 
to the evacuation of Charleston on December 14th, 

"Upon the evacuation of Charleston, as a Brit- 
ish officer who was upon the spot stated, the loyal- 
ists were imprisoned, whipped, tarred and feather- 
ed, dragged through horse ponds, and carried about 
the town with 'Tory' on their breasts. All of them 
were turned out of their houses and plundered, 
twenty-four of them were hanged upon a gallows 
facing the quay in sight of the British fleet with 
the army and refugees on board. Such was the 
statement of a British officer who was upon the 
spot and an eye-witness to the whole." 
Although it does not require very careful reading 
of Mr. Smith's interesting work to discover that the 
Colony and State of South Carolina and the City of 
*The United States. An Outline of Political History, p. 111. 


Charleston find little favor in his sight, yet so entire- 
ly is this particular charge at variance with the ac- 
counts of the evacuation given in American histories 
and memoirs of the time, which describe the evacu- 
ation as having taken place in the best of order, that 
it was quite certain that the statement would not have 
been made except upon what Mr. Smith considered 
good authority. The writer of this article accordingly 
wrote to him, and wasi courteously referred by his sec- 
retary to the History of New York by Thomas Jones". 
The account given by Judge Jones is as follows : 

"In the Summer of 1782 the new Ministry, un- 
der a pretense of reconciliation with the American 
rebels, ordered Charleston, the capital of South 
Carolina, and Savannah, the capital of Georgia, to 
be evacuated, the troops withdrawn, the stores re- 
moved, and possession delivered to rebellion. 
These two garrisons contained thousands of the 
native inhabitants, many of whom had been in 
arms, or rendered other essential services to the 
Crown, in the course of the war. Numbers of them 
had fled from their estates in the country, and put 
themselves under the protection of the army, to 
avoid the persecution of the rebels; many in con- 
sequence of royal proclamations offering them par- 
don and protection. These garrisons were, not- 
withstanding, to be evacuated without a single 
term, a stipulation, or a condition, in favour of the 
inhabitants. No provision was made for such as 
had borne arms, or served in offices and were 
therefore obliged to leave with the army. The 
commanders of the two garrisons did every thing 
within their power, to make matters as easy as 
possible to those poor unfortunate people, whom 

"History of New York during the Revolutionary war and of the 
leading events in the other Colonies at that period. By Thomas 
Jones, 1879, p. 234. 


the Ministry were abandoning and leaving at the 
mercy of their enemies, for no other crime than 
steady loyalty to their soverign, and a warm at- 
tachment to the constitution of Britain. To pro- 
vide in some measure for these poor wretches, the 
commanders of the garrisons (though contrary to 
their orders) protracted the evacuations as long 
as they possibly could, without offending the 
Ministry. Transports were procured, and several 
hundreds with their personal property went to St. 
Augustine, in Florida, the Governor of which 
granted each family a tract of land, upon which 
they sat down and began the world anew. Num- 
bers went to the Bahama Islands, others to the 
Summer Islands, to Jamaica, to Nova Scotia, to 
New Foundland, and to Canada. But such a num- 
ber was still left behind, that properly to describe 
their situation upon the evacuation is scarcely 
possible. There were old gray-headed men and 
women, husbands and wives with large families 
of little children, women with infants at their 
breasts, poor widows whose husbands had lost 
their lives in the service of their King and coun- 
try, with half a dozen half-starved bantlings tug- 
ging at their skirts taking leave of their friends. 
Here you saw people who had lived all their days in 
affluence (though not in luxury) leaving their real 
estates, their houses, stores, ships, and improve- 
ments, and hurrying on board the transports with 
what little household goods they had been able 
to save. In every street were to be seen men, 
women, and children wringing their hands, lament- 
ing the situation of those about leaving the coun- 
try, and the more dreadful situation of such who 
were either unable to leave, or were determined, 
rather than to run the risk of starving in distant 


lands to throw themselves upon, and trust to, the 
mercy of their persecutors, their inveterate ene- 
mies, the rebels of America. Their fears and ap- 
prehensions were soon realized. No sooner had 
the evacuation taken place at Charleston than the 
rebels, like so many furies, or rather devils, entered 
the town, and a scene ensued, the very repetition 
of which is shocking to the ears of humanity. The 
loyalists were seized, hove into dungeons, prisons^ 
and prevosts, some were tied up and whipped, 
others were tarred and feathered; some were 
dragged to the horse ponds and drenched till near 
dead, others were carried about the town in carts 
with labels upon their breasts and backs with the 
word Tory' in capitals, written thereon. All the 
Loyalists were turned out of their houses and 
obliged to sleep in the streets and fields, their cov- 
ering the canopy of heaven. A universal plunder of 
the friends of government took place, and to com- 
plete the scene, a gallows was erected upon the 
quay facing the harbour, and twenty-four reputable 
Loyalists hanged in sight of the British fleet with the 
army and refugees on board. This account of the 
evacuation of Charleston I had from a British officer 
who was upon the spot, ashore at the time, and an 
eye-witness to the whole. No doubt the Loyalists 
upon the evacuation of Savannah shared the same 
fate with their brethren in South Carolina." 
Judge Jones was a stanch Loyalist, who had been one of 
the Judges of the Supreme Court of the Province of New 
York. He was not in America from 1781 to the end of the 
Revolurt:ionary War in 1783, and was prevented from re- 
turning to America through the passage of an "Act of At- 
tainder" by the Legislature of New York, by which the 
lives of himself and others were forfeited, and their estates 
confiscated. Though a man of high character, his state- 
ments, when not derived from his personal knowledge. 


are often colored by his bitter feelings. Of such char- 
acter is the expression of his opinion in the above 
extract from his book that the scenes attending the 
evacuation of Savannah were the same as the horri- 
ble inhumanities he says that he heard described by a 
British officer, whom he does not name, and who was 
ashore upon some unmentioned business at the time of 
the evacuation of Charleston. He died in 1792, in Eng- 
land, and his book was probably written between 1783 
and 1788, though not published by the Historical So- 
ciety of New York until nearly a century afterwards. 

Be that as it may, his charge has now been repeated 
by Mr. Goldwin Smith, and on his authority has found 
its way into other English publications. 

Under these circumstances, it may be of interest to 
the readers of this magazine to know what the con- 
temporary accounts of the evacuation really are. Con- 
siderable pains have been taken to find' out the facts, 
and so far as known all of them are published here,* with 
such comment only as is necessary to explain them, 
and to show the situation of affairs at the time when 
they were written. 

From June 28th, 1776, when the attack by the 
British Fleet upon the fort on Sullivan's Island, af- 
terwards called Fort Moultrie, was repulsed, until the 
unsuccessful attack on Port Royal Island in January, 

•Personal search has been made by the writer in the Library of 
Congress and among the files of newspapers in the Charleston Library. 
The newspaper files in the Historical Society of New York have been 
examined by the Secretary and Treasurer of the Historical Society of 
South Carolina, Miss Mabel L. Webber, and the English Magazines of 
Ihe day by Mr. D. E. H. Smith. Hon. Whitelaw Reid, American 
Ambassador in England, kindly enquired through his Military and 
Naval attaches of the English War and Navy Departments as to any 
reports of the officers in charge of the evacuation, or any other records 
to be found there bearing on the subject, and Messrs. B. F. Stevens & 
Brown, the well-known London firm, examined not only their valuable 
index of papers concerning America found in the English records, 
but also the files of papers in the British Museum for contemporary 
accounts. No private letters from Charleston seem to have survived 
the lapse of time, and the destruction of papers caused by the Con- 
federate War. 



1779, South Carolina was free from invasion. This 
exemption, however, was not to continue long. On 
April 28th, (7F99, Gen. Prevost crossed the Savan- 
nah River on his expedition against Charleston, which 
failed of success only because of the approach of Gen. 
Lincoln's army from the Northward. In the au- 
tumn of the same year took place the unsuccessful at- 
tack upon Savannah, under D'Estaing and Lincoln, 
and on May 12th, 1780, Charleston was surrendered 
to Sir Henry Clinton and Admiral Arbuthnot. 

The total defeat of Gates at Camden on August i6th, 

1780, and of Sumter two days later, seemed for a time 
to put an end to all hope of saving the State from per- 
manent conquest. 

From the surrender of Charleston until the meet- 
ing of the Legislature of the State at Jacksonborough 
on January i8th, 1782, civil government, except as 
represented by Governor Rutledge and his Council, 
had ceased to exist. For much of that time the war 
carried on was what is now called a Guerrilla war, 
and atrocities were committed on both sides, which 
would not, in these daysi, be considered consistent 
with civilized warfare. To this character of war Gen- 
eral Greene was bitterly opposed, and from the day 
of his arrival in South Carolina until the end of the 
war, his effort was to have it conducted with such hu- 
manity as war permits. The surrender of Cornwallis 
on October 19th, 1781, practically ended the war. Its 
result was the downfall of Lord North's ministry, and 
the coming into power of a Whig ministry in England, 
which was bent upon making peace. Nevertheless, 
peace was not provisionally signed until November 
13th, 1782, and this was not known in America until 
several weeks afterwards. In the meantime there had 
been no actual cessation of hostilities in America, 
though the British forces were gradually being with- 


drawn. The evajcuation of Savannah took place the nth 
of July, 1782, five months before that of Charleston, the 
Commander of the American troops on that occasion being 
General Anthony Wayne, of the Continental army, who 
afterwards was in immediate command of the tnx>ps at the 
evacuation of Charleston. 

Ainerican historians have certainly not been com- 
plimentary to the British and Loyalists present at the 
evacuation of Savannah, as the following account will 
show* : 

"Many of the most notorious Loyalists in the 
State, whose hands and hearts had been stained 
with fraternal blood, who had instigated and wit- 
nessed the cruielties of their savage allies, were 
gathered there, and in their anxiety to secure 
themselves, they laid hands on everything that 
they could possibly command. All movable prop- 
erty that could be secured was taken away; and five 
thousand negroes, from three-fourths to seven-eighths 
of all in Georgia, and many of them plundered 
from their republican owners, were carried off 
in the general embarkation. The State was drained 
of everything that the enemy could avail them- 
selves of, and was left in a crippled and dismantled 
As the time for the evacuation of Charleston ap- 
proached, the British merchants, who had come to the city 
during the British occupation, obtained leave from General 
Leslie, who commanded the British troops then in 
possession of the city, to make an agreement with Gov- 
ernor John Mathews, the Governor of South Carolina, 
elected by the Jacksonboro Assembly on the resignation of 
Governor Rutledge, permitting them to remain in Charles- 
ton for eighteen months after the evacuation for the pur- 

•Stevens' History of Georgia, Vol. II, p. 28^. 


pose of collecting the debts due them, and of disposing of 
their stores and goods'. 

An agreement was also entered into between repre- 
sentatives of General Leslie and the Governor to prevent 
the carrying away of slaves belonging to American citizens, 
but this agreement was subsequently abandoned. Gen- 
eral Greene, who was in chief ccMXimand of the American 
forces during the evacuation, has been impliedly cen- 
sured by some American writers for not permitting the 
presence of State troops, and officers of the militia during 
the evacuation. Judge James (Life of Marion, page 
1/6) says that the exclusion was the act of the civil 
government, and that General Greene wrote a letter dis- 
approving of it. In view, however, of the charges which 
have been made against the American authorities at the 
time of the evacuation, it certainly is fortunate that the 
soldiers and officers present should not have been those who 
were animated with private feelings of revenge. 

The following letter from General Greene may be said 
to be the first account in order of time written concerning 
the evacuation : 

Head Quarters, South Carolina, 
December 19th, 1782. 

I have the honor to communicate to your Excel- 
lency the agreeable information of the evacuation of 
Charles Town, and beg leave to congratulate you 
upon the event. 

The Enemy completed their embarkation on the 
14th, and the same day fell down into rebellion 
road, and on the seventeenth crossed the Bar and 
went to Sea. It is said the Hessian Troops are bound 
for New York, and the British for the West India 

*This time was extended by the Legislature at its meeting in 
March, 1783. 

•Library of Congress, C. C, 155. V. 2, p. 603. 


General Wayne with the Legion and Light In- 
fantry, (as General Gist was absent, and too un- 
well to continue his command) had been before 
the Enemy's Works for several days previous to 
the evacuation. Genl. Leslie by his Adjutant Gen- 
eral hinted to General Wayne through Mr. Mor- 
rice Simmons, one of the Citizens of Charles 
Town, his apprehensions that an attack from us 
might lay the Town in Ashes, and that if they 
were permitted to embark without interruption, 
every care should be taken for its preservation. 

Knowing* the impossibility of doing the Enemy 
any material injury on their embarkation in a for- 
tified Town, and under cover of their shipping; 
and being well informed that some attempts had 
been made by some of the Refugee followers of 
the British Army, to fire the place, I directed the 
General to make the safety of the Town the first 
object; and that if a treaty was necessary for this 
purpose to enter into one rather than expose the 
place, for the little! advantage which might be ob- 
tained over the rear Guard. The General accord- 
ingly from the intimation of the Adjutant Gen- 
eral, very judiciously agreed to let them embark 
without molestation, they agreeing not to fire upon 
the Town after getting on board. 

The conditions being understood by both par- 
ties, the Town was evacuated and possessed with- 
out the least confusion, our advance following 
close upon their rear. The Governor was con- 
ducted into his Capital the same day, the civil po- 
lice established the day following, and the day af- 
ter the Town opened for business. 

This important event gives us compleat posses- 
sion of all the Southern States; and what adds 
to its consequence, I had the happiness to nego- 


ciate a few weeks ago a general Exchange of all 
the Civil and Militia Officers, as well as privates 
of every denomination under military paroles, be- 
longing to the Southern department. 

The people are once more free, and I hope 
will manifest their gratitude by a vigorous exer- 
tion in support of the common cause. The strug- 
gle and conflict has been long and severe; but 
when it is considered that the Enemy had up- 
wards of 18,000 regular Troops, besides several 
thousand Militia and Negroes employed for the re- 
duction of the Southern States, I hope it will be 
found that the progress of the Southern Army has 
been no less honorable than important ; and that it 
will merit the approbation of Congress through 
every stage of its operations. 

I should be wanting in gratitude to the Army, 
was I to omit expressing my warmest acknowledg- 
ments for the zeal and activity with which they 
attempted and persevered in every enterprise, and 
for the patience and dignity with which they bore 
their sufferings. Perhaps no Army ever exhibited 
greater proofs of patriotism and public virtue. 
It has been my constant care to alleviate their 
distresses as much as possible, but my endeavors 
have been far short of my wishes, or their merit. 

The Secretary of War, and Major Burnet, one 
of my Aids, who will have the honor of delivering 
this dispatch, will communicate to your Excellen- 
cy such farther particulars as you may wish to know 
of the force and situation of the Army under my 

I have the honor to be with the most perfect re- 
spect Your Excellency's most obed*. and mo. 
hble serv*. Nath Greene. 

His Excer. 

The Presid*. of Congress. 


General Greene, it is true, always declared that he 
never interfered with the civil authorities, but as his 
letter is dated the 19th of December, two days after 
the fleet had departed, he must have known of the 
hanging of "twenty-four reputable Loyalists," if hanged 
they were. The tone of his letter certainly indi- 
cates no knowledge of such fact. Neither does it seem 
probable that he would have stood by and allowed out- 
rages of the kind to take place '*in sight of the British 

The next publication is taken from the South Caro- 
lina Weekly Gazette, published in Charleston, May 31st, 



''A true copy of a letter from a British officer on 
board one of the transports lying in the Harbour of 
Charlestown, the day after that important garrison was 
evacuated. Though in the hurry and confusion of 
writing, the date is omitted, it is nevertheless a genuine 
letter verbatim, 

"I take up my pen, my dear friend, in the midst 
of noise and confusion, just to give you a short 
account of the redelivery of this town to the 
Americans. Yesterday morning closed the mel- 
ancholy scene. 

The evacuation and repossession of Charles- 
town, rendered supremely melancholy on account 
of the unhappy loyalists, has been in other re- 
spects the most liberal of any transaction that has 
taken place since the commencement of the war. 
It was evacuated and entered by treaty — signals 
were agreed upon and adhered to — of course, every- 

Trom September 28th. 1782, to February 15th, 1783, unfortunately 
no newspaper was published in Charleston. The Royal Gazette sus- 
pended publication on the first mentioned date, or at least no numbers 
can be found in the Charleston Library after then, and the South 
Carolina Weekly Gazette was not begun until the latter date. 


thing was conducted with the utmost decency 
and decorum. The embarkation lasted two days. 
I did not quit the town till the American horse 
made their appearance below the State house. I 
then thought it high time to decamp. 

The inhabitants and merchants who thought 
proper to remain in town were directed to keep 
within their houses; all stores and warehouses 
were shut up. The streets formerly crouded and 
chearful to the view, now presented one mournful 
scene of the most complicated wretchedness. 
The poor, unhappy loyalists whom the British 
government, not many months before, had most 
solemnly pledged its faith to protect in their per- 
sons and properties, were now to be left victims 
to their merciless enemies, or to be sent on board 
vessels for the West Indies, to encounter, with their 
distressed families, every misfortune, and to suffer 
every species of indigence and want in a strange 
land. Many, indeed, remained in the town, prefer- 
ring the risk of immediate death to the cruel uncer- 
tainty of adhering any longer to a government, 
whose perfidy and treachery stands unparalleled 
in the annals of history. But by far the greater 
number, whose activity in the cause of their King 
and the British constitution, left no hopes for 
mercy, embarked. As these past the windows of 
their friends and acquaintances, in their way to 
the places of embarkation, they silently, with grief 
unutterable, bowed their last farewell. This mel- 
ancholy salute was returned with feelings that 
could only be expressed by tears and sobs. A 
gloomy despair sat on every countenance, and all 
was wretchedness and woe. The scene was too 
affecting for description, too great for human feel- 
ings. Even the most obdurate and unprincipled of 


your patriots, had he been present at this awful 
view, must have felt some remorse for the part he 
has acted, and lamented the falsities he has palmed 
on parliament as facts, and which have brought 
the most complicated ruin and misery on thou- 
sands and thousands, whose only crime has been 
loyalty to the King, and affection for their Parent 

Throughout the whole of this transaction, tho' 
the most melancholy one I ever beheld, it must 
be observed to the honour of the officer who com- 
manded, that the whole has been conducted with 
the utmost attention and humanity, as far as it 
rested with him. Certain places were appointed 
for embarkation. Centinels were fixed to prevent 
plunder being taken off by the soldiers and sea- 
men. The vessels were all searched and whatever 
plunder was found, was returned to the inhabitants 
of the town from whom it was taken." 
This letter is apparently genuine, and there is not a 
line in it showing maltreatment of the loyalists, much 
less the hanging of twenty-four of them, or any number 
of them whether "reputable" or not, in sight of the 

The next account is also from a British source. Riv- 
ing^on's Gazette was a loyalist paper published in New 


"The Honourable Lieutenant General Leslie, 
commander-in-chief of Charlestown, with his 
Suite, arrived here on Thursday in perfect health. 

On Thursday arrived the ship Dutchess of Gor- 
don, Captain Holmes, in i'5 days from Charles- 
town, (South Carolina). She sailed from thence 

•The Royal Gazette, New York, January 4, 1783. New York His- 
torical Society. 


on the 19th ult. with a fleet, consisting of about 
70 sail, 50 of which were bound for this port, 
having on board the Foreign and provincial troops, 
under convoy of his Majesty's ships, Assurance, 
Charlestown and Hound; the remainder, consist- 
ing of about 20 sail, parted with them off Charles- 
town Bar on the i8th bound for England. On the 
17th a fleet of upwards of 50 sail, with the British 
troops, and the principal part of the inhabitants of 
Charlestown, sailed from thence for Jamaica. 

Immediately on the embarkation of the King's 
troops, at Charles Town, the Rebel General Wayne, 
with about 5,000 Continental soldiers, took pos- 
session of the town, leaving a body of Cavalry to 
guard the passes, with strict orders not to molest 
any person going to the shipping. The rebels 
were so extremely polite, after the embarkation 
of the garrison, as not to hoist the rebel standard 
for three days, while the English fleet lay in the 

We are happy to inform the public that 4 more 
sail of the above mentioned fleet anchored with- 
in the Hook on Thursday afternoon, and the re- 
mainder with the convoy were then in sight. 

By the fleet from Charles-Town, we learn the 
following particulars: That the enemy had made 
an attempt and nearly eflfected the design, to cut 
off the necessary supply of fresh water from the 
shipping, which must have caused great delay 
but that a detachment, sent out by General Les- 
lie, forced them to abandon the enterprize, that 
they refused, to the last, any supplies of fresh 
provisions to be sent into the town, by which 
means much specie was brought hither, which 
otherwise would have remained in that province. 

A short time previous to the abandoning the 


town, flags were reciprocally received on neutral 
ground, for disposing of the merchandise, horses, 
etc., to the enemy which they readily purchased 
of the garrison. 

The military stores, troops, etc., being prepared 
for embarkation, the evacuation was effected with 
the greatest regularity, and without the least in- 
terruption from the enemy. 

We learn further, that when General Wayne 
took possession of Charles-Town, he ordered the 
houses that were shut up to be opened, treated the 
inhabitants with civility, and permitted them to 
carry on business as usual. That flags from the 
enemy had been received on board after the evacu- 
ation, that the treaty between the Governor and 
merchants had hitherto been inviolably held." 
It is, of course, possible that the scenes said to have 
been witnessed by the British officer may have occur- 
red without the knowledge of the persons on the ships 
at the time when they left Charleston and reached 
New York, yet this does not seem to be probable. 

Among the passengers on the fleet which left Charles- 
ton for England was Lieut. Gov. William Bull, the sec- 
ond of the name, who was a consistent loyalist dur- 
ing the whole war, though he never forgot the af- 
fectionate esteem in which he was held by all parties 
during the struggle. The following is an extract from 
his letter to the Secretary of State, dated January 19th, 
1783, from Torbay on the arrival of the fleet from 

"The rebel cavalry were at hand and came to 
the town that morning but General Leslie sent 
to them to forbid them approaching the water 
side of the town, until his troops were totally 
gone. A few straggling sailors had remained in 

•This extract was obtained by Messrs. B. F. Stevens and Brown. 


town, who were kindly treated by the American 
Cavalry and permitted to return to their ships. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 4( ♦ 4( ♦ 

(On the fleet, which consisted of 25 sail, were) 
* * the Crown officers, also many gentlemen 
and merchants who were in such a predicament 
in regard to their lives and property by the Laws 
and Declarations of the State of Carolina, that 
they dared not remain, besides many poor refugee 
loyalists who are destitute of every resource and 
even hope of gaining maintenance. The total 
number of those unhappy men and their families, 
white and black, who have evacuated this province 
into other countries, amounts at least to 9,000." 
The next publication is from the Gentleman's Maga- 
zine, the well-known English publication of the day". 

Charlestown, Dec. 17. 
"The vulture sloop with a fleet of upwards of 
fifty transports having the British troops and the 
principal part of the inhabitants on board sailed 
from thence for Jamaica. On the 19th a fleet con- 
sisting of about 70 transports, 50 of which were 
bound for New York, having on board the foreign 
and provincial troops, sailed under convoy of his 
majesty's ships Assurance, Charlestown, and Hound; 
the remaining 20 parted with them off Charles- 
town bar on the i8th bound for England. Imme- 
diately on the embarkation of the King's troops. 
Gen. Wayne with about 5,000 continental soldiers 
took possession of the town, and was so extremely 
polite as not to hoist the American Standard while 
the English fleet lay in the bay." 
This closes what we may call the contemporary ac- 
counts, that is to say, accounts written or purporting 
to be written immediately a fter the evacuation. The 
^Gentleman's Magazine, January, 1783, page 169. 


next allusion to the subject is from the South Carolina 
Gazette and General Advertiser,^ 

Charles-Town, Saturday, June 21, 
"The people of England are hereby informed, 
that the paragraph in the Morning Herald of the 
15th of April, of 'Gov. Mathews having grossly 
violated the public faith, by hanging up several 
of those betrayed, deluded, wretched people, who 
were promised protection, and remained in the 
province of South-Carolina, in consequence of the 
convention; and that he had sent no less than 
130 others to close confinement, in a common jail. — 
is altogether untrue — 'tis an impudent lie." 
Before commenting upon this denial it will be bet- 
ter to give the extract from the Morning Herald re- 
ferred to. It is as follows": 


''Notwithstanding the convention entered into 
by Gen. Leslie, and the American Governor 
Mathewes, of South Carolina, in which the King's 
adherents, who remain in that province, are 
promised protection, until they can dispose of their 
property, and find conveyances to carry them 
from the continent, it appears by letter from 
Georgia, dated the beginning of last month, which 
came here through the channel of S*. Thomas's, 
that M'. Mjathewes has grossly violated the public 
faith, by hanging up several of those betrayed, de- 
luded, wretched people, and that he had sent no 
less than 130 others to close confinement in a com- 
mon jail." 
It will be seen that the "twenty-four reputable Loyalists" 

"Saturday, June 21st, 1783. Charleston Library Society. 

"The Morning Herald and Daily Advertiser, Tuesday, April 15, 
1783 — copy obtained by B. F. Stevens & Brown, from file in British 


of Judge Jones have shrunk to "several/ but it shows 
that rumors at least of the "hanging up" of loyalists had 
been spread some time after the evacuation, whether 
derived from the same British officer or not. The 
denial given in Charleston is certainly emphatic. It 
may, of course, be said that it referred only to the 
charge against Governor Mathews. In these days the 
denial would probably have been accompanied by a 
letter from Governor Mathews, whose term had then 
expired, and there would probably have been a full de- 
scription of what really occurred, but all news in those 
days was printed in the fewest words possible, and 
"space" was too valuable to allow for extended com- 
ment. Search has been made in the Miorning Herald 
for several months after the denial in the Chareston 
paper for any mention of the denial, or re-assertion of 
the charge, but none has been found. 

The next publication in order of time is from Ram- 
say's Revolution in South Carolina". 

"The evacuation though officially announced by 
General Leslie on the seventh of August, as a 
measure soon to be adopted, did not take place 'till 
the fourteenth of December, 1782. On that and 
the succeeding dajrs the British went on board 
their shipping, and the town was entered by Gov- 
ernor Mathews, and the Amierican army, without any 
confusion or disorder. Those who remained in 
Charleston felt themselves happy in being delivered 
from the severities of a garrison life. The exiled citi- 
zens experienced sensations more easily conceived than 
cjxpressed, on returning to their houses and estates." 
Dr. Ramsay was born in Pennsylvania, but had re- 
moved in early life to Charleston, and was an ardent 
patriot throughout the war. He was one of the citi- 
zens who was imprisoned at St. Augustine for their 

"Ramsay's History of the Revolution in South Carolina, Vol. II, 
p. 384. 


loyalty to America, but had been exchanged and was a 
member of the Jacksonborough Assembly. While there he 
voted against the acts confiscating the property of 
Tories, and he was not, as is known, vindictive in his 
nature. His book was published in 1785 and was, of 
course, written earlier than that date. He was not 
present at the evacuation, but must have heard of the 
hanging, if it did take place, and would scarcely have 
used the expressions found in his history written about two 
years afterwards, had he known of its occurrence. 

The account containing most particulars is that of 
General William Moultrie, and it is published here in 


"On Saturday, the fourteenth day of December, 
1782, the British troops evacuated Charlestown, af- 
ter having possession two years, seven months, 
and two days. 

The evacuation took place in the following man- 
ner: Brigadier General Wayne was ordered to 
cross Ashley River,* with jthree hundred light 
infantry, eighty of Lee's cavalry, and twenty ar- 
tillery, with two six pounders, to move down to- 
wards the British lines, which was near Colonel 
Shubrick's, and consisted of three redoubts. Gen- 
eral Leslie, who commanded in town, sent a mes- 
sage to General Wayne, informing him that he 
would next day leave the town, and for the peace 
and security of the inhabitants, and of the town, 
would propose to leave their advanced works 
next day at the firing of the morning gun; at 
which time General Wayne should move on slow- 
ly, and take possession ; and from thence to follow 

^Moultrie's Memoirs of the American Revolution, Vol. II, p. 358. 
^General Greene's army lay off the west side of Ashley River, 
above the ferry. 


the british troops into town, keeping at a respect- 
ful distance (say about two hundred yards) and 
when the British troops, after passing through 
the town gates, should file off to Gadsden's wharf, 
General Wayne was to proceed into town, which 
was done with great order and regularity, except 
now and then the British called to General Wayne 
that he was too fast upon them, which occasioned 
him to halt a little. About ii o'clock, A. M. the 
American troops marched into town and took 
post at the state-house. 

At 3 o'clock, P. M. General Greene conducted 
governor Mathews, and the Council, with some 
others of the citizens into town; we marched in, 
in the following order : an advance of an officer and 
thirty of Lee's dragoons; then followed the gov- 
ernor and General Greene, the next two were Gen- 
eral Gist and myself, after us followed the council, 
citizens and officers, making altogether about fifty ; 
one hundred and eighty cavalry brought up the 
rear; we halted in Broad street, opposite where 
the South Carolina bank now stands, there we 
alighted, and the cavalry discharged to quarters: 
afterwards, every one went where they pleased; 
some in viewing the town, others in visiting their 
friends. It was a grand and pleasing sight to see 
the enemy's fleet (upwards of three hundred sail) 
laying at anchor from Fort Johnson to Five- 
fathom-hole, in a curve line, as the current runs, 
and what made it more agreeable, they were ready 
to depart from the port. The great joy that was 
felt on this day, by the citizens and soldiers, was 
inexpressible: the widows, the orphans, the aged 
men and others, who, from their particular situa- 
tions, were obliged io remain In Charlestown, 
many of whom had been cooped up in one room 


of their own elegant houses for upwards of two 
years, whilst the other parts were occupied by the 
British officers, many of whom were a rude uncivil 
set of gentlemen; their situations, and the many 
mortifying circumstances occurred to them in that 
time, must have been truly distressing. I cannot 
forget that happy day when we marched into 
Charlestown with the American troops: it was a 
proud day to me, and I felt myself much elated, at 
seeing the balconies, the doors and windows 
crowded with the patriotic fair, and aged 
citizens and others, congratulating us on our return 
home, saying, *God bless you, gentlemen ! you are wel- 
come home, gentlemen!' Both citizens and soldiers 
shed mutual tears of joy. 

It was an ample reward for the triumphant sol- 
dier, after all the hazards and fatigues of war, 
which he had gone through, to be the instrument of 
releasing his friends and fellow citizens from cap- 
tivity, and restoring to them their liberties and 
possession of their city and country again. 

This fourteenth day of December, 1782, ought 

never to be forgotten by the Carolinians; it ought 

to be a day of festivity with them, and it was the 

real day of their deliverance and independence." 

General Moultrie was, of course, present at the evacuation 

and although his account was not published until 1802, 

when he was already advanced in life, yet he was the 

very soul of honor, and noted for his humanity, and 

consideration for all his fellow citizens, Whig or Tory. 

It seems incredible that he should have known of the 

hanging of loyalists and yet written the account here 


The next authority is from Major Alexander Gar- 
den's "Anecdotes." He was a menAer of Lee's legion, 
but it is not known whether he was present at the 


evacuation. He certainly was here very soon after- 
wards. His truthfulness is acknowledged on all 

"A considerable detachment of infantry that had 
crossed during the night at Ashley Ferry, under the 
command of Major James Hamilton, and a com- 
pany of artillery under Captain Singleton, joined at 
daylight, and the whole under the direction of Gen. 
Wayne, moved towards the British out-post at Shu- 
brick's ;" but, before any indication of hostility could 
be shown, a gentleman of respectability advanc- 
ing, proposed on the part of General Leslie, 'That 
no impediment should be oflfered to embarkation; 
in which case, he pledged himself that no injury 
should be done to the town. But, in the event 
of attack, he should use every means to insure 
security, and not be answerable for any conse- 
quences that might follow.' General Wayne gave 
a ready consent to the proposition, and immedi- 
ately withdrew his troops to Accabee — ^not to re- 
fresh them, for they were totally destitute of food — 
but to prepare themselves, to make as handsome 
an appearance as circumstances would admit of, 
on the following morning. On the 14th at day- 
break, a gun was fired to apprize the British of 
the approach of the American force, which 
now moved forward towards the city. Arrived 
at their lines, as the ramparts were mounted, the 
Yaugers were seen retiring about fifty yards in 
front; and some of our oflficers, not in command, 
rode forward, and conversed with those of the 
army who were embarking. Orders had been is- 
sued by General Leslie, for the inhabitants to re- 
main in their houses, and so strictly obeyed that 

"Anecdotes of the Revolutionary War in America, First Series^ 
p. 369. These anecdotes are "told with transparent fidelity," says 
Sir George Otto Trevelyan, American Revolution, part 1, p. 88. 

"Now 'The Country Club." 


the Main Guard-House had actually been taken 
possession of by Captain Rouvrey, of the Mary- 
land Dine, before it was known that our troops 
were in the city. It appeared, however, that the 
enemy were not without suspicion that they might 
receive a parting blow — for gallies in the Ashley 
and Cooper Rivers dropped down in a line with our 
troops, the whole length of the Neck ; and in front 
of the Bay, as the cavalry moved in their view, 
the men of war and armed vessels were ranged, 
with lighted matches, and every preparation for 
action ; but not a shot was fired on either side, and 
the articles of convention strictly adhered to. 

In the evening Gen. Greene entered the 
town, and was received with respectful homage. 
Great rejoicing could not be expected, as the per- 
sons found in the garrison were chiefly British 
merchants, who remained with permission to dis- 
pose of their goods, or Americans who had sub- 
mitted, and who, though rejoiced at heart, might 
have considered it as indecorous to have shown 
external manifestation of it. The guard at night 
was committed to the Legion; and, in a very lit- 
tle time,' every apartment was crowded with sol- 
diers and sailors, who had emerged from their 
hiding places, and surrendered themselves, or who 
were brought in by the patrols, being found at 
improper hours in the streets. On the following 
morning General Wayne called at an early hour 
at the Guard House, and handsomely said — 'I wish 
not to take advantage of circumstances. If there 
are any men among you who have inadvertently 
remained behind, and not with the intention to 
quit the British standard, let them speak; they 
shall not be regarded as prisoners, but be imme- 
diately conveyed on board the fleet.' Nineteen 


sailors, stepping forward, declared, 'That they had 
only remained on shore to see the end of a frolic, 
and that they should be glad to profit by his gener- 
ous offer.' Lieutenant Middleton, with a proper 
compliment to General Leslie for the handsome 
manner in which he had prevented the town from 
being injured, embarked with- a flag of truce, and 
delivered the men in his charge to Commodore 
Sweeney, who commanded the Naval department." 
The Legislature of South Carolina met at Charleston 
the 24th day of January, 1783. In his message to that 
body Governor Mathews makes no mention whatever of 
any disorder accompanying the evacuation. After calling 
attention to his agreement with the British merchants, he 
uses the following language with regard to persons remain- 
ing in Charleston without permission: 

"After my entrance into this town, I found a 
number of persons here, who had formerly been 
citizens of this State, but who had continued to 
reside under the British Government in Charles- 
town, until its Dissolution; whose cases it was 
thought adviseable by the Privy Council, to refer 
to the General Assembly. It is therefore left 
with you to decide on their future Destiny. 

There are also in this town, a number of per- 
sons, who are British Subjects, and who remained 
here after the evacuation without any condition 
on the part of this State. I have considered most 
of them as prisoners to the State, and have paroll- 
ed them accordingly, untill the meeting of the 
Legislature. It now remains with you to deter- 
mine on their several cases." " 
Again in June, 1783, the Court of Sessions for 
the trial of criminals met in Charleston. It was pre- 

"South Carolina Weekly Gasette, Feb. 15. 1783, Vol. No. 1. Charles- 
ton Library Society. 


sided over by Judge iEdanus Burke, an Irishman, who 
although a strong patriot and democrat during the 
whole war, was known for his humanity and hatred of 
violence of any kind committed without authority of 
law. In his charge to the Grand Jury, he says: " 

"Our citizens from a habit of putting their ene- 
mies to death, have reconciled their minds to the 
killing of each other; and it is too true, I fear, that 
man by custom, may be so brutalized, as to relish 
human blood the more he has shed of it. Not 
to mention the many assassinations in the coun- 
try, no less than four men have been slain in 
Charlestown since we regained it." 
The slayers of these four men were brought to trial be- 
fore him at that term. Had he known that twenty-four 
men had been murdered only six months before within a 
few hundred yards of the Court House "after we regained 
possession of the city" would he have used the language 
quoted above ? 

In addition to the search that has been made for di- 
rect accounts of the evacuation, the petitions by loy- 
alists for compensation for the loss of property under 
the Act of Parliament giving compensation for losses 
m the American war have been examined. Any loy- 
alists who were hanged must have had heirs, and, if the vic- 
tims were reputable citizens, as stated by Judge Jones, 
though Mr. Smith does not so describe them, they probably 
had property which was seized or destroyed, but no state- 
ments with regard to personal outrages are found in any of 
the petitions filed either personally or by legal representa- 

It is to be expected that at some future time still 
further contemporary accounts may be discovered, but 
enough has been published here to warrant the hope 
that Professor Smith, when he publishes the next edi- 
tion of his work, will omit this charge, or at least call 
^S. C. GasetU and General Adtkrtiser, June ICX 1783. 


attention to the fact that it has been questioned on 
good authority. 

It may be of interest in this connection to know the 
numbers of persons, not counting the troops, who left 
Charleston on the fleet. The return has been pub- 
hshed before. ** 


13th DECEMB'., 1782. 

Whence To Whites. 

Bmbarked. What Place. Men. Women. Chil'd'n. BlacfcB. Total 

(Jamaica 600 300 378 2,618 3,891 

Baat Florida . .630 306 887 1,658 2,926 

. 166 67 119 558 900 

Charlestown ( England 137 74 68 50 324 

Halifax 168 188 121 58 470 

New York 100 40 50 50 240 

St. Lucia 20 350 870 

1.816 910 1,068 6,327 9,121 

**Mass. Historical Society Miscellaneous Papers, 1769-1793. Vol. 
V. p. 139. 


(Continued from the October Number.) 



Doct' : W Pillans C Town Mary Hayne S. C Town 

April 10 
Lord W" Campbell Scotland Sarah Izard S. C Town 

April 17 
John Rutledge C T Eliza Grimke S C T May i 
Tho' Loughton Smith C T EUiz Inglis S C T May 29 
John Troup C T Frances Gordon S C T May 30 
Jacob Motte C T Ann Pickering W C T June 
Elias Vanderhorst C T Mary Cooper S C T July 12 
William Baker C T Martha Screven S. Ja* Isl* July 17 
John Champneys C T Ann Livingston S C T Nov 3 


John AUston Winyaw Mary Faucheraud S C Town June 
John Limmocks S' Bart Elizabeth Sleigh S' Bart Nov' 9 
Joseph Ladson Plant: S* Bart Martha Hampton S 

S' Bart Nov' 22 
Benj'. Singleton PI: S' Bart .Elizabeth S' John S 

S* Bart Dec' 10 
Jacob Glesson Ann Hipp Dec' 20 
James Postell Esq' P: S* Bart Gather: Douxaint C 

Town Dec' 30 
Geo Abbot Hall C T Lois Mathewes S C Town Feb : 14 
Mlaurice Simons C T Mary Mitchel S P Geo. July 19. 
Tho' Foley Capt Ship Escorte Catherine Melechamps S. 

S* And". Nov' 4 
W" Henry Drayton C Town Dorothy Golightly S C T 

Marc 29 
James Fitch S* Pauls Helen Campbell S C T July 28 


Peter Bacot C Town Elis: Hamond S Nov' ii 
Henry Smith Goose Creek. Elis: Ball S S' John 

Dec' 13 
Rob* Gibbes Esq' ]n Island Sarah Reeves S Beaufort 



Gideon Dupont Jun' S* Bar Ann Jackson Spins S* 

Bar January 6 
John Hatfield Chandler C Town Sarah Swallows S C T 

Janu 6 
Benj' Garden Planter Prince W"': Amelia Goddin S 

S* George Jan: 17 
Capt : Jn* Jennings Bermuda Mary Dutarque S* Tho' : 

Jan 20 
John S Dart Merch : Cha Town Martha Motte S C T 

Janu 23 
Ja' : Evans alias Cunningham Martha Givens S Beauf * : 

Feb: 4 
Thomas Hall Dorothy Jones S' Bar Feb 7 
George Crofts Merch C Town Eliza: Leger C T Feb. 14 
D' Michael Hacket S' Pauls Eliza White W Monks 

Comer Feb. 14 
Timothy Dargan S* Bart Ann Beasley S* Bart Feb. 19 
Lambert Lance Merc: C Town Ann Magd: Kerne S 

C Town Feb. 21 
W" Smith Planter Elizabeth Dalton S' Bar Feb 23 
John Palmer Ann Greaves March 21 
David Bruce Merch: C Town Eleanor Ehyden S C T 

April 7 
Thomas Yeomans Dorcas Fendin April 10 
Benjamin Waring, Planter, Esq. S* George Ann Waring 

Spin S* George April 18 
William Gould Ann Qark S* Bart April 15 
Joseph Law Planter S* Bart Mary Bradwell S S' B 

April 23 
Richard Williamson Planter S* Pauls Tobitha Eddings S 

S* Pauls April 23 


Richard Walter Merchant I>orchester Harriet Cantey S 

C. Church May 2*: 
Andrew Reid Rope M : C Town Eliza : Sarrazin S C T 

May 5 

Jn' Theus Jn' Island Simmons W Jn* Is. May 

John Lambright, Shoem S* Bart Sarah Boggs S S* Bart 

June 6 
Thomas Waring Mer Cha Town Mary Waring S. S' 

Geo: June 13 
Thomas Grimball Att' ditto Mary Prioleau S C T 

June 23 
Champemoun W" Son PI. S* Pauls Charlotte Mazyck S 

C T July 4 
Jn* Nevin Isabella Orr S July 14 
John Mitchell Planter S* Pauls M'Pherson W C T 

July 18 
Isaac Hayne Planter S' Bart Eliza: Hutson S C T 

July 18 
ly John Powell S' Helena Martha Mleggett S S' Helena 

Sept' 3 
W" Saxby Colt Carpenter S* Bart Elizabeth Millar 

S' Barth Aug* 29 
C F Chevalier Dancing M S' Bart Sarah Fullerton W 

S* Bart Sep': i 
Benj": Eddings Planter Edisto Mary Baily Sep' 20 
W" Gregory Ann Leacroft Oct 20 
W" Hope Mer: Beaufort Mary Smith S Beauf*. 

October 25 
Rob* Watts Jane Ferguson Nov' 21 
Thomas Timmons S' Bart Susanna Timmons S* Bart 

Dec' 2 
W" Webber Overseer S* Bart Sarah Smith Dec' 5 
John Thompson S* Bart Johanna Kilvart April 10 
Richard Stevens Plan. Beaufort Mary Smith Beaufort 

Dec' 18 
John Hughes Ann Dinsley Dec' 28 

Tho' Grange S* Bart Sarah Singleton S* Bart Dec' 31 
John Rosse Eliz M'Gilvray W C T Jan' 


Alex' Walker C Town Ann Fairchild S S* Paul June 
William Scott S' And''. Sarah Brailsford S S* George 

Oct' 17 
Laclan Mcintosh S' And' Elis Smith S S* And" Oct' 17 
Robert Rowand C To- Mary McKewn S* Paul Sept' 12 


Andrew Hibben C T Winwood W. C C. P. 

Jan. 8 
Robert Allyn S* Bar Sarah Jerdan Jan': i 
John Eustace S' Bar Ann Thomas W S* Bar Jan : 12 
W" Baker S* Bar Ann Sanders W S* Bart Jan 13 
James Skirving Jun' S* Bart Sarah Vinson S S* Bart 

Jan 16 
W" Findlay S* Bart Mary Boswood S S* Bart Jany 28 
W" Cummins Ann Watkins Feb': 10 
Tho". Buer Jacksonburg Rachel Baily W S* Bar Feb 13 
Phil Smith Esq' : S' Bart Eliza: Stobo W S' Pauls 

April 17 
James Creighton C Town Leslie Anderson S S* Bar* 

March 6 
Benj": Villepontoux C Town Jane Dupont S S' Peter 

April I 
Josiah Dupont S* Bart Ann Dupont S S* Bart April i 
Charles Odinsell S* Pauls Sarah Livingston W S' Pauls 

April 3 
W" Skirving S* Bart Mary Sheheveral S S' Pauls 

April 10 
Barnard Elliott C Town Mary Elliott S S* Pauls 

April 27 
Thomas Baker C Town Esther Baker S S* Andrew 
Edward Bower S* Pauls Mary Hyatt S S' Bart April 29 
Samuel Boswood S* Bart Sarah Hippe S* Bart April 29 
Joseph Wood Mary Sullivan April 30 
Francis Browne MJary Boone May 21 
Joseph Spry S* Pauls Gather: Tookerman S S* Bart 

May 29 


Tho* Jones C T Mary Townsend S C T June 4 
Jacob Donnom S' Bart Catherine Kirk June 10 
James Caveneau S' Bart Mary Douglas W S* Bart 

June 3 
Jacob Stevens Jun' S* Bart Mary Gough S S* Bart 


Alex' Gillon C T Mary Cripps W C T 6 

John Sharpless S' Bart Ann Sleigh S S* Bart July 17 
Thomas Bole S* George Jane Clifford S S' Bart 

July 22 
Edward Splatt S' Pauls Esther Dean S S' Pauls July 24 
Lionel Chalmers C T Elizabeth Warden C T Aug. 2 
Joseph Loyd Sarah Mitchel Aug: 20 
James Whaley S* Bart Sarah Denny Sept'. 7 

Alex' Michie C T Henrietta Carroll S C T 9 

John Dawney Sarah Storey Sept' 23 

Joseph Bee S' Pauls Ester Ferguson S S' Bart Oct' 2. 

Samuel Wadingham S' Bart Rebecca Shoemaker S 

S* Bart Oct': 28 
Samuel Prioleau Jun' C Town Catherine Gordon S 

S* Johns Oct: 9 
Francis Qayton Mary Colcock S Nov' 16 
Alex': Mackey Mlary Williams Nov' 26 

Benj. Guerard C T Sarah Middleton S Beauf 29 

John Evans Jun' Sarah Fripp Noy' 26 
Gabriel Stock Ann Hampton S S* Bar Dec' 3 
James Postel Esq Dorchester Elizabeth Girardeau S* B 
John Mathewes Esq C Town Mary Wragg C Town 

Dec' 8 
W" Somensall S* Christo Sarah Legare S CT D — 11 

[The above line erased in original. 1 
Hugh Cambpell Jacks'burg Eliza Reily S* Pauls 

April 16 
William Swinton S* Pauls Sarah Baron W S* Bart 

June 12" 
Tho' Skottowe Lucia Bellinger S Dec: 30" 
John Barnwell Beaufort Eliz Fenwick S C Town 

Jan 30*" 



Tho' Lind Catherine Smith Dec: 30 

Robert Hume Goose creek Susannah Himie* S S* Tho* 

Ap* 24 
George Baillie Joanna Crook S Dec: 30 
John Harleston S* Johns EUis: Faucheraud S C T 

Ap' 24 
Tho" Fuller S* And' Elis: Miles W Sep' 7 
Cap* Jn** Moncrief Mary Fley S Sep' 29 
Alex' Chisolm C T Christiana Chisolm S. C. T. Oct' 5 


Andrew Cunningham C Town Marg' : Cochran* W 

S* Bart Jan' 4*' 
Joseph Dobbins Mary Grange S' Bart Jan' 8 
W" Somersel West Indies Sarah Legare S S Town 

Jan 16 

C Town Ann Hervey S C Town 
Marg* : Prioleau S P W. 
Jane McPherscms S ditto 

C Town 
March 6 

John Mathewes 

Feb 22 
James Fraser P Williams 

Feb 2 - 
Henry DeSaussure ditto 

Feb 22 
Thomas Netherclift C Town Ann McQueen S 

Feb: 22 
James Hazel Jun' Susan Foissin Santee 
Anthony La Motte C Town Dorcas Randall S C T March 8 
William Cat tell S* Andrews Sabina Lynch S C T d* : 
James Gordon C Town Cat : Smith S N York March 10 
John Huger D'- - - Charlotte Motte S C T March 15 
Edmund Bellinger S* Bart Mary Cossens S Georgia D' - - 
Thomas Hartly Stono Mary Hyatt W S' Bart March 26 
Hugh Thompson S* Bart Mary Penny W S' Bart 

March 29 

*The church register of St. Thomas and St. Denis gives the mar- 
riage of Robert Hume and Susanna Quash, April 24, 1/66. 

*She was Elizabeth Mellirchamp, and married Edward Miles in 

■The widow of D'. John Cochran— ^S'. C. Gazette, Jan. 5, 1767. 


Thomas White S* Bart Rebecca Harden S S' Bart 

April IS 
John Connor Gather: RoUes S* Bart April 21 
Benj" Seabrook Sarah Calder Edisto May i 
Joseph Dobson Eliza: Nichols May 3 

Richard Martin S' Bart Martha Woodcroft S S* Bart 

May 6 
John Jones Marg Hamilton May 14 
John Millis Rebecca Swansey May 31 

John Moore Sarah Fletcher June 9 

Benj": Toomer Mary Nichols June 10 

James Jones S* Bart Ann Vinson S S* Bart Jime 15 
Samuel Nichols Ann Ferguson June 25 

Francis Rose S' Andrew Eliz: Linning S C Town 

July 3 
Patrick Carrol S' Bart Mary Brown July 6 

James Graham Georgia Sarah Stuart S C Town July 16 
Benj" : Huger C Town Mary Golightly S S' Bart 

Aug I 
Joseph Baynard Eliz: Hosford July 25 

John Anderson S* Bar Beatrix Gordon W S* Bart 

Aug I 
John Baker C Town Amy Legare S C Town 

Oct: 13 
John Bum Esq D'- - - Ann Baron W D'* \ 

James Stanyarne Jn' Island Henrietta Raven W D* b r f o 
Alex' Alexander C Town Rachel Anderson S D* ^ ( g <;; 
I>avid Guerard Santee Judith de S* Julien S D' / * 
Edward Griffith C Town Martha Miles S S* Bart 

Nov': 19 
George Blakie Eliz : Rosse W C Town Nov' : 22 
Thomas Bell Anne Murray 

James Saunds CTown Hannah Dewick S 

Dorch : Dec 4 
Hon:Tho'Skottowe*Esq D' Lucia Bellinger S A. River 

Dec 30 

*This marriage took place in Dec, 1766, and is so recorded in 
the Hayne Record, then repeated here. 


Gabriel Capers S* Thomas Mart : Wetherston S. C Town 

Dec' I 
Edward Thomas S' Johns Ann Gibbes S C Town 

Sep' 29 
Peter Valton C Town Eliz Timothy S D* 

Nov' 3 
John IvrCall C Town Charlotte Glen D* 

Nov 9 Tim* Nov' 17 
Bobert Beard before Nov' 30. Tim. Mary Colles S D* 

Dec' 8 
Daniel Stevens C Town Patience Norton D" 

Dec' 6: Tim 
Wilson Code S' Bart Sarah Newton W S* Bart Dec' 15 

Edward Oats C T Walker S March 

D' John Delahowe C T Boyd W C T Ap' 23 

Tho' Savage C T Mary Butler S Georgia Ap' 21 
Frances Varambant C T Angelica La Tour S C T 

July 2y 
Anthony Toomer C T Ann Warham S C T Aug' 2 
George Greenland Charlotte Warley S Dec'. 
[The above line erased in original.] 

George Thomson C T Jean Yorston S Scotland 

W" Haggot England Walter S Dec' [13] 

Ralph Izard May i" S" Caro Alice Delancy S N York 

Daniel Price Eleanor Jones S April 

Rob' Swainston Watbro Deborah Sabb S S' THo' 

Feb: IS 
Jn* Lord — Carver Marg* Brown S Goose creek Feb. 19 
And'' Rutledge C T Elis Gadsden S C T Sept': 24 


Richard NicoUs C Town Ann M*Gaw S C T Jan — 
Daniel Horry Esq' Santee Harriet Pinckney S C Town 

■Refers to Timothy's paper, the South Carolina Gasette, there be- 
ing two other papers at this period, the South Carolina Gasette and 
Country Journal, edited by Charles Crouch, and the South Carolina 
and American General Gazette, edited by Robert Wells. 


Charles Shej^eard C Town Eliz : RadcHffe S C Town 

David Dott C Town Sarah Baker S Ash : Riv' Feb 13*' 
Rev* Jn* Thomas C Town Mary LamboU S C Town 

Jn* Richardson S* Augustine Amy Welchu)rsen S. C T 

Mar: 27- T 
Jn* Bull Esq' C Town Eleanor Puirry S Beaufort 

March 31. T 
Roger Smith C Town Mary Rutledge S C Town 

April 7. T 
W" Brisbane C Town Eunace Stevens S S* Andrews 

Nathaniel Fuller S* Andrews Ann Fuller S S* Andrew 

Tho' Osborne S' Bartho: Catherine Spry W S* Pauls 

Francis Roche S* Thorn': Mary Jennings S May 

Charles Motte C Town Eliza : Roche S S* Thom* May 
Jacob E>eveaux C Town Eliza: Barnwell S Beaufort 

James M^Kensie C Town Ann Immer W Purrysburg 


Jn* Bohum Girardeau S* Barth Hannah Maybank W 

S' Barth Aug: 18'" 
Rev* Jn° Tonge S* Pauls Susan : Perry S S* Pauls 

Sept: 5 T 
Francis Baker C Town Ann Simkins S C Town Sept : 
Rob* Dillon C Town Christian Chiffelle S Purrysburg 

Oct:6. T 
Bennet Oldham C Town M" M'Cartey Beaufort Oct: 
W" Richardson C Town Ann Guignard S £* : Oct : [ 1 1 ] 
Thomas Doughty C Town Mary Legare S C Town 

Oct: 10". T 

\ Oct' 30 St : Jane Douxsaint S C Town 
Sam* Thomas \ Nov: 

Jn* Colcock ( Tim C Town Amelia Jones S S Town 
) Nov 


Richard Waring S' George Ann Branford S S' James 

Nehemiah Rivers James Isl*: Bulah Law S Nov' 

James Christie Hepsibah Rose S S* Pauls Nov' 19. T 
John Scott C Town Sar : Perronneau S C Town Dec' 
Thomas Ladson Johns Isr: Mary Cole S Johns Island 

Isaac Drose Dorchester Mary Eli: Drose Dorchester 

Nathaniel Barnwell Beaufort Eliza: Wait S Wadmelaw 

I Dec': 
Richard Neitcher [ ?] Chehaw Martha Waley Hutsons Is 

Jamjes Roulain Angelica Varambaut W. July 18 
James Cook Prov : Surveyor Sarah Millhouse S Camden 

Sept' 15 


Jn Amory Elis: Cantle W Jan' 

Richard Todd Elis : Winbom S Jan' 

John Horlbeck Elis : Gallman W Feb' : 

Amout Seermerhom Mary Mackey W Feb: 23 
Turner Vardell Elis: Tucker S April 

D' Alex' Fitsgerald N' Carol Beatty W S' Bart May 1 1 
D' W" Remington Edisto Ann Eaton Edisto May 14 
John Webb C Town Mary Doughty S C Town Jan: 
William Skirving S' Pauls Anne Holland Hutchinson S 

S* Bart Jan 12: 
Benj' Lewis Merchant W Indies Fran : Clau : Timothy S 

C Town Jan 
Stephen Drayton Esq' S* Lukes Elizab: Waring S 

C Town Jan 
William Wragg Esq' C Town Henrietta Wragg S 

C Town Feb 5 
John Savage Ninety Six Ann Gaillard S Feb: 

Capt George Higgins Snow Portland Eliza: CoUis S 

C Town Feb. 12*' 
William Lee C Town Ann Theus S C Town Feb : 


Basil Cowper Georgia Mary Smith S Georgia Feb : 
James Skirving Esq' C Town Charl: Mathewes W 

C Town Marc: i8 
William Telfair Georgia Elisa : Bellinger S S* Andrews 

Mar 21 
Roger Pinckney Esq' C Town Sarah Hume W S' Johns 

Mar 26 
James Hervey C Town Mary Gibbes S S' Bart Mar 23 
Thomas Walter C Town Ann Lesesne S Daniels Isld 

Mar 26 
John M'Kensie Esq' C Town Sarah Smith S C Town 

April 3 
James Cassells Esq' C Town Ann Mann S Blk River 

Alexander Wright Georgia Eliz. Izzard S Goosecreek 

Apr: 6 
D' George Haig S' Pauls Sarah M'Kewn S S' Pauls 

May 2 
John Perkins Prince Will": Sarah Cossens S Georgia 

William Johnson C Town Sarah Nightingale S. C Town 

May 15 
Thomas Corbett C Town Margaret Harleston S June 8 
Jn* Bull C Town Sarah Philips S Jamaica July 16 
Goddin Guierard Prince Wil" : Ann Mathewes S. C Town 

Aug 23 
D'Archib: McNeil C Town Eliza : Postell S Dorchester 

Richard Wayne C Town Eliza: Qifford S S' Bartho 

Sep': 14 
Jn* Brailsford C Town Eliza: Muncreef S C Town 

Nov': 30 
Paul Trapier Esq' Geo: Town M" Waties W. June 
Cha': August: Steward Capt Reg*: Sarah Powell S 

Pedee River June 15 
Peter Boquet C Town M*Laughlan S S* Pauls June 
William Miles Ashepoo Mary Elliott S S* Andrews 

Oct': 26 


George Ancrom C Town Gather: Porcher S G Town 

Nov' 27 
Eli Kershaw Rockingham Mary Ganty S GamMen 

Nov' 19 
Peter Goustiell Jacksonsb': Mary Hext W S* Bart 
Henry Webster Ditto Susanna Ford W Round O 

Mlay 18 
Robert Little Jacksonburg Ann Hext W. Jacksonb': 

June 8 
♦Thomas Smith S' Bart — Hannah Gockran S Ghehaws 

Mar 22 
Robert Hawie Susannah Lesesne Dec 14 
♦Roger Smith Mary Rutledge April 
Bernard Beekman Elis: Scott W. Dec 14 
♦Nathaniel Fuller Ann Fuller S. April 

♦W" Brisbane Stevens S. April 

♦Mathias Hutchinson Jane Perdriau S June 
John Wilson Mary Rivers S. Dec' : 14. 

*These names have lines drawn through them in the original. 

(To be continued in the next number of this magasine.) 





























4f ^ ,^ ^ 

♦• ♦M 










By Henry A. M. Smith. 


The town of Radnor was another of the early pro- 
jected towns in lower South Carolina that attained to 
but a short lived existence. Among the Baronies 
granted by the Lords Proprietors of the Province to- 
wards the end of their dominion, was one of 12,000 acres to 
Charles Edwards on 25 October, 1726. Altho' the grant 
was to Charles Edwards, it was really for Thomas Lowndes, 
in whose fetvor a declaration to that effect was made by 
Edwards on 5th July, 1727, One half of this Barony was 
by Lowndes transferred (8th September, 1732) to the 
Honorable William Bull, afterwards for some years Lieu- 
tenant Governor of the Province.* 

The Barony as surveyed out, was in two tracts — one 
of 10,000 acres and the other of 2.000 acres. Bull ob- 
taining one-half or 5,000 acres of the first tract and 
1,000 acres of the other. Both these tracts were in what 
was then Granville County, and is now Beaufort Coun- 
ty, between the Combahee River and Pocotaligo River. 

The first tract he settled himself, part of it forming 
his Sheldon plantation. To his son, Stephen Bull, he 
apparently gave the whole or a part of the smaller tract of 
1,000 acres, which was known as "Newbury." On an 
adjacent tract, lying on the Combahee River, he laid out 
the town of Radnor. 

According to the maps the town was laid out in 
1734- No entry has been found on the minutes of the 
Council when this plan was approved by the Council as 
then required by Statute; but on 11 March, 1737, an 
Act was passed by the General Assembly' reciting: 

"Whereas, the inhabitants on both sides of Comba- 

*M. C. 0.— Charleston County, Book 8, p. 86. 

•Statutes of So. Ca., Vol. 6, p. 625. 


"hce River near the ferry, by" their petition to the Gen- 
"eral Assembly of this Province, have set forth the dis- 
"advantages they are under by being at too great a dis- 
"tance from any public market to dispose of the pro- 
"duce of their plantations, and praying to be relieved 
"by a law to be passed for appointing a fair and mar- 
"kets in the town of Radnor on the said river in Gran- 
'Ville County: and whereas, it appears that the said town 
"is situate in the most convenient place on that river through 
'which the high road leading from Charlestown to Port 
"Royal and Purrysburg passes and that a common of 
"about seventy acres of land ioining to the said town is 
"given by the Honorable William Bull. Esquire, for the 
"use and benefit of the inhabitants of the same, and also 
"a square piece of land laid out for a market place and 
"certain lots of land for a chappel and free school in 
"the said town of Radnor as appears by the plan or 
"survey of the said town hereunto annexed, certified 
"the eighteenth day of August, in the year of our Lord 
"one thousand seven hundred and thirty-four by the 
"said William Bull." 

The Act then provides that an open public market 
shall be held in this market place in Radnor free from 
any toll for seven years, and to be held every Tuesday 
and Saturday, and that two fairs shall annually be held 
there, one to begin on the second Tuesday in May, 
and end on the next Friday, and the other to begin on 
the second Tuesday in October and end on the next 

The town had been located at the ferry over Com- 
bahee River where the high road from Beaufort to 
Charleston crossed the river. This road had been 
laid out under an Act passed in 1711* and the high road 
and ferry are in the same place today as then laid out. 

On 8th March, 1741, an Act was passed* directing 

•Statutes of So. Ca., Vol. 9, p. 14. 
nbid, p. 116. 


the building of a good and substantial bridge over 
Combahee River from the causeway to the Town of 
Radnor. The bridge must have been built and no 
doubt shared the fate of most bridges of the kind at 
that period, viz : to be carried away by flood or freshet, 
for in July, 1766, another Act was passed* establishing a 
ferry over Combahee River from Combahee causey 
to the opposite shore "where a bridge lately stood" in 
lieu of the bridge and vesting the ferry in Ste^rfien 
Bull for 14 years. The bridge seems never to have 
been rebuilt, as the later Acts all refer to, and grant it 
as a ferry. 

In November, 1763,* a petition was presented to the 
Provincial Council by certain inhabitants of Granville 
and Colleton Counties, stating that if the Town of Rad- 
nor, which is situated on the south side of Com- 
bahee River, was made a port of entry for loading and 
unloading ships of burden, it being the most conven- 
ient place for sudh purpose between Charlestown and 
Port Royal, it would encourage people to settle there. 

What action the Council took does not appear and 
neither Statutes nor Council Orders seem to have 
availed in building up Radnor. The town — if town 
it really ever was — disappears from mention. 

It is denoted as a town on de Brahm's map made 
in 1757, but it is not on Mouzon's map of 1775, and 
there is no further mention of it as such in the Statutes. 

The record does not disclose many sales of lots by 
Bull, and by his will, which was made in April, 1750, 
he devises a large number of lots to his children and 
grandson as if he still held, not having been able to 
dispose of them, viz : To his daughter Mary Henrietta — 
lots 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66; to his son William, lots 6, 
7, 8, 9, 10, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 27, 68; to his son-in-law 

•Ibid, p. 217. 

•Minutes of Council for 1763, p. 396. 


Thomas Drayton — lots 21, 22, 23, 27, 28, 29, 91, 92, 
83, 84, 85, 86, and to his grandson Stephen Bull — lots 
4, II, 12, 13, 14, 15. 

The map published with this is taken from one in the 
'office of the State Historical Commission at Columbia, 
and is no doubt either the original mentioned in the 
Act of 1737 or an authentic copy. 


The Town of Edmundsbury, sometimes misspelt 
Edmondsbury, was located on the west bank of the 
Ashepoo River, where the main public road from 
Charles Town to the southward crossed that river. 
It was situated on a tract of 600 acres on the Ashepoo 
River originally granted to the first Landgrave Edmund 
Bellinger, as part of his patent for 48,000 acres. By 
his will, dated loth October, 1705, Landgrave Edmund 
Bellinger devised this tract to his son Thomas Bel- 
linger, who dying intestate, it went to his brother Ed- 
mund Bellinger, the second Landgrave of that name.* 

The Town was laid out in 1740 on a part of this 600 
acres, apparently not during the lifetime of Landgrave 
, Edmund Bellinger, but presumably received its name 
from him. 

The public road crossing the river where the Town 
was subsequently located, was originally laid out under 
an Act passed loth November, 171 1, which directed that 
a road be laid out from St. Helena and Port Royal, 
to that part of Ashepoo River most convenient for 
crossing said river in the road to Charleston, and ap- 
pointed Mr. Edward Bellinger one of the commissioners 
for the purpose.* 

By an Act passed on 5** March, 1736/7, the commis- 
sioners are directed to build "a good and substantial 
"bridge over Ashepoo River at the place where the 

■Office Hist. Com". S. C. Memorial, Bk. 3, p. 136. 
•Statutes at Large, S. C, Vol. IX, p. 14. 


\ ■ 




"high road leading from Charles Town to Port Royal 
"now crosses the same that is to say, from that part 
"of a bluff on the plantation of Mr. Edmund Bellinger 
"commonly called Oketys where the said high road is 
"now laid out to the land of Benjamin Godin Esq' op- 
"posite thereto on the said river.'" 

Landgrave Edmund Bellinger, the second Landgrave, 
left a will dated 21 February, 1739.* 

He died about 5 March, 1739, as on that day his 
burial is recorded in the Parish Register of St. An- 
drew's. His will is not now to be found on record. The 
will books of that date are non-existent, but his will 
is recited in deeds executed by his widow, Mrs. Eliza- 
beth Bellinger, who was his executrix. * The record 
does not show that any lots in Edmundsbury were 
transferred before his death, nor is there any mention 
in the deeds examined on the record of any part of his 
will referring to the Town. 

The first public mention of the Town is in the statute 
of 8*"* March, 1741*. By that statute the commissioners 
were directed to lay out and keep in repair a road from 
the Town or Village of Edmondsbury, near Ashepoo 
Bridge, into the Salt Catcher road. 

In the volume of the Council Journal for 1742 the 
following occurs under date of 28*" May, 1742: 

"A Plan of the Town of St. Edmondsbury, situated 
"on the South side of Ashepoo river, in the Parish of 
"St. Bartholomew, in Colleton County in the Province 
"of South Carolina was laid before his Honor, the Lieut. 
"Govr. in Council and a Majority of His Majesty's 
"Hon*" Council being present for approbation and the 
"same was thereupon accordingly approved of by His 
"Honor, the Lieut: Gov' in Council Pursuant to the 

•Ibid., p. 56. 

*M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. G. G., p. 162. 
•M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. A, A., p. 10. 
•Statutes at Large. Vol. IX, p. 118. 


"Act of Gen*. Assembly in that case made and provid- 

In November, 1744, two lots, N*'. 3 and 13, in Ed- 
mondsbury, were conveyed by Elizabeth Bellinger, 
widow and executrix of Landgrave Edmund Bellinger, 
to William Buchanan of St. Helena Parish Merchant/ 
one of these lots, N*. 13, had been previously sold to 
Richard Webb, who transferred his interest to William 
Buchanan. From the description of the lots in this 
deed it appears that one street, fronting on the river, 
was known as the "Bay." 

This word "bay" is one which seems very generally 
to have been applied in Lower South Carolina at that 
period in Towns on rivers or water courses, to the 
streets which fronted directly on the water. 

Very few transfers of lots appear on record, and there 
is little except the scanty notices in the public statutes 
to show anything of the history of the Town. 

An Act was passed 25 May, 1745,* for founding and 
establishing a Chapel of Ease at the Town of Edmunds- 
bury. This statute recites; that a petition had been 
presented, stating that the Town or Village of Ed- 
mundsbury on Ashepoo River was very conveniently 
situated for a Chapel. This Chapel was commenced in 
I753> ^"d built of brick and sufficiently finished in 1760 
as to be used for divine worship.* It fell down in 1810 
and was replaced by a wooden building." 

By the Act of li Sept., 1779," a public ferry was 
established over Ashepoo river, where Ashepoo bridge 
stood, and vested in Edmund Bellinger, Jr., in trust for 
the estate of Benjamin Webb, dec*, and Ann Bolton. 

By the Act of 19 Deer., 1807," it was enacted ''that 

*M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. A. A., p. 45. 

•General Statutes, Vol. Ill, p. 652. 

•Dalcho, p. 371. 

^•Ibid., p. 373. 

"General Statutes, Vol. IX, p. 272. 

"Ibid, p. 429. 


"a toll bridge shall be established across Ashepoo river 
"opposite the Town of Edmondsbury in St. Bartholo- 
"mew's Parish at the same place where the bridge com- 
"monly called Ashepoo bridge was formerly erected." 

This bridge evidently did not long hold its own 
against freshet, for on 7 Deer., 1808,"* an Act was 
passed provjiding that a public ferry be established on 
Ashepoo River, at the place laid out for the Town of 
Edmundsburgh, where the late toll bridge in William 
Skirving and Phineas Smith stood. And in December, 
181 5," another Act provided that the ferry on Ashepoo 
river at the village of Ashepoo otherwise called Ed- 
mundsberry, should be re-established and vested in the 
widow and children of Phineas Pierson. 

The place thus seems to have long retained the name 
of the Town or Village of Edmundsbury, but it is prob- 
able that all it retained was the name, and that beyond 
the Church and possibly the residence of a ferryman 
there were no other buildings. 

It is put down on de Brahms may of 1757 2ts a vil- 
lage, but is not noted as such on Mouzon's map of 1775, 
or on Mills' Atlas of Colleton County, published in 1826, 
or even mentioned in the account of Colleton County in 
Mills' Statistics of South Carolina, published in 18^5. 
Divine service continued to be held in the Church at 
Edmundsbury until the War Between the States. 
About the close of that war, the Church was destroyed 
by fire, either started by accident or set by one of the 
parties of the vandals who were then under the direc- 
tion of the United States military commanders ravaging 
the lower part of the State, and it has never been re- 

All that now marks the site of the Town are the ruins 
of the Church and the graves that surround it. 

The map of the old Town published with this article 

"Ibid., p. 436. 
"Ibid., p. 479. 


is taken from the map in the office of the Historical 
Commission at Columbia and is evidently the map ap- 
proved by the Council at the meeting held 28 May, 


The old town of Jacksonborough was laid out about 
the same time as Radnor and Edmundsbury — ^between 
1730 and 1740. 

On 28 August, 1 701, a grant of 400 acres on the 
south side of the South Edisto or Pon Pon river was 
made to John Jackson/ 

The main high road from Charleston, or Charles 
Town, to the southward as established in 171 1,' crossed 
the Edisto river at a point opposite this tract of land 
granted to John Jackson. That portion of the Edisto 
river, from the point where it reaches Edisto Island on 
the coast running up for some 20 miles, and above the 
ferry which was afterwards well known as Parker's 
Ferry, was commonly denominated the Pon Pon river. 
The Pon Pon river was really only the lower part, the 
last 20 miles or thereabouts, of the South Edisto, or 
Edisto river. 

By the Act of 12 June, 1714,* a bridge was ordered 
to be built over the South Edisto river at the most 
convenient place on South Edisto River at the planta- 
tion of Capt. John Jackson. 

By the Act of 9 Deer., 1725,* it was provided that 
the ferry theretofore established at the plantation of 
James Wrixham be removed and established at the planta- 
tion of Mr. John Jackson, across the Pon Pon river. 

On 9 April, 1734, another Act,' directed the co- 
missioners to rebuild a bridge over the Pon Pon river, 

Bcoit 'Grant B«af, 38 (Proprietary Grants,) p. 403. 
'General Statutes, Vol. IX, p. 14. 
•Ibid, p. 33. 
*Ibid., p. 64. 
•Ibid., p. 86. 


where the bridge formerly stood at the plantation of 
Capt. John Jackson. This last bridge also must have 
lasted not a long time, for in 1751* an Act recited 
that the bridge formerly built over Pon Pon river had 
been destroyed by a flood or rising of the river, and 
directed the commissioners to build a good and substan- 
tial bridge over the Pon Pon, not far from where the old 
bridge stood. 

By the will of John Jackson, made in March, 1737, 
and probated in May, 1748,* he empowers his executors 
to sell "any of my lands or Town lotts not yet disposed 
"off in Jacksonborough which my said executors shall 
"think fitt." 

Whether this John Jackson was the same as the 
original grantee of the 400 acres or a descendant of the 
same name the record so far as examined does not dis- 

On 16 March, 1757,* his executors, viz, his wife, 
Jean Jackson, who had by marriage become Jean Har- 
ley, and his brother, George Jackson, conveyed to 
Gideon Dupont, for ^773 currency of South Carolina, 
290 acres adjoining the village of Jacksonborough, being 
part of the original grant of 400 acres out of which the 
village was taken. 

By an Act in I779» a public ferry was established over 
the Pon Pon river, near Jacksonborough; and by the 
Act of 26*^ February, 1786,'* the Commissioners of the 
Parishes of St. Paul's and St. Bartholomew's were 
directed to build a bridge over the Pon Pon at Jackson- 

In December, 1803, an Act was passed," which recites 
that the bridge across the Pon Pon at Jacksonborough 

'Ibid., p. 156. 

'Probate Court, Charleston County, Bk. 1747-1752. p. 43. 
•M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. Y. Y., p. 66. 
•Statutes of So. Ca., Vol. IX, p. 271. 
••Ibid., p. 312. 
"Ibid., p. 408. 


had been carried away by the frequent passing of rafts 
down the river. 

Lieut. Anthony Allaire, of the American Volunteers, 
commanded by Lieut. Col. Patrick Ferguson, on the 
march from Savannah to join the army under Sir Henry 
Clinton, in March, 1780, makes the following mention 
of Jacksonborough in his diary, under date of 22"* 
March, 1780: "After crossing, continued our march to 
"Jacksonborough, a village containing about sixty 
"houses, situated on Pon Pon, or Edisto river. The 
"most of the houses are very good; the people tol- 
"erable well to live; some large store houses for rice, 
"from which they convey it by water to Charleston 
"market. In short, it is a pleasant little place, and well 
"situated for trade, but the inhabitants are all Rebels — 
"not a man remaining in the town, except two, one of 
"whom was so sick he could not get out of bed, and the 
"other a doctor, who had the name of a friend to Govern- 

Jacksonborough is not mentioned in de Brahm's 
map of 1757, t>ut is on both Mouzon's maps of 1775 ^^^ 
the reprint of 1794. 

The place attained a temporary eminence when in 
January, 1782, the Legislature of the State was there 
convened — Charleston being then in the hands of the 
British. It was this Legislature which passed the fa- 
mous confiscation and amercement Act, and for a short 
period Jacksonsborough attained the dignity of the seat 
of government and the place of publication of a news- 

This soon passed, but Jacksonborough continued to 
be the County seat of Colleton County, where the Court 
House and Jail were located until 181 7, when the Coun- 
ty seat was by statute changed from Jacksonborough 
to Walterborough. 

"King's Mt. and Its Heroes, by Draper, p. 487. 


The village seems then, as other low country villages 
of the time situated in unhealthy localities, to have 
gradually gone to decay. In Mills' Statistics of South 
Carolina, published in 1826, it is statied: "The old 
"court-house and jail are still standing, and two or 
"three dwellings," and in Mills' Atlas^ published in 
1825, it is still noted as a village. 

The construction of the railroad between Charleston 
and Savannah, in 1859, has given a new life to the vil- 
lage; a village of the same name, but not on the same 
site as the old. The old village of Jacksonborough was 
located on the public road about a half mile from the pres- 
ent railway station on the railroad about which the new 
village has grown up. 

The writer has been able to find no map of Jackson- 
borough. One existed, for the deeds refer to lots as 
marked on the map or "moder' of the town, but no 
copy is now to be found among the records in Co- 

LINA, 1692-17CX). 

By A. S. Salley, Jr. 

May 9, 1682,* James Witter appeared before Robert 
Gibbes and made oath that he was present and saw 
Maurice Mathews and James Moore sign a deed convey- 
ing property to Magnus Pople. Recorded December 11, 
1682. (Page 339.) 

December 6, 1682, Magnus Pople, shipwright, of Car- 
olina, conveyed to Anthony Shory a tract of land 
which had been conveyed to him by **Maurice Mathews 
& James Moore, of ye pvince of Carolina aforesd 
Esqrs." * * "by one Certaine Writeing or Lettr of 
Attorney undr the hands and scales of James Jones & 
his Wife, bareing date the 3d day of August (i 681)" in 
consideration of £20, reciting that this land had been 
**taken up by & granted unto ye sd James Jones & Eliza- 
beth, as by the Record of the grant thereof now re- 
maining in ye Registrs office may appear ffifty Acres 
of the sd Plantation lately sold by the sd James Jones 
Unto James Witter of sd pvince Marrinr, Conteyning 
Two hundred and thirty Acres of Land or thereabouts" 
* * *'and being upon ye South side of James Towne 
Creek", bounding on the creek, lands of John Foster, 
Hugh Wigglesworth, Thomas Shory and the fifty acres 

sold to James Witter, being 230 acres. Witnesses: 

Samways, Atkinson and J. Oldys." Recorded De- 
cember II, 1682. (Pages 339-340.) 

December 8, 1682, "Peaceable and quiett possession 

of Turff and Twigg" of the above mentioned premises 

♦Several pages from an earlier volume were bound in here, when 
the volume was rebound many years ago. 


was given unto Anthony Shory by Magnus Pople. Wit- 
nesses: William Pharoah and Mrs, Wilkeson. (Page 

August 31, 1682, Joseph Smith and Thomas Gun, 
cooper, entered into a contract. Recorded December 
22, 1 682. ( Page 340. ) 

Commission [written in Latin] from John, Lord 
Berkeley, Palatine of Carolina, to James Colleton, broth- 
er of Sir Peter Colleton, constituting him a Landgrave 
of Carolina, Recorded January 20, 1682/3. (Page 341.) 

May 10, 1682, Philip Doldridge conveyed to John 
Beresford an island containing seventy acres of land, 
which he had bought from Philip Brady, bounded by 
lands of John Norton and Capt. Robert Daniell. Record- 
ed January 23, 1682/3. (Page 342.) 

October 3, 1679, Joseph West, Governor, granted to 
Anthony Shory a tract of 200 acres of land on "Wam- 
pacheroone Creeke." Signed by Governor West, and 
William Fuller, Richard Conant and William Owen, 
members of the Council. (Page 343.) 

March 20, 1782, "William Earle of Craven Pallatine 
and the rest of the true and absolute Proprietors of the 
province of Carolina", through the Governor and Coun- 
cil of the Province, granted unto John Stevens lot No. 
23 in Charles Town, Signed by James Moore, Joseph 
Morton, John Archdale, Maurice Mathews and Arthur 
Middleton. Recorded May 12, 1683. (Page 343.) 

June 4, 168 [last figure gone], the Proprietors, 
through the Governor and Council, granted to Paul 
Grimball a tract of thirty acres of land on Cooper River. 
Signed by Maurice Mathews, John Godfrey, Joseph 
[name gone] and Arthur Middleton. [The page is much 
mutilated, and other names might have been torn out.] 
Recorded October 26 [year gone]. (Page 343.) 

May 5, 1683, John Sullivan, for £20, conveyed to 
Christopher Smith, merchant, 150 acres of land on Ash- 


ley River, originally granted to him by the Lords Pro- 
prietors. Witnesses : John Beresford, Thomas Holton 
and Ralph Marshall. Registered May ii, 1683. (Page 


Will of Mary Crosse, widow, made August 28, 1698, 
and proved before Governor Blake, November 10, 1698, 
gave son, William Bayley, the corner lot in Charles 
Town, which was formerly "Capt. John Clapps whereon 
ye. great house stands yt. he lately lived in", together 
with the house and all other buildings thereon, also 
half of a tract of land near "Bermudas Town", contain- 
ing fifty acres, which she had purchased with her son, 
Capt. Charles Basden, also another lot in Charles Town, 
which had formerly belonged to Capt. Clapp, whereon 
Capt. John Flavell then lived, together with all houses 
thereon, during his lifetime and at his death to go to 
her daughters, Mary Basden, widow, and Susannah 
Rawlins; gave daughter, Mary Basden, one half of 
a lot in Charles Town, next Capt. Rhett's, where Mr. 
Buckley had lately lived, and fronting the wharf where 
testatrix then lived ; gave daughter, Susannah Rawlins, 
the other half of said lot; directed that her three lots 
near the Market Place in Charles Town be divided into 
three parts, to wit : the front to "Broad Street alias 
Cooper Street" and the front to the little street that 
runs by Dr. Franklin's and Mr. Simonds's to be divided 
into thirds, then said lots to be divided by 
straight lines running northward and southward; 
gave son, William Bayley, the third part of the lots 
which lay westward for life, to go to Mary Basden and 
Suisannah Rawlins at his death; gave easternmost third 
of the lots to Susannah Rawlins; gave the third part of 
the lots, which lay between the other two, to Mary 
Basden; directed the half town lot purchased of Henry 
Samways, and lying southward of the two lots that 
were formerly Capt. Clapp's, to be sold to pay her 


debts; gave her two daughters all of her household 
goods; gave Mary Basden an Indian girl, Rayner; 
gave son and daughters all of her shop goods and all 
property not mentioned in the will, to be equally dis- 
tributed among them; appointed William Bayley and 
Mary Basden and Susannah Rawlins, executor and ex- 
ecutrixes. Witnesses: Mildred Shory, Ann Pawley, 
Edith Hyrne, Jonathan Armory. Recorded by Henry 
Wigington, D. S., March 6, 1700. (Part on page 345 
and the rest on page 368 of the present volume, the 
pages having been so mixed in rebinding.) 

Will of Edward Rawlins, of Charles Town, Carolina, 
made September 24, 1699, and proved June 17, 1700, 
before Governor Blake, gave wife, Susannah Rawlins, 
all of his estate, real and personal, for life, allowing her 
the privilege of selling, or disposing of it, as she should 
have occasion, for her maintenance and the bringing up 
of his children, and at her death the estate was to be 
distributed equally among such of his children as were 
then living, and in case all of his children should die it 
was to be divided equally between the children of 
Charles Basden and William Bayley, gentleman; ap- 
pointed wife Susannah executrix, and after her death 
Robert Daniell, James Stanyarne and Capt. Job Howes 
were to act as executors.. Witnesses: John Buckley, 
Capt. William Smith, John Cock, Jr., William Welch. 
Recorded by Henry Wigington, D. S., June 17, 1700. 
(Pages 346-347-) 

October 6, 1685, the undernamed officers of the 
Province took the following oath : 

"Wee whose names are hereunto subscribed doe prom- 
ise to beare faith and true allegiance to our Sovraigne 
Lord King James the Second his heires and Successors 
and fidelitie and submission to the Lords Proprietors 
and the forme of Goverment by them established by 
their Fundamentall Constitutions" 


Joseph Morton, John Godfrey, Robert Quary, Paul 
Grimball, Stephen Bull, John Farr, Barnard Schenck- 
ingh, Humphrey Priniatt, Richard Conant, Richard 
Baker, Benjamin Blake and William Dunlop. On No- 
vember 19th, Joseph Morton* subscribed to the same 

October 6th the same oath was taken by the 
following: Joseph Oldys, William Popell, J. Dugue, P. 
Bacot, Anthony Poitevin, D. Trezevant, P. Dutartre, 
Rene Rezeau, Jo: Alexander and John Hamilton. Octo- 
ber 1 2th by James Gilbertson; 13th, by Phineas 
[undecipherable], Rogers; 20th, by I. Fleury; 31st, by 
Adam [undecipherable], [undecipherable], Royer, Gyles 
Russell, Joseph Blake, William Bower, WiUiam Peter; 
November 21st, by Peter DuiMbulin; May 6, 1686, by 
William Brockkus. October 15, 1686, Andrew Percival 
took the following oath: "I doe hereby promise to bare 
faith & true alliegiance to or: soveraighne Lord King 
James ye second & fidellity to ye Lordes Proprietors 
of Carol — according to ye fundamentall Constitucons, 
dated ye XX^^ July 1669". The same oath was taken 
by John Francis de Gignilliat, January 20, 1*688/9; by 
George Pawley, January 22nd; by Daniel Carty, Feb- 
ruary 14th; by D. Hooglant, April 13, 1689. (Pages 347 
and 348.) 

March 2, 1695/6, William Edwards, planter; John 
Bray, planter; William Fuller and Thomas Gerie re- 
turned their inventory and appraisement of an estate, 
and Edwards made oath to that effect before John 
Beresford and Bray to the same effect before William 
Smith. Recorded by Charles Odingsells, Deputy Sec- 
retary. (Page 349.) 

Will of Paul Grimball, Esq., of Edisto Island, Colle- 
ton County, made December 13, 1695, ^^^ proved be- 
fore Thomas Cary, Secretary, February 20, 1696, gave 

*The first signature is that of Joseph Morton, the Governor, the 
last that of Joseph Morton, son of Governor Morton. 


wife, Mary Grimball, his plantation oii Edisto Island, 
containing sixteen hundred acres of land, with the 
buildings thereon, for life, at her death to go to his son, 
Thomas Grimball; directed Thomas Grimball, in con- 
sideration of receiving the plantation aforesaid, to pay, 
within one year after his wife's death, to his daughters, 
Mrs. Hamilton, Mrs. Linkly and Providence Grimball, 
£10. each: gave son-in-law, Christopher Linkly, and 
his wife, Ann, his four hundred acres of the eight hun- 
dred acres of land which he and Linkly had purchased 
in copartnership from the Lords Prorietors, said Link- 
ly paying to testator's son, John Grimball, £io. one 
year after testator's death; gave wife, Mary, all rings, 
plate and jewels, with her choice of feather beds, one 
bolster, two pillows, two pairs of sheets, a blanket, cur- 
tains, counterpanes, a ring, and a negro girl, Ginny, and 
one-third part of the remainder of his personal estate, 
and, besides the foregoing, legacies to the value of £40, 
"which shee hath made of severell things yt. I gave 
her ye benefitt of & yt. shee shall not bee accountable 
for the same"; gave the remaining two-thirds of hi3 
personal estate to his children, Thomas and John Grim- 
ball, Mary Hamilton, Ann Linkly and Providence Grim- 
ball, to be equally divided among them ; appointed wife, 
Mary, sole executrix. Witnesses: James Williams, 
Jonathan Amory, Mary Mullins and Sarah Powys, 
"when Mr. Grimball gave to ye. Honble. ye Governr. 
Archdale a good ring to be pd. by his executor as a 
token of his respect." Recorded by Odingsells, D. S., 
February 22, 1696. (Page 352. The recording of the will 
of Paul Grimball was started 00 page 350, but so much 
as had been recorded was scratched out and the record- 
ing done on page 352. Page 351 is blank.) 

Will of Robert Adams, of Carolina, "Phisition", made 
June 18, 1694, and proved before Governor Blake, June 
16, 1697, gave son, Robert Adams, in England (if alive). 


£ioo., but if dead the bequest was to go to his brother, 
Thomas Adams, when it should be received from Ben- 
jamin Hust, of Carolina, planter, whose bond for £150 
was held by testator; gave Benjamin Hust £5; gave 
Jean Lawson, of Carolina, £8; gave Susannah "Steavins", 
of Carolina, widow; 40 shillings; gave Thomas Rose, 40 
shillings ; gave remainder of his estate in Carolina to Samuel 
Williamson and Richard "Tread", Sr., of Carolina, whom 
he also appointed his executors. Witnesses : Francis Filding, 
Nicholas Marden, John Jones, Thomas Rose. Letters tes- 
tamentary and a warrant of appraisement were granted to 
Samuel Williamson and Richard Tradd, as executors and 
administrators, by Governor Blake, June 16, 1697. (Page 

October 3, 1698, John Birde, William Smith and Abra- 
ham Eve executed a bond to Governor Blake for Birde's 
faithful performance of his trust of executor of the 
estate of Joan Putter. Witness : Patrick Martin. ( Page 


In July, 1698, Governor Blake directed John Birde to 
administer on the estate of Joan Putter, at the same 
time directing Capt. Jon: Collins, John Pendarvis, 
Charles Burnham, Thomas Stanyarne and Daniel Don- 
novan to appraise and make an inventory of the said 
estate. (Pages 353-354) 

September 5, 1698, John Farr, Abraham Waight and 
Thomas Farr, acting under a warrant from Governor 
Blake, dated August 11, 1698, made an inventory and 
appraisement of the estate of Margaret Morris. (Page 


November 11, 1698, Judith Royer, Capt. J. F. Gig- 
nilliat and Jonas Bonhoste executed a bond to Grovernor 
Blake for Mrs. Royer's faithful performance of her trust 
as administratrix of the estate of Noe Royer. Witness: 
Henry Wigington. (Page 355.) 

(To be continued in the next number of this magasine.) 



By Mabel L. Webber.* 

This Bible, which is a folio, and was printed in 171 5, 
is now the property of Mrs. S. Lewis Simons, of Sum- 
merville, S. C, who has kindly allowed the several 
family records which it contains to be copied and 

It appears from a careful examination of the Bible, 
that it was originally the property of Thomas Elliott, 
of St. Paul's, (1699-1760) and became the property of 
the Rowand family through his daughter, Mary Elliott, 
who married, first Robert Mackewn, Jr., and second 
Robert Rowand. 

The earliest records are all copies, fragments of the 
originals existing still in the Bible, which has been 
mutilated by time and use. 

An account of the first Thomas Elliott and of his 
descendants for two or three generations is here pre- 
fixed to the records as of interest in giving the ancestry 
of some of the people recorded in the Bible. 

Thomas Elliott, a Quaker, of Berkley County, some- 
times called Thomas Elliott of "Long Point,'' from his 
plantation of that name on Charles Town Neck, came to 
South Carolina prior to April 24, 1696, for on that date 
he receives a grant of land, "Being Cypress Swamp . . . 
Colleton County, North Branch of Stonoe River," bounded 
on one side by land already his. 

He married first, according to the family tradition, 
Mary Gibbes, but nothing has yet been found to con- 

*The Editor is greatly indebted to Mr. D. E. Huger Smith for 
invaluable assistance in this work, and for the extracts from the 
Quaker Records in Philadelphia, which were sent to Mr. Smith by 
Mr. George Vaux, of that place. 


firm or refute this tradition. That he had a wife, 
Hebzibeth, (or Hebzibah) who died September 27, 
1719, is proved by extracts from the Quaker Records 
in Philadelphia, which also give us the date of his next 
marriage to Ann Clifford, whom he married May i, 
1 72 1.* She was possibly a widow, as Thomas Elliott 
mentions a son-in-law, Thomas Clifford, in his will, this 
term being often used for stepson in the earlier records. 
Thomas Elliott died leaving will dated 9 June, 1731, 
and proved 21 January, 173 1/2.* He had issue: 

I. Ann. 2. Rachel. 3. Thomas. 4. William. 
5. Joseph. 6. Elizabeth. 7. Martha. 8. Hepzibah. 
9. Beulah. 

I. ANN ELLIOTT, bom April 1 5, 1695 [Bible Record]. 
Married first Jonathan Fitch, who died 30 October, 
1723 [St. Andrew's Roister].* She married sec- 
ond Roger Saunders, as whose wife she was bap- 
tized May 15, 1726, with two of her children by 
Jonathan Fitch, Thomas and Stephen Fitch. [St. 
A. Reg.] Roger Saunders was buried October 13, 
1741 [St A. Reg]. By him she had a son, Thomas 

*Hephzibeth Elliott, wife of Thomas Elliott, Sen,, died on 27th of 
the 7th month, 1719, and was buried in her husband's, Thomas Elliott's 
plantation, on Stono. . . . 

Thomas Elliott, Senr., and Ann Qifford tooke each Other in mar- 

.-y 0i I riagc at Meeting of the people called Quake rs^ an d others, in Charles 

' / '^ I Towne, So. Carolina, the 1 of ye 3d Mo. tWtT and certificate was 

signed the same day, according to order. — Record of Quakers in S. C, 

now in Philadelphia. 

"Will of Thomas Elliott, of Berkeley Co. — Son Thomas, lot on Bay, 
with all the bridge or wharf and houses thereon. 

Grandson Stephen Elliott, son of William, deceased. Grandson 
William Elliott, son of William. Son Joseph Elliott. Son Thomas 
Elliott, plantation at Stono, where he now lives. Daughter Beuler 
Elliott. Daughter Anne Saunders. Daughter Elizabeth Butler. 
Daughter Martha Fairchild. Son-in-law Wm. Qifford.* Grandson 
Thomas Fitch. Grand-daughters Elizabeth and Mary Elliott, daugh- 
ters of Son William, deceased Wife Ann. Son Thomas Ex'or. 
Dated June 9, 1731. Proved Jan. 21, 1731. 

•Will of Jonathan Fitch mentions Son Jonathan, Son Thomas, 
Son Stephen, wife Anne Fitch—my 3 children, Jonathan, Thomas 
" ' ~ ■ " * ti, Fri ' '"' '^ * ' "' 

and Stephen. Ex'ors wife Ann, Friend^ Thomas Smith, Wm. Cat- 
tle, Thomas Wareing, and bro-i ' '"' 
Oct., 1723. Proved 5 Oct., 1724. 

tje, Thomas Wareing, and bro-in-Iaw Thomas Elliot, Jr., dated, 24 


Saunders, who was baptized November 12, 1727 

[St. A. R.] She married the third time Waight, 

surviving him, she died in 1748, and was buried De- 
cember 18 [St. A. Reg.]' 

2 RACHEL ELLIOTT, bom December 18, 1697. She ap- 
parently died without issue before her father's will 
was made. A deed of gift from Thomas Elliott to 
his son-in-law, Richard Godfrey, of 300 acres, and 
dated July 28, 1718 [Probate Ct. 1722-26, p. 232] 
would make it seem possible that either Rachel El- 
liott married Richard Godfrey, or that a previous 
wife of Thomas Elliott was a widow Godfrey when 
she married him. 

3. THOMAS ELLIOTT, bom January 15, 1699; was buried 
December 25, 1760 [St. A. Reg.]* He married first) 
April 2, 1720, Beulah Law.* Married second, Au- 
gust 17, 1727, Susannah ; with her he con- 
veyed lands, March 4, 1734/5 [M. C. O., Bk. N. 
p. 331.] He married January 30, 1744, Elizabeth 
Bellinger, widow of Edmund Bellinger, and daugh- 
ter of Shem Butler [St. A. Reg.] 

*Will of Ann Waight, widow, mentions — Sister Martha Fairchild, 
Cousen (Sic) Mary Fairchild, Cousen Ann Fairchild, Kinsman Tobias 
Fitch. Kinsman John Fitch. Kinsman Jonathan Fitch. Kinsman 
James Fitch. Kinswoman Mary Ann Paurineau [Peronneau], daugh- 
ter to Tobias Fitch, Kinswoman Susanna Butler, daughter to Joseph 
Fitch. To Thomas Stock, son of Samuel Stock, in care of Mrs. Mary 
Woodhard [Woodward], until he is of age. Granddaughters Ann and 
Isbella Fitch. Ex'ors Brother Thomas Elliott, Kinsman Thomas 
Elliott, Jr., and Jehu Elliott. Dated November 28, 1748. Proved 10th 
March, 1748. 

•Will of Thomas Elliott, Sr. — Son Jehu. Daughters Mary McKewn 
and Sarah Elliott. Son Charles Elliott. Granddaughter Mary Bel- 
linger Elliott. Sister Martha Man and her two youngest daughters. 
Son Thomas Elliott's widow Qaudia. Ex'ors. Sons Jehu and 
Charles, and son-in-law Robert McKewn, Jr. Dated Jan. 6, 1756. 
Proved Jan. 23, 1761. Codicil, dated Dec. 22, 1756, mentions daughter 
Sarah Stanyarne. 

•*Thomas Elliott, Junr., and Bulah Law, Tooke Each Other in 
Marriage att the publiaue Meeting House of the people called Qua- 
kers, in Charlestown, So. Carolina, the 10th day of Ye 2nd Mo. 
(called April), 1720, and a certificate was signed the same day, ac- 
cording to order." — Quaker Records. 



I. Mary Elliott, bom March 30, 1721, d. y. 

II. Thomas Elliott, known as Thomas Law 
Elliott, born February 23, 1724, died De- 
cember 10, 1756 [St. A. Register.].' He 
married ist May 19, 1746 [St. A. R.], 
Mary Bellinger, daughter of Edmund Bel- 
linger ; and 2nd, Claudia , daughter 

of Mary McKewn, widow, by whom he 
had no issue. She survived him and 
married 2nd, George Inglis, April 29, 1759 

[Marriage Notices ... by A. S. Salley, Jr.] 
Thomas Law Elliott had two children by 
his first marriage, Thomas, who died 
young, and Mary Bellinger Elliott, who 
married Barnard Elliott, April 27, 1766, 
[S. C. Gazette and Country Journal, Ap. 
29, 1766], and died Dec. 11, 1774 [5. C. 
and Am, General Ga::ette, Dec. 19, 1774]. 

III. Jehu ElHott, bom Dec. 13, 1728, will 
proved Jan. i, 1762.* He married first. 
May I, 1757, Mary West [St. A. Reg.], 
and second, Sarah . He had no issue. 

IV. James Elliott, bom Oct. 27, 1730, d. y. 

V. Charles Elliott, born Nov. 20, 1732, d. y. 

VI. Mary Elliott, born Feb. 20, 1735. She 
married first, Robert Mackewn, and sec- 
ond, Robert Rowand. See the Bible Rec- 
ord for dates, issue, etc. 

VII. Charles Elliott, born Aug. 17, 1737; will 

'Will of Thomas Law Elliott, dated Dec. 6, 1756; proved Feb. 
25, 1757; mentions Wife Gaudia, Son Thomas Elliott, Daughter 
Mary Bellinger Elliott. Brothers Jehu Elliott, Oiarles Elliott, and 
Robert McKewn, Jr. 

•Will of Jehu Elliott mentions Wife Sarah; Brother Charles 
Elliott; Sister Mary McKewn; Sister Sarah Stanyarne; Brother-in- 
law Robert McKewn, Jr. ; late Father Thomas Elliott ; Aunt Martha 
Man; Martha Booth; Mary Bellinger Elliott. Dated September 29. 
1761 ; proved January 1, 1762. 


proved Jan. i8, 1783.* He married, first, 
Jane Stanyarne, daughter of Joseph Stan- 
yarne, whose will, proved June 5, 1772, 
mentions his grand-children, Charles and 
Jane Elliott, "children of Charles Elliott 
by his late wife, my daughter Jane Stan- 
yarne." Charles ElHott married, second, 
Ann Ferguson, daughter of Thomas Fer- 
guson, Of his two children, Charles died 
young, and Jane Reily married Col. Wil- 
Uam Washington, April 21, 1782 [See Bi- 
ble Records]. 

VIII. Joseph Elliott, born Jan. i, 1739, d. y. 

IX. Sarah Elliott, bom Nov. 30, 1742; mar- 
ried Archibald Stanyarne May 19, 1759, 
[Marriage Notices ... by A. S. Salley, Jr.]. 
She died Oct. 27, 1767. 

4 - WILLIAM ELLIOTT, bom May 13, 1703, died intestate, 
administration was granted to his widow Elizabeth, 
February 28, 1731. He married Elizabeth Emms, 
daughter of Ralph Emms; she married, second, 
Jeremiah Miles and had a daughter, Susannah, who 
Married James Parsons, [S, C. Gazette, June 4, 
1753]- Elizabeth Miles married, third, Elisha But- 
ler, Sept. 24, 1738, [St. A. R.]" William Elliott and 
Elizabeth Emms had issue : 

I. Mlary, died young. 

II. Stephen Elliott, who married Elizabeth 
Butler, April 23, 1749 [St. A. Reg.], and 
died without issue, as is shown by his will, 
dated Dec. 28, 1750. 

•Will of Charles Elliott— Wife Ann Elliott; daughter Jane Ryly 
Elliott; Niece Sarah Johnstone; Friend Elizabeth Pickering. Dated 
Jan. 11, 1781; proved Jan. 18, 1783. 

"M. C O. L. L. 98.— Deed of gift by Elisha Butler and Elizabeth, 
his wife, to "our sons, Stephen, and William Elliott," dated Oct. 28. 
1738; and M. C O. L. L. 186, deed of gift "to our son, William 
Elliott." with remainder to the heirs of his body, failing which to 
our daughters, Elizabeth Elliott and Mary Elliott. 


III. William married, first, Sarah Mullrync, 
April II, 1756 [St. Helena's Register] 
She died Mar. 28, 1757. He married, sec- 
ond, Mary Barnwell, Aug. 6, 1760, [St. H. 
R.], by whom he had issue. His will was 
proved Aug. 3, 1783." 

IV. Elizabeth Elliott married William But- 
ler Dec. I, 1738. [St. A. R.], and had is- 



5 JOSEPH ELLIOTT, born August 15, 1705 ; married Sept. 
2, 1724, Edith Whitmarsh [St. A. R.] she was 
buried March 24, 1738/9, as the "widow of Joseph, 
son of Thomas Elliott''. [St. A. Reg.] Joseph El- 
liott's will was dated Dec. 17, 1738". He had issue: 

I. Mary Anne Elliott, baptized 1735; mar- 

ried Francis Rose Feb. 23, 1743. She died 
March 3, 1756, leaving issue. 

II. Joseph Elliott, bapt. 1735, married Sa- 
rah , and had issue. 

III. Sarah Elliott, bapt. 1735, married Jere- 
miah Savage. 

"Will of William Elliott, the Elder.— Wife Mary; Son William, 
dwelling house, etc., at Beaufort; Sons Ralph and Stephen (minors); 
Thomas Savage; William Carson, Ex*ors, Stephen Bull, of Sheldon, 
Nathaniel and John Barnwell, Josiah Tatnell, Thomas Savage, James 
Parsons, Son William, when 21, and Nephew George Parsons, when 
21. Codicil appointed Thomas Butler, of Ogeechee, son of Joseph 
Butler, Ex'or and guardian of children. Dated Feb. 30, 1778; proved 
Aug. 3, 1783. 

"Will of Elizabeth Butler, Widow, of Ogeeche.— Miss Jane Butler; 
brother William Elliott; nephews William Elliott and George Par- 
sons, plantation called the farm on Charles Town Neck; plantation 
in Georgia called Silk Hope; land near Fort Argyle, on Ogeeche 
River. Daughter Mary Elliott Savage; residue to "all my grand- 
children." Nephews William, Ralph and Stephen Elliott. Trustees 
and Ex'ors, Jeremiah Savage, Thomas Savage and James Parsons, of 
Charlestown. Dated Nov. 21, 1775; proved 23 Oct., 1780. 

"Will of Joseph Elliott Mentions — Son Joseph ; Son Thomas ; 
Daughters Mary Anne and Sarah; Mother Ann Elliott; Wife Edith 
Elliott; Brother Thomas Elliott. Dated Dec. 17, 1738. 


IV. Thomas Elliott, baptized 1735; died 1768 
without issue. '* 

6 ELIZABETH ELLIOTT, boHi July 19, 1707; married, first, 
December 19, 1723, Thomas Butler. She was 
baptized with five children as the wife of Thomas 
Butler, July 23, 1734. [St. A. Reg.] She married, 
second, Robert lyArques. He was buried May 2, 1748, 
[St. A. Reg.], and his will, dated April 22, 1748, left 
all his property to his wife, who married the third time, 
June 19, 1750, Robert Yonge, [St. A. Reg.], by 
whom she had no issue. His will, dated Nov. 12, 
1751, and proved Dec. 20, 1751, mentions besides 
his wife, his adult son, Francis Yonge, and a daugh- 
ter, Lydia Fuller. Elizabeth Elliott and Thomas 
Butler had issue: 

I. Thomas Butler, baptized July 23, 1734, 
died unmarried, and was buried March 
6, 1746/7. [St. A. Reg.]" 
n. Mary Butler, baptized July 23, 1734, mar- 
ried May 25, 1742, Richard Wright; mar- 
ried, second, Jan. 17, 1747, Elisha Butler; 
she was buried July 18, 1750, [St. A. Reg.] 
ni. Ann Butler, baptized July 23, 1734, died 
1745, [St. A. Reg.) 

IV. William Butler, baptized July 23, 1734. 

V. Elizabeth Butler, baptized July 23, 1734. 

VI. Sarah Butler, baptized May, 1737. 

'*Will of Thomas Elliott, of St. Bartholomew, planter, Sister Sarah 
Savage, wife of Jeremiah Savage, one-third of whole estate. Nephew 
Richard Rose, Nieces Elizabeth and Sarah Rose, daughters of Mr. 
Francis Rose, one-third. Nephew Gilbert Elliott, Nieces Edie and 
Sarah Elliott, son and daughters of my late brother, Joseph Elliott, 
remaining third. Ex'ors, Francis Rose and Benj. Fuller. Dated 
Feb. 3, 1768; proved 13th June, 1768. 

"Will of Thomas Butler, of St. Bartholomews.— Mother Eliza- 
beth Butler; Sister, Mar>' Wright; Sister Elizabeth Butler; Sister 
Sarah Butler, Ex'ors, Mother Elizabeth Butler, and sister Mary Wright. 
Dated March 3, 1746/7; proved July 5, 1748, when Elizabeth D'Arques, 
late Elizabeth Butler, qualified. ., 


7 MARTHA ELLIOTT, bom August i6, 1711; iTiarricd 
William Fairchild, March 24, 1727, [St. Philip's 
Reg.]. She married, second, Feb. 2, 1748/9, John 
Man, [St Andrew's Reg.]. Issue by her first hus- 
band : 

I. Ann Fairchild married Alexander Walker 

June, 1765, [Hayne Record], and had is- 

II. Mary Fairchild. 

III. Henry Elliott Fairchild, bom June 17, 1739, 
[St. A. R.]. 

Issue by second husband: 

IV. Elizabeth Man, born Sept. 5, 1750; married 
David Scott, Feb. 10, 1774. 

V. Beulah Man, bom Jan. 15, 1753. 

8 HEPziBAH ELLIOTT, bom December 22, 1716, not 
mentioned in her father's will ; she apparently died 

9 BEULAH ELLIOTT," bom September 19, 1719; mar- 
ried Thomas Rose, Jan. 12, 1733, [St. P. R.]. They 
had issue: 

I. Ann Rose, born July 20, 1739. She mar- 
ried James Fitch, and had a daughter, Beu- 
lah Elliott Fitch, who in 1786 was the 
only surviving descendant of Thomas Rose 
and Beulah Elliott, [See M. C. O. R-, 5. 

p. 347] 

II. Hepsibah Rose, bom Aug. 6, 1746, [St. 
P. R.], married James Christie, Nov. 24, 
1768; left no issue. 

"Hepsibah and Beulah Elliott were evidently the children of 
Thomas Elliott, by his wife "Hepzibeth." From a much mutilated 
deed in the Mesne Conveyance Office [Book I, p. 392.] which recites 
the will of Nathaniel Law, and mentions his six children, Joseph, 
Benjamin, Nathaniel, Hepzibah, Beulah, and Ann Law, it looks pos- 
sible for Hepzibah, the wife of Thomas Elliott, and Beulah Law, 
the first wife of his son, Thomas, to have been sisters. Unfortunately, 
the will of Nathaniel Law is missing, and the deed above mentioned 
is, for all practical purposes, undecipherable. 


[The following note was received from Mr. A. S. Salley, Jr., too 
late to be put in the proper place] : 

January 2i. 1689/90 "Thomas Elliott Carpenter & William Elliott 
Brick layer Exer". of W". Cooke gen*, dec**. James Stanyarne & 
Thomas Booth executed a bond to the Governor for their proper 
administration of the estate aforesaid. (Records Ct. Ord. 1672-1692, P. 
384, Office Hist. Commission, S. C.) 


Ann Elliott was born in April: 15th, 1695. 
Rachael Elliott was born in Decemb'. 18: 1697 
Thomas Elliott was born in Janua^ 15: 1699. 
William Elliott was born in May: 31 : 1703. 
Joseph Elliott was born in August: 15: 1705. 
Eliz\ Elliott was born in July: 19: 1707. 
Martha Elliott was born in Aug*. 16: 171 1 
Hep\ Elliott was born in Dec'. 22: 1716. 
Beulah Elliott was born in Spe*. 19: 1719. 

Susannah Elliott was born in November y'. 20. 171 1 
Susannah Elliott was marred Auggust ^' 17 : : 1727 

Thomas Elliott Sen', was born in Jenuary 15". 1699, 
Mary Elliott was born in March 30" 1721. 
Thomas Elliott was born in February 23: 1723/4. 
Jehu Elliott was born in December: 13: 1728. 
James Elliott was born in October 27: 1730. 
Charles Elliott was born in November 20: 1732. 
Mary Elliott was born in February: 28: 1734/5. 
Charles Elliott was born in August: 17: 1737. 
Joseph Elliott was born in January: i": 1739. 
Sarah Elliott was bom Novem'. 30: 1742. 

*My Mother died y' 24 day of March in y' year 174^ 

[?] aged — 6 & Jehu B — r [?] died August y*. 5 

^732, aged 23 [?]. 

*These items arc on a separate piece of paper, pasted in the Bible. 


Charles Elliott Sen', was bom 17** August 1737 
Charles Elliott was Born Tuesday 9" December 1760 
Jane Reily Elliott was Bom Monday 14 March 1763 
Jane Washington was bom Friday August i" 1783 
Jane Washington was married to J. H. Ancrum — Nov'. 

1 801 at Sandy Hill. 
William and Jane Washington's nuptials were solemnized 

on Sunday the 21'* day of April 1782 
William Washington was born 17*' September 1785 
William Washington was married to Martha Blake Nov' 

Brig'. Gen'. Washington died on Friday 16**' March 1810 
William Washington died on Saturday 27**' February 1830 

and was interred in the family Burial Ground. 
M" Martha Washington the wife of William Washington 
died on the 28*** of September 1830 and was interred 
in the family Burial Ground alongside of William 
Mrs Jane Washington the wife of Gen* Washington died 
on the 14*** December 1830 in her 69" year of her Age 
— She was interrM in the family burial Ground along- 
side of her son William Washington. 
William Washington was bom at the corner of South Bay 
and Legare St on the 24**' day of March in the year 
of our Lord Eighteen Hundred and tea 
The nuptials of Pinckney Lowndes and Margaret Wash- 
ington eldest daughter of William Washington Esq' 
were celebrated in the next house to the comer of 
Lamboll and Legare S*' on the 17**'. day of May in the 
year of our Lord Eighteen Hundred and Twenty 
William Washington Ancrum was bom in Church S* on the 
31"* of March in the year of our Lord Eighteen Hun- 
dred and eight — The nuptials of Tho' D Condy and 
Jane Washington Ancrum, eldest daughter of James 
H Ancmm Esq', were celebrated at the comer of 


Church and Fort St' on the i8'\ day of April 1826 
AD — Charles Elliott Condy was bom on day 

of January and died on day of April 1827 Mary 

A Condy was bom on 9*"* September in the year 
1828 AD 

Jane Washington Lowndes was bom on the 24** day of 
February in the year 1830 in the next house to the 
corner of Legare & LamboU S*'. 

The nuptials of D'. S. B. Rush Finley and Mary H. An- 
crum second daughter of J. H. Ancrum were cele- 
brated at St Michaels Church on the 21" day of Jan- 
uary in the year 1828. and the aforesaid Mary departed 
this life on the 2[ — ] of July in the year 1828 and her 
mortal remains were deposited in the Perrenau [Sic] 
in the Circular Church yard 

Robert Mackewn Ju' was married to Mary Elliott the i Day 

of March 1753 
Susannah Mackewn was Born 28 March 1754 
Sarah Eliott Mackewn Born: 26 February: 1756 
Mary Mackewn. Born 25 Sept: 1758 
Elizabeth Mackewn. Bom 22 of Aug*. 1759 
Ann Mackewn Bom 13 Sept: 1760 
Robert Elliott Mackewn Born: 11 January 1763 
Robert Mackewn Born: 18 June: 1764 

Susannah* Dide the 8 of April 1778 

Mary - - Dide the 7 of October 1758 

Elizabeth Dide the 19 November 1759 

Ann - - - Dide the 28 of March 1762 

*Marriage] Andrew Johnston, Esq.: to Miss Sarah Elliott 
Mackewn, Daughter of the Deceased Robert Mackewn. — South Caro- 
lina and American General Gazette \ March 2, 1772. 

•Married] Dr. George Haig to Miss Susanna Mackewn, Daughter 
of Robert Mackewn, Esq; deceased. — South Carolina and American 
General Gazette; May 1, 1769. 


Robert Ellliott Dide the 23 of January 1763 
Robt Mackewn Dide the 26 of January 1765 
Thomas Elliott Sen'. Dide 23 of December 1760 

bom 4 June 1738 Robert Rowand was married to Mary 
Mackewn 12 Sept' 1765 by Rev* M'. Robt Cooper 

Harriett Elliott Rowand bom Friday 25 July 1766 between 
I and 2 o'clock A. M. — Chrestened by Rev*. M'. James 
Tonge on Sunday 22'* Feby 1767 at Sandy Hill. 

Mary Rowand was born Sunday 9*' October 1768 about 

1 o'clock P. M. — Christened by Rev* M' Alex' Hewit 
on Sunday died at Tom Cain's Stono Sunday 28 May 

2 o'clock P. M. 1769— buried by Rev*. M'. Tongue. 
Charles Elliott Rowand was bom Thursday between 3 & 4 

o'clock P. M. 8*' August 1771 — Chrestened Monday 
II Novem'.-i77i by Rev* Alex' Hewett M" Wels[?] 
M". Elliott, Sukey, M' Webb D' Haig [rest illegible.] 

Robert Rowand was married to Mary Mackewn 12 
Sept'. 1765 by the Rev*. Robert Cooper 

Harriett Elliott Rowand bom 25 July 1766 between i & 2 
o'clock A. M. christened by the Rev*. John Tonge on 
Sunday 22 Feb^ 1767 at Sandy Hill. — 

Mary Rowand was born on Sunday 9*"* October 1768 about 
I o'clock P. M. christened by the Rev*. Alex'. Hewatt 
on Sunday — Died at Tom Cain's Stono Sunday 28** 
May 2. o.clock P. M. 1769. buried by M' Tonge — 

Charles Elliott Rowand was bom 8*'. August 1771 on 
Thursday between 3 & 4 o.clock P. M. christened Mon- 
day II *\ Nov'. 1 771 by the Rev*. Alex'. Hewatt — 

Charles Elliott Rowand was married to Henrietta Sommers 
(the Eldest Daughter of John Sommers) at Gk)lden 
Grove in the Parish of S*. Paul Stono on Thursday 
the i'*. of December 1796 between 7 & 8. o.clock P. 
M. by the Rev*. George Buist. — 

Henrietta Sommers Rowand the first bom of Charles Elliott 
& Henrietta Rowand was bom in the front Room up 
Stairs in Friend Street Charleston on Monday the 16**. 


of October 1797 was Christened on Sunday by 

the Rev^ M'. Buist — She departed this Life (in the 
same Room she first drew her Breath) on Monday the 
23'*. Sept'. 1799 about twenty two minutes after four 
o.clock in the Afternoon and on Tuesday the 24*"* 
Sept' Prayers were read over her in the front Room 
down Stairs by Mr. Buist after which her Body was 
conveyed in a Boat to the family Burial Ground at 
Stono where it was interred among her Ancestors — 
She fell a Victim to the fever called the Black Vomit 
which then raged violently in Charleston . — 

Charles Elliott Rowand was bom on friday the 25" day of 
October 1799 in the front Room up Stairs in Friend 
Street about half an hour after six o.clock in the Morn- 
ing and was Christened on Sunday the of Novem- 
ber 1799 by the Rev*. M'. Buist. 

Robert Rowand was born on Friday the 10**'. of April 1801. 
about 20 Minutes after nine o.clock P. M. in the front 
Room up Stairs in Friend Street and was christened 
on Sunday the 3'* of May by the Rev*. D'. Buist — 
R. R. had the Thrush in the Mouth— July 24*\ On 
Friday the 24** July he departed this life about 20 
Minutes after four in the Afternoon — in Hasell Street 
N*. 39, the next day his Body was conveyed up to the 
family Burial Ground at Stono where he was interred 
and placed along side of his Sister H. S. Rowand. 

Mary Rowand the Wife of Rob*. Rowand and Mother of 
Harriott Elliott Maxwell and Charles Elliott Rowand 
was taken sick of a violent Nervous Fever on Sunday 
the 28*^. day of Mlarch 1802. and departed this life on 
the Saturday following the 3'* day of April 1802 — 
Prayers were read over her in the front Room down 
Stairs in Friend Street by the Reverend D'. Buist after 
which conveyed to the family Burial Grotuid at Stono 
where she was interred among her ancestors — Aged 
67 years i Month & Six days 

Robert Rowand was bom at New Haven, Connecticut on 


Wednesday is'*" Sept'. 1802 between 7 & 8 oclock P. 
M. and was christened on Sunday the V. Dec'. 1802 
in Charleston S'. Carolina by the Rev*. D' Geo. 

John Sommers Rowand was bom on Tuesday the 26". day 
of August 1806, about 20 Minutes after nine oclock 
in the Morning in the front Room up Stairs N*. 2 
Friend Street — and was christened on Sunday the 21". 
Sept'. 1806 out of the large Bowl— by the Rev*. D'. 
Geo. Buist — Charleston S*. Carolina, — 

Mary Elliott Rowand was bom on Sunday the 17*^ July 
1808, about 2 o. clock in the Morning in the front 
Room up Stairs in Friend Street — and was christened 
by D'. Geo. Buist out of the large Bowl on the 31". 
July 1808. — NB D'. Buist died of a few days illness 
of a bilious fever on the 31'*. day of August 1808. — 

Martha Sommers Rowand was bom on Thursday the 24** 
of August 1809 3.t about half after 2. o.clock A. M. 
in the front Room up Stairs in Friend Street — christ- 
ened at the Horseshoe by the Rev*. Montgomery Adams 
in April 1810. 

Thomas Elliott Rowand was bom on Friday the 7** of 
January 1 81 4 at 8 o clock in the Mbming in the Front 
Room up Stairs in Friend Street and christened on the 
27". of February by the Rev*. M'. Leland— NB. The 
large Bowl was made use of. — 

Robert Rowand — the father of Harriott Elliott Maxwell 
& Charles E. Rowand was taken ill on Saturday the 11"*. 
of May 1816 at Poplar Grove, with a shivering & 
chillyness which brought on the fever, on Monday the 
13** was removed to Charleston, on Thursday 16**. 
confined to his Bed and terminated his existance in N'. 
48 Meeting Street on Saturday the 2$^\ May [illegi- 
ble] being exactly that day fomight he was taken 
sick — He was interred in the Scotch Church yard on 
the 26"* in [illegible] spot he had long before chosen 
and a Monument [illegible] — A large & respectable 


train of friends accompanied the corpse to [illegible.] 

aged 73 [illegible) 

1832 Martha Sommers Rowand was married to Alfred 
Rose Drayton on Thursday the 8"* day of November 
1832 by the Rev* Aurthur Buist. 

1833 Robert Rowand was married to Eliza Maria Bee on 
Thursday November 7'** 1833 by The Rev*. M'. Fran' 

1834 Alfred Tidyman Drayton was bom in Rutledge Street 
on Thursday 4 December 1834 at 8 o'clock in the 
morning — He was chrestened in St Paul's Church by 
the Rev* ChreBtian Hanckel on the 7*' Jan''- 1835 — 
God fathers and god mother C E. Rowand and A. R. 
Drayton — Hester T. Drayton. 

1835 Rob' Fra'. Rowand was christen'd March — 1835 by 
the Rev*. D'. Dalcho— He was bom on Jan'' 12** 
1835— God fathers C. E. R—[owand?] M" Labruce 
& Miss S. B [illegible.] 

Family of T. Y. S. Rowand & C. M [illegible) 
1874 Lottie Elliott Rowand bom 5 June 1874 in Charleston 

S. C. at 3 P M.— died Jan. 28 1894 
1876 Thomas Young Simons Rowand bom August 19*'' 

at I O'clock in Philadelphia Penn. 
1878 Eliza Sommers Rowand born September 10*' at i 

o'clock in Charleston 

Carohne M. Rowand D [illegible] 
Lx)ttie Elliott Rowand D [illegible] 
T. Y. S. Rowand D [illegible] 



STONO. — The original parish of St. Paul was created 
under the Church Act of 1706, and the Parish Church, 
built under the provisions of that Act, was located on 
a high plat of land near New Cut on a piece of 30 acres 
of land donated by Landgrave Edmund Bellinger. 
"New Cut" is the cut that connects the Stono River with 
Wadmelaw River and the site of the old Church is 
near a small creek running out of the Stono River and 
is immediately on the bank or bluff of high land where 
it rises above the marsh on the mainland or Colleton 
County side of Stono River. 

The Parish Church was built of brick on this spot 
in 1708 with a parsonage and outbuilding which latter 
were destroyed by the Indians in the Yemassee war of 
17 VS' The creation of the parish of St. John's Colleton 
in 1734 out of the Parish of St. Paul left the old Parish 
Church in an inconvenient place for the residents of the 
residue of the Parish, and in 1756 the Parish Church 
was moved to a more central spot near the road leading 
from Rantowles ferry to Parker's ferry across the 
Edisto River. Nothing now remains of the old Church 
*' on the salts" near New Cut except the foundations 
of a brick church in an irregular mass or mound and the 
fellowing gravestones: 

Here lyes Buried 

y. Body of M". 

Sarah Seabrook, 

dec*. June y*. i6*\, 171 5 

in the 47 year 

of her age. 

Here lyes the 
Body of M'. 


Robart Seabrook, 
dec^ Dec'., y*. /'. 
1 7 10, in y*. 59 year, 
of his age. 

Here lyes y*. 

Body of M'. 

Benjamin Seabrook 

Son of Mr. Robart 

& Sarah Seabrocrfc, 

Dec*. Jan^ y*. 7'\, 171 7, 

in y*. 19 year of his age. 

These three gravestones are all of a dark slate with 

foot-stones of the same material marked with the initials of 

the respective names and were on the 19". March 1899, in 

good preservation. 

Alongside of these stones were two others of some 
softer, whitish stone deeply buried in the earth and ap- 
parently so decomposed by weather and moisture as to 
have nothing legible left. 

On the other side of the old foundations from the 
stones above mentioned was the following one : 

In Memory of 

M". Amerinthia Lowndes 

the affectionate 

and much beloved wife 

of Mr. Rawlins Lowndes, 

of Charles Town, who lies buried here 

at her own particular Desire 

near her deceased Parents 

Jn*. Tho'. & Mary Elliott 

of this Parish — She died the I4*^ 

of Jan'., 1750 — Aged 21 years. 

This last stone is a hard brown sandstone, and the 
inscription on it is as clear and distinct as the day it 
was cut. — Contributed by Mr, Henry A, M. Smith, 

■ir iT.." "ii 

^ / 



The South 'CaroUna 

Historical and Genealogical 


VOL. XI. APRIL, 1910. No. 2. 


By Henry A. M. Smith. 

The term "Barony," as frequently used in relation to 
estates in South Carolina, has been both misunderstood and 
misapplied. It did not mean merely an estate of a large 
number of acres, nor was it a "barony" although held by a 
person however wealthy or prominent unless he was one 
who, by his official dignity in the province, was entitled 
to hold a barony. 

According to the Fundamental Constitutions as originally 
adopted by the Lords Proprietors, a signiory and a barony 
consisted each of twelve thousand acres.* A "signiory" 
was the estate of a Proprietor, and each of the eight Pro- 
prietors was entitled to a signiory in each county. A 
"barony" was the estate of a Landgrave or a Cassique. 
Each Landgrave ( and there was to be one for each county) 
was to have four baronies, and each Cassique (and there 
were to be two for each county) was to have two.* The 
term barony was thus in strictness applicable only to the 
estate of twelve thousand acres granted to either a Land- 
grave or a Cassique as an estate attached to his title and 
dignity. With the passing of the dominion of the Lords 
Proprietors, when the Crown took over the colony, there 
passed also the existence of Proprietors and the provisions 
for Landgraves and Cassiques. 

^CarrolVs Hist. Coll. of S. C, Vol. 2, p. 363. 
Ibid, p. 364. 


No more such dignities were conferred and lands could 
be no longer granted as signiories or baronies. 

As the Proprietors transferred their interests to the 
Crown in 1729, for an estate to have been strictly a barony 
it must have been either actually granted or agreed to be 
granted before that date to either a Landgrave or a 



The Ashley Barony, so called, was properly the "Sig- 
niory" in Berkeley County granted to the Earl of Shafts- 
bury, one of the Proprietors. 

Of all the Proprietors who embarked in the enterprise of 
developing the magnificent territory in North America un- 
dertaken to be given to them by King Charles II, none took 
a more active and zealous interest than Anthony Lord 
Ashley, afterwards Earl of Shaftsbury. In addition to 
his contribution to the common stock or capital subscribed 
by the several Proprietors, he endeavored on his own part, 
and as his individual undertaking, to take up estates and 
cultivate and settle plantations. 

He at one time contemplated coming out in person and 
joining in the settlement. 

In the very first instructions g^ven by the Lords Pro- 
prietors to Gov' William Sayle, in charge of the intended 
settlement, and dated 26*** July, 1669, they direct him:' 
"12. Yo" are to cause y* Land to be laid out in 
''Squares containeing each 12000 acres, every of w"* 
"Squares that shall be taken up by a Propriet' is to 
"be a Signiory. And each Square that shall be taken 
"up by a Landgrave or Cassique is to be a Barrony, 
"and each of those squares w*"' shall be taken up or 
"planted on by any of the people shall be a CoUony, 
"And reserved wholly for y* use of y* people as they 
"come to setle, keeping the proporcon of twenty- 
"fower Collonyes to eight Signorys & eight Bar- 
•Collection of S. C. Hist. Soc, Vol. 5, p. 121. 


These instructions were in accordance with the provis- 
ions of the Fundamental Constitutions, but it was much 
easier to prescribe methods of survey and plotting on paper 
in England than carry them out on the spot amid the 
rivers, swamps, morasses and forests of South Carolina. 

It was never attempted. To lay out the territory as pre- 
scribed was wholly beyond the means or the power of the 
infant settlement. 

For purposes of common defence and of common sup- 
port it was necessary that the settlers should be in as close 
proximity and touch with each other as was compatible with 
the pursuit of their occupations, and as soon as the settle- 
ment was established grants of land were made preferably 
in close neighborhood. 

In the case of Carolina, when the lands nearest the main 
settlement — Charles Town — were taken up, the more dis- 
tant lands were granted out, but on no discernible system. 
Grants of land were as a rule made irregularly and in spots, 
as suited the fancy or selection of the person receiving the 

The land in South Carolina was not laid out nor taken 
up in squares, nor were signories and baronies of 12000 
acres laid out for the Proprietors, Landgraves and Cas- 
siques. The grants at first were for comparatively small 
amounts in acres. The first grant for so large an acreage 
as exceeded 5,000 acres, is the grant of this Signiory to the 
Earl of Shaftsbury. 

A small tract of land, or plantation, was settled at the 
very beginning for the joint account of the Proprietors on 
the west (or south) side of the Ashley River, where the 
present village of Marysville stands. 

This, however, was settled more to be worked as a farm 
or plantation for the purpose of supplying food, of ex- 
perimenting on proposed objects of agriculture, and of 
demonstrating to the settlers the method of profitably utiliz- 
ing their lands. 

Lord Ashley very early took steps to have a signiory 
allotted to him, to be cultivated as his individual estate. 


On 15** De( ', 1671, he wrote to Sir John Yeamans, then 
just appointed Governor of the Province/ 

"I desire you would doe me the particular kindnesse to 
"take with you M' Mathews my Deputy M' West and 
"Captain Halsted if hee be there and with them take 
"up for me a Colony of 12000 Acres in some conve- 
"nient healthy fruitful place upon Ashley Riven" 

And on the next day — ^the 16** December, 1671 — he 
wrote to Capt. Halsted :* 

"I have writt to Sir John Yeamans to take you and 
"M' Mathews with him and to take me up a Colony on 
"Ashley River I would have it a commodiouse pleas- 
"ant Place in a healthy and f ruiteful soyle wherein I 
"very much depend upon your skill and assistance." 

On the same day he wrote to M' Maurice Mathews, noti- 
fying him that he had appointed him his Deputy in South 
Carolina,* and, 

"In particular I desire you would consult with Sir 
"John Yeamans and that he and you would togeather 
"lay out for me 12000 of fruitefull healthy Land in the 
"most convenient place for a pleasant seat upon the 
"River Ashley" 

The formal appointment of Maurice Mathews as Deputy 
for Lord Ashley bears date 18*"* Deer., 167 1.* 

On is'^ Jany., 1673/^, Lord Ashley wrote to M' 
Mathews :' 

"The bearer hereof M' Man is one whom I have 

"sent over with a designe to imploy there ; and 'tis not 

"unlikely he may be an assistant to you in the man- 

"agement of that Plantation I desire to have theire 

"upon my owne private account, the care and gov- 

"emment whereof I intend to intrust to you as my chief 


*Ibid, p. 362. 
•Ibid, p. 365. 
•Ibid, p. 363. 
'Ibid. p. 362. 
•Ibid, p. 375. 


And again on 20*"* June, 1672, (having in the mean- 
time been created Earl of Shaftsbury) he wrote to 
Mathews :* 

"I desire you to choose out for me a commodious 
"Signiory to plant on when I am sattisfied of your 
"choice I intend to stock it and to lay out a good deale 
"of money in making a Plantation for myself e, the 
"ordering whereof I intend to commit to your care." 

And on 25"* June, 1672, to M' Joseph West :" 

"I would alsoe desire your care in the choice of a 
"Signiory for me either on Ashley or Cooper River in 
"a place of the greatest pleasantness and advantage 
"for health and profitt which must be where there is 
"high Ground neare a navigable River and if it be 
"above the tydes flowing 'tis the better," 

Matthews had some time prior to these letters made an 
exploration of the Ashley River, which he had described 
in a letter to Lord Ashley, dated 30*^ August, 1671." He 
went by land towards the head of the river : 

"About 30 miles or more vpwards wee came Among 
"the Cussoo Indians our friends; with whome I had 
"been twice before ; from whome taking a point of 
"the Compass We steered towards the head of the 
"river; y* after noone as wee traviled we found Cypress 
"trees innumerable, very tall and large, they y* have 
"ye best skill here say it is the very best sort itt was 
"not above 3 hours before wee came to the river 
"which wee found very narrow & betweene & upon 
"A continued Rock Like Barbadoes sandstone, there 
"about We saw Ceedar & Cypress in noe small numb ; 
"this done wee came home & y* next day after went 
"up again by Watter in A boate and in one tide went 
"up farther then the aforesaide shallop had been. Be- 
"tween 20 or 30 mile up from y* Towne in this Journey 

Ibid, p. 399. 
*1bid, p. 406. 
"Ibid, p. 335. 


"we saw severall excellent savanas containing A vast 
"quantity of Land; in one about 500 Acres wee saw 
"dide & y* which wee call in England Withy: y' 
"marshes of each side cease; & the river is wholly be- 
"tweene & upon A Rock, very good Land, timber 
"abundance & cheifly while oakes, Cedar much near 
"y* water side, & not a little Cypress, when wee went 
"up About 60 miles from the rivers mouth wee were 
"stopt by trees y* Lay thwart y* River throwne downe 
"by weather or fallen by age, wee did severall times 
"carry our boate over the trees ; but y' Tide spent and 
"night approaching & our victuals not soe much as 
"wee thought wee came back." 

The instructions of the Earl to Matthews were carried 
out, for at a meeting of the Grand Council, held March 4'*, 
1672/3," it is entered that, 

"Capt: Maurice Matthews reports that he has 
"marked 12000 acres of land for my Lord Ashley on 
"the first bluff bank upon the first Indian plantacon on 
"the right hand in the Westerne branch of the North 
"river commonly called y* Mulberry tree ; and alsoe a 
"sevanoe with the land about it for about 3 or four 
"miles above the passable tree that lyes over Ashley 
"river both which the Grand Councill have resolved be 
"so reserved till further orders." 

The location of the "passable tree" in March, 1672/3, 
cannot be now definitely settled. It was no doubt one of 
the trees encountered by Matthews in August, 1671, which 
lay "thwart" the river. If the land so marked by him and 
reserved by the Grand Council was the same as afterwards 
granted to the Earl of Shaftsbury, then if it ran three or 
four miles above the passable tree, it would place that tree 
at about the "Booshooe" bluff, the site of the future vil- 
lage of Dorchester, where the old fort now stands. Here 
the river narrows considerably, and while, for some distance 
below, the marl (which Matthews likens to "Barbadoes 

^Journal of Grand Council, published by Hist. Com", of S. C. p. 55. 


sandstone") is evident first on one bank and then on the 
other, yet at Dorchester and above the river runs "wholly" 
between banks of marl in a bed scooped, as it were, out of 
the marl. 

The land reserved on the western branch of the Cooper 
River at the "Mulberry tree" was not granted to the Earl 
of Shaftsbury; but was in 1679 granted to another Pro- 
prietor, Sir Peter Colleton." 

On the 18'** March, 1675, a formal grant for 12,000 
acres on Ashley River was issued to Anthony, Earl of 
Shaftsbury, which supposedly included the land marked by 
Matthews and reserved by the Grand Council in March, 

For some reason the Earl of Shaftsbury does not seem 
at first to have taken very kindly to his signiory on Ashley 
River, but inclined to establish himself elsewhere. 

On 23* May, 1674, he writes to M' West :" 

"Though by the great tracts of land taken up upon 
"Ashley River; whereby there is little convenience left 
"to those who would come thither, and that smale care 
"was taken by the people there to set apart for me a 
"comodious Siginory who had designed to come and 
"plant amongst them. I am driven to seeke out some 
"other new place to setle in." 

And on the same day to Maurice Matthews:" 

"My thoughts were to have planted on Ashley 
"River but the people tooke soe little care to allow 
"or provide me any accomodacon neare them having 
"taken up for themselves all the best conveniencies on 
"that river and left me not a tolerable Place to plant' 
"on nearer then two Miles from the Water that I am 
"forced to seeke out in another place and resolve to 
"take me a Signiory at Edisto River." 

"Grant Bk., Vol. 38, p. 15. " 

" Grant Bk., Vol. 38, p. 1. 

''Collection Hist. Society of S. C, Vol. 5, p. 446. 

"Ibid, p. 448. 



The place selected by him was on Edisto Island (then 
called Locke Island), and the person selected to take it up 
was M' Andrew Percivall. Percivall seems to have been 
some sort of connection of the Earl of Shaftsbury. In the 
letter to Matthews the Earl describes Percivall as one** 

"Who hath a Relacon to my Family." 

Percivall was not only to take up a signiory for the 
Earl," but he was also to make a settlement there for the 
Lords Proprietors, and was to be independent of the Gov- 
ernment at the settlement on Ashley River." 

M' Henry Woodward was directed to treat with the 
Indians of Edisto for the island and buy it of them." 

This projected settlement at Edisto Island seems to have 
soon been abandoned. It was difficult enough to protect 
and keep going the infant settlement at Ashley River, and 
another small independent community was impossible. 
Even as late as 1686, after the Province had had. sixteen 
years of growth, the Spaniards were able, with the assist- 
ance of their Indian allies, to destroy the Scotch settlement 
at Port Royal and ravage and plunder the plantations on 
Edisto Island. 

It is probable that Percivall himself on his arrival in the 
Province recognized the futility of the projected enterprise. 
Nothing seems to have been done on Edisto Island, and the 
only lasting reminiscence of this plan of the Earl's is the 
following, which the writer gives only as a suggestion, 
viz. : from time as long as oral tradition can go that part of 
Edisto Island nearest the mainland on the South Edisto 
River has been known as the "borough." No explana- 
tion of the use of the term as applied to that part of the 
Island has ever been given to or found by the writer, and he 
has only been able to conjecture that it originated in this 
scheme of the Earl of Shaftsbury, in 1674, for an inde- 
pendent settlement and town on Edisto Island. 

The Ashley River signiory seems then to have been 

"Ibid, p. 448. 
"Ibid, p. 443. 
"Ibid, p. 443. 
"Ibid, p. 445. 


taken up and placed in charge of Percivall as early at least 
as October, 1674. 

Henry Woodward, in his account of his Westoe voy- 
age, written to the Earl under date of 31'* December, 
1674, states that he began his voyage from the head of 
Ashley River on lo*** October, 1674." 

"Haveing received notice at Charles Towne from M' 
"Percyvall y* strange Indians were arrived at y' 
itjj^hipB Plantation, Immediately I went up in y' 
"yawle were I found according to my former con- 
"jecture in all probability that they were y* Westoes 

"The tenth of Oct**" being Saturday in y* afternoon I 
"accordingly set forth * * We travelled y' remain- 
"ing part of y* afternoon West & by North through 
"y' L**ships land towards y' head of Ashley River pass- 
"ing divers tracks of excellent oake and Hickery land 
"w*" divers spatious Savanas * * * * y« weather 
"continuing wett wee tooke up our quarters having 
"steered exactly by Compass from St Giles Plantation 
"according to y* forenamed Course." 

After describing his voyage, which lasted into Novem- 
ber, he adds : 

"& y* 6*" of y* Instant in safety I arrived at yo' Hon" 
"Plantation at y' Head of Ashley River." 

The formal grant of the Signiory of 12,000 acres is 
dated iS**" March, 1675. 

The Earl seems to have thought it advisable to establish 
his title by a purchase from the Indians occupying the land. 
The Cussoe, or Kussoe, or Cussoo, Indians occupied the 
territory on the south-west side of the Ashley River near 
its head, about opposite Booshooe, or the future village of 
Dorchester, over to the Edisto River and down to Stono 
River. On lo*** March, 1675, ^ ^^^ ^f grant was obtained" 

"Ibid, p. 456. 

"Office Hist. Com" Bk., 1683-1690, p. 10. 


"Wee the Cassiques naturell Born Hears & Sole own- 

"ers & proprietors of great & lesser Cussoe lying on the 

"River of Kyewah the River of Stonoe & the freshes 

"of the River of Edistoh" 

of all the territory called 'great & lesser Cussoe.' to the Right 

Honourable Anthony Earl of Shaftsbury, Lord Baron 

Ashley of Wimbome, St. Gyles, Lord Cooper of Pawlett, 

and the rest of the Lords Proprietors. The consideration 

was "a valuable parcel of cloth, beads and other goods and 


King Charles H had already granted the land irrespec- 
tive of the claims of the existing occupants. The Elarl of 
Shaftsbury supplemented this grant by a peaceful title from 

In so doing he preceded William Penn, whose celebrated 
treaty and purchase was in 1682. Penn obtained a grant 
from King Charles II for the great domain of Pennsyl- 
vania in like manner as the Proprietors of Carolina had ob- 
tained their grant. Following the example of Shaftsbury 
in the case of the Cussoe Indians, Penn also obtained a 
title by purchase from the Delaware Indians, the Lenni- 
Lenape. The consideration paid in each case was, so to 
say, trifling when compared to the territory acquired. Un- 
fortunately for Shaftsbury, he has had no historian, and 
especially no Benjamin West. A huge live oak at the Cus- 
soe settlement would have become as famous as the elm tree 
at Shakamaxon, and Shaftsbury (or Percivall for him) 
might well have been depicted with a benignant smile ex- 
tending to a number of unclothed red men a few strings of 
blue grass beads as the price of their homes and heritage. 
The signiory was called St. Giles (the Earl of Shafts- 
bury was Lord Baron Ashley of Wimborne, St. Giles, and 
the family seat was St. Giles in Dorsetshire) or Cussoe. 
On 9**" June, 1675, the Earl addresses a letter to "M' Per- 
civall at St. Giles Plantacon on Ashley river in Carolina."" 
The Earl also forwarded settlements in his neighlx)rhood. 
Andrew Percivall himself took up a grant for 2,000 acres 

''Collecr' Hist. Soc. of S. C, Vol. 5, p. 465. 


a few miles higher up Ashley River at a place called "The 
Ponds/' but by him "Weston Hall." 

Jacob Waight, a quaker, recommended by the Earl to the 
Governor and Council in a letter dated 9*"* June, 1675, took 
out a grant for 764 acres on Ashley River south of and 
adjoining to the signiory. 

John Smith, also recommended by the Earl, 14*** June, 
1674, and afterwards created a Cassique by the Lords 
Proprietors, took out a grant for 1,800 acres at Booshooe, 
(afterwards Dorchester) on the Ashley River opposite the 
signiory; and Robert Smith, also highly recommended by 
the Elarl, took out a grant for 600 acres on the Ashley 
River, also opposite the signiory, at the place afterwards 
known as Oak Forrest. 

It will thus appear how active the Earl of Shaftsbury 
was in his endeavours to settle the colony. 

At a meeting of the Grand Council held 14*^ July, 1677, 
it was resolved** 

"that if any of the nation of the Westoes happen 
"at any time henceforth to arrive upon the Borders of 
"this settlement either by the way of St. Gyles ^Is 
"Cussoe, the plantation of M' Andrew Percivall, or 
"the plantation of Capt. William Walley managed by 
"M' James Moore or by the way of Sewee where the 
"Sewee Indians are seated, that the said M' Percivall 
"and y* said M' Moore as the said Westoes shall hap- 
"pen to come to their habitations or pass through their 
"Plantations doe take care to lett them know that they 
"are not to proceed farther into the settlement.*' 

And at another meetting of the Council i" June, 1680, 
It was resolved that:" 

"Capt ffuller shall take and receive into his care and 

"Custodie y* publick powder att Cussoe house there 

"formerlie Intrusted under y* care of M' Andrew 


The Earl of Shaftsbury was forced to fly from England 

*• Journal of Grand Council, p. 82. 
*Ibid, p. 84. 


in 1682 and died in exile 21" January, 1683. His troubles 
and difficulties at home no doubt put an end to his efforts 
and expenditures on his Carolina investment. To what 
extent he settled it and where was the exact site of "Cussoe" 
house, it is impossible now to say. Probably it was at the 
spot where Wragg afterwards established hisi residence. 
The map attached to the grant is non-existent, or at least 
is not to be found among the records in Columbia. 

The earliest map known is that made in 17 16 by Col: 
Herbert, when the property was sold to Wragg. The prop- 
erty at the Earl's death supposedly descended to his son, 
the second Earl, at whose death it went to the latter's eldest 
son, the third Earl, who, on the 20*^ July, 1698, transferred 
his proprietorship, including the signiory of St. Giles, to his 
brother, the Honourable Maurice Ashley. What was done 
with the estate in the meantime in the way of utilizing 
it does not appear. 

Andrew Percivall returned to England in 1694 and ap- 
pears to have soon after died there." 

On 3* August, 171 7, the Honourable Maurice Ashley 
conveyed the property to Samuel Wragg. 

M' Samuel Wragg was a merchant of means and 
standing, who had been for some time connected with the 
Province. As early as 17 12 he was a member of the Pro- 
vincial House of Commons, and in April, 171 7, had been 
appointed a member of the Council under the Proprietory 
Government in Governor Robert Johnson's administration. 
On acquiring the property, or just before, he had in No- 
vember, 1 7 16, a plat made of it by Col : John Herbert. 

Shortly after acquiring the property he subdivided it. 
On 6*" August, 1720, he conveyed to Jacob Satur," for 
£300 sterling, 3,000 acres, and on the same day he con- 
veyed, also for £300 sterling, 3,000 acres to Alexander 
Skene," retaining 6,000 acres for himself, on which he es- 
tablished his residence. 

At his death in 1750 the property went to his son, Wil- 
liam Wragg, who was one of the most eminent and opulent 

'^Collection S. C. Hist. Soc, Vol. 5, p. 440. 
"M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. D, p. 7 
-Ibid, p. 317. 


citizens of the Province. He had been educated in England 
and filled many of the prominent posts in the Province, was 
a member of the Provincial House of Commons and of his 
Majesty's Council, was appointed Chief Justice, but declined 
the office. 

He was a consistent and loyal supporter of the Crown 
in the struggle preceding the Revolution. For his attitude, 
and especially his refusal to sign the non-importation agree- 
ment, he was by the General Committee, appointed by the 
Revolutionary Provincial Congress, ordered to confine him- 
self to his barony on Ashley River. He was later compelled 
to leave the Province. On his voyage to Europe in 1777, 
the vessel was wrecked near the coast of Holland, and he 
was drowned whilst endeavoring to save the life of an in- 
fant son. 

A small tablet to his memory is on the wall of Westmin- 
ster Abbey. 

At his death the property passed to his son, William, 
who left two daughters, one of whom married the Hon. 
William Loughton Smith, some time member of Congress 
from South Carolina, and also at one time Minister from 
the United States to the Court of Portugal. To the latter's 
son, William Wragg Smith, the property went. M' Wil- 
liam Wragg Smith w;as a gentleman of education and 
culture, who contributed by his investigations and publica- 
tions to the knowledge of the botany of the low country of 
South Carolina. He died in 1875 without children, the 
property having continued in the same family 158 years, 
from 1 71 7 to 1875. 

The family residence was, it is said, destroyed in 1865 
during the civil war. After that it became the site of a 
I^osphate mining establishment, so that the old garden, 
fish ponds, etc., around the old house have been practically 
obliterated, and the whole spot marred by the remnants 
of the old sheds and machinery, and an unseemly heap of 
detritus washed off the phosphate in its preparation for 
market. A few handsome oak trees survive. The family 
grzveyzrd is on the edge of the high land between the site 
of the old mansion and the river. There are the remains 


of an old brick fence around the graveyard. In the north- 
east comer are the broken parts of the foundation of a 
monument. On this once lay a thin marble slab. This slab 
(in 1899) was broken into small pieces which, when put 
together, showed the following inscription: 

Under this Marble 
lieth the Body of Samuel Wragg Esquire 


Having in 171 7 purchased the Tract of Land 

called Ashley Barony 


dying the * * * * * day of November 1750 

«««#«#«# y^ Directions 

To have h * * * * mains deposited in this Part of it. 

The filial Piety of William Wragg 

towards the best of Fathers 

caused this inscription to be made 

In the centre of the lot was a truncated marble pyramid 
which had been overturned and lay on its side, and on 
which was the following : 

Here lie the Remains of 

M" Henrietta Wragg 

who died on the 3'* day of January 

1802 aged 64 years and 28 days 

She was the widow of 

William Wragg Esq' 

who on his passage from 

Charleston to Europe in 1777 

was cast away on the coast of 

Holland and drowned. 

Here are also deposited 

the remains of 

William Wragg Esq' 

Son of the above mentioned 

William and Henrietta 


who departed this life on the 

6*'' day of August 1803 
aged 33 years and 7 months 


And in the northwest corner is a slab on a brick founda- 
tion with the following: 

M" W° Loughton Smith 

Bom May 14"" 1774. Died Feby 6*"* 1852 

To the fondest of mothers 

Elizabeth Wragg 
Bom March 17*" 1773. Died May 24*" 1849 
In memory of a Kind and affectionate Aunt 

MT' E. O. Lowndes and W" Wragg Smith have conse- 
crated this spot. 

At the death of M' William Wragg Smith, in 1875, the 
estate was substantially in extent as it had been retained 
and established by Samuel Wragg the original purchaser. 
Two pieces had been conveyed away, viz, in 1766 William 
Wragg had conveyed off some 1,082 acres from 
the southeastern portion, which was subsequently known as 
the "Salt Hill" plantation, and about the same time, or a 
little later, a plantation of some 600 acres on the Ashley 
River was also separated from the estate. This last became 
the "Uxbridge" plantation, the residence of the Hon. John 
Matthews, Governor of the State in 1783. 

By the census of 1790 it appears that, notwithstanding 
the ravages of the war, William Wragg still had settled on 
his barony some 200 slaves. 

Owing to the long ownership by the Wragg family the 
property was sometimes referred to as the Wragg barony ; 
its proper title was as has been stated the "Signiory of St. 
Giles," although commonly styled the Ashley Barony. 

Alexander Skene, to whom Samuel Wragg sold 3,000 
acres in 1721, was also a man of • prominence in the 

He had originally come from Barbados and was a mem- 
ber of the Council with Samuel Wragg in 171 7, and after- 
wards took a prominent part in the overthrow of the Pro- 
prietary Government in 1720. He early conveyed away a 


tract of i,ooo acres from the southern part of his purchase 
to William Douglas* who transferred it to John Walter, 
of Woking Park or Tooting, County Surrey, England, and 
in 1727 he also conveyed 300 acres to Thomas Gadsden," 
the ancestor of the Gadsden family of South Carolina. 

The 1,300 acres remaining Skene continued to hold. He 
apparently called his plantation "New Skene," " and at his 
death it passed to his son, John Skene. 

John Skene died in 1768. He bequeathed to the Commis- 
sioners of Fortifications'* 

"All my Great Guns for the use of the Magazine 
"and Fort at Dorchester, Reserving to the officers (for 
"the time being) of the St Georges Troop the Liberty 
"of using them on any Public day Especially on his 
"Majesty's birthday and the 23'* of April" 

To Miss Judith Wragg he bequeathed his gold watch 
and seal with "my dear Mother's Coat of Arms, viz* — a 
Buck's head the Motto Lucio sed no Uro" (sic) ; to the 
church wardens of St. George's Parish, his large silver 
cup and his large Bible with brass clasps; his other large 
Bible to the Parish Library. 

His real and personal property he devised to his friend, 
William Wragg, Esq. William Wragg in 1770 sold the 
1,300 acres to William Haggatt, who renamed it "Haggatt 
Hall." William Haggatt was an Englishman, who mar- 
ried Elizabeth Walter, the daughter of William Walter, 
and grand daughter of John Walter, of Woking Park. She 
had been educated in England, where she married Haggatt. 

After Haggatt's death the property was acquired by 
Samuel Wainwright, who further subdivided it, conveying 
off 200 acres to William Morgan, and also disposing of 
398 acres opposite the Town of Dorchester, which was sub- 
sequently owned by Thomas Waring, of Pine Hill, and 
called the "Laurels." The remaining 700 acres Samuel 
Wainwright in 1784 devised to his nephew, Richard Wain- 

*M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. P, p. 53. 

"Ibid, Bk. I, p. 178. 

"Memo. Bk., Vol. 5, p. 129. 

"Prob. Ct. Charleston, Bk. 1761-1777, p. 235. 


Wright, as "Haggatt Hall." The name Haggatt Hall still 
survives locally, but corrupted to "Hackett's Hill/' 

The 1,000 acres acquired by John Walter was called 
"Wampee" plantation, and was devised to his son, William. 
John Walter owned considerable real estate in South Caro- 
lina, viz. : a plantation called "Red Bank," on the Cooper 
River, and a tract of 12,000 acres, called Walter's Barony, 
on Day's Creek, or New River, in Granville, now Beaufort 
County. William Walter devised the "Wampee" planta- 
tion to his son, John AUeyne Walter, who was for a time 
a lieutenant in Col. William Moultrie's regiment, and mar- 
ried Jane Oliphant, the daughter of D' David Oliphant, 
a member of the Council of Safety, a prominent figure in 
the Revolutionary councils, and director of the general 
hospital in the Continental army under Lincoln at the 
siege of Charleston. 

The 3,000 acres sold to Jacob Satur soon underwent 
great sd:)division. Satur was a merchant, and disposed of 
it rapidly, selling the bulk in 1721 to William Wallace for 
f 5,900 currency, equivalent to about £843 sterling, and 
the tract was broken up into comparatively small planta- 
tions, which frequently changed hands. 

The other plantations, viz., Wragg's, Uxbridge, Salt Hill, 
Haggatt Hall, The Laurels, Wampee, and the 300 acres of 
Gadsden, remained practically intact as estates until the 
close of the civil war — that political, financial and social 
cataclysm which completely broke up the landed system and 
society of low-country South Carolina. 

The map published with this article is a map showing 
the lines of the signiory according to Col. Herbert's map of 
1716, with the later subdivisions and adjacent roads and 


(Continued from the January number. ) 



John Jones C Town Mary Sharp S. Jacksonburg Dec' 

Edw* : Lightwood C Town Elizab : Peronneau S C Town 

Jan i'\ 
Jn' Blott C T Ann Parks W Jany. 
W". Morgan C T Mary Chanler S C Town Jan i" 
Rob : Cripps Mary Trail [ ?] S Jan''. 

Jn' Mathewes Goosecredc Sally Scott S. Boston Jan 
W" Carson C Town Rebecca Lloyd S. C Town Jan 9** 
Rev* Hugh Allison C Town Dorothy Smiser S C Town 

Jan ii^"* 
Daniel Bourdeaux C Town Martha Smith S C Town 

Jan II 
Nathan* : Greene Hiltonhead. Susan* : Chanler S C Town 

Jan 15 
'alias Samuel (Timothy) Elias Jaudon Mary Dixon S 

PW"" Feb. 
John Simpson Georgia Elizabeth Dale S S' Carolina March 
W" Doughty CTown Rachel Porcher S C Town Feb: 
Benj': Mathewes C Town Sarah Sams S Jh': Isl*: Mar: 1 

James S' John C Town Eliza : Boomer S C Town Mar 
Capt" : Tho' Heyward of y" Ship Martin Ann Sinclair S 

C Town Mar 
Joseph Bee James Island E Sandaford S Ja' Island Mar 1 

W"Glen CTown Martha Miller S S* Thomas April 5*' | 

Thomas Smith S' Bart Hannah Cochran S S* Bart Apr: 19 j 

John Saunders S' Bart Elizabeth Palmer S S* Bart Apr: 26 | 

^Married] Mr. Elias Jaudon, to Miss Mary Dickson, Daughter of ' 

the deceased Capt. Thomas Dickson. — South Carolina and American 1 

General Gasette, Feb. 14. 1770. 


John Law Connecticut Mtary Glover W S* Bart May 6 
Joseph Brailsford P William Eliza: McPherson S 

P. William May 3 
James Carson Esfl' Johns Island: Ann Stuart Beaufort 

John Robert [Indian Land] Elizabeth Dixon May 
Bryan Cape C Town Mary Hetherington W S* Thomas 

May 13 
James Hume Georgia Mary Tannard S Georgia May 
David Gillespie ABC Town Mary Rogers W C Town 

May 14 
Capt: Edw* Darrell* Bermuda Ann Smith S C Town 

May 15 
Robert Rose S* Andrew Rebecca Rivers S S' And'': 

May 10 
Tho*: Rose* S* Andrew Mary Ann Qerk Sanders S 

S' Pauls May 26 
William Saunders S* Bart: Eliza: Saunders S S* Bart 

Ulysses McPherson P Williams Sarah Laird* S C Town 

Samuel Hopkins C Town Frances Dandridge* W C Town 

June 21. 
Mark Morris C Town Margaret Tew S Ja': Island 

June 14 
Jn' Chestnut Sarah Cantey S S' Johns June 
Charles Johnston C Town Mary McKenzie* S C Town 

June 17 
Jonathan Sarazin C Town Sarah Prioleau* W C Town 

Jume 22 
George Flagg C Town Mary Anderson S C Town July 

•Married.] Captain Edward Darrell, to Miss Ann Smith, Daughter of 
the Rev. Josiah Smith. — S, C. and American General Gas., May 23, 1770. 

•Married.] Mr. Thomas Rose to Miss Mary — ^Anne Clark Saunders, 
Daughter of the deceased Joshua Saunders Esq; of St Bartholomew's* 
Parish.— Ibid, May 30, 1770. 

*Only child of Mr. John Laird.— Ibid. June 15, 1770. 

•Widow of W". Dandridge.- Ibid. 

•Only child of Mr. Robert Mackenzie, Merchant. — Ibid, June 22, 

'Widow of Elijah Prioleau, Esq.— Ibid, July 25, 1770. 

•Daughter of Mr. John Anderson. — Ibid. 


William Hopkins C Town Eliza: Wdch S C Town 

Aug 12 
William Air C Town Mary Stephenson S C Town 

Aug 2 
Thomas Jervey C Town Grace Hall S C Town Aug 
John Waring C Town Charlotte Williamson W* Ditto 

Sept. 1 6 
Stephen Miles Cainhoy Mary Roche S' Tho'. Sep 22 
David Guerard Santee Martha Barnwell S Beaufort 

Sep 16 
James Leslie Hobcaw Mary Stokes W C Town Sep 22 
Peter Delancy Esq' C Town Elizab : Beresford S C Town 

D' James Weems Moore C Town Susan*: Jones S S* 

Pauls Octo: 4 
John Wilkie Jane Hext W" Edisto Oct: 

Joseph Smith N. York Elis: Gordon CT Oct: 
James Taylor. B. binder C To Ann Chopard S C Town 

Oct' I 
James Jordon Overs : S* Bart Sarah Christie S S* Bart : 

Elias Horri Esq' P George Elizab : Brandford S C Town 

Nov' 15 
Alexander Mazyck C Town Charlotte Broughton S 

St John's Nov' 15 
Edward Kirk Merch New Province Charlotte Bennit 

C Town Nov' 
Andrew Lord Mterdi* C Town Ann Gadsden W C Town 

Nov' 22 
James Boswood: Bl: Sm*" Edmundsbury Mary Jack- 
son S Jacksonburg Sep' 20 
♦Dan' Huger C Town Sabina Elliott C Town Nov i 
Thomas Screven Eleanor Hart March 
Isaac Peace Elis: (Jibson S Barbadoes Aug* 
Josef^i Bee Jas Isfand Elis: Sandaiord Ja' I Oct' 

[Above line erased in original.] 
Peter Simons S* James S Mary Greenland S Dec' 
John Ruberry Elis. Wilkie Nov i [1772] 

•Widow of Champernown Williamson. — Ibid, Sep. 17, 1770. 
"Widow of Alexander Hext.— Ibid, Oct. 31, 1770. 
♦See note on opposite page. 


George Greenland C Town Martha Simons S S' Ja' 

San Dec 
^Stewart Nicolas Elis Frederick S — Nov' i 
W" Shepherd Elis: Steel 
*Chas Harris Elis: Christie S. Dec. 31 
* James Bryan Mary Sanks S June 16 


Major Pierce Butler 29**" Regi*: Mary Middleton Spin 

Beaufort. Jan': 10 
John Brewton Mercht C Town Mary Weyman Spinster 

C Town Jan^ 8 
Andrew Broughton C Town Sarah Glaze S C Town 

John Potter Shoemaker C Town Sarah Hinds S C Town 

Rob* Williams Jun' : Att'^ CTown Ann Roper S CTown 

Feb: 7 
Amoldus Vanderhorst Esq' C Church Elizabeth Raven S 

C Town March 5 
Rene Peyre Planter S' Stevens Elizabeth Cantey S March 
John Nevin Attorney C Town Ann Baker March 
Edward Forshaw. Taylor Jacksonburg Elizabeth Price. 

Widow S* Barth : March 20 
William Scott Jun'. Mer C Town Elizabeth Legare S 

C Town April 2 
Nathan Tart Planter C Church Frances Garden S S' 

Thomas April 
Peter Spence D' Jacksonburg Frances Brown Geo: Town 

April 7'': 
Isaac Chanler M D. C Town Sarah White Ap' : 
Michael Muckinfus 73 C Town Susannah Molloson 51 

W. S* George April 
William Roper Esq' Att' C Town Hannah Dart S C 

Town May s*"* 
Daniel Heyward Planter S* Helena Marg' Heyward S. 

C Town May 

♦Daniel Huger, Stewart Nicholas and James Bryan were married 
in 1772, and Charles Harris in 1773. — See Marriage Notices in The 
South Carolina Gazette ... by A. S. Salley, Jr. 


• Thomas Bull Carpenter C Town Sarah Simons S C Town 
May 12 

John Linning Planter C Town Mary Rivers S Wappo 
May 30 

Henry Crouch, Clerk C Town Josepha Watson S. Eng- 
land May 30 

John Fraser C Town Mary Stobo S Willtown June 23 

D' Benj : Willply Combahee Sarah McGaw S C Town 

Benjamin WigfaJl Plan: S' Thomas. Martha Ehitarq: S. 
Aug*: I 

Col". Daniel Heyward Plan. S* Helena Elizabeth Sim- 
mons S C Town Sept': 8 

Acquilla Miles S* Peter Dunn W. Purysburg Sept'. 

Edward Simons C Town Lidia Ball S. Goose creek. 
Octo'. 18 

William Swallow Merch : C Town Sarah Prince S Oct' 26 

Robert Porteous Merchant Beaufort Ann Wigg S. Beau- 
fort Nov' : 

John Glen Esq'. Att': Savannah Sarah Jones S 
Savannah Nov' 

Paul Trapier Jun' : Plant : Geo Town Elizabeth Foissin S 
C Town Nov'. 

James Wakefield Merch* : C Town Sarah Cannon S C Town 
Nov'. 26 

William Gamer Planter S* Pauls Sarah Murray S. S* 
Bart: Dec'. 

Audeon S* John Planter Mary Law W S' Bart Oct' 31. 

W". Oswald, Planter S* Bart Tamer Perkins S S* Bart 
Nov' 12. 

Bamet Talor Mary Lennox S Dec': 

John Brown Jn* Island Elis Graves Ja' Island Feb' 7** 

Cor. Cha' Christopher Rowe Orangb*. — Chevilette W. 
Orangeb* July 

Francis Bayle Frances Minott S Sept': 

Charles Imrie Elis: Russell W. Sept' 

Edw* Grermane Sara Cahusac S Nov' 

Jn' Miott Frances Harden S Nov' 



W". Wilson, Mlerchant C Town Mary Hervey Sp: C 

Town Jan'' : 
W" Hort. Factor C Town Alice Gibbes S C Church Jan' : 
Peter Fayssoux. M. D. C Town Sarah Wilson S 

C Town Jan' : 29 
John Screven. Planter Ja'. Island Patience Holmes S 

Johns Isl. Feb: 
Andrew Johnston. Planter P. George Sarah McKewn S 

S* Pauls Feb. 25 
Ja'. BaJlentine. Merch*. C Town Sarah Buchannan S 

Mar: 6 
Edward Gunter. Apothec : C Town Martha Mellichamp S 

S* And''. March 29 
•Blake Leay White, Carp'. C Town Elisabeth Bourquin S 

Apr': 7 
John Smith Merchant C Town Susan- Richardson S 

C Town Apr* : 
Joseph Hunt Planter S' Bart: Mary Gray S. S' Bart: 

Tho*. Lynch Jun' Planter Santee Elizabeth Shubrick S 

C Town May 14** 
W". Price Merchant C Town Ann NicoUs Widow C Town 

May 13. "T says 23* 
Jn' Woodberry Mcrch* C Town Sarah Anderson S. 

May 14 
Joseph Slann Planter Slanns Isl* : Jane Baron S S* Pauls 

James Brisbane Planter C Town. Sarah Stanyarne S 

Johns Isl May 24'** 
Stephen Bull Esq': Planter Sheldon Ann Middleton W 

Beaufort May 24 
Alex' Moultrie C Town Charlotte Lennox S C Town 

May 2j 
Tho'. Horry Planter Santee Ann Branford S C Town 

June 13'' 

"Refers to Peter Timothy's paper, The South Carolina Cassette. 


Capt*. Jn' Somers Planter S* Pauls Martha Roper S 

C Town June 22* 
James Stanyame Planter S* Pauls Susannah Scott S 

S' Andrew June 25** 
Jn* Simson Esq' Planter Georgia Ann M*Kensie S Savan- 
na July 
Charles Smith S' Bart : Mary Blinco S* Bart : July 2*. 
Benj": Cattel Planter S* Andrews Mary McCall S. 

Philadelphia July : 
W" Hull Planter Euhany Sarah Field W Chehaw Aug* 
Ja' Strickland Innskeeper C Town Elisabeth Henning- 

ton S C Town Aug 30 
Richard Shubrick Planter St Pauls Susannah Bulline S 

Goosecreek Octo': i. 
W" Bower Watchmaker C Town Catherine Lind W 

C Town Oct' : 
Philip Tiddyman Silv : Smith C Town Esther Rose S. 

C Town Oct'. 13 
Richard Proctor Planter S* Helena Ann Vinson S 

S' Barth Oct': 
Rob* Miles Planter Stono Elizabeth Smith S Stono 

Dan' Huger Planter C Town Sabina Elliott S — C Town 

Hobson Pinckney C Town Elizabeth Quash S S* Tho' 

Nov' 22^ 
Alex'. Chovin Factor C Town Mary Tart S S* Tho*. 

Benj : Huger Esq' Planter C Town Mary Kinlock S 

C Town Dec' i'*: 
Josiah Perry Esq' Planter S* Pauls Sarah Lowndes W 

S* Bart Dec' \f^ 
Cha' Matthews Corslett. Ass*. Judge Ann Grimke S C Town 

Dec' 17 
John Dart Esq' Attorney C Town Henrietta Somers S 

C Town Dec' 20 
D' Alex'. Baron C Town Sarah Qeiland S C Town 

Dec' 31. 



Robert Hurst Groosecreek Jane Egajn Bl. river Sept' 

W"Bumside Mary Carter S Oct' 

John Ruberry Elis Wilkins S Nov' 

Stewart Nicolas Elis Fredirick S Nov' 

D' John Wells Jn' Isl' Mary Winbum Jn* Isl* Dec' 

Leonard Askew Sarah Ellis S Dec' 

Sam* Stent Rachel Rivers S Dec' 

Sam* MXorkel Grizel Keir [ ?] S Ja' Isl' July 

{lich* Gough E Barnwell S 1772 

Capt Benj Darrel Kesiah Boone W Jan' 

Robert Mackay Augusta — Qiilcotte W Rh* Island 

Sam* Maverick C Town Lidia Turpin S C T Jan'' 
Joseph Turpin C Town Hannah Caskin S C T May 
Geo M'Intosh Georgia Ann Houston S Georgia May 
Tho' Ashby S' Stephens Ann Peyre S S* Stevens May 


Peter Stevenson Planter C Town Mary Jones Snelling S. 

CTown Jan^ f 
Tho' Grafton Karwon, Merch* 25 Mary Marion 65 S* 

Thomas Jan': 16" 
Alex'. M'^Kensie, Patroon Sarah Whitle W Jacksonburg 

Feb: 9"* 
Tho' Bee Esq'. Planter & Attorney C. Town. Sarah 

M^Kensie W. C. Town March 16**" 
Hon*'" : Rawlins Lowndes. Planter C Town Sarah Jones 

S C Town Feb: 25'*^ 
Rob* Ladson Esq' Planter & Attorney C Town Sarah 

Fleming S C Town March 18*"* 
Joseph Hamilton 68 Edisto Elis: Dunmire 61 Edisto 

James Smdth, Merchant C Town Ann Thomas S. S* Tho'. 

March 18 
Tho', Eveleigh. Merchant C Town Ann Simmons S. 

C Town March 23 

"A few da^s ago Mr. Thomas Crafton Karwon, of Pedee, merchant, 
aged twenty-five years, was married to Mrs. Mary Marion, relict of the 
late Mr. James Marion, of St. Thomas's parish, aged sixty-five years. — 
5. C. Gazette, Jan. 21, 1773. 


W Johnson. Ranter Lohgbay Ann Smith S. S* Pauls 

March 20*** 
Doct' : Thomas Elder Charlotte Hartley S. S* Tho'. April 
Benj': Smith Planter Goosecreek Gather: Ball S. S* 

Johns April 
Tho' Heyward Esq' : Plant : & Atf^ C Town Elisa : Mat- 
hews S C Town April 20*^ 
Alex' Inglis Merchant Georgia Mary Deas S. C Town 

April 27*" 
James Cusack Customhouse Beaufort. Ann Brown S 

Goosecreek April 29** 
W" Hazard Wigg Planter. S' Helena Esther Hutson S. 

S* Barth: May 11*' 
James Jamieson Merchant C Town Rebecca Simons S 

C Town May 25 
Rich'Estis" Mary Hickey S' Bart May 22* 
Charles Dalton Planter S* Bart: Mary Packer [or 

Paricer?] June 13 
And'' Hewatt Wine merchant C Town Cath : Elliott" W. 

C Town June 19. 
George Swadler Planter S* Barth Mary Balfour W C 

Town June 
Oliver Cromwell Taylor C Town Elisa: Warham S. 

C Town July 15*^ 
Alex' Hogg C Town Eunace Brisbane W. C Town 

July 18 
W Harvey, Waggoner S* Bart: Mary Whcatly W 

Jacksonburg July 19 

"Married.] Captain Richard Estes, to Mrs. Mary Hickey. — S, C 
Gazette and Country Journal, Tuesday, June 1, 1773. 

"She was Catherine Brisbane, daughter of William Brisbane, and 
became the second wife of Joseph Elliott, March 24, 1763. [Marriage 
Notices ... by A. S. Salley, Jr.] This is the Joseph Elliott, (Son 
of Joseph No. 5), mentioned on page 62 of the January issue of this 
magazine. He died May 2, 1767, "at his plantation on the river May". 
[S. C. & American General Gazette, May 8, 1767.] He had issufe by his 
first wife Sarah — (who died in Sept., 1762) Gilbert, born 1756, buried 
Oct. 22. 1760, Edith, born Jan. 6, 1759; Sarah, born Dec. 11, 1760; 
Gilbert, born Jan. 27, 1762; By his second wife Catherine Brisbane, 
he had James, born Feb. 12, 1764. His three eldest children. Edith, 
Sarah, and Gilbert, were christened Jan. 12, 1772, as the children "of 
Joseph Elliott and Sarah his wife deceased." Catherine, wife of Joseph 
Elliott, was christened May 23, 1765. [Data from St. Andrew's 


John Harmon, Baker Jacksonb :' Martha Peter W Ditto 

July 22* 
Rev* Edward Jenkins S' Barth Susan : Reid W S* Barth 

July 31" 

Doct' : Sam' Greville C Town Mary Pendarvis S S' Pauls 

Jn* Kenward S* Augustine Mary Eli: Welchuysen S 

CTown Aug-': 17 
John August Mary Cook S Camden August lo**" 
Jehu Wilson Planter S* Pauls Ann Stevens W S* Barth : 

Sept' : 
David Gaillard, Planter Joanna Dubois Sept' : 
Richard Chitteh. Qerk Jacksonb* Elis: Saunders S S* 

Barth Sept' 23* 
C C Pinckney Esq': Plan: & Att'. C Town Sarah Mid- 

dleton S C Town Sept' : 28 
Jn*. Lewis Gervais, Merchant C Town Mary Sinclair S 

C Town Oct': 7 
W" Milligan. Merchant C Town Rebecca StoU S C 

Town Oct': 5 
John Wilson: Merchant C Town Mary Bonneau S. C 

Town Oct': 12 
Tho' : Powell, Printer C Town Mary Brown S. C Town 

Nov' 3 
Thomas Farr C Town Eliz : Warii^ S C Town Nov' 18 
John Edwards, Merchant Beaufort Mary Barksdale S 

Spring Isld. Nov'. 
W" Ladson Planter S* Pauls Jane Freer S Johns Isl*. 

Joseph Stanyame Plant. S* Pauls Mary Hartley W. S* 

Pauls Dec' 9 
Williamson Butler. Overseer. S* Bart: Ann Monro S* 

Barth Dec' 24 
Jn* Edwards Esq' Merchant C Town Rebecca Holmes W 

C Town Dec' : 30 
D' Mathew Kennedy Jacksonb* : Ann Glass S. S' Pauls 

Apr". 8*' 
Thomas Hutson Esther Maine Oct' : 21 
Sam' Johnson Mary Ficklin S Jan'' 


John Brockington Mary Fowler S May 
D' Tho" Elder S' Tho" Char. Hartlejr S S' Thos May i 
[Above line erased in original.] 

James Darby Shipyard Marg* Elliott S S* Philip May 4 
James Bentham C Town Eleanor Philips W. Jamaica 

May 5 
James Coachman Peedee Ann Johnson W. C Town 

May 6 
George Mullins S* Pauls Sarah Cattell S. June 
Rev"* Jas Stuart Prince Geo Ann Waties W Sept' 
Lewis Lestargette C Town Elis: Burnham Elliott S 

S' Philips Sept'. 
John Cross C Town Strother S C Town Dec' 


John Berwick C Town Ann Ash W S' Pauls Jan'' 2 
Mathurin Guerin S' And'' Mary Peacock S C Town 

[Jan] 7 
Rob' W" Powell C Town Alice Hopton S C Town 

[Jan.] II 
Alex' M'^Queen C Town Elis: Fuller S S' And [Jan.] 14 
W" Somersall C Town Sarah Crostwaite W. P W"' 
Jn* Miles S' Bart Kesiah Perry W S* Bart [Jan.] 17 
Ja' Green Williams Elis : Tomlinson W Jn** Isl* [Jan.] 25 
John Prioleau P. W"". Jane Broadbelt S P W"' 
James Neilson C Town Hester Singletary S [Jan.] 30 
Cap. Arthur Clarke Diligence Packet Cath: Inglis S. 

C Town Feb: 3 
James Ohear C Town Ann Gordon S C Town [Feb.] 10 
Jn" Allen Walter Ash : River Jane Oliphant S C Town 
Rev^ Rob* Smith S* Philips Sarah Shubrick S C Town 

[Feb.] 17 
D' Cha' Drayton C Town Esther Middleton S C Town 

[Feb.] 24 
Nathan Legare C Church Elis: Daniel S C Town 
Donald Bruce Orangeb' Marg* Lockhart S Oranb' Feb : 
Edward Ruitledge C Town Harriet Middleton S C Town 

March i 


Daniel Singelton S* Barth : Ann Bowler S S* Bart 

[Mar.] 7 
Peter Cooper D**— Mary Stevens W D" [Mar.] lo 
Edmond Cossens Amelia Rachel Jones S S* Bart 
Frederick Burks S' Bart: Ann Taun [?] S' Bar' 

[Mar.] 13 
Philip Hext S' Bart Susan. Webster W. S' Bart 
Jacob Millagan C Town Marg' Bennet S March 
Rev* Oliver Hart C Town Ann Grimball W C Town 

April 5 
Jn' Remington Jun' C Town Sarah Donavan S C Town 

[Apr.] 6 
Nicholas Lechmere CoV, Beaufort Cath Deveaux S Beau- 
fort [Apr.] 10 
John Hall C Town Mary Ann Dodd C Town [Apr.] lo 
John Creighton Q' House Mary Murray S [Apr.] 13 
Edward Stacey S' Bart : Hester Little S. S* Bart April 24 
Francis Smith S' Bart Sarah Hull [April] 28 
Benj" Reynolds Sarah Smelie W Ap' : 
Gideon Tilghman S* Bart Mary Pounds May 4 
Nicolas Eveleigh C Town Mary Shubrick S C Town 

[May] 5 
Rich* : Bohun Baker S* Andrew Elisi: Miles W S* Bart 
James Rantowle C Town Elisabeth Ives S 
Rev* James Henderson Edisto: Hannah Sands W 

C Town 
Keating Simons C Town Sarah Lewis S Goosecreek 

June 9 
Charles Ramadge C Town Frances Swallow W C Town 

[June] 28 
D' Tho': Tudor Tucker C Town Esther Evans S S* 

George [June] 30 
James Donnom S* Bart : Jane Pepper W S* Luke 
Richard Lushington C Town Charity Ball W. C Town 

July 9 
Benj' Coachman S* George Rebecca Singellton S S* 

W Hannahan Edisto Mary Rippon S Edisto 


Tho' Ferguson S* Pauls Elis: Rutledge W C Town 

Aug' 4 
Joseph Scott Aet i8 Edisto Catherine Adams Aet 12 

John Boomer C Town Elisabeth Qeator W. C Town 

[Aug.] II 
James Stevenson Elis: Ecdes W. S* George [Aug.] 14 
John Dutarque C Town Lidia Gaillard S S' Stevens 

[Aug.] 24 
D' Nathan*: Brownson Georgia Elis: Martin W. S* 

Jeremiah Boower C Town Christina Miller S Sep 6 
Jn" Wilson Aet : 2o>^ Edisto Mary Rake W. Aet 79^^ 

Edisto [Sept.] 7 
Josiah Bonneau C Town Susan. Eberson S S' Bart 

[Sept.] 20 
Nathan*. Hall Georgia Mary Gibbons 
Patrick Murray — Oats S C Town 
Joseph Atkinson C Town Mary Burrows S. C Town 

Oct' 13 
Thomas Rose S* Andrew Mary Blake S C Town 
John Imrie Marg' Esmand W Oct' 2 
William Easton Susannah Knowlin S. G Town 
Job Palmer C Town Sarah Morgan S [Oct.] 23 
Thomas Middleton Crowfield Mary Gibbes S. Jn* Island 

Capt" Jn' Sommers S' Pauls Martha Perry S. S* Pauls 
Hawkins Martin S* Pauls — Vanderhorst S. C C P. 

[Nov.] 21 
Tho' Broughton S* Johns Elis: Lesesne Dan' Is*: 
Charles Cogdell Jane Wilkie W 

David Rhind C Town Elis : Cleiland S. C Town Dec' 22 
Tho' Karwon Cath: Bonneau S 
William Webb S* Bart Marg' Doyley S. C Town 



William Elliott" Beauft: Mary Cuthbert W. Georgia 

Rich" Howley C Town Sarah Fuller W S' And" 
Paul Mazyck C Town — Hamon S Ireland 
D' David Ramsey CTown Sabina Ellis S CTown Feb 19 
Jn" Purvis 96 Ann Pritchard Orangb: 
Jacob Ton C C P. Mary As [h] by. S* Tho' 
George Heriott G Town Sarah Tucker S C Town 
William AUston Jun P George Rachel Moore S 
Daniel Hall C Town Susannah Mathewes S. Jn* Isl*. 

[Feb.] 21. 
Andrew Cummings Mary Baker S 
Capt : Isaac Burton Ann Remington S C Town 
George Jn* Fardo C Town Elis: Godfrey S S' Bart: 
Ja'. Hamden Thomson C Town Elis. Mary Trezevant S. 

C Town 
Rev* James Latta Jn* Island Sarah Wilson S. March 
John Lintot Mary Runnel S 
John Bradwell Elis: Lloyd S [Mar.] 30 
Rowland Rugely C Town Hamilton Dawson S. [Mar.] 

16 or 18. 
Plowden Weston C Town. Mary Ann Mazyck S. C Town 

John Drayton Ash: River Rebecca Perry S S* Pauls 
Daniel Holmes Elisab: Freer S Jn* Island 
Rob* Moncreef C Town Mary Dewar S C Town Apr* 2 

"Married] William Elliott, Esq; of Beaufort, to Mrs. Mary Cuth- 
bert, widow of James Cuthbert, Esq; late of Georgia. — South Carolina 
and American General Gasette, January 6, 1775. 

Mrs. Cuthbert was Mary Hazzard, da'ufghter of Col. William Haz- 
zard and his* wife Elizabeth. She married first, Feb. 22, 1738, Edward 
Wigg, he died in 1755. She married second, Feb. 24, 1758, James 
Cuthbert, and had issue by both these marriages. [Data from St. 
Helena's Register.] This was William Elliott's third marriage also; 
his earlier marriages with Sarah Mullryne and Mary Barnwell are 
given on page 62 of the Jan. number of this magazine. For the 
ancestry of Mary Barnwell, see this magazine, V. 2., p. 52. Wm. Elliott 
left issue by his second wife, Mary Barnwell ; I. William, Jr., h. Tuly 
9, 1761; married 22 May, 1787, Phoebe Waight, daughter of William 
Waight and Phoebe Jenkins. II. Ralph Emms Elliott, b. Feb. 7, 1764; 
married Susannah Parsons Savage. III. Stephen Elliott, b. Nov. 11, 
1771 ; married Esther Wylly Habersham. [Dates from St. Hel. R.] 


Hext Prioleau C Town Marg* Williams S C Town 9 
John Bush C Town Mary Miles W S* Andrew 20 
Benj'Webb S' Bart: Ann Doyley S C Town Mar: 14 
W" Burt C Town Ann Jones S 
Edward Legge Ash: Ferry — Waldren W. S' George 

[Apr.] 30 
Paul Porcher Jun' S* Peter Jane Jackson S. S* Bart: 

May 6^" 
Sam Eaton Providence Jenkins W 

Hamilton Stevenson J Murray S 

John Cordes S* Johns Judith Banbury S C Town 

D' W" Qarkson Ann Hutchinson 

Jacob Tobias C Town Rachel Dacosta S C Town 

James Bentham C Town Mary Hardy S 

David Burger C Town Cath: Qeator S 

John Frierson Walne Davis S 

John Raven Mathewes C Town Elis : Holmes S C Town 

John Glaze Dorchester Marg' McNeil W. Dorchester 
Rev* Moses Allen C C Par Elis : Odinsell Georgia July. 
Sam* Jaudon Elis : Atkinson S 
Cor Pearce Pawley G Town Constant Michau W 
Rob* Sutton Marg* Guerry S S* Tho'. 
Charles Shepheard S* Bart Elisabeth Gibbes S C Town 

Aug* 27 
Thomas Ellis C Town Ann Glaze S. C Town 
Benj Smith Goosecreek Sarah Smith S C Town 
Capt: Tho' Tucker C Town Mary Flin W G. Town 
Philotheos Chiffelle C Town Rebecca Hutchenson S* 

Bart Sept 17 
Jervis Henry Stevens C Town Elisabeth Davis S. Dec' 
D' James Clitherall C Town Elisabeth Smith W. C Town 

(To be continued in the next number of this Magazine.) 


By M. Alston Read. 

Sir John Yeamans, baronet, born 1610? — died 1674, 
Landgrave and Governor of Carolina. 

Arms: Sable, a chevron between three cronels of spears 
argent. Crest : A dexter arm holding a spear proper.* 

The will of Sir John Yeamans, now printed in full for 
the first time as far as I am aware, gives valuable material 
for his family history, which has not been used even in the 
most recent published accounts of himself or family. On 
the other hand, the results of recent work on Yeamans- has 
appeared in print too late to be incorporated in the latest 
history of South Carolina — that of General McCrady. It 
therefore seemed advisable to bring the whole of this 
material together in this magazine, particularly as the 
printed material referred to is not readily accessible.* 

All the historians of South Carolina, as well as Oliver 
in his recent History of Antigua,' where he gives an exten- 
sive pedigree of Yeamans, follow the account of John 
Burke in his Extinct Baronetcies,* who makes Sir John 
Yeamans, and his brother. Sir Robert Yeamans (who was 
also a baronet), sons of Robert Yeamans, royalist Alder- 
man of Bristol, who, for trying to deliver up the city to 
Prince Rupert for the King, was hanged in 1643, by order 

^Burke, "Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies^* ; ^Iso" General Armory " 

*For the public career of Sir John Yeamans^ and the offices held 
bv him, see \— Collections of the South Carolina Historical Society, 
Volumes I, II, III, which contain abstracts of State Papers in the 
Public Record Office, London, which relate to South Carolina; 
Ibid, Vol. V, Shaftsbury Papers, edited by Langdon Cheves, Esq; 
Calendar of State Papers, Colonial Series, American and West Indies, 
London, (for the period desired); Colonial Records of North Caro- 
lina, Volumes I and II ; as well as the various Histories of South 
Carolina, particularly that of Gen. McCrady. 

^History of Antigua, by Vere L. Oliver, three volumes — 

Vol. Ill, p. 268. 

*Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies of England, Ireland and Scot-^ 
land. By John Burke, 2"* Edition, 1844— See "Yeamans of Bristol." 


of Nathaniel Fiennes, Governor of Bristol for the Parlia- 
ment. Burke goes on to say of Sir John Yeamans, the 
subject of this account, that "in consideration of the loyalty 
and death of his father [he] was created a Baronet in 
1664-5, ^"d settled in Barbadoes." The English scholars, 
however, who have prepared the accounts of Sir John Yea- 
mans, "baronet, and colonial governor," and of Robert 
Yeamans, "royalist," for the Dictionary of National Bio- 
graphy [British], say that "both these affiliations are ficti- 
tious." Mr. A. F. Pollard in his article on Robert Yeamans 
or Yeomans (d. 1643), royalist,* says that he "came of a 
numerous Bristol family," was a "well-known merchant 
and alderman of Bristol, and in 1641-2 served as sheriff." 
"He is said in the royalist accounts to have left by his wife, 
a kinswoman also named Yeamans, eight very young child- 
ren, and a ninth was born posthumously. The eldest son 
is said to have been Sir John Yeamans (q. v.), and the 
second Sir Robert Yeamans, who, like his brother, was 
created a baronet on 31 Dec., 1666, and died without issue, 
being buried in St. Mary Redcliffe, Bristol, on 7 Feb., 
1686-7. But both affiliations are fictitious; Sir John was 
bom not later than 161 1, and Sir Robert was baptized on 
19 April, 1 61 7, and both were apparently sons of John 
Yeamans, brewer, of Redcliffe, whose will is dated 1645. 
Many other members of the family are mentioned as taking 
prominent part in local affairs at Bristol and at Barbados. 
(Cat. State Paf'crs, Dom. ami America and West Indies, 
1660 sqq. passim.) The only child of the ro\-alist, whose 
relationship to him is established, is his daughter Anne, who 
married Thomas Curtis, the quaker of Reading, and inter- 
ceded for George Fox's release in 1660 (ib. Dom., i6(X)-i, 
p. 455 : Fox, Journal, iSqi, i. 479). Other members of the 
Yeamans family were quakers, and one of them married 
Isabel, daughter of Margaret Fell, and step-daughter of 
Fox (ib. jxissini: Smith. Cat. Friends* Fooks, p. o68>.* 

^e^ Vol. LXIII U*W> : under }\\imjns. 

*Reierc:xH*s gi\en bv PcIlarJ — "T"':.- > r: .-•'.:.V Eramip.jtictu and 

Ccft'cssi^'is LondoT^. 1^43 4* : 7.V Tu\^ Stjte ^!Jr:^■rs, 

Londv^n. 1M3. V* : Add:t. NU. (Brit. Musei:-- 24\2\. tf. 3vi. 568: 
Rr>h\\.-:h> C-'ecivr. III. ii. 15J-154: List> , f Sheriffs. 1J5(^: CjL 
Stu:^^ F^rcrs. P.m. 1D40-3, p. -kO: C.jwkJchs Rcbtl.ion, cd. Macray, 


Mr. J. A. Doyle gives the following personal items in 
regard to Sir John Yeamans, in his article for the Dictionary 
of National Biography: — "Eldest son of John Yeamans 
(d. 1645), brewer, of Bristol, was bom at Bristol and 
baptized at St. Mary Redcliffe on 28 Feb., 161 1. He at- 
tained the rank of colonel in the royalist army, and about 
1650 migrated to the Barbados. In July, 1660, he was c«i 
the council of that colony. In 1663 a number of planters in 
Barbados made arrangements with the proprietors of Caro- 
lina for establishing a colony at Cape Fear. The proprie- 
tors, by the exercise of their influence at Court, secured a 
baronetcy for Yeamans, conferred on him 12 Jan., 1664-5, 
and on II Jan., 1665, they appointed him governor of their 
colony ------ When in 1667 Locke drew up for 

Carolina a fantastic paper constitution entitled the 'funda- 
mental constitution,' - - - Yeamans was created a land- 
grave*. - - - In April, 1674, the proprietors superceded 
Yeamans, - - - and in the same year he returned to 
Barbados, where he died in August. Sir John's considerable 
wealth in Barbados passed to his son. Major Sir William 
Yeamans, second baronet, and great-grandfather of Sir 
John Yeamans, of Barbados, whose son, Sir Robert (d. 19 
Feb., 1788), was the last baronet."* 

In corroboration of the authors quoted from the Diction- 

Vii, 53; Gardiner's Civil War: i, 99; Hist. Mss. Comm., 5*"' Rep. App., 

f. 323 ; Commons' Journal, iii, 97 ; Duke of Portland's Mss., i. 47, 107, 
14, 118; Warburton's Prince Rupert, ii, 140-1; Leyer's Memoirs of 
Bristol, i, 408; Washbo'iirne's BihL Glouc, Vol. ii, pp. xl, clii; Hunts' 
Bristol, pp. 146-9; Burke's Extinct Baronetcies; Gloucestershire Notes 
and Queries, ii, 94-5, V. 307-8, 431." 

'Vol. LXIII (1900), under Yeamans. 

•An error in date — McCrady gives it correctly — 1671. (See List 
of Landgraves, p. 717 of So. Ca., under Prop. Govt. Also Calendar of 
State Papers, Lolonial Series, America and West Indies, 1669-1674, p. 
190. 1671, April 5. "Draft patent for a Landgrave of Carolina to Sir 
John Yeamans." [Shaftsbury Papers, Section IX. Bundle 48, No. 78]." 
See also, Coll. S. Ca. Hist. Soc, Vol. V, Shaftsbury Papers, p. 314—- 

•Doyle's references — "Burke's Extinct Baronetcies; Gloucestershire 
Notes and Queries, 1884, ii. 95, and 1894, v, 307, 431 ; Colonial State 
Papers, Ed. Sainsbury; Carroll's Historical Collection of South Caro- 
lina; McCrady's Hist, of South Carolina under the Proprietary Govern- 
ment, 1897, pp. 8, 69, 75. 79, 81, 82, 122, 131, 139. 141. 150, 154-8, 160-5. 
171, 345 ; Brown's Sketch of the Hist, of South Carolina ; Hewat's Hist, 
of South Carolina, 1779; Winsor's Hist, of America; Appleton's Clydop, 
of American Biography." 


ary of National Biography, it is worth adding that the 
statement that Sir Jc4in Yeamans was one of several "very 
young children'* in 1643, ^s shown to be absurd by the fact 
that his son, William Yeamans, was a Major of militia in 
1664, and if only 21 years of age at that date, he, William 
Yeamans, would himself have been born in 1643." Again, 
Burke's statement as to the reason for Sir John Yeamans 
being created a baronet is shown to be wrong by the fol- 
lowing abstract of a letter: "1665, Jan., 11., Cockpit. The 
Lords Proprietors of Carolina to Sir John Yeamans. Having 
received a good character of his abilities and loyalty from 
Sir John Colleton with an assurance that he will vigorously 
attempt the settling of a Colony to the southward of Cape 
Romania, they have prevailed with His Majesty to confer 
tfie honor of a Knight baronet upon him and his heirs, and 
by tlieir commission which goes with his son they have 
endeavoured to comprehend all interests," etc." 

Sir John Colleton was himself one of the Lords Pro- 
prietors of Carolina; he died in 1666, and was succeeded 
by his son, Sir Peter." The family was related to Gen- 
eral George Monk, Duke of Albermarle, also one of the 
Lords Proprietors, as is shown by the following letter to 
the Governor of Barbadoes: "1663, Aug. 31, Duke of 
Albermarle to Lord Willoughby, - - - Has written to 
his own cousins Modyford and Peter Colleton to promote 
the Carolina plantation,"" The influence of this connection 
was amply sufficient to secure a baronetcy for Yeamans. 

Oliver" give nothing of value as to the ancestry of Sir 
John Yeamans, merely repeating the old statement that he 
was the son of Robert and Anne Yeamans, and even gives 
erroneous dates in connection with Sir John himself, as he 

"See articles of agreement between the Lords Proprietors of Caro- 
lina of the one part "and Maio"" W" Yeamans of Barbadoes for an 
on the behalfc of S' Jn* Yeamans Barr* his father," and others of 
Barbadoes— 7 Jan.. 1664, pp. 29-33, Collections of the So. Ca. Hist. 
Soc, Vol. V, Shaftsbury Papers. 

^Calendar of State Papers, Colonial Series, America and West 
Indies, 1661-1668, p. 269. 

"See McCrady, So, Ca. under Prop. Govt., p. 715; and this maga- 
zine, Volume I, "The Colleton Family in South Carolina." 

"Ca/. State Papers, Colonial series, American and West India, 
1661-1668, p 157. 

"^History of Antigua, Vol. Ill, p. 268. 


States that he was Governor of Carolina tintil 1680, and was 
dead by 1686! 

Doyle has given us nothing in regard to the marriages 
and issue of Sir John Yeamans in his critical article for 
the Dictionary of National Biography, merely naming his 
son and heir, Sir Willianu Yeamans, the second baronet. 
Burke, however, says — "he married first a daughter of Mr. 
Limp, by whom he had a son, i William, his heir; and 
secondly, Margaret, daughter of the Rev. John Foster," 
and had issue by her. This is corroborated, or perhaps 
simply repeated, by Oliver in his History of Antigua,** who 

gives, married first "a daughter of Limp," by 

whom his son and heir. Sir William Yeamans, who mar- 
ried "Willoughby, daughter of Sir James Browne, Knt., 
she was of St. Lucy's and St. Peter's Parishes, 1676-80." 
By her Sir William had a son and heir. Sir John Yeamans, 
third baronet, wha married "Margaret, dau. of Philip Gibbes, 
of Barbadoes, Esq.; aet. 45 and of St. Peter's, 171 5; 
reman William Foster, Esq.," etc., etc. Sir John Yeamans 
the first baronet, married secondly, "Margaret, dau. of Rev. 
John Forster of Barbados," by whom he had — "Robert 
Yeamans of Barbados, heir to his uncle, Sir Robert Yea- 
mans 1686," married "Elizabeth, dau. of Elisha Mellows, 
Esq." issue. 

How incomplete these two accounts are, the will itself 
will show. Oliver gives quite an extensive pedigree of 
some of the later generations, but seems to have done no 
original work among the public records of Barbadoes 
for his earlier generations. 

The following record of the will of Sir John Yeamans 
appears on pages 2-7 of Registrars Records, book for the 
years 1675- 1696— (Office of Historical Commission, Colum- 
bia, S. C). 

"Decemb' ye i^""" 1675 

"A trew Coppye of y* Last will & testament of S' John 
Yeamans Kn*: & Barron': Late of Carolina deceased: 
proved and approved of by S' W" : Yeamans Barr* : Sone 

"Vol. Ill, p. 268. 


& hey': to ye saide dceased & sole Execut' in ye s* will 
Nominated (by ye name of W": Yeamans Esq') as by 
the attestacon of S' Jona*** Attkins Gov'nor of Barbadoes 
where unto he have set his hand & caused his Majt*": 
great seale apoynted for s* Barbad: & oth' y* Caribbe 
Islandes to be afixed : together w**" s* S' : W" : Yeamans his 
Letter of Attorney to Coll Joseph West & Lt : Coll John 
Godfree or eith" of them attested w": his hand & Scale, 
brought before proved & approved of by Coll Joseph West 
Gov'no' : of this north pte of ye Province of Carol y* 14*** 
of Sep : 1675. 

"In the name of God Amen 

I S' John Yeamans Barron*: being ready to Imbarque 
my selfe to y' Province of Carol, & well consid'ing y* 
Incertanty of humane Condicon by Extraordinary hazards 
y' accompany such und'takings doe therefore for y' settling 
my worldly concemm*' : declare this my last will & Testam* 
in manner following, hereby revoakeing all form' will what- 

first I will that all ye depts I duely owe bee poide Justly 
& w*** : all diligence & paid by my execut' here aft' : named 
Item in y* first place as is my afection I give & bequeath 
unto my deare wife y* Lady Margeret Yeamans in full 
recompense of hir Dower Thirty thousand pounds of 
Muscavados sugar anually from y* day* of my death dure- 
ing hir natural Life & also dureing that terme aforesaide I 
give & bequeath to hir y' entire use of y* house where in 
I now dwell, together w*" : all ye Landes belonging thereunto 
Cont: about forty five acres, bounding upon y* Lands of 
Hen: Mills Esq':, Thomas Merricke Esq': & the Landes 
that L* : Coll Berrenger dyed seized : togeth' allso w**" : all 
ye houses & Edifices thereon beeing Provided allways that 
my s* deare wife shall make habitacon thereon, & not lease 

it out & to bee the place hir abode whensoev' she 

please, soe that she continue — [corner of page worn off] 
Item I doe bequeath allsoe dureing my deare wifes life 
natural life [sic] theise negroes following (vide) old 
Hannah & hir children Jupeter litle Tony & Joane allso I 
give and bequeath unto hir y* eight milch cowes w***: have 


ben accostomed to be milked about y' house & all the hogs 
turkeys, Ducks & fowles, that I have att psent in aney pte 
of my possessions and my will is that the pticular of Stock 
in this last clause expressed shall bee in hir absolute power 
& disposall from the date of these presents, and allsoe all 
y* furniture of my saide dwelling house & household stufe 
whatsoev"^: All my Plate Jewells, Rings, money, linen 
beding & all Utensills in my saide dwelling house being or 
thereunto belonging, and allsoe my coach & y' fower horses 
& Harnesse & allsoe y* Choyce of aney one of my horses 
fit for rideing for hir owne use to bee & rem remaine [sic] 
to hir & hir hey" forever in recompence of the care & 
education of hir children & in full consideracon of hir 
Dower : Item I give & bequeath unto my said wife all the 
negroes young & old that L* : Coll Berringer dyed possessed 
of & that came to hir afterwards by right of Administ'^con 
& to mee by Intermarriadge w*": hir togeth' allsoe w*": all 
the increase. Item my will is allsoe that ye custody of all 
my Children unmarryed & und' y* age of twenty one yeares 
& till they shall attaine it shall bee in my deare wife: & 
that she educate them in such mann' as shall seeme fit to hir 
Judgemen*, & they prove Capaple of & notw*' : standing y* 
provision I have allready made & ye Charge thereof may be 
lesse felt by my deare wife my will is that Execut' hereafter 
named provide att his owne charge one decent Suite of 
Apparrell for each of my Children yearly, the same to bee 
delw'd to my sade wife for theire use Item I give & 
bequeath to unto [sic] my Daught': Willoughbye one 
hund'd & twenty thousand pounds of Muscavados Sugar 
to bee paide by my Execut' w**'in ten yeares aft' hir mar- 
riadge or when she Arive to y* age of twenty one yeares, 
w**" : — [rubbed] first hapen. Item I give & bequeath unto 
my Sone Ro — [gone] two hund'* thousand poondes of 
good Muscavadoes sug' to [gone] by my Execut' when 
hee shall arive to. y' age of twenty one yeares Item I give 
& bequeath to my Daughter Anne one hund'* and twenty 
thousand poondes of good Muscavados Sug' to be p*. by 
my Execut' w^'in two yeares aft': hir marriage or when 
she come© to y' age of twenty one yeares w*** of them shall 


first hapen. Item I give & bequeath unto my two sons 
George & Eldward each of y" one hund'* & fivety thousand 
poundes of good Muscavadoes Sug' to be paide to each of 
them when they or each of them shall Arive to y* age of 
twenty one yeares by my Execut' Item I give & bequeath 
to my wives daughter [sic] Margaret forever 17***^ poundes 
of Muscavadoes Sugar w**" : in three yeares to bee paid by my 
cxecut' after hir marriadge or shee attaine to y* age of 
twenty one yeares w*" shall first hapen. Item I give and 
bequeath unto my wives Sone John forty thousand poundes 
of Sug' w**'in three yeares next aft' he shall attaine to ye 
age of twenty one yeares. Item I give unto my daughter 
[sic] Mrs flfrances Hackett now wife of Rob*: Hackett 
Esq' : w*'in fower years after my decease twenty thousand 
poundes of Sug' to buy hir a ring by my executor. Item 
I give to my wives Daught': [sic] M": Ma — [zvom 
away] Maycoke five thousand poundes of Sugar to buy 
hir a ring to bee paide by my Execut'. Item I give to my 
wives son Symon the choice of my horses for his owne use, 
and to be deliv'ed by my Execut'. Item I give to my 
nephew Samuel Woorey twenty thousand poundes of 
Sugar to bee paid by my execut' w"in three yeares after my 
decease in furth' Lieu of his time sp — w'** : mee. Item 
my furth' will is that If my wife dye before my children 
or aney of them arive to theire Age or time of mariadge as 
aforesaid, that then my Execut' doe pay yearely ev'y yeare 
five thousand poundes of Muse' sugar for each of them 
maintenance & education to whomsoeve' my saide wife shall 
Apoynt to have y* Custody of them, or for want of such 
Apoynment to whomesoev' : shall have them in Custody to 
edu — educate [sic] them & maintaine them untill they 
Arive respectively to their Age or dayes of marriadge. Item 
I make my Sone William Esq' [sic] my whole & sole 
Executor for y' payrm*: of my debts & legacyes herein 
menconed & for ye due & punctual pf of all oth' matters 
that to ye duty of an Execut' belonges and doe bequeath 
unto my saide Sone all my Estates real and psonall imdis- 
posed of in this my will w" all reversions and remaind" to 
him & to his hey": for ever upon expresse condicon that 


hee doe punctually pforme all y* bequests and ord" in this 
will expressed And to this my last will & testam' I have 
put my hand & Seale this twentyeth day of Maye in the 
yeare of o' Lord one thousand six hund'^ed seventy one 

Test John Yeamans ( Seal. ) 

Will Browne 

Tho: Bamfield 

Nich'*: Carteret 
Item I doe farth' will that my deare wife have my vessell 
Ketch caled by y* name of the Hopewell now in a voyage 
to Virginia & expected hith' to enjoye for hir and heyres 
for ever. Item I give & bequeath unto my s* deare wife 
two pcells of land containing twenty acres ten acres in 
each the one I bought of Phelps bounding on M" Sandiford, 
& on Thomas Jones the oth' bought of James Mast" and 
Henry Jones bounding on M" Gay, my broth' ffost^ and 
on Rob* : Clifton, to hir & her hey" forever. To this 
Addicon allsoe of my last will annexed to the oth' sheet I 
have hereunto set my hand & Seale this 20*** day of May 

Sealed & deliv'ed theise John Yeamans (Seal.) 

two sheets conteyneing 

my will in ye prsence of 
W" Browne 
Tho: Bedingfield [sic] 
Nich° Carteret. 


"By his Excellency 

"M' W": Browne this day psonally apeared before me 
and made oath on the holy Evangelists that hee did see 
S' Jn° : Yeamans Barron" : Signe Seale & publish this will 
as his last will and testament and that he was att ye 
doeing thereof of sound & disposing memory to the best of 
this Deponents Knowledge given und' my hand y* first day 
of Decemb' 1674 

Jonathan Attkins 
"A trew Coppy attested 
ye 15° days of June 1675 


p Edwyn Steedc Dep'' 


"Barbadoes By his Excellency 

"These are to certifye all whome theise psents shall con- 
cerne that upon the fiveteenth day of June in y' yeare of 
our Lord God one thousand six hund'"* seventy & five, and 
y' seven & twentyeth yeare of ye Reigne of o' Sov'eig^e 
Lord Charles y* Second by y* Grace of God of Engl Scot- 
land flfrance & Ireland King defend' of y* flfaithe &"*: 
psonally apeared before mee John Prysse aged twenty 
five years or thereabouts, Clark to Edwyn Steede Esq' 
Dep*' Secretary of y* aforesaid Island and made oath on ye 
Holy Evangelists, that the annexed pages coppyes of ye 
last will & Testamen'. of S' : John Yeamans Barron* : and 
of y* lett' testamentary thereon both attested und' ye hand 
of y* say* Edwyn Steed, were by him sayde John Prysse ex- 
amined & compared w*" : y* Recordes now remaining in the 
sayde Secretaryes office, & that they are trew coppyes of ye 
sayde Recordes in testamony whereof I have hereunto set 
my hand & caused His Maj**" great Scale appoynted for 
this & oth' ye* Carribbee Islandes to bee to theise p'sents 
afixed the day & yeare above wrighten 

J Atkins 

To all whome theise p'sents shall come or may concerne." 
[Ibid, page 7] 

"By his Excellency"-— Know y*— that i'* Dec. 
1674, before mee the last will & testament of S' John 
Yeamans Bar*, dec'd was proved — & therefore S' W" 
Yeamans Bar\, son & heir to s* dec'd & sole Exec" is 
admitted to take into his custody & admin' all estate of 
s'- dec'd 2"' Dec. 1674. 

Jonathan Atkins 

A copy attested by 
Edwyn Steede Dep. Sec. 
15 Jun« 1675. 

[Ibid, page 8.] I, "S' William Yeamans Barron* : heire 
& sole Execut': of the last will & testam* of S' John 
Yeamans Barron* : deceased", appoint "well beloved friends 


Coll Joseph West & V: Coll John Godfrey" my lawful 
Attorneys in the Province of Carolina — i6 June 1675. 
[witnesses] Will Yeamans 

William Mayers 
Dorcas Smith 

Carolina. By the Governor. 

The aforesaid Wm. Mayers this day made oath 
before me that he saw said S\ W". Yeamans sign etc. the 
above power of Attorney. At Charles Town, S*"" Sept. 
1675. Joseph West. 

The will above given shows us that Sir John Yeamans 
mentions a brother Foster. This accords with the statement 
of Burke and Oliver, before given, that Sir John's last 
wife was born Foster. The will, however, shows even more 
clearly that, at the time of her marriage to Yeamans, she 

was the widow of Lt. Col. Berringer^ of Barbadoes; 

imfortunately the Christian name of her first husband does 
not appear. The only mention of a person of that sur- 
name (in the records now accessible to me) prior to the date 
of the will, is that of "Benj. Beringer," who signs his name 
to the "Declaration of the Representative Body of Bar- 
badoes," Nov. s*^ 1651, as member of the Council for that 
Island." In this document the Council and seventeen mem- 
bers of the Assembly announce their intention to "man- 
fully 'stick' to Lord Willoughby, their Lord Lieut.-General, 
and fight under his command in defense of his government" 
against the Parliamentary forces sent to reduce the Island. 

The wording of the will is too loose and ambiguous for 
us to be positive that the minor children mentioned by Sir 
John, were by this last marriage to Margaret Berringer, 
widow ; they may have been his children by a former wife. 
That his last wife survived him is shown by the following 
grant, recorded on page 11 of the same book in which the 
will is to be found : 

"The Coppy of a grant to y" Lady Margaret Yeamans 
for one thousand and seaventy Acres of Land bareing date 
y* ninth day of Feby 1674/5. 

"John Lord Berkely Pallatine" and the Lords Proprie- 

^Calendar of State Papers, Colonial Series, 1574-1660, pp. 364-5. 


tors of the Province of Carolina, "hereby Grant unto 
Margaret Lady Yeamans, Widdow a Plantacon" of 1070 
acres of land now in possession "of y* s* Lady Margaret 
Yeamans," bounding upon "Yeamans his Creeke in Ittawan 
River," etc., etc., 9**" Fd[>. 1674. Joseph West Gov'. 

The "Margaret Lady Yeamans" of the above grant, mar- 
ried shortly afterwards James Moore, as is proved by the 
public records of the State; he subsequently became Gov- 
ernor of South Carolina. The use of "Lady" as the 
title given to the wife and widow of Sir John Yeamans, 
baronet, is particularly interesting. As the wife of an 
English baronet her correct title was Dame, I believe; 
but Sir John was also a Landgrave of Carolina, and under 
the Proprietary government at least, the use of "Lady" 
to designate a Landgrave's wife was by no means rare. 
The use of the latter title by Sir John Yeamans in his will 
in referring to his wife, and its use in the grant just cited 
was, therefore, not incorrect. The land grant just cited 
brings up another point of interest — '* Yeamans his Creeke.*' 
This is the well known Goose Creek of later days, as a 
deed of Edward Middleton's, dated 26 May, 1680. shows, 
for therein he describes a plantation he is selling as "scituatc 
upon ye south side of Goose Creek, alias Yeamans Creek, 
in this province." The substitution of Goose Creek for 
the older name commemorating the connection of our first 
governor with the colony, can only be regretted, though 
Yeaman® Hall, on Goose Creek, long the residence of de- 
scendants of Landgrave Thomas Smith, has carried the 
name down to the present day. 

As before indicated, it is impossible to assign the known 
children of Sir John Yeamans to their respective mothers 
with any degree of certainty. But if the date of his migra- 
tion to Barbadoes — "about 1650" — is correctly given by 
Doyle, then Sir John must have married his first wife in 
England, and must have had by her at least two children 
who reached maturity; a third child was probably hers, 
and one or more of the rest may also have been by the 
first wife. The following table gives the best approxima- 
tion I am able to make at present : 


By the first wife, Limp, 

I. William Yeamans, his heir, second Baronet; a Major 

in the Barbadoes miltia, 1664-5 (see ante), he was 
therefore at least of age, and probably several years 
older at that date, hence born 1643 or earlier. He 
remained in Barbadoes, rose to the rank of Colo- 
nel, was member of Assembly, etc." He married 
Willoughby, dau. of Sir James Browne, Knt., and 
had issue (Oliver). 

II. Yeamans. I have not been able to recover 

the Christian name of this son, but the following 
notice of him is to be found in the Calendar of State 
Papers, Colonial series:" — "1668, Sep. 15. Bar- 
badoes. Gov. Wm. Lord Willoughby to Sec. Lord 
Arlington — Complains of some - - - - This 
serves only to give account that a son of Sir John 
Colleton's last week killed a son of Sir John Yea- 
mans in a duel: is informed both had their swords 
drawn, but Colleton by flying has incurred more 
guilt than otherwise he might. Presumes it will 
amount to a forfeiture of his estate, and unless his 
crafty father has provided for such accidents, is 
informed this brother has a third part of it, it being 
equally divided among the three brothers. This 
country generally say that estates so gotten ought 
to return to the King; though it his duty to ac- 
quaint his Lordship that Colleton's brother. Sir 
Peter, might by no indirect way surprise his Majesty 
or his Lordship." ''1669, March 2, Whitehall. Peti- 
tion of Sir Gilbert Talbot, Knt., [to the King], for 
the estate of John Colleton, planter in Barbadoes, 
forfeited to his Majesty by killing one Yeamans, a 
planter there, with reference to the Commissioners 
of the Treasury to give order for it to him in such 

"Sec Cal. State Papers, Colonial Series, America and West Indies; 
also Coll. S. C. Hist, Soc, Vol V. 

"Cal, State Papers, Colonial Series, American and West Indies, 
166M668, p. 613. 


manner as they shall find necessary."" Whether 
this son left issue is unknown to me. 

III. Frances Yeamans, married Robert Hackett, Esq. 

This daughter was married at the time her father 
made his will in 1671, if she was only sixteen and 
just married, she must have been bom about 1655 > 
she was quite probably a child of the first wife. 

Possibly by the second wife, — Margaret, widow of 
Lt. Col. Berringer, and, according to Burke and 
Oliver, daughter of the Rev. John Foster of Barba- 
does. These children following were at least under 
age at the makeing of their father's will, and were 
left in the guardianship of his wife, Margaret ; it is, 
however, not positively clear from the will that they 
were her children. 

IV. Robert Yeamans. Said by Oliver to have been a son 

of Sir John by Margaret, and to have been heir to 
his uncle, Sir Robert Yeamans, Bart., who died 
1686-7. Married Elizabeth, dau. of Elisha Mellows, 
Esq., issue. 

V. George Yeamans, 

VI. Edward Yeamans. 

VII. Willoughby Yeamans. [a daughter] 

VIII. Anne Yeamans.* 

Sir John Yeamans may have had other children besides 
those shown in his will, for the absence of a child's name 
from a will does not prove that such a child never existed, 
as it may have been portioned off on reaching maturity, 
and hence have had no further interest in the estate. It 
is, therefore, barely possible that the "Mr. John Yeamans," 
who was in Carolina contemporaneously with Sir John 
Yeamans, was his son. Mr. Langdon Cheves says of him 
in an editorial note to the Shaftesbury Papers: "Came 
from Barbadoes? 1671, was chosen to Parliament 1672, 

"Ibid, Vorume for 1669-1674, p. 10. For an account of "The Col- 
leton Family in South Carolina," see this magazine, Volume I. 

*The succession of the children as given here, is, of course, arbitrary. 


was Surveyor 1673, and of the Cotincil 1674-1675."** That 
he was some near relative, in all probability, is shown by 
the following item from the Journal of the Grand Council 
of South Carolina:" 28 April, 1677, "Mr. John Yeamans 
Attorney for Dame Willoughbie Yeamans Guardian to S'. 
John Yeamans a minor," etc., etc. What became of him, 
and whether or not he left descendants in South Caro- 
lina is not known to me. He may possibly have been the 
son of another member of the family in Barbadoes, whose 
name has some slight connection with the Province of 
Carolina, see — "Articles of Agreement had and made be- 
tweene - - - - the Lords Proprieto" of the Province of 
Carolina of the one part and Maio*^ W" Yeamans Bar- 
badoes for and on the behalfe of S' Jn° Yeamans Barr* 

his father Robert Gibbs Henry Milles Tho : 

Maycoke John Gibbs, Basill Gibbs, John Godfrey 

W" ForsJter Thomas Merricke, John Merricke, 

Rob*. Hacket, John Forster John Forster [again] 

Edward Yeamctns, Niccolas Browne & himselfe 

Adventuro" to and Setlers of some part of ye Province 
aforesaid And of all others y* shall Adventure setle and 
plant in the said Province of the other part as followeth," 
etc." The Edward Yeamans here mentioned was probably 
identical with the Edward Yeamans noticed in the follow- 
ing papers: "1667. Feb. 18. Minutes of the Council of 

Barbadoes. Warrant to Francis Tyrwhitt and Capts. 

Edward Yeamans and James Walker to impress the Gilded 
Lion, brought in prize by one of his Majesty's frigates, for 
service in the Leeward Isles, and with John Reid to make 
inventory of her arms and ammunition, ftc."** Again on 
Jan. 13, 1675, we find noted in the Minutes of the Assembly 
of Barbadoes — "A new Bill for Imposition on liquors, 

''Coll. So. Ca. Hist Soc, Vol. V, Shaftesbury Papers, p. 426, note 1. 
See also, same work, pp. 329, 408-9; 391, 452, 473, 453-4, 456, 463, 469, 

"^Jour. Grand Counc, of S. C, 1671-80, edited by A. S. Salley, Jr., 
for the Hist. Comm. of S. C, 1907, page 81. 

"ColL of the S. C. Hist. Soc, Vol. V, Shaftesbury Papers, pages 
29-30; the whole list is there given, which has been abstracted here 
for names mentioned in connection with Yeamans. 

**Cal. of State Papers, Colon. Ser., American and West Indies, 1661- 
1668, p. 447. 


drawn by the Qerk, as the former Act is near expired. 
That the said Bill be in force for 12 months; that Lt.-Col. 
Wm. Bate be Treasurer and Majors John Hallett and Edw. 
Yeamans, Capt John Johnson, and Francis Bond or Edward 
Hussey, Comptrollers; and that the Bill pass." Possibly 
the Public Records of Barbadoes would show the relation- 
ship existing between these early members of the Yeamans 
family settled there. 

The will of Sir Jc^n Yeaman is further interesting as 
throwing some light on the time of his arrival in Carolina 
in the year 1671. McCrady says:* We do not know ex- 
actly when Sir John Yeamans arrived in Carolina. On the 
15*" of November, 1670, he writes from Barbadoes to the 

Lords Proprietors, He was still there in the early 

part of the year 1671, And Lord Ashley addressed 

him there in April As late as May the Proprietors in- 
structed Captain Halsted if he traded at Barbadoes to 
consult Yeamans there. It appears, however, from a 
letter of Governor West to Lord Ashley that he had arrived 
in the colony, at the latest, early in July, and had expected 
to have been at once recognized as Grovemor by reason of 
his being a Landgrave." Cheves says:" "Sir J. Yeamans 
arrived in Carolina from Barbadoes about i July, 1671." 
The will of Sir John was dated 20*"* May, 1671, and the 
opening clause informs us that "being ready to Imbarque 
myselfe to y* Carol," he makes his will to settle his affairs. 
This still further reduces the limits of the period in which 
his arrival in Carolina must have taken place. 

*So. Ca. under the Proprietary Government, 1670-1719, pages 154, 
^Coll. S. C. Hist Soc, Vol V. Shaftsbury Papers, page 329, note. 




By A. S. Salley, Jr. 
(Continued from the January number.) 

December 16, 1698, Mary Carter, Henry Harris, Love 
Williamson, Simon Valentyn, Edward Loughton and 
Henry Burge executed a bond to Governor Blake for Mrs. 
Carter, Harris and Williamson's faithful administration 
upon the estate of Thomas Carter, late of the Province. 
Witness: Henry Wigington. (Pages 356-357.) 

December 26, 1698, a warrant of appraisement for the 
foregoing estate was directed to Alexander Parris, Simon 
Velentyn, Edward Loughton, Abraham Eve and William 
Popell. (Page 357.) 

March 15, 1698-99, Thomas Mann, Edward Loughton 
and Samuel Ward executed their bond to Governor Blake 
for Mann's faithful administration upon the estate of 
Joseph Rider. Witness: Henry Wigington. (Pages 357- 


The same day a warrant of appraisement for the same 
estate was directed to William Smith, merchant; George 
Logan, Alexander Parris, William Popell and Simon 
Valentyn. (Page 358.) 

Thomas Perriman, John Birde and Soloman Leg^re exe- 
cuted a bond to Governor Blake for Perriman's faithful 
administration of the affairs of the estate of Thomas Valley. 
Witness: Henry Wigington. (Page 359.) 

January 24, 1698-99, Landgrave Joseph Morton, James 
Stanyame and Capt. Edmund Bellinger executed a bond 
to Governor Blake for Landgrave Morton's faithful ad- 
ministration of the affairs of the estate of his brother, 
John, "late of this Province deceased." Witness: Henry 
Wigington. (Page 360.) 


Governor Ludwell issued a warrant for a town lot to 
Robert Seabrook, September 26, 1692; for one to Peter 
le Chevalier, October 19, 1692; for one to James Du Gue, 
Sr., October 20, 1692; for one to James de Bourdeaux, 
October 20, 1692; for one to Jonas Bonhoste, October 20, 
1692; for one to Peter le Chevalier, October 20, 1692; for 
one to James de Bourdeaux, October 19, 1692. (Page 


November 25, 1692, Governor Ludwell directed Stephen 
Bull "to cause to be admeasured & Laid out unto Hannah 
English Widdow" 500 acres in Berkeley County, formerly 
belonging to John Farr, deceased, and "now by ye: sd: 
Hannah English bought and purchased of & from ye : Rt : 
hcmoble: ye: Lords Propts: as by the Receiver Generalls 
receipt dated ye: 25th day of November 1692". (Page 


November 25, 1692, Governor Ludwell directed Stephen 
Bull, surveyor, to lay out unto "Monsr: Anthony Boureau 
two hundred & twenty acres of Land due to him for ye : — 
arrivall of himselfe & Joane his wife above Sixteene yeares 
of age, Isaac his sonne Joane his daughter & Lewis 
Naudin his Serx't: under Sixteene years of age ye: 29th. 
November 1686." (Page 362.) 

A similar warrant was issued January 12, 1692-3, for 
land to be laid out to Thwnas Huburd, carpenter. (Page 

"Instructions Joseph West Esqr: one of the Landgraves 
& Governor : of that part of our Province of Carolina that 
lyes South & West of Cape ffeare" are recorded on pages 
363 and 364. 

March 20, 1689, John Godfrey conveyed real estate to 
Henry Symons. Witnesses: Joshua Hobson and Joseph 
Oldys, the former of whom proved the sam# before Robert 
Gibbes, March 5, 1691-2. Registered May 20, 1692, by 
Jonathan Amory, Deputy Register. (Page 365.) 

In 1692, Findla Martin conveyed property unto Edward 
Rawlins, of Carolina, victualler. Witnesses: Jonathan 
Amory and Joshua Hobson. Registered July i, 1692, by 
Jonathan Amory, Dep. Reg. (Page 365.) 


Thomas Smith, as attorney for Landgrave James Col- 
leton, conveyed property to Edward Rawlins. Registered 
by Jonathan Amory, Dep. Sec, July i, 1692. (Page 366.) 

John Moore of Carolina, gent., in conveying lands, re- 
cited that William, Earl of Craven, Palatine of Carolina, 
and the rest of the Lords Proprietors had granted unto 
John Francis Gignilliat a plantation containing 800 acres, 
July 12, 1690, and that Gignilliat had conveyed the same 
to him, August 4, 1690, and that Col. Andrew Percival, of 
Weston HaJl, in the province of Carolina, had conveyed 
to him part of a tract of eleven acres, fronting to the Mill 
Creek and formerly the property of one Barnard, de- 
ceased. (Page 366. This record is very much mutilated.) 

January 30, 1699- 1700, Governor Blake directed Mrs. 
Sarah Rhett to administer on the estate of Mrs. Ann Amory 
and have an inventory and appraisement thereof made. 
(Page 367.) 

The same day Joseph Blake, "Grovernour and Ordinary", 
appointed "Sarah Rhett wife of Capt. William Rhett", 
guardian of Sarah Amory, infant and orphan of Jonathan 
Amory, merchant, committing to her the maintenance, 
schooling, clothing, and educating of the said infant. (Page 


April 23, 1680, Charles Buckley conveyed property to 
Thomas Qowter. Witnesses: Thomas Hutton, William 
Brockus and John Boone. Sarah Buckley renounced her 
dower, December 20, 1680, in the presence of Richard 
Conant and John Boone. Recorded, August 9, 1684, by 
John Beresford, Register. (Page 369. This is only the 
end of the deed. Page 368 contains the first part of the 
will of Mary Crosse, an abstract of which has been pub- 

October 20, 1680, Nathaniel Wigmore, of Carolina, 
planter, in consideration of £10, to him paid by Thomas 
Qowter, conveyed to him 55 acres of land bounded by 
lands of said Qowter, Henry Simmons, Charles Buckley 
and said Wigmore. Witnesses: "J^'^^s Paply" and 
John Tomson. Ann Wigmore renounced her dower. Re- 


corded August 9, 1680, by John Beresford, Register. 
(Pages 369-370.) 

December 7, 1683, Barnard Schenckingh, of Carolina, 
gentleman, in consideration of £50. sterling, conveyed to 
Thomas Barrington, Esq., of Steeple Bumstede, in the 
county of Essex, a tract of 270 acres of land, bounded by 
the eastern branch of the T in Cooper River, by lands not 
run out and by lands of Jonah Lynch, Esq. Witness : Joseph 
Oldys. Recorded, August 13, 1684, ^Y Jo"!^ Beresford, 
Register. ( Page 370. ) 

In December, 1782, Samuel Cotman appointed Gyles 
Russell and Henry [name partially destroyed], merchants, 
for the purpose of conveying to John Palmer lands granted 
said Cotman for bringing over ten settlers. Witnesses: 
Mary Cotman, Joseph Himons and John Palmer, Jr. Re- 
corded January 13, 1682-3. (Page 371.) 

May 2, 1683, E>aniel [name torn out] gave John Arch- 
dale a receipt for £135. sterling "in full of all accots dues 
or demands whatsover from the beginning of the World 
unto the day of the date hereof." Witnesses: William 
CoUings and Benjamin Elderkin, who at Charles Town on 
the loth of May, 1683, appeared before Paul Grimball and 
made oath that they saw the said Daniel give said receipt. 
Recorded May 17, 1683. (Page 371.) 

December 15, 1680, Philip Brady conveyed to Philip 
Doldridge a tract of land bounded by lands of John Norton 
and Capt. Robert Daniell. Witnesses : Edward Mayo, Sr., 
and other witnesses whose names have been torn out. Re- 
corded January 23, 1682-3. (Page 372.) 

July 6, 1680, Governor West and Richard Conant, Wil- 
liam Fuller and John Smyth, members of the Council, 
signed up a grant in behalf of John, Lord Berkeley, Pala- 
tine, and the other Proprietors to Matthew Smallwood. 
(Page 372.) 

October 10, 1693, Andrew Percival, for £80. 
currency of the Province, conveyed to Capt. Charles 
Basden, of Charles Town, one half of town lot 
No. 9, reciting that the said lot No. 9 had been 
granted by the Earl of Craven, Palatine, and the rest of 


the Proprietors, to John Mitchell, who, in 1678, for 28s, 
had conveyed the same to John Cottingham, of Carolina, 
planter; that Cottingham made a will on the 23d day of 
December, 1682, nominating Edward Mayo and John Lad- 
son as his executors and directing them to sell his lands 
and houses for the payment of his debts and for the use 
of his daughter, Sarah Cottingham; that the said Mayo 
and Ladson, in 1683, in consideration of £50. sterling, 
conveyed to said Andrew Percival said one half of the 
said lot which said half was bounded easterly by Cooper 
River, westerly on a lot then in possession of Henry Sweet- 
ing, northerly on the other half of said lot and southerly 
on a half lot then in possession of Henry Symonds. Wit- 
nesses : John Ladson, William Smith and Jonathan Amory. 
Proved by oaths of William Smith, vintner, and Jonathan 
Antory, before William Smith, October 10, 1693. Regis- 
tered, November 10, 1693, by Jonathan Amory, Dep. Reg. 
(Pages 373-374.) 

October 19, 1693, William Bradley, of Charles Town, in 
Berkeley County, Carolina, vintner, and Lidia, his wife, the 
only surviving daughter of Francis and Cicely Tunstead, 
late of London, tallow chandler^ deceased, and heir to the 
said Cicely, also deceased, whose maiden name was Passhay, 
in consideration of £50. sterling, conveyed to Capt. 
Anthony Taylor, mariner, then sojourning in Charles 
Town, "one Croft or close of Land called Nether Swaynes 
Croft, conteyning four acres more or lessi and being near 
Church field between the Land now or late of 
Oliver Dixon" * * * "and Two Acres of Arrable 
Land more or less called Black acres lying and 
being" * * * "Graystone field in the Parish of St. Thomas 
in Dudley in the County of Worcester" * * * "late were 
in the Tenure or Occupation of William Bayley." Wit- 
nesses : Robert Gibbes, Isaac Mazicq, Roberts, John Thom- 
son, Nicholas Stapleton and Jonathan Amory. Proved by 
oaths of Isaac Mazicq and Jonathan Amory. Registered, 
November 13, 1693. (Pages 375-376.) 

Paul Grimball, Charles Colleton and Thomas Smith in 
behalf of William, Earl of Craven, Anthony, Lord Ashley, 


George, Lord Carteret, Sir Peter Colleton, Seth Sothdl, 
Thomas Archdale and Thomas Amy, Proprietors, granted 
a tract of land to Nicholas Barlicom. Registered, Octo- 
ber 3, 1693, ^y Jonathan Amory, (Page 377.) 

In 1693 Stephen Bull, surveyor, certified that by virtue 
of a warrant from the Governor, bearing date June 12th, 
he had admeasured and laid out to Nicholas Barlicorn, 
shipwright, town lot in Charles Town, No. 113, on record 
of the town, bounding northward on a little street that led 
frcMn the river by the lot of David Maybank into the 
country; southward upon the lot of Barnard Schenckingh, 
deceased; eastward upon a street that led by the lots of 
Chapman Brutdl and others and to Capt. Daniell's swamp; 
westward upon the lot belonging to said Schendcingh, the 
form and shape of which lot could be found in "Grand 
Modell" of the town then in the Surveyor's office. Regis- 
tered October 3, 1693, by Jonathan Amory. (Page 377.) 

The final record of Book No. i. (erroneously marked 
when rebound, "1692-93") is an agreement, written in 
French, and signed by James Dugue, Sr., Samuel Dubour- 
dieu and Judith Dugue, and witnessed by Anthoine Bourau, 
who proved the same, September 15, 1693, Susanne 
Margueritte De Farcy and P. la Salle. Registered by 
Jonathan Amory. Dep. Reg. (Pages 377-378.) 


Communicated by Mr. Lothrop Withington, 30 Little Russell Street, 

W. C, London (including "Gleanings" by Mr. H. F. Waters, 

not before printed). 

ELIZABETH GORDON, Nightingale Lane, in the parish of St. 
John, Wapping, Middlesex, widow. Will 3 July 1763; 
proved 28 April 1767. To my Brother in Law James Gordon 
£5. To Sister in law Jane Gordon £5. To my Kinsman 
Richard Moncrief in South Carolina £10. Rest to my Kins- 
man in Law, David Becanquil of St. John Wapping, 
Mariner, sole executor. Witnesses: Samuel Blare, John 

Legard, 135. 

PHILIP DELEGAL, ESQUIRE, dwelling in St. Peters Port in 
the Island of Guernsey, Captain of a Company (in the 
honourable Lieutenant General Parson's Regiment) of In- 
valids. Will 22 January 1762; proved 14 September 1764. 
To my wife Eleanor Delegal, living at Phillip's Bluff in the 
province of South Carolina £200, if she do not survive me, 
to my daughter Catherine, wife of Mr, Hugh Campbell of 
South Carolina, mariner. To my eldest son Philip Delegal 
of Little Agahee in the Colony of Georgia £300. To son 
John Delegal of South Carolina, mariner, £200 Bank stock, 
receipt signed by Wm. Catsford. To my two sons George 
and Edward Delegal, dwelling in Georgia, planters, my land 
near my son Philip's. To son George £100 Bank stock, re- 
ceipt signed by Mary Ann Duvaux. To son Edward £100 
Bank stock, receipt signed James Scott. To my daughter 

Margaret, wife of of South Carolina, Planter, £100 

Bank stock, signed Thomas Littlebury. To youngest daugh- 
ter Sophia, some time since living with her mother in South 
Carolina, £100. To Poor of St. Peters Port, Guernsey, los. 
Executors beyond the Seas: Wife Eleanor and son 
Philip. Joint Trustees or agents in Great Britain and 
Guernsey: Sir John Milne Baronet Bart, Heut. gov. of 
Guernsey, and Elisha Tupper of said Island. Witnesses: 


Andre Migault, George Hawley, and Edward Knight. 
Proved by Abraham Le Mesurier, attorney for Executors 
in Georgia. 

Simpson, 346. 
JOHN DE LAUNE, late of Charles Town in South Carolina, 
Surgeon, living at present in Stepney, county Middlesex. 
Will 16 September 1727; proved 24 May 1727. 
All my estate to my cousin Robert Aubert of the 
old Artillery, Watch maker, and to my cousin Anne 
de Launay of Stepney to the use of my wife Mary de 
Laune and I desire my cousin Anne de Launay to live with 
her and take care of my said wife in the sorrowfuU condition 
she is in. At my wife's decease as follows: To Robert 
Aubert £200. To said Anne de Laune £3000. To Peter 
de Laune £200. To Mary de Laune £200. To Susanne de 
Laune £200 and I divide among them the effects in America 
which I left to Mr. Isaac Chardon of Carolina to clear up. 
Executors: Robert Aubert and Anne de Launay. Wit- 
nesses: James Miffant, George Schutz, Clerk to Mr. Isaac 
Delpech, Notary Publick in Threadneedle Street. 

Brooks, 145. 

JOHN COLLETON of St. George Hanover Square, county 
Middlesex, Esquire. Will 2 April 1728; proved 24 De- 
cember 1755. To Elizabeth Colleton an annuity of £200 
out of my lands in parishes of St. Jolin, St. Peter, and St. 
Lucy in the Island of Barbadoes. To my eldest son James 
Edward Colleton all my plantations, slaves, etc. in Barba- 
does. To my son John Colleton all my plantations in South 
Carolina with stock, slaves, etc. To daughter Anne Col- 
leton £6000 when 21 or married. Executrix: Wife Eliza- 
beth. Witnesses: James Blythman, John Cornthwaite, and 
Henry Adams. Codicil 26 May 1731. To my wife 
Elizabeth my house in New Bond Street. To daughter 
Anne Colleton £2000 over and above the £6000 in my will. 
Joint Executors with my wife, my son James Edward Col- 
leton, and Edwin Somers of London, merchant. Same wit- 
nesses as to will. Proved by James the son and surviving 
executor. Paul, 310. 


PETER COLLETON of South Carolina. Will 30 November 
1740; proved 11 November 1754. To my dear brother 
John Colleton all my books. To my sister Susanna Colleton 
my little inlaid cabinet, also £50 to be applied to the pur- 
pose of the letter enclosed. Residuary Legatee: Brother 
Robert Colleton. Executors: Brothers John and Robert. 
Witnesses: Elianor Sandwell, Nathaniel Lade, William 
Hopton. Proved by Robert, surviving executor. 

Pinfold, 295. 

SAMUEL EVELEiGH, late of Charles Town in the Province of 
South Carolina, Merchant, now residing in the City of 
Bristol. Will 20 June 1764; proved 30 October 1766. To 
my Brother in Law George Eveleigh, my sister in law 
Elizabeth, his wife, and their five children, vizt. Elizabeth, 
Samuel, Thomas, Catherine, and Ann, £50 apiece. To my 
son George Eveleigh £6500, 3% Bank Annuities and my 
executors to manage for him until his apprenticeship with 
Mr. Remington is expired., and Mr. Thomas Remington 
of his own free will told me unasked that he would permit 
him to merchandize or trade a little on his own account, 
my executors to furnish him with fimds to do so. The resi- 
due to my son Nicholas Eveleigh with two Negro men I 
have in South Carolina and my land there consisting of 
a lott on the Bay of Charles Town, and a tract butting on 
Combahee River, he is to pay the following little annuities : 
To Mrs. Elizabeth Newman, relict of Henry Newman, 
formerly of Arundell in Sussex, deceased, £5. To Mrs. 
Grace Foster, daughter of Mr. Farr, formerly Inn Keper at 
Arundell in Sussex, deceased, £3. 3s. To Mrs. Hull of 
New Sarum in Wilts £3. 3s. Executors and guardians to 
my two sons George and Nicholas till 21 : Sir William 
Baker, merchant, and Alderman of London, George Austin 
Esqre, Mr. Benjamin Stead, both merchants lately in 
Charles Town, South Carolina, but now in England, and my 
aforesaid Brother in law George Eveleigh. Proved by son 
Nicholas., all the other executors renouncing. 

Tyndall, 369. 


September 1762; proved 7 February 1767. To my friend 
Colonel John Schutz £500. To my friend Peter Simons 
£500. To my friend George Schutz, son of Augustus, £500. 
To David Rhind of Charles Town £500 current money of 
this Province and all my books and my share in the Charles 
Town Library Society. To poor of both parishes in 
Charles Town £500 current money and my house and fur- 
niture including a clock. To William Dockwray, if he shall 

be my clerk at the time of my decease, £100. To 

Beaufain, the only surviving son of my late Brother, all the 
rest of my estate, charging the same with an annuity of 
£50 a year to my said Nephews' mother and with an annual 
payment of £50 to my sister Qodre de Beaufain. Exe- 
cutors: George Schutz for my concerns in England, and 
David Rhind for my concerns in this Province. My pew in 
St. Michael's Church to the poor. South Carolina By his 
Excellency Right. Hon. Lord Charles Greville Montagu, 
Capt. Gen. Gov. and Commander in Chief over the said 
Province on 17 Oct. 1766. Hon. William Bull Esq. Lieut. 
Gov. and William Wragg Esqr. swear to the writing of said 
Hector Beringer de Beaufain. Thomas Skottowe, Secre- 
tary's Office, Secretary and Registrar of Province, certi- 
fies the copy. 

Legard, 36. 

{Continued from Volume IX.) 


HOUSE-FURNISHINGS IN 1 774- — The following advertise- 
ment, taken from The South Carolina Gazette, June 6, 1774, 
is of interest as showing in some detail the manner in which 
the homes of the wealthy planters and government officials 
were furnished prior to the Revolution. 

The property advertised belonged to Sir Egerton Leigh, 

Attorney-general, Surveyor-general, President of His 

Majesty's Council in the province of S. C, and at one time 

Judge of Admiralty; he was the only son of Peter Leigh, 

bom 1710, died 1759, Chief Justice of S. C Egerton 

Leigh married in 1756, Martha, Daughter of Francis 

Bremar and Martha Laurens, a sister of Henry Laurens. 

An account of his career will be found in South Carolina 

Under the Royal Government, by McCrady, page 471-481. 

He left South Carolina for England, June 19, 1774, James 

Simpson, Esq. being appointed Attorney General during 

his absence [S. C Gaz, June, 20 et seq., 1774] ; and returned 

in June 1780. He died September 15, 1781, in the 49th 

year of his age. [Royal Gazette, Sept. 15, 1781.] 

Will be sold by Public Vendue. 

On Tuesday the 28th Day of June Inst. 

At Ten o'clock in the Forenoon, 

At the House of Sir Egerton Leigh, 

All his valuable Furniture 

Books, Plate, Pictures, China and other Effects. 

The Furniture consists of elegant white and Gold Cabriole Sophas 

and Chairs, covered with blue and white Silk, Window Curtains to 

match; one other Set of Sophas and Chairs, covered with black and 

yellow Figures of Nuns- Work in Silk, inlaid Commodes, Card Tables, 

Several Suits of handsome Chintz Cotton Window Curtains lined and 

ornamented with Silk Fringe and Tassels, a complete Set of Chintz 

Cotton Bed Curtains, a curious and superbe India Cabinet a Rose 

Wood Desk and Book Case with Chinese Paintings on Glass' very 

masterly executed, Carpets, Beds, Bedsteads, Toutena«: Grates, etc. 


An elegant large Six-stop Organ, with Ten Barrels, containing near 
Four Score of the most approved Tunes, consisting of Airs, Mmuets, 
Cotillions, Country Dances, Songs, and Marches, besides Four Pieces 
of Mustek ; a fine musical Clock, by Ellicott, mo^tited in Or Molu, and 
a most elegant and light Coach (which has been used only a few 
Times) constructed upon a Plan to biiit this Climate, with a compleat 
Set of handsome Town Harness belonging to the same. 


The Paintings arc by some of the first Masters, viz. Paul Veronese, 
Carladolsci, Jordano, Ghisolsi, Corregio, and Guido: There are also 
several excellent Minatures Pictures-, particularly one of Queen Elisa- 
beth, done in the year 1574, besides many other curious and ornamental 

Credit will be g^ven, if desired, till June 1775 payini? Interest, and 
giving Security for all Sums amounting to Two Hundred PoUnds, or 
upward and all Purchases under that sum to be paid for in Cash. 

N. B. The Negroes will be disposed of at private Sale. 


JAMES LOWNDES, of Washington, D. C, a member of the 
South Carolina Historical Society, died at Augusta, 
Georgia, January 15th, 1910. 

He was born in Charleston, January 6th, 1835, and was 
the eldest son of Edward Rutledge and Lucia Guerard 
Lowndes, He was prepared for College at the well known 
school of Christopher Coates in Charleston, and was grad- 
uated at the South Carolina College in 1854 with the first 
honors of his class. Having completed his education at the 
Universities of Berlin, Bonn and Goettingen, he returned to 
Charleston, entered the bar, and was chosen by Mr. 
Petigru to assist him in the codification of the laws of South 
Carolina. On the outbreak of the Confederate war, after 
a brief service on the coast of South Carolina, he went to 
Virginia as an officer of the Hampton legion, and took part 
in the first battle of Manassas. Returning to South Caro- 
lina he was appointed Captain of Sharp Shooters, and sub- 
sequently served upon the staff of General W. S. (Live 
Oak) Walker. Accompanying General Walker to Virginia 
in 1864, he was present at the attack on Newbern, N. C, 
and was with the General when he was wounded at Clay's 
Farm on May 20th, 1865. He served afterwards on the staff 
of General Stephen Elliott, being present at the Battle of 
The Crater, July 7th, 1864, and surrendered at Appomattox. 
Coming back to Charleston, he resumed the practice of his 
profession, and at the same time performed editorial work 
for a while upon the Charleston News. He was a member 
of the firm of McGrath & Lowndes, in which Hon. A. G. 
McGrath was the senior member, and remained with him 
until the autumn of 1874, when he removed to Washing- 
ton. He there built up a large practice. In the Court of 
Claims, in the Supreme Court of the United States, the 
courts of the District and in congressional practice he was 
alike successful. He was one of the Commissioners under 


the treaty between Spain and the United States of February 
loth, 1870. He had retired from practice some years be- 
fore his death. On April 9th, 1891, he married Laura 
Walcott Tuckerman, eldest daughter of Lucius Tuckerman, 
of Boston, who survives him. Mr. Lowndes was much more 
than a lawyer of learning and capacity. His memory was 
remarkable and his mind enriched with ancient and modem 
literature. He had great social gifts, and took a high posi- 
tion in Washington society, in which his personal appear- 
ance, his distinguished manners, and literary accomplish- 
ments fitted him to shine. Though long absent from South 
Carolina, his interest in all that concerned the State never 
abated. His gifts to this Society, and to the Charleston 
Library Society, and to the Carolina Art Association were 
frequent and valuable. The Historical Society and those 
interested in this Magazine have special reason to feel his 

JUDGE JAMES ALDRiCH, a Curator of the South Carolina 
Historical Society, died at Aiken, S. C, January 23, 1910. 

He was born in Barnwell July 25, 1850. He was the son 
of James T. and Isabel C. (Patterson) Aldrich and the 
early part of his life was spent in Barnwell, where his early 
education was secured. 

Soon after the War Between the States he entered Wash- 
ington University (now Washington and Lee) at Lexing- 
ton, Va., from which institution he graduated. He was a 
student there at the time Gen. Robert E. Lee was president. 

After his graduation from Washington University he 
began the study of law in the office of his father in Barn- 
well. He was soon after admitted to the Bar and came to 
Aiken to take up the practice of his profession just after 
that city had been made county seat. December 15, 1874, 
he was married to Miss Fannie Lebby, of Charleston, who 
died December 26, 1908. Three children were born of this 
union, only one of whom survives, Mrs. Huger T. Hall, 
with whom he resided after the death of his wife. 

Judge Aldrich played a prominent part in the politics 
of the State several years ago. His career began in the 


troublous period of 1876, when he was one of the most con- 
spicuous figures. He, with the Hon. D. S. Henderson, the 
Hon. Leroy F. Youmans and Major T. G. Barker defended 
a number of Aiken County citizens in the Federal Court on 
the charge of participating in the Ellenton riot in the cam- 
paign of 1876. A mistrial was the result at the time, and 
the case was never brought to another trial. 

Member House of Representatives from 1878 to 1882 
and from 1884 to 1889, when he was elected Judge of the 
second circuit. 

In 1878 Judge Aldrich was elected to the House of Repre- 
sentatives from Aiken County, and was re-elected in 1880. 
In 1882 he became a candidate in the Democratic Conven- 
tion for Attorney General, being defeated for the nomina- 
tion by only a few votes. In 1884 he was aguin honored 
with a seat in the House, and was elected to succeed himself 
consecutively until his elevation, in 1889, to the Bench, on 
the second circuit, to succeed his uncle, the late Hon. Alfred 
P. Aldrich. Judge Aldrich was a member of the judiciary 
committee continuously during his services in the General 

When Judge Aldrich was elected to his position on the 
Bench, he was opposed by Gen. James W. Moore, of Hamp- 
ton, and former Judge J. J. Maher, of Barnwell. He served 
on the Bench until 1908, when ill health compelled him to 
resign. His health had been failing for some years, and it 
was only his realization of his duty that caused him to 
resign, for he dearly loved the duties of the Judgeship. As 
Judge, he was ever fair and impartial, and, as a rule, his 
decisions stood well the tests of the upper Courts, few re- 
versals following his decisions. 

When he gave up his duties as Judge, he was succeeded 
by his cousin, the Hon. Robert Aldrich, of Barnwell, who 
was the third Aldrich to ascend to the position of Judge 
of the second circuit. 

Judge Aldrich is survived by one daughter, Mrs. Huger 
T. Hall, of Aiken, and four sisters, Mrs. H. H. Wyman, Sr., 
of Aiken ; Mrs. W A. Holman, of Charleston ; Mrs. Baker, 
of Qinton, and Mrs. Addison, of Charleston. 


Judge Aldrich was a member of St. Thaddeus Episcopal 
Church, and has frequently served as a warden and a 
vestryman. He was last year a delegate to the Diocesan 
Convention, He ever took a great deal of interest in the 
affairs of his Church, 

The South CaroUna 

Historical and Genealogical 


VOL. XL JULY, 1910. N^ 


The manuscript now printed, was presented to the 
South Carolina Historical Society in January, 1899, by 
Professor William James Rivers, through Gen. Edward 
McCrady. There is nothing to show where the original is 
to be found, and the only notes upon it are as follows : 

"Col. Rob' Gray's observations on the War in Carolina — 

He was Col. of the Provincials, & after the War settled 
at Nova Scotia." 

Gray resided in the Cheraws District, and was a Justice 
of the Peace for that district in 1776;* a Robert Gray was 
on the roll of a volunteer company of Rangers, Sept. 2, 
1775,* from Camden District, if the same he probably went 
over to the British after 1776. 

Robert Gray's property was confiscated by the Jackson- 
borough Assembly, and he is listed in Class V. in the 
Statutes at Large, [vol 6.] with "Those who have borne 
Commissions, Civil or Military, under the British Govern- 
ment, since the conquest of this Province." 

Sabine (American Loyalists, p. 335) mentions him as 
holding a royal commission after the fall of Charleston; 
and we find in the narrative of Col David Fanning (N, C. 

^Journal of the General Assembly; March-April, iyy6. Printed by 
the So. Ca. Historical Commission, 1906. 
"See Vol. 1 of this Magazine, p. 196. 


State Records, Vol. XXII, p. 229) a further mention of him 
in connection with the Loyalists in Charleston. 

Gray's "Observations" were evidently written in Charles- 
town, sometime in the Spring of 1782, certainly after Feb- 
ruary 25", and probably prior to the first of April. 


The conquest of Charlestown was attended with the con- 
guest of the back country because all the Continental troops 
in the Southern department were taken in that place except 
the party under Col Beaufort* which was soon after cut to 
pieces at the Wexaws by Col. Tarlton. The people at that 
time not much accustomed to arms & finding no troops to 
support them submitted when they saw the Kings troops in 
possession of the back country. Posts were established at 
Augusta, Ninety-Six, Camden,* Cheraw Hill & George- 
town. The conquest of the Province was complete. The 
loyal part of the inhabitants being in a number about one 
third of the whole & these by no means the wealthest, 
readily took up arms to maintain the British government, 
the others also enrolled themselves in the Militia party 
because they believed the war to be at an end in the South- 
ern provinces & partly to ingratiate themselves with the 
conquerors, they also fondly hoped that they would enjoy 
a respite from the Calamities of war — and that the restora- 
tion of the Kings Government would restore to them the 
happiness they enjoyed before the war began, with these 
views on both sides, the Whigs & Tories seemed to vie with 
each other in giving proof of the sincerity of their sub- 
mission & a most profound calm succeeded. This was not 
confined only to the Country within the new established 
posts. The panic of the Whigs & the exultation of the 

"Abraham Buford of Virginia. He was appointed colonel of Mor- 
gan's 11th Virginia regiment May 16, 1778. On 29th May, 1780, his 
command was surprised and cut to pieces by Col. Tarleton at Wax- 
haw Creek. They had set o'ut for Charleston to relieve Gen. Lin- 
coln, but hearing of his surrender, were on the return march. 

[The following note is in the Mss. Copy.] 

•This post was withdrawn before the battle of Camden & never 
afterwards reestablished. 


Tories produced the same consequences in the back Country 
beyond the reach of the posts, the people in many places 
coming in from the distance of fifty miles to take the Oath 
of Allegiance or to surrender themselves prisoners on 
parole. All the inhabitants seemed intent upon cultivating 
their farms & making money great quantities of produce 
were sent to Charlestown & great numbers of wagons even 
from the mountains crowded the roads travelling in every 

This tranquility was of short duration, the abuses of the 
Army in taking the peoples Horses, Cattle & provisions in 
many cases without paying for them, abuses perhaps insep- 
erable from a Millitary Government disgusted the inhabi- 
tants, but this was by no means the principal cause of the 
disorders which followed, they flowed from another source, 
the disaffection of the Whigs, the establishment of the 
Kings government naturally & unavoidably occasioned an 
entire change of Civil & Millitary officers throughout the 
province. A new set of men were elevated into power & 
place, whilst their predecessors in office were stripped of 
their consequence & sent to cultivate their plantations, the 
pangs of disappointed ambition soon made these men view 
all our transactions with jaundiced eyes, and as Gen* Gates'* 
approach put an end to the hopes of tranquillity they had 
at first expected to enjoy, they were in general, especially 
the Millitia officers determined to avail themselves of that 
opportunity to reestablish themselves in power, never doubt- 
ing of Gen' Gates being able to effect it, as, like other men 
they easily believed what they eagerly wished for. Lord 
Cornwallis with great sagacity foresaw what followed, he 
instantly ordered all the leadings Whigs who had been 
paroled to their plantations, to repair to Johns & James 

A great number obeyed while others went off & met 
Gen' Gates, the approach of the army seemed to be a signal 
for a general revolt in the disaffected parts of the back 
Country, but the speedy & successful issue of the action 

'General Gates arrived on the confines about the end of Jaly, 1780. 


at Camden' put an end to it immediately, and restored tran- 
quillity to the Country. 

Lord Comwallis made some severe examples of the Re- 
volters/ a measure which was become absolutely necessary 
to deter others from the same conduct, as many of those 
who had taken up arms again had never had the smallest 
cause of Complaint, but had been treated with every mark 
of attention & respect by the Kings officers. A universal 
panic seized the rebels after the battle of Camden and had 
Lord Cornwallis had a sufficient army to have marched 
into North Carolina & to have established posts in his rear 
at convenient places to preserve his communication with 
South Carolina & to prevent the rebels from assembling in 
arms after he had passed along North Carolina would have 
fallen without a struggle, but the smallness of his numbers 
soon turned the tide against him. He marched from Cam- 
den to Charlotte with the army & at the same time directed 
Major Forgusson' with the Ninety Six Militia to advance 
into North Carolina, betwixt his left flank & the Moun- 
tains. The rebels dispairing of being able to effect anything 
against his Lordship, resolved to make a grand effort 
against Major Fergusson, who, although he knew his 
danger & was ordered to join the army, yet after retreating 
60 miles he loitered away two days most unaccountably at 
Kings Mountain & thereby gave time to the rebel Militia 

•Battle fought near Camden. August 16, 1780. 

•See Cornwallis's unjust order, McCrady, 1775-1780, pages 70^710. 

'Patrick Fergust)n, brevet lieutenant-colanel, major 71st High- 
landers, inventor of the first breechloading rifle used in the British 
army, born 1744; (second son of James Ferguson of Pit fours. Aber- 
deenshire, Senator of College of Justice, and one of the lords com- 
missioners of justicairy for Scotland, by his wife, Hon. Anne Murray, 
daughter of Alexander, 4th Lord Elibank.) Patrick Ferguson was 
ordered to Georgia from Stonypoint, with the troops under Major- 
General Pattison, royal artillery, which penetrated into South Caro- 
lina, where he was* employed under Tarlton at the Seige of Charleston. 
On 26th Oct., 1779, Ferguson was appointed major in one of the bat- 
talions of the old 71st Highlanders, then serving in Ameriai. After 
the Siege of Charleston he was actively employed in organizing and 
training the loyal militia of South Carolina. With the army so raised 
he accompanied Lord Cornwallis in his march thro^lgh the Carolinas. 
He was killed at King's Mountain Oct. 7, 1780. Dictionary of National 


under the command of Gen^ Williams* to come up with him, 
the rebels were greatly superior to him in number 

He had about 600 Militia & 60 regulars, an action ensued* 
in which our Militia behaved with a degree of steadiness & 
spirit that would not have disgraced any regular troops. & 
the rebels were repulsed three times, but having changed 
their mode of attack & made an attempt on a small party 
of North Carolinians on our left flank who were not so 
well diciplined as the South Carolinians succeeded in break- 
ing them, they soon communicated the disorder to the 
others & at this critical moment Major Fergusson fell. A 
total rout ensued. 

This unfortunate affair gave a new turn to the War. All 
the country on Lord Cornwallis' rear was laid open to the 
incursions of the enemy, who, if they had made a proper 
use of their victory might have taken both Ninety Six & 
Augusta, nevertheless the consequences were very im- 
portant. Lord Cornwallis was obliged to retreat & take a 
position at Winsburg" in the fork of Santee between the 
Wateree & Congaree Rivers, that he might be at hand to 
succor Camden & Ninety Six & to cover the country within 
these posts. 

This gave new spirits to the rebel Militia on the Western 
& Northern frontiers, who began to turn out in great num- 
bers & with more confidence, they were led by Sumpter & 
Marion who had both been field officers in the South Caro- 
lina State troops, the former commanded on the Western 
frontier beyond Camden & Ninety Six & the latter on the 
Northern betwixt Santee & peedee. 

■James Williams, born in Hanova Co., Va., in 1740, killed at King's 
Mo'umain, Oct. 8, 1780. He settled on Little River, Laurens district, 
S. C, in 1773; was member of the Provincial Congress of S. C. in 
Jan. 1775; was appointed lieut.-col. of militia in 1776, commanded a 
detachment at the battle of Stono June 20, 1779; defeated the British 
and Tories at Musgrove's Mills, 18th Aug., 1780, and rewarded by 
Gov. Rutledge with a commission of Brigadier General. McCrady's 
History of S. C, vols. 1719-76 & l775-m 

•The Whigs had a combined force of 1100 men. the whole num- 
ber of mounted men chosen to attack Ferguson were 910, besides a 
squad of unmounted footmen. — McCrady, South Carolina in the 
Revolution, 1775-1780, p. 784. 

"Cornwallis's army arrived at Winnsboro Oct. 29, 1780. — Ibid., 
page 810. 


Both these countries were highly disaffected to us and 
the people wanted only leaders. It was therefore those 
people who formed & supported Simipter & Marion & not 
any superiority of genius in those officers that formed & 
called for the Militia in those parts Sumpter was bold & 
rash, and run many risks from which his good fortune 
always extricated him. Marion was timid & cautious & 
would risk nothing, yet both succeeded in their attempts. 
During all this time the Continental troops in general kept 
a cautious distance & chiefly made use of Sumpter & 
Marion, who began to grow extreemely troublesom & es- 
tablished a decided superiority in the Militia line — Major 
Fergussons' loss was now severely felt. The officers of 
Royal Militia being possessed themselves nor were able to 
inspire their followers with the confidence necessary for 
soldiers. While almost every British officer regarded with 
contempt and indifference the establishment of a militia 
among a people differing so much in customs & manners 
from themselves. Had Major Fergusson lived, the Militia 
would have been completely formed. He possessed all the 
talents & ambition necessary to accomplish that purpose & 
set out exactly in that line, he therefore would have achieved 
with the inhabitants of the country what the other British 
officers can only effect with important soldiers, the want 
of a man of his genius w^as soon severely felt & if ever 
another is found to supply his place he will go great lengths 
towards turning the scale of the war in our favor. 

The want of paying sufficient attention to our Militia 
produced daily at this time the most disagreeable conse- 
quences. In the first place, when the Rebel Militia were 
made prisoners, they were immediately delivered up to the 
Regular Officers, who, being entirely ignorant of the dis- 
positions & manners of the people treated them with the 
utmost lenity & sent them home to their plantations upon 
parole & in short they were treated in every respect as 
foreign enemies, the general consequences of this was, 
that they no sooner got out of our hands than they broke 
their paroles, took up arms, and made it a point to murder 
every Militia man of ours who had any concern in making 


them prisoners, on the other hand when ever a Militia Man 
of our was made a prisoner he was delivered not to the 
Continentals but to the Rebel Militia, who looked upon 
him as a State prisoner, as a man who deserved a halter, & 
therefore treated him with the greatest cruelty. 

If he was not assassinated after being made a prisoner, 
he was instantly hurried into Virginia or North Carolina 
where he was kept a prisoner without friends, money, 
credit, or perhaps hopes of exchange. This line being once 
drawn betwixt their militia & ours, it was no longer safe 
to be a loyalist in the frontiers. These last being over- 
whelmed with dismay became dejected & timid while the 
others increasing in boldness & enterprise made constant 
inrodes in small parties & murdered every loyalist they 
found whether in arms or at home. Their irruptions an- 
swered the descriptions we have of those made by the 
Goths & Vandals. 

Whilst the inhabitants of Charles Town were amusing 
themselves with the aspect of the war in the different 
quarters of the globe, the unfortunate loyalists on the 
frontiers found the fury of the whole war let loose upon 
him. He was no longer safe to sleep in his house. He 
hid himself in the swamps. It was perfectly in 
vain to take a prisoner, he was either liberated upon 
parole to commit fresh murders & depredations, or if his 
character was very notorious, he was sent in irons to 
Charles Town, where after some months confinement, the 
witnesses against him not appearing, being deterred by the 
distance & uncertain of the time at which he would be 
brought to trial, he pestered the principal officers here with 
petitions until he was turned loose again, irritated with his 
confinement, to murder more loyalists. The eflfect of all 
this was that the loyalist, if he did not choose to retire 
within the posts, a ruined Refugee either joined them 
openly or gave them private intelligence of the movements 
of our parties for which he enjoyed real protection & was 
safe to go to sleep without danger of having his throat cut 
before morning. Had our militia been certain of being 
treated as prisoners of war by the enemy, many more would 
have sided with the royal Standard. 


It may be said that bad treatment will make them des- 
perate. It has at length had that effect, but for a long time 
it produced a very contrary one as they did not care to 
expose themselves in situations pregnant with every danger 
— & where they fought under peculiar disadvantages. The 
case of the regulars was very different. When made pris- 
oners they met with the mildest treatment & were always 
sent to Charles Town upon parole imtil exchanged. 

This mismanagement of the King's officers proceeded 
from their want of knowledge of the manners of the people. 
They sometimes interposed in behalf of the Militia, & 
hanged notorious murderers, but these efforts were not 
sufficiently frequent to produce any effect Nothing will 
ever be able here to put our Militia here on a proper foot- 
ing, but giving up to them all the rebel Militia when 
prisoners to be dealt with according to the laws of retalia- 
tion, subject however to the control of the commander in 
chief in the Southern department. 

The regulars altho' they take perfect care of their own 
interests in war, will never take the same care of the 
militia. It is against all experience. No class of men will 
consider the interests of another class so attentively as 
they do their own. 

About this time Lord Comwallis being reinforced by 
General Lesly marched into North Carolina, but before the 
subsequent transactions are mentioned it will be proper to 
take notice of the situation of our affairs in South Carolina 
at this period. 

Lord Rawdon" was left commanding officer on the fron- 

"Francis Rawdon, (1754-1826,) first Marmiis of Hastings* and second 
Earl of Moira; was appointed Oct. 20, 1/73, to a lieutenancy in 
the 5th foot, embarking for America. After service in the north and 
at the Siege of Chariestown, he was* employed in keeping the Americans 
in check until the arrival of Lord Comwallis, and on 16th Aug, 1780, 
commanded the left division of the British forces- at the battle of 
Camden. On April 25, 1781, he defeated the Americans under the 
command of General Greene at Hobkirk's Hill. Rawdon was a 
stern martinet, and was guilty of several acts of unpolitic severity 
during the American war. He went so far as to set a price on the 
head of every rebel. He showed remarkable military ability, and 
Comwallis, in his Correspondence, vi. p. 97, describes his victory at 
Hobkirk's Hill "as by far the most splendid of this war." — Dictionary 
of National Biography, Vol. 25, p. 117. 


tiers. His Head Quarters was Camden where he had about 
800 men, a body sufficient to afford a detachment superior 
to the united force of Sumpter & Marion, especially when to 
that were added about five hundred men under command 
of Colonel Watson" .who lay at Wright's Bluff. Besides 
the other posts at Ninety Six & Augusta, a new one was 
added at Friday's Ferry on the Congaree river betwixt the 
former of thfese places & Camden. These covered the 
western frontier. A chain of small posts were erected 
from Camden along the Santee to Monks Corner, to pre- 
serve the communication to Charlestown. The first from 
Camden was the Fort at Mottes house upon the South side 
of the Congaree river about three miles from the fork of 
Santee & about a mile from McCords Ferry. The second 
was Fort Watson at Wright's Bluff on the North side of 
Santee about 30 miles down the river. The third was at 
Nelson's ferry on the South side of Santee about 40 miles 
below McCords ferry, & 20 from Monks Corner, which 
last was on Cooper river & 30 from Charles Town. 

The stores for the army at Camden were sent by water 
from Charles Town to Monks Corner, from thence wag- 
goned to a landing on Santee near Nelson's ferry where 
they were embarked in boats for Camden. There was no 
post [port? R]" to the Northward of Charles Town except 
Georgetown. The rebel Militia under Sumpter & Marion 
were now highly elated, & made no dowbt of Lord Corn- 
wallis & his army being burgoyned if he should attempt to 
follow Gen* Greene into North Carolina, while they reck- 
oned themselves able to cope with Lord Rawdon. This 
will not appear surprising when it is known that they were 
so grossly ignorant that at the distance of forty miles from 
Camden they were continously made to believe that Gen* 
Wayne or some other officer had invested Camden, that 
Lord Rawdon had not more than 300 men & Lord Corn- 
wallis not more than 800 & that General Lesly had been 

"Col. John Watson; see McCrady, Revolution 1780-1785, pages 18, 
107, ct seq. 

"This insertion is in the copy, and was probably made by Professor 


driven out of Virginia with great loss, by a vast army there 
which was the cause of his coming to South Carolina. 

Full of these ideas & confident of being on the strongest 
side, they were ready for any enterprise; accordingly they 
were daily joined by many men of influence who had been 
a few months before admitted to become British subjects, 
after they had earnestly petitioned for that purpose, which 
however they only did to prevent their estates from being 
sequestered whilst their political sentiments remained un- 
altered, in the same manner as many of our friends go into 
the country at present & submit to the rebels to save their 
estates from confiscation. 

Daily inroads were now made across the Santee & scarce 
a public waggons escaped to Nelson's ferry. Almost all 
the public boats on the Santee were destroyed & the com- 
munication with Camden was almost at an end. 

All the loyal inhabitants at Ninety-Six district being 
about one half & living partly betwixt Broad & Saluda 
rivers, commonly called the Dutch Fork, & in other places 
of that district, all the inhabitants of Orangeburg District 
from a few miles to the Southward of Santee to the Salt- 
ketchers, being almost unanimous in favor of Government 
were the friendly parts of this province on the South side 
of Santee, the rest were enemies while Sumpter & Marion 
gave great uneasiness to our posts in their reach, one 
McKay" another partisan about Savannah river, & Col. 
Clark" of the cedeed lands in Georgia harrassed the Country 
near Augusta. The rebel militia were now bold & elated, 
their partisans had hitherto escaped every attempt made 
to crush them & they were all become familiar with danger. 

A few months before this when any party of troops 
marched into their country they were so alarmed that they 
retired back for 50 or 60 miles or hid themselves in the 
swamps, but now when in a similar situation, if unable to 
oppose the troops in the field they kept hovering round them 
in small parties, picked up stragglers & fired upon them 
from every swamp. The troops were obliged to act with 

"Lieutenant James McKay — McCrady, 1780-1783' 
"Col. Elijah Clarke, of Georgia.— Ibid. 


caution & to keep within their pickets. The loyal inhabi- 
tants were still dejected & not sufficiently used to arms. 
On the frontiers they were continually harassed with small 
murdering parties of rebels, but in Orangeburg they were 
in profound peace ; upon the whole however they could not 
in general be trusted upon any expedition by themselves. 
While the rebel Militia were every day growing more 
troublesome, the loyal inhabitants of Little Pedee had be- 
come in their turn extremely troublesome to Marion and 
his brigade. They inhabit the country betwixt the North 
Side of Pedee & North Carolina in one Direction & from 
the Cheraw Hill to Waccomaw Lake in the other. Their 
numbers are about 500 men fit for war. They had arms 
put into their hands when the post was established at the 
Cheraw Hill before Gen* Gates' arrival. When that Post 
was withdrawn to Camden at his approach they were the 
only people on the North side of Santee who did not join 
in the general revolt. The inhabitants of Williamsburg 
"Township" not yet headed by Marion made an unsuccess- 
ful attempt to crush them & they have ever since stood their 

They carried on a continual predatory war against the 
rebels & sometimes surprised them at their musters. In 
short, they carried on the war against the rebels precisely 
as they had set the example & as the post at George Town 
supplied them with arms & ammunition they overawed & 
harrassed Marion's brigade so much that he was obliged 
to leave the inhabitants of the Cheraw District at home to 
protect their properties while he could only call out the 
people of Williamsburgh Township & the neighborhood of 
George Town; when a small party of the rebels ventured 
among them they were cut to pieces — ^when a large body 
invaded them, which they found they could not withstand 
they hung in small parties upon their skirts, harrassed them 
with false alarms, killed their sentries, drove in their 
pickets, & soon compelled them to leave the Country. It 
may not be improper to observe here that the Rebel Militia 
did not at all times turn out voluntarily under their leaders, 
for when they were averse to an expedition they compelled 


them on pain of death, & there have been often severe 
examples made of them. On the other hand the Little 
Pedee men only defended their own country & never went 
upon a more distant expedition than to Georgetown. The 
Rebel Militia from Bladen country in North Carolina at 
times also harassed the loyal inhabitants of Little Pedee, 
but with little effect. 

Lord Cornwallis had now marched into North Carolina," 
& Major Craig took post at Wilmington. If I have time 
I shall mention in general terms the subsequent transactions 
of the militia in that Province where about one half of the 
inhabitants are our friends. 

Lord Rawdon had no sooner taken the command than he 
found employment from Gen* Sumpter. 

That Partisan called a general muster of his people & 
told them that L** Cornwallis has gone into N. Car — to seek 
a grave for himself & his army, that L* Rawdon had only 
300 men at Camden & could not detach a man, that by 
making a sudden march to the Congaree they would sur- 
prise the Fort where they would get a quantity of stores 
& clothing — that by proceeding down the South side of 
Santee river they would be joined by McKay from Au- 
gusta, by Marion from Williamsburgh Township, that a 
general revolt would ensue, that all communication being 
cut off betwixt Camden & Charles Town, L* Rawdon would 
be compelled to evacuate that place & leave the back country, 
which would put an end to the war, & might be effected in 
a fortnight's time, after which they might return & plant 
their crops in peace forever after. This seemed so plaus- 
ible that they set out in the highest spirits being about 300 
men. They failed in surprising the Congaree Fort," but 
invested it closely, not dreaming that L* Rawdon could 
attempt its relief. In the third day they learnt that Col. 
Doyle with the volunteers of Ireland was crossing the river 
at a ford about 8 miles above. They were obliged to raise 

"He begfan his march northward on the 19th of January. 1781 — 
McCrady, So. Ca. in the Rev., 17S0-1783, pa^re 92. 

"Fort Granby. Sumter arrived there Feb. 19, 1781.— McCrady, 
i/So-'Ss, page 105. 


the seige & marched down the South side of the river ex- 
pecting to be joined by Marion who was to cross the Santee, 
& not expecting that the troops would follow them any 
distance from Camden. After they had proceeded about 
20 miles they got a fresh alarm, they learnt that Major 
M'Intosh with the 64"* Regiment, the cavalry of the N. 
York volunteers & a field piece was upon the march from 
Camden to McCords ferry after them, & that a detachment 
of troops & Militia from Ninety Six was approaching from 
that quarter, to add to their misfortune a party they had 
sent down the Congaree river to secure all the flats, canoes 
& boats there & on Santee for the purpose of crossing the 
river & making a junction with Marion, this party was 
surprised by some Militia & Regulars they had made pris- 
oners, & all the boats &c carried to our post at Wright's 
Bluflf. Sumpter's ruin seemed inevitable. He was left in 
an enemy's country with a large deep river before him, 
which he must cross to effect a retreat. In this dilemma 
Major M'Intosh's advance guard came in sight of his rear 
about 5 miles below Motte's house. To the astonishment 
of the whole province Maj. Mcintosh instantly retreated 
above him on their way home to the Waxaws, certain that 
having got two small canoes carried his men & swam his 
horses across Santee unmolested, altho' it took up two days 
to effect it. Having crossed Santee they thought them- 
selves safe, but they now found out that Col. Watson & 
500 men were just at hand. By a rapid march they got 
clear of him when they found that L** Rawdon with his own 
regiment was hurrying over from Camden after them. 
Being all mounted they gave his Lordship the slip & got 
about 4 miles, where he lay looking on while Sumpter 
all danger was over. In this they were again disappointed. 
L* Rawdon finding they had out marched him sent for 
Major Frazer" of the South Carolina Regiment to march 
with it & intercept them at Lynch's Creek." They had 
just crossed the creek when Maj. Frazer came up with 

"Probably Thomas Frazer of S. C, who was major of the S. C. 
Loyalists. — Sabine, American Loyalists. 

"March 6, 1781.-~McCrady, i78o-'83, p. 111. 


them who attacked them & routed their whole body in a few 
minutes. They were now exceedingly dejected; instead of 
300 men under L* Rawdon's command they had seen so 
many different detachments of troops superior to their 
whole force that they despaired of success & notwithstand- 
ing Sumpter who had carried off a number of negroes, 
offered one to every person who would enlist for ten months 
as a dragoon to form a body of State cavalry, he could 
hardly procure a single recruit & he began to grow ex- 
tremely unpopular. They raised so great a clamor against 
him for deceiving them with regard to L* Rawdon's 
strength that he was obliged at a muster to enter into a long 
vindication of his conduct. All this however was ineffect- 
ual, & Marions followers began also to lose all hopes. In 
short So. Car. seemed to be on the eve of peace. The 
transactions that succeeded I shall pass over only observing 
that L** Ravvdon adopted the plan of giving up sdl the Rebel 
Militia who were not prisoners of war to be tried by our 
Militia. This plan ought to have extended to all the rebel 
Militia without exception. At this period Gen* Green in- 
vaded this province what followed is publicly known. The 
more Lord Rawdons conduct is investigated the more 
blameless he will appear. We soon lost g^eat part of the 
back country, the cruelty exercised by the rebels on our 
Militia exceed all belief. Lord Rawdon finding he could 
not bring Green to action embarked for England on ac- 
count of his health." 

The battle of the Eutaws* quickly followed and our army 
lay in the neighborhood of Monks Corner within 37 miles 
of Charlestown and abandoned the back country. The 
rebels determined that no Tories should live among them, 
ordered them & their families within the British lines or in 
other words to Charlestown. At this time, or rather just 
after Lord Rawdon sailed the loyalists seemed to have 
acquired a new character, their situation & sufferings had 
made them desperate, they became familiar with danger & 
acquired the use of arms. According to the usual theory 

"August 2, 1781.—McCrady, 1780-* 83, p. 424. 
"September 9, 1781.— Ibid. p. 748. 


of this war, it might have been expected that all the country 
above our army would have revolted and turned their arms 
against us & I make no doubt that almost all the inhabitants 
of Charlestown who wrote to England at this time rep- 
resented the whole country as in the enemies hands, as they 
are in general perfectly ignorant of the back country the 
mistake may be natural but this was so far from being the 
case that from this place to what is called the Ridge betwixt 
Saluda & Edisto Rivers on the road to Ninety Six on one 
hand & from a few miles to the Southward of Santee to 
the Saltcatcher on the other, the inhabitants refused to 
submit to the rebels although left by the army & surrounded 
at most every hand the enemy who were in possession of 
Ninety Six district & the disaffected inhabitants of the 
Forks of Santee the country betwixt Saltketcher & Savan- 
nah river & all the Rice lands from thence to Ashley river 
having revolted gave the enemy possession of the country, 
in short, the whole province resembled a piece of patch 
work, the inhabitants of every settlement, when united in 
sentiment being in arms for the side they liked best & mak- 
ing continual inroads into one anothers settlements. The 
country betwixt Cooper river & Santee as far up as Monks 
Corner seemed to be in dispute, the inhabitants at the great- 
est distance from the garrison taking up arms & the others 
who were more in reach although friends in their hearts to 
the rebels, yet not being used to arms refused to turn out 
when called upon by Marion, & compounded the matter by 
paying fifty silver dollars in lieu of a years service. This 
was in Sept. when Gen* Green lay at the high hills of 
Santee. When our army came to the Quarter House & 
Gen* Green crossed Santee, the rebels made them turn out 
to a man, without regard to the contributions they had paid, 
the district of Ninety Six being all this while much divided 
in sentiment suffered severely, the tories in many places 
would neither submit nor go to Charlestown, they hid them- 
selves in the swamp, from whence they made frequent in- 
cursions upon their enemies, when opposed by a superior 
force they dispersed, when the storm blew over they em- 
bodied again & recommenced their operation. A petty 


partizan startel up in every settlement & headed the Whigs 
or Tories, both parties equally afraid of the other dared 
not sleep in their Houses, but concealed themselves in 
swamps, this is called lying out. Both parties were in this 
condition in general all over Ninety Six District & every 
other part of the province wherever it was checquered by 
this intersection of Whig & Tory settlements. 

Ninety Six district also suffered severely by the incur- 
sions of the loyal refugees, from the mountains on the one 
hand & from Charlestown on the other. As it had no great 
River or other natural boundary to defend it, nothing could 
prevent these incursions in a country covered with woods 
and "penetrable in every part/' The cruelties the Whigs 
exercised upon the Tories, which seemed to be carried to 
their utmost excess under the auspices of Gen* Green when 
he invaded the province, were now returned upon them 
with interest, and both parties in this petty, but sanguinary 
war displayed prodigies of military skill & address & seemed 
to breathe the extirpation of their enemies. In a large 
Rebel settlement at a distance from a Tory country, the 
people were at peace except upon the alarm of a Tory in- 
vasion, & the center of Orangeburg District being in the 
heart of an extensive friendly country, was also at peace 
the people sleeping safely in their houses, nay they enjoyed 
so much tranquillity that many of the loyal refugees who 
came from Ninety-Six as late as August & Sept stopped in 
that country at the distance of lOO miles from Charles 
Town & leased plantations. The inhabitants there used to 
say that if our army kept off Gen* Green's they could defend 
themselves. In Nov. Gen* Green crossed the Santee & our 
army retreated to the Quarter House, giving up the whole 
country. Greene sent Gen* Sumpter with a detachment of 
400 men to take post at Orangeburg & to reduce that 
Country. He pub* a general pardon to all who would sub- 
mit except two. Our friends there did not upon this de- 
termine to submit. Maj. Giessandanoer, the commanding 
officer there sent an express to Gen* Lesly requesting as- 
sistance, & in the mean time kept Sumpter pretty much 
within his pickets, but unfortunately no assistance could 


be given them. After a few weeks the people disheartened 
by being unsupported, gradually made a submission to the 
enemy, but the war was now too far advanced & both par- 
ties too much irritated against each other to coalesce easily. 
It was no uncommon thing for a party to submit & in a few 
days to turn their arms against their new master. The 
swamps were filled with loyalists, the rebels durst not sleep 
in their houses, & Sumpter irritated by the hostility of the 
Country, got the Catawba Indians to track the loyalists 
from the swamps, w** were at the same time traversed by 
large parties of armed rebels to kill or take the tories. Gies- 
sandanner was made a prisoner & without the least regard 
to the established cartel, he was thrown into the common 
jail, stripped to his shirt & breeches & threatened to have 
his two sons, boys ab* lo or 12 yrs old carried off & made 
drummers to a continental regiment. He was therefore 
under the necessity of submitting to them. Our friends 
from thence & the other parts of the country are daily 
taking refuge in this place & it is certain that such as have 
submitted are more irritated than ever & eagerly disposed 
to revolt, while the rebels themselves disgusted with the 
abuses of Gen* Greene's army & their own government find 
in many places that they have not changed masters for the 
better. The loyalists on Little Pedee, alarmed at the 
evacuation of George Town last June entered into a 
truce for three months with Marion who gladly embraced 
the opportunity of disarming a hardy & intrepid race of 
men whom he had never been able to crush & which would 
enable him to call the inhabitants of Big Pedee & the Che- 
raws District from the defence of their properties to aug- 
ment his brigade, besides they were so powerfully backed 
by the extensive loyal country in North Carolina & coun- 
tenanced by the post at Wilmington that he had nothing to 
hope from force, therefore agreeing to the truce was re- 
moving a most troublesome thorn from his own side — at 
the end of three months the truce was renewed for nine 
more w** expired the 17*" of June next. When the truce 
was first made the inhabitants of the Northern parts of that 
country furtherest removed from Marion's adherents, re- 


fused to accede to it — ^looking upon it as a timid & ignomi- 
nious measure, & blamed Capt Ganey the officer who made 
it with Marion. They accordingly put themselves under 
Maj. Craigs command at Wilmington & continued in arms; 
but upon the evacuation of that post they found it their 
interest to accede to it. That country is the only place in 
these two provinces, except Charles Town & James Island 
where the British government is at present established. 
They muster regularly once a month agreeable to our militia 
law & have a general muster once in three months. At 
their particular request L' Col. Balfour commandant of 
this place has lately appointed Justices of peace among 
them, a regulation highly necessary to enable them to as- 
certain disputed property. They often come to this place 
in boats & the commandant always loads them back with 
salt gratis & supplies them with ammunition. Marion has 
behaved with great good faith towards them & ordered his 
people when they stop any of their boats to suffer them to 
pass unmolested unless they find ammunition aboard. 

The country comprehended in the truce has furnished a 
safe asylum for the loyal refugees from N. Ca. who are 
suffered to settle among them upon promising to observe 
conditions of the truce. 

This has given great umbrage to the N. Car. rebels. 
Gen* Rutherford who commands the Militia Brigade from 
Mecklenburg & Salisbury is a perfect savage & bears the 
most rancorous hatred to Tories. He has lately made a 
peremptory demand that all the N. Ca. refugees shall be 
delivered up. This requisition our officers there with great 
spirit have refused to comply with, declaring that no 
peacable man who applies to them for protection and ob- 
senses the conditions of the truce shall be delivered up. I 
expect shortly to hear that hostilities have ensued. In the 
mean time our friends there are in great spirits, being much 
elated with the Kings' Speech & with the check Marion rec* 
lately from Col. Thomson.* 

Upon hearing of this last affair they had public rejoicing 

"Sir Benjamin Thompson. Count R'utnford; this defeat of Ma- 
rion's men took place Feb. 25, 1782.— McCrady, lySo-'Ss, pp. 603-605. 


for three days. At present they seem determined to repel 
force by force, but being totally unsupported they are 
unequal to the contest. When they fall they will give but 
a small accession of strength to the enemy as they never 
will be able to get them to do any duty which is at present 
an indispensable preliminary with all who join them. Want 
of room prevents me from saying an)rthing with regard to 
N. Ca. where one half of the people are our friends & 
where with only the countenance of 300 Brit, troops in 
Wilmington the loyalists had like to have over turned the 
rebel gov*. A sufficient proof of the fallacy of that kind 
of reasoning which in a war of this nature, where every 
man is a soldier, estimates the strength of a country from 
the number of regular troops of w*" an arniy is composed, 
without regarding the dispositions of the inhab* of the 
country w** is the seat of war. By attending to this we 
shall be able to ace* for the success of the royal cause in N. 
Ca. & in some measure the misfortunes that attended it here. 
In the above remarks I have only mentioned such cir- 
cumstances of the ill fortune that attended our exertions, 
exclusive of Cornwallis's fall. The want of a sufficient con- 
currence on the part of the people compelled L* Rawdon to 
leave the back country after having missed of crushing 
Green's army. To that & to G^n* Greene invading the 
province when we had not a sufficient force to meet him in 
the field & at the same [time] to perserve our outposts, we 
are to attribute the loss of the country. Had L* Cornwallis 
followed Gen. Greene to the Southward or had the re- 
inforcements from Ireland arrived a month sooner, in either 
of these cases, we should have had an army in the field 
superior to Greene's & all our posts would have been safe, 
w*" would have soon crushed any internal insurrection that 
took place ; & we should have been in the same situation as 
we were before L* Cornwallis marched into N. Car — ^when 
he lay at Winnsboro & obliged Green to keep a respectful 
distance at the Waexaws. But not having a sufficient 
army in the field, enabled Greene to reduce our outposts 
especially as L* Rawdon had not sufficient warning of L* 
Cornwallis' going into Virginia, w*" prevented him from 


withdrawing his posts in time to form a sufficient army — 
but even if he could have effected this issue the measure 
would have been ruinous because removing the posts would 
have laid open the whole country to the enemy. 

The re-inforcements not having arrived until the posts 
were broke up rendered their re-establishment impossible 
without crushing the enemys army. 

Should offensive measures be attempted here with a view 
to reduce this country the enemies army must be destroyed 
or driven away, posts must be established & an army kept 
on the frontiers to prevent any attempts from the North- 
ward, & the militia must be embodied. I am aware that the 
general opinion of the merchants in Charles Town is that 
every person must be disarmed & the protection of the 
country left to the troops only. If I had time I could 
demonstrate this to be impossible. Every man must take 
a side if he submits to our gov*, if he is averse to personal 
service let him find a substitute or pay a stipulated sum in 
money. This is the method the rebels have adopted. Let 
these men serve six months properly regimented & in the 
meantime let the militia who stay at home do patrol duty 
to preserve internal peace. Whenever this Militia is 
formed, the life of a Militia man when a prisoner must be 
considered to be as sacred as that of a regular soldier. The 
rebel Militia when prisoners must be at the disposal in the 
first instance of the royal Militia with the approbation of 
the Commander in Chief. Before the reduction of Charles- 
town, the loyalists promised I suppose great assistance in 
w" they were sincere — but men cannot be taken from the 
plough & made veterans in a short time. This is only to be 
acquired by hard service & long experience. The loyalists 
in this Province, as well as the S. parts of N. Car — have 
now reached that point. If ever our army take the field 
they will give a powerful assistance. Ninety-Six & Orange- 
burg Districts would be recovered by their own inhabitants 
& they would not be easily dispossessed again. Indeed 
whatever the issue of the campaign might be, it would be 
the most calamitous period that ever this Province saw, for 
the loyal refugees inflamed with the loss of their properties 


& relations, & loyalists who have now submitted irritated 
with the indignities & abuses of a gov' they hate would 
make severe retaliations. Every man exclusive of his at- 
tachment to the Common Cause would have a number of 
private injuries to revenge. The same appearances would 
take place in N. Car., but on a much larger scale as the 
loyalists there are so much more numerous. 

The above observations have fallen far short of the idea 
I wished to convey but before I conclude I cannot avoid 
remarking that all our friends who come in at present from 
the country are prodigiously irritated against the enemy. 

After staying sometime in town they, become often dis- 
satisfied & disgusted & many of them go out & submit. 

But they have no sooner submitted in a fit of pique than 
they return to their former principles from the insults & 
indignities they suflFer from the enemy — every man of 
whom if he has lost any property by any part of the British 
army in which the other served, compels him in pain of 
death to make restitution, so that many of them are wholly 
ruined besides many after receiving pardon are killed by 
those who have them in bondage. 


(Continued from the April number.) 


Barnard Elliott C Town Susanna Smith S. C Town 

Isaac Motte C Town Catherine Deas S C Town 
W" Moultrie Jun' C Town Hannah Ainslie S. S* George. 
Henry Middleton C Town Lady Mary Ainslie W. S* 

Isaac MTherson S* Pauls Sarah Perry S. S* Pauls Feb : 
W"* Gerard Debrahm Sur : Gen* S : D : Mary Fenwick W 

C Town [Feb.] 18 
Archar Smith C Town Florence Waring S. S* Geo: 

Benj" Legare C Town Alice Cox S C Town [Mar] 7 
John McPherson P W^'p: Susanna Miles S. S* Pauls 
W" Scott Jun' : C Town Jane Bruce S. C C P [Mar.] 

Capt" Cha" Heatly Ann Sabb S April 

Gen' Christopher Gadsden C Town Ann Wragg S. C 

William M'^Gilvray Ann Hinckley 
George Mathewes C Town Mary Saltus S. Dorchester 

May 2 
Capt Edward Richardson Rachel Heatly S. S* Mathew 
Henry Nicolls S' Pauls Sarah Fuller S. S* And" 
John Simmons P W"'p: Susannah Hayne S. S' Paul 

[May] 21. 
Samuel Legare C Town Eleanor Hoyland S. C Town 

[May 21] 
Rev* Piercy Orphanhouse Cath: Elliott' S C Town 

[May] 18 

*She was the daughter of Barnard Elliott, (who died 1758,) and 
his wife, Elizabeth Boisgard, and grand-daughter of William Elliott, 
(who died 1738, aged 78 years,) and his wife, Katherine Schenddng. 
The Rev. William Piercy was sent to America in 1773, by Selina, 
Countess of Huntingdon, to be the president and manager of the 
Bethesda Orphan House and College, in (Georgia. 


George Harland Hartly Org. S' Phil: Elis: Cummings 

S. C Town July. 
Col* James Mayson 3 Reg\ Henrietta Hart S. S* 

Johns Aug*. 
William Bellamy S* Pauls Martha Baker* W. Dorch' : 
Roger Parker Sanders' S* Pauls. Amarinthia Lowndes 

S. C Town Sep: 26 
Press Smith* C Town Elis: Miles S. S* Pauls Oct': 
James Weir Elis: Baird S 
Patrick Moon Martha Forest S. 

John Walters Gibbes C Town Amar : Badely S C Town 
Peter Smith C Town Mary Middleton* S C. Town 

Jn* Ernest Poyas C Town Mary Schwartzkop W. C 

Thomas Hemmet C Town. Charlotte Kirk W. 
Rich**. Wainwright, C Town Ann Dewar' S. Dec': 
Rev*. Hill Susannah Green W* C Town 


Wm Mathewes Jn**s Island Elis: Coachman' S S* 

James Jan' 
Peter Bounetheau C Town Elis : Weyman* S. C Town 
Solomon Milner C Town Ann. Ash*' S. C Town 
John Abercrombie C Town Sarah Mitchell" W. C Town 
Peter Bottiton Mary Air" W. C Town 

*She was the widow of D'. Richard Baker; South Carolina and 
American General Gazette, August 21, 1776. 

"Capt. Roger Sanders of the 1st Regiment, to the amiable Miss 
Amarintha Lowndes, daughter of the Hon. Rawlins Lowndes; Esq. — 
South Carolina and American General Gazette, Sept. 25, 1776. 

/Lieut. Pres. Smith to Miss Elizabeth Miles, daughter of Silas 
Miles, Esq., deceased. — Ibid., Oct. 9. 

•Daughter of Hon. Henry Middleton, Esq. — Ibid. Nov. 21. 

•Daughter of Charles Dewar, deceased. — Ibid. Dec. 12. 

Widow of Nathaniel Greene.— Ibid. Dec. 19. 

•DaVifghter of William Coachman, deceased. — Ibid. Jan. 16, 1777. 

•Daughter of Edward Weyman. — Ibid. 

"Daughter of Cato Ash, deceased. — Ibid. 

"Widow of Moses Mitchell.— Ibid. 

"Widow of William Air.— Ibid. 


Mathias Hutchinson C Town Elis: Brandford" M. S* 

John Bennet Mary Godfrey S. 
Tho' Ferguson St Pauls Ann VVragg S 
Morton Waring S* George Edith Waring S. Dor- 
Solomon Freer Jn" Island Ann Mathewes" W. C Town 

Feb: i 
Hopson Pinckney C Town Elis: Cannon" S C Town 
Elisha Sawyer W Indies Ann Blake" S. C Town 
M'Cartan Campbell C Town Sarah Fenwicke" S C 

Isaac Dubois Cath : Dutarque S C Town Mar. 
Peter Fayssoux D'. C Town Ann Johnson" W. S* 

Wiir Rudhall C Town Mary Miller S C Town 
Capt" Jn** M'Call C Town Ann Lesesne" S. Dan" Isl* 

D'. James Air C Town Elis: Legare" S C Town 
James Toussiger Marg* Ball" S 
Rob* Rivers x\nn Hunscombe" Jn*. Island 
Cap' : Joseph Glover S* Bart : Ann Webb" W S' Bart : 
W" Wayne C Town Esther Trezevant** S. C Town 

May 8. 
John Bryan C Town Rachel Simons* C Town April 


"Widow of Barnet Brand ford.— Ibid. 

"Widow of Benjamin Mathewes, Esq. — Ibid., Feb. 13, 1777. 

"Daughter of I)aniel Cannon. — Ibid.. Feb. 6. 

"Daughter of Edward Blake, Esq.— Ibid. 

"Daughter of Hon. Edward Fenwicke, Esq., deceased. — Ibid., Feb. 
27. 1777. 

"Widow of William Johnston, Esq.— Ibid., March 20. 1777, 

"Daughter of Thomas Lesesne, Esq., deceased. — Ibid., April 10, 

^Daughter of Solomon Legare, Sen. — Ibid. 

"I>aughter of Samuel Ball, deceased.— Ibid., April 17, 1777. 

"Ann Hanscome, daughter of Thomas Hanscomc. — Ibid., April 24, 

"Capt. Joseph Glover, Jun., to the amiable Mrs. Ann Webb, widow 
of the late Benjamin Webb.. Esq., . . . Ibid., May 1, 1777. 

"Daughter of the deceased Mr. Daniel Trezevant, Ibid., May 8^ 

"Daughter of the deceased Benj. Simons, Esq. — Ibid., May 1, 1777. 


James McCall C Town Ann Dart" S C Town April 

John Harleston" S* Johns Elis: Lynch S. Santee May 
Edward Trescot C Town Cath: Bouquet S C Town 
Jonathan Lawrence C Town Elis : Daniel S Dan*' Isl*. 
George Cogdell Capt": 5'*^ Reg ; Mary Stevens S C 

Town 1 1 

Sam* Miller Esther Morgan S 
Henry Byers. Cath : Delka" S. 

Richard Cole C Town Ann Boomer* S C Town 29 
John Wilson** Marg' Hazell S June 
W". Long C Town Elis: Kirkwood" W. C Town 
David Dubois" Susannah MoncriefF S. C Town July 
John Saunders Martha Hunt" W. 

David Douglas" Weatherford W. Augusta 

George Cooke C Town. Eleanor Wade W. C Town 

[July] 17. 
Charles Dupont S* Luke Sarah Coachman" S St Johns. 
Thomas Hendlin Mary Arnold" W. 
D' Francis Walder Marshall Ja' Isl* Mary Hinds" S 

C Town Aug*. 
Charles Qiflford S* Bart Elis: Perry" S S* Pauls 

Sept' II 
Richard Singellton S' Bart Marg* Darquier S S* Bart 

Oct'. 13 

"Daughter of the Hon. Benj. Dart, Esq.— Ibid., May 8, 1777. 

"John Harleston, Jun., Esq., to Miss Elizabeth Lynch, daughter of 
the deceased Thomas Lynch, Esq. — Ibid. 

••Daughter of Mr. John Delka.— Ibid.. May 29, 1777. 

"Daughter of Jacob Boomer. — Ibid. 

*^*At Georgetown, Mr. John Wilson to Miss Margaret Hazell, 
da-righter of the deceased Thomas Hazell. Esq."— Ibid, June 12, 1777. 

"Widow of the deceased Mr. Alex. Kirkwood.— Ibid, June 26, 1777. 

"''Lieut. David Dubois to Miss Susanna Muncreef, daughter of Mr. 
Richard Muncreef."— Ibid, July 10, 1777. 

"Widow of Joseph Hunt of Godfrey's Savannah. — Ibid. 

"**Mr. David Douglas to Miss Weatherford, daughter of Martin 
Weatherford, Esq., of Augusta."— Ibid. 

"Daughter of Benjamin Coachman, Esq. — Ibid, July 17, 1777. 

"Widow of Thomas Arnold.— Ibid. 

"Daughter of Patrick Hinds.— Ibid, August 28, 1777. 

"Daughter of the deceased Josiah Perry.— Ibid, Sept. 11, 1777. 


Thomas Smith S' Barth Jane Young" S. C Town 

Nov' II 
David Burgher C Town Mary Nelmes S 
Gabriel Capers C C P Sarah Lloyd* S C Town 
Benj' Smith** C Town Sarah Dry S. N Carol: 19 
John Withers Frances Gray" S. 
Abram Mendas Sexias Ricksy Hart" S. C Town 
Jn* Blake" C Town Marg* Mercier S. C Town [Nov.] 

Cor Isaac Motte" C Town Mary Broughton S. St 

Johns. [Dec] 18 
D' James Perry S* Pauls Frances Hunter S C Town 

Dec' 16. 
Edmond Fitzpatrick Sarah Potter W C Town. 
Thomas Cochran Susannah Hawie" W. C Town 


Wiir Heyward S* Lukes Hannah Shubrick" S. C Town 

Jan' I. 
Othniel Giles C Town Lady Jane Colleton" W S' Johns 
Joseph Moore Ann Taylor" W. 
Tobias Cambridge C Town Elizabeth Wood" S. C 

Capt" John Mowat C Town Mary Ash" S C Town 

"Daughter of Thomas Young.— Ibid, Nov. 6, 1777. 

^•Daughter of William Lloyd, deceased.— Ibid, Nov. 6. 1777. 

**Benj. Smith, Jun., Esq., to Miss- Sarah Dry, daughter of the Hon. 
William Dry, Esq. — Ibid. 

^•Daughter of Henry Gray, Esq., deceased. — ^Ibid. 

*^'Capt. Abraham Mendas Sexias, to Miss Ritsey Hart, daughter of 
Mr. Joshua Hart"— Ibid. 

**"Capt. John Blake to Miss Margaret Mercier, daughter of the 
deceased Capt. Peter Mercier." — Ibid, Nov. 27, 1777. 

*"Col. Isaac Motte, of the 2d regiment, to Miss Mary Broughton, 
daughter of the deceased Alexander Broughton, Esq. — Ibid, Jan. 1, 

^•Widow of Robert Hawie.— Ibid, Dec. 25, 1777. 

•'Daughter of the Hon. Thomas Shubrick, Esxi.— Ibid, Jan. 8, 1778. 

••Widow of the deceased Sir John Colleton, Bart. — ^Ibid. 

••Widow of John Taylor. — Ibid. 

"•Daughter of William Wood, deceased.— Ibid. 

"Daughter of Cato Ash, deceased.— Ibid, Jan. 29, 1778. 


Paul Taylor Martha Miller" S 
Joseph Lafar C Town Cath Boillat" S C Town 
Major Sam* Wise 3* Reg* : Ann Beattie" W. S' Bart : 
W" Taggart L* 3' Reg': Mary Haly" W Hamstead. 
W" Vaux Geo Town Ann Pawley" S. Waccamaw 

Richard Perry S' Paul Helen Hunter" S. C Town 
Albert Aemey Mullen Magdalen Martin" 
David Fred\ Cruger Isabella Liston S Feb' 
D' Cornelius Dysart Charity Jack" S N*. Car. 
Capt: Qement Conyers 5 Reg* Francis Snell Mar. 
Andrew Dewees Cath : Chicken" S. 

Thomas Withers Deveaux" W 

Paul Walter C Town Ann Geigleman" S S* Bart 

Joseph Badger. Mary Forest S. April. 

Jn* Waring Jun' : S* George Ann Smith" S S* Johns 

W" Roach Mary Campbell C C P 

John Peak Elizabeth Harvey S. 

Capt : Tho" Shubrick 5 Reg*. Mary Branf ord S S* Pauls. 

George Barksdale C C P Mary Daniel" C Town 

Richard Latham C Town Grace Forbes S. 

Joseph Waring S* George Mary loor" S. S* George 


"Daughter of William Miller. — Ibid. 

"Daughter of David Boilliat.— Ibid. 

•*Widow of Francis Beatty.— Ibid, Feb. 5, 1778. 

"Widow of Dr. John Haly.— Ibid. 

"Daughter of Capt. Percival Pawley.— Ibid, Feb. 12, 1778. 

"Dalighter of James Hunter, deceased.— Ibid, Feb. 19, 1778. 

"Daughter of the Rev. Mr. Nicholas Martin, pastor to the Luth- 
eran Qiurch in Qiarlestown. — Ibid. 

"Daughter of Patrick Jack of N. Carolina.— Ibid. Feb. 26, 1778. 

"Daughter of William Chicken, deceased.— Ibid, March 19, 1778. 

"Widow of Andrew Deveaux. — Ibid; also, Thomas Withers and 
Mary Caroline Deveaux, married, April 8, 1778. — Annals & Registers 
of St. Thomas & St. Denis Parish, S, C. 

"Daughter of the deceased Mr. Emanuel Giegleman. — South Caro- 
lina and American General Gazette^ Mar. 26, 1778. 

"Daughter of Henry Smith, Esq; of Goose Creek. — Ibid, April 16> 

"Daughter of the deceased John Daniel, Esq.— Ibid, April 30, 1778. 

"Daughter of John loor, Esq; deceased. — Ibid. May, 7, 1778. 


Thomas Waring S* George Martha Waring" S S* 

George May 
W" Nisbett C Town Jane Scott S. 
Stolberg Adler C Town Ann Rodgaman S. 
Capt: Jn° Evans Mary Anderson S 
John Rose Susannah Ton* S. 
George Rout Ann Parker" W. 
Jacob Valk C Town Ann Roberts" W C Town 
Jn" Splatt Crips C Town Elizabeth Farr" S C Town 

June 2. 
W" Hardy, watchmaker C Town Cotton S. [June] 


Jacob Nichau Esther Cromwell S [June] 8 

Charles Harris C Town Ann Padgett S [June] 25 

James Leison [ ?] C Town Rebecca Hinds S. C Town 

July 2. 
John Lesesne Mary Frederick" S July 2. 
Capt: Philip Sullivan Susannah Shackleford S. 9 
W" Dewees Frances Forcey 18 

Rev* Christ : Streight :" Rect : L : C : C Town Mary Hoof 

S [July] 23. 
John Dedier Beaufort Marg* Cook W. S* Helena, [July] 

Nicolas Smith Goldsmith C Town Mary Cripps W. 

Aug' 8 
William Glaze C Town Ann Nevin W. C Town 

[Aug.] 23. 
Thomas Rivers Ja' Isl*. Marg* Warham" S C Town 

[Aug]. 27 
Richard Woodcraft S* Bart Rizpah Rivers" S S' 

And"": [Aug]. 2j, 

"Daughter of the deceased Mr. John Waring. — Ibid. 

""John Rose, Esq; to Miss Stfsaiinah Ton, daughter of the de- 
ceased Capt. George Ton. — Ibid, May 14, 1778. 

"Widow of George Parker,, merchant. — Ibid, May 22, 1778. 

"Widow of Dr. Wm. Roberts.—Ibid, May 2a 1778. 

"Daughter of Thomas Farr. 

"Daughter of the deceased Mr. Jeremiah Frederick.— Ibid, July 
9, 1778. 

"Rev. Mr. Christian Streight, Pastor of the Lutheran Church in 
this town, to Miss Mary Hoof. — Ibid. July 30, 1778. 

"Daughter of Charles Warham.— Ibid, Sept. 3, 1778. 

"Daughter of John Rivers, deceased.— Ibid. 


Cornelius Schermerhorn Carolina Snyder" S C Town. 

[Aug]. 20. 
William Day S' Bart Elisabeth Postell" S S* Bart 

Sep 3 
Abraham Sasportassa C Town Rebecca Dacosta S C 

Town [Sept] i6 
Capt: James Ladson i'* Reg*: Judith Smith" S. C Town 

Oct' I 
Andrew Hazell Mary Milner" S. [Oct] 15 
Capt : Tho' Gadsden i" Reg* : Martha Fenwicke" S. C 

Town [Oct.] 15 
Thomas Elfe C Town Mary Padgett S. [Oct] 29 
Robert Morrow Elis: Wood W. C Town Nov' i. 
Andrew Leitch S* Pauls Cath : Spooler" W S* Paul 
John Holmes Helen Boomer" S [Nov.] 5 
John Stocks** S F Bart Margaret Young S C Town 

[Nov] 10 
D' Oliver Hart C Town Sarah Brockington S. C 

Town [Nov]. 19 
Cap: Benj" Mathewes Jn' Isl*. Martha Mathewes" S 

Jn' Isl^ 19. 
James Edwards C Town Rebecca Fripp"* S S* Helena. 
Alex' Rantowle" Eleanor Rantowle S 
Henry Welch Mary Brenan W 12 
Capt Jno la Boularderie de Treville, Artillery Sarah 

Wilkinson S. Port royal. Dec' 
Edward Hanahan Elis: Doyley S Dec' 13 

"Daughter of Paul Snyder.— Ibid. 

"Daughter of the deceased James Postell, Esq; of Dorchester. — 
Ibid, Sept. 24, 1778. 

"Daughter of Hon. Benj. Smith, Esq; deceased.— Ibid, Oct. 8, 1778. 

"Daughter of Job Milner, Esq; deceased.— Ibid, Oct. IS, 1778. 

"Daughter of the Hon. Edward Fenwicke, Esq; deceased. — Ibid. 

"Widow of George Spooler.— Ibid, Nov. 12, 1778. 

"Daughter of John Boomer.— Ibid. 

■**'Mr. John Stokes, to Miss Margaret Young, daughter of Mr. 
Thomas Young."— Ibid. 

"Da'u'ghter of Wm. Mathewes, deceased.— Ibid— Nov. 26, 1778. 

••Daughter of Capt. John Fripp, of St. Helena. — Ibid. 

"**Mr. Alexander Rantowles to Mis^ Eleanor Wardrobe." — Ibid, 
Dec. 3, 1778. 


Richard Moncreef C Town Elis: Young" S S* Nath: 

[Dec] \^ 
Abraham Seaver Hannah M'Grath S [Dec] 20 
W" Scott Jun' CTown Elis : Rivers" S Ja' Isl* [Dec]. 

Capt : Benj : Tucker Sarah Balantine S. 22 
Thomas Middleton Crowfield Elis: Deas S. C Town 

Dec' 22 
Samuel Mordecai Cath: Andrews" [Dec.] 23 
Capt : Alex' Boyce 6*^ Reg* Cath Othelia McAllister W. 

[Dec] 28. 
W" Trusler C Town Jane Anderson" S C Town 

[Dec]. 31 
Thomas Roche S* Tho' Ann Marion S [Dec] 31 


Isaac Holmes C Town Elizabeth Air W. C Town 

Jan' 5 
Joseph Wigfall C C P Sarah Shackleford W [Jan] 21 
Alex' Rose C Town Marg' Smith" S N. York [Jan] 

Francis Bonneau Hannah Elfe* S C Town 
Edward Davies Savannah Rebecca Lloyd S Savannah 

W" Blamyer Elis : Lesesne S S' Tho' 
Charles Simmons Mary Miller S [Mar.] 18 
Peter Belin Santee Elis: Gwinnet S Georgia [Mar.] 

Jeremiah Rose Susannah Stent S. 
John Singellton Jane Miller S 
Henry Hughes Santee Susannah Bothwell W 
W" Royal Ja' Isl*. Martha Samways S. 

"Daughter of Major William Young, deceased. — Ibid. Dec. 24, 1778. 
"Daughter of Jonathan Rivers, deceased, — Ibid, Dec. 31, 1778. 
"Daughter of Abraham Andrews.— Ibid, Dec. 24, 1778. 
"Daughter of the deceased Mr. Hugh Anderson. — Ibid, Dec. 31, 

"Daughter of the Hon. William Smith, Esq.— Ibid Jan. 21, 1779. 
•^Daughter of Thomas- Elfe, deceased.— Ibid. 


Sam' Doble Sarah Bosomworth S. 

David Mezzer Sarah Dacosta S 

Daniel Stevens C Town Mary Adams W Port Royal 

W" Mitcheel Carpt': Ruth Thomson W 
Stephen Baker** Georgia Martha Fuller S S* And'' 
W" Wilkinson S* Pauls Marg* Wilkinson S S* Pauls 
Capers Boone Mary Boyd S C Town 
Capt And' Quelch Sarah Fyffe W 
Jn* Hext S* Pauls Elis: Cheesborough S. S* Bart: 
Thomas Tims Ann Hext S 

Stephen Lawrence C Town. Jane Givens S P' Royal 
Jn* Gabriel Guinard High Hills Elis. Sanders High Hills 

George loor Frances Guignard 
D' Jn* Cater Susannah Tubear S June 
Major Tho' Pinckney i" Reg* : Elis : Motte S C Town 

July 22 
Capt : Benj Stone Ja' Island Love Rivers" S John Hart 

Elis : Holson W 
Capt : W" Ransom Davis 5 Reg* : Eleanora Norville S. 

Wateree April 
Edmond Petrie C Town Ann Peronneau** S C Town 

Aug* 22 
John Hart Elis : Holson W [July] 
Gershom Cohen Rebecca Sarsedas" S. 
Stephen Guerry S* Tho*. Frances Michau S 
W" Bull C Town Elis: Reid" S S* Bart. [Aug.] 26. 
W" Moultrie Brig' : General : Hannah Lynch*' C Town 

Nathaniel Farr" S* Pauls Elis : Smith W. S* Pauls. 

""Mr. Stephen Baker, son of Col. John Baker, late of Georg-ia, to 
Miss Martha Fuller, daughter of William Fuller, Esq; deceased/* — 
Ibid. April 23, 1779. 

•^Daughter of Col. Robert Rivers.— Ibid, July 30. 1779. 

•*Daughter of Alexander Peronneau, Esq; deceased. — Ibid, August 
27, 1779. 

"Daughter of Abraham Sarzidas, deceased, of Georgia. — Ibid. 

••William Bull, jun. Esq; to Miss Elizabeth Reid, daughter of the 
deceased Dr. Reid. — Ibid. 

"Widow of the Hon. Thomas Lynch, Esq.— Ibid, Oct. 15, 1779. 

"^'John Farr to Mrs Smith, widow of Mr. Press Smith, deceased." — 
Ibid, Sept. 24, 1779. 


Capt Jn* Wilson S* Pauls Mary Ladson" W Jn^ Island 

Sep* 2* 
Dan' Tucker Geo Town Elis : Hyrne"* S C Town 
John Waring C Town Mary Hamlin W Dorchester. 
Walter Izard S* George Mary Fenwicke S C Town 

John David Miller Jane Righton" S 
Thomas Broughton S' Johns Susannah Donnom"* S C 

Town [Nov]. 18 
Edgar Wells Claudia Bennet S. 
Capt : Alex' : Keith 5 Reg* : Susannah Bulline * S Ash : 

River Dec' 2. 
John Singellton Jun' S* Bart : Dorothy Johnson S Pee- 

dee [Dec]. 2. 
Joseph Perry Ann Stevens. 

[Col. Hayne's record of marriages, like that of the deaths, 
ends in December, 1779. The rest of the "J^^^^nal," as it is 
labeled on the parchment cover, is taken up with plantation 
notes, which will be printed in the following issues of the 
magazine. — Editor. ] 

••Widow of Capt. Thomas Ladson.— Ibid, Oct. 1, 1779. 
'"Daughter of the late Col Henry Hyrne.— Ibid. 
'"Daughter of Mr. M'Culy Righton.— Ibid, Oct. 29, 1779. 
'•"Daughter of James Donnom, Esq; deceased. — ^Ibid, Nov. 19, 1779. 
'^•Daughter of ]ohn Bullinc, Esq; deceased.— Ibid, Dec. 10. 1779. 




(Contributed by Henry A. M. Smith,) 

The Parish Church of the Parish of St. John's, Berkley, 
commonly called Biggin Church, is situated at the head of 
Cooper river between Biggin (or Biggon) creek and Wad- 
boo creek. It stands on the rise of the hill as the public road 
leaves Biggin swamp on the way to the bridge across Wad- 
boo creek. 

The parish was created by the Church Act of 1706. By 
deed dated 5th Deer., 1712, Landgrave John Colleton gave 
three acres of land '*being upon Tipicop Haw Hill in the 
"Barony of Watboo belonging to the said John Colleton, 
"the said three acres of land being for the scite of the said 
"Parish Church of St. John and to be a cemetery or church- 

Dalcho states that the church was begun in 1710 and 
finished in the following year.* If so, the gift of the land 
must have preceded the date of the deed. 

The word Tipicop Haw is frequently written and called 
Tippy-cut-law. The church building was destroyed by fire 
in 1755* but was rebuilt, and in 1763 was a brick church 60 
feet by 40 in the clear.* The parish was an extended one, 
with a well-to-do population, and had at one time two chap- 
els of ease appendant to the Parish Church, viz: one at 
Strawberry ferry (or Childsbury) and the other near the 
45-mile house on the public road. 

During the revolutionary war Biggin Church, being a 
strong brick building, was fortified by the British and used 
as a depot for supplies and munitions for the army. In July 
1 78 1, Col. Coates, the British commander, finding it nec- 

'M. C O. Charleston Bk B. 3 p. 611. 
'Dalcho, p. 265. 
Ibid, p. 270. 
*IbiH. p. 271. 


essary to abandon the post and retreat towards Charleston, 
gathered all his stores into the church and set fire to them 
and to the building,* which was very badly injured by the 
fire. After the close of the war the church was repaired 
and incorporated* by the name of "The Vestry and 
Churchwardens of "the Episcopal Church of St. John's, 
Berkley County." The church was used as a place of di- 
vine worship until the Civil War, and escaped the general 
destruction meted out by the Federal commands, to struc- 
tures in the low country of South Carolina, whether sec- 
ular or sacred. While the physical structure survived, the 
result of the social, economical and political destruction of 
the Civil War was that the congregation of worshippers 
were dispersed and pauperized, and after the close of the 
War the building was but very occasionally used for the 
purposes of Divine worship. It gradually fell into decay 
and the roof fell in. Whilst in that condition it took fire, 
supposedly from forest fires in the vicinity, and all the 
woodwork was destroyed. To meet urgent needs of the 
parish it was attempted to sell the old bricks, and a portion 
of the walls were taken down for that purpose, but so firm 
and binding was the old mortar in which they were set, 
that the cost of cleaning the bricks was found to be too 
great and the attempt was abandoned. 

In March, 1899, the western and southern walls were 
standing to the height of about 14 or 15 feet from the 
ground. The northern and eastern walls were gone. On 
a visit to the church and cemetery in March, 1899, ^ copy 
was made of the inscriptions on the old stones, and the 
following is given as the result. 

The graveyard was in parts quite grown up and the 
writer cannot say either that the inscriptions here given 
cover all in the church-yard or that they are given as ex- 
actly correct. The time afforded was too short for cer- 
tainty on these points. Further the formal dedication, viz : 
the words "Sacred to the memory of," or "The memory 
of," or "Here lies, etc," are omitted, as are likewise 

•McCrady, Vol. 4., p. 332. 
•Dalcho, p. 272. 


frequently the memorial verses, the scriptural quotations, 
and the extended tributes of piety or affection. All that 
was taken down, in most cases, were the bare facts — 
names and dates, etc. 

In the churchyard, to the north of the church, were the 
ruins of apparently two large underground vaults, un- 
designated by any name, and of a smaller one which was 
open and empty, save for a few bones. One of the larger 
vaults appeared to be walled with the marl that comes to 
the surface along Wadboo creek and of which the old 
Colleton Wadboo house had its foundations made. 

To the Memory 


Sir John Colleton Bart: 


Devonshire in England and of 

Fairlawn in South Carolina whose 

mortal remains rest here in hopes of 

a Blessed Resurrection 

Descended from Sir John Colleton 

formerly Proprietor of this State he 

lived to witness the Independence 

of the United States 

and Died at Fairlawn 

This stone is erected in respect 

to his Memory as a mark of her 

affection by his only Daughter 

Louisa Carolina Graves 

Josiah Rhodes who died 

Jany 7** 18 12 aged 29 years 

& ID months 


You living men as you pass by 
As you are so once was I 
And as I am soon will you be 
Prepare for death and follow me 

M" Susanah Curtis | 

Who departed this life | the 3* 

of January 1818 | aged 17 years 

and II months 


Susanah Jane Curtis 

Maria Sarah beloved wife of | 

Tho' P. Chandler | Born 7'" 

Feby 1819 | Died 19*^ Feby 1851 | 

Aged 31 years and 12 days | 

(below on same stone) 

Here also lies three children | of 

T. P. and M. S. Chandler | 

Geraldine aged 3 years 7 days | 

John Thomas aged 2 Mos 12 days | 

and an infant son | aged 2 months 

and 4 days | 

Martha Elizabeth | consort 
of William Oscar | Gibson | who de- 
parted this life on the | 22"* of November 
1842 I aged 20 years and i day | 
also their daughter | Josephine 
Alice I who was born on the | 3* of 
October 1842 | and departed this life 
on the I 22°* August 1843. 


James Lx)wry | who de- 
parted this Life | Nov' 4** 1799 | 
Aged 32 years & 6 months. 

Thomas Doyle | a native 
of Carlow | in Ireland | who de- 
parted this life I on the 23* of 
March 1819 | Aged 54 years 

Thom : Donovan | a na- 
tive of Ireland | who departed 
this I Life at Fairlawn | Planta- 
tion on the I 14*'' of Aug 1820 

Edward Lucas Ford | Son 

of J. D. and Ellen Ford | who 

died at Cordesville | June the 19" 

1862 I aged 13 months & 2 days. 

M" Mary L. Cordes | who 

was born 2"* November 1794 | and 

died 12*" February 1871 

D'. Samuel Cordes | who died 

at his residence on | North Santee 

May 19*', 1858 I in the 68** year of 

his age | 
*He died as he lived I an honest man.'' 


Lavinia daughter of | D' Samuel 

and Mary L. Cordes | of St. James 

Parish | who died in Charleston | 

on the 21 Sept: 1839 | aged 14 

years and 2 months 

The children of Samuel 

and Mary L. Cordes 

Samuel Warren ob: 9 Novr 1832 aged 

4 years 

Philip G. Prioleau " i Jany 181 7 " 

10 days 

Philip G. Prioleau " 26 Aug 1818 " 

6 months 

Samuella " 18 Nov 1820 " 


Robert F. Withers " 29 Jany 1822 " 

I year & 2 mos. 

Elizabeth Susan " 21 Novr 1823 " 

7 days 

M" Charlotte Cordes | consort 

of the late | Thomas Cordes | of St : 

Stephens Parish | who died 5** of 

July 1826 I aged 57 years | and 8 months 

Thomas Cordes | of St Stephens 

Parish | who died the 10** day of 

August 1806 I aged 53 years 

Miss Mary Davis | who 
was born | in the year 1749 
and died April 16'^ 1818 

[Coat of Arms] 

To the memory of | 

Francis Cordes 

son of I 

Samuel and Elizabeth Cordes | 

who was born on the 17 June | 

1772 and departed this | 

Life on the 23^* of February | 1855 


Samuel Cordes consort of 
Elizabeth Cordes and father 
of Francis Cordes of Chachan 
in the Parish of St John's Berk- 
ley County 
[and on a footstone along side of this, to a grave whose 
headstone has gone is] 
E. C 1807 

EUinor Gaillard | who dep- 
arted this life I on the first 
of November | 1808 | aged Sixty four 
years and five months 

John Cordes Esq | who departed this 

life on I the 3* of September 1798 | 

in the 50*** year of his age 

Catherine Cordes | who departed 

this life on the | 5th day of August 

1805 I aged 80 years and nine | 


Hamilton Couturier Gourdin | 

son of Theodore and Elizabeth | 

Gourdin Died January 12** 1809 

aged 6 years 19 days 


William Cordes | who de- 
parted this life I on the ii*** day of 
June 1818 I aged 34 years & 10 months 

Philip Gendron Prioleau M. D. 

an eminent physician and courteous 


upright in heart elevated in Sentiment 

Just in conduct 

Bom 9th July 1776 

Died 12 June 1844 

His widow in tribute to that aflfection 

which bound them to each other 

under the Joys and Griefs of forty years 

erects this monument of his worth 

and also &c 

M" Catherine Prioleau 

daughter of John Cordes of 

St Stephens Parish and 

Widow of D' Philip Gendron 

Prioleau — She died on the 

8*** day of September 1849 

in the 71'* year of her age 

John Gaillard 

departed this life the 

nth March 1807 

aged 37 years and 

5 months 

John Gaillard 

who departed this life 

on the 16'' of Sept' 1835 

in the forty second year 

of his age 



M'^ Harriet Gaillard 

who died December 14*** 1841 

aged 66 yrs 9 mos and 6 ds. 

Peter Gaillard J' son of 

Theodore & EUinor Gaillard 

bom 2"* Oct' 1782 

died 4" Sept' 1815 

aged nearly 33 years 

Edwin Gaillard M. D. 

who died at his residence 

in Pineville 

on the nth of October 1834 

aged thirty eight years 

and seven months. 

M'" Susan Doughty Mazyck 

consort of Henry B. Mazyck Esq 

of this Parish — She died at 

Cordesville on the 21" of August 1832 

aged 26 years. 

Philip Porcher Broughton Esq 

who died on the 19** day of 

May 1822 aged 37 years 

and 14 days 


on the North side of this 

marble are interred the 

remains of his son 

Philip Alexander 


an interesting and endearing 

child October 29, 1820 

aged 2 years 10 months 

and 25 days 

This humble tablet is 

inscribed as a token of 

affection and regard by the 

bereaved Widow and Mother 

Mary Broughton 

Our Mother Mary 

Broughton Widow of 

Philip P. Broughton 

Died February 8*** 1855 

Aged 67 years 2 months 

and 10 days 

To our dear Sister 
Marien C. Broughton 

Born May 2* 181 2 
Died January 26 1863 

To our Mother 

Elizabeth Broughton 

relict of Thomas Broughton 

To our father Thomas Broughton 
Born Feby 1784 
Died Jany 1829 

Peter Broughton 

Who departed this life 

16 Jany 1832 

in the 57*'' year of his age. 


John R. Dawson 

Son of Laurence E. and Mary 

W. Dawson 

Born i8'* February 1835 

Died 27 August 1836 

This slab markes the spot where 

lie the remains of Col Morton 

A. Waring who died at Buck 

Hall in the Parish of St Stephens 

on the morning of April 9** 1863 

in the 80** year of his age 

[and alongside of the foregoing] 

M" Rebecca Waring 

relict of the late Col Morton 

A. Waring who died near 

Florence S. C. on the 29** 

day of April 1871 in the 

86*** year of her age 

The Rev* John 

Jacob Tschudy 

Born 7** June 1778 

Died 17 Sept' 1834 

M" Margaret Tschudy 

wife of Mr. John Tschudy 

who died the 2f^ of March 

1819 aged 33 years 5 

months & 5 days 

I have been a stranger 

in a strange land 

Leod : 2-22 


M'* Barbary Tschudy 

Mother of the Rector of 

the Parish, who died 

the i8** of July 1819 

aged 66 years & 2 months 

George Calder 

A native of Scotland who 

died Oct 6*' 1851 

aged 48 years 

In a separate enclosure (evidently a family reservation) 
in the churchyard, are stones to the following : 

John White of Charleston Died 7** June 1838 
in the 74'* year of his age 

Sims E. White son of Sims and Anna E. White 
Born Oct 10" 1844 Died Sept 20**^ 1881 

Sims White who died on the 12**' August 1855 
in the 60** year of his age 

M" Anna E. White Relict of Sims White she died on 
the ig'"" of June 1862 in the 58*** year of her age 

Kate Porcher eldest daughter of John S. and Catherine 
White, born 25*^ August 1847 Died 23 Sept' 1851 

Lizzie Porcher Twin daughter of John S and Catherine G. 

White, drowned in the Surf on Sullivans Island 

on the 17** Aug: 1861, aged 11 years & 7 Months 

John S. White Esq of Gippy only son of Sims 

and Jane Parcell White bom April 8** 1820 

and died November 17** 1861 


Catherine G. White wife of John S. White and daughter 

of Thomas Porcher Born Feb: 28, 1824 Died 

April 8, 1882 

P. Gaillard Fitzsimons who departed this life Aug 18 
1884 Aged 54 years 9 months 20 days. 

Sims Walter White born Oct: 4"^ 1863 died Aug 26 1886 

Isaac DuBose White Son of Sims and Anna R. White 
Died October 12, 1871 Aged 39 years & 7 months 


[The following communication from Mr. Vere L. 
Oliver, of Weymouth, England, and editor of Carribbeana, 
is of interest in connection with the article on Sir John 
Yeamans Bart, Governor of South Carolina, in the April 
number of this Magazine.] 

A pedigree of Yeamans in my History of Antigfua, hav- 
ing been criticised (no doubt quite justly) in your Maga- 
zine, I would like to allude to a few facts in connection 
with it: 

In Vol. v., of Gloucestershire N. & Q., in the year 1894, 
appeared an article of mine on the Yeamans family, in 
which I asked for proof of the accepted parentage of the 
two Baronets, John and Robert, always considered sons of 
Alderman Robert Yeamans. In the Church of St. Mary 
Redcliffe I had seen a mural board, recording that Sir 
Robert was **borne in this Parish 161 7." I then examined 
the parish register, and found the marriage of a John, with 
the baptisms of nine of his children, viz : 

1 6 ID John Yeomans and Blanche Germain; wedded June 

the 29''. 
161 1 Feb. 28 John the Sonne of John Yeomans. 
161 7 April 19. Robert the Sonne of John Yeomans Brewer. 

I further pointed out that these two brothers were most 
likely the future Baronets, and asked for the baptisms of 
the children of Alderman Robert. No reply was received 
to the last request, but a communication was printed from 
Shirley Carter Hughson of Charleston, S. C, describing the 
connection of John with that Colony, and giving a quotation 
from Alexander Hewat's History of S. C, published in 
1779, that "Sir John was the eldest son and heir of Robert 
Yeamans alderman of Bristol who was imprisoned and ex- 
ecuted in 1643." In the parish register of Christ Church 
is the entry among the burials: "1643 May 29 Robert 


In 1899 appeared my third volume of the History of 
Antigua, and under Yeamans I gave two pedigrees, the 
accepted but erroneous one of Alderman Robert, and the 
other one of John the Brewer, but unfortunately I omitted 
any comment or reference to my earlier article in Glou. N. 
& Q. ; nor had I at that time seen the articles, appearing in 
1900, in the Dictionary of National Biography, the writers 
of which however made use of my contribution, duly ac- 
knowledged among the authorities, and confirmed my 
opinion about the corrected parentage. 

I will now add a few additional notes which may be of 
interest: In the the list of inhabitants of Barbados, made 
in 1638, occur John Yeomans, Thomas Yeomans and Robt. 
Yeomans/ I cannot identify these, for the family was so 
numerous, and to be found in nearly every parish in Bristol. 

John the Brewer made his will 12 June, 1645, recorded in 
Bristol,* and left £40 to his son John, and the like to his 
son-in-law John Woory. The Governor in his will of 1671 
named his nephew Samuel Woorey, so this helps to confirm 
the pedigree. The will of Blanche Yeamans widow of John 
was proved 20 July 1647 by her son Robert Y. [P. C. C. 
160 Fines]. 

In the Book of Burgesses at Bristol occurs this entry : — 
"1649 Aug. 31. John Yeamans merchant, son of Robert 
Yeamans brewer, admitted to freedom." On 5 Feb., 165 1 
there was an Order of the Council of State "Upon petition 
of Lieut.-Col. Robt. Yeomans and other merchants of 
Bristol, and owners of the Mary and Francis; granting 
licence for the ship to go with the fleet to Barbadoes"' 1653 
Aug. 22. Similar Order, For warrant for a commission for 
a private man-of-war to Robt. Yeomans, merchant bound 
to Virginia, on a trading voyage.* There is no mention here 
of John, but I suppose he emigrated about this time. 

1660, July 16— Minutes of Council of Barbadoes. Col- 
onel John Yeamans chosen of the Council. Present also on 
Dec. II.* 

*Memoir of the First Settlement. 
"Antigua III, 267. 
•Colonial Calendar, p. 350. 
*Ibid, p. 406. 
•Ibid, pp. 484, 494. 


1668, John Leaver of Barbadoes merchant leaves in his 
will to — My goddau. Rachel Yeomans 25I. Mr. Edward 
Yeomans and his wife 1000 lbs of sugar. [P. C. C. 6 Hene] 
(There was an Ed. Y. ist cousin of the Baronets.) 

1686, Jan. 24, Sir Robt. Yeamans Bart., of Bristol, in his 
will devises 3 houses in Redland in trust for "my loving 
kinsman Robert Yeamans, now resident in Barbadoes, son 
of my late brother, Sir John Yeamans deceased [P. C. C. 
71 Foot]. 

As to the other John Yeamans, of Carolina, I wonder 
if this is the person who was at Antigua in 1668, "bred to 
the law," frequently mentioned in the Records there, from 
1678 onward. Speaker, 1683 ; M. of C, 1684 ; Lt Gov., 1698- 
171 1, and died 171 7. His parentage is unknown. He was ap- 
parently not in Antigua between 1668 and 1678, the period 
when he may have been in Carolina. He witnessed a lease 
in 1668 (as agent I think) of Wm. Yeamans of London, 
merchant, (there was a Wm., a brother of the two Baro- 
nets.) Another supposed branch of the family settled in 
Jamaica, of whom were Major Edward Yeamans, Procost 
Marshal, 1677-1683 (identical with the Major Ed. Y., of 
Barbados, in 1675), and a Musgrave Yeamans, who died 
in 1728, aged 36. Major Robt. Hackett, an Assemblyman 
of Barbados in 1653,* was knighted in 1677 and died in 
1679.' Descendants of the Maycocks were there lately. 

The Records in Barbados have never been searched by 
me, but I am glad to learn from a friend there that a com- 
plete Index of Wills is in preparation, and if a copy of this 
can be obtained it shall be printed in "Carribeana." Until 
these Records have been looked into it will be quite im- 
possible to complete the Yeamans' pedigree. 


The Commission of the Peace in 1734, taken from the 

South-Carolina Gazette, June 8 to 15. 
South-Carolina Charleston, June 7, 1734- 

His Excellency the Governor, with advice of His 

•Ibid, p. 408. 

*M. I. in Archer, p. 380, and sec Foster's Alumni Oxonienses. 


Majesty's Hon. Council, having issued a new Commission 
of the Peace for this Province, Notice is hereby given, that 
the following gentlemen are appointed Justices of the Peace 
for Berkley County, and that James Wedderburn, Esq., 
Clerk of the Crown and Peace, has a Dedimus from His 
Excellency, impowering him to qualify the said Justices 
upon their applying to him. 

The Names of the Justices, 
The Honorable 
Thomas Broughton Esq., President. Arthur Middleton, 
Ralph Izard, William Bull, Alexander Skeene, Francis 
Yonge, James Kinloch, Esqrs. Robert Wright Esq., Chief 
Justice, John Fenwicke, Joseph Wragg, Thomas Waring, 
John Hammerton, Esqrs., of His Majesty's Council. 

The Hon. Paul Jenys, Esq., Speaker of the Commons 
House of Assembly, Thomas Dale, Thomas Lamboll, 
Thomas Clifford, Robert Yonge, Esqrs., Assistant Justices, 
James Abercrombie, Esq., Attorney General, Theophilus 
Gregory, Esq., Master in Chancery, John Skeene, Esq., 
Register in the said Court, Charles Pinckney, Gabriel Mani- 
gault, Othniel Beale, Robert Brewton, Benjamin D' Har- 
riette, Andrew Rutledge, Elias Foissin, jun., John Daniel, 
Peter Pagett, Thomas Ashby, Nathaniel Brougton, Thomas 
Cordes, William Dry, Peter Taylor, James Moore, John 
Ouldfield, jun., Malachy Glaze, William Elliott, jun., Ed- 
mund Bellinger, Richard Wright, Joseph Blake, Roger 
Saunders, Andrew Broughton, Walter Izard, Edward 
Thomas, John Walter, Sen., Charles Hill, Isaac Mazyck, 
James Wedderburn, Alexander Parris, Benjamin De La 
Conseleire, Benjamin Goddin, Jesse Badenhop, William 
Saxby, Samuel Eveleigh, Samuel Prioleau, Thomas 
Gadsden, George Smith, Isaac Mazyck, jun., Tobias 
Fitch, James Hasell, John Baker, Henry Gibbs, 
Ribton Hutchinson, Joseph Boone, John Walter, jun., Wm. 
Walter, Wm. Cattell, Tho. Drayton, Richard Fuller, Wm. 
Fuller, jun., Walter Izard, Robert Wright, jun., John 
Williams, Robert Finlay, Nathaniel Wickham, George 
Nicholas, Richard Waring, Wm. Saunders, Gilson Clap, 
Wm. Middleton, Benjamin Waring, Alexander Vanderdu- 


son, John Ouldfield, Sen., Daniel Welshuysen, Landgrave 
Tho. Smith, John Gibbs, John Colleton, John Harleston, 
Peter de St. Julien, Daniel Huger, Anthony Bonneau, 
Charles Russell, Francis Lejeau, Isaac Porcher, Samuel 
Wigfal, Michael Derby, Jacob Bond, Thomas Smith, Tho. 
Boone, Tho. Barksdale, Geo. Logan, Jonah Collins, Tho. 
Ferguson, Joseph Fox, Tho. Monk, James Le Bas, Benja- 
min Savage, Esqrs. 

J. Wedderburn, CI. C. & P. 

Justices of the Peace for 1737, taken from the South- 
Carolina Gazette, April 2, 1737. — A List of His Ma- 
jesty's Justices of the Peace appointed by the new 
Commission dated March 26, 1737. 
Berkeley County. 
The Honourable Arthur Middleton, William Bull, Alex- 
ander Skene, James Kinlock, Robert Wright, Chief Justice, 
John Fenwicke, Joseph Wragg, Thomas Waring, John 
Hammerton our Secretary, and John Braithwaite, Esqrs., 
of our Council. 

Thomas Dale, Thomas Lamboll, Robert Yonge, Benjamin 
de la Conseillere, Robert Austin, Esqrs., our Assistant Jus- 
tices, Charles Pinckney, Esq., Speaker of our Commons 
House of in our said Province, Ralph Izard, Esq., our At- 
torney General for the time being, Maurice Lewis, Esq., 
our Master in Chancery, John Skene, Esq., our Register in 
the said Court, Joseph Blake, Walter Izard, John Colleton, 
Benjamin Whitaker, John Parris, Andrew Rutledge, 
Thomas Henning, Robert Brewton, Andrew Broughton, 
William Trewin, Anthony Matthews, David Hext, Isaac 
Mazyck, Jordan Roche, Peter Taylor, John Champneys, 
Peter de St. Julien, Jacob Bond, Thomas Bonny, James 
Lebas, Thomas Cordes, John Dart, John Vickeridge, Will- 
iam Bull, jun, John Postell, Thomas Drayton, Walter Izard, 
jun., Samuel Morris, Richard Singleton, James Maxwell, 
William Saxby, Thomas Gadsden, John Qeland, James 
Wedderburn, Nathaniel Broughton, James St. John, Gabriel 
Manigault, Othniel Beale, Thomas Ashby, Elias Foissin, 
jun., James Moore, Malachi Glaze, Benjamin Godin. Jesse 


Badenhop, Samuel Eveleigh, Samuel Prioleau, John Walter, 
Nath. Wickham, George Nicholas, Richard Waring, Wm. 
Sanders, William Middleton, Gilson Clapp, Benjamin 
Waring, Alexander Vanderdussen, John Ouldfield, Land- 
grave Thomas Smith, Richard Allein, Robert Hume, John 
Harleston, Daniel Huger, Thomas Lynch, Anthony Bon- 
neau, Francis Lejau, Isaac Porcher, Samuel De St Julien, 
George Logan, Thomas Ferguson, Thomas Monck, James 
Greeme, Alexander Nesbett, Daniel Greene, Hugh Butler, 
Christian Mote [sic], Jacob Motte, Henry Gibbes, Paul 
Jenys, Richard Walter, James Michie, John Beresford, 
William Cattell. 

Colleton County. 

John Gibbes, Benjamin D'Harriette, William Livingston, 
James Bullock, William Bowers, Paul Hamilton, William 
Eddings, Joshua Sanders, John Woodward, Culcheth Go- 
lightly, Job Rothmahler, Richard Wright, Jermin Wright, 
Stephen Bull, Richard Bedon, Henry Hyrne, Alexander 
Hext, William Peter, Samuel Cockran, Roger Saunders. 
Craven County. 

William Waties, Meredith Hughes, Thomas La Roche, 
George Pawley, John Ouldfield, jun., John Gendron, Doct. 
John Edwards, Peter Robert, Anthony White, Robert 
Finley, Richard Hall, Joseph Canty, George Nelson, John 

Wallis, Elias Horry, Daniel Welshuysen, Fox, John 

Abbot, Caulking, Abraham Satur, Noah Sere [Serre], 

William Whitesides, William Drake, William Pole. 
Granville County. 

Thomas Wigg, Henry Bryan, Henry [Hector] Berenger 
De Beaufin [Beaufain], Samuel Montague, Richard Wood- 
ward, Robert Wright, jun., Peter La Fitto, Frederick 
Desham, Robert Thorp, Jermin Wright, Stephen Bull, Na- 
thaniel Barnwell, John De La Bere. 

New-Windsor and parts adjacent. 

Philemon Parmeter, Kennedy O'Brian. 

A true Copy 

. J. Wedderburn. 


following will probably fixes the date of death of the John 
Jackson who received the grant of 400 acres on the South 
side of Pon Pon, or South Edisto river, in 1701, and who 
was the original owner of what afterwards became the 
town of Jacksonborough, an account of which will be found 
on pages 46 to 49 of this volume of the Magazine. 

30 August 1723 John Jackson of Pond Pond Colleton County 
Province of South Carolina Planter hting very sick and weak in 
body . . . 

To my wife Jeane Jackson the use of my whole estate for three 
years and four months from date, for to pay all my debts . . I do 
give ... to my beloved wife her riding horse, . . . and y* use 
of one negro guirle named Miley for life, and after her decease sd. 
Negro giWrle Miley shall be for my daughter Ester Jackson., to my 
son John Jackson my houses and Land where I now live ... at 
the expiration of three years and four months . . . unto my sons 
Tho* and Joseph Jackson 200 acres of land . . . joining to Ben- 
jamin Reynold's lands and is part of a Track of 400 acres . . . 
the remaining 200 acres . . . which is joining to M'. Leviston's 
land I give . . . unto my sons Philliman and George Jackson 
. . . my brother Henry Jackson my best gun . . . my chil- 

dren Sary Glaze, John Jackson, Thomas, Joseph, Ester, Philliman 
and George Jackson all my personal estate excepting my household 
goods and one negro guirle named Diannah . . to be equally 
divided at expiration of 3 years and 4 months . . . unto my grand- 
daughter Sary Glaze ... the aforesaid negro guirle . . . 
Diannah . . . household goods to be divided at discretion of wife 
Jeane Jackson among my children . . . Wife Jean Executrix 

and Brother Henry Jackson Executor. 

George Badger 1 
William Melven V witnesses 
X :topher Smith J 
Recorded January 5th, 1724. 

J: Jackson (LS) 

JEWISH CEMETERIES — This Society has received, as a gift 
from Dr. B. A. Elzas, one of its members, six pamphlets, 
compiled by him, which give, in alphabetical order, the 
names of the people buried in the Jewish Cemeteries at 
Columbia, Camden, Georgetown, Orangeburg, and the 
cemeteries of K. K. Beth Elohim and Berith Shalome, at 
Charleston, S. C. 

This is very valuable work which Dr. Elzas has done, 
and together with his Old Jewish Cemeteries at Charleston, 
S. C, 1762-1903, printed in 1903, makes an almost com- 
plete list of the Jewish graveyards and tombstones in 
South Carolina. 


ENGLISH SURNAMES — Mr. Charlcs A. Berneau, of Wal- 
ton-on-Thames, England, announces the cowtemplated pub- 
lication of References to English Surnames in 1601, by 
F. K. & S. Hitching. This volume is an index giving about 
19,650 references to surnames contained in the printed 
registers of 778 English parishes during the first years of 
the 17th Century. 


DR. WHARTON siNKLER, a member of this Society, died in 
Philadelphia, March i6th. 

Dr. Sinkler was born in Philadelphia City, August 7, 
1845, while his parents were visiting there. His parents 
were Charles Sinkler, of Eutawville, S. C, and Emily 
Sinkler, a daughter of the late Thomas I. Wharton, of 
Philadelphia. He received his early education at Gambier, 
Ohio, and Aiken, S. C. Later he entered South Carolina 
College, but left during his freshman year, when the insti- 
tution was closed owing to the civil war. He served in the 
Confederate army during the war, with the 2d South Caro- 
lina cavalry. 

At the close of the war he went to Philadelphia to study 
medicine and was graduated from the Medical School of 
the University of Pennsylvania with the class of 1868. He 
then entered into the practice of his profession in that city 
as a general practitioner, but, after several years, began to 
specialize in the study and treatment of nervous diseases. 

He married Ella Brock, daughter of the late John Penn 
Brock, of Philadelphia, in 1872. Dr. Sinkler is survived by 
his widow, five sons, Charles, John P. B., S. Deas, Francis 
W. and Wharton, Jr., and two daughters, Julia and Ella 
Brock Sinkler. Brothers and sisters who survive him are 
Charles St. George Sinkler, of Eutawville, S. C. ; Mrs. 
Charles B. Coxe, of Philadelphia; Mrs. Charles Stevens, of 
Monck's Corner, S. C, and Miss Caroline Sinkler, of this 

Dr. Sinkler was prominent in the medical profession of 
Philadelphia and throughout the country for more than 
twenty-five years. He was graduated from the University 
of Pennsylvania, and, after conducting a general practice 
for a number of years, devoted himself to the diseases af- 
fecting the nerves, in which he made his reputation. He 
was a member of many medical, charitable, literary and 
social organizations. 

The South CaroUna 

Historical and Genealogical 


VOL. XL OCTOBER, 1910. No. 4. 

By Henry A. M. Smith. 



Next in order of date and importance to the Ashley 
Barony, or Signiory of St. Giles, was the Signiory of Fair- 
lawn. Generally called Fairlawn Barony, it was properly a 
Signiory, as it was the grant to one of the Lords Proprie- 
tors of an estate, which constituted a Signiory in the hands 
of a Lord Proprietor. 

The CoUetons were the only family of the original Lords 
Proprietors who made their home and actually resided in 
the Province of South Carolina. 

An account of the family was published in this Magazine 
in October, 1900.* 

Sir John Colleton, the original Proprietor, died before 
the grant of the Signiory was issued and was succeeded by 
his eldest son. Sir Peter Colleton. 

On 18"* May, 1678, the Grand Council issued a warrant 
to Capt. Maurice Mathewes, Surveyor-General,' 

"to admeasure and Lay out for S' Peter Colleton Barr* 
"one of the Lords & Absolute Prop" of this Province 

'S. C. Hist, and Geneal. Mag., Vol. I, p. 325. 
•Printed Warranty Book, p. 155. 


"Twelve thousand acres of Land as a Signiorie upon 
"the Wando River & that Tract of Land called the 
"Mulberry plantacon/' 

In March, 1673, Capt. Maurice Mathews had reported to 
the Grand Council that he had marked 12,000 acres of land 
for Lord Ashley,* 

"on the first bluff bank upon the first Indian plantacon 
"on the right hand in the Westeme branch of the 
"North river commonly called y* Mulberry tree.'* 

This 12,000 acres was not granted to Lord Ashley, who 
took out his Signiory on Ashley River, and is evidently the 
same 12,000 acres as referred to in the warrant for Sir 
Peter Colleton. At that period Cooper River was fre- 
quently called Wando River. 

The formal grant for the 12,000 acres, to Sir Peter Col- 
leton, was issued 7*'' September, 1678.* For some reason 
the same tract appears on the record to have been twice 
regranted to him. 

There is a grant dated 6** January, 1685' and another 
dated 12" February, i688.* 

Whence the name Fair Lawn was derived does not ap- 
pear. It was so styled very early, for the grant of 6** 
January, 1685, is of 

"a plantation or Plat of Ground commonly called or 
"known by the name of Fair-lawns now in his posses- 
"sion containing 12,000 acres." 

And the grant of 12** February, 1688, repeats the same 
designation. All the grants locate it as situate, 

"on the Western Branch of the T in Cooper River." 

And the last two grants specifically include 

"all Cedar Land or Marsh land between it and the 
"Western Branch of the T aforesaid." 

•S. C. Hist, and Geneal. Mag., Vol. XI, p. 80. 

•Office Secry. State, Vol. 38 (Proprietory Grants), pp. 10 and 11. 

•Ibid, p. 67. 

•Ibid, p. 6a 


On 6** September, 1679, an additional grant was issued 
to Sir Peter Colleton for 4,423 acres on Cooper River, 
lying adjoining to and South of the Fair Lawn Signiory/ 

The tract included in this last grant was afterwards 
known as "Mulberry," although it would appear, from 
what subsequently occurred in connection with the sale to 
Thomas Broughton, that the "first bluff bank," commonly 
called the "Mulberry tree," was within the lines of the 
Fair Lawn Signiory. 

To what extent Sir Peter Colleton settled and cultivated 
his Signiory can be only guessed at. He died in 1694' and 
was succeeded in his Proprietorship and Signiory by his 
son. Sir John Colleton (the 3* Baronet), who was a minor 
at his father's death. 

His daughter, Katherine Colleton, was the executrix of 
Sir Peter's will, and on the 13" November, 1694, she made 
an agreement with "Robert Ball, of Standford in the County 
"of Lincoln Yeoman," whereby Ball was to come to South 
Carolina and take possession of all the lands, plantations, 
slaves, stock, etc., of Sir Peter Colleton's estate, and make 
and transmit an inventory to Katherine Colleton "at the 
"now dwelling house of M' William Thornburgh of Lon- 
"don merchant scituate on Tower Hill London," and was 
also to farm, cultivate and utilize all the same, transmitting 
the proceeds to Miss Colleton as executrix.* 

Ball was to receive as compensation £30 stg. for making 
the inventory, etc., and thereafter £30 stg. per annum 

At that date, 1694, it would seem that Fair Lawn had 
been, settled with slaves, stock, etc., and was in condition 
for culture and utilization. 

It is doubtful whether the large brick mansion, after- 
wards the residence on the Signiory, could have been 
constructed at that early date. 

Ball seems to have continued in charge until 1702, for 

^bid. pp. 15 and 16. 

■Probate Ct., Charleston, Bk. 1694-1704, p. 397. Sir Bernard BurVc. 
in his "Peerage Baronetage," etc., states that Sir Peter died in 1679. 
This is a mistake, as his will was dated 12 January, 1693. 

•Probate Ct.. Charleston, Bk. 1694-1704, p. 23. 


on 2i"* September, 1702, Sir John Colleton executed an 
instrument declaring that Ball had been sent out by Kather- 
ine Colleton, but that he "S' John Colleton of Stratford in 
"the County of Essex Baronett," had now attained 21 years 
and annulling the power of attorney to Robert Ball, and 
constituting "S' Nathaniel Johnson of Carolina Knight," 
his representative to take charge of his interests in South 

On 20** January, 1708, Sir John Colleton executed a 
conveyance to "Thomas Broughton of South Carolina in 
"America afores* Gent :" of the tract of 4,423 acres granted 
to his father on 6** Sept', 1679, describing it as "on the 
"Westerne Branch of the T in Cooper river butting and 
"bounding East on said River or Westerne Branch of the 
"T the Cedar Land being reckoned into the quantity North 
"upon other lands of S' Peter Colleton West and South on 
"lands not taken up" * * * "which said plantation is 
"now called or known by the name of the Mulberry Planta- 

This constituted the Mulberry plantation, parts of which 
continued in the Broughton family for near two centuries. 

There seems, however, to have been some mistake about 
the location of that same "bluff bank" commonly called the 
"Mulberry tree," which gave the name to the "Mulberry 

It seems to have been assumed by Thomas Broughton, 
that it was on the tract of 4,423 acres acquired by him, and 
after his purchase he placed his settlements upon it. This 
was a mistake, and he found that his settlements were really 
located on the extreme Southeastern part of the Fair Lawn 

On 17** May, 1712, Sir John Colleton and Thomas 
Broughton entered into an agreement of exchange. This 
agreement recites that "Coll: Thomas Broughton" had 
lately set up some erections and buildings on a part of "fair 
lawns plantation," adjoining to the plantation called the 
"Mulberry plantation," and Sir John Colleton transferred 

"Prob. Ct.. Charleston., Bk. 1694-1704, p. 397. 
"Office Hist Com., "Grant Bk. 1701-1712," p. 37. 


to Col. Broughton 300 acres off that part of Fair Lawn; 
and in exchange Col. Broughton transferred to him 300 
acres off the Northwest part of the Mulberry plantation, 
adjoining the Fair Lawn Signiory, Col. Broughton paying 
in addition £150, as representing the difference in value." 

This gave to Broughton the "bluff bank," on which his 
settlement was placed and on which his residence was later 
constructed (for many years commonly called Mulberry 
Castle), but not the low lands, suitable for rice culture 
lying between the high land of the 300 acres and the river. 
This low land was not taken off Fair Lawn until 1742, 
when by deed dated 16'* March, 1742, the "Hon: John 
Colleton of Fair Lawn Barony," the son of Sir John Colle- 
ton conveyed to Nathaniel Broughton, son of Thomas 
Broughton, 211 acres, being the front of a certain tract of 
300 acres,' part of Fair Lawn Barony formerly conveyed 
by Sir John Colleton to the Hon. Thomas Broughton; the 
211 acres bounding East and Northeast on the Western 
branch of Cooper River." 

Sir John Colleton had three sons, of whom two, John 
and Peter, made South Carolina their home. 

John, the eldest son, generally styled as the "Honorable 
John Colleton," lived at Fair Lawn. In the documents 
signed by him, describing himself as "of Fair Lawn," and 
to him is probably due the extensive construction that once 
existed on the Barony. His granddaughter, Mrs. Graves, 
in the pamphlet, mentioned in the above mentioned article 
on the Colleton Family, expressly states that the mansion 
on the place, in which she was born, had been built by her 
grandfather, and adds, 

"This mansion as it was for a family residence was 
"of course very magnificent and of such great extent 
"that when the British troops made a rapid retreat 
"after the battle of the Eutaw Springs on reaching it 
"they rallied under the shelter of the buildings." 

The ruins of the old Fair Lawn residence do indicate an 
extent and style of construction not likely to have been 

"Office Hist. Com-, "Grant Bk. 1701-1714/' p. 250. 
"M. C. O.. Charleston, Bk. Y., p. 420. 


undertaken, save by one who actually made the place his 

As one of the wealthiest land and slave owners in the 
Province, it was entirely within his capacity, and the cir- 
cumstances would corroborate Mrs. Graves' recollection as 
to the date of construction. 

To his son, Peter, Sir John Colleton had given the 
Barony on Colleton Neck in Beaufort County, called the 
Devils Elbow Barony. Peter, however, purchased a plan- 
tation of about 300 acres, called "Epsom," lying on Biggon 
Creek, adjoining the Fair Lawn Signiory to the Northeast. 
Peter died unmarried, in the lifetime of his brother, and 
the Devils Elbow Barony (presumably under his will) 
seems to have gone to his brother John, whilst the 
"Epsom" plantation he devised to his brother Robert. 

The Hon. John Colleton died in 1751, before his father, 
leaving a widow, who did not long survive him, dying in 
the Autumn of the same year, 1751, and as there appears to 
be no family graveyard on Fair Lawn, they were both prob- 
lably interred at the Parish Church of St. John Berkeley, 
commonly called Biggon Church, which is not far from 
Fair Lawn. 

Sir John Colleton, 3* Baronet, died in 1754, and was 
succeeded by his grandson. Sir John Colleton, 4** Baronet, 
the son of the Honorable John Colleton. 

This last Sir John also lived in South Carolina and made 
Fair Lawn his home. During his life a considerable por- 
tion of the Barony was sold off. The Barony, at the death 
of the Honorable John Colleton was intact in its dimensions, 
with the exception of the 5x1 acres transferred to the 
Broughtons and for which 300 acres of the Mulberry 
plantation had been added to the Barony. 

Sir John Colleton, the 4** Baronet, made the following 
transfers : 

On 15*" September, 1767, to Mary Broughton, 988 acres 
on the river front, adjoining the 511 acres transferred to 
Thomas and Nathaniel Broughton." In the deed this 988 

"M. C. O., Charleston, Bk. B. No. 6^ p. 411. 


acres is styled "Exeter" plantation, by which name it has 
ever since been known. 

On the same day, i$^^ September, 1767, to Sedgewick 
Lewis, 1,000 acres on the river front, adjoining Exeter to 
the North." At the time of sale this 1,000 acres is stated 
to be known as the "Little Landing," but after passing into 
Lewis' hands it acquired the name of Lewisfield, which it 
has ever since retained. Thro' intermarriage, the place 
subsequently passed into the Simons family, in whose pos- 
session it continued for many many years. 

On 26'*" July, 1769, to John Mitdiell, of Salisbury, North 
Carolina, he conveyed 1,004 acres not situate on the water 
front, but bounding to the East on the public road to 
Moncks Comer." John Mitchell died in 1784, leaving two 
sons, John Mitchell and William Nisbet Mitchell." By his 
will he leaves his plantation, which he styles "Fairfield," to 
his son John; and this latter John, who died in 1800," left 
the Fairfield plantation to his son William, with remainder 
over to his brother William Nisbet Mitchell, should his son 
die before 21 years of age, without children. The child 
must have so died, as we find William Nisbet Mitchell in 
possession of the whole, which at his death appears to have 
been divided into two plantations, one called by the original 
name of Fairfield," containing some 470 acres, and the other 
of some 521 acres, on which William Nisbet Mitchell lived, 
called Castle Ruin and Bamboretta." It is possible the plan- 
tation had been divided in the life time of the first John 
Mitchell and the "Castle Ruin" part then given to William 
Nisbet Mitchell. 

This William Nisbet Mitchell directs, in his Will on 
record," that the burial ground at Fairfield, in which his 
brother and his children were buried, and in which his own 
body was to be deposited, should, by his executors, be en- 
closed with a substantial brick wall. 

"Ibid Bk. H. 3. p. 70. 

'•Ibid, Bk. C 4, p. 40. 

"Probate Court, Charleston, Bk. A., p. 365. 

"Ibid, Bk. C. p. 659. 

"M. C. O., Charleston, Bk. A. 10, p. 23. 

•Ibid, Bk. X. 9. p. 67. 

"Probate Ct., Charleston, Bk. G., p. 1. 


This is all the reference to his burial that appears in his 
Will; but the late Dr. J. B. Irving, in his sketch, entitled "A 
Day on Cooper River," published in 1842, states that 
Mitchell left another Will which owing to some defects 
was not allowed to stand, but which was for some time 
preserved as a curiosity, by a gentleman of St. John's 
Parish, and which Dr. Irving had seen. 

In this Will he directed his body to be burned in an iron 
coffin, purchased by himself for the purpose in his life time. 
His remains, he directed to be placed in this coffin above 
ground, in the woods on two brick piles, with brick en- 
closures around it. His funeral pyre was ordered to con- 
sist of alternate layers of light-wood and hickory, "twelve 
"feet long so that it should burn fiercely," and the neighbor- 
hood were to be entertained in festivity, when the burning 
took place. His directions were complied with. His coffin 
was placed in the pine land near his former residence, 
about two miles West of the 28-mile stone, on the Moncks 
Corner road. There the body was consumed to ashes, in 
the coffin which was then properly secured and locked, and 
the key thrown in the middle of Cooper River. 
Dr. Irving adds : 

"The spot is well chosen, being a very secluded one, 
"and not altogether destitute of romantic interest. In 
"the early spring the wild violet and the jessamine 
"bloom around it. At the period of my visit to it these 
"little flowers were all wet with the morning dew — in 
"tears and sorrow as it were for one who chose that 
"his final resting place on earth, should be far from 
"the haunts of men, and that nature should be his only 

Sir John also sold to John Giles, some time prior to 
1777, a tract of 514 acres fronting on the public road to 
Moncks Corner." 

Sir John Colleton, 4** Baronet, married first Anne Ful- 
ford, daughter of Frances Fulford, of Great Fulford, by 
whom he had one child, a daughter, Louisa Carolina. His 
marriage to Anne Fulford, having been dissolved by Act of 

"M. C. O., Charleston, Bk. U. 7, p. 291. 


Parliament, he married in 1774, Jane Mutter, and died in 
September, 1777, at Fair Lawn, and was interred at Biggon 
Church. By his will he left all his property to his daughter, 
Louisa Carolina. 

Miss Louisa Carolina Colleton, married Capt. (after- 
wards Admiral) Richard Graves, of the British Navy, and 
during her lifetime the sale and breaking up of the Barony 
took place; although the final sales of the last of it were 
not had until after her death. 

The following sales were made by Admiral Graves and 
his wife, viz: 

i" Novr., 1815, to A. C. Mazyck" 260 acres. 

26*" Mch., 1816, to M. W. Smith" 416 acres. 

Under a family arrangement the estate had been trans- 
ferred to Samuel Colleton Graves, the son of Admiral and 
Mrs. Graves, and he made sales as follows : 

2* May, 1818, to John White** 530 acres. 

2* May, 1818, to Keating Simons* 576 acres. 

17^'' Mch., 1821, to John White, the tract 

called Gippy Swamp* I187S acres. 

5*^ Febry., 1822, to Samuel G. Barker, 
Trustee, the tract called the "Old 
House"" 2,144 acres 

Samuel Colleton Graves died in 1823, and after his 
death, Mrs. Graves' property was liquidated under pro- 
ceedings in court, and on 26" March, 1839, the Master in 
Equity conveyed to John H. Dawson" the tract called 
"Stony Landing" containing 2,319 acres. This tract was 
so called from the name of the landing, which was at the 
point on Biggon Creek where the road to the "Congarees" 
began, and which road crossed the main public road at 
Moncks corner. This landing, being at practically the 
head of navigation on Cooper River, supplies, etc., etc., 
intended for the interior, were frequently carried by water 

*M. C O., Charleston, Bk. X. 8, p. 14. 

"Ibid, Bk. S. 8. p. 57. 

••Ib^d, Bk. R 9. p. 238. 

•Ibid, Bk. B. 9, p. 52. 

"Ibid, Bk. F. 9. p. 441. 

"Ibid, Bk. H. 9, p. 221. 

"Ibid, Bk. A. 11, p. 331. 


to this landing and thence up the Congaree road. The 
landing was denominated "stony" for the reason that the 
marl underlying the surface of the ground at that point 
plainly crops out near the surface. 

The late Professor F. A. Porcher, in a description of the 
"Upper Beat of St. John's Berkeley," published in the 
transactions of the Huguenot Society of South Carolina for 
1906, spells the name as "Stoney" landing, but this is a 
mistake, it should be "Stony." 

About the same time the small remains of the Barony, 
viz: the pine land on Black Tom's swamp. West of the 
land sold to John Mitchell, and the 300 acres pine land ex- 
changed by Thomas Broughton, appear also to have been 

Of the old Fair Lawn residence the merest ruins remain. 
An account of its destruction by the British, during the 
Revolutionary war, is given in the Article in this magazine 
for October, 1900. There is an error in that article, where 
it is stated (on p. 334) that the land near to and including 
the village of Pinopolis is on the original Barony. Pinopo- 
lis is some distance away to the North, and is on no part of 
Fair Lawn Barony. 

The map published with this sketch of the history of the 
Fair Lawn Signiory is made up so as to show the lines of 
the original grant and its location with respect to surround- 
ing places, and the approximate lines of the subdivisions 
made of the Barony. 


Joseph S. Ames. 

The Cantey family of South Carolina is undoubtedly of 
Irish descent; but nothing is known of its early history.* 
In the 17th century several members of the family emi- 
grated to Barbados; and one branch came from there to 
South Carolina. The first of the name to make this move 
was George Cantey,* who came in the "first fleet" in the 
spring of 1670; and a few years later he "imported" his 
father Teige Cantey. So far as is known, all the widely 
separated branches of the family in America descend from 
this single head, Teige Cantey. 

In Hotten's ''Emigrants, etc.," there is reference to a 
Mrs. Hellen Cantey, who was living in Barbados in 1680; 
but her connection with Teige is not known. 

Through the whole history of South Carolina members 
of this family have done distinguished service, both in 
Church and State. They were vestr)mien or founders of 
St. James' Goose Creek, of St George's, of St. Mark's and 
of St. Stephen's. They were members of the Commons in 
Assembly almost continuously from 1696 to 1775. One 
after the other, William Cantey, of Dorchester; his nephew, 
John Cantey, of Goose Creek; James Cantey and Joseph 
Cantey, sons of William; were Captains of the provincial 
forces and took part in nearly all the campaigns; John 
Cantey of Pine Tree Hill, Samuel Cantey and his brother 

♦In conif)iIing this genealogy I have had at every point the invaluable 
assistance of the sugsrestions and advice of D. E. Hugfer Smith, Esq., 
and of the skill of Miss Mabel L. Webber in searching for records. 
Withont their help this paper would never have been written. The 
scct'ons devoted to Elizabeth (Cantey) Elmes and her children were 
compiled by M. Alston Read, Esq. 

*Mrs. Alice Stopford Green, in her recent book, "The Making of 
Ireland and its Undoing, 1500-1600," p. 360, et seq., refers to the 
O'Kainti family as one of the clans of bards to whom was entrusted 
the sacred duty of transmitting the history of the people from genera- 
tion to generation. 

*In an editorial note by Langdon Chevcs, Esq., in the "Shaftesbury 
Papers," it is said that he was a passenger on the "Carolina"; but 
his name does not appear in the lists of those sailing from the Downs. 


John of St. Mark's, and others, were in Lyttleton's cam- 
paign of 1759-60 against the Cherokees; and practically all 
the men of the family able to bear arms took an active part 
in the Revolution. Since then, in the War of 1812, in the 
Mexican War and in the late war between the States, their 
names are to be found among the troops furnished by their 
State. Further, it may be noted that three of the most 
distinguished soldiers of South Carolina in the Revolution, 
Richardson, Sumter and Hampton, married daughters of 
the family. 


Teige Cantey of Ashley River. 

Teige Cantey and his wife Elizabeth were brought to the 
first settlement on the Ashley River by their son George, 
as appears from a warrant issued to the latter, July 6, 1695.* 
In the inventory of Teige's estate there is an item,"Left in 
the hands of M' Hooker in y* Isleland of Barbados in 
ready money." ; so it is probable that he came directly from 
Barbados ; and the first record of his being in South Caro- 
lina is on Aug. 24, 1672,* when he received a grant of 24 
acres, adjacent to the grant previously made his son George. 
On June 15, 1678,* he received a further grant of 550 acres 
"in some convenient place;" but he died within the follow- 
ing year. His will is dated Sept. 21, 1678,* and the inven- 
tory of his estate was filed on May 3, 1679.* In his will he 
names his wife Elizabeth as his executrix, and the instru- 
ment is witnessed by John Stork, John Donnoho and Ralph 
Marshall. He calls himself 'Teige Cantey of Ashley 
River," and leaves bequests to his two daughters, Mary 
Smericke and Catherine Manely; his two sons, George and 
William (the latter having then no issue) ; his grandson, 
Francis Smericke "when 21;" and his grandson, John 
Cantey, son of George, "when 21." It is evident from the 

"Historical Commission, Columbia, "Book 1672-92," p. 86. 
'Ib'd, p. 19. 
■Ibid, p. 131. 
nbid. p. 59-60. 
•Ibid, p. 61. 


will that George was the elder son ; and it seems clear that 
all four of his children were living at the time in South 

It is, of course, extremely probable that the Teige Cantey, 
noted in a grant of Sept 5, 1674, as dead, was also a son, 
who, in that case, probably died without iafiue. 
Issue: Order of birth not known. 

2. i George Cantey d. after 1714, m. before 1671, Mar- 


3. ii William Cantey d. about 1716, m. Jane 

iii Mary Cantey d. after 1678* m Smericke.* 

Issue: i Francis, living 1678. 
Possibly others, 
iv Catherine Catrtey d. after 1678, m Manely.* 

Issue: Unknown, if any. 
V Teige Cantey* d. before Sept. 5, 1674. 

The inventory of Teige Cantey's estate, with its bill of 

expenses for wine and rum in connection with a funeral, 

would seem plainly to indicate that the family was of Irish 


A true and perfect Inventory of all and s^'ng^lar the {^oods 
Chatties Debts rights and Creditts w** were and did belong unto 
Teige Cantey late of this Colloney Deceased and w*" were 
shewed and declared by his Exec'utrix taken and appraized the 
third day of May in the yeare of our Lord 1679 by the Ptyes 
whose names are hereunder written as (follows 


lb S d 
Inprimus one ffether bedd Red Rugg 2 blanckitts one 

Bolster and three pillows att - OS 

Three browne holland sheets - 01 

Three' pillow bears 00 

one* sett of Curtaines and vallence 00 

one' old bedd ticke 00 

•He leaves them "one calfe the next that shall fall of the black 
cow," etc., etc. 

'On this date reference is made to "Teague Cantey, deceased," in 
a grant to Mrs. Joan Carver. "Warrants for Lands in South Carolina," 
1672-1679, p. 86. 

•Query: can these names be the same as Smethwick and Mauley, 
which appear in the early records? 

Notes. In several papers the name of Teige Cantey is spelled 
"Teague," which is evidently simply the phonetic way. "Teige" is a 
proper name occurring frequently in Irish families. 




















Table lytiingc' 

one ozenbrigge' table* Cloath and six Napkins 00: 

Two Diaper Napkins and one diaper towell 00: 

one" pantadoe Carpett sloath « ^...00: 


Three* new pewter dishes - ~ 00: 

Two new plates two new porringers one' new bassin one' 
new tankard and five' new spoones ^00: 

Three* old pewter dish is six pewter plates two old bassins 
one old tankard three old porringers one sauzer and 
five* spoones ~ ~ 00 : 

one' Chamber pott - ~ «. 00: 

one brass morter and pestill one' brass bassin 00: 05: 06 

Copper : 
one' Copper Skimer .00: 01: 00 

Two Tynn pans and one Tjmh funnel! 00 02 06 

Iron ware: 

Three* Iron potts and potthookes two pare of hangers & 

one* Ketle ^ 02: 00: 00 

one frying pan one spitt one* pare* of Tonges one' flesh 

hooke* 00: 08: 00 

one box smothin Iron and two heaters 00: 04: 00 

Two single" smothin Irons ~ 00: 03: 00 

Two broad hoes six narrow hoes* two pitching axes one' 

large Iron Chaine' two botle' rings 01: 10: 00 

Two Chests w'** lockes boys and hinges 01: 04: 00 

one spining wheele - 00: 07: 00 


one* sicke Dropsecall deceased Negro woman 02 00 00 

one* Negro boy two yeares old OS: 00: 00 

Cattle :' 

Two Cowes one' heifer Calfe' and one' bull of 15 months 

old - 17: 00: 00 

Debts oweing to the Deceased: 

flrom M' Oldys and M": Carner twenty bushells of 

Corne ...~ 02 : 10 : 00 

Left in the' hands of Mr : Hooker : in y*' Isleland of Bar- 
bados in ready money — 68: 11: 00 

The' pticulars was taken and appraised by us the* day and 
yeare' above' written as wittnes our hands 

Ralph : Marshall the marke' of 

John) Sullivan 


Debts oweinge by the Deceased 

i S d 

To Doctor Bodett — 01: 00: 00 

To M': Midwinter 00:: 06: 00 

To John Dunohoe 00: : 11 : 11 

To the' Secretary 

ffunerall Expences 

To three" gall of wine - 00: 09: 00 

To three gall and a halfe of. Rum - 00: 14: 00 

flFor board for the Coffin ^ ^. 00 03 00 

01: 06: 00 

George Cantey of Berkley. 
I. I. 

George Cantey, son of Teige Cantey, was one of the pas- 
sengers by "the first fleet," sailing from Barbados and 
reaching South Carolina in March 1670*. His name ap- 
pears on Mar. 22, 1670-71, as a freeholder;* and on June 
18, 1672, he is mentioned as liable for military service 
"with two men able to bear arms."' He received an allot- 
ment of land in the first settlement, on the West bank of 
the Ashley River,* and later in the new one, where the City 
of Charleston now is.* He was granted land at various 
times in Berkeley County, on the North side of the Ashley, 
one grant, Feb. 8, 1704, being of 1,000 acres;* and he seems 
to have left Charleston at an early period and settled on 
these plantations. 

Soon after his arrival he sent for his father and had him 
join him, probably in 1672. The last reference to him we 
have is in a deed of gift of "George Cantey, senior" to his 
granddaughter Martha Ladson, April 2, 1714.* 

*Shaftsbury Papers. S. C. Hist. Soc. Coll 5. PP- 271. 340. 3C6. 

(In some of these references Teige and George are confused.) 

•"JI. of Grand Council. 1671-1680," p. 36. 
*See "Culpepper's draught of Ashley River/* made about July- 

Aug., 1671 ; frontispiece of Vol. 5. S. C. Hist. Soc. Coll., or 

Charleston Year Book, 1883 
•Hist. Commission, Columbia, "Bk. 1672-92," p. 124. 
•Ibid. pp. 52; **Reg. Rec. Bk. 2." p. 88; Memorial Books 2. 3 and 
4\ M. C. 0., Charleston, Y., p. 20. 
'Charleston P. C. 1714-17. Misc. 


He was a member of the jury, July 1692;* an assessor 
for the North side of the Ashley in 1703 ;* a member of the 
Commons for Berkley in 1703 and 1704*; and a Vestryman 
of St. James's, Goose Creek, in 1707." 

As appears from various grants and deeds, the name of 
George Cantey's wife was Martha;" and the names of four 
children are known," there being no reason to suppose that 
there were any others. 
Issue : Order of birth not known. 

4. i John Cantey b. about 1675, d. 1724, m. (i) ; 

(2) Ann 

5. ii William Cantey b , d. 1729, m. before Nov., 

1703, Arabella Oldys. 

6. lii Sendiniah Cantey b , d. 1740, Dec. 9, m. 

James Boswood. 

7. iv Elizabeth Cantey b , d , m. 1692, 

Sept., Thomas Elmes. 


Capt. William Cantey of Dorchester. 

I. 2. 

William Cantey, son of Teige Cantey, was, like his elder 
brother, George, one of the early settlers of South Carolina. 
The earliest grant to him was on June i, 1679,* when he 
is described as "one of the free persons of this province." 
Other grants followed in 1682, and 1713.* 

He was placed in command of one of the military com- 
panies at an early date, as appears from the records of the 

•"Jl. of Grand Council, Apr. 11, 1692-Scpt. 26, 1692," p. 46. 
•S. C. Statutes, Vol. 2, p. 222. 
"Tl. of Commons, Hist. Comm.. Columbia. 

"Dalcho's "Historical Account of the P. E. Church in South Caro- 
lina." p. 245. 

"Memorial Bk. 2. p. 67, etc. (Earliest dite, 1674; latest, 1708.) 
""son John," will of Teige Cantey; 
"son William," Mem. Bk. 2. p. 67, etc. ; 

"dau. Sendiniah Boswood" and "son-in-law James Boswood;" ib.; 
"dau. Elizabeth ;" marriapre license with Thomas Elmes. Sept. 2, 

1692. Court of Ordinary, 1672-1692, p. 49Z Hist Comm., 

*Hist. Comm., Columbia, "Bk. 1672-92." p. 163. 
•Ibid, Reg. Rec. Bk. 2, p. 170; Mem. Bk. 3, p. 181. 


Assembly of 1703, of which he was a member, being en- 
rolled as "Capt. William Cantey/" He was also a member 
of Assembly for Berkeley, in the years 1696, 1697 and 
1704/ In the attack on the City of Charleston by the 
French and Spaniards, in Sept. 1706, he commanded a 
company, which, with Capt. Fenwicke's, signally defeated 
and routed the enemy,* at Hobcaw in Christ Church Parish. 

He died about 17 16, as his widow Jane Cantey, in a pe- 
tition* for the division of his estate, July 15, 1724, says that 
he had died about nine years before and that his will had 
been lost. She also says that the eldest son, James, was not 
of age at the time of his father's death, but was at the date 
of her petition, and she refers to five other children, but 
not by name. Accordingly a commission, consisting of 
Hon. Ralph Izard, Walter Izard, James Waring, Richard 
Butler and Gelson Qapp, was appointed to divide his prop- 
erty, consisting of 22 slaves; and they made their report 
Feb. 12, 1725,' having divided the slaves between Mrs. 
Jane Cantey, James Cantey, Samuel Cantey, Joseph Cantey, 
Joseph White, Capt. Wm. Bellinger and James McQoglin. 

In the will of Richard Baker,* written Jan. 8, 1697-8 and 
proved July 24, 1698, he mentions his wife Elizabeth, sev- 
eral children, his "son-in-law William Cantey," (called also 
"son"), and "son" John Pamor [Palmer?]. No reference 
is made to a daughter Jane. It appears then that either 
William Cantey married Jane Baker, or, Richard Baker 
married Elizabeth Cantey, widow of Teige. 
Issue : Order of birth not known. 

8. i James Cantey b. before 1703, d. 1735, m, 1723, 

July 24, Elizabeth Stevens. 

9. ii Joseph Cantey b. before 1704, d. 1763, Jan 23, m. 


Ibid, Jl. of Commons; see also Charleston P. C, "legT-iriO," p. 55, 
'*Capt. Wm. Cantey" appointed appraiser of estate of Benj. Blanchard, 
Mav 20. 1702. 

*Ibid, JL of Commons. 

•S. C. Gazette, June 2, 1766, reprint of extract of the Boston News 
Letter of Oct. 7-Oct. 14, 1706. No. 130. See also Carroll's Historical 
Collections, Vol. I, pp. 161, 162. 

•Charleston P. C, 1724-25, pp. 11. 58. 

Ibid. 1729-31, p. 123; see also P. C. 1722-26; pp. 253. 254. 

*Ibid. 1687-1710, Misc. Vol. Richard Baker was an Assistant Ji^se 
in 1692 and a Member of Assembly in 1696. 



ID. iii Samuel Cantey b. after 1704, d. before Feb. 19, 

1762, m. Ann 

iv Mary Cantey* b , d. before Dec. 15, 1724, 

m. Capt. William Bellinger. 

V Cantey, m. Joseph White. 

vi Cantey, m. James McCloglin. 

Capt. John Cantey of Goose Creek. 

I. I. I. 

John Cantey, son of George and Martha Cantey, was, 
according to the statement of his grandson, John Peyre,* 
"the third white male child" born in the settlement at 
Charlestown; and he certainly was born before Sept. 21, 
1678, the date of his grandfather's will. His own will was 
written May 19, 1724,' (although no copy now exists) ; and 
he died before April, 1725.* He was married twice; the 
name of his first wife is not known; that of the second was 

He received numerous grants in St. George's Parish and 
elsewhere, and was prominent in the civil, religious and 
military life of the new country. In 1706 and 1713 he was 
a member of Assembly, and in 1714 he was elected but re- 

*Capt. William Bellinger administered the estate of his wife, Mary, 
Dec. 15. 1724. Charleston P. C. 1724-25. p. 72. 

*"The Fey re Book/' now in the possession of John Peyre Thomas, 
Jr.. Esq., Columbia. S. C. 

•Memorial Book 3, p. 191. 

'Joseph J. Child (wife Mary) in his will. May 12. 1715. names his 
"brother, John Cantey." as his executor; but when the will is proved. 
April 9. 1725, the latter is dead. Charleston P. C. 1724-25. pp. 138-140. 

*0n Oct. 2, 1736. Martha Diston, Mary Cantey and John Stevens, 
who intermarried with Elizabeth Cantey, daughters of John Cantey 
and co-heirs of their brother. Epaphroditus Cantey, of Berkeley, dec, 
deed to Charles Cantey, 200 acres, etc. Charleston M. C O.. Z, p. 178. 
In the Peyre Book, Charles and Sarah Cantey are entered as the 
children of John and Ann Cantey. It follows that John Cantey was 
married twice; and also that by Oct., 1736, there was no direct male 
issue of the first marriage living; but it is possible that there were 
other children than those named, by both marriages. Ann Cantey, 
possibly the widow of Capt. John, was a witness for the wills of 
members of the Diston family, in the year 1743. Charleston P. C, 


fused to serve.* In 171 5, 1716 and 1719 he was a tax com- 
missioner for English Santee.' In 1707 he was a vestry- 
man of St. James's, Goose Creek; and in 1717* he was a 
commissioner for building St. George's Church.* He was 
a Captain of the militia, and took part in several Indian 
campaigns; in March, 1 712-3, he was in the second expedi- 
tion against the Tuscaroras, under Col. Moore;* and in 
171 5-16 he was with Capt. Chicken in the campaign against 
the Yemassees.* In 171 7 he was a commissioner for in- 
specting Rangers for the Western range; and in 1718 
he was designated to furnish supplies for the men going 
against the Cherokees.** 
Issue": First wife; order of birth not known. 

i John Cantey, will dated 1729, July 18; d. before 

1736, and no male issue living at that date, 
ii George Cantey d. before 1736, and at that date 
had no living male issue. The last record of 
him is in Feb., 1724. 
iii Epaphroditus Cantey d. before Oct. 1737, and at 
that date had no living male issue. He was liv- 
ing in 1733. 

11. iv Martha Cantey, will dated 1743, Nov. 19, proved 

1752, Mar. 28; m. 1719, Jan. 16, Charles Diston. 

12. V Elizabeth Cantey d. before Oct. 1736; m. John 

vi Mary Cantey, unm. in Oct. 1736. 
Second wife. 

13. vii Charles Cantey b. 1718, d. 1780, Oct. 10; m. (i), 

before Oct. 1746, Harriet Drake, (2) about 
1759, Ann Drake. 

•Jl. of Commons, Columbia. 

•S. C. Statutes, Vol. 2, pp. 628, 667, Vol. 3. p. 72. 

'Ibid, Vol. 3, p. 10; Dalcho. loc. cit., pp. 245 and 346. 

•S. C. Hist. Mag. X, pp. 37, 38. 

•Charleston Year Book, 1894, p. 326, et scq. 

••S. C. Statutes, Vol. 3, pp. 25, 34. 

"See note *. John Cantey, Jr., is called "brother" in will of Charles 
Diston, (who married Martha Cantey), March 28, 1725 (Charleston P. 
C, 1729-31, p. 420). The date of his will is found in Memorial Book 
3, p. 191. 

George Cantey is referred to in will of Charles Diston as uncle of 
his soa In Feb., 1724, he is witness for a deed of James Cantey. 
Charleston M. C. O.. D. 269. 


14* viii Sarah Cantey b. 1720, Mar. 29; d. 1771, Dec 24; 
HL 1747, Samuel Pcyre. 


William Cantey of Craven. 

I. I. 2. 

William Cantey, son of George and Martha Cantey, is 
referred to in the early records as William Cantey, Jr., or 
as William Cantey of Craven. He died intestate; and his 
estate was administered in Oct. 1729.* He married, before 
Nov. 1703, Arabella Oldys,* daughter of Joseph Oldys;" 
but it is not known whether she was the modier of his 
children, or not. 

He was a tax commissioner for English Santee in 171 5,* 
and was the owner of extensive plantations. 
Issue :' 

'Charleston P. C, 1721-31, p. 206. 

•Columbia. Reg. Rec. Bk. F,pp. 7 and a 

•Joseph Oldys was Deputy-Secretary of the Province, in 1688 and 
also Deputy-Register. S. C. Hist. Mag., V, p. 227; "Jl. of Grand 
Council, 1671-1680," p. 13. George Cantey was the executor of bis 
estate, July 15, 1692. 

*S. C. Statutes, Vol. 2, p. 628. 

■Josiah Cantey is called "son and heir" of William Cantey in a 
deed of March 20, 1731. Charleston M. C O. N. 1. (See also M. C 
O., H, p. 121.) The evidence as to William Cantey having had the 
other three children, as stated above, is indirect, but, in the opinion 
of the writer, conclusive. It is as follows: 

a. There are three William Canteys definitely known as of this 
generation : 1. William, son of Josiah, b. 1732, see 27 ; Z William, son 
of Capt. James, b. about 1726, see 23; 3. William, son of Samuel, b. 
1733, see 10. In the deed referred to above, of March 20^ 1731, William 
Cantey is referred to as "senior;" and there is a William Cantey, who 
was certainly married before the summer of 1747, see 16. For these 
reasons and others given below it seems that there was a 4th William 
Cantey, son of William Cantey, Senior. 

b. Capt. John Cantey died in 1724 or 5, and his son, John, was 
dead by 1/36; but there was a John Cantey (later known as "of Pine 
Tree Hill") who was married by 1749. He could not have been a son of 
Capt. James, or of Capt Joseph; for the names of all their children 
are known; he may have been a son of Samuel (see 10), but it is 
much more propable that he was a son of William Cantey of Craven, 
as will appear below. 

c. Mary Cantey married on Oct. 11, 1738, so she was bom probably 
in or before 1722. The only Mary Canteys definitely identified are: 
1. Mary, d«u. of Capt. John, who was certainly unmarried in 1736, 
see 4; 2. Mary, dau. of Capt James, who was certainly not bom until 
after 1724, see 8; 3. Mary, dau. of Capt. Joseph, whose life is well 


15. i Josiah Cantey b. before 1708, d. 1773; m. (i) 
1731, Oct. 3, Elizabeth Boswood, (2) Susannah 

16. 11 William Cantey, m. before 1748, Elizabeth 

17. iii John Cantey d. 1792, m. 1749, Mary McGirt. 

18. iv Mary Cantey, m. i738> Oct. 11, Richard Richardson 

Sendiniah Cantey. 

I. I. 3- 

Sendiniah Cantey, daughter of George and Martha 
Cantey, died Dec 9, 1740, (St. Andrew's Parish Reg- 
ister). She married James Boswood/ 
Issue : All that are known. 

i William Boswood. 

ii Elizabeth Boswood.* 

known, see 27. If Samuel Cantey had a daughter, Mary, she must have 
been born after 1725, see 10. Therefore, it seems that this Mary, who 
was married in 1738, must have been a daughter of William Cantey, of 

d. Richard Richardson, husband of Mary Cantey, was named by 
Josiah Cantey as his executor. 

e. Josiah, William and John Cantey and Richard Richardson were 
associated in many ways: 

1. William and John Cantey are executors of Richard Middle- 
ton, 1750. Charleston P. C, 1747-52, p. 382. 

Z William Cantev and Richard Richardson are executors of 
John Scott, 1751. Charleston P. C, 1752-56, p. 533. 

3. Josiah and William Cantey are witnesses for a deed of 
John Cantey. 1754. Charleston M. C. O., E. 3, p. 16& 

4. William and John Cantey evidently lived near each other, 
for the children of both families were baptized within the 
same week, 1753, Dec, in Prince Frederick Parish. 

5. When St. Mark's Parish was organized, in 1757, Richard 
Richardson, William and John Cantey and James McGirt 
(father-in-Law of John Cantey) were four of the Commis- 

See also 15, 16^ 17 and 18. 

It seems fair to conclude, therefore, that William, John and Mary 
Cantey were of the same family with Josiah. 

'Called son-in-law by George Cantey in deed, Sept., 1708. Mem. 
Bk. 2, p. 67. 

Tames Boswood, Sen., d Feb. 25, 1730/ [31]. St. Andrew's Reg. 

*An Elizabeth Boswood married, in 1731, Josiah Cantey, son of 
William Cantey of Craven. See 15. 


iii Mary Boswood,* m. Tliomas Mell. 
? iv James Boswood. 
[? V. Sendiniah Boswood, m. Thomas Wood, Feb. 3, 
1735; She d. 1739, St. A. Reg. — ^Editor.] 


Elizabeth Cantey.* 

I. I. 4. 

Elizabeth Cantey, daughter of George and Martha 
Cantey, married,* in Sept. 1692, Thomas Elmes, planter. 
But few items in regard to him have been recovered : He 
was a witness to the will of Paul Parker, 17 Sept., 1690;' 
and was appointed administrator* of the estate of Job 
Bishop, 31 March, 1693, by Gov. Philip Ludwell, his bonds- 
men being Thos. Rose and Nicholas Marden. Job Bishop 
left half of his estate to his daughter "Mary Bishop,'* and 
the other half to "William Elmes," but nothing shows what 
was the relationship between the parties, if any; Thomas 
Elmes witnessed the will. Elmes' own will,* dated Jan. 
24, 1723-4, and proved Jan 15, 1724-5, mentions wife 
Elizabeth, eldest son Thomas Elmes (under 21), son Sam- 
uel Elmes, daughter Martha Ladson, (to whom slaves and 
stock, given "her instead of a persall of land left her by 
her grandfather"), daughter Mary Green, daughter Mar- 
garet Smith, daughter Sarah Elmes (under 16) ; executors, 
wife Elizabeth, sons-in-law William Ladson and Emanuel 
Smith, brother-in-law James Boswood. Elizabeth Elmes, 
widow, and Wm. Ladson qualified, Jan. 15, 1724-5; James 
Boswood renounced. 
Issue : As named in father's will. 

'James Boswood and wife, Sindinah, deed of gift to well beloved 
son, Thomas Mell and wife, Mary, Nov. 26, 1730. Charleston M. C 
O., J. 184. 

♦These notes* concerning Elizabeth Cantey and her children were 
compiled by M. Alston Read, Esq., (July 14, 1910). 

•Marriage Bond, 2 Sept., 1692. Ct. Ord., 1672-92, p. 492. 
•Ct. Ord., Bk. 1672-92. 

•Charleston P. C, Bk. 1692-93, pp. 29 and 37. 
•Charleston P. C, Bk. 1724-25, p. 95. 


19. i Thomas Elmes (eldest son, b. 1703, or later), m. 

Anna Hasford.* 
ii Samuel Elmes (bom 1704, or later), d.' 1757, no 

20. ill Martha Elmes (b. 1698, or earlier),' d. Nov. , 

1750; m." before 1714, William Ladson. 

21. iv Mary Elmes b. about 1703, m.,* (i) 27 Nov., 1719, 

John Green," (2) Bailey, (3)"* William 


22. V Margaret Elmes, b. about 1705, d. after Jan. 24, 

1723-4 and before Aug. 1744; m." Feb. 1721, 
Emanuel Smith. 
VI Sarah Elmes b. 1707, or later; under 16 in 1723-4." 


Capt. James Cantey of Ashley Ferry. 

I. 2. I. 

James Cantey, eldest son of Capt. William and Jane 
Canity, was not of age when his father died, about 1716, but 
was 21 by July 1724;* so he was born before 1703. On 
July 24, 1723 (St. Andrew's Parish Register), he married 
Elizabeth Stevens, daughter of John and Abigail (Lord) 

•Deed of Dec. 18, 1747. Charleston M. C. O.. E. E.. p. 55; and will 
of Samuel Elmes. Charleston P. C, Bk. 1761-77, p. 510. 

•Will dated 14 Nov., 1757, proved 9 Dec, 1757. Charleston P. C, 
Bk. 1761-77, p. 510. 

'"Martha Ladson. Widow, buried Nov. 7*\ 1750." St. Andrew's 

•Deed of Gift of grandfather Geo. Cantey, April 2, 1714. Charles- 
ton P. C, 1714-17, Misc. Rec. and will of Tho* Elmes, mentions 
son-in-law, William Ladson (see above). 

•St. Andrew's Register. 

"Will of Susannah Green, spinster— "Brother ^ Richard Bailey." 
Charleston P. C, Bk. 1740-47, p. 392, together with will of Samuel 
Elmes— "Richard Bealsy, my well beloved Nephew/' Ibid, Bk. 1761-77, 
p. 510. 

"Will of Susannah Green, Spinster, 8 Sept., 1747. "My honoured 
Mother, Mary Fishbome ;" will of Samuel Elmes, 14 Nov., 1757 — ^"Mary 
Fishbum, my Dearly Beloved Sister" 

*'St. Andrew's Register. 

"It would seem that she died unmarried; at least no mention is 
made of her or of any children of hers, in the will of her brother, 
Samuel Elmes, 14 Nov., 1757. 

^Charleston P. C, 1724-25, pp. 11, 58. 


Stevens; and he died in 1735 probably, as the inventory of 
his estate was filed Aug. 16, of that year/ 

In a deed of Feb. 7, 1724, he is described as James Cantey 
of Ashley Ferry.* In 1734 he was a Captain of Rangers.* 

[His widow married on July 24, 1738, Anthony Williams 
(Prince Frederick Parish Register) ; and the estate of the 
latter was administered by Elizabeth Williams and William 
Cantey, as "next of kin," Jan. 31, 1772."] 
Issue :* 

1 Elizabeth Cantey, living 1733. 

23. ii William Cantey, living 1733. 
iii Mary Cantey, living 1733. 

iv Sarah Cantey b. before Mar. 31, 1733, living unm. 

24. V James Cantey b. after Mar. 31, 1733, d. 1794; m. 

1773, June 10, Margaret Anderson. 


Capt Joseph Cantey of St. Mark's. 

I. 2. 2. 

Joseph Cantey, son of Capt. William and Jane Cantey, 
was born in or before 1704, because at the time his elder 
brother was appointed guardian of his brother Samuel, 
Jan. 17, 1725, there was no application made concerning 

"Charleston P. C, 1732-36, p. 19. 

•Charleston M. C. O., D. 269. 

'Records in the office of the Historical Commission, Colttmbia; 
also S. C. Stat., Vol 3, p. 392. 

•Charleston P. C. Rec; Ct. of Ord., 1771-75. Sec also Garette, 
Mar. 3, 1772. 

N. B. On December 30, 1769, John Williams, of St. Mark's Parish, 
sells, as heir-at-law to his late brother, Anthony Willi&ms, 100 acres, 
etc. — (Original deed now in possession of the family.) 

Also, in the will of James Cantey, of Georgia, Augfast l5» 1799, he 
says h's grandmother, Elizabeth Cantey, widow of James Cantey, mar- 
ried Philip Williams. (There is evidently a confusion of names.) 

•The first four children fere named, in the order given, in the will 
of their grandmother. Mrs. Abigail Stevens, written March 31, 1733. 
Charleston P. C, 1744-5.) The fifth child was James, as is stated 
in the will of his son James, referred to above. 

'On Jan. 19, 1754 Sarah Cantey gives bond to deliver property to 
William Cantey, both of St. James', Santee, Samuel Cuitey being a 
witness. Charleston P. C, 1754-58» p. 433. 


him, and one may assume that he was of age.* He died 
Jan. 23, 1763; his wife, Mary, having died Aug. 2, 1761.' 

He received numerous grants of land in Craven Co., and 
for many years was associated with Prince Frederick Par- 
ish, but later with St. Mark's.* In 1757 he was appointed 
one of the commissioners for building St. Mark's Church; 
and there are many references to him in Dr. Burgess' 
"History of St, Mark's Parish." 

He was Captain of militia, certainly as early as 1737;* 
probably before. In 1754 and 1755 he was a member of 
the Commons from Prince Frederick Parish;* and for 
many years he was a Justice of the Peace for Craven 

His plantation near the Santee River was called "Mount 
Hope," and the title deeds are still in the possession of his 
descendants. He bought it in 1739; and part of the land 
was set aside and is still used as the family burial-ground.' 
Issue :* Order of birth not known. 

25. i Samuel Cantey b. 1731, June 7, d. 1776, Dec. 16; 

m. (i) 1756, Feb. 12, Ann , (2) 1760, 

May 18, Martha Brown, 
ii Joseph Cantey d. 1763, Sept. 23. 
iii Josiah Cantey d. 1763, Oct. 10. 

26. iv John Cantey d. 1786, May 15; m (i) before 1766, 

Margaret , (2) Hannah Connor, (3) 

after 1780, Mrs. Susannah (McDonald) Flud. 

'Charleston P. C, 1722-26. Misc., p. 253. 

'These dates and those given of his first four children below are 
taken from the Family Bible of his eldest son, Samuel, which is now 
in the possession of his descendants. 

•S. C. Statutes, Vol. 3, p. 440; Dalcbo, loc. cit., etc. 

•Charleston M. C. O., R. 435. 

*J\, of Commons* Columbia. 

•S. C. Gazette, Nov. 29, 1767; Feb. 2, 1769, etc 

*Ch2.rleston M. C O., Y. 545. 

*Most of these dates are taken from the Family Bible; that of the 
birth of Martha is given in the Register of Prince Frederick Parish. 
On January 4, 1762, Joseph Cantey deeds slaves to his daughters, 
Mary Jameson and Martha Nelson. (Charleston P. C, M. M., pp. 
79, 481.) This is probably a complete list of the children of Capt 
Joseph; for the records in Samuel Cante/s Bible are unusually 


27. V Mary Cantey i 1817; m. (i) before 1762, William 

Jameson, (2) 1767, Thomas Stmiter. 
vi Martha Cantey b. 1742, Apr. 12; m. before 1762, 

Samuel Cantey of Prince Frederidc 

I. 2. 3- 
Samuel Cantey, son of Capt William and Jane Cantey, 
was bom after 1704, as on Jan. 17, 1725, his elder brother 
James was a|^x>inted his g^uardian;' and he died early in 
1762 probably, as on Feb. 19, of that year his son Josejdi 
C^tey, Jr., obtained a citation to administer his estate.' 

On July 17, 1 73 1 he bought land in Dorchester,* but later 
moved to Prince Frederick Parish, across the Santee. In 
1757 he was elected an Overseer of the Parish.* His wife's 
name was Ann; her name and the names of the following 
children, are found in the Register of the Parish.' 

i William Cantey b. 1733, July 21 ; bapt 1742, June 

28. ii Joseph Cantey b. 1735, Jan. 26; bapt 1742, June 

18; d. before Aug. 16, 1781; m. Ann 

iii Jane Cantey b. 1740, Mar. 19. 

Possibly other, either younger or older, sec 
Notes I and 9. 


Martha Cantey. 

I. I. I. 4. 

Martha Cantey, daughter of Capt. John Cantey and his 
first wife, married Charles Diston* on Jan. 16, 1719 (St 

"Charleston P. C. 1722-26. Misc., p. 253. 

•Charleston P. C, Bundle. 

"Memorial Book 2, p. 98. 

•Parish Register. 

*0n June 18^ 1742, two of his children were baptized, as was also 
one of Capt. Joseph Cantey; and on June 17 two children of James 
McGirt were baptized. [See 17.] 

"His will was written March 28, 1725, and proved April 25, 1731. 
Charleston P. C, 1729-31, 420. 


Andrew's Parish Register). Her will was dated Nov. 19, 
1743, but was not proved until Mar. 28, 1752.* 
Issue: As given in the parents' wills. 

i Thomas Diston, (named in father's, but not in 

mother's will), 
ii Mary Diston, m. before 1743, William Walter. 
Issue: i Richard Walter.* 


Elizabeth Cantey. 

I. I. I. 5. 

Elizabeth Cantey, daughter of Capt. John Cantey and 
his first wife, died before Oct. 1736, the date of a deed of 
the heirs of her brother, Epaphroditus, in which her hus- 
band represents her. She married John Stevens,* son of 
John and Abigail (Lord) Stevens, and brother of Eliza* 
beth Stevens, who married Capt. James Cantey. 
Issue : 

i Martha Stevens b. before Mar. 31, 1733. 
Possibly others. 


Charles Cantey of St. Stephen's. 

I. I. I. 7. 

Charles Cantey, son of Capt. John and Ann Cantey, was 
bom in the Summer of 1718; for, according to the records 
in The Peyre Book, he died of smallpox on Oct. 10, 1780, 
"aged 62 years and about 2 months." He was twice mar- 
ried, first, before- Oct. 1746, to Harriet Drake, daughter of 
William and Elizabeth (Drake) Drake;* second, about 

'Charleston P. C, 1747-52. 

•Possibly he is the Richard Walter who married Harriet Cantey, 
daughter of Charles- Cantey, See 29. 

He was "not 20" at the time of his grandmother's will. 

*He and his daughter, "under 16," are mentioned in the will of his 
mother, March 31, 1733. Charleston P. C, 1744-5. 

*Mem. Book 7, p. 534. Charles Cantey entered memorial, June 10, 
1751. for 980 acres devised by "will of William Drake, Aug. 3, 1738^ 
to his daughter, Harriet, who married Charles Cantey." 

Charleston M. C. O., K K. 60, "Charles Cantey and wife Harriet, 
etc," Oct. 1, 1746. 


- first cousin, Ann Drake, daughter of Jonathan 
[Loveridge) Drake/ 

d extensive plantations in St Stephen's Parish, 
ling called "Mattesee." In 1762 he was a com- 
or erecting St. Stephen's ;* and for many years 
ustice of the Peace.* In the years 1757, 1758, 
and 1768, he was a member of Assembly;' and 
sat in both sessions of the Provincial Congress, 
1 daughters were famed far and wide for their 

rst wife. Order of birth not known, 
arriet Cantey d. 1792; m. 1765, May 2, Richard 

lizabeth Cantey d. 1783, Oct; m. (i) 1771, 
^arch, Rene Peyre, (2) after 1773, Peter Sink- 

1 P71irT761-77, po. 228 and "446. Mrs. Mary Drake in 
•vcd April 29, 1768) names her daut^her, Anne Cantey, 
ler son-in-law, Charles Cantey, executor ; Jonathan Drakes 
Vlary Drake, in his will dated March 20, 1770, names his 
antey, and her daughter, Margaret Cantey, and appoints 
n-law, Charles* Cantey, executor. [Elizabeth Drake, 
s first wife, and Jonathan Drake, father of his second 
►th children of Jonathan and Mary Drake; but the rela- 
'illiam Drake to this family is not known.] 
utes, Vol. 4, p. 163; Dalcho: loc. cit. 
;tte, Oct. 31, 1765; Nov. 29, 1767; Feb. 2, 1769, etc.. etc 
jess' History of St. Mark's Parish. 
iO. Jl. of Commons, Columbia. 
Zrjidy: History of So. Car. 

1st and 2d Provincial Congresses. Journals. 
S'nkler, in her will, written Oct. 19, 1783. and proved 

(Charleston P. C, Book A, p. 222) named her sisters: 

Ann (dec), Sarah (dec), Harriet, Margaret and 
s no children), and her brothers: Charles Cantey, James 
lichard Walter. 

ssfure's Reports, II, p. 128, there is- an abstract of the 
itors of Sinkler vs. Legatees of Sinkler. from which one 
t that Charles Cantey died intestate; that he had eight 
t Charles, Jr., was the only son and was not the son of 
e; that two of James Sinkler's wives were daughters of 
ey, his last wife being Margaret; and that Mary Cantey 
ho married John Peyre, was the daughter of Harriet 
5re may be some doubt as to the distribution of the 
le two wives, as given in the text; and it is passible that 
lore than two wives; but there is no evidence to cause 

the S. C. Gazette, Dec. 25, 1770, there is- notice of th« 
s. Mary C^intey, wife of Charles Cantey, of St Stephen's." 

a mistake, for "Ann"; or there may have been another 
ey who is otherwise not known. 


ill Mary Cantey b. 1757, Jan. 24, A 1801, Sept. 9; 
m. 1776, Apr. 25, John Peyre, her first cousin, 
son of Samuel Peyre and Sarah Cantey. No 

31. iv Charlotte Cantey, m. Benjamin Walker, Jr. 

32. V Ann Cantey d. before Oct. 1783; m. John Drake. 

33. vi Sarah Cantey d. before Oict. 1780; m. Capt. 

James Sinkler, (his second wife). 
Second wife. 

34. vii Charles Cantey, Jr., b. 1760, Nov., d. 1789, Oct. 

20, ; m. Margaret Evance. 

35. viii Margaret Cantey b. about 1763, d. 1821, Dec. 4; 

m. Capt. James Sinkler, (his third wife). 


Sarah Cantey. 

I. I. I. 8. 

Sarah Cantey, daughter of Capt. John and Ann Cantey, 
was bom Mar. 29, 1720 and died Dec. 24, 1771. In 1747 
she married Samuel Peyre (b. 1715, d. 1758, Mar. 7), son 
of David and Judith Peyre.* [These and the following 
dates are taken from The Peyre Book.] 
Issue : 

1 Samuel Peyre b. 1748-9, Feb. 23, d. 1785, Apr. 7; 

ii John Peyre b. 1 750-1, Feb. i, d. 1807, Apr. 8; m. 
1776, Apr. 25, Mary Cantey, daughter of Charles 

^Another son of David and Judith Teyre was Ren^ Peyre (d. 1765), 
who m. (1) Floride Bonnean, (2) Mr&-. Hannah (Simons) Hasell, (3) 
Catherine Cleave, and who had issue: 
first wife, 
i Rene Peyre, d. 1773, Dec; m. 1771, Mar. Elizabeth Cantey, 

daughter of Charles Cantey, see 30. 
ii Judith Peyre, m. John Gaillard. 
iii Floride Peyre, d. unm. 
iv Elizabeth Peyre. 

second wife, 

V Anne Peyre, m. 1772, July 15, Thomas Ashby. 

vi Francis Peyre, d. 1819; m. (1) Catherine Sinkler, daughter of 
Peter SinVler and Catherine Palmer; (2) 1800, Aug. 19, 
Mary Peyre Walter, daughter of Thomas Walter and Ann 
Peyre. Sec 36. 


Cantey and Harriet Drake, his first wife. No 
issue. For a sketch of his life see Samuel Du- 
bose's "Reminiscences of St. Stephen's Parish 
Craven County." 
iii Sarah Peyre b. 1753, Nov. 29, d. 1774, June; m. 
1773, May 20, Col. John Glaze. No issue. "He 
survived his wife over thirty years and lived in 
St. George's Parish, Dorchester." 

36. iv Ann Peyre b. 1755, Mar. 26, d ; m. 1777, 

Mar. 20, Thomas Walter. 
V Charles Peyre b. 1756, Oct. 21, d. 1 781,. Aug. 19, 
in a Continental Army Prison at Lancaster, Perm. 
He and his brother John were Loyalists during 
the Revolution. 

Josiah Cantey of St. Mark's. 
I. I. 2. I. 

Josiah Cantey, son of William Cantey of Craven, was 
certainly born before 1708;* and he died late in the autumn 
of 1773, as his will was dated Oct. 8 of that year and 
proved on Dec. 17.' He was twice married: First, on Oct 
3, 1 73 1,' to Elizabeth Boswood, (who died at the birth of 
her third child, and was buried Oct. 2, 1736); second, to 
Susannah* , who died before him. 

His father dying intestate, he inherited his real property 
in Craven County. He was living in St. Andrew's Parish 
in 1 73 1, but later moved to St. Mark's Parish, where he 
died. It is probable that he is the Josiah "Cantey who took 
part in Lyttleton's campaign, in the winter of 1759 and 
'60,* whose name appears in connection with the entertain- 
ment of the Indians, in 1764 and 1767,* who was inquirer 

'On March 20, 1731, he sells land. Charleston M. C. O., N. 1. 

•Charleston P. C, Bk. 1771-74. p. 492. 

•Register of St. Andrew's Parish. It is possible that she was a 
daughter of James Boswood and Sendiniah Cantey. See 6. 

*0n Feb. 21, 1752, Josiah Cantey and wife, Susannah, sold land in 
St. Andrew's Parish. Charleston M. C O., K KL, 240. 

•S C. Statutes, Vol. 4. pp. 123, 203, 280, 242. 


and collector for St. Mark's in 1766,* and who was a Jus- 
tice of the Peace in 1765/ 

He was intimate with the family of Col. Richard Rich- 
ardson, being a sponsor at the baptism of his son in 1758/ 
and appointed him to be his executor. 
Issue: First wife. (St. Andrew's Parish Register.) 

37. i William Cantey b. 1732, Nov. 6; m. Rebecca 

ii Anne Cantey, bapt. 1734, July 31; (unm. and 

called "unfortunate" in father's will.) 
iii George Cantey, bapt. 1736, Oct. 2, (not men- 
tioned in father's will). 
Second wife, (according to father's will, 1773). 
iv Elizabeth Cantey, m. [James] Brunson. 
V Martha Cantey, m. [Henry?] Richbourg. 

vi Comfort Cantey, m Green. 

vii Susanna Cantey, m Dennis. 

viii Rebecca Cantey, m Gale. 

ix Esther Cantey, [m., after 1773, Nathaniel Rich- 


Capt. William Cantey. 

I. I. 2. 2. 

William Cantey, son of William Cantey of Craven, lived 
in Prince Frederick Parish and later in St. Mark's. He 
was married before the Summer of 1747, and his wife's 
name was Elizabeth.^ (She was living as late as Aug. 


Richard Middleton in his will, written Feb. 19, 1749-50, 
leaves his estate under the care of William Cantey and John 
Cantey;* William Cantey, Richard Richardson and Wm. 
Scott are appointed executors in the will of John Scott, 
1751;* on Aug. 3, 1754, William Cantey, Josiah Cantey 
and Samuel Bacot were witnesses for John Cantey.* 

•S. C. Gazette. Oct 31, 1765. 

'A. S. Sallcy, Jr. "History of Orangeburg Co.," p. 179. 

"Register Prince Frederick Parish. 

*See deed, Aug.. 1756. Charleston M. C O., V, p. 130. 

•Charleston P C. 1747-52. p. 382. 

♦Charleston P. C, 1752-56. p. 533. 

■Charleston M. C. O., E. 3, p. 168. 


It is extremely probable that he is the WilKam Cantcy 
who was the commissioner for St. Mark's Parish in 1757, 
with Richard Richardson, Joseph Cantey, John Cantey and 
others;* and who, with John Cantey, was a Captain m 
Col. Richardson's regiment in Lyttleton's campaign against 
the Cherokees in the winter of 1759-60;' and it is pos- 
sible that he is the "William Cantey, senior," the inventory 
of whose estate was filed at Camden, Feb. 7, 1787. 
Issue : So far as is known ; Register of Prince Frederick 


i John Cantey, bapt. 1753, Dec. 5, aged syi years. 

ii Jona Cantey, bapt. 1753, Dec. 5, aged 354 years. 

iii George Cantey, bapt. 1753, Dec. 5, aged 11 months. 
(N. B. the children of John and Mary (McGirt) Can- 
tey were baptized three days before.) 


Capt. John Cantey of Camden. 
I. I. 2. 3. 

John Cantey, son of William Cantey of Craven, is often 
referred to in the records as "of Pinetree Hill," because 
he was an early settler of this tract, which later became the 
town of Camden.* He died on his plantation "Live Easy," 
a few miles below Camden, in 1792; letters of administra- 
tion being given his sons on Oct. li of that year.* His 
wife was Mary McGirt, daughter of Col. James McGirt,* 
and she is said to have been younger than he by many 

He lived after his marriage in Prince Frederick Parish, 

•Dalcho, loc. cit. 

•Records in the office of the Hist. Commission, Columbia. 

"Charleston M. C O., E. 3, 16Z May 12. 1753. 

Charleston M. C. O., E. 3, 184, Jan. 25, 1764. 

Charleston M. C. O., R. 3, 393. April 22, 1765. 

*Camden P. C. 

■James McGirt was married in St. Philip's Parish, on Oct. 12, 1732, 
to Priscilla Davison. He was a Commissioner for establishing St. 
Mark's Parish, in 1757; a Lieut. Col. in Col. Richardson's Regiment in 
the campaign of 1759-60; a Justice, etc. His son. Daniel, was the 
famoVs Loyalist "raider." See Johnson's 'Traditions," and "His- 
toric Camden," by Kirkland and Kennedy. 

•Family records. See "Historic Camden." 


was a commissioner for St. Mark's Parish in 1757,* and 
held many local offices up to nearly the time of his death*. 
He was Justice of the Peace for several years;' and in 
Lyttleton's campaign of the winter of 1759-60, against 
the Cherokees, he was Captain in Col. Richard Richardson's 
Issue :* 
38 i. Mary Cantey, bapt. 1753, Dec. 2, aged 4 years; 
[m. 1769, Nov. 19, Ely Kershaw.] 

39. ii Sarah Cantey, bapt. 1753, Dec. 2, aged 11 months; 

[b. 1753, Feb. 15, d. 1786, Feb. 12; m. 1770, John 

40. iii James Cantey b. 1755, d. 1817, Oct. 9; m. Martha 


41. iv Zachariah Cantey b. 1759, d. 1822, Sept. 9; m. 

Sarah Boykin. 


Mary Cantey. 

I. I. 2. 4. 

Mary Cantey, daughter of William Cantey of Craven, 
was the first wife of Col. Richard Richardson. They were 
married Oct. 11, 1738, (Prince Frederick Parish Register) ; 
and according to family tradition, she died thirteen years 
before her husband, that is in 1767. 

Richard Richardson was bom in Virginia about 1704, 
and he died on his plantations in South Carolina, in Sept. 
1780. His mother is said to have been a Miss Burchell. 
Few men played a more important part in the provincial 
history of South Carolina. He was repeatedly a member 
of Assembly, a delegate to the Provincial Congress of Jan. 
1775, a member of the Legislative Council in March 1776, 

•Dalcho, loc. cit. 

•S. C. Statutes-, Vol. 4, pp. 272, 692; Vol. 9. pp. 200. 212. 

*S. C. Gazette. 1765, Oct. 31; 1767, Nov. 29; 1769, Feb. 2, etc. Sec 
also "Historic Camden." 

•Records in the office of the Hist. Commission, Columbia. 

•The baptismal records of the first two children are given in the 
Register of Prince Frederick Parish ; and in the letters of administra- 
tion of his estate, James and Zachariah are called his sons; the other 
records are copied from family Bibles and newspapers. 


etc.; he was Colonel of the militia as early as 1757; was in 
the Cherokee wars of 1760 and 1761, in command of a 
regiment, was in command of the militia and regulars in 
the famous "Snow campaign" against the Tories at Ninety- 
Six, in the winter of 1775; assisted at the defeat of the 
British fleet at Charleston, in June 1776, and commanded 
the State militia at Purrysburg, in Dec. 1778, having been 
appointed Brigadier General March 25, 1778. At the sur- 
render of Charleston in 1780 he was taken prisoner and 
paroled. Later he was imprisoned, and his health failing 
he was sent home and soon died.* 

His second wife' was Dorothy Sinkler, (b. 1737, d. 1793, 
July 6), sister of Peter Sinkler. His will was dated Sept. 
2, 1780; but no copy now exists. According to a legal 
paper quoted in the S. C. Hist. Mag., Vol. 8, p. 173, he 
referred in his will to leaving six sons and three daughters, 
Thomas being the youngest child. 
Issue : Order of birth not known. 

42. i Richard Richardson, Jr., b. 1741, Mar. 4, d. 1818; 

m. 1 761, Dorcas Nelson. 

43. ii Martha Richardson, m. Col. Archibald McDonald. 

44. iii Rebecca Richardson b. 1752, Nov. 2, d. 1834, 

May 12; m. (i) Cooper, (2) 1774, 

John Singleton, 
iv Margaret Richardson d. before Sept. 1780. [Dr. 
Burgess' loc. cit.] 

45. V Edward Richardson d. 1808, June 26; m. 1776, 

Mar. 8, Rachel Heatley 

'Sec Johnson's "Traditions of the Revolution;" McCrady's History; 
Dr. Burgess* "History of St. Mark's Parish," etc 
"The children of this- second marriaee were : 

i James Burchell Richardson, b. 1770, Oct. 28; d. 1836. April 28; 
m. Anne Cantey Sinkler, daughter of James Sinkler and 
Sarah Cantey. See 33. 
ii John Peter Richardson, b. 1772, Oct. 20; d. 1811, Jan, 30; m. 
1792. May 12, Floride Bonneau Peyre, daughter of Rene 
Peyre and Elizabeth Cantey. See 30. 
til Charles Richardson, b. 1774, Nov. 20; d. 1829, May 22: m. 1801, 
Feb. 3, Elizabeth Eveleigh (b. 1774, Feb. 17; d. 1824, Nov. 
4), daughter of Thomas and Ann (Simmons) Eveleigh. 
Issue : 9 children ; 7 died young ; Juliana Augusta Manning m. 
John Peter Richardson 2d. ; Dorothea Ann m. William 
H. B. Richardson. 
iv Thomas Richardson d. before 1793, under 21. 


46. vi Susannah Richardson, m. Col. Laurence Manning. 

vii Ezekiah Cantey Richardson b. 1758, Sept. 28. (All 

that is known of him is the record of his birth 

and baptism, copied in Salley's "History of 

Orangeburg County.) 


Thomas Elmes. 

I. I. 4. I. 

Thomas Elmes, eldest son of Thomas Elmes and Eliza- 
beth Cantey, married Anna Hasford,* and had one child, a 
daughter, living unmarried in 1757. Thomas Elmes was 
born in 1703 or later,' and was living at late as Aug. 30, 
1748; when he died is not known to the compiler, but it was 
undoubtedly before Oct. 18, 1755, the date of his wife's 

Issue: (Named in mother's will.) 
i Sarah Elmes,* unm. in 1757. 


Martha Elmes. 

I. I. 4. 3. 

Martha Elmes, daughter of Thomas Elmes and Eliza- 
beth Cantey, married William Ladson, son of John and 

*Anna Elmes, of St. George's Parish, Berkeley Co., names in her 
will, written Oct. 18, 175S, nephew, John Keys, son of John Keys; 
dau., Sarah Elmes. Executors: Brother-in-law, Samuel Elmes and 
nephew, Thomas Ladson. Charleston P. C, Bk. 1752-55, p. 394. 

Joseph Hasford, of Berkeley Co., in his will dated August 30, 1748, 
names his son, Joseph Hasford (not 21) ; dau., Anna Elmes, wife of 
Thomas Elmes; dau., Rebecca Goodbe. wife of Alex' Goodbe; dau., 
Hannah Hasford; brother, Richard Hasford; executors: son-in-law, 
Thomas Elmes and Hugh Cartwright. Charleston P. C, 1747-52, p. 81. 
'He was under 21 when his father wrote his will. Jan. 24. 1723/4. 
•Will of Samuel Elmes, dated 14 Nov., 1757. "Sarah Elmes, my 
well beloved Neice, Daughter of Thomas- Elmes and Ann his 
wife," 1 bed and its furniture, 6 Silver teaspoons, tongs and 
strainer, and all remainder of negroes; and if she dies without 
heirs of her body, then said bequests to return to Richard Bailey, 
William Fishburn, Thomas Fishburn and Martha Brown, but 
if she should be married and have issue, then said bequests to 
be hers forever. (Charleston P. C. Bk. 1761-77. p. 510.) 
Samuel Elmes having no children of his own, left all his prop- 
erty to his neices and nephews. 


Mary (Stanyarne) Ladson; and an old mourning ring, still 
in the possession of the family, gives his birth in 1687 and 
his death in 1739. The Parish Register of St. Andrew's 
gives "William Ladson, buried Dec. 22, 1739." No will 
of this William Ladson has been found, but we know that 
Martha (Elmes) Ladson survived him, for the same reg- 
ister gives, "Martha, the daughter of Martha Ladson, 
widow, buried Feb. 10, 1739," and later gives, "Martha 
Ladson, widow, buried Nov. 7" 1750." She left a will.* 
Issue: Living in 1750, as named in her will. 

i William Ladson. 

ii Thomas Ladson, living 1755, when he was named 
as an executor in the will of his atmt, Anna 
Elmes, widow of Thomas. 

iii John Ladson. 

iv Mary Ladson. 

v Sarah Ladson, 


Mary Elmes, 
I. I. 4. 4. 

Mary Elmes, daughter of Thomas Elmes and Elizabeth 
Cantey, married (i) on Nov. 28, 1719, John Green of St. 
James' Parish, Goose Creek, Berkley County ; he died with- 
in a few years, leaving two infant daughters.* (Will dated 
April 23, 1723, and proved Nov. 7, 1723). Mary (Elmes) 

Green, widow, seems then to have married (2) 

Bailey,' by whom, apparently she had only one child, a son ; 
she then married (3) William Fishburn, of Beech Hill, St 
Paul's Parish, by whom she had at least three children. 
Issue: (As given by the wills cited.) First husband. 

"Charleston P. C, Bk. 1747-52, p. 461; will dated 1" Nov. 1750. 
proved 25** Oct., 1751. 

"Charleston P. C, Bk. 1722-24, p. 220. Left his property to wife, 
dau. Susannah, and child unborn. 

*0n May 16, 1727, Mary Bayly, widow, is granted administration 
on the estate of Joseph Bayly, late of Goose Creek, deceased. Charles- 
ton P. C, 1726-27, p. 452. [Possibly this refers to the present family.] 

•William Fishburn, in his will, dated Sept. 22, 1753. and proved 
Dec. 3, 1756, names- his wife, Mary, sons, William and Thomas, dau. 
Martha, dau. Eliz* Sanders; Executors: sons, William and Thomas 
Fishburn. Charleston P. C, 1752-56, p. 539. 


i Susanna Green b. about 1720-21, d/ 1747, Sept; 

ii Elizabeth Green b. 1723 (posthumous) ; m. be- 
tween 1737 and 1747, McKenzie. 

Second husband. 

iii Richard Bailey b. before* 1747. 
Third husband. 

iv William Fishburn b. before' 1747, d.* 1760; m. 

V Thomas Fishburn.* 

vi Martha Fishburn b. before 1747;"* m. by 1757, 
^ Brown. 

Margaret Elmcs. 

I. I. 4. 5. 

Margaret Elmes, daughter of Thomas Elmes and Eliza- 
beth Cantey, married' in Feb., 1721, Emanuel Smith, 
a widower. It has not been proved that she was the mother 
of any of his children; but a critical examination of such 
dates as the compiler has been able to find relating to the 
children of Emanuel Smith, makes it quite probable that 
his son Thomas Smith was by Margaret Elmes, who was 

*St Andrew's Register. 

•Charleston P. C, Bk. 1740-47, p. 392. Will dated 8 Sept., 1747. 
proved 18 Sept 1747, mentions "uncle Thomas Elmes," and is witnessed 
by Anna Elmes. 

•Will of her sister, Susannah Green, 1747 (8 Sept.). "My sister 
Elizabeth McKenzie;" will of Joshua Green (uncle), "Elizabeth 
Green." dated 10 Dec. 1737. Charleston P. C, Bk. 1736-40, p. 143. 

•Will of Susanna Green, 1747: "My Brother Richard Bailey;" will 
of Samuel Elmes, 14 Nov., 1757: "Richard Bealy my well beloved 
Nephew." Charleston P. C, Bk. 1761-77, 510. 

*Will of Susanna Green, 1747. 

•His will, Charleston P. C, Bk. 1757-60, p. 345. Will dated 6 Feb., 
1760, proved 8 Nov., 1760. Mentions wife — unnamed — if child born to 
him, then estate to be divided between wife and child 

•Not mentioned in will of Susanna Green, 1747. Mentioned in 
will of Sami^el Elmes, 14 Nov., 1757, and in will of Wm. Fishburn, 1760. 

"Called "Sister Martha Fishburn" in will of Susannah Green, 1747, 
and "neice" Martha Brown in will of Samuel Elmes, 1757. 


apparently his third wife.* She predeceased him, as his 
will, written Aug. 19, 1744, shows that at his deatli his 
wife's name was Mary. 
Issue: (Named in father's will.) 

? i Thomas Smith b. about 1723, living in Charles 
Town 1744. 

William Cantey. 
I. 2. I. 2. 

William Cantey, son of Capt. James Cantey and Eliza- 
beth Stevens, his wife, was born about 1726 and was living 
in 1772, on Jan. 31 of which year, he and his mother, who 
had married again, were appointed administrators of the 
estate of his step- father, Anthony Williams, "late of St 

His brother, James Cantey, is known to have gone to 
Georgia; and he is probably the William Cantey who ap- 
plied in Oct. 1769 for a grant of 500 acres on St. Simon's 
Island, "being about to come with wife, five children and 
four negroes," and who in Jan. 1772, in again applying, said 
he hoped to bring his family and slaves within six months. 
(Ga. Colonial Records.) There is no evidence, however, 
that he actually moved from South Carolina to Georgia. 

*Thc Mss. Register of St. Andrew's Parish, in possession of the 
Charleston Library Society, gives the following items with reference 
to Emanuel Smith: 

"Emanuel Smith and "Anne Jouds' married Dec. 9, 1720. Anne 
Smith, dau. of Emanuel Smith [sic!] bur* Sep. 19. 1721; Mary Anne 
dau. of Emanuel Smith [sic] baptized Dec. 27, 1721; Emanuel Smith 
married to Margaret Elmes Feb. 1721 / 2." 

Now the will of Samuel Jones, of St. Andrews, Berkeley Co., dated 
Jan. 17, 1726/7, mentions granddaughter, Mary Ann Smith (under 
21 & unmarried) — Emanuel Smith, formerly his son-in-law (Prob. 
Ct., Bk. 1671-1727). [Only Smith grandchild mentioned, daughter's name 
not given.] 

Emanuel Smith was buried 1744 (after Oct. 1. month and day 
broken away) in Charleston (St. Philip's Register), and his will, dated 
17 Aug., and proved 3 Nov., 1744. gives him as then of Charles Town, 
in it he mentioned son Thomas Smith (the terms used in regard to 
bim making it probable that he was then of age), daughter, Mary 
Ann Lambright, (wife of Belteshazzar Lambright, of James Island), 
wife, Mary Smith, possibly an unborn child. Charleston P. C, Bk. 
1740-47, p. 193. 

^Charleston P. C, Court of Ord.